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NOTICE. 




All pages missing from this volume are those of Advertisements only, and a 
ipecimen of each advertisement published in the volume will be found in the issue s 

l>-.jLi,aMdkAl^ 

and in th e selected sheets 




Librarian. 




Vol. XVIII.— No. i.J 



NEW YORK AND CHICAGO, A1™£ST 21, 1896 



wtfj® 



[Whole Number, 443. 




THE GOLD BRICK AGAIN. 

"What's the matter, Tom ? Had a breakdown, eh ?" 

" Yes; but the worst part of it is that the sheriff has closed up the factory, and now I can't have the thing replaced under 
the finely-worded guarantee. It's a regular gold-brick investment !" 

" Ah ! Now do you see the sense of my advice to you when you were looking for a bicycle ?' Then you said this wheel 
was ' just as good* as a Rambler, a wheel which is the result of 17 years' experience in bicycle building, and which is backed 
by a solid concern open every business day in the year, and every year, too. My Rambler doesn't need a guarantee, but is 
covered by a good one." 

"Well, don't rub it in. When I get rid of this crock I won't ask for further advice. The Rambler is all right." 



6H685 



August 21, 



1 J I 



THE GALES... 



|l HIGHEST GRADE. % 

Ei ^ 

^ Improved Model A, 1896, #85.00. % 

z: Mode! B, Reduced from 375.00 to $65.00. 3 

% % 

fc SUNDRIES. * =5 

g- We carry the largest stock of Bicycle Sundries of every description at lowest prices. ^ 

£f TUBING. 3 

^^ We only import this to order and have had the following left on our hands. We will close out the ^J 



,ooo feet, i% by 20 
,275 feet, y% by 20 



lot at 60 and 10 per cent, from our list. 

962 feet, ^| by 17 540 feet, ^ by 18 

600 feet, 1 by 20 2,168 feet, % by 18 



£ SCHOVERLING, DALY & GALES, 302 Broadway, New York. ^ 

^Z Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. ^5 

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18 * 

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A. D* Meiselbach Company, 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

4 BICYCLES ^ 



Milwaukee, ^ <$ ** Wisconsin* 



■ 

$&3 



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Kindly mention The Wheel. 



1896. 



ADVERTISERS-CLASSIFIED AS TO PRODUCT. 



Asphalt Pavementa. 

Barber Asphalt Paving Co., The, 1 Broadway, N.Y 



Automatic Cycle Whistle. 

Automatic Cycle Whistle Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 



Badges and Medals. 

Beegan, John, 326 S. Halsted St., Chicago, 111. 
Duryea Co., 61 Cortlandt St., N. Y. 
Harriott, John, 3 Winter St., Boston, Mass. 



Bells. 

Bevin Bros. Mfg. Co., East Hampton, Conn. 
Chapman Mfg. Co., Meriden, Conn. 
Hill, N. N., Brass Co., East Hampton, Conn. 
Leng's, John S., Son & Co., 4 Fletcher St., N. Y. 
New Departure Bell Co., Bristol, Conn 



Bi-Gear. 

Brown-Lipe Gear Co., Syracuse, N.Y. 



Bicycles. 

Adams & Westlake Co., The, Chicago, 111. 

America Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

American Sewing Machine Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Arnold, Schwinn & Co., Peoria & Lake Sts., Chicago. 

Barnes Cycle Co., The, Syracuse, N.Y. 

Bellis Cycle Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Blake, G. H., & Co., Boston, Mass. 

Bolte Cycle Mfg. Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Buffalo Wheel Co., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Crawford Mfg. Co., Hagerstown, Md. 

Davidson Cycle Co., Chicago, 111. 

Defiance Bicycle Co., Defiance, O. 

Blgin Sewing Machine & Bicycle Co., Elgin, 111. 

Everett Cycle Mfg. Co., Everett, Mass. 

Fay Mfg. Co., Elyria, O. 

Featherstone, A., & Co., Chicago, 111. 

Fowler Cycle Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

Gendron Wheel Co., Toledo, O. 

Gilbert & Chester Co., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

Grand Rapids Cycle Co., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Hamilton-Kenwood Cycle Co., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Hardy Cycle Co., 45-47 W. 67th St., New York. 

Henley Bicycle Works, Richmond, Ind. 

Howard Chainless Bicycle Co., Newark, N.J. 

Humber & Co., Westboro, Mass. 

Hunter Arms Co., Fulton, N. Y. 

Indiana Bicycle Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

lver Johnson Cycle and Arms Co., Fitchburg, Mass. 

James Cycle Mfg. Co., White Cloud, Mich. 

Lovell, John P., Arms Co., Boston, Mass. 

Lozier. H. A., & Co., Cleveland, O. 

Luthy & Co., Peoria, 111. 

Mcintosh-Huntington Co., Cleveland, O. 

Meiselbach, A. D., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Meteor Cycle Co., Chicago, 111. 

Miami Cycle & Mfg. Co., Middletown, O. 

Monarch Cycle Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

Olympic Cycle Mfg. Co., 35 Liberty St., New York. 

Peoria Rubber & Mfg. Co., Peoria, 111. 

Phillips Mfg. Co., 307 W. Broadway, New York. 

Pope Mfg. Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Richmond Bicycle Co., Richmond, Ind. 

Rouse, Hazard & Co., Peoria, 111. 

Schlueter, H. F., Cvcle Mfg. Co.. Cincinnati. O. 

Schoverling, Daly & Gales, New York. 

Shattuck, H. B., & Son, 249 Columbus Ave., Boston. 

Sieg & Walpole Mfg. Co., Kenosha, Wis. 

Syracuse Cycle Co., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Waltham Mfg. Co., 240 Broadway, New York. 

Bicycle Balances. 

Bicycle Chain Lightning Co., 29-33 W. 4»d St., N.Y. 



Cyolometerg. 



Cycle Clothing. 

Call, S. B., Springfield, Mass. 
Cycle Fittings. 

Ames Sword Co., Chicopee, Mass. 
Independent Electric Co., 153 Lake St., Chicago, 111. 
Indian Orchard Screw Co., Indian Orchard, Mass. 
Toledo Cycle Supply Co., The, 22 Erie St., Toledo, O. 
Worcester Ferrule and Mfg. Co., Worcester, Mass. 

Cycle Stands. 

Bradley & Hechinger, 167-169 Randolph St., Chicago. 
Bridgeport Gun Implement Co., New York. 
Esmond, E. R., 57 Park Place, New York. 
Hampton Mfg Co., Bay City, Mich. 
Lefebre Mfg. Co., Arbuckle Bldg., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Porter, H. K., 66 Beverly St., Boston, Mass. 
Rochester Bi. Com. Holder Co., Rochester, N. Y. 
Safety Mfg. Co., 63 S. Canal St., Chicago, 111. 

Cycle Watch and Carrier. 

Waterbury Clock Co., 10 Cortlandt St., New York. 
Electrotypes. 

Raisbeck Electrotype Co., 24 Vandewater St., N. Y. 

Emery Wheels. 

Northampton Em. Wheel Co., aoS. Canal St.,Chicago. 
SterlinjEm Wheel Mfg. Co., 59 S. Canal St., Chicago. 

Enamels. 

American Enamel Co., Providence, R.I. 
Gerstendorfer Brothers, New York and Chicago. 
Olympia Japanning Works, 390 Canal St., N. Y. 
Pitts, J. R., & Co., 136 Mechanic St., Newark, N. J. 

Felt. 

Tingue, House & Co., 56 Reade St., New York. 
Forglngs. 

Bowen Mfg. Co., Auburn, N. Y. 
Buffalo Drop Forging Co., Buffalo, N. Y. 
Fay & Bowen, Auburn, N: Y. 
Huennekens Cycle Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Seward, M. & Son, Co., New Haven, Conn. 
Whitten, W. W., Cycle Mfg. Co., Providence, R. I. 

General Supplies. 

Leng's, John S., Son & Co., 4 Fletcher St., N. Y. 
Grinding and Polishing Machinery. 

Builders' Iron Foundry, Providence, R. I. 

Grips. 

Fiber-Buckskin Mfg. Co., Maiden, Mass. 
Jones, L. M. Co., The.. West Winsted, Conn. 
Lund Pneumatic Grip Co., Rochester, N. Y. 

Handle-Bars. 

Avery & Co., 24 Superior St. Viaduct, Cleveland, O. 

Bostedo Co., New York, Chicago. 

Greencastle Mfg. Co., Greencastle, Ind. 

Leng's, J. S., Son & Co., 4 Fletcher St., New York. 

Home Trainer. 

Sturgis, S. A., St. Johns, Mich. 

Hotel. 

Lexington Hotel, Chicago. 



Machinery. 

Barnes, W. F & J., Rockford, 111. 

Bliss, E. W., Co., 25 Adams St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Builders' Iron Foundry, Providence, R. I. 

Cincinnati Milling Machine Co., Cincinnati, O. 

Cleveland Mach. Screw Co., Cleveland, O. 

Diamond Mach. Co., Providence, R. I. 

Ferracute Machine Co., Bridgeton, N. J. 

Fox Mach. Co., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

GarvinMach. Co., Laight &Varick Sts.,N. Y. ; Chicago. 

Hanson & Van Winkle Co., Newark, N.J. 

Lo'ge & Shipley Machine Tool Co., Cincinnati, O. 

Niles Tool works, Hamilton, O. 

Rudolphi & Krummel, 96-100 N. Clinton St., Chicago. 

Toledo Machine and Tool Co., The, Toledo, O. 

Name Plates. 

Hanson, C. H., 40-44 Clark St., Chicago, 111. 

Nickel-Plating Outfits. 

Burns, E. Reed, 40 and 42 Withers St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Hanson & Van Winkle Co., The Newark, N. J. 
Zucker & Levett & Loeb Co., 526 "W as th St., N. Y. 
Mayer, M. M., 337 E. 107th St., N. Y. 

Oils. 

Betts, A. U-, & Co., Toledo, O. 
Kenzolioe Oil Co., Chicago, 111. 

Oilers. 

Cushman&Denison, 172 9th Ave., N. Y. 



Indian Orchard Screw Co., Indian Orchard, Mass. 
Leng's, John S., Son & Co., 4 Fletcher St., N. Y. 
Whitten, W. W., Cycle Mfg. Co., Providence. R I. 



Aughinbaugh, W. E., Washington, D. C. 

Dodge, Theodore A., Equitable Bldg, Boston. Mass. 



Bridgeport Gun Implement Co., N. Y. 
Brown Mfg. Co., Chicago and New York. 
Cycle Improvement Co, Westboro, Mass. 
Huennekens Cycle C"., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Iven-Brandenburg- Burgess Co., Chicago, 111. 
McCool Tube Co., New York and Chicago. 
Moore, A. L., Co., The, Cleveland, O. 
Richards, Edward S., Suite 318, Rookery, Chicago. 

Polishing Material. 

Aetna Wax Mfg. Co , Newark, N. J. 
Hanson & Van Winkle Co., Newark, N. J. 

Power. 

Tuerk Hydraulic Power Co., 23 VandewaterSt., N.Y. 

Presses, Dies and Tools. 

Bliss, E. W., Co., 17 Adams St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Ferracute Mach. Co., Bridgeton, N. J . 

Pumps. 

Davis & Stevens Mfg. Co., The, Seneca Falls, N. Y. 

Repair Tools. 

Burlington Blanket Co., Burlington, Wis. 
Century Chem Co , 541 So. Sav. Bldg, Cleveland, O. 
Cycle Compound Co., Glens Falls, N. Y. 
Griswold, M. E., Co., 595 W. Madison St., Chicago. 
PlugineCo.. Wade Bldg., Cleveland. O. 
Tireine Mfg. Co., 534 Central Ave., Cleveland, O. 



Bicycle Crates. 

Saginaw Basket Co., Saginaw, W. S., Mich. 



Bevin Bros., East Hampton, Conn. 

Spencer Brake Co., 140 Chambers St., New York. 

Bone. 

Fitch Fertilizer Works, Bay City, Mich. 

Brazing Stands. 

Buffalo Dental Mfg. Co., Buffalo, N. Y . 

Chains. 

Anglo-American Cycle Fittings Co., New York. 

Baldwin Adjustable Cycle Ch'n Co.,Worcester,Mass. 

Chantrell Tool Co., The, Reading, Pa. 

Hall-Moore Mfg. Co., Cincinnati, O. 

Indianapolis Chain and Stamping Co., Indianapolis. 

Lefever Arms Co., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Moore, A. L., Co., The, Cleveland, O. 

Morse Mfg. Co., Trumansburg, N. Y. 

Mvers Cycle Chain Co., Bridgeport, Conn. 

Whitney Mfg. Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Whitten, W. W., Cycle Mfg. Co., Providence, R. I. 

Chewing Gum. 

White, W. J., Cleveland, O. 



Bolte Cvcle Mfg. Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Huennekens Cycle Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Indian Orchard Screw Co., Indian Orchard, Mass 

McLish & Co., Chicago, IU. 

New Britain Hardware Mfg. Co., New Britain, Conn. 

Weston, I. A., & Co., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Illustrations. 

Engraving Department The Wheel. 



Atwood Mfg. Co., Amesbury, Mass. 
Bridgeport Gun Implement Co., N. Y. 
Place & Terry Mfg. Co.. The, 247 Centre St.. N. Y. 
Schoverling, Daly & Gales, 302 Broadway, N. Y. 

Lamp Brackets. 

Bridgeport Gun Implement Co., 315 Broadway, N.Y. 



Deitz Cycle Lock Co., Albany, N. Y. 
Safety Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

Locking Holder. 
Safety Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

Luggage Carriers. 

Bay State Mfg. Co., So. Framingham, Mass. 
Rochester Bi. Comb. Holder Co., Rochester, N. Y. 



Boad Maps. 

Servoss, R. D., 21 Centre St., New York. 



Brown Saddle Co , Elyria, O. 

Dickson & Beaning, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Duguid Saddlerv Co., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. C«., 939"945 8th Ave., N. Y. 

Graton&'KnightMfg. Co., Worcester, Mass. 

Hollenbeck, F A., & Co, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Huennekens Cycle Co , Milwaukee, Wis. 

Kells Mfg. Co., Cleveland, O. 

Muller Mfg. Co., 605 W. 39th St., New York. 

Wheeler Saddle Co., Detroit, Mich. 

Scales. 

Buffalo Scale Co., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Speed Indicator. 

Harsin & Swanson, 607 Garden City Block, Chicago. 



Betts, Arlington U.. & Co., Toledo, O. 

Bevin Bros., East Hampton, Conn. 

Ea 'le Chemical Co , Findlay, O. 

McLish & Co , Chicago. 111. 

Pitts, J. R., & Co , 136 Mechanic St., Newark, N. J. 

Steel Balls. 
Cleveland Machine Screw Co., Cleveland, O. 



A.UgUSt 21, 



AD/ERTISERS.-CLASSIFIED AS TO PRODUCT.-Continued. 



Bevin Bros. Mfg. Co., East Hampton, Conn. 

Bostedo Co., The, Chicago, 111. 

Call, S. B., Springfield, Mass. 

Fay & Bowen, Auburn, N. Y. 

Hartley & Graham, New York. 

International Cycle FittingsCo. , 70-72 ReadeSt.,N.Y. 

Leng's, John S.,Son&Co„ 4 Fletcher St., New York. 

Moore, A. L., Co., The, Cleveland, O. 

Toledo Cycle Supply Co., The, 22 Erie St., Toledo, O. 



American Dunlop Tire Co. .The, 506 W.i4th St.,N.Y. 

Beebe Tire Mfg. Co., Sandusky, O. 

Boston WovenHose & RubberCo.,The,Boston, Mass. 

Gendron Wheel Co., Toledo, O. 

Goodrich, B. F., Co ., Akron, O. 

Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

Hartford Rubber Works, Hartford, Conn. 

Hodgman Rubber Co., 459 Broadway, New York. 

Leng's. John S., Son & Co., 4 Fletcher St., New Y< rk. 

Morgan & Wright, Chicago, 111. 

Newton Rubber Works. Newton Upper Falls, Mass. 

New York Tire Co., 59 Reade St., New York 

N. Y. Belting and Packing Co., 25 Park Place, N. Y. 

Palmer Pneumatic Tire Co.. Chicago, 111. 

Pope Mfg. Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Toe Clips. 

Bevin Bros., East Hampton, Conn. 

Tool Steel. 

Jessop, Wm., & Sons, Limited, 91 John St., New York. 

Tool Bags. 

Bay State Mfg. Co., So. Framingham, Mass. 



Tools. 

Hammacher, Schlemmer & Co., 209 Bowery, N. Y. 



Trouser Guards. 

Bevin Bros., East Hampton, Conn. 



Brewer Seamless Tube Co., Toledo, O. 

Cincinnati Steel Tube Co ,42 PikeBldg.Cincinnati.O. 

Ellwood Weldless Tube Co., Ellwocd City, Pa. 

Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

Hamilton Tube Co., Hamilton, O. 

Huennekens Cycle Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Leng's, John S., Son & Co., 4 Fletcher St., New York. 

Mansfield Machine Works, Mansfield, O. 

New Castle Tube Co., New Castle, Pa. 

Shelby Steel Tube Co , Shelby, O. 

Snell Cycle Fittings Co., Toledo, O. 

Standard Tube Co., Toledo, O. 

Toledo Tube Co., Toledo, O. 

Union Drawn Steel Co., Beaver Falls, Pa. 

U. S Projectile Co., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Warwick Tube Co., Newark, N. J. 



Valves. 

Schrader's Son, A., 32 Rose St., N. Y. 

Watch Chains. 

Indiana Chain Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Water Cycles. 

Wisconsin Int. Water Cycle Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 



Wire Wheels. 

Weston-Mott Co., Tamesville, N. Y. 



Wood Handle- Bars. 



Greencastle Mfg. Co., The, Greencastle, Ind. 
Home Rattan Co , Wells and Seigel Sts , Chicago. 
Indiana Noveltv & Mfg. Co.. Plymouth, Ind. 
Lauter, H , Indianapolis, Ind. 
Olds Wagon Works, Fort Wayne, Ind. 



Wood Polishing Wheels. 

Builders' Iron Foundry, Providence, R. I. 



Wood Kims. 

Boston Wood Rim Co., Bedford, Mass. 
Fairbanks Wood Rim Co., N. Tonawanda, N. Y 
Greencastle Mfg. Co., The, Greencastle, Ind. 
Hercules Rim Co., Detroit, Mich. 
Home Rattan Co., Wells and Sigel Sts., Chicago. 
Indiana Novelty Mfg. Co.. Plymouth Ind. 
Keystone Wooo Rim Co., Hamburg, Pa. 
Kuodtz Bending Works, Cleveland, O. 
Marion Cycle Co.. The, Marion, Ind. 
Michigan Wood Rim Co., Lowell, Mich. 
Olds Wagon Works, Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Rastetter, Louis, & Son, Fort Wayne. Ind. 
State of Maine Wood Rim Co., West Paris, Mair 
Waddel Woodenware Works, Greenfield, O. 



Wrenches. 

Girard Wrench Co., Girard, Pa. 
Indianapolis Wrench Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Lovell Wrench Co., Bridgeport ,Conn. 



INDEX. NAME AND PAGE. 

[Advertisers are notified that changes are not guaranteed in current issue unless copy is received by Saturday morning.] 



Name. Page. 

Adams & Westlake Co 13 

Aetna Wax Mfg. Co — 

America Cycle Mfg. Co 55 

American Enamel Co ;.. 77 

American Sewing Machine Co 85 

Ames Sword Co 76 

Ames & Frost 26 

Anglo-Amer. Cycle Fitting Co 87 

Arnold, Schwinn & Co S3 

Atwood Mfg. Co 83 

Aughinbaugh, W. E 85 

Automatic Cycle Whistle Co 71 

Avery & Co 74 

Baldwin Cycle Chain Co — 

Barber Asphalt Paving Co 84 

Barnes Cycle Co — 

Barnes, W. F. & John, Co 8r 

Beebe Tire Mfg. Co 23 

Beegan, John 76 

Bevin Bros. Mfg. Co 24 

Bicycle Chain Lightning Co 84 

Blake, G. H., & Co 87 

Bliss, E. W. Co — 

Bolte Cycle Mfg. Co 14 

Bostedo Co 8 

Boston Woven Hose and Rubber Co. 5 

Boston Wood Rim Co 92 

Bowen Mfg. Co 79 

Bradley & Hechinger 87 

Bridgeport Gun Imp. Co 82 

Brown-Lipe Gear Co 86 

Brown Saddle Co 88 

Brown Mfg. Co 69 

Buffalo Cycle Co „ 17 

Buffalo Dental Co 77 

Buffalo Drop Forge Co 77 

Builders' Iron Foundry 80 

Burlington Blanket Co 17 

Burns, E. Reed — 

Call, S B 1 - 

Campbell, F. H 85 

Century Chemical Co 90 

Chantrell Tool Co 74 

Chapman Mfg. Co 83 

Cincinnati Milling Machine Co — 

Cincinnati Steel Tube Co 86 

Cleveland Machine Screw Co 91 

Crawford Mfg. Co. 93 

Cushman & Denison 71 

Cutting & Kaestner — 

Cycle Compound Co 72 

Cyclist, The 76 

Dann Bros. & Co 79 

Davis & Stevens Mfg. Co 77 



Name. Page. 

Davidson Cycle Co 88 

Deitz Cycle Lock Co 81 

Diamond Machine Co 78 

Dickson & Beaning 78 

Dodge Theodore A , 9 

Du«uid Saddlery Co 90 

Duryea&Co — 

Eaele Chem. Co 18 

Elgin Sewing M & B Co 20 

Ellwood Weldless Tube Co 76 

Esmond, E. R .... 76 

Excelsior Supply Co 27 

Fairbanks Wood Rim Co 23 

Fay Mfg. Co 83 

Fay & Bowen — 

Featherstnne & Co., A 94 

Ferracute Machine Co 72 

Fiber- Buckskin Mfg. Co * 27 

Fitch Fertilizer Works 78 

For Sale, Exchange and Want Adv.. 72 
Fox Machine Co — 

Garvin Machine Co 80 

Gendron Waeel Co 57 

Gersrendorfer Brothers. 85 

Goodrich, B. F., Co 18 

Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co 1-69 

Grand Rapids Cycle Co 37 

Graton & Knight Mfg. Co 82 

Griswold, M.E., Co 81 

Hall-Moore Mfg. Co 15 

HamiUon-Kenwood Cycle Co 12 

Hamilton Tube Co 88 

Hammacher, Schlemmer & Co — 

Hampton Mfg. Co 89 

Hanson, C. H 90 

Hanson & Van Winkle Co — 

Hardy Cycle Co 49 

Harriott, John 49 

Harsin & Swanson 79 

Hartford Rubber Works Co 6 

Hartley & Graham — 

Hercules Wood Rim 6 

Hill, N.N. .Brass Co 84 

Hodgman Rubber Co 15 

Hoi enbeck, F. A 82 

Home Rattan Co 89 

Howard Chainless Bicycle Co 85 

Huennekens Cycle Co 16 

Plumber & Co 41 

Hunter Arms Co 74 



Name. Page. 

Indiana Bicycle Co 46-47 

Indiana Novelty Co 93 

Indian Orchard Screw Co 77 

Indianapolis Ch'n & St'g Co 73 

Indianapolis Wrench & S't'g Co 84 

Independent Electric Co 73 

International Cycle Fittings Co 77 

Iven-Brandenburg-Burgess Co — 

James Cycle Mfg. Co 19 

Jessop, Wm. & Sons 76 

Johnson, Iver, Arms ACycleWorks.. — 
Jones, L. M. Co 78 

Kenzoline Oil Co 78 

Keystone Wood Rim Co. 76 

K.undtz Bending Works 92 

Lauter,H 77 

Lefebre Mfg. Co.„ 79 

Lefever Arms Co 90 

Leng's. John S., Son & Co 73 

Lexington Hotel 79 

Lodge & Shipley 76 

Lovell Wrench Co — 

Lovell, John P., Arms Co 26 

Lozier. H. A., & Co 7 

Lund Pneumatic Grip Co — 

Luthy & Co 69 

Mansfield Machine Works 74 

Mayer, M. M 72 

McCool Tube Co 73 

McLish&Co 74 

Meiselbach, A. D., Co 2 

Miami Cycle & Mfg. Co 91 

Michigan Wood Rim Co 78 

Monarch Cycle Co 10 

Morgan & Wright 59-60-61 

Moore, A. L., Co 22 

Morse Mfg. Co 84 

Mount Vernon Rye Whiskey — 

Muller Mfg. Co 21 

Myers Cycle Chain Co 11 

New Castle Tube Co 80 

New Departure Bell Co 88 

New Britain Hdw.Co — 

Newton Rubber Works 32 

NilesTool Works Co 2t 

Northampton Emery Wheel Co — 

Old Fort Mfg. Co 25 

Olds Wagon Works — 

Olympia Japanning Co 76 

Olympic Cycle Mfg. Co 72 



Name. Page. 

Palmer Pneumatic Tire Co 45 

Phillips Mfg. Co 85 

Pitts, J. R , & Co 84 

Place & Terry 84 

Plugine Co 20 

Pope Mfg. Co 37 

Porter, H. K 79 

Raisbeck Electrotype Co 76 

Rastetter, Louis & Son 8r 

Richards, Edward S 89 

Rochester Bi-Comb. Holder Co 83 

Saginaw Basket Co 78 

Safety Mfg. Co 89 

Schoverling, Daly & Gales 2 

Schrader, A., & Son — 

Servoss, R. D 71 

Seward, M.,& Son — 

Sieg & Walpole Mfg. Co 39 

Sharpless & Watts 87 

Shattuck, H. B. & Son 16 

Shelby Steel Tube Co 86 

Slaymaker-Barry Co 57 

Spencer Brake Co 22 

Standard Tube Co. 25 

State of "Maine Wood Rim Co 79 

Sterling Emery Wheel Co 75 

Stow Mfg. Co.. — 

Sturgis, S. A 86 

Syracuse Cycle Co 48 

Tingue, House & Co — 

Tireine Mfg. Co 79 

Toledo Machine and Tool uo 71 

Toledo Cycle Sup. Co 85 

Tuerk Power Co 77 

Union Drawn Steel Co 28 

United States Projectile Co 28 

Waddel Woodenware Works — 

Waltham Mfg. Co 78 

Waterbury Clock Co — 

Weston, I. A., Co 72 

West Side Auction House 71 

Wheeler Saddle Co 24 

Whitney Mfg. Co 91 

Whitten, W W — 

Wisconsin Water Cycle Co 19 

Worcester Ferrule & Mfg Co. . , ... . . .-. 91 

Yucatan Gum 76 

Zucker * Loab & Levett Co 80 



1 89<>. 






■F'E./:§,B ;; l^; i:U j^;, /. 



FOR EXPORT. 

Manufacturers shipping wheels out 
of the country find it to their advantage 
to equip them with 

VIM "CACTUS 
TIRES. 



They are puncture proof; cause no trouble; need no repairs; 
are fast, AND 

^ GIVE ABSOLUTE SATISFACTION. .* 



BOSTON WOVEN HOSE & RUBBER CO., 



276 Devonshire St., BOSTON. 

89 Chambers and 7 1 Reade St., NEW YORK. 

205 Lake St., CHICAGO. 

10 South Water St., CLEVELAND. 

709 North Fourth St., ST. LOUIS. 

1730 Arapahoe St., DENVER. 

14 Fremont St., SAN FRANCISCO. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



August 21, 



2$ 



■o~ ~o o o o o o 



o o o o o o o o o o o 



i; Hartford Single-Tube Tires. 



(THE STANDARD SINGLE TUBES.) 



u 



The Hartford Rubber Works Company first made Single-Tube Tires six years ago. At first 
makers laughed ; then they saw their mistake and now they are learning to make Single- 
Tires. We make the original Hartford. We are six years ahead. 

DON'T BUY AN IMITATION. 

The genuine Hartford Single Tube is the right kind. 

IF IT'S A HARTFORD TIRE IT'S RIGHT. 



other 
Tube 



ft 



Made by_ 



THE HARTFORD RUBBER WORKS CO., 



BRANCHES. 
100 CHAMBERS STREET, NEW YORK. 
136 LAKE STREET, CHICAGO. 
910 FILBERT STREET, PHILADELPHIA. 
8 QUEEN 8TREET, E., TORONTO, ONT. 



HARTFORD, CONN. 

(The Home of the Single Tube.) 

distributing depots. 

370 ATLANTIC AVENUE, BOSTON. 
17-19 BEALE STREET, SAN FRANCISCO. 
1757-1759 ST. CHARLES AVENUE, NEW ORLEANS. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



*s 




General Sale's OfficeJ)EIROIT,.MlCH, 



5 



HE HERCULES RIM consists of two layers of wood, between which is a strip of chemically prepared fibre of great strength ; 
the three strips are so joined as to be absolutely undetachable ; the different joints are each located in a different part 
of the rim. The main features accomplished in the rim are, that while it weighs slightly less than an all-wood rim, it is very 
much stronger ; it is very elastic, and the special fibre strip is an absolute preventative of splitting. The disposition of the 
average rider to follow the racing custom of blowing his tire to the maximum seems likely to result in an unheard of quantity 
of split rims the coming season. As already stated, 



THE HERCULES RIM WILL NOT SPLIT. 



The color of fibre is either red or dark, 
as preferred, and is a positive addition 
to the beauty of the rim. 



DUST AND CHAIN GUARDS, 

In Blrd's-Eye, and Plain Maple or Elm. 

OUR GUARDS ARE NOT MOULDED OR WARPED, but worked out from blanks j£ x 2 in., giving them all the strength and 
stiffness required with the least amount of weight. Our workmanship on these cannot be excelled. Samples upon application. 



THE HERCULES WOOD RIM CO., DETROIT, MlCM. 



i8 9 6. 




"NT^QUARf 




ftn^wpf 



AH Kinds of Money 

Can be made by the hustling dealer who 
will add a livery department to his 
cycle business. 

Had you thought of it ? 

The best riding season is yet to come, 
and a renting department outfitted with 
Cleveland Cycles will get the business. 

There's money in it! 

We are prepared to co-operate with enter- 
prising and responsible people who 
will take up the Cycle Livery busi- 
ness at this time. 

Write to-day for particulars. 

Cleveland Cycles - H. A. Lozier & Co. 

CLEVELAND, OHIO, U. S. A. 



BRANCH HOUSES:— 337 Broadway, New York City. 

830 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

304 McAllister Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

18 Holborn Viaduct, London, E. C. 
6 Place de la Madelaine, Paris. 
FACTORIES:— Toledo, Ohio. Thompson ville, Conn. Toronto Junction, Ontario. 

N. B —Cyclists going abroad are invited to call at our London and Paris stores. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 




OHTI^QUARc' 




OllT^Rf' 



AugUSt 21 



Scorch, 
Sprint, 
Stroll 




or 




s 



aUIlter* No matter 

the pace or what the road, it all means 
the same to a man who has his wheel 
equipped with a . . . 




Price, 
$5,00 



with 
a... 



Dostedo Adjustabl 
Handle-Oar. 



By the simple pressing- of a latch and 
without dismounting- he 
is ahle to instantly adj ust 
the har to the require- 
ments of the moment. It 
is simple and ahsolute in 
its rigidity and perfection 
of mechanism and much 
stronger than any other. 




TERMS 

Send us your name and address. Bar will be shipped by express, prepaid, upon receipt of 
P. O. Order for $5 00. C. O. D. if desired 

Put it on your wheel and TRY IT two days. If not satisfactory, ship back to us (prepaid) C. O. D. 
$500 

WE WILL allow you two days' trial dating from the time of delivery to you by Express Co. 
WE WILL refund your $5 00 IF you find the bar unsatisfactory and return to Express Co. within 

48 hours from its receipt subject to these conditions. 
WE WILL NOT receive returned bars unless sent usC. O. D. by express, charges prepaid, nor un- 
less we have privilege of examination 
WE WILL NOT accept returned bars that are broken, bent, dented or badly disfigured by evident 
careless use or accident. 
We must have your written reason for returning the bar. Write it on back of return tag. 

THE BOSTEDO CO. 



NEW YORK: 
\56 Fifth Avenue. 



CHICAGO: 
J56 Lake Street. 




Kindly mention The Wheel. 



1896. 



S.T.T. 



SINCLE-TUBE TIRES 



S.T.T. 



Cannot Be Excelled... 



CO 

u 



Id 

m 

D 
I- 



O 



CO 



Look at the names of corporations 
and firms manufacturing 



Single -Tube Tires 



under the Tillinghast patents 



The Boston Woven Hose and Rubber Co., 

The Revere Rubber Company, 

The New York Belting & Packing Co., Ltd. 

The Pope Manufacturing Company, 

The Newton Rubber "Works, 

The Diamond Rubber Company, 

The B. F. Goodrich Company, 

The New York Tire Company, 

The Hartford Rubber Works Company, 



The Mechanical Rubber Co. of Chicago, 

The Hodgman Rubber Company, 

The Peoria Rubber & Manufacturing Co., 

The Indiana Rubber & Insulated Wire Co 

The Kokomo Rubber Company, 

The Mechanical Rubber Co. of Cleveland, 

The Hartford Cycle Company, 

The Ideal Rubber Company, 

The Spaulding & Pepper Company, 



L. C. Chase & Co. of Boston. 



The above list embraces more than forty-nine fiftieths 
of the capital interested in the manufacture of 

SINGLE-TUBE TIRES 

in the United States, and includes 
the only licensed manufacturers of 

SINGLE-TUBE TIRES. 

OTHERS ARE INFRINGERS. 



CO 

z 
o 

r 
m 

■ 

H 
C 
00 

m 



30 

m 



SUITS have been brought in every United States Circuit. 



S.T.T. 



SINCLE-TUBE TIRES 



S.T.T. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



August 2r, 



They Tell the Tale. 

AT THE L. A. W. MEET, LOUISVILLE, 

TOM COOPER 

ON A 

MONARCH 

WON THE 

Quarter-Mile, 

KXiJf NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS. 

Five-Mile, 



Ride a Monarch 




*^ 



AND 



Be a Cooper. 
Be a Cooper 



AND 



\ 



Keep in Front. \ : \ 



MONARCH CYCLE CO., 

CHICAGO. NEW YORK. SAN FRANCISCO. TORONTO. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



1896. 



THE MYERS 

Detachable Cycle Chain 



®= 



=<$ 



Great Scott! The Missing Link Has Been Found. 





The Myers Cycle Chain 

can be taken apart or put together without the use of tools ; hence, 
should any of its parts wear out or break, the same can at once be re- 
newed. The centre blocks and also the studs or rivets are hardened ; 
therefore the wear is reduced to a minimum. It is the easiest running 
chain, and will fit the standard one-inch sprocket. 

Dse the Myers Chain and You Will Heier Again Use Any Other. 



® 



MYERS CYCLE CHAIN CO., 



NEW YORK OFFICE: 

Eerken Building, Cor. Chambers St. and West Broadway. 



MAIN OFFICE AND FACTORY: 

BRIDGEPORT, CONN, 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



August 21, 






Chicago, III., July n, 1896. 

Being owners of the patents, trade-marks and good-will of 
the Kenwood Bicycle, made for and sold by the Kenwood Bicycle 
Mfg. Co., of Chicago, we have decided to conduct the business in 
future under one management. We have also purchased the bicy- 
cle department of the Sligh Furniture Co., of Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Owing to our rapidly- growing business we must increase our 
capacity; we shall, therefore, on August 15, 1896, remove our 
factory to Grand Rapids, Mich. , where, under the name of the 

Hamilton-Kenwood 



we will continue the production of the well-known Hamilton 
Kenwood, Wellington and Sligh bicycles, also a full line of high 
grade juveniles. 

HAMILTON CYCLE CO., 

Chas. L. Thayer. 




Cycle Co*, 





Kindly mention The Wheel. 



^^yii^\^. 



"Officer! There goes a cycli 
v^wuUlamp.whydoyou 
let" such limp occur? * 

" Well, 5crgeanlTye see, 
mosUllof emnaslftm 

"X Pay Lamps 

and.me eyes is near doz ! 
zled ouTo'me head a lo- 
oking or em attdkanr 
see well o nights." 




14 



August 21, 



LEAGUE BICYCLES. 




PRICES, $60.00, $80.00 AND $100.00. 



The Original 

One Piece Crant. 



wwwwwww 




Simple ! 
UntoeaiaMe ! 

No More Loose 
Cotter Pins! 



WWWWWWW 



Any crank broken, whether by accident or carelessness, replaced free of charge. 



Send for Catalogue and Discounts to 



Bolte Cycle Mfg. CO., Milwaukee, Wis. 




Send for Quotations. 




The Success of the Season. 

League Revolving Vise. 

To try It is to buy it. 

As good for assembling as for filing. 



Send for Sample of 



New Tubular Hub, 

Up to date. 
No more broken spokes! 



BOLTE CYCLE MANUFACTURING CO., 

186-190 E. Water Street, 

Kindly mention The Wheel. MILWAUKEE, WIS. 



i8 9 6. 



r~6 TrinrsinsttisTrttTririnnnsinnnnrBT^^ mnnrms TnrsinnririrsTnrsvTnrinnrGV'rt^^ 

A FABLE 

THE OWL AND THE GOOSE. 

' I see," said the Goose to the Owl, *' You are re-tiring. Why not select 
a patent non-puncturable, non-cutable, self healing, ever-lasting, yellow, 
crimson, blue, chromatic, perfection tire, that can be used generation after 
generation, instead of that thing? Why, bless your heart, that's made of 
rubber. " 

" To whit ! " replied the owl, " you remind me of the poet who said : 
' A rubber tire on the rim — 
A simple tire was to him, 

And nothing more 1 ' 

"Why bless your pate de fois gras, if 

'MADE OF RUBBER' 




IT'S A 



HODGMAN 



single HTTOT7 

TUBE 1 lKlJ- 



The easiest going, fastest, most durable tire in the world." 

But the goose, true to his traditions, bought an everlasting tire every month , and finally gave up 
cycling because he did not find the promises of the manufacturers puncture proof. 
Moral : Don't be a goose. HODGMAN'S being the BEST is good enough. 

HODGMAN RUBBER COMPANY 

459-461 Broadway, New York. 

Atwood Building, Chicago, J 35 Essex Street, Boston. 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



The Record 
Breaker. 




Brown's Patent Roller Sprockets, Moore's Patent Roller-Bearing Chain, 
DOING AWAY WITH ALL FRICTION. 



MANUFACTURED BY 



THE HALL-MOORE MFG. CO., 

OFFICE, No. 406 NEAVE BUILDING, CI NCI N N ATI 

We can furnish Figure 8 chain in any quantity. 



WRITE FOR DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE. 



Kindly mention The Wheel when writing 



i6 



August 2 1, 



5= 



A REMARKABLE WHEEL AT A POPULAR PRICE, 



THE CENTURION CYCLE, 



3 
^ 




...Up to date... 



10 



BOTH IN DIAMOND AND DROP FRAME. 



Agents wanted. 
Send for Catalogue. 



% H. B. SHHTTUCK St SON, 

^ 249 Columbus Avenue, Boston, Mass. 

^— Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



^ 

^ 
^ 
3 



See That Joint? 




Made of best selected Rock Elm. Perfect lock ; will hold without glue by having 
spoke hole through joint. Prompt deliveries. Lowest prices. 




The Easiest Running Hub 



EVER PLACED ON THE MARKET 



Tool- Steel Cones and Cups Throughout. 
Every pair guaranteed. 



We are prepared to take contracts for Tubing (seamless and brazed) Forksides, Porkcrowns, Hubs, Spokes, 
Nipples, Washers, Balls, Rims, Guards, Chains, Pedals, Saddles, Forgings, Stampings, Fittings, etc. 
We also carry a large line of Sundries. 

Write Us for Prices. 

HUENNEKENS CYCLE COMPANY, 



Selling Agents: Washburn Mfg. Co. 
P. L. Jacobsen. 



25S LAKE STREET, MILWAUKEE, WIS. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



«*. mtwwst *7 



Experts Disagree on Almost Everything 



but when the subject touches 
upon the superiority of the & 




ENVOY 



^ AND & 



FLEETWING, 



there is but one opinion, and that is, that they are the best 
wheels on earth at anything like the price. <£ <&> <& <£ £• 



$ $100.°° Wheel for $75.°° i 

\ BUFFALO CYCLE CO., d> ^ Buffalo, N. Y. 5 

^" Kindly mention The Wheel. ^5 



HEAR YE! HEAR YE!! 




9 9 The Instantaneous Healer of 
Punctures in Pneumatic Tires 

DO NOT BUY 
UNTIL YOU LEARN 
WHAT "CYCO" DOES. 



Makes more money for consumer, dealer and jobber than all else. 



SEND FOR ^ 
«* BOOKLET. ««* 



Address: BURLINGTON BLANKET CO., Sole Agents, 

Burlington, Wis., U. S. A. Mention Th0 whee1 ' 



August 21, 




CROSSES OF GOLD » 
CROWNS OF SILVER 



rust out in time, but the plug-hat of popularity perches 
everlastingly on that which is good and durable. 



GOODRICH TIRES 



stand the wear, and there is no shrinkage in quality 
or workmanship. 

Most any one can make a tire, but it takes the "know 
how " born of experience to make a good one. 
The " Jiffy " repair tool goes scot free with each pair of 
Goodrich Tires, if you ask for it. 

If you are of the "double-standard" persuasion, re- 
member that we make the Great " G. & J." Double- 
Tube Clincher Tire. 



THE B. F. GOODRICH CO., 

Akron Rubber Works, - Akron, O. 

Selling Agents: The Columbia Rubber Works Co. 
New York: 66 Reade St. 
Chicago: 159 Lake St. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Puncture 1 ' Nit." 


If Time, Money, Security 


Puncture" Nit." 


PUI 

JOE 


and Lack of Worry 

mean anything to you, you will use 

MCTURE "l\ 

a chemical preparation guaranteeing your tire against puncture, and that 
will absolutely not injure the quality or lessen the resiliency of it. 

The best investment of $1 you ever made. 
1BERS! DEALERS! RIDERS! write for partic 


NT," 

jlars. 




P. S.— Inducements to Salesmen to Handle as a Side Line. 




Puncture "Nit." 


EAGLE CHEMICAL CO., findlay, ohio. 


Puncture "Nit." 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



1896. 



*9 



Have Yoix Seen It? 



Of course not, for 
the simple reason 
that we are the only 
successful makers 
of a Water Cycle. 

A MOST 

UNIOUE 

NOVELTY. 

Our Water Cycle 
is no experiment. 
The boats or half 
shells are made of 
new composition, 
stronger than 
wood, firmer than 
copper, absolutely 
air and water tight ; 
non-sinkable, per- 
fectly safe, cannot 
be upset; is inval- 
uable for hunting 
or fishing, as the 
hands are left free 
while it is being 
propelled. Runs 
very easy at a 
speed of ten miles 
an hour. 




THE WISCONSIN INTERNATIONAL WATER CYCLE CO 



Mention The Wheel. 



318 15th AVENUE, MILWAUKEE, WIS. 




THE... 



GUARANTEED FOR 
TWO YEARS. 



Gladstone 




The Premier Cycle 
of America. 
The Perfection of 
High-Grades, 



s> 



It is an obvious fact 
that no wheel, unless 
constructed of the 
finest material possible to procure, and 
built by careful and experienced work- 
men, could be guaranteed for such a 
length of time. 

Catalogue gives full particulars, and 
will be sent on application to 



JAMES CYCLE CO., 



WHITE CLOUD, MICH 



When writing kindly mention The Wheel. 




August 21 




® 



(o °/8s° °JSt\° °)Sk° °)SA 




®; 



Tony Gavin, the record-breaking " cop- 
per " of the Buffalo police force, who lowered 
the record between Buffalo and New York 
a few days ago, said yesterday: 

"If I hadn't put ' Plugine,' the liquid tire 
mender, in my tires before starting, I am 
positive I never could have reached New 
York in the time I did. Several times I was 
compelled to ride over broken glass, and the 
only thing I noticed was a slight escape of 
air, and the puncture was instantly mended 
by ' Plugine.' No," said Mr. Gavin in 
conclusion, " I was not hired by the Plugine 
Company to use their tire compound. It 
was recommended to me by a friend just 
before starting, and I am now glad I used it." 
— Daily American Wheelman, July 24, 1896. 



THE PLUGINE COMPANY, 

WADE BUILDING, 
CLEVELAND, O. 



tfofo QySfo OJ0T0 <y 



m. 



(0 5X0(0 5> 0(0 <y orb 5>oYo ?> <j( 




ol°jo 



olo* 




Kindly mention The Wbeel. 



GUNNING 



GUNNING 



GUNNING 



We Are in It, Too,... 



YOU WILL WANT OUR HIGHEST GRADB- 



THG 



3 



GUNNING 

$100.55 

MEDIUM GRADES— 

Elgin Timer, $80. - - Elgin Favorite, $70. 



O 

c 



WE ARE "GUNNING" FOR LIVE AGENTS. 



Elgin Sewing Machine and Bicycle Co. 

Branch Office i 364 Wabash Ave., Chicago. Main Office and Factory t Elgin, Illinois. 

Write for terms and prices, mentioning The Wheel. 



GUNNING 



GUNNING 



GUNNING 



1896. 




DRILLING, TAPPING AND FORMING MACHINE CORRESPONDENCE 

SOLICITED, 



SAVE MONEY 



by using latest types Labor- 
Saving Machinery. ... 



Special Machinery 

FOR THE 

Manufacture of Bicycles 



THE NILES TOOL WORKS CO., 



BRANCHES 




New York. 

Chicago. 

Philadelphia 

Pittghurgh. 

Boston. 




MULLER PATENT SADDLES 



* 


FOR 1597. 






ar»«£ 






Lightness, 








Beauty, 








Comfort 


t 
Simplicity, 

Strength* 




MULLER MFG. COMPANY, 








605 W. 39th Street, 








New York. 




Kindly 


mention The Wheel 



August 21, 




AT THE CYCLE SHOW NEXT YEAR 



you will find certain wheels fitted with 

THE SPENCER BRAKE. 



AND THEY WILL BE SELLERS. 



Thousands of riders are daily declaring that they ' ' must have it, and 
will buy any wheel that has it on in 1897." 



IT 

is 

INVISIBLE. 



WEIGHS 

ONLY A 

FEW OUNCES. 



OPERATES 
BY TURNING 
THE GRIP. 



APPLIES 

AT THE 

CRANK AXLE. 



No mechanic can make an objection to it which has not been answered 
practically. It is perfect and ideal. 

We deal only with manufacturers, and furnish the parts at 
bottom figures. 

THE SPENCER BRAKE CO., 

send for catalogue and quotations. 140 Chambers St., New York. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



ELLWOOD WELDLESS TUBING. KUNDTZ WOOD RIMS AND GUARDS. KELLS SADDLES. 
CLEVELAND HARDWARE GO. DROP FORCINGS. 

SHEET STEEL STAMPINGS. 

KING PEDALS. 



^ 



SPINAWAY 
PEDALS. 



k 




* 



GROTHE 

PEDALS. 



Electrically Welded Frame Connections. 



Practical tests prove them to be the strongest 
frame connections yet produced 



Mention The Wheel. 



^^ 



A\AA\A\A\A\+.MMA\A\A\A.A\AmA^A\A\A\A\A\AAA\A AAA ail 



.8,6. 9£$M 


23 


Why the Beebe Tires are the Best.... 



Because they are Durable. 

Because they are Fast. 

Because they are Safe. 

Because they are to a high degree Resilient. 

Because they are almost Punctureless. 

Because if punctured they may BE RIDDEN WITHOUT AIR. 

Because they are as easily mended as any Pneumatic Tire. 

Because they have NO EQUAL. 



Send for circulars and sample section. 
Correspondence solicited and promptly attended to. 

Address : 

THE BEEBE TIRE MFG. CO. 

SANDUSKY, OHIO. 

Kindly mention The "Wheel when writing. 




C^#^ 



PLACE YOUR ORDERS 
WITH THE 
ORIGINATORS: 



1 FAIRBANKS 
WOOD RIM 
COMPANY.. 



The reorganized Company is now 
taking orders for the season of '97, 
and, with its tripled facilities, can 
give immediate deliveries 



MAKERS 
OF THE 




ORIGINAI 

LAMINATED 
WOOD RIMS. 



The Rim which has' 

been adopted by the 

majority of the leading 

bicycle makers as the 

ONLY PERFECT RIM. 

7LK 



Send all orders for Wood Rims to 

FAIRBANKS WOOD RIM COMPANY, 

Bradford, Pennsylvania. 



Kindly mention The Wheal. 



AugUSt 2T, 






Oil Hole Covers 



(Pox 
Cr3k 



°fo\o 



♦•♦• 



m 



I 




24 Styles and Sizes. 



•For '97. 






Order early and get low prices 
and prompt deliveries. 

Sample card mailed 
on request. 



BEVIN BROS. MFG. CO., 

East Hampton, 
Conn. 

Mention The Wheel. 



)°,'Co °)$sCo °)SCo °)2i : Co °)SA 



}°Afi oki(o °}9^fi V^fi vA\" V^fi ^t Vs^S* yA"C" ??S<Sr yA\° 'yA'P Vsks 



/AC ^ASC °/°A° "JSCo vm 



R 



ide a Hygienic Saddle, 
ide a Comfortable and 

Correct Saddle, 
ide 




ifr 



SADDLE, 

^ And Enjoy Your Wheel. /^ 

THE"WHEELER"ISBUILTTOSITON, 
NOT TO STRADDLE. 



Do They Sell? 



Read What the Dealers Say. 



Washington, D. C, June 20, 1896. 
Wheeler Saddle Co., 

Detroit, Mich. 
Gentlemen— Enclosed please find our check covering your in- 
voice under date of June 11. 

We will thank you to send us fifty more of these most excellent 
saddles, as our supplv is entirely exhausted. 

We cannot say too much for this King of Saddles, and it will 
afford us great pleasure to do all in our power to push and advertise 
same. 

Trusting the saddles will soon reach us, we beg to remain, 
Very truly yours, 

Chas. E. Miller & Bro. 




The ONLY SADDLE which affords a safe, firm and 
natural support for the rider. On any wheel, if you insist. 

All Dealers Have Them. 



. . . MADE BY 

THE WHEELER SADDLE CO., Detroit, Mich. 



Ki'-dly mention The Wheel. 



[896. 



25 



Old Fort Manufacturing Co. 

Wood Rims. 

Patent Interlocking Joint. Neat 
and strong. Made of selected 
Rock Elm. Finished by expert 
finishers, with high-grade mate- 
rial. Large stock. Prompt ship- 
ments. 

Wood Handle-Bars 

All the popular shapes. Made of 
selected second growth timber. 
Adjustable and Reversible 

Complete Handle-Bar, $2.50 

Discount to the Trade. 

Wood Mud and 

Chain Guards. 

White Maple, Quartered White 
Oak, Rock Elm, eyeletted or 
plain. Best finish. Natural finish 
or enameled as desired. 

We have an excellent Bicycle Stand. 



OLD FORT MFC. CO., 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Fort Wayne, Ind. 




Gleet He " 




LOCK-JOINT 
TUBING. 

Made from One Piece of Steel. 



MANUFACTURERS 



who have used either " lock -joint " or brazed 
tube know that the spelter will run out of the 
seam when they braze the tube in the lugs. 



WE GUARANTEE 



the material used in the " ELECTRIC " tube 
to stand any degree of heat required for braz- 
ing, and 

IT WIU NOT MELT OR RUN OUT. 

Stronger than weldless stock, perfectly round, no 
seam or ridge to show through the enamel, and is only a 
trifle more expensive than common brazed tube. 

FORKSIDES and HANDLE-BARS of this tubing will 
soon be ready. 

Before placing your '97 contract write for prices and 
description. 



THE STANDARD TUBE CO., 

Office: 635-637 Spitzcr Building, 

TOLEDO, OHIO. 

INDEPENDENT ELECTRIC CO., 

153 Lake St., CHICAGO, 

Sales Agents for Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan and 
Iowa. 

Kindly mention The Wh«el. 



26 



August 21, 





ovell Bicycles for 1896 



combine Beauty, Strength and Durability. 




Lovell " Diamond," 

Known the world over, 
Strictly High Grade, 3100.00. 



Lovell " Special," 

A New Model, and a 
beauty, 385.00. 



Lovell " Excel/' 

The Best Medium-Grade Wheel on the market, 375.00. 

A fine line of Boys' and Girls* " EXCEL " Bicycles, 24 and 26'incln wheels, 

345.00 and 355.00. 
A few more good agents wanted. Apply at once. Our handsome Catalogue mailed Free. 

Johfl P. LOVell ArmS CO., Manufacturers, 
BOSTON, MASS. 




Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



1896. 



2 7 



1 Gardiner *& *& *£ 

=s 

I The Thistle*^ 

=^ __ . 

1 Worlds Records 



3 

i 
i 






THOSE THREE ALWAYS 
GO TOGETHER. <* <* & 



At Louisville, Aug. J 4th, Gardiner defeated all the cracks in 
the Mile Open, and MADE A NEW WORLD'S 
RECORD, single paced; time, 2.01. 

HE'S ROUNDING INTO FORM— WATCH HIM AND HIS THISTLE. 

EXCELSIOR SUPPLY COMPANY, 

276-278 Wabash Ave., Chicago. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



£ 
£ 
£ 



£ 

r 



5= 



^^••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••£« 

. ^ ^••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••^ ^ A 

"FIBER BUCKSKIN fiRIPS I 

■••••• 

... — ... for '97 ... — ... »::j5 



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Fiber-Buckskin Grip s jire 

STRONG, LIGHT, 
TOUGH, HANDSOME 
AND THOROUGHLY 
ABSORBENT. 



are undoubtedly the most pop- 
ular of all grips now presented 
to the notice of the 

Manufacturer of 
High-Grade Wheels. 

We should be pleased to hear from 
manufacturers before they place their 
'97 contract. 



•••••• 

•••••• 

•••••• 



•••••• 

•••••• 

— ••• 



•••••• 

•••••• 

•••••• 

•••••• 

•••••• 

•••••• 

— ••• 
— ••• 



e^£ 



'T'HIS absorbent quality alone has 
*• made for them a host of ardent 
friends among the riders. . . . 

There's never a slip 

'Twixt the hand and the grip. 



FIBER-BUCKSKIN MFG. CO., Maiden, Mass. M% 



•• • •••••■••••••••! 

• £••••••••••••*< 



'•••••••••••••••••••••••a* •_ m 



Kenti- The Wheel. 



August 21, 



the: 



United States Projectile Co., 



BROOKLYN, IV. Y. 



MANUFACTURERS OF 




"PROJECTILE BRAND" HIGH-GRADE, COLD-DRAWN, 

SEAMLESS STEEL TUBING, 

For Bicycles, Boilers and Manufacturing Purposes. 

•» 75LSO * 

Seamless Forksides and Handle-Bars (Plain or internally Tapered) and Tapered Tubes. 

Can Idake IMMEDIATE DELIVERY. 'Write for Prices. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



UNION DRAWN STEEL COMPANY, 

General Office and Works, BEAVER FALLS, PA. 

MANUFACTURERS OF HIGHEST GRADE POLISHED STEEL, 

Especially Adapted for Automatic Screw Machine Work. 

No experiment. First to produce suitable stock for making all parts mentioned below. 

BRANCH OFFICES: 

BOSTON 8 Oliver Street. 
NEW YORK, 

136 Liberty Street, 
CINCINNATI, 

9 & 10 Wiggin's Block. 
CHICAGO. 

10 to 24 W. Water St. 
ATLANTA, 

70 S. Forsyth St 
ST. LOUIS, 
810 N. Second St. 



& 




BEAVER FALLS, PA. 
CHICAGO, ILL. 
ST. LOUIS, MO. 
^i, ATLANTA, GA. 



Cones, Cases, Cups, Head Cones, Front, Rear and Crank Axles, Solid Seat Posts, Bright Screw Rods 

in Rounds, Flats, Squares and Hexagon Shapes, for Steps; Set Screws, Cap Screws, &c. Also Special Bright Hub 
Steel, free cutting. We make Fig. 8 Chain Steel more exact and of higher grade than others can produce. 

Our reference is the trade in general. Our delivery is prompt. Quality guaranteed. Our goods have stood the test 
for years. Write for estimates on contracts. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



2 9 




Copyright 



Vol. XVJII., No. i, 



New York and Chicago, August 21, .896. 



Whole No. 443. 



WAITING FOR THE TIDE TO TURN. 

The Indiana Company i;ay On Their Oars — 

Considered a Wise Move by a 

Shrewd Man. 

A dispatch from Indianapolis announces the 
closing down of the works of the Indiana Bi- 
cycle Co., throwing out of employment 1,500 
men. The following explanation is given for 
the closing: "The uncertainty of the future is 
one sufficient cause. We have half a million 
dollars out now, and we want to know what 
we are to realize on that before we put more 
money at present value into stock. It is ordi- 
nary business sense, and not politics, that 
causes us to suspend work until we know 
what the result of the election will be. We 
cannot risk in further manufacturing until 
our monetary contest is settled. If it is deter- 
mined to maintain the soundness of the pres- 
ent value of our money at the polls those who 
are hoarding it will let it go again into trade." 

Chicago, Aug. 18.— The Waverley factory 
in Indianapolis has been closed, and will 
probably remain idle until after the Novem- 
ber election. The fact was published in a 
Chicago paper on Sunday, and was embel- 
lished in such a manner as to create some- 
thing of a stir. 

President Smith was made to say that 
unless McKinley triumphed over Bryan the 
plant would never be opened or never again 
be operated. The Altgeld interview is too 
silly to bear the impress of truth. Dull 
times, an overstock and the money strin- 
gency were undoubtedly the causes of the 
temporary shutdown. 

"I regard it as a good business move," 
said C. W. Dickerson, president of the Ster- 
ling cycle works, in talking of the matter 
to-day. "The average man or woman who 
walks the streets does not nor cannot appre- 
ciate the tightness of the money market. 
The banks are positively refusing to take 
paper. Why, when we desired to make a 
loan the bank in which we usually had a 
good balance and in which we had always 
taken up our notes before maturity refused 
to accept our paper. 

"Do you know what the president told 
me?" asked Mr. Dickerson. The WHEEL 
man confessed that he did not. "Why," con- 
tinued the Sterling man, "he said: 'Turn the 
key in your factory until the election is 
over.' We had money, however, and our fac- 
tory is still in operation. Although, natur- 
ally, not in full blast." 

Mr. Dickerson said that this year 10,000 
Sterlings were produced, and none were car- 
ried over. For next year they are figuring 
on but 5,000, although, if necessary, 15,000 
can be built. He believes that every sound 
business man will pursue much caution. Con- 
servatism, he says, is the watchword of the 
hour in business circles. 



There is no doubt but that Mr. Dickerson 
reflects the sentiment of many in the trade. 
The election has virtually brought business 
to a standstill. If Bryan by any chance 
should win and the words of not a few 
prominent Western cycle men go for aught 
there are even darker days ahead. 



THAT ENGLISH G. & J. VERDICT. 

Chicago, Aug. 18.— THE WHEEL'S scoop 
on the result of the North British-Gormully 
& Jeffery tire suit is still a matter of com- 
ment. Gormully & Jeffery have received 
nothing but a repetition of THE WHEEL'S 
cable announcing their defeat. 

Frank L. Douglas, the firm's tire man, has 
been in London for two months watching the 
case, and inside facts will not be known until 
his return. The effect of the verdict, Mr. Jef- 
fery said to-day, would be to stop the manu- 
facture of G. & J. tires in England. It would 
have no bearing or influence on the infringe- 
ment suits which the North British Rubber 
Company have pending against Gormully & 
Jeffery in this country. 

"The English laws are peculiar," said Mr. 
Jeffery. "The court defines what constitutes 
the invention, and may even broaden the con- 
tentions of the plaintiffs. In America the 
claims filed with the patent govern the rul- 
ings of the courts. I invented the tire before 
Bartlett's tire was patented in England, but 
did not apply for a patent there until Bart- 
lett had forestalled me. In this country, how- 
ever, my patent antedates his, and as I cer- 
tainly am the inventor I have no fears of the 
outcome of any suits that may be brought or 
may be pending." 



SUNSHINE OP PROSPERITY. 

Chicago, Aug. 18.— A ray of light in the gen- 
erally strained situation of trade is the very 
strong probability of the Jenkins Cycle Co., of 
this city, resuming operations. It may be said 
unofficially that the matter is practically set- 
tled. The concern will be conducted under the 
same management and ownership as hereto- 
fore. Offers will be made creditors, which will 
be accepted, allowing 25 per cent cash balance 
in partial payments, all within one year. This 
happy result will be greatly due to the univer- 
sal confidence in the ability of Manager 
Charles E. Jenkins to properly manage the 
company. 



GOLD FROM EL DORADO. 

The Boulevard Cycle Company, of Chicago, 
seeks damages to the extent of $15,000 from 
the El Dorado Cycle Company. The litigation 
arises out of an attachment suit begun in the 
Circuit Court by the defendant against the 
Boulevard Cycle Company for $800. The 
plaintiffs say that the attachment was sued 
out wrongfully, as the account upon which it 
was based was not due. For this reason dam- 
ages are asked. 



BETWIXT CUP AND LIP. 

Somewhere Between These a Slip Occurred, 

Otherwise a Trade Sensation Would 

Have Been Sprung:. 

It is expected the announcement will short- 
ly be made that one of the largest, if not 
the largest of American manufacturers has, 
during his recent trip abroad, taken ad- 
vantage of the Englishman's desire to invest 
in the stock of cycle companies, to dispose 
of his vast interests to a British syndicate 
at a figure which will put in the shade all 
the stock transactions in the wheel trade, 
with the sole exception, of course, of the 
Dunlop deal. The whole thing was virtually 
settled, and, barring the unforeseen, would 
when announced, have come like a thunder- 
clap from a clear sky to those who had grown 
used to looking up to the concern in ques- 
tion as the chief mainstay of the American 
trade. 

The prospectuses of the company's business 
had been freely circulated among those foreign 
financiers who make a specialty of "floating" 
cycle companies. At the last moment, however, 
some hitch seems to have occurred, the pros- 
pectuses were called in, and the American rep- 
resentatives prepared to return home. 

Whether the affair is entirely off or only 
postponed until after the forthcoming election 
is over is a question difficult for the outsider 
to answer. At any rate, the attempt was made, 
and one of the greatest coups of the cycle trade 
was within the very closest of being pulled off. 



FOULS COST $50 EACH. 

Philadelphia, Aug. 19.— Foul riding may 
have its advantages, and then again it may 
not. When two such notables as Bald and 
Cooper take to the practice so openly as they 
did on the last day of the Louisville meet 
it behooves the powers that be to put a 
damper on the game. Sterling Elliott was 
referee at the time, and he promptly report- 
ed the case to Chairman Gideon. It was at 
first reported here that the two cracks would 
suffer suspension, but it is learned to-night 
that the Chairman will mulct each of the 
riders $50. The fine should have a wholesome 
effect. 



SADDLE SUING. 



Papers have been filed in the United States 
Court in an interesting suit against Humber 
& Co. (America) limited, by Mesinger Bros., 
the owners of the patents on the Mesinger 
saddle. They seek to recover damages for 
using a saddle on the Humber wheel this year 
which is an infringement, so Mesinger Bros, 
claim, of their patent. A large number of 
jobbers and manufacturers have used this 
same saddle, and they will probably watch 
this suit with interest. 



3° 



August 21, 



TIT FOR TAT. 

Bicycles Injured Jewelry, Now Jewelry Cripples 

Bicycles— Myers' Failure and the 

Results Thereof. 

Milwaukee, Aug. 14. — Bicycles, it is claimed, 
have crippled the jewelry business to a 
greater or less extent. But, paradoxical as 
it may seem, the failure of the jewelry 
house of S. F. Myers & Co., New York, caused 
the Telegram Cycle Manufacturing Company 
of this city to shut up shop to-day. 

The Telegram Company manufactured a 
special make of wheels for the Myers Com- 
pany and in consequence was the holder of a 
large amount of the New York company's 
paper. The total amount is in the neighbor- 
hood of $20,000. Most of this was placed with 
the First National Bank of this city as collat- 
eral to secure loans made to the Telegram 
Company. A portion of the Myers Company's 
paper fell due Wednesday, but Monday the 
company telegraphed and asked for an ex- 
tension. This the First National Bank re- 
fused to allow, and the paper went to pro- 
test in the New-York Clearing House 
Wednesday afternoon. Yesterday afternoon 
the company passed into the hands of a re- 
ceiver, the amount involved being estimated 
.at $500,000. 

The First National Bank's claims are se- 
cured by two judgments, one for $6,339 70 
and the other for $41,032.20. Although the 
extent of the failure cannot be ascertained, it 
is stated that the assets of the company are 
more than sufficient to meet all the obliga- 
tions. The stock on hand is very large and 
valuable, and includes a great deal of manu- 
factured material that was ready for ship- 
ment. The future -of the company has not 
been determined, but there is little doubt 
that the business will be continued, unless 
the First National Bank refuses to grant ex- 
tensions. 

The Telegram Cycle Company was the out- 
growth of the old Sercombe-Bolte Company, 
which went into the hands of a receiver in 
the fall of 1893. For the last two years it 
has been .doing a very large business and was 
rapidly making its way to the front in the 
ranks of the big cycling concerns of the 
West. The business of the company this year 
was large and of a prosperous kind until the 
collections began to fall off. The pla*it as it 
stands is a very valuable one, but if the busi- 
ness is closed out its value will be greatly 
depreciated. The entire equipment of ma- 
chinery was recently changed and all of the 
modern appliances used in cycle making se- 
cured. 

The officers of the Telegram Company are- 
President, W. H. Wolf; vice-president, John 
S. George, and secretary and treasurer, Frank 
R. Pingree. 



CLAIMS AND COUNTER CLAIMS. 
The Sager Manufacturing Company, of 
Rochester, N. Y., has begun an action against 
the Elbridge Cycle Company, of Syracuse, to 
recover $450 on saddles and bicycle sundries. 
The plaintiff claims that goods to the amount 
specified were sold and delivered to the de- 
fendant, and that no part of the amount has 
been paid. The defendant claims that the 
goods were not high grade and the best in the 
market and that they could not be disposed of, 
and they present a counter-claim in the sum 
of $300. 



TROUBLE IN THE CAMP. 

E. D. Sniff en, secretary of the Wheelmen's 
Protective Association, Chicago, was arrested 
last week, charged with embezzling $12,000. 
He was released on bail, and the hearing set 
for August 21. Glenwood Preble, the vice- 
president of the company, immediately took 
action in regard to the arrest and issued the 
following statement to their agents: 

"Upon the 20th day of July it became nec- 
essary, on account of reprehensible conduct 
coming to the notice of the officers of this 
association, to discharge E. C. Knowles, 
bookkeeper of the association, who went 
away threatening vengeance on the associa- 
tion. His method of showing his malice tow- 
ard the association caused a warrant to be 
sworn out, charging the treasurer with the 
embezzlement of the sum of $12,000, and he 
succeeded in having it published in several 
of the papers, thinking that he could thereby 
injure the association by causing the public 
to believe that its funds had been misappro- 
priated. 

"We beg to advise you that this charge 
has been fully investigated by a committee 
of the Board of Directors appointed at a 
called meeting, and the following is a copy 
of their report made at the regular monthly 
meeting of the Board of Directors: 

"Chicago, August 10, 1896. 

"The committee of the Board of Directors 
elected at a special meeting called and held 
July 31, at 10 o'clock a. m., make report that 
they have investigated the charge preferred by 
Director P. H. Barker that the secretary and 
treasurer of the association had misappropriated 
the funds of the association for his own per- 
sonal use, and the committee report that said 
charge is absolutely untrue and without founda- 
tion. The committee further report that they 
have examined the books and papers and af- 
fairs of the association, and have found the 
affairs of the association in good and solvent 
condition. Signed John O. Blake, Glenwood 
Preble. 

"We would further say that the treasurer, 
against whom the warrant was sworn out, 
continues in office, enjoying the confidence 
of the officers, the association is in the same 
prosperous condition that it has always been, 
will pay all losses promptly, and its ability 
is in no way crippled by the villanous at- 
tempt made to injure its credit by this dis- 
charged employe." 



TWO CHATTEL MORTGAGES. 

Two chattel mortgages have been filed by 
the Mortimer Bicycle Co., of Utica, N. Y. One 
is given to Thomas Mortimer to cover a claim 
of $500 and the other to the Hunter Arms Co., 
of Fulton, on bicycles and tools, to cover a 
debt of $2,800. 



FRISBIE QUITS. 

New Haven, Aug. 15. — General depression 
in the cycle business is announced as the cause 
for the failure of the Frisbie Cycle Co. to-day. 

The assignment was made by Attorney W. 
A. Wright and in the writ it is stated that the 
assignment is made by "Mary E. Frisbie, wife 
of William M. Frisbie, doing business under 
the name of the Frisbie Cycle Company." Bar- 
nard B. Savage was named for trustee and a 
hearing will be held upon the appointment 
on Wednesday, August 19. 

Mr. Frisbie invented a cart which is attach- 
able to any bicycle and which is known as the 
Nutmeg Cycle cart. He put considerable 
money into this scheme and the vehicle did 
not sell as well as was expected. This and 
the depression of business led up to the fail- 
ure. The assignment was precipitated, how- 
ever, by an attachment which was put on the 
store the other day by one of the heavy credi- 
tors. 

It is said that the claims against the com- 
pany, or rather Mrs. Mary E. Frisbie, will ap- 
proximate $6,000 and the assets are estimated 
at $3,000. 

In addition to manufacturing the Nutmeg 
cart, the company conducted a large retail 
store and repair shop. 



THE GLOBE CEASES TO REVOLVE. 

Because the Power of Money Is No longer 

Applied to Its Machinery— Buffalo's 

latest Failure. 

Buffalo, Aug. 15. — Following closely after 
the other failures in the cycle trade in this 
city comes the announcement to-day of the 
assignment of the Globe Cycle Company. 
W. H. Penseyres and Charles Haberer com- 
posed the firm. They made the assignment 
to Homer E. Dudley, for the benefit of their 
creditors. 

After providing for the payment of all legal 
expenses first and after them the salaries and 
wages of the employes, the following pre- 
ferred creditors are named: 

Union Bank of Buffalo, $1,500, on a note 
payable August 24, 1896, for borrowed 
money. 

Union Bank of Buffalo, $1,069 77, on a note 
for the payment of overdrafts. 

Henry F. Allen, for legal services, $150. 

Ferdinand J. Kersten, Buffalo, $570 64, for 
enamelling work done for the assignors. 

Hoddick Brothers, $141 66, for rent of the 
building at 616 Main street. 

A. J. McKaig, of Buffalo, $120 02, on a note 
made July 3, and payable two months after 
that date, for merchandise. 

Attorney Henry F. Allen, who is the firm's 
attorney, stated that the assignment was 
caused by the inability of the firm to make 
collections as fast as required, coupled with 
the fact that the creditors were pushing them 
a little too hard. Mr. Allen thinks that if 
the creditors would give the firm a little more 
time the stock could be disposed of in a way 
by which the creditors would not lose a cent. 

The Globe company was started about six 
years ago, and since that time has built up 
one of the largest businesses of the kind in 
Buffalo. Last year the firm made 8,000 
wheels, and for 1897 they expected to make 
still more. 



Riding on the beach may be pleasant, but 
the result to the wheel is never so. 



DOWN AMONG THE DIAMONDS. 

Maiden Lane was in a panic on Thursday 
of last week. S. F. Myers & Co., the largest 
jewellers in Maiden Lane (which, by-the-bye, 
is the centre of the jewelry trade), were em- 
barrassed. S. F. Myers & Co. are stock- 
holders in the Olympic Bicycle Company of 
New York, and they wish it to be known that 
they were only minority stockholders. The 
Olympic Bicycle Company's stockholders are" 
a coterie of men who are specially strong 
financially, and they state that the embar- 
rassment of S. F. Myers & Co. will not in 
any way affect the interests or the business 
of the Olympic Bicycle Company. 

When a WHEEL man called on S. F. Myers 
& Co. in search of information regarding their 
failure, he was unable to gain entrance to the 
establishment, but was referred to their law- 
yers. They informed him that the fa. F. Myers 
Co., the Olympic Cycle Co. and the Self-Heal- 
ing Tire Co. were three separate and distinct 
organizations and that the Olympic Co. was 
not affected financially by the failure of S. F. 
Myers & Co., as the only connection between 
them was that Mr. Myers held stock in the 
Olympic Co. 

Mr. Hollingsworth, manager of the Olympic 
Cycle Co., when interviewed, said that the 
company was entirely solvent, that their as- 
sets were several times larger than their 
liabilities, and that their business was in no 
way affected by the failure of the Myers Co. 
This is said to be also true of the Self-Healing 
Tire Co., of which S. F. Myers & Co. were only 
distributing agents, according to the lawyers' 
statement. 

It is reported that the Myers Company owe 
the Telegram Company $26,000, and Meisel- 
bach, of Milwaukee, $56,000. 



1896. 



THIS IS A REAL FAILURE. 

John R. Hardin was appointed permanent 
receiver for the Liberty Cycle Company by 
Vice-Chancellor Emery, of Newark, on Tues- 
day. He will conduct the business of the cor- 
poration in turning out bicycles, under the di- 
rection of the Chancery Court, and has given 
bonds in the sum of $200,000 to guarantee the 
faithful performance of his trust. 

On July 31 the first application for a receiver 
was made by W. F. Wilson, treasurer and sec- 
retary of the company, who alleged that the 
corporation was insolvent. At that time Vice- 
Chancellor Emery named Mr. Hardin as tem- 
porray receiver, and granted an order to show 
cause why the receiver should not take charge 
permanently. The order was made returnable 
Tuesday. Mr. Hardin testified that the open 
accounts with creditors amounted to $47,- 
786.62, while there were bills payable outstand- 
ing amounting to $131,108.85, making the total 
indebtedness $178,895.47. To meet this, the re- 
ceiver testified, there were bills receivable 
amounting to but $60,608.13, and the two 
plants. Both factories contain valuable ma- 
chinery, which, however, would be greatly de- 
preciated if removed or disposed of under a 
forced sale. Estimates fix the value of the 
Rockaway plant at $40,000, while the Bridge- 
port plant is set down as being worth $30,000. 
There is considerable unfinished material on 
hand, which when turned out as completed ma- 
chines would net probably $30,000 more. 



GREYHOUND STILL IN THE LEASH. 

A voluntary petition of insolvency was regis- 
tered on August 11 by the Greyhound Bicycle 
Mfg. Co., of Brookfield, Mass. This action on 
the part of the company is a result of the cred- 
itors' meeting at Worcester July 28, when a 
committee of five was appointed to make an 
investigation of the affairs of the company 
and report at a meeting of the creditors to be 
called. Since that time no meeting has been 
held, and the company decided to go into in- 
solvency voluntarily. The company was pe- 
titioned into insolvency by the Hunt Mfg. Co., 
of Westboro, a creditor, on July 18, this peti- 
tion being returnable on Tuesday, September 
1. The petitioner is a creditor of the company 
for $109.60 for saddles furnished it, and in its 
petition alleges that the company made a 
fraudulent transfer of its property on July 17 
to William A. Moody, of Brookline, as as- 
signee for the benefit of certain creditors. 
There are also about fifteen attachments on 
the property of the company. Now that volun- 
tary proceedings have been begun, the involun- 
tary petition will probably be dismissed when 
the case comes up on September 1, and as- 
signees will be appointed at the first meeting 
of the creditors on that date. A schedule of 
liabilities and assets will be filed by the com- 
pany before that time. 



GROWN TIRED STRUGGLING. 

The business of W. G. & F. G. Shack, the 
Buffalo dealers, has not been interfered with 
by the several executions against them, in the 
hands of the Sheriff. They hope to be able 
to pay off the claims and avert the sale. 

The first executions are in favor of the 
American Dunlop Tire Company for $262 92, 
and another in favor of the Hartford Cycle 
Company, for $71 89. 

Since these were filed with the Sheriff 
others have been added to the list. They 
are as follows: 

Lewis N. Lukens, $90 04; Charles A. For- 
bush, $37 45; the Sager Manufacturing Com- 
pany, $212 04; Joseph Cushman, $34 50. 



FOR CREDITORS' BENEFIT. 

W. D. Hodger, a cycle dealer at 1,024 Con- 
necticut avenue, Washington, D. C, assigned 
last week to Rudolph W. Bishop for the bene- 
fit of his creditors. The assets are about 
$3,600, liabilities $3,300. He handled the Lib- 
erty and Gladiator cycles. 



ON THE OUTSIDE AT LOUISVILLE. 

Within the meet there were three meetings, 
all of moment and full of public interest. 

The first, that of the L. A. W. Membership 
Committee, considered the case of Tinsdale— 
E. J. Tinsdale, who, it is generally believed, 
played the wolf in sheep's clothing and at- 
tempted to betray the New York Division into 
the hands of its then enemies, the railroads. 
The full committee was present. Tinsdale was 
not. Instead, he sent a peevish, hair-splitting 
letter in answer to the notice of the trial with 
which he had been served. It was meant to be 
brilliant, but the brilliancy was that of a tal- 
low dip. He wrote that while the notice stated 
that the meeting would be held in the Gait 
House, it did not state in what part of the 
house, and he therefore was at a disadvantage. 
Such farfetchedness as this filled the long let- 
ter. The committee read it, and after listening 
to the testimony of Will R. Pitman and A. G. 
Batchelder, voted to recommend that the Na- 
tional Assembly expel Tinsdale from member- 
ship in the L. A. W. No other witnesses were 
heard. W. W. Watts acted as the New York 
Division's lawyer. 

At the second meeting, that on Thursday 
evening, August 13 — it may be well to record 
the date — the "war" was fought over again. 
It was a veterans' meeting— L. A. W. veterans, 
be it understood — and an idea of Secretary 
Bassett. They met over the tables in the ordi- 
nary of the Gait House, Mr. Bassett presiding 
as toastmaster. There were gray hairs, of 
course, but as a rule the men were all fresh- 
faced and hearty, some of them, Fred Jenkins, 
Ed Croninger, G. M. Allison and J. F. Ives 
among the others, being still so youthful in 
appearance as to stagger belief that they have 
been riding bicycles for "nigh onto twenty 
years." Henry Goodman and Henry Robinson, 
Orville Lawson and L. M. Wainwright, hold 
their years well, but the hairs on their pates 
are thinning or graying, and there are crow's 
feet at the corners of their eyes. Pitman, too, 
insists that he is still young, but his silvery 
shock contrasts strangely with his jet black 
mustache. Twenty-eight veterans sat down to 
the repast. Every one had served his ten years 
in the L. A. W., and though many of their 
names are now known to few, they had served 
the League and borne the brunt of ridicule and 
turned the arrows of prejudice when the cause 
was young— very young. Of the twenty-eight 
it is interesting to note that eleven are more 
than less prominent in the trade to-day. There 
was a deal of good-fellowship, a general call- 
ing up of the past, a few speeches, and finally 
the perfection of an organization. The L. A. W. 
Pioneers it was finally christened, after some 
little argument, the point that twenty years 
hence many of those who may be on the roll 
will not in any sense be pioneers within 
the meaning of the word being swept aside. 
James R. Dunn, Massilon, Ohio, once president 
of the L. A. W. and L. A. W. No. 33, was 
chosen president of the Pioneers; Fred Jenkins, 
No. 21, and long years the League's secretary, 
was made vice-president; George D. Gideon, 
No. 127, whose present is livelier even than his 
past, was elected treasurer, and Burley B. 
Ayres, Chicago, No. 149, and another name 
that brings dead memories to life, was chosen 
secretary. The Pioneers will meet annually. 
To be eligible to membership one must have 
been a member of the L. A. W. for at least ten 
years and escape three adverse votes. 

The third meeting, that of the Racing Board, 
occurred on Friday. It was momentous only 
because of the decision to raise the permanent 
suspension of L. D. Cabanne, the St. Louis 
crack, who, with C. M. Murphy and F. J. Titus, 
were accused and convicted of crooked riding. 
Murphy is already in good order, and Cabanne 
will be after September 1, when the ban will 



be lifted. He was at Louisville and desired to 
appear before the Board, but the Board had 
heard the story so often that they deemed fur- 
ther explanation unnecessary. Cabanne states 
that reinstatement is not all he wants. He 
wants vindication, and will not rest easy till 
he gets it. He vehemently reasserts his inno- 
cence of the charge on which he was punished. 
Mr. Gideon advised him to appeal to the Na- 
tional Assembly, as Murphy had done. 

The Racing Board also considered the case 
of the New York Herald vs. Bald, Cooper and 
Sanger — that of failing to appear at the Her- 
ald race meet after signing a contract. The 
Board decided that there was no cause for ac- 
tion on their part. Ten day.3 before the event 
the three men had notified the Herald of their 
intention not to appear, and as this was what 
the L. A. W. rules require, the Board's course 
was plain. Mr. Gideon said that the apparent 
breach of contract might serve as the basis of 
a civil suit, but with that the League was not 
concerned. 



NO MORE BONUSES. 

Chairman Gideon has issued the following 
special bulletin directed to race promoters: 

The practice of paying certain professional 
riders a bonus for their appearance at race 
meets is believed to be a distinct detriment 
to the sport and calculated to ruin the busi- 
ness both of the men and of the promoters. 
Race promoters, therefore, are required to 
enter into an agreement that they will pay 
nothing whatever, except in prizes, for the 
appearance of any rider. Failure to live up 
to this rule will result in prompt withdrawal 
of sanction, and demands for money for ap- 
pearance by riders themselves will be treated 
under Rule 17. track rules. 



GOOD FOR TRUMAN. 



Late advices from Toledo state that it is 
quite probable that the Truman Bicycle Co. 
will pull through its financial troubles. The ex- 
pert reports that the total liabilities outside of 
the mortgage given the Northern National 
Bank amount to $13,000, which, added to the 
mortgage held by the bank, makes the total 
liabilities a fraction less than $50,000. 

President Knisely of the Northern Bank 
says that the inventory had not been quite 
finished, but he believed the assets would 
show up close to $60,000. 



TASTER WAS TOSSED. 

The fifteen-mile Koster road race at Erie, 
Penn., August 18, brought out eighty-one 
starters. There were six scratch men, the 
greatest handicap being six minutes. William 
Kaiser, of Erie, won first place in 4i'2:liy 2 . J. 
Hoskinson, of Conneaut, Ohio, was second, and 
A. D. Beckman third. A. P. Taster was seri- 
ously injured in a collision. 



Proper guidance of a wheel is a tripartite 
affair. Steering should be divided between 
employment of the hands, the weight of the 
body and the correct use of the pedals. 

Old clothes and an old wheel are a wiser 
combination than new apparel and a machine 
fresh from the crate. 

Manhattan Beach was talked of at Louis- 
ville as a possible place for the '97 moot. 



FIRE FINISHED THEM. 

Worcester, Mass , Aug. 18. — Fire occurred last night in 
the building occupied by the Decker Cycle Company, 
which was to have been sold to-day at mortgagee's sale. 
The upper floors, occupied by litis plant, were ruined, in- 
volving a loss of between $8,000 and $10,000, the total loss 
being estimated at ^MXlXHi Another occupant of the build- 
ing who will sutler heavily by water, is the Bay State 

Cycle Company. 



3 2 



August 21 





YCLES 
LTFOR 

5INESS 



CLIPPER BICYCLES 



Have proven themselves pthe equal of any make yet produced. 
There are three grades of these wheels, all made by the same firm 
and under the same nameplate. Each grade is guaranteed to be 
just as represented, and worth the price asked. The Clipper 
Light Roadster has and does command a higher net price than 
two of the three best advertised bicycles made. It is a well- 
known fact that this wheel is one of the very best bicycles built. 
Clipper Roadster is a strictly high-grade wheel, but sold at a lower 
price, owing to the cheaper finish. Business Clipper is a medium- 
grade sold at the lowest possible price at which a thoroughly reliable 
bicycle can be made and sold at a profit. If you buy Clipper 
Bicycles and expect less than we claim, you'll be disappointed. We 
give you the worth of your money. We cannot do more in justice 
and fairness to ourselves, nor can any other maker. Remember that. 



Kindly mention The Wheel 



MADE 




PIDS (YCL 




There are other good tires, but 
none are better than Straus Tires, 
and you all know it. 



NEWTON RUBBER WORKS, 
Newton Upper Falls, Mass. 



Kindly mention^The Wheel when writing. 



1896. 




33 




Copyright, 1896, by F. P. Prial. 

PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY. 

P. P. PRIAIi, Proprietor. 



Publication Offices: 

88 W. B'way, New York. 
Post Office Address: 

Box 444, New York. 



Western Offices: 

934 Monadnock Block, 
Wheel Phone : Chicago. 
No. 3775 Cortlandt. 



Cable Address: " Prial," New York. 

Subscription, $2.00 a year. Single Copies, 10c. 
Foreign Subscription, 20s. a year. 

ORDERS FILLED BY ALL NEWSDEALERS. 

Advertising.— The Wheel has the largest and 
the broadest general circulation among cycle 
riders, the cycle trade and kindred trades. 
Advertising rates on application. 

Editing and Managing Staff. 

F. P. Prial, F. A. Egan, R. G. Betts, 

J. J. Prial, W. D. Callender, W. V. Belknap, 

T.I.Lee, L. Geyler, J. W. Holman. 

A. T. Merrick, Illustrator? 

Notice to Advertisers. 

WHEEL ADVERTISERS are notified that change of 



not guaranteed, unless copy is received 
by Saturday morning. 

THE CASE EXACTLY AS IT IS. 

BEREFT of the glasses of prejudice the 
eyes of the unbiassed student of the situ- 
ation cannot but see that the trade outlook 
is not in the least discouraging. True, people 
are not spending money freely, but they are 
still ready to buy good wheels at anything 
near what they consider the true value of the 
wheels to be, and, on the whole, there is no 
reason to expect a reduced demand for wheels 
to occur. 

Politics have a more or less disturbing effect 
on all trades, that of cycle selling least of any, 
however. This is always the case. Business 
men in all branches of trade seldom make 
new ventures in times of political turmoil and 
hurrah. They wait until the excitement has 
ceased, and then act according to the judg- 
ment at the time. 

But politics will not cause one cycle less to 
be ridden in '97 than was ridden in '96. The 
veriest pessimist will not gainsay this. In 
fact, a man should not be called optimistic 
if he declared that the usual increase in the 
number of cycles sold next year would be in 
keeping with what its average increase has 
been during the last five years. We do not 
say the outlook for '97 promises to be as much 
of a boom year as '96 did in the beginning, 
but we do say that the present outlook for 
next season is one which is far more likely to 
be carried out to a finality than was the over- 
roseate one of '96. 

The wheel trade has gone through the worst 
of its "bad time," the "boom" element has 
been eliminated at some expense and much 
discomfort to the trade and those interested 
in its success and welfare. To-day we are on 
the solid rock bottom, safe in that and sure 
to depart therefrom only by the sure and slow 



methods of conservative business methods. 

The barnacles and leeches have been re- 
moved by the certain scraper of trade de- 
pression. The result means plain sailing for 
the year to come. Where business has been 
conducted on businesslike methods the cycle 
trade to-day stands head and shoulders over 
any other line of manufacturing interests; 
where it was not so planned and followed the 
assignees are now winding up their labors. 

The way to look at the present condition of 
affairs is this: The mere fact that a concern 
has been doing a living business through the 
last year is proof of its strength. The weak 
or incompetent concerns have been or soon 
will be shaken out. Those who have weath- 
ered the gale will be stronger than before— 
unless they lose courage on the very thresh- 
old of better times and neglect to clinch 
their hard-won advantage. Now, of all times, 
is the opportunity to make vigilance and pa- 
tience and tact pay large dividenrs. 

All that is needed is courage, confidence and 
judgment. Dull times are not so very hard 
upon manufacturers of real strength, because 
they have fewer competitors than in flush 
times. Lack of competition helps out the old 
concerns, and gives them a chance to rise 
above the reach of future rivals. Hence the 
maker who is doing only a fair business now 
should feel satisfied — encouraged. It would 
be utter folly to sit down and let things drift 
until times pick up. When the better times 
come they will bring a flood of new enter- 
prises to divide trade. Now is the golden op- 
portunity for existing manufacturers to 
strengthen their positions and be on the crest 
of the coming wave. It does not so much 
matter when the wave arrives. The vital 
thing is to be awake and ready for it when 
it does come, as it surely will. 

Once more we declare the outlook for '97 
should not be regarded other than favorable 
to those concerns who have made and sold 
bicycles according to the laws of trade, which 
laws govern the cycle trade no less surely 
than they do other industries. 



TIME FOR A CHANGE. 

THE last perspiring racer has crossed the 
tape; the dregs of hurrah, hiccough and 
alleged hilarity have been drained; the final 
handshake and goodby have been given and 
accepted. The League meet of '96 has ceased 
to exist, and been buried with its illustrious 
forefathers and those of its forebears which 
were not illustrious. Of the dead naught but 
good should be spoken; of the yet unborn 
either good or bad may be prophesied with 
none to say the prophet nay. It is of the un- 
born we would speak. 

While yet the wearisome wrangle of who 
shall get the meet plum of '97 has not be- 
come a burning question, we would again 
urge upon those who control our Leagual 
destinies the wisdom of abandoning such 
gatherings altogether, or else the conducting 
of them upon different and more sensible 
lines. 

The League has grown to be a vast and un- 



wieldy assemblage of individuals bound to- 
gether by the thinnest of sentimental and 
dollar-per-annum cords. To ask of a mem- 
bership so weakly held together an annual 
pilgrimage to places far from the mem- 
bers' homes is to put upon the already over- 
weak cord a tension it is not wise to subject 
it to. No matter what else the result may be 
it cannot be a success, and failing of such 
makes it eligible to abandonment or radical 
change. 

Knowing, while the former course is the 
wiser one and the one ultimately to be adopt- 
ed, that the time is not yet ripe for abandon- 
ment, we pass to the second alternative, that 
of a change in the form of the annual gath- 
ering of the League, and urge that it in fu- 
ture be a sectional affair. Let the country be 
divided into, say, Eastern, Western and 
Southern divisions; let each of these sections 
hold its annual meet when and where the 
majority of its League officers may elect, and 
the result will be to the advantage of all con- 
cerned. This is what should be done, and 
done now, though we have small hope of its 
being brought about until a continuation of 
the present faulty system makes change an 
absolute necessity. 



AGENTS MUST ACT. 

IT IS safe to say that the prime cause of 
each and every failure recorded in this 
issue can be attributed to the withdrawing 
of loans and the refusal of banks to take 
time paper that in other times would be 
solicited. It is well known that these rea- 
sons are now making trouble for almost every 
concern in the country. The exigencies of 
this political campaign are very great, though 
after the storm is over there is sure to be bet- 
ter sailing. A good many stanch firms have 
done a long list of favors for the retailers and 
agents who handle their wheels. 

They have refrained from pushing for the 
money that has been overdue, they have ex- 
tended paper, and given privileges that have 
been sometimes of vital importance to the re- 
tailer. Probably not one-tenth of the retail- 
ers are not under some moral obligation of 
this sort to the manufacturers whose wheels 
they handle. 

This is the time to show their solid appre- 
ciation of this kind of treatment. The manu- 
facturers have to look to their goods this fall 
to pay the running expenses of their factories 
for the next six months. The banks and 
money loaners are drawing in their money as 
fast as possible. The manufacturer who can 
borrow now is hardly in need of borrowing. 
This class of men is small, however. The 
greater part of the manufacturers are con- 
stant borrowers. Cut off from this source of 
help now they must look to the retailers to 
pay up promptly their accounts. 

On their part retailers and agents should 
press their collections with greater vigor than 
ever before. Prompt collect ions on (heir pari 
will enable many a good concern to pull 
through and will save not only (he makers 
but the retail cycle trade from demoralization. 



34 



AugUSt 21 



HERE IS THE SCARECROW. 



THE Jabberwock is a fearsome beast, par- 
ticularly so when he hails from Japan. 
That the timid voter may be duly impressed 
by all of this, it is now stated that a cycling 
Jabberwock is on his way to this country, 
and that he is composed of a full hundred 
bicycles, which are expected to knock the 
bottom clean out of the American cycle trade. 
This is what the political drumbeaters are 
crying, so, of course, it must be true. 

"While the Japanese Consul, Kyujiro Miya- 
gawa, declared to the WHEEL that the only 
bicycles made in Japan sold readily there for 
$54 each, and from their crudeness would not 
bring one-fifth that sum in this country; 
while United States Minister Dunn, after 20 
years' residence in Japan, has said no Japan- 
ese-made bicycle could be sold in this coun- 
try at any price, and the WHEEL'S corres- 
pondent in Tokio has borne this statement 
out, politics demands the appearance of a 
Japanese bicycle just at this time, to be used 
as a Jabberwock to frighten credulous voters 
and cycle manufacturers who had been slow 
to respond to the fat-fryer, and so we have 
this mythical American order for a hundred 
Japanese bicycles heralded throughout the 
columns of the daily papers. 

It is useless to argue with a politician or a 
partisan, and the former is invariably one of 
the latter, so to point out again the absurdity 
of this Japanese canard would be a sheer 
waste of time and space. As Jabberwocks 
go this is a pretty fair specimen, yet the poli- 
tician pays a poor compliment to the intelli- 
gence of the voter if he expects him to believe 
this ludicrous scarecrow is a living, breathing 
issue and worthy of influencing his vote in any 
manner whatsoever. 



Our friends the collegians are again growing 
restive under the restraining hand of the L. 
A. W. From the quiet of academic shades 
they view the outside world with a feeling akin 
to contempt. They see a thousand things 
which in their great wisdom they think need 
correcting and improving. The League and its 
methods of controlling racing are some of these. 
Nothing if he is not self-assurant, our col- 
legian again sets himself to the (to him) easy 
task of overturning the League; he will have 
none of it in his racing, not he; he will run his 
own races as he pleases and how he pleases. 
The task is somewhat larger than the col- 
legian thinks; this he will discover if he pro- 
ceeds to carry out his threats. College men 
come and go, but the League, brooklike, goes 
on forever. Stronger interests than colleges 
have attacked the League and failed to either 
kill or conquer it. The League is not perfect; 
neither is the* collegian; but the League has 
age and experience, both of which the collegian 
lacks, and in a fight to a finish these qualities 
will land the cycle organization winner. 



Leaving aside all questions of the edi- 
torial's soundness or it s correctness, we 
must decline to support President Elliott 
when, acting as Editor Elliott, he de- 
votes any portion of the League's offi- 



cial organ to politics. It was never the in- 
tention of the League that its official organ 
should be used to disseminate the political 
opinion of its editor any more than his re- 
ligious or ethical beliefs. Such matters are 
entirely foreign to the intent which caused 
the establishment of "The Bulletin," and 
Editor Elliott's intrusion of politics into the 
League is an unwarranted impertinence de- 
serving of the strongest kind of protest from 
every member of the League of American 
Wheelmen. We want our sport and our poli- 
tics each by themselves, and no good can 
come to either when any attempt to mix them 
is made. Editor Elliott has made a serious 
mistake which President Elliott should have 
prevented. 



Of the seventeen League meets ten have 
been held in the East. The first meef favored 
Newport, R. I., the attendance being com- 
puted at 400. At the Boston meet in 1886 
the first bicycle show was held at the Me- 
chanics' Building. It was calfcsd the 
"Cycleries" (the name being brought from 
England), and was made successful through 
the efforts of the Boston Bicycle Club and 
particularly through the energy of J. S. Dean. 
The meets have always been most successful 
when held in small towns. A League meet 
can make no impression in a big city, but a 
small town practically gives itself up to a 
thing of that kind. All the inhabitants keep 
within doors during the testification, and the 
police are turned out to 



It is rumored that not a few of the recent 
transatlantic trade travellers spent much of 
their time in studying the English stock mar- 
ket, rather than the foreign bicycle market. 
It is, in fact, breathed about that some Amer- 
ican companies have been unloaded on the 
British public. If such is the case, we must 
congratulate our countrymen on their enter- 
prise and cleverness. The English public has 
shown an octopus appetite for cycle com- 
panies, and a few American corporations 
more or less will not make any difference to 
their present capacious maw. 



Stories are travelling back across the At- 
lantic to the effect that certain Americans 
are loitering over on the nether brink of the 
ocean in a sadly dilapidated condition, that 
is, financially speaking. The phrase "dead 
broke" is connected with their names. They 
are hovering about the docks, looking for 
good Americans to pay their passage home. 
Among them are some of the adventurers of 
the bicycle trade— men who make it a point 
to go "dead broke" at regular periods. It is 
their profession. 



The wheel has come into the life of civiliza- 
tion as a means of locomotion and a source 
of recreation and pleasure, and it must be 
recognized as one of the institutions of the 
time. It may be superseded by something 
else, but it is difficult to conceive of any- 
thing that can take its place, and it is cer- 
tain that nothing will for some years to 
come. 



Study closely and you will be surprised to 
see the extent to which the personality of 
the head of a cycle establishment really fig- 
ures in the establishment's success or failure. 
John Stuart Mill, the great political econo- 
mist, appreciated this when he said: "Hardly 
any two dealers in the same trade, even if 
their commodities are equally good and 
equally cheap, carry on their business at the 
same expense, or turn over their capital in the 
same time." 



Unless becauses it harmonizes with the 
black enamelled frame of the bicycle, how or 
why black leather came to be generally adopt- 
ed for cycle saddles is difficult to understand. 
The stain is, for want of a better term, high- 
ly transferrible, and is satisfactory only to 
the comparative few who wear dark clothing, 
or who are interested in scouring establish- 
ments. It is time the trade realized the fact. 
The russet saddle should be the standard, as 
in the old days. 



The mahogany-tinted manufacturers in Yo- 
kohama maite bicycles for nothing and sell 
them for less than that. They are going to 
land a few of these wheels in the United 
States. If any of these dark-tinted mer- 
chants would spend about a day in New-York 
they would keep their bicycles at home. 
By putting them on the American market at 
this time they are simply favoring the col- 
lection agencies. 



After all, the League meet contests are the 
filters of the American speed world. It's con- 
tests are a kind of litmus paper. Distinguish- 
ing without a peradventure the alkali of suc- 
cess, or the acid of failure. Its decisions are 
without appeal. 



Even the mercury in the thermometer has 
got the century making craze; it has been 
scoring hundreds right along for the past 
week. 



The new dollar bill is pretty enough, but to 
be really up to date Columbia should have 
been teaching her young son to ride the bicy- 
cle. 



There are several unpardonable business 
sins, and unnecessary price cutting is one of 
them. 



She who is not a lady when on a wheel is 
not one when in the drawing-room or in the 
church. 



It is the man without a bicycle who is most 
certain cycling is a failure. 



The cycle parade has completely sup- 
planted the century run. 



The strength of a wheel is the strength of 
its weakest part. 



A wheel that is not altogether good 
together bad. 



1896. 



35 



AFTER THE BATTLE. 



"Howdy!" said Cooper, showing in his form 
of greeting his recent association with ma- 
jors and colonels of the South. "Back at 
the old stand again, you see. Been a little 
bit longer getting here this year than I was 
last, but what's the difference, so long as 
you finally get on top, eh? I'm just going to 
settle myself comfortably up here and watch 
those fellows down below there try to do me 
out of the place. I ain't going to sleep 
though; pleasant as this top rung is, it is a 
mighty poor place to sleep on; it isn't very 
big, and you are liable to fall off and land 
clean down there among the 'also rans' be- 
fore you wake up. Say, wasn't it a red-hot 
dust up all of us fellows had at Louisville? 
Seems to me I never saw them come harder 
and faster in my life. Ride? Why, say, you 
had to fly if you wanted to get one, two 
three in those finishes. Every blessed one of 
them was a ride for your life, and no mis- 
take, I tell you. Why, crackerjacks of last 
year, bless you, couldn't even win the privi- 
lege of starting in a final, much less that of 
winning one. Are the men riding as fast as 
they did last year? Sure! A blamed sight 
faster, too, but the game's harder, the gait 
speedier, and the fields larger; that's why a 
'95 crackerjack is a '96 'also ran.' Climbing 
this blamed old ladder was tiresome enough 
last year, but it wasn't a marker to what 
you have got to do this year, even to hold 
down one of the bottom rungs on it." 

Having delivered himself of this opinion, 
which, by-the-by, is not an exaggerated one, 
the monarch of ladderdom cast a satisfied eye 
over the gentlemen beneath him, sighed soft- 
ly to himself, and assumed the contented 
look of a man who had moved into old quar- 
ters for a protracted stay therein. 

"I'm too tired to talk," Gardiner said, when 
he saw the Ladderman, and his notebook. 
"This racing is a good thing, an awful good 
thing, sometimes, but when you get it day 
in and day out, on good tracks and bad, in 
pleasant weather and the reverse, you almost 
wish, sometimes, that you had never learned 
to ride a wheel a little bit faster than some 
other fellow can ride one. Don't think I'm 
■ sore because I ain't squatting up there where 
Cooper is; he didn't get there without riding 
for it, you can bet on that. I haven't any 
kick coming, nor am I going to let up trying 
to get right back where I came from. What 
chances do I think I have, eh? Well, I have 
better ones than some others who have got to 
win more before they can get up there on top, 
and the best of the others has at least got 
to beat two before he can expect to land 
on top. But what's the good of talking? A 
fellow's only wasting wind doing that, and 
in this game you can't do much of that, I 
tell you." 

And Gardiner showed that what he said 
was true. A racing man's life, bright as it 
seems to the comfortable onlooker in the 
grandstand, is one that only few can live 
through and hope to attain any sort of promi- 
nence. Ladder-climbing is no sinecure, noth- 
ing for weaklings or faint hearts to tackle 
with the expectation of easily and luxuriously 
attaining fame and fortune. 

"It is harder work winning stakes than it is 
cutting steaks. I've tried both, and I ought to 
know," declared Bald when asked to speak 
his little piece. "Say, I never rode harder in 
my life than I did at Louisville; never tried to 
get up a rung or two higher than during the 
last week, and yet the best I could do was to 
get six points and a decision. Oh, yes; this is 
a dead easy game, I don't think! Sort of a 
nice lawn tennis-croquet sort of a snap, may- 
be. Let me see, thirty-three from forty-three— 
that leaves ten, don't it? Ten points— that's 



X 



three firsts and a second to land on top, ain't 
it? Well, that's a good many at this stage of 
the game, particularly when you have got to 
count on the fellow up top not doing a thing 
while you're winning. Am I going to try for 
them? Sure! Why not? Come around next 
week, and I'll tell you what luck I have." 

Then the king of '95 seemed to lapse into a 
series of calculations which, while they called 
for frequent looks upward, did not seem to de- 
mand any further conversation with the Lad- 
derman, who passed on to where Lawyer-of- 
the-Future Ziegler, in meditation most pro- 
found, was perched upon rung No. 4. 

"Haven't you got anything else to do 
but to come around here asking me 
questions?" was the opening for the de- 
fence. "Seems to me you want to be 
both judge and jury of this racing game, ex- 
pecting all of us fellows to tell you every 
blamed thing we know. Why didn't I do some- 
thing last week? Well, I'll tell you a secret. 
I didn't try; I was chasing myself around that 
Fountain Ferry track to shake my liver up a 
little, that's all. Wasn't I trying to win? Of 
course not; just exercising, same as all the 
other fellows who didn't win anything were. 
Dear me! You don't think I was trying to win, 
do you? Yes! Well, what a soft mark you 
are!" 

Then it dawned upon the Ladderman that 
the Californian was indulging in sarcasm at 
the writer's expense, and he left to call upon 
the great Zim's namesake, McFarland, who, 
fallen from his former high estate, gazed 
gloomily at the near approach of danger only 
a few rungs below. 

"What do you want to bother me for?" he 
said. "I've got troubles enough without hav- 
ing you tagging after me all the time trying 
to get me to say something for you to put into 
print. Go talk to Sanger; ask him about that 
'touch' he got in Louisville, and you'll hear 
something." 

"Touched?" said the big fellow. "Oh, you 
mean that purloining of a beggarly few hun- 
dred dollars? Really, I had forgotten that, 
don't you know? Yes, some poor devil was 
hard up, needed money pretty badly, and all 
that sort of thing, and he did borrow— let me 
see, $250, I think it was— from me in Louis- 
ville, forgetting to ask me if I was willing. If 
that is what you call being 'touched' I was 
'touched.' But why give such little things as 
that so much publicity, I'd like to know? 
Want to congratulate me on my placing my 
wooden shoes on the rungs, eh? You're very 
kind, I'm sure; and now that I have started 
climbing I don't mind telling you that, wooden 
shoes or no wooden shoes, I'm not going to 
stay down here in all this smoke and confu- 
sion. I think I'd like it better if I was a bit 
higher up." 

In the news columns of this issue appears in 
detail the story of the ladder-climbers' suc- 
cesses and failures in a fashion mere figures 
and a ladder cannot hope to compete with. It 
is a story replete with descriptions of the 
greatest struggle between the greatest riders 
America has ever seen, and the Ladderman 
confides the reader to the mercies of the man 
who saw it. 

Points are based upon the racer's wins on 
the National Circuit only. A win counts three 
points, a second two points, and a third one 
point. The present ladder shows the men as 
they have climbed up to and including the 
National meet at Louisville on August 13, 14 
and 15. 



ALSO RANS. 

The following are the men on the National 
Circuit whose wins have been sufficient to 
score for them ten points and over: Stevens, 
27; Coulter, 27; Parker, 17; Clark, 16; J. Co- 
burn, 15; Tom Butler, 13; W. Coburn, 13; 
Baker, 11; Mertens, 11; Becker, 10; Kimbel, 
10. 



A Parisian paper figures it out this way: 
There are 10,000,000 cyclists in the entire 
world. Each Sunday at least halt" of them 
ride on an average 20 kilometres. The grand 
total is then 100,000,000 kilometres, or 2,500 
times around the world. 



36 



August 21, 



SUCCESSFUL SEVENTEENTH. 



THE SOUTH SHOWED THE LEAGUE SHE WAS AS HOSPITABLE AS HAD 
BEEN CLAIMED FOR HER. 



Never Before Had the I*. A. W. Punch by the Bathtubful— For a Full Week the Entertainment 
Was Unflagging— Racing-, Watermelons, Button Chasing, Excursions, Hob-Nobbing 
Banqueting, I/obbying, and a Hundred Other Diversions All Com- 
bine to Make the Affair Successful. 



Louisville, Aug. 14.— Everything indicated 
that this League meet would be done a thor- 
ough brown, and it was. 

The men were a bedraggled lot. Men in 



«> 



shirt sleeves were common; men devoid of 
neckties, and with the top bottom of their 
negligee shirts unfastened were almost as 
numerous; some were stretching decency in 
their efforts to keep cool. This evening in 
the dining-room of the Gait House, I sat op- 
posite two of them. They were in cycling 
garb, and coatless. They wore red jerseys 
unlaced half-way down the front. If they 
wore undershirts they were of the invisible 
sort. The exposure of muscular but swel- 
tering flesh made the ice-cream melt. 

The women were in striking contrast. Of 
course, none of them would dream of un- 
lacing — that is to say, they are cool-appear- 
ing to-day and refreshing. The streets are 
full of them. Nearly all affect light colors 
and light textures. Heat seems to torture 
not. They hold their heads high, walk 
proudly, and if they boil, they boil within. 

One of the peculiarly striking things about 
Louisville, and it results from its Southern 
location and qualities, is its restfulness. As 
a man from Toledo put it: "All this is really 
rest for me. It's atrociously hot, to be sure, 
but how slow, restful, life-enjoying the people 
are. After the bustle and ding-dong of the 
Middle and Northern cities it's a relief to the 
senses to observe the slowly moving people 
on the streets, each and every man evidently 
realizing the fact that this is the best world 
he ever lived in, and he intends to get a little 
something besides work out of it." There's a 
deal of philosophy in this, and to any man 
whose business habitually brings him where 
the candle is burned at both ends all of the 
time, Louisville, heat and all, is a vacation for 
mind and body. 

And the black folks! What would a South- 
ern city be without its quota of the thought- 
less, happy folk that are content whether the 
next meal be an assured fact or a mere hope, 
so long as the last one was square and ful- 
some. It is a revelation to the untramelled 
Northerner to visit the river wharves and 
view the small army of glistening blacks 
lounging and lying in easy attitudes in every 
shady spot. 

I came down with a party of which Stillman 
Whittaker, wit-at-large, was a prominent 
member. Every one knows "Whit," and 
every one also knows that he is as appre- 
ciative of a joke, whether on himself or the 
other fellow, as the next man. Outside the 
depot he was accosted by the usual number 
of colored porters, hotel-runners and baggage- 
men. Whittaker must have looked the finan- 
cier of the party, for he was the man in de- 



mand. The most aggressive chap of the lot, a 
lineal descendant of some ex-African king 
probably, for he seemed a leader of his mates, 
suggested the party stop at some little hotel 
near by, mentioning, as a special inducement, 
that there would be music each day of the 
races. 
"What races?" inquired Whit. 




poses. It comes from the Ohio River, and is 
as muddy almost as a hog wallow. 

Sterling Elliott, the president of the 
League, is here. He looks sweet and clean 
as he saunters around the corridor in crash 
clothes, but he confided to me that he 
wanted a bath. 

"I looked at that water," he said, "and 
couldn't go it. I used a towel, but I'm going 
to bribe a hallboy into bringing me some 
clear water or lose my fortune in the at- 
tempt." 

If the heat will but moderate, signs are 
not wanting that this, the seventeenth an- 
nual meet, will do its promoters proud. It 
is the first time that an effort has been made 
to carry a programme from one week's end 
to another. 

This glad hand was extended in hearty 
fashion at "headquarters." 

Ordinarily, headquarters is — whisper it low- 
ly — a young ladies' seminary. It is rather 
the worse for wear, but to-day its flaking 
paint is well hidden by huge streamers and 
festoons of bright-hued bunting and by signs 
breathing welcome. Stairs lead from the 
sidewalk to either end of the porch. At the 
foot of one flight an officer of the law — a 
policeman — is on duty. When I approached 
this afternoon he was busy, very busy. He 
was seated in a chair, his coat unbuttoned, 
his legs crossed, his face buried deep in a 
newspaper. He was rudely disturbed by a 
call from indoors. An Omaha jag was slop- 
ping over and required attention. 



"What races! Why, golly, boss, the bicycle 
races, of course." 

"The bicycle races! Why, Mose, we don't 
want any of your bicycle races. We ain't 
here for fun. We're here to boom free silver. 
We're going to give you people free coinage at 
sixteen to one." 

Quick as a flash came the answer: "Sixteen 
to one! I know what that means, boss. Dat 
means sixteen dollars for the white man and 
one for the nigger!" 




And the mule! He's here, of course. 
Wherever the negro is plentiful there will 
the mule be found. It's a queer sight to 
strange eyes to see street cars drawn by the 
patient, plodding, long-eared beasts. 

The Louisville hotels are good, both as to 
meals and appointment, that is to say, all 
but the water— that Used for bathing pur- 



The officer is a fair type of the Louisville 
policeman. They all saunter along in lack- 
adaisical fashion, coats open and with a 
languid air that impresses the visitor from 
the East most unfavorably. 

Within "headquarters" the hospitality is of 
a nature that might shock the supposedly 
demure young ladies who imbibe knowledge 
therein. There is a profusion of bunting and 
flags and ferns, and the visitors who are in 
temporary possession imbibe, but something 
more tangible than knowledge— good old Ken- 
tucky punch. And it is good and as seductive 
as it is good. The first glass begets a desire 
for a second and the second for a third and 
well, it steals so softly o'er one that the 
wonder is there were not more jags than that 
enveloped by Omahaian. And it is served 
here with hospitality that is more than 
princely and from a receptacle that is dis- 
tinctly original. 

When Louisville was fighting for the privi- 
lege of holding this meet the moth-eaten 
connection of Kentucky and corn juice of 
course arose and was the peg for many an 
alleged witticism. 

"Come to Louisville," said one of the Ken- 



I S96. 



37 



[Advertisement.] 



GOOD THINGS ABOUT COLUMBIAN 

A Few Extracts Taken from betters to the 
Pope Manufacturing Com- 
pany. 

"While in Paris last summer during a visit 
to one of their celebrated riding schools I 
asked to see what they considered the finest 
of their wheels. They showed me a number 
of different designs, all specimens of the high- 
est class of workmanship, but when I had 
finished admiring them they brought forth a 
Columbia, and with an enthusiasm not born 
of politeness, said: 'But this is the best of all. 
There is no bicycle equal to the American 
Columbia.' " — George Cayvan. 

Increase in Popularity. 

"Unless I am greatly mistaken the growth of 
bicycling will be very great in Japan during 
the coming year. This means, of course, a 
marked increase in the popularity of the Co- 
lumbia which we all delight to hail." — John A. 
Cockerill, Yokohama, Japan. 

Columbia Lends. 

"Those who ride my wheel say that it rides 

easier than any wheel in town. Two or three 

want to buy it. The Columbia leads."— Rev. 

B. P. Capshaw, Gouldsboro, Me. 

It's All Rialit. 

"The Model 40 is the finest wheel in our city. 
As soon as I planted myself in the saddle I re- 
marked: 'It's all right because it's a Colum- 
bia,' for it fits me as no other machine ever 
did, and runs so easily that I almost seem to 
fly." — Jesse Barker, Humboldt, Kans. 
Easiest Running. 

"I am very much pleased with the Columbia 
wheel, which I think is the most solid and 
easy running wheel around this city." — F. 
Walkley, Montreal, Canada. 

Best in the World. 

"Rode 110 miles Sunday over a terrible road 
with my Model 40, and can say that it is the 
best wheel in the world for a hill climber."— 
W. S. Ford, Ontenagan, Mich. 

Superior Qualities. 

"I must take occasion to congratulate you 

on the superior qualities of your Model 40 over 

other makes of bicycles. The Columbia is the 

wheel for me." — L. C. Wahl, Denver, Col. 

Strength and Durability. 

"It gives me great pleasure to testify to the 
strength and durability of your racing wheel, 
Model 40, ridden by me in the road race here 
yesterday. I can't say too much for the 
wheel."— E. Tyler Smith. Denver Athletic 
Club. 

Columbia. 

"I used to think that the phenomenal suc- 
cess of the Columbia bicycle was due largely 
to the name, but if it is the name that keeps 
my Columbia in perfect condition where other 
wheels are constantly being repaired, I have 
no objection."— L. C. Brown, M. D., Tioga, Pa. 
Is Always a Winner. 

"I would not put my Columbia aside for any 
other wheel on earth. It's always a winner." 
— G. E. Countzler, Sebree, Ky. 

Tbey Are Columbias. 

"There are only three other Columbias in 
my family, and they have given satisfaction, 
which is about the same thing as saying: 
'They are Columbias.' "—Thomas C. Dunn, 
Findlay, Ohio. 

Envied by Others. 

"I have not yet found a weak thing in your 
machines. No wonder they are envied by 
other manufacturers." — A. E. Davenport, 
North Adams, Mass. 

Get a Columbia. 

"If you want the best wheel made get a 
Columbia."— E. J. Stilson, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Pleased Willi His Columbia. 

"To say that I am pleased with ray Colum- 



bia would be drawing it rather mild." — Edson 
Bonsrey, Pittsfield, Mass. 

Accept No Substitute. 

"Get a Columbia — accept no substitutes. 
Take nothing 'just as good,' but get a Model 
40 Columbia. The frame and working parts 
used in a Columbia are incredibly strong for 
the low weight of the machine. -My advice is: 
'Get a Columbia.' "— W. P. Boyle, St. An- 
drews, N. B. 

Older the Better. 

"On the 21st day of April, 1895, it being my 
sixty-sixth birthday, I bought me a second- 
hand bicycle. It was the first time I ever got 
on a wheel, and in less than four weeks I took 
twenty mile trips often. After riding two 
months I bought a Columbia. It fairly ran 
away with me, and I now regret not having 
commenced sooner. Never too old to learn. 
The older you are the more need you have of 
a wheel.'' — John H. Brown, Waltham, Mass. 



RECENT COLUMBIA VICTORIES. 

At Rome, July 5 and 6, Von Gammon won 
the one-mile championship and one-half-mile 
open. Gus Johnson won the one-half-mile 
novice. West and Von Gammon won the one- 
mile tandem — all on Columbias. 

At Providence, R. I., August 1, Messrs. 
Devlin and Hanson broke the world's one- 
quarter mile record on a Columbia tandem. 
Time, 26 1-5 seconds. 

At Danielsville, Conn., August 1, F. A. 
Blanchord won the one-mile open on a Colum- 
bia. 

At Providence, R. I., August 6, Fred Devlin 
made two State records — unpaced flying start, 
one-quarter-mile; time, 29 3-5 seconds; one- 
mile flying start, unpaced, 2:20 1-5, on a Co- 
lumbia. 

At Wood River, August 8, W. H. Roland 
won the one-half mile handicap and one-mile 
open on a Columbia. 




Seventeen Branch Houses and Stock Companies 
under our direct control are located as follows: 



BRANCH HOUSES 



200 Boybton Street, Boston, Mass. 

12 Warren Street, New York 
291 Wabash Avenue, Chicago 
609 Main Street, Buffalo, N. Y. 

32 East Avenue, Rochester, N. Y. 
420 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburg, Pa. 



19 Grand River Avenue, Detroit, Mich. 
124 Mathewson Street, Providence, R. I. 
452 Pennsylvania Ave., N. W., Washington 
817 Pine Street, St. Louis, Mo. 
1757-59 St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans 
344 Post Street, San Francisco 



STOCK COMPANIES 

Metropolitan Bicycling Co., Boulevard and 60th Street, New York 

Brooklyn Cycle Co., 555 Fulton Street and 1239-41 Fulton Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Hart Cycle Co., 816 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Eisenbrandt Cycle Co., 311 East Baltimore Street, Baltimore, Md. 

Gano Cycle Co., Denver, Col. 

At each of the above addresses a complete repair shop is main- 
tained, in charge of men trained in scientific bicycle repairing, and 
thus agents and riders can have quick attention for needed repairs, 
except nickelling— free if under our guarantee, at reasonable prices 
otherwise ; prompt, satisfactory service either way. 

No accounts can be opened for repairs. Send enough cash to 
cover the probable cost ; if too much, the surplus will be promptly 
returned. Or estimates will be cheerfully given. 

POPE MANUFACTURING CO., 

HARTFORD, CONN. 

Stephens & Hickok, Los Angeles, Cal.; Habighorst & Co., Portland, Ore.; and McDonald & 

Wilson, Toronto, Ont.; are also equipped for general repair work and 

autnorized to protect our guarantee. 



3« 



August 



tuckians in retort, "and we'll let you bathe 
in it." 

They have endeavored to keep their word. 

The punch is being dipped from a full- 
length bath tub, and to heighten the effect 
the sign "Soap and Towels Free" stares one 
in the optics. 

For the plebeian there is beer; for the tem- 
perate, lemonade. They are not served from 
bath tubs! 

In the vicinity of the tub are the men 
who are making the meet — Watts, Maxwell, 
Neuhaus, Bacon, Johnson. 

Watts is usually upstairs. Beside him when 
he is seated at his desk a typewriter clicks 
merrily. He does not keep his chair very 
warm, however. He is wanted at the tele- 
phone; he is wanted in the next room; his 
name is wanted on a check. He is kept mov- 
ing. But his full, smooth-shaven face fairly 
radiates good humor and his hand clasp real 
good-fellowship. 

Maxwell, too, is a character. He, too, has a 
full face, likewise a fulness of paunch. In 
his cycling clothes and shirt sleeves, his 
knickerbockers held up by galluses and his 
face fairly shedding perspiration and a desire 
to give every one the gladdest sort of a glad 
hand, he's a whole meet to himself. Bacon 
and Neuhaus and the others are all right, 
but Maxwell — he seems born to it, and if he 
doesn't develop into the king bee of the week 
I miss my guess. 



MEETOGRAPHS. 



"Button!" 

"Button, mister!" 

"Say, mister, gimme er button!" 

Gimme er button! Gimme er button! 

Button! Button! Button! Button! 

Louisville is miles away, but its echoes — the 
echoes of the seventeenth annual meet of the 
L. A. W. — still threaten the stone and timber 
in the "halls of time." 

They are pleasant echoes— most of them. 
There are many, so many that some are 
jumbled and indistinct, but while they live 
that echo, "Button, mister! Mister, gimme er 
button," must blend with each and every one. 

It is at once a day dream and a nightmare. 

"Button, mister! Mister, gimme er button!" 

By day and by night we heard it — aye! saw 
it. We could not leave it if we would. The 
man in cycling garb or one wearing a badge 
or button had but to show himself at the 
hotel window, and instantly "Button, mister! 
Mister, gimme er button!" assailed him. If 
he left the house it followed him. He could 
not dodge it. It lay in wait for him. If he 
turned to the right it was popped out in- 
stanter; if he turned to the left, there, too, it 
popped. If, in desperation, he mounted his 
wheel and sought to shake it off it ran out 
and met him. If he boarded a car it pursued 
him. At every crossing it was "Button, mis- 
ter! Gimme er button!" It pelted him like a 
shower of hail — like a rattle of small arms. 
It smote the ear until the drum quivered. It 
burned into the brain until the brain ached. 

"Button, mister! Gimme er button!" 

If the heads of those who attended the 
meet should be opened, on every brain would 
those words be found branded. There can be 
no doubt about it. One heard the cry until 
almost frantic — until his dreams gave shape 
to it. 

I have not overdone the subject. 

Every one under the age of twelve, and 
many above it, knew nothing else during the 
week. On Monday it was a mere piping; by 
Tuesday it had gathered strength; by Wednes- 
day it was vociferous; by Thursday it was 
epidemic. Black and white were alike af- 
fected. Groups hovered until midnight around 
the hotels" waiting for a victim, and followed 



him as a pack of hounds would' follow their 
prey; they posted themselves along the routes 
most frequented by wheelmen; they lurked in 
every shadow and at every corner; little tots 
scarce past the lisping age stood at their 
home gates and, with chubby hand extended, 
voiced the cry. There was never anything 
like it. No cycle show bawl can compare 
with it. The Louisville children were crazy — 
button crazy. Throw them one of the trifles, 
and ye gods! such a scramble. They pushed 
and pulled and piled over one another and 
fought for the bauble as though it were the 
richest prize ever placed in their way. Happy, 
light-hearted youngsters! 

To the man "who has been there" several 
times, the glamour, the glitter of a League 
meet loses its bedazzlement. He attends not 
so much to partake of the entertainment and 
hospitality the hosts may provide — he seldom 
follows the programme — but rather comes to 



seductive. Its effect recalled that tuneful 
verse concerning love, sung in "The Little 
Tycoon" : 

Love comes like a summer sigh, 

Softly o'er you stealing; 
Love comes and you wonder why- 
One may guess the rest. 

Coming from the hurly-burly of a big city, 
Louisville is a restful place. The residents 
move about. They do not rush and elbow 
each other. The almighty dollar does not 
seem forever reflecting itself in their eyes. 
The streets, as a rule, are clean and well 
paved, a plentitude of asphalt and vitrified 
brick, the latter affording exceptionally fine 
riding. It is twice as "lively" as asphalt. 
There are no cloud-rending, neck-twisting 
buildings, and the homes are homes. Few are 
palatial. All are inviting and attractive. 
Few there are which have not roomy front 
porches and tree-shaded lawns. There are 
trolley-cars, of course, likewise mule-drawn 






"see the town"; to meet new people; to renew 
old acquaintances; to seek new experiences, 
and to have "a good time generally," which 
is, after all, the real intent of these func- 
tions. 

As this was the first occasion on which a 
meet had been held in the South it was bulg- 
ing with such interest to such men. They 
had heard that the Kentucky women and 
Kentucky whiskey were the finest in the 
world — the one always interesting to healthy 
mankind, the other supposed to be so. It is 
a matter of individual fancy regarding both. 
There are fine women, pretty women '-:vei"y- 
where. Every country, every clime, every 
town has its quota. The types differ, that is 
all. Here in Kentucky, and, indeed, through- 
out the entire South, the women are the more 
winsome, perhaps. The heels of their shoes 
are higher, and even on the streets they move 
with that air, that grace, that proudness of 
carriage that such heels, accentuated by high 
breeding, typify the ballroom. Their com- 
plexion is more olive than peaches and cream. 
The blush of the rose, that is, the full red 
rose, is not prevalent, and it is seldom af- 
fected. Paint and powder are not much 
used. Dark hair, dark eyes, long lashes — all 
blendings of the olive skin— are their mark- 
ings. Natural blondes are rare; those chemi- 
cally prepared are few. The Southern woman, 
too, holds herself as high as she carries her- 
self. She is coy, but not flirtatious. I heard 
several real gcod-looking lady-killing visitors 
remark the fact. One glance, perhaps, but 
that is all. Seldom is there a smile or a head- 
turning. She has sorely tried the conceit of 
the "irresistible young man," and, inci- 
dentally, a few fairly old ones. I could name 
some of them. Let it stand to the glory of 
"Old Kaintuck"! 

The whiskey? It is too widely known to re- 
quire notice, but as brewed into the punch — 
the pu:ich which filled the now famous bath- 
tub at "headquarters" — ah, me! It seemed 
a concoction of nectar, a sigh and a few 
dreams, lullabies and dreamy waltz music. It 
tickled the palate, lulled the senses and left 
a moreishness in the mouth that was only 
satisfied by more. Never was drink more 



cars. These latter, and, indeed, the mules, 
generally look inexplicably queer to Eastern 
eyes. The long-eared, slow-moving, patient 
beasts are usually diminutive specimens of 
their kind, and the sight of them drawing 
streetcars is funny to the smiling point. The 
Louisville police are likewise an easy-going 
lot. Physically, they are dwarfed by the 
New-York and Chicago and Eastern and 
Western "cops" generally, and they dawdle 
along or lounge about as if life really was 
one "grand, sweet song." Most of them go 
about with helmet worn askew, and coats 
unbuttoned and flapping in the breeze, when 
there is one. It is letting them down easy to 
say that they must have a- hard task in in- 
spiring terror in any breast. An infusion of 
Roosevelt tonic would improve them im- 
mensely. The first whom I saw was on duty 
at meet "headquarters." He was seated on 
a chair, helmet off, legs crossed and head 
buried in a newspaper. 

The street pumps, too, are picturesque rel- 
ics, but sadly out of place in a city of Louis- 
ville's size and importance. They are the 
superannuated wooden, long-handled affairs 
that have been cast out by almost every go- 
ahead Eastern town of 1,000 inhabitants. 
They, however, give fine water, clear, cold 
and lime-impregnated — quite different from 
the fluid in which the Louisvillians bathe, 
and which has been the amazement of the 
average visitor. On his arrival one of the 
latter turned on the water in the hotel tub. 
He rubbed his eyes and allowed the water 
to drain off. He turned it on again and 
again drained it off. After this had been re- 
peated three times he touched the call but- 
ton. The negro hall boy responded promptly. 

"What's the matter with the water?" asked 
the visitor. ' 

"Nuthin', sah." 

"Nothing? What are you talking about! 
Can't you see it's as dirty as it can be?" 

"No, sah, 'tain't. Dat's its nat'ral color." 

"You don't mean to tell me people bathe in 
that stuff?" 

"Yas, dey do, sah. Its all right. Won't dq 
yo' no ha'm, sah!" 

"Well, I'll be ." 



1896. 



39 



amwmwmm 




TTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT^T 






I READY for 1897 | 



Booking orders now — have been s>ince August 
We offer the best line at correct figures. 



A Superb Line of High-Grades. 

A Superior Line of Medium-Grades. 
A Complete Line of Juveniles. 

Two New Models Tandems. 



We number among our customers the biggest, 
shrewdest houses in America. They are with us 
for life. We have room for a few solid jobbers. We 
are one of the few factories that run twelve months 
each year at full blast. Capacity, 40,000 bicycles. 



TWENTY NEW MODELS NOW ON EXHIBITION AT OUR 

QUARTERS IN THE WELLINGTON HOTEL, CHICAGO. 




KrXOSfJA WIS ^z 



Branch House, 285 Wabash Avenue, Chicago. 

Address all mail to general offices and factories— Kenosha, Wis. 

Kindly mention The Whee 



^4444444444444444444 



C 0^!> 



44444444444444.4.44; 



August 21, 



The water comes from the Ohio River, and 
is almost of the color and consistency of that 
in a hog wallow. Sterling Elliott was among 
those who bribed the hall boy into stealing 
a tub of drinking water for bathing purposes. 

Every one agrees that there was never a 
League meet — certainly not within recent 
years— where a better programme or more 
gratuitous entertainment was provdided by 
the hosts. If the visitor did not have a good 
time he has himself to blame. There was 
variety and enough of it to keep any one 
who desired it "on the jump." 

Louisville should be proud of the handful of 
men who did so well that this may be written 
to the city's credit, for, if the truth be told, 
it was a mere handful. Mention the names of 
Watts, Johnson, Neuhaus, Bacon, Fleck, 
Prince, Wells, Maxwell, Brigman, Craig and 
two or three others and there will be few, if 
any, omissions. 

When the idea of stretching the meet from 
one week's end to the other was first made 
public it was looked upon as a clever scheme 
to benefit the hotels, but the stretching was 
well done and that is enough to say. For 
the first two days, with nothing but runs and 
smokers to attract, it was thought that 
hardly a corporal's guard would be in evi- 
dence, yet, notwithstanding, nearly seven 
hundred names were registered at headquar- 
ters, of which more than half were those of 
out-of-towners. Each day, of course, added 
to the number, until, perhaps, 3,000 cycling 
strangers were within Louisville's gates. The 
East was not particularly well represented, 
and most of the men from that section were 
drawn from the ranks of the trade or of 
League "royalty." The West was here in 
great numbers, equal almost, if not quite, to 
the Southern representation. 

Omaha was here in white duck clothes and 
an awful combination of red, yellow and 
green ribbons, putting in its best licks for the 
'98 meet. They were not particularly de- 
monstrative; en passant, this meet has been 
remarkably free from drunkenness and row- 
dyism. Chicago ran to white flannel and 
pronounced shirt fronts, F. J. Wagner easily 
leading his townsmen. He changed three 
times a day, each front being more pro- 
nounced than the other, and all of the pat- 
terns calculated to induce strabismus. C. G. 
Percival, of Boston, vied with Wagner, but 
in another direction. His ambition ran to 
golf hose, although he did set a new fashion 
for afternoon dress by appearing on the track 
in white duck trousers, Prince Albert coat 
and a drab-colored slouch hat. About every 
one else affected crash. If the new arrival 
had not a suit of that material he usually 
purchased one within twenty-four hours. The 
demand became so brisk that the local stores 
shot up the price from $4 to $5. 

When the Louisvillians were making the 
effort at Baltimore that won them the 
League meet, it will be remembered, the fa- 
mous punch was brewed and bottles of cob- 
webbed Kentucky whiskey were presented 
to the National Assembly delegates. The 
punch brought from one of them a smack, 
a sigh and a remark. A Kentuckian seized 
the opportunity to win a vote. 

"Come to Louisville," he said, "and we 
will let you bathe ir it." 

When the meet was voted to the Southern 
city, a mental memorandum was made of 
the promise. 

When the meet was inaugurated on Mon- 
day of last week, the promise was made 
good. 

In one of the parlors at headquarters was 
a bathtub— a full sized porcelain tub. It 
rested on a raised platform. Over it were 
suspended two horseshoes. On a towel rack 



near it were soap, towels and a sign stat- 
ing that both were free. And within it was 
that punch, enough, yes, more than enough 
of it, to provide a bath. The tub was filled 
almost to the brim. It gave out no fra- 
grance, but no product of the poppy ever 
lulled the senses and wooed the elfins and re- 
pelled the imps as did that amber brew. 

Steward Maxwell — R. F., of his name — pre- 
sided over the tub. Big, dark, round-faced, 
and with an aldermanic paunch, he per- 
formed the duty well. He beamed over with 
cheeriness. Too bad that he should have 
known it so well and been so modest as to 
afterward advertise the fact in print. Max- 
well is in the bicycle business, and used his 
space in the local papers to toot his per- 
sonal horn so loudly that those who met 
the whole-hearted fellow of the day before 
could scarce believe their eyes. 

Watts, too, was at headquarters, and in 
demand at a dozen different places at the 
same time. W. W., his ministerial face 
beaded with perspiration, was still the affa- 
ble, kindly voiced Watts of old, and what is 
more, to all alike. Geo. E. Johnson, short, 
slight, quiet, but nervous-looking and seem- 
ing not to have aged one year in ten, moved 
in and out. Neuhaus, tall, slender, clean 
cut, impassive; Fleck, short, stout, swarthy, 




and with hair black as night; Lawson, short, 
nearly as stout, hair dark only as twilight; 
and Bacon, of medium height, and full, fine 
features and brimming with vitality, were 
others who played star parts. 

"Headquarters," which ordinarily is a 
young ladies' seminary, is a typical Southern 
structure. Half spiral stairways lead from 
the sidewalk to either end of the high-col- 
umned porch, and to the wide hallway, which 
divides the house. It is of a type now sel- 
dom built. It shows the tattering of time, 
but most of the wear was well hid by folds 
and loops and festoons of bunting and of 
flags, and signs of welcome, while indoors 
palms and potted plants adorned the whole. 

Considering the runs and smokers of Mon- 
day and Tuesday as mere nominalities — 
pleasant nominalities for these who partici- 
pated—the events of the meet really began 
with the parade "Wednesday afternoon. 

Originally the intention was to make the 
turnout a high grade, eye-pleasing function. 
To that end a number of prizes were offered 
to induce the entries of uniformed clubs. 
But the clubs failed to enter. On Monday, 
when but two had enrolled themselves, and 
it was seen that the effort had proven abor- 
tive, the original idea was abandoned. The 
parade was thrown open to all. The "all" 



responded nobly, some three thousand strong. 
No need to describe them. With few excep- 
tions the gathering was such as may be seen 
on any pleasant Sunday or other afternoon 
on the Boulevard in New York or on the 
cycle path to Coney Island. The paraders 
were as variously clothed, as variously 
mounted, as various in deportment, and as 
thoroughly various in every other respect. 
And they kept almost as perfect alignment. 
The mastodonic "Vim tricycle and Twentieth 
Century lamps interested and amused the 
throng of onlookers and caused a few timid 
horses to rear on their haunches. 

The cycle corps of the Louisville Legion, 
without arms and keeping poor order, gave 
a dash of color and a blare of bugles to the 
parade, and the Rambler Meet Club — which 
extracted a deal of fun out of the meet — 
satirized the bloomerized young woman by 
parading in balloon-sleeved shirt waists. A 
few individuals also affected the grotesque. 
Call this a parade and you have the picture 
in your mind's eye. 

The route led through Third street, a wide, 
handsome residential street lined for three 
miles by well-kept, wide-porched Kentucky 
homes — which make understandable the sad 
longing of the melody so dear to Kentucky 
hearts. 

On the edging of the outskirts of the town, 
on the grassy surface of Southern Heights 
Woodland, the paraders halted and extended 
themselves. The "watermelon feast" was 
next on the list, and this was the place of its 
occurrence. 

Wherever there is a mule and a water- 
melon, there you will find a nigger. 

This is an epigram peculiarly Southern, 
and historically true. But spell it "n-i-g- 
g-e-r" or the effect will be lost. Loadstone 
is not more attractive than is a watermelon 
to a darkey. The watermelon may be for 
"white folks" only, but somewhere in a 
woodpile, somewhere in the grass, "a black 
face and shiny eye" is surely lurking, and 
with teeth gleaming and on edge. 

There was no color line drawn at the wat- 
ermelon feast on Wednesday. Perhaps 
President Watts and his colleagues realized 
the utter hopelessness of keeping it taut. 
But whether or no, the "black face and shiny 
eye" — an expression borrowed from the 
rhymes of Southern childhood — were there, 
and in great numbers. The mule, too, was 
not lacking. Two of them drew the cart 
conveying the melons. The darkies did not 
lurk that afternoon. They came out boldly 
and when the fruit was distributed were well 
to the fore. The "distribution" consisted of 
tossing the melons one at a time into the 
great crowd which surrounded the wagon. 
With each tossing there was a rush and a 
scramble, a mixing of white skins and black 
such as no football field has ever witnessed. 
The securing of a prize was an event. The 
joy of the negro who captured one, the grins 
of his fellows who surrounded him, the sight 
of the dozens of ebony faces buried deep in 
the luscious red, was a series of living ka- 
leidoscopic pictures worthy of a kinetoscope. 
It was as interesting an event as the enter- 
tainment which followed — a genuinely negro 
show. No burnt cork faces and forced dia- 
lect there. It was the real thing. A crude 
platform had been erected under the trees, 
and around this the crowd gathered. A 
troupe of barnstorming darkies had been en- 
gaged, and here they exhibited themselves. 
They were of all sizes, all shapes, all colors, 
of both sexes. They danced, they sang, they 
rattled the bones and "picked the old ban- 
jo." A half-dozen pickaninnies had an ap- 
ple-eating contest. They were ranged in line 
under a gibbet, from which cords dangled; 
the youngsters' hands were tied behind their 



1896. 



4* 




This tra te mai k is recog 
nized in all parts of the 
world as the emblem of per- 
fect cycle construction. 



There are now made in America, cycles of 

CHEAP, 

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HIGH-GRADE 

AND 

HUMBER QUALITY. 

Within the walls of every cycle factory in the world, HUM- 
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Applications for HUMBER Agencies for the season of 1897 will be received at our 
Westboro office until Sept. 15, 1H96 Though we have largely increased our facilities 
of manufacture during the past season, the volume of our product is limited, and it is 
necessary our plans for the distribution of our J897 product be completed by the 15th of 
September, in order that we may supply agents promptly with cycles they will require 
during the season of 1897. 

A Humber Agency 
«# Means Reputation, Satisfaction, Profit. S 

Once appointed, the HUMBER agent can always feel assured of steady business, 
for so long as he is conducting the business on satisfactory lines the agency will remain 
with him. It is the policy of HUMBER Companies to select agents whose character is 
on a plane with the reputation for integrity and quality earned by HUMBER Companies 
during the past twenty-nine years. We seek those only to represent us who appreciate 
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every agent to furnish a guarantee bond that he will not under any circumstances sell 
HUMBERS at less than our catalogue price, nor give or allow any rebate or commission. 

HUMBER & CO., America, Limited, 

ELLIOTT BURRIS, Managing Director, 

WESTBORO, MASS. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



August 21, 



backs. Close the eyes and fancy a "lynch- 
ing bee." It looked for all the world like one. 
Open them and find that at the end of each 
cord there dangles an apple — a green, chol- 
eric apple. Hear the announcement that the 
boy who is first to entirely eat his apple will 
secure a prize of $5. Witness six faces 
break into huge grins, six pairs of eyes blink 
joyously, six woolly heads go bobbing up, 
down, now this way, now that; six mouths 
spread wide open, twelve eyes popping half 
out of their sockets— then one face bulging 
out on the sides and moving furiously, and 
yet showing the joy of triumph. One string 
is minus the apple. One pickaninny in Louis- 
ville is rich in his own right. Then there is 
a cake walk. The tall, high-cheeked, raw- 
boned negro in a high hat and long-tailed 
coat who has held aloof from the others, and 
whose face but a few moments before was 
buried in a melon, is now in his element. He 
is leading the walk. The crowd is melting 
away. What remains is howling in delight. 

While the apple-eating contest is being 
arranged and the young negroes are standing 
beneath the dangling strings, the lynching 
aspect is heightened. The crowd has surged 
upon the platform. It will not be forced 
back. The dismounted Louisville Legion is 
pressed into service, is marched on the plat- 
form. The soldiers form a cordon around it. 
The view of the spectators is obscured. They 
resent it. They groan and hiss, and shout 
threats of fight. The managers realize their 
mistake and call off the militia. The crowd 
cheers, but again intrudes on the platform. 
Suddenly a dark-complexioned, black-mus- 
tached man of medium height, in cycling 
garb, and with one hand bandaged, makes his 
way to the front. He speaks a few kindly 
words to the crowd. He suggests that they 
keep six feet away from the platform. They 
cheer and fall back as if touched by magic. 
The little word in kindness spoken had 
availed where the show of force was futile. 
The man who spoke the word was Archie C. 
Willison, of Maryland, once president of the 
L. A. W. But few of those present knew it. 

The scene was quite dramatic while it 
lasted. 

It is questionable whether the watermelon 
feast or the steamboat excursions on the Ohio 
River, the latter on Friday night, was the 
greater function. It matters little, however, as 
both were enjoyable. Ladies in considerable 
numbers attended the excursion; the lady-kill- 
ing cyclists were in their wake. So large was 
the crowd that instead of one boat two were 
brought into service. Aboard each a band made 
music, and the excursionists danced while the 
boats floated. There was no merriment or dev- 
ilment, except such as individuals made for 
themselves. The moon did not show itself, but 
the dark shadows of the shores, peppered by 
yellow lights, made the pictures. Abbot Bas- 
sett was aboard, and, despite his rotundity 
and the gray patch of close-cropped whiskers 
on his chin, he made himself popular with the 
ladies, and easily, as is his wont. 



THE RACING. 

Within the last ten years I have attended 
race meetings enough to top the century 
mark. 

Taking a hasty, bird's eye view of them all, 
I can recall none that, a ; a whole, was so in- 
tensely interesting, that was characterized 
by such fiercely fought events, such a multi- 
tude of hair-raising finishes, as marked the 
meetings at Louisville. During the entire 
three days, there was not one race that was 
won by two open lengths. From an American 
standpoint, at least, the racing itself was 
the pinnacle of perfection. The interest 



heightened each day. Each day was better 
than the day before. The climax, the five- 
mile National championship, was magnificent 
It was like a display of fireworks. The ele- 
ments themselves were sputtering. Huge an- 
gry clouds had suddenly overcast a blue sky. 
The thunder was rumbling sullenly. Great 
gashes of brightest silver were being stabbed 
into the clouds. The wind was capering like 
a maddened dog. Dust and loose paper was 
filling the air. The flags were snapping vi- 
ciously. Eighteen bare-legged, bare-armed, 
well-browned young athletes were being hur- 
riedly lined up at the tape. The crowd was 
on its feet, apprehensive but interested, and 
prepared for a rush the moment the storm 
should break. All was excitement; everyone 
was on pins and needles. 

Referee Elliott, plainly nervous, announced 
that if rain should fall during the race it 
would be the signal for a stop, and a post- 
ponement. The pistol cracked. The eighteen 
men got off safely. They rushed for the trip- 
let ten yards away. Callahan caught it, but 
the three-seater was so slow in getting under 
way that many of the men ran ahead of it 
and bunched there. As the big machine 
gathered force, they slid behind it. Suddenly 
Cooper shot ahead, lay next the pole and, as 
Callahan came abreast, forced him off and 
tacked on. Then began the greatest series of 
plays for the pacemaker ever seen on an 
American track. Man after man repeated 
Cooper's tactics; strings of five ami six went 
up, dropped back, and one after another tried 
to oust the Detroiter from the favored berth. 
It looked like the field against Cooper. But 
he fought them all off with the adroitness of 
a general, and in a fashion that was soul- 
rousing. Finally, the blue-clad Gardiner, at- 
tended by a convoy of team mates, went up 
and attacked. The assault was successful. 
Cooper fell back and Gardiner occupied the 
vantage ground. Coming around the next 
time, Cooper was crowded off the track and 
unto the grass next the pole. Who did the 
crowding I cannot say. Crowding and elbow- 
ing was so general, however, that had full 
justice been done, hardly a man would have 
been left in the race after the referee's de- 
cision. Cooper lifted his wheel back on the 
cement just as Bald came by. The White 
Flyer seemed rather loath to give Cooper 
room. The latter made it. He reached over 
with his right and shoved Bald. A moment 
later Bald gave his rival a left-handed shove 
or punch in the ribs. When they passed the 
next time the excited grand stand hissed and 
bellowed foul. Cooper paid no attention to 
it. He was full of fight. He wanted the 
triplet. He went up, dropped back, and at the 
first attack Gardiner, usually faint-hearted, 
succumbed. Then followed more onslaughts 
on Cooper. He was game as a cock that 
ever walked, and repelled them all. When 



half-way around on the last lap, the triplet 
slowed preparatory to quitting; the crowd 
had bunched and Cooper was in a hole. On 
the last turn they broke and spread all over 
the track. Cooper, game to the last, saw an 
opening, and shooting diagonally across the 
track, came through like a whirlwind, with 
his teeth set and riding wide and like a fiend 
possessed, he passed a dozen men on the last 
twenty yards, and won all out by half a 
length. It was the most inspiring exhibition 
on a race track I have ever witnessed. Such 
pluck, such dogged determination, such a cy- 
clonic sprint, such a resolute face as Cooper 
displayed have not been paralleled in my ex- 
perience. If ever man won an uphill fight, if 
ever man won on his merits, Cooper did. He 
was afterward disqualified for fouling Bald, 
but no decision of a referee can rob him of 
the glory. Tom Cooper is not only the leg- 
giest, but the headiest man on the track 
to-day. Like a born general who does not 
waste his army and his powder in needless 
skirmishes, Cooper set his heart, his soul, on 
the championships. His every energy was 
directed that way; he entered no other races, 
and his plan of action triumphed. On League 
meet form, when all are supposed to be cher- 
ry ripe, he deserves the title of "champion," 
an honor fairly and gloriously won. 

Louis Callahan, who finished third in the 
five-mile championship, was also disquali- 
fied. His elbowing tactics were flagrant and 
frequent. With these decisions of the ref- 
eree, the race went to a "rank outsider," W. 
E. Becker, of Chicago; E. S. Acker, of Phila- 
delphia, was moved up into second place, and 
Nat Butler, of Boston, into third. Time— 
12:18 2-5. 

Five minutes after this race the storm 
broke. It proved a black squall of short du- 
ration, but it resulted in the abandonment of 
the last race, the mile open, unpaced, in 
which, however, none of the first flighters 
were entered. 

Next in point of interest and sensational- 
ism—and some differed with me and placed 
it ahead of the championship — was Sanger's 
win in the two-mile handicap, also on the 
last day. The big fellow seemed in a hope- 
less pocket a quarter-mile from home, but he 
dropped back, and coming on the outside with 
a terrific burst, landed a clean cut victory by 
three-quarters of a length. It was a wonder- 
ful bit of work, and showed clearly who was 
the popular idol. The crowd rose to feet and 
for the first time gave vent to full-lunged en- 
thusiasm. They gave Sanger an ovation, 
which was redoubled when the racing men 
and trainers on the track lifted him on their 
shoulders and carried him in triumph to the 
dressing-room. It was a proud moment for 
the once most unpopular man on the Ameri- 
can path, and, indeed, the change in the ap- 
pearance of the man is marvellous. A year 



Distance. First. 

One-quarter mile Cooper . 

One-third mile Cooper .. 

One-half mile T. Butler 

One mile T. Butler 



NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS. 

Second. Third. Time. 

Callahan Kenny 0:32 3-5 

Kimble Bald 0:443-5 

Bald Gardiner 1:111-5 

Coburn Callahan 2:02 3-5 



Two miles Cooper Bald Bliss 4:262-5 

Five miles Becker Aker N. Butler 12 :18 2-5 

PROFESSIONAL EVENTS. 
Distance. First. Second. Third. Time. 

One mile, 2:15 class Newhouse E. Johnson De Cardy 2:13 4-5 

One mile open T. Butler Sanger N. Butler 2:03 

One mile handicap N. Butler Kennedy Aker 2:06 

One mile tandem Butler Brothers McDonald & E. Johnson.. Bernh't & Scherin. 2:14 3-5 

One mile open Gardiner Sanger Bald 2:192-5 

One mile open Coburn Allen Callahan 4:25 2-5 

Two miles handicap. ...Sanger Kennedy Callahan 4:25 2-5 

AMATEUR EVENTS. 
Distance. First. Second. Third. Time. 

One mile novice McCarthy Dougherty Groeshel 2:372-5 

Two miles handicap. .. .Ingraham Linn Peabody 4:543-5 

One-half mile open Ingraham McKean L. Coburn 1:15 

Twomilesopen Peabody Seaton Thome 5:04 

Two-third mile open... .Fichtner Thome Ingraham 1:35 4-5 

One mile handicap Howard Ingraham Linn 2:14 2-5 

One mile, 2:30 class McCarthy L. Coburn Leathers 2:15 

One mile open Ingraham Samberg Howard 2:24 



1896. 



43 



ago he looked a fat, flabby, sneering, surly 
hulk of Teutonic humanity. His lip forever 
wore a curl that bespoke either contempt or 
an offensive breath. His wiry hair, brushed 
pompadour style, bristled like the rays of a 
setting sun and heightened his sneering ap- 
pearance. To-day his hair is brushed slight- 
ly down on his forehead, he looks clean cut 
and handsome, his eyes are bright, his face 
is passive, and when it breaks into smiles 
it is a pleasing, agreeable— a really fetching 
smile. 

Sanger still pursues his old tactics. He 
trails along near the end of the line until 
the last quarter, then pulls up, starts the 
sprint, sets the crowd in full cry, and when 
his fire is needed most, in the last fifty yards, 
the flue refuses to draw. He slides back 
beaten. This is the story of almost if not 
every race in which he started. 

The mile open on the last day also fur- 
nished a surprise. "Will Coburn, of the Day- 
ton team, and Fred H. Allen, a Frontenac, 
two good men but little fancied, ran one, two 
against such men as Sanger, Tom Butler and 
Gardiner. It was the old story; Sanger came 
from the rear, Butler, Bald, and Gardiner 
tacked on and were pulled up, but when San- 
ger's fire burned low and the other pulled out, 
it was too late. Coburn won by three-quar- 
ters of a length; inches between second and 
third. It was the second richest purse of the 
meet, $125, and the joy of Pat Hussey, the 
willowy sponser of the Dayton team (he is 
G feet 3 inches tall, and weighs 150 pounds) 
was a sight to behold. His smile reached 
from ear to ear, and illuminated the track 
for yards around. It was a smile such as one 
reads about. 

The fattest purse, $150, was captured by 
Arthur Gardiner, who, at the same time, 
placed the single paced mile competition rec- 
ord to his credit, 2:01 — the only record of the 
week. It was on the second day, Friday, the 
14th, in the mile open, paced by John S. John- 
son and J. W. Parsons, the Kangaroo cham- 
pion. Callahan caught the pacer and held it 
until, as usual, Sanger started the sprint and 
for a wonder held it until the last ten yards, 
when Gardiner jumped him and won by half 
a length. Tom Butler was at Sanger's el- 
bow. 

The Butlers rendered a good account of 
themselves. They came here at loggerheads 
with Stearns & Co. and at their own expense. 
The Syracuse firm desired them to confine 
their efforts to Boston territory. The Butlers 
are ambitious and would not have it. They 
came here to measure strides with the flower 
of the country, and both Tom and Nat 
proved themselves quite some blossoms in- 
deed, Tom, the boyish bunch of spring steel, 
taking the two championships for which 
Cooper failed to account. His face betokens 
the cunning of a fox, but the youngster never- 
theless has not much of a head. He has a 
phenomenal last-fifty-yards sprint and ap- 
pears to depend entirely on luck and some 
one else pulling him out of the ruck and tight 
pockets. 

And Bald! Speak the name sadly. Poor 
Bald! Bald, the once unconquerable! Not one 
first did he place to his credit, and his appear- 
ance begets sympathy. Cooper looks too 
finely drawn— as if the high tension must 
soon break— but to one who has not seen him 
in months Bald's face and riding inspires 
both amazement and pity. His features are 
figured and drawn, his cheeks show the 
shadow of hollowness — his whole face is bord- 
ering on the hatchety— not only this, but there 
is a look of blankness— a look of blank des- 
pair and worriment in his eyes. He still 
smiles, but it is not the same old smile. It is 
rather a sad sort of parting of the lips. He 
seems to have lost both head and legs. On 
the first day he rode as if doped. With 



plenty of opportunity to clear himself he al- 
lowed himself to be tied up in a pocket. With 
the choice position behind the pacer in an- 
other event he remained glued there until the 
field had swept by him. Then it was too late. 
He is not the Bald of old. He has lost his fire. 
He has gone back on a gallop. It is almost 
inexplicable. Howard Tuttle says it is due to 
the absence of Asa Windle. 

"Last year," remarked Tuttle, "Eddie had 
not a care in the world. Asa did all his 
thinking and planning. This year he is 
worried; he has too much to think of, and he 
isn't equal to it." 

Asa Windle himself says the trouble lies 
in Bald's position — that he does not set his 
wheel properly to get the best results. "And 
Asa comes pretty near knowing,'' added one 
who heard the remark. 

John S. Johnson was the only notable ab- 
sentee in the championships. He was pres- 
ent, but says he is too fat to ride Neverthe- 
less, he did an exhibition half behind a trip- 
let in 53 seconds, and seemingly without 
trouble. Johnson's reappearance was note- 
worthy because of his introduction of the 
very Frenchiest creations in racing shirts. 
One day he wore a white Jersey on the back 




Tom Buller, 

of which was worked a fiery red lobster, full 
size. The next day he brought out a pinkish 
shirt with an American flag embossed be- 
tween the shoulders. It is quite the thing in 
France, ye know, to affect such emblems in 
such places. 

There is small need to go into details of the 
various races. As already stated never were 
they so hard fought, never so close. Tom 
Ccoper won four of the championships by 
small but decisive margins and it was a rare 
race that was won by more than the length 
of a bicycle, while the fights for places in al- 
most every instance spread the men all over 
the track and kept the small army of judges 
guessing. 

The amateur events were likewise well con- 
tested, but many were State championships, 
and for that reason of little more than neigh- 
borhood interest. Asa Windle, Columbia mis- 
sionary at large, found and pushed off a good 
man in Ingraham, of Dixon, 111., who caused 
the Columbia balloon to soar upward several 
times. St. Louis also sent down a warm lot 
of pures. But the summaries best tell the 
story. 



THURSDAY, AUGUST 13. 

One-mile handicap, professional— Final heat — 1, 
Nat Butler (30 yards) ; 2, A. D. Kennedy (15) ; 3, E. 
S. Acker (60); 4, Conn Baker (50); 5, E. C. Johnson 
(80). Time— 2:06, J. P. Bliss, C. Hofer, J. F. Star- 
buck, R. P. Rice, J. B. Bowler, Bob Walthour, 
W. P. Selby, O. L. Stevens, Jay Eaton, J. A. New- 
house and J. Coburn also rode. 

One-mile novice— 1, Charles R. McCarthy, St. 
Louis; 2, D. A. Dougher, St. Louis; 3, E. Groe- 
schel, Louisville; 4, H. S. Parsons, Louisville. 
Time— 2:37 2-5. J. Luchtinger, C. T. Byers, C. E. 
Drabelle, C. Rittenauer, G. Spead and R. R. Reid- 
er also rode. 

Quarter-mile, State championship— Final heat— 
1, Karl Thome, Louisville; 2, H. W. Middendorff, 
Louisville; 3, P. J. Bornwasser, Louisville. Time 
—0:36 3-5. V. E. Dupne and W. H. Seaton also 
rode. 

One-mile professional, 2:15 class— Pinal heat— 1, 
J. A. Newhouse; 2, E. C. Johnson; 3, W. De 
Cardy, Chicago. Time— 2:13 2-5. O. L. Stevens, O. 
P. Bernhardt, W. T. Hanse, S. C. Cox, A. French, 
Jesse Curry and J. F. Staver also rode. 

Two-mile handicap, amateur— Final heat— 1, C. 
C. Ingrham, Dixon, III., (60 yards); 2, V. E. Pu- 
pre, Louisville, (50); 3, W. E. Lum. Montgomery, 
(60); 4, E. W. Peabody, Chicago (80); 5, C. Ham. 
mond, St. Louis, (50). Time^:54%. P. J. Born- 
wasser, H. A. Caufield, E. Groeschel, F. L. Eber- 
hardt, J. J. Howard, J. Lindley, L. McCabe, P. 
Berry, L Coburn, W. H. Seaton, J. L. App and 
E. L. Thompson also rode. 

One-mile open, professional— Final heat— 1 Tom 
Butler; 2, W. C. Sanger; 3, Nat Butler. Time- 
2:03. McDonald, Jesse Curry, W. Coburn, J. Co- 
burn, Ziegler, Bald, Kimble, Callahan and 
Schrein also rode. 

Half-mile open, amateur— Final heat— 1, C. C. 
Ingraham, Dixon, 111.; 2, E. D. McKeon, Green- 
ville, Ohio; 3, J. Coburn, St. Louis; 4, P. J. Born- 
wasser, Louisville; 5, Karl Thome, Louisville. 
Time— 1:15. Clarence Hammond, E. Fitchner, W. 
E. Lum, J. J. Howard, F. R. Hattorsley, F. L. 
Eherhardt, R. Samberg, V. E. Dupre, E. W. Pea- 
body and L. H. Smith also rode. 

Half-mile amateur, State championship— 1, 
Karl Thome, Louisville; 2, W. H. Seaton, Louis- 
ville; 3, P. J. Bornwasser, Louisville. Time- 
ly 2-5. Stuart Leathers, C. O. Updike, T. Litz- 
ler, E. J. Daubert, H. W. Middendorf, J. C. 
Mitchell, E. D. Fitchner, A. J. Nowlin, V. E. 
Dupre and H. F. Cohen also rode. 

TWO-MILE NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP. 

Final heat— 1, Cooper; 2, Bald; 3, Bliss. Time 
—4:25 3-5. Nat Butler, Allen, McDonald, Gardiner, 
Ziegler, Aker, Eaton and Kimble also rode. 

FRIDAY, AUGUST 14. 
ONE-THIRD MILE, NATIONAL CHAMPION- 
SHIP. 

First heat— 1, Cooper; 2, Kimble; 3, Allen; 4, 
Becker. Time— 0:44 1-5. Schrein disqualified for 
foul riding. Second heat— 1, Bald- 2. Kennedy 3 
Curry; 4, Willie Coburn. Time— 0:44. Third heat 



Final heat— 1, Cooper; 2, Owen Kimble; 3, Bald 
Time— 0:44 3-5. 

One mile, State championship— 1, Edward 
Fichtner, Louisville; 2, Carl Thome, Louisville- 
3, H. W. Middendorff, Louisville. Time— 2:25. 
ONE-QUARTER MILE, NATIONAL CHAM- 
PIONSHIP. 

First heat— 1, Schrein; 2, Oldfield; 3, Allen; 4, 
Call than. Time— 0:32 3-5. Second heat— 1, Cooper: 

2, Kennedy; 3, Bofer. Time— 0:32. Third heat— 
1, Zeigler; 2, Gardiner. Time— 0:31 3-5. Four 111 
heat— 1, E. C. Johnson; 2, Baker Time— 0:31 3-5. 

Final— 1, Cooper; 2, Louis Callahan, Buffalo; 3, 
A. D. Kennedy, Chicago. Time— 0:32. 

Two-mile open— Final— 1, E. W. Peabodv, Chi- 
cago; 2, W. H. Seaton, Louisville; 3, Karl 
Thome, Louisville; 4, F. L. Eberhardt, Salina. 
Kan.; 5, E. D. McKeen, Greenville, Ohio. Time— 
—5:04. 

One-mile tandem, professional— First heat— 1, 
Clark, Bowler; 2, Schrein, Bernhardt. Time-- 
2:132-5. Second heat— 1, Nat and Tom Butler; 2, 
L. C. Johnson, McDonald; 3, Staver, Wineselt. 
Time— 2:10. 

Final— 1, Nat and Tom Butler; 2, McDonald, 
Johnson; 3, Bernhardt, Schrein. Time— 2:14 3-5. 
Clark, Bowler and Staver, WInesett also rode. 

Two-thirds mile, open— Final— 1. Edward 
Fichtner; 2, Karl Thome; 3, C. C. Ingraham; 1. 
Ralph Stamberg; 5, E. W. Peabody. Time— 
1:35 4-5. 
ONE MILE, NATIONAL CHAMPIONS! 1 1 V. 

First heat— 1, Akers; 2, Bald; ::, Calahan; I. 
Schrein. Time— 2:27 4-5. Second heal 1, Tom 
Butler; 2, Zeigler; :!, Kimble; I. Kennedy. Time 

3, J (Tar.l'iner; I, Stevens.' Time S-.rS 1-5. ' 
Final— 1, Tom Butler, Hoslon; 2. Willie Coburn: 

3, Louis Callahan. Time -2:02 3-5. Bald, Zeigler. 

Gardiner, Cooper, Kimble, Kennedy and Schrein 
also rode. 



44 



AugUSt 2T, 



One-mile open, professional— First heat— 1, 
Becker; 2, Bald; 3, Kennedy. Time— 2:27 2-5. Sec- 
ond heat— 1, Sanger; 2, McFarland; 3, Rigby. 
Time— 2:28 3-5. Third heat^l, Zeigler; 2, Gardi- 
ner; 3, Tom Butler; 4, Aker. Time— 2:23 3-5. 
Fourth heat— 1, Callahan; 2, Eaton; 3, Wells. 
Time— 2:44 3-5. 

Final— 1, Gardiner; 2, Sa.nger; 3, Tom Butler. 
Tims— 2:01. Zeigler, W. E. Becker, Bald, Eaton, 
McFarland, Kennedy, Rigby, Wells and Aker 
also rode. 

THIRD DAT, SATURDAY, AUGUST 15. 

One-mile, open, professional— First heat: 1, E. 
C. Bald; 2, F. B. Rigby, Toledo; 3, R. H. Mc- 
Cleary, St. Paul; 4, F. C. Schrein, Toledo. Time— 
2:34 4-5. C. R. Coulter, A. C. Van Nest, Barney 
Oldfield, Owen Kimble and F. A. McFarland also 
rode. 

Second heat: 1, F. H. Allen, Syracuse; 2, W. 
Coburn, St. Louis; 3, E. S. Acker, Philadelphia ; 

4, H. C. Clark, Denver. Time— 2:27 2-5. J. Co- 
burn, Arthur French, C. Hofer, J. P. Bliss, J. 
F. Starbuck, C. S. Wells, O. L. Stevens and 
Clarence Woodard also rode. 

Third heat: 1, Tom Butler; 2, Fred Loughead; 

3, Arthur Gardiner. Time— 2:31. B. F. Staver, 
E. C. Mertens, W. De Cardy, E. C. Johnson, Otto 
Ziegler, Bob Walthour, Nat Butler, R. P. Rice 
and Conn Baker also rode. 

Fourth heat: 1, F. A. McFarland, San Jose; 2, 
W. C. Sanger; 3, A. D. Kennedy, Chicago. Time 
—2:38 2-5. Louis Callahan, W. E. Becker, H. P. 
Mosher, Jay Eaton, Ray McDonald, L. C. John- 
son and J. A. Newhouse also rode. 

Final: 1, Coburn; 2, Allen; 3, Bald; 4, Gardiner; 

5, Kennedy. Time-2:19 2-5. Tom Butler, F. A. 
McFarland, Fred Loughead, F. B. Rigby, W. C. 
Sanger, E. S. Acker and F. C. Schrein also rode. 
HALF-MILE NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP. 

First heat: 1, Tom Cooper; 2, E. C. Bald; 3, 
C. R. Coulter; 4, Conn Baker. Time— 1:08 1-5. 
Owen Kimble, F. C. Schrein, Barney Oldfield, 
W. E. Becker, R. H. McCleary and H. H. 
Wright also ran. Second heat, 1, W. 
Coburn; 2, A. D. Kennedy; 3, F. H. 
Allen; 4, J. F. Starbuck. Time— 1:09 4-5. 
J. P. Bliss, F. B. Rigby, A. C. Mertens, C. 
Hofer, F. A. McFarland and W. E. Lecompte 
also rode. Third heat: 1, Tom Butler; 2, Arthur 
Gardiner; 3, Ray Macdonald; 4, Otto Ziegler. 
Time— 1:13 3-5. C. S. Wells also rode. Louis Cal- 
lahan allowed to start in the final. First semi- 
final: 1, Cooper; 2, Gardiner. Time— 1:12 2-5. 
Coulter, Starbuck and Coburn also rode. Sec- 
ond semi-final: 1, Bald; 2, Tom Butler; 3, Allen, 
Syracuse. Time— 1:08. Macdonald, Kennedy, 
Callahan and Baker also rode. 

Final: 1, Tom Butler, Boston; 2, Bald; 3, 
Gardiner; 4, Cooper; 5, Allen. Time— 1:11 1-5. 

Two-mile handicap, professional— First heat: 
1, C. Hofer, St. Paul (50 yards); 2, Jay Eaton, 
Elizabeth (40); 3, R. H. McCleary, St. Paul (130); 

4, W. C. Sanger (scratch); 5, A. D. Kennedy (20); 

6, F. C. Schrein, Toledo (100). Time^:32 4-5. O. 
L. Stevens, J. P. Bliss, F. A. McFarland, A. C. 
Van Nest, R. P. Rice, Clarence Woodard, J. P. 
Bowler and J. F. Staver also rode. Second heat: 
1, J. A. Newhouse, Buffalo (60); L. A. Callahan, 
Buffalo (30); 3, Barney Oldfield, Toledo (150); 4, 
H. Van Herik, Chicago (200); 5, Dr. Brown, To- 
ledo (170); 6, L. C. Johnson, Cleveland (140). 
Time— 4:17. Nat Butler, Conn Baker, A. C. Mer- 
tens, C. S. Wells, Eli Winesett, J. Coburn, W. 
T. Hause and W. F. Selby also rode. Third 
heat: 1, H. P. Mosher, Storm King (140); 2, H. C. 
Clark, Denver (100); 3, Fred Allen (80); 4, W. E. 
Becker, Chicago (150); 5, S. C. Cox, New York 
(160); 6, Bob Walthour, Nashville (250). Time— 
4:23 3-5. Fred Loughead, R. H. McCleary, J. F. 
Starbuck, Owen Kimble, F. G. Rigby, E. C. 
Johnson, P. O. Bernhardt, W. De Cardy and 
Arthur French also rode. 

Final: 1, Sanger (scratch); 2, Kennedy, Chi- 
cago (20); 3, Callahan (30); 4, Eaton (40); 5, 
Mosher, Storm King (140). Time— 4.25 2-5. F. C. 
Schrein, C. Hofer, R. H. McCleary, J. A. New- 
house, L. C. Johnson, Barney Oldfield, Dr. 
Brown, Toledo; H. Van Herik, Fred Allen, H. C. 
Clark, W. E. Becker, S. C. Cox and B. Walthour 
also rode. 

FIVE-MILE NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP. 

1, W. E. Becker, St. Paul; 2, E. S. Acker, 
Philadelphia; 3, Nat Butler, Boston. Time— 
12:18 2-5. Arthur Gardiner, Bald, McFarland, J. 
Coburn, Baker, Stevens, Starbuck, McCleary, 



Walthour and Hanse also rode. Cooper, winner, 
and Callahan, third, disqualified for foul riding. 

One-mile open, final— 1, C. C. Ingraham, Dixon, 
111.; 2, R. Samberg, Port Huron, Mich.; 3, J. J. 
Howard, St. Louis; 4, P. J. Bornwasser, Louis- 
ville; 5, E. W. Peabody, Chicago. Time— 2:24. 
H. W. Middendorff, E. D. McKeon, Karl Thome, 
F. R. Hattersley, H. D. Fitchner, W. E. Le- 
compte and W. H. Seaton also rode. 

One mile, 2:30 class, final— 1, C. R. McCarthy, 
St. Louis; 2, Lou Coburn, St. Louis; 3, Stuart 




Leathers. Louisville; 4, H. W. Middendorff, Lou- 
isville; 5, V. E. Dupre, Louisville,. Time— 2:15. 
H. A. Canfield, D. A. Daugherty, L. S. Smith, 
E. W. Peabody and W, Cummins also rode. 

One-mile handicap, final— 1, J. J. Howard, St. 
Louis, 20 yards; 2, C. C. Ingraham, Dixon, 
scratch; 3, W. E. Lum, Montgomery, 155; 4, P, J, 




Arthur Gardiner 

Bornwasser, Louisville, scratch; 5, F. R. Hat- 
tersley, St. Louis, 30. Time— 2:14 2-5. H. A. Can- 
field, Clarence Hammond, Karl Thome, E. 
Groeschel, E. D. Fitchner, V. E. Dupre, C. R. 
McCarthy, Lou Coburn, W. H. Seaton, W. Cum- 
mins, E. D. McKeon and H. W. Middendorff also 
rode. 

Two-mile State championship— 1, W. H. Seat- 
on, Louisville; 2, F. D. Fitcher, Louisville; 3, V 
E. Dupre, Louisville. Time— 5:013-5. Karl 
Thome, P. J. Bornwasser, Stuart Leathers and 
H. W. Middendorff also rode. 



When the list of track officials were first 
announced a well-posted man, after glancing 
over the names of the judges, remarked in 
my hearing: 

"Puts me in mind of a list of honorary pall- 
bearers." 

The remark came forcibly to mind during 
the meet. The judges were in each other's 
way, they were so many. The Louisville 
men apparently labored under the impression 
that about every man who had attained 
prominence in the League should be honored 
by an appointment as judge. There were 
eight or nine of them on duty each day, and 
what some of them don't know about judging 
cycle races will never cause their hair to fall 
out. With so many remarkably close fin- 
ishes the wonder is how they contrived to 
do so well. There was some long wrangles at 
times. 

On the first day Ed H. Croninger served as 
referee. Croninger is an old-timer, but scarce 
looks it. "He has been racing nearly twenty 
years and yet looks not nineteen," is the way 
some one described him. It was aptly put. 
Croninger was extremely generous in his de- 
cisions. One odd and amusing case arose on 
the day of his reign. The big Vim tricycle 
reached the outside of the track just as a 
race got under way. It is fitted with a big 
gong not unlike that in use at Fountain 
Ferry. As the racers went around, the gong 
ringer on the tricycle on the other side of 
the fence sounded a few taps. Instantly one 
of the racing men sat up and came slowly up 
to the tape. He had mistaken the bell for a 
call back. He was permitted to ride in the 
final. Two men who were crowded off the 
track and into the grass next the rail were 
also allowed in finals. 

On the second day Sterling Eliott refereed, 
and on tha third also, although for the lat- 
ter day George D. Gideon was catalogued and 
was present with four other members of the 
Racing Board, Messrs. Robinson, Croninger, 
Gerlach and Robert. Gid is easily the big 
man of the committee. He is nearly a head 
taller than Gerlach, who tops the other three. 
They are of the small, wiry, nervous type. 
When the storm was threatening on the last 
day Referee Elliott, after the rather novel 
announcement that in case of rain the race 
should stop, was in a terrible state of mind. 
He was fearful that the men might slip on 
a wet track, and seemed to think their blood 
would be on his head. Root, of Chicago, 
handled the pistol; Howard Tuttle, the mega- 
phone, and F. J. Wagner did duty as clerk 
of course and made a little "jollying" speech 
to the men before he blew his whistle each 
time. 



Toward the end of the week, trade ar- 
rivals flocked in until the hotels had the ap- 
pearance of cycle show time. L. M. Richard- 
son, of the Monarch Cycle Company; C. W. 
Dickerson, of the Sterling; Tom Hay, of Hay 
& Willetts; L. M. Wainwright and L. J. Keck, 
of the Central Cycle Manufacturing Com- 
pany; Harry Hearsey, George L. Sullivan, he 
of Vim tires; G. H. E. Hawkins, of E. C. 
Stearns & Co.; Kirk Brown, Frank White 
and James S. Holmes, Jr., were among the 
late arrivals. Stillman G. Whittaker, boom- 
ing the Baldwin chain, "the chain that Bald 
rides," and the Stillwells, father and son, 
Straus tire advance agents, were also there. 
"Pop" Stillwell made himself one of the most 
popular men at the meet. 



The attendance at the races was hardly 
up to expectations. An average of 4,500 each 
day would be liberal. Pickpockets were 
about. While in the grandstand with his 
wife Walter Sanger was relieved of $505. 



1896. 



45 




Cl)e Ualuc of 

A bicycle rider has so much muscle energy io expend. If 
he is a racing man or a scorcher, he aims to go the greatest 
distance in the shortest time with the least expenditure of 
energy. If he be a lazy rider — and who does not enjoy a 
lazy jog along a picturesque country road ? — the smallest 
expenditure of energy becomes a burden. 

Palmer Tires are great energy savers. They help the 
racing man to husband the strength which he must put into 
locomotion ; thus he annihilates distance, and wins races. 

If the idler wishes to view his surroundings, the bicycle 
fitted with Palmer Tires runs so easily that no distractions 
are offered because of lifeless tires, as would be the case with 
most other pneumatics. It is no wonder Palmer Tires sell 
for twice as much as other tires. 



TIk Butler Brothers. 

Tom and Nat Butler, or, as they are more familiarly known, the 
Butler brothers, have this season created a most favorable impres- 
sion by their magnificent riding. True, they have not been fol- 
lowing the National Circuit, but opportunity has been afforded them to 
meet such men as Cooper, Bald, Sanger and Ray McDonald (a better 
man than Johnny Johnson) , and Tom Butler has defeated all of them. 
"Tom Butler," says State Handicapper Batchelder, "is a youngster 
of a very likely sort, and the manner in which he knuckles down to 
his work is always attractive to a crowd. The trim looking rider in 
yellow is becoming a familiar and popular figure on the tracks." Nat 
Butler has been a prominent rider in New England for years, and has 
held the amateur two-mile, flying start, paced record (4.07 2-5) since 
July, 1894. He also defeated both Cooper and Sanger in the two-mile 
handicap at Cambridge, June 17th. 

The Butler brothers have always ridden Palmer Tires, their mounts 
this year being Stearns wheels. Our illustration shows Tom Butler 
on the upper left and Nat Butler on the lower right of the panel. 



THE PALMER PNEUMATIC TIRE COMPANY 



133-135 S. Clinton St., CHICAGO 



FOR PRICES ADDRESS 

Selling Agents, THE COLUMBIA RUBBER WORKS CO. 
66 Reade St., New York, and 159 Lake St., Chicago 



Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



1896. 



47 




Because ; m 
I Tt bmade 111 (be kst equipped factorp^ 
-• ft ismade by fbe kit of skilled uiorkmcn, 
«• It i§ made of tbe tat of big^rade material. 

jtiiTttmcs tmnmz 









^M take tMti 



t 



Indiana Bicycle Co. 
Indianapolis Mill 



■ 8 9 6. 



ist ^wfetdpw«i ant ^ 




I 



If cause ; 
It ismade in tbe best equipped factor)), 
*■ ft ismadebpfbe best of skilled workmen, 
ft is made of tbe kst of ft^rade material. 

TOTBIOfQIlli 



*** *««££; 



JWltakeJijtKad. 






INDIANA BlCKLECo. y 

Indwmpolis lm 

«=^ III! 



4 8 



August 21, 



Syracuse Bicycles 



Southeastern Agents: 

SUPPLEE HARDWARE CO., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 




GHAS. J. STEBBINS, 
No. 103ReadeSt., NewYork. 



«^«^«^Manufacturers«^«5*«^ 



SYRACUSE CYCLE CO., Syracuse, N. Y. 



Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



1896. 



49 



NATIONAL CIRCUIT DATA 



PLACE. 


DATE. 


NAME OF TRACK. 


SIZE. 


SURFACE, 


FASTEST 

MILE 
RIDDEN 
ON IT. 


ADDRESS COMMUNICATIONS TO 


Rochester, N. Y. 

Binghamton, N. Y 

Saratoga Springs. N. Y. 
Bridgeport, Conn 


Aug. 22 
'• 24 
" 25 
" 28 
" 29 

Sept. 1-3 

7 

9 

" 12 

" 16 

" 19 

" 26 

" 28 

Oct. 17 


Driving Park 
B. A. A. 


1 Mile. 

A " 


Dirt 


2 02 


M. B. Fox, 176 No, Water St. 
Fred W. Ogden. 






Pleasure Beach 


A " 
A " 

'A ;; 

A 
A " 

A ;; 

A " 
A " 








Crushed stone. . . . 

Clay 

Cement 

Clay 

Clay and cinders. . 
Clay 


2.05 2-5 
2.07 

1-57 
1.56 

2.09 3-4 


C. W. King. 

F. R. Mackenzie, Box 1584. 

E. C. Hodges, Boston. 

R. T. Kingsbury. 

C. A. Dimon, 1020 Walnut St. 

E. W. Davis, 163 E. Market St. 

Dixie Hines, 23 Park Row. 

C. E. Teel. 


Springfield, Mass 

Boston, " 

Keene.N. H 

Philadelphia, Pa 


Hampden Park 
Charles River 
Driving Park 
Tioga 
West Side 
Manhattan Beach 
Crescent 
Fair Grounds 


New York, N. Y 

Plainfield, N. J 


Cement 

Pulverized stone. . 




J. G. Muirhead, Box 105, Trenton. 
W. J. McKean. 


Washington, D. C 















FIXTURES. 



AUGUST. 

■xi— Trey, N. Y., Rensselaer County Wheelmen, 
at— Medina, N. Y., Cyclers, 
at— Quincy, 111., B.C. 

22— Hannibal, Mo., Sportsman's Park Ass'n. 
aj-A bany, N..Y., Bicycle Club. 
-ai— Newark, N. J., Atalanta Wheelmen. 
22— Philadelphia, Pa., Penn Wheelmen. 
a»— Washington, D. C.. Arlington Wheelmen. 
22 - Chicago, 111. , Royal C. C. 
2»— Medford, Mass , C. C. 
22— Patchogue, N. Y, Wheelmen. 
32-Elyria, O., Wheel Club. 
2»— Riverside, R. I., Division M<>et. 
24 — Hannibal, Mo., Sportsman Park Ass'n. 
25-26— Marshall, III., B. C. 
26— Middletown, N. Y., Barnes C. C. 
26— New Castle, Pa„ Cyclers. 
36 -Philadelphia, O. S. Bunnell. 
27— Ballston, N. Y., Saratoga Agricultural Co. 
27-28— New London, O., Fair. 
28— Pittsburg, Kansas Wheelmen. 
28-Modelia, la ,C. C. 
28-29 -Brattleboro, Vt., Wheel Club. 
29— Philadelphia, Pa.. Quaker City Wheelmen. 
29— Cambridge, Mass , Massachusetts A. A. 
29— Flushing, N. Y , Mercury Wheelmen. 
29— Sootswood, N. J., Middlesex A. C. 
29-Albany, N. Y., B. C. 
29— Williamsvil'e, N. Y, Clover C. C. 
1 

SEPTEMBER. 

1-4— Eelleville, 111 , League Cyclers. 

2— Monett, Mo , Wheel Club. 

4-5-7— Chicago, National Cvcle Exposition Co. 

5— Philadelphia, P. R. K. Y. M. C. A. 

5 — Norristown, Pa., Wheelmen. 

5— Harrisburg, Pa., Cycle Track Association. 

5— Erie, Pa., Wanderers. 

5— Norwich, Conn., Rose of N E Wheel Club. 

7— Kalamazoo, Mich., Cycle Club. 

7— Zanesville, O., B. C. 

7— Akron. C, Tip Top C. C. 

7— Vir eland, N. J., Cycle Path Association. 

7— Boonto", N. J., A. C. 

7— Northbridge, Mass., Whitesville B. C. 

7— Rockland, Me., Central Wheel Club. 

7— Detroit, Mich , Wheelmen. 

7 -Des VIoines, la , L A. W. Club. 

7— Huntington, Ind , C. C. 

7— Manr-attan Beach, South Brooklyn Wheelmen. 

7— Auburn, N. Y., Caledonian c lub. 

7— Newburgh, N. Y., Wheelmen. 

7- York, Pa , Wheeling Club. 

7— Paterson, N. J., Tourist Cycle Club. 

7— Piqua, O , C. C. 

7— Bayonne, N. J., New Jersey Athletic Club. 

7— Poughkeepsie, N. Y., Bicycle Club 

7— Rochester, N. Y., Athletic Club. 

7— Elmira, N. Y., Kanaweola Cycle Club. 

7— Norwich, Conn., Cycle Club. 

7 - Portsmouth, Ohio, Cycle Club. 

7— Syracuse. N. Y., A. A. 

7— Canton, Ohio, Bicycle Club. 

7— Pueblo, Col., Rovers' Wheel and Athletic Club. 

7— Bridgeport, Conn., Rambling Wheelmen. 

7— Nashville, Tenn.. A. C. 

7— Hammorton, N. J., A. C. 

7— Fitchburg, Mass , Rollstone C. C. 

7 -Westboro. Mass.. Agricultural Society. 

7— Pa'mer, Mass , Race Meet Ass ciation. 

7— Indianapolis— Cycle Tiack Ass'n. 

7— Lima, O., C. C. 

7— Grand Rapids, Mich.. A. B. Richmond. 

7-Red Bank, N. J., Wheelmen. 

7—^ Framingham, Mass., Wayside Park Club. 

8— White River Junction, Vt , State Fair. 

8-Zanesville, O., R. C. 

8-it— Des Moines, la., L. A. W. Club. 

9— Santa Rosa, Cal., Cvcle Park Association. 
20— Philadelphia, Referee Whee:men. 
io-ii— Jersevville 111., C C. 
12— Hartford. Conr., Caritol Wheel Club. 
*2— Lowell, Mass., Spindle City W. 



12— Waverly, N. J., State Fair. 

15— Di.ver, Me. , Central C. C. 

15-16-17— Cape Mav, N. J , County Fair. 

19— Wausau, Win., Wheelmen's Club. 

23-24— Allentown, Pa . Mercury Wheelmen. 

23-24-25— Allentown, Pa., Allen Wheelmen. 

33-26— Jerico, L. I., Queens Co. Fair. 

24-25-26— Chicago, National Cycle Exposition Co. 

25— Poughkeepsie, N. Y., County Fair. 

NOVEMBER. 
2i-»8— Chicago, Ills., National Cycle Exposition Co. 



THE ATLANTIC CITY AND PLEASANTVILLE 

BICYCLE TRACK. 

The fastest five-mile track in the world. Send for 
prospectus. T. W. White, Secretary, 12:0 Atlan ic 
Avenue, Atlantic City, N J. 



PRIZE MEDALS 

JOHN HARRIOTT, 

3 Winter Street, Boston, Mass. 

Always reliable. Send for designs 



• ••• 



CLUB PINS— 



AT SHORT NOTICE. 



Competitors' Numbers, Plain and Neat, with Pins', 

Trainers' Badges. Track Rules, Entry Blanks, 

Regulation L. A. W. Form, Programes, Score 

Cards, Dodgers, Hand Bills, Window 

Hangers, Advertising Matter, 

Any Description. 



PROMPT ESTIMATES. 



THE WHEEL PRESS, 72 Warren St., New York. 

The name of the " HARDY" wheel. A sus- 
pension bicycle will cause all scorchers, racers 
and other hare-brained individuals to grin 
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and apply for our illustrated catalogue on the 
merits of a wheel built like a spring carriage 
for COMFORT. '97 MODEL now ready. 
HARDY CYCLE COMPANY, 4 5-47 West 
67th St., New York City. 



TRAINING, NEW AND OLD STYLE. 

"A great many riders do too much work 
while training," said Tom Cooper to a "News" 
reporter in Buffalo recently. "It used to be the 
fashion to get up every morning and pound 
away for ten or twelve miles at a breakneck 
experience that a little work regu- 
larly done is productive of better re- 
sults. One would think to watch a 
great many men in training that they 
were preparing for a prize fight instead 
of a race, for they don't seem to be satisfied 
until they have great bunches of muscle stand- 
ing out all over their bodies. The result is 
they get muscle-bound, and though they will 
have plenty of endurance and perhaps more 
or less speed some fellow who has trained in 
a more scientific way and kept his muscles 
soft and pliable will follow them around and 
sprint by them on the stretch. 

"A great many people think that the same 
work should be done in training for a race as 
is gone through with in putting a man in shape 
to fight, but the impression is an erroneous 
one. A man in a fight uses every muscle in 
his body, and consequently has to prepare him- 
self for all sorts of manoeuvres, but in racing 
only one set of muscles is used. So the secret 
of success is to keep those muscles in good 
shape and to keep one's general health good. 
Snap and activity are needed more than any- 
thing else, but above all one must have a 
clear head and ability to think and act quickly. 

"I am regular in my habits, not altogether 
from choice, but because I have to be. I usu- 
ally take nine hours' sleep, and never take 
any exercise befoTe breakfast. I don't believe 
in this notion of stinting one's self in the mat- 
ter of diet. I eat whatever I want, and all I 
want. Yes, tea and coffee, too, but of course 
no liquors save an occasional bottle of Bass's 
ale after a hard race. 

"An hour after breakfast I go to the track, 
and if it's early in the season I ride three or 
four miles at a leisurely clip. Usually three of 
us train together, and in this morning exer- 
cise we take turns in pacing, each taking a 
third of a mile. 

"After dinner we get out on the track- again, 
and after warming up do a little sprinting, say 
for an eighth of a mile or so. As the season 
advances we warm things up." 



A Russian racer has died of blood poisoning 
resulting from the chafing produced by an 
ill-fitting saddle. 

The New Zealand Wheelmen declares that 
a century is "a lady's distance." 



5° 



August 21 



FELL, FLOUNDERED AND FINISHED. 

About the first open-air meet held on Man- 
hattan Island since the Manhattan Field track 
was abandoned by the local clubs took place 
at Olympia Park, One Hundred and Thirty- 
fifth street and Lenox avenue, on Saturday 
last. The track is six laps to the mile. The 
turns are sharp, and the banking insufficient. 
As a consequence spills were numerous, but, as 
usual, the riders cut all sorts of gymnastic 
figures without serious injury. Liebold, of the 
Riverside Wheelmen, had the turns down to a 
fine point, and established a track record for a 
half, unpaced, by riding the distance in 
1:16 2-5. Mockridge, paced, negotiated the 
distance in 1:14. The match race between 
two nine-year-old boys was declared off by the 
referee on account of their youth. About 2,000 
spectators attended. Summary: 

One Mile, Novice— 1, George Rudolph, Morris 
Heights; 2, William Hamilton, W. C; 3, Henry 
Hoffman, P.W. Time— 2:40. 

Two-Mile, Handicap— Final heat— 1, W. G. Gal- 
lagher, G. W. (120 yards); 2, T. D. Richardson, 
New York (130 yards) ; 3, J. P. Williams, R. W. 
(120 yards). Time— 2:25. 

Half-Mile, Scratch— First heat— 1, L. V. Mock- 
ridge, H. W.; 2, W. H. Owen, K. A. C; 3, B. T. 
Allen, L. W. Time— 1:10. Second heat— 1, J. H. 
Lake, H. W.; 2, H. Y. Bedell, R. W.; 3, W. A. 
Brown, K. A. C. Time— 1:18 4-5. Final heat— 1, 
Bedell; 2, Allen; 3, Owens. Time— 1:19. 

Two-Mile, Handicap— Final heat— 1, J. W. 
Eaton, Oyster Bay, L. I. (200 yards); 2, Morris 
Glasel. G. W. (180 yards); 3, S R. Hall, H. W. 
(110 yards). Time— 5:09. 



Five-mile handicap— 1, W. A. Rulon; 2, Carrol 
Jack; 3, Edward Brighthurst; 4, A. C. Meixell. 
Time— 10:04. 



IN THE LEHIGH VALLEY. 

Allentown, Pa., Aug. 15.— The most satisfac- 
tory and successful bicycle meet ever held in 
the Lehigh Valley was that at the Manhattan 
track, Rittersville, midway between Allentown 
and Bethlehem, under the auspices of the Mer- 
cury Wheelmen, of this city. The attendance 
was large, and the contests were, in the main, 
close and exciting. Ripley won the half-mile 
open, after a desperate finish with Dawson and 
Corser. Summaries: 

One-mile novice— 1, John Noll, Allentown; 2, 
E. A. Dome, Bethlehem; 3, A. S. Deem, Read- 
ing. Time— 2:29%. 

Three-mile handicap— 1, E. S. Youz, Reading; 
2, C. G. Kidd, Bethlehem; 3, N. E. Danner, Allen- 
town. Time— 7:091-5. 

One mile, 2:40 class— 1, C. G. Kidd, Bethlehem; 
2, E. B. Gilbert, Allentown; 3, Morris M. Hunter, 
Philadelphia. Time— 2:38 4-5. 

Mile open— 1, J. B. Corser, Allentown; 2, R. W. 
Grouse, Allentown; 3, Bert Ripley, Newark. 
Time— 2:13 3-5. 

Half-mile open— 1, Bert Ripley, Newark; 2, 
Ray Dawson, Boonton, N. J.; 3, J. B. Corser, 
Allentown. Time— l:u5. 

R. W. Crouse, Allentown, paced by Williams 
brothers on a tandem, and a triplet, made two 
miles in 4:16. lowering the State record by 9 1-5 
seconds. 

UNDER THE ARCS. 

Electric light racing made a decided hit at 
Harrisburg, Penn., August 11. Nearly 4,000 
enthusiastic spectators occupied the grand 
stand. In the final of the two-mile handicap 
a bad spill resulted in W. A. Weazel, of Phila- 
delphia, having his collar-bone broken in two 
places. C. Bowers, of Riverton, was knocked 
unconscious, but revived after a physician's 
aid. Summary: 

Two-mile handicap, professional— Final— 1, H. 
Maddox; 2, W. A. Rulon; 3, Ed. Brighthurst. 
Time— 5:21 2-5. 

One-mile open— Final— 1, Craig Stewart; 2, W. 
A. Lantz; 3, A. Bateman. Time— 2:40. 

One-mile open, professional— First heat— 1, H. 
E. Bartholomew; 2, J. L. Ives; 3, E. S. Acker. 
Time— 2:49 2-5. Second heat— 1, H. H. Maddox; 
2, W. A. Rulon; 3, W. R. Landis. Time— 2:37 4-5. 
Final— 1, H. E. Bartholomew; 2, E. S. Acker; 3, 
H. H. Maddox. Time-2:24. 

Two-mile handicap— 1, Craig Stewart; 2, W. A. 
Lantz; 3, George W. Kehl. Time— 2:24. 



POT-HUNTERS' COTERIE. 

Quite a coterie of pot-hunters visited Cox- 
sackie, N. Y., August 12, and battled for the 
prizes offered by the Coxsackie C. C. The 
attendance was good, and the track fast. In 
the mile open Decker, of Ashley Falls, had 
his collar-bone broken. Summary: 

Quarter-mile open— 1, E. W. Murray, Syra- 
cuse; 2, W. S. Barbeau, New York; 3, G. H. 
Knight, Housatonic, Mass. Time— 3 :03 3-5. 

Mile, 2:40 class— 1, Goldie Meachem, Syracuse; 
2, Jack Jasper, Bayonne; 3, W. S. Barbeau. 
Time— 2:351-5. 

Mile handicap— 1, E. A. Oakes, Housatonic; 2, 
Goldie Meachem, Syracuse; 3. G. B. Smith, Free 
port, L. I. Time— 2:15. 

Half-mile open— 1, G. H. Knight, Housatonic; 
2, E. W. Murray; 3, G. B. Smith. Time— 1:12. 

Two-mile open— 1, E. W. Murray; 2, W. S. 
Barbeau; 3, Frederick W. Richt. Time— 6:27. 



ONLY 300 ONLOOKERS. 



Night races at Portsmouth, N. H., August 
7, attracted only 300 spectators. S. P. Dodge, 
of Manchester, attempted to wrest the State 
championship cup from A. E. Windley, who 
holds it with a record of 2:25 2-5, but Dodge 
made only 2:29. 

Quarter-mile— 1, Ira Newick, Portsmouth; 2, 
C. M. Hayes, Sanford; 3, E. W. Hutchins, Ex- 
eter. Time— 0:35 2-5. 

Half-mile open— 1, T. A. Regan, Waltham; 2; 
George R. Newick, Portsmouth; 3, J. Fred Simp- 
son, Newfields. Time— 1 :15 2-5. 

Two-mile handicap— 1, J. Fred Simpson; 2, 
Thomas A. Regan; 3, C. H. Newick; 4, Fred 
Kent, Rowley. Time— 5:12 4-5. 

Half-mile handicap— 1, J. Fred Simpson; 2, A. 
R. Winkley, Barrington; 3, S. P. Dodge, Man- 
chester. Time— 1:05 3-5. 



KRICK CONTINUES CAPTURING. 

Berwick, Pa., Aug. 15. — The third race 
meet of the Berwick Bicycle Club, held here 
this afternoon, was the most interesting and 
successful yet held. The track was in prime 
condition. Krick, of Reading, captured the 
mile open. The principal events resulted as 
follows: 

Half-mile, open— 1, Charles Coleman, Scranton; 

2, C. W. Krick, Reading; 3, Will McMichael, Ber- 
wick. Time— 1:10%. 

Mile, open— 1, C. W. Krick; 2, Charles Coleman; 

3, B. F. KeUar, Scranton. Time— 2:43. 
Two-mile lap race— 1, C. W. Krick; 2, Craig 

Stewart, Harrisburg; 3, R. A. Gregory, Scran- 
ton. 

Three-mile handicap— 1, B. F. Kellar (100 
yards); 2, W. E. Dickerson, Palmyra, N. J. (150 
yards); 3, Will McMichael (200 yards). 



EVERYTHING PERFECT. 

Altoona, Pa., Aug. 15. — Perfect weather and a 
splendid track were the two auspicious circum- 
stances which marked to-day's meet held at 
the Driving Park. About 1,500 enthusiastic 
spectators saw the events. Summary: 

One-mile novice— 1, S. H. Kennedy, Spruce 
Creek; 2, H. E. Evans, Altoona. Time— 2:48y 2 . 

One-mile open— 1, W. P. McClay, Huntingdon; 
2, F. H. Smith, Altoona, 3, Roy Rung, Hunting- 
don. Time— 2:45%. 

One-mile handicap— 1, C._V- Reel, Johnstown; 2, 
E. L. Geer, Johnstown; 3, F. H. Smith, Altoona. 
Time— 2:31. 

Two miles— 1, D. P. Feterman, Johnstown. F. 
H. Smith, Altoona; T. Hudson, Phillipsburg, and 
R. L. Rose, Tyrone, tied for second place. A 
half was run to decide the winner, which Rose 
won. Time— 6:liy 2 . 



The gladness of the many who go spinning 
down the roads on wheels and who think 
nature's blunder was in not making wheels a 
part of man's anatomy seems to bring sad- 
ness to the few whose wares are no longer in 
such demand as before the invention of pneu- 
matic tires and ball bearings. 



POPULAR SORT OF A PRIZE. 

"Brassards" are booming. The original 
"Brassard" was a race which paid the winner 
of it a daily income of $4 so long as he was 
able to defend it from all challengers. So suc- 
cessful was this form of prize that there is 
now to be another one— a Brassard No. 2 for 
stayers. The holder of this has an income of 20 
francs a day, but is obliged to take up any 
challenges on the distance of 50 kilometres, 50 
miles, or 100 kilometres, which may be thrown 
down, on condition that these challenges are 
backed up by a deposit of $200, to be the prop- 
erty of the winner of the match. 

No wonder this makes the track people rub 
their hands, smile and feel happy; for instead 
of having to hang up a prize of from $200 to 
$400 every Sunday, they have a match (which 
the public like better than a race) practically 
every week, for the cost of two Brassards— $8 
a day. 



TRIALS IN THE MORNING. 

In anticipation of a large entry list, the 
promoters of the National circuit meet at 
Meriden, Conn., August 29, have arranged to 
run the trial heats in the morning, in order to 
permit the visiting riders to make good con- 
nections with the railroads. The circuit- 
chasers have always been well treated at the 
Meriden meets, and the appearance of about 
all the cracks is assured. Henry Goodman 
will referee the meet. 



KEEP YOUR HAWK EYE ON THIS. 

Cash prizes to the amount of $350 in the 
professional events, and a similar amount in 
prizes for amateurs, are offered by the Hawk- 
eye Cycle Exhibition Co. for their meet at 
Dubuque, la., September 5 and 7. Six races 
will be run each day. Entry blanks can be 
secured by addressing F. L. Egelhof, mana- 
ger, Dubuque, la. 



PAYS TO BE A CRACK. 

The reports that there is no more money to 
be made out of racing in France seems hardly 
borne out by Jacquelin's winnmgs, which 
amount to $10,128 since January 1. Inferior 
riders naturally win inferior prizes, but 
Jacquelin's success shows that good men can 
still get good money in France if they ride 
fast enough. 



SPRINTS AND SPURTS. 

The great Interstate Fair which annually 
takes place at Trenton, N. J., is to have a 
wheelmen's day this year. The date is Mon- 
day, September 28. Five amateur and two 
professional events are on the card. John 
Guild Muirheid, secretary, Box 105, Trenton, 
N. J., will send blanks and information upon 
application. 

The half-mile cycle track at Flushing, L. I., 
will be the scene of the Mercury Wheel 
Club's fourth annual meet on August 29. 
Five open events are on the card. The feat- 
ure of the meet will be the mile champion- 
ship of Long Island. 

E. Matthel and C. P. Hasbrouck divided 
honors at the Castle Point Cyclers races, Ho- 
boken, N. J., August 15. The former won the 
half and mile scratch, and the latter the two 
handicaps from scratch. 

The fractional times of Platt-Betts standing 
start paced records are: One-quarter, 0:30 3-5; 
one-half, 0:55 4-5; three-quarters, 1:211-5; 
one mile, 1:48. 

The racer is often a man who could not 
earn $10 per week at any other profession 
than speed making. 

A French paper refers to a scratch race as 
"course des scratches/' 



1896. 



5i 




2S 



FOWLER SUCCESS 



- IN '96 - 



is becoming a matter of history. It is the sensation of the cycling worlds 
the fitting culmination of our honest endeavor to build a good wheel and 
treat our agents right. A policy that upheld our prices and sold our entire 
output. 



\*4i£z. 



in '97 will be all it is in '96 — the acme of high-grade cycle construction. Built 
with that necessary and distinctive feature of a strictly high-grade wheel — 



The Fowler Truss Frame. 



It's not too early to begin to string your wires for '97 if you want to 
be in with us. We're not ready to talk to you yet; merely want to give 
you a straight tip. 

FOWLER ACEMS ARE TREATED WHITE. 



ASK THEM AND SEE US LATER. 



FOWLER CYCLE MFG. COMPANY, 

CHICAGO, 

New York, Boston, Providence, Washington, 

- - - LONDON. 









mmmmm mmmmmmmmmssmmm 



Mention The Wheel. 



52 



August 21, 




Pneumatic saddles were used more than 
twenty years ago. 

The girl who wears a duck riding costume 
is often a little goose. 

What you tell some people about cycling- 
goes in at one ear and. out at the mouth. 

It is the destiny of the bicycle to revolu- 
tionize the carrying agents of the world. 

San Francisco has a clergyman who 
preaches his sermons while clad in cycling 
costume. 

A strong solution of soda in hot water will 
be found excellent as a speedy cleansing agent 
for lamps. 

Verily the pedal-maker has done much to 
keep the different classes of cycling on the 
same footing. 

Why don't somebody say he'd rather ride 
fifty years on a trolley in Europe than one on 
a bicycle in Cathay? 

A cloth saddle-cover will prevent the wheel- 
woman's costume from becoming shiny 
through saddle wear. 

Now cycling is hailed as a certain cure 
for hay fever. Will the bicycle ever let up in 
its warfare upon the poor farmer? 

Brazil has a cyclo-hippo club to which no 
one is eligible for membership who does not 
own and ride both horse and cycle. 

Brunswick, Ga., has a colored wheelwoman's 
club. White women are ineligible to member- 
ship in this exclusive organization. 

Women are too often induced to purchase 
a poor wheel through the color of its enam- 
elling and the brightness of its nickel. 

Cleopatra must have been a wheelwoman, 
for did not Anthony advise her: "Of Caesar 
seek your honor, with your safety"? 

It is painful to see a man trying to edit the 
cycle column on a daily paper with a head 
that nature intended for a pin cushion. 

Cook's tourists will in the future be mounted 
on bicycles when the tourists prefer that 
method of locomotion in his foreign trips. 

Talking of bimetallism, bicycling and wheel- 
women, there is certainly something very at- 
tractive in the figure of sweet sixteen to one. 

Oil and graphite, well mixed and plentifully 
applied to nuts and bolts, will prevent them 
rusting and becoming difficult of loosening. 

When you see the wheeling army of to-day 
you are very much inclined to ask; What did 
all these people do before bicycles were in- 
vented? 

A philosopher observes: "Six things are 
requisite to create a happy home. One of 
these is a good bicycle, and the other five are 
money." 

Governor Flower is a great advocate of 
bloomers, and says he dearly loves the bloom- 
er girl. The more she blooms the better he 
likes her. 



Even pedalling produces easy steering; vary- 
ing the pedal pressure has a corresponding 
influence on the straight running of the steer- 
ing wheel. 

The New York Street Cleaning Department 
has just purchased forty bicycles, for use by 
foremen and inspectors, at a cost of $52.50 for 
each wheel. 

Somehow the dollars that you get for your 
old wheel when you sell it never seem nearly 
so valuable as the ones you have to fork over 
for a new machine. 

If you think a road is perfect, travel over it 
on a bicycle. At the end of your journey you 
will no longer have any doubt on the ques- 
tion — you will know. 

The wheel, because of its great carrying 
power, seems to have partly overcome gravi- 
tation, in that the weight seems lessened, with 
no apparent reason for its decrease. 

It has already been practically and con- 
clusively demonstrated that in proportion to 
its weight and strength the bicycle can carry 
more weight than any other vehicle invented 
by man. 



Morgan xWrightHres 
are good tires 



OUR QUICK- REPAIR TIRE IS A 

GRAND SUCCESS - CATALOGUE 

TELLS ALL ABOUT IT 



BEFORE STICKING IN TOOL 



Morgan & Wright 



A sensation is being caused at the "shoot 
the chutes" slide at St. Louis, by a cyclist 
who rides down the steep wooden incline on a 
Syracuse wheel. The chute is 400 feet long, 
which the rider comes down in 3% seconds. 

The exigencies of the political battle is what 
will easiest explain the reported American or- 
der for a hundred bicycles from a Japanese 
cycle factory. The machines, if they are ever 
seen, will be used as a bugaboo to frighten 
cycle makers and employes into the protective 
tariff camp. 

Few persons realize the carrying power of 
the fragile, cobweb-like construction which is 
to-day so common upon the streets in the 
shape of the various forms of cycles, and sta- 
tistics indicate most conclusively that a new 
era in carrying and locomotive power has al- 
ready dawned. 

Eleanor Kirk says: "No sane person can 
possibly dispute the truth that women have 
just as much right to leg freedom as men." 
This statement is made in a dissertation on 
the benefits which the bicycle has conferred 
on suffering humanity, and Eleanor is very 
near right in the claim she makes. 



The table of rates of the Midland Railway 
of England shows a graded scale of charges, 
by which it is shown that to carry a bicycle 
500 miles would cost a man $3 if he assumed 
all risks, and $3.74 if the risk was borne by 
the railway company. 

When a machine is left standing for a long 
period— say for several weeks or months— it 
is wise to turn the wheels occasionally, so that 
the weight may not always be borne by the 
same part of the tire. It tends to injure the 
tires if the machine rests too long on one part. 

Spanish cyclists do not seem to lose time; 
on July 4 a new club, the Pena Cyclists, was 
formed, which owns already a two hundred 
metres cement track, connected with a club- 
house with all desirable facilities, including 
even a repair shop. 

After long negotiations the Massachusetts 
Bicycle Club has purchased a fine lot of land 
a few feet from Boston's Parkway. A Colonial 
brick building, four stories high, with marble 
trimmings, will be erected there, at a cost of 
about $20,000, and the interior will be ar- 
ranged according to the modern designs for 
cycle clubs. 

Of all modes of locomotion, from the crib 
to the hobbyhorse, from the horse ridden to 
the hounds by the huntress down to the bicy- 
cle, the latter has done the most for the female 
sex, in health, in sociability and in morality, 
but that, like the poor, woman is always ex- 
pected to have with her on or off the steel 
steed or any other. 

A wheelwoman has brought suit for $1,000 
against the City of Rochester. She states that 
the city's contractor was engaged in construct- 
ing a sewer in the street, and that the obstruc- 
tions were not properly guarded with lights, 
in consequence of which she and the wheel 
she rode were damaged by riding into the un- 
guarded excavation. 

The bicycle takes men and women into the 
open air and the beautiful country. It gives 
them exhilarating exercise. It conduces to 
temperance and weans from the empty idle- 
ness which is the handmaid of Satan; in short, 
it tones up mind and body and this is the first 
step to the toning up of the moral nature. It 
leads no one to sin who is not prone to find it. 

The costume for cycling is perhaps the most 
urgent question of the hour. Of course the 
world takes a certain degree of interest in the 
Cretans and the Sublime Porte, and without 
doubt Americans grow more or less excited 
over the political issues in this country, but 
such little matters must retreat in as good 
order as they can before the overwhelming 
importance of the bicycle and the proper cos- 
tume therefor. 

The impression is now almost universal that 
the wheel is the greatest reform propagandist 
extant, and that whatever it demands will be 
accorded sooner or later. It is our modern 
despot, but on the whole a very benign one. 
So far as women are concerned, it is a sort of 
emancipation proclamation, and the revolu- 
tion in dress which is in progress will ulti- 
mately result in as much good to the human 
race as electricity or steam. 

One of Pittsburg's Common Councilmen 
has a scheme to introduce the bicycle into 
another department of city affairs. He wants 
it utilized in the fire service, and claims it 
will save the city money. At the next meet- 
ing of the Council he will present an ordi- 
nance establishing a cycle department at 
every engine-house. His scheme is to have 
a tandem placed at the houses equipped with 
one or two Babcock fire extinguishers to be 
placed under the handle-bars. 



i8 9 6. 



53 














WORLD'S MILE COMPETITION RECORD BROKEN 

TWICE IN ONE WEEK BY 

MR. JAY EATON, 

THE INDOOR KING, 



WORLD -RACER 

MILE INDOOR RECORD COMPETITION, 2.10, on an eight-lap track. 
Eaton also won Four Firsts at Nashville, Tenn. 

AT THE COLISEUM, CHICAGO, 

Eaton again First in every race, and lowers the MILE RECORD to 2.07 — 
Unpaced Standing. 







Mr. J. W. PARSONS, Australian Champion, 

on a " World Racer," lowers the World's Record Flying to 2.01, and ^-Mile to 1.29, indoors. 



AGENTS WRITE US. 




ARNOLD, SCHWINN & CO., 



OR— 
DISTRIBUTING AGENTS 



PEORIA AND LAKE STREETS, CHICAGO, ILL., U.S.A. 



E K. TRYON, JR., & CO., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, So. New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. 

H. B. SHATTUCK & SON, Boston, New England States. 

HOOKER & CO , San Francisco, Pacific Coast. 

GEORGE L. SEAGER, Des Moines, la., Iowa. Kindly mention The Wheel 








54 



August 21, 



A SKETCH IN BLACK AND WHITE. 

To the Northerner the negro, that is, the 
genuine Southern negro, unspoiled by at- 
tempted aping- of his betters, is a thing of in- 
finite surprises and queer conceits. To the 
Southerner, who better knows and under- 
stands the negro's characteristics and humor, 
the man of color is known to possess an un- 
limited fund of quaint expression and a 
boundless capacity for belief in the personal 
care which he feels a kind Providence has for 
him and his affairs. 

Perhaps all this is better illustrated in the 
following story, told in a Pullman car loaded 
with Northern visitors returning from Louis- 
ville. Said the historian: "It was a number 
of years ago, and I, naturally, was younger 
than I am now, consequently the love of 
adventure exceeded my love of ease, and I 
was exploring the sandy, stony and crooked 
roads of Southern Georgia, mounted on an 
old ordinary. I had concluded that such ex- 
ploration was not worth the energy and risk 
attending it, and finally landed at a dilapi- 
dated little hole-in-the-ground railroad 
station. 

"My enthusiasm for such touring had been 
alternately shaken, sweated and starved out 
of me, and I had concluded that I had 
enough. Railroads, even Southern railroads, 
were good enough travelling for me just at 
that time, and so I had ridden and walked 
to that tumble down apology for a station. 
Leaving my wheel up against the weather- 
stained building, I sat down on the platform, 
and disgusted and dejected, gazed upon the 
surrounding scene, while half-heartedly I 
fought off the cloud of gnats and mosquitoes 
which had assembled to speed and sample 
the parting guest. Shiftlessness, doubtful- 
ness and their attendant poverty were every- 
where visible. 

"Across the narrow thing of ruts and dust 
which did duty for a road was a cabin so 
dilapidated that I wondered how it held to- 
gether. A little negro child, certainly not 
over six years of age, whose head was a 
network of plaited tufts of kinky hair, each 
tuft wrapped with string and bound to its 
mate with twine, came slowly across the road 
to where I sat listlessly awaiting her ar- 
rival. 

"Clothed in but a single garment, fright- 
ened by the stranger it addressed, the child 
burst into tears, but before it ran back to 
where it had come from it had asked me if 
I would go over to the cabin. I went. An 
ancient and venerable Uncle Tomish sort of 
negro and his wife sat beside a rough bed, 
upon the variegated counterpane of which 
lay the wasted frame of a boy, who, it was 
plain to see, was in the final stages of that 
curse of Southern life — consumption. Those 
who gazed upon him and wept were his 
parents. 

"Brought face to face with this solemn 
scene, I turned to the old man and asked 
him why I had been summoned. Before the 
answer could be given the dying boy feebly 
motioned me to him and said: 

" 'White boy, I'ze got ter die. I nebber 
done seen but one bysickle in all my bo'n 
days, an' I wanted to jist ride one mighty 
bad, but I'ze got ter go. I wuz jest hangin' 
on all last y'ar, but no byscikle ebber dun 
com' dis yer way till you did, and' now it 
am too late.' 

"The dying boy's eyes glistened, his lips, 
parched with fever, were tight-drawn against 
his glistening teeth as he labored and fought 
for the breath that was fast leaving him. 

"In that lonely Georgia cabin the end was 
coming to that poor ignorant boy, as in time 
it must come to all, but his whole life for a 
year or more had been wrapped up in what 
was to him the unattainable— the possession 
of a bicycle and the ability to ride it. Now, 



as he was passing away, this love of an ig- 
norant mind focussed upon the wheel and be- 
came, from constant thought, the only sub- 
ject that fast-fading brain could comprehend. 
Moved at the sight, I asked the boy what I 
could do for him. 

" 'I wanted to ax you if dar was any by- 
sickles up in hebben. If dar's golden streets 
an' harps an' folkses why ain't dar by- 
sickles, too?' 

" 'There may be,' I answered upon receiving 
a prompting nod from the old woman. 

" 'Will dey sell 'em same as dey do down 
hyar?' 

" 'I should think not,' I answered, deter- 
mined to carry out the deception to the end. 
'If they are there at all you'll get one without 
cost. 

"The boy's breath came fast and sharp; 
a fleck of blood stained his thin blue lips; he 
closed his eyes as though to look upon so 
pleasant a picture, and then, with a faint 
smile and an effort to raise himself up from 
his wretched bed, he cried: 

"Glory! glory! Hit's all right now! I'ze 
mighty willin' to be tooken any minnit. Good- 
by, mammy! Lawd bress you, white boy! 
Call in de folkses, mammy, an' let me tell 
'em goodby, for befo* de sun done sot dis 
evenin' I'll be in de promise' land an' hab one 
"of dem bicycles!' 

"As usual in the South the train was late, 
and before it came' that little six-year-old bit 
of ebony had come over to where I sat and 
informed me 'dat he done gone to git dat by- 
sickle.' The unnamed he referred to being 
presumed to be the dying boy." 

The story finished, silence fell upon the 
listeners, and none sought to make light of 
the abounding faith of that poor negro lad's 
soul, which caused him to pass over the 
border certain of his future reward and 
happiness. 



MAKING THEM PAY. 



The Board of Directors of the Wheelway 
League has decided to adopt a toll system, 
charging all but members and friends ac- 
companying them for the privilege of using 
the famous Indianapolis cycle path. This has 
been done for the reason that subscriptions 
are not sufficient to make the contemplated 
extensions to the path and to keep it in re- 
pair. | j 

Single tickets will sell for 5 cents, but a 
coupon ticket book will be issued containing 
eight tickets, and the price of these books will 
be 25 cents. Ladies unaccompanied by a gen- 
tleman will be charged 5 cents unless holding 
a League button. The $1 buttons entitle the 
holder to ride for the rest of this year on the 
path, and to take one lady with him. 

In a short time new buttons will be issued 
to members holding $5 shares; holders thereof 
have life membership, and are so entitled to 
ride on the path and to take their families 
with them at any time. 

The directors have adopted a resolution pro- 
hibiting the erection of booths or other struc- 
tures along the cycle path except with the 
permission of the League, and in case such 
structures are erected the Committee on Con- 
struction is directed to take steps to have them 
removed or to destroy their purpose by build- 
ing high board fences along the path to cut 
them off from the view of wheelmen who pass. 



Few men who ride brakeless wheels, tan- 
dems particularly, conceive how great is the 
energy they consume in back-pedaling. As a 
saver of strength on a long ride, a brake is 
worth several times its weight in silver. Its 
mission is not wholly to prevent accidents. 

Show windows do not always contain de- 
sirable shows where cycles are the objects 
shown. 



CYCLING AND CIGAR SMOKING. 

Says "Tobacco": While the bicycle may 
have had some effect on the tobacco dealer 
and the consumption of the fumigatory wares 
which he sells, it certainly has had no greater 
effect than ball playing, lawn tennis or any 
other athletic outdoor sport, all of which 
have greatly increased in volume during the 
last few years, without any such hysterical 
nonsense being called forth. 

Coming to the consumption question, a well- 
known rider, in speaking on this matter, es- 
timated that the average rider, on a Sunday, 
covered about twenty miles, and that this 
occupied his time from two to three hours. 
This much space is undoubtedly closed to to- 
bacco consumption, but no smoker smokes 
uninterruptedly from getting up to going to 
bed, and the first thing the average bicyclist 
appears to do on dismounting from his wheel 
is to light up. 

Let any student of this matter visit any of 
the hundred-and-one roadhouses, etc., in the 
vicinity of any great city, note the great in- 
flux of bicycle riders, the way they lay off, 
smoking almost all the time, until returning 
calls them to the wheel. Further than this 
the figures of production do not point to any 
such decrease as a million cigars a day, but, 
on the contrary, the production of cigars for 
the fiscal year of 1895-6, closing June 30, 1896, 
shows a gain over the record of the previous 
year of 73,783,504; cigarettes increased 722,- 
356,543; manufactured tobacco, 5,397,500 
pounds; and snuff, 1,717,125 pounds; while 
the increase in each department for the fiscal 
year of 1894-5 was nearly as great over the 
record of 1893-4. 

This should surely be sufficient to settle this 
absurd story of how cycling is directly respon- 
sible for a direct decrease in the sale of 1,000,- 
000 cigars daily to any mind capable of grasp- 
ing facts and deducting reason therefrom; for 
it must be remembered that if the bicycle has 
caused any decrease in consumption, there 
is not only the fair increases in production 
shown above to be accounted for, but the de- 
crease claimed must first be made up be- 
fore any such increase is possible. And in 
this one feature would appear to be the nub 
of the entire matter to Dractical minds. 



PNEUMATICS FIFTY YEARS AGO. 

If some one was to come to you and tell you 
that the pneumatic tire was in practical use 
in 1847, and on the wheels of cabs at that, you 
would probably laugh at the statement, would 
you not? Yet in the Scientific American, May 
8, 1847, appears the following: 

"A number of cabs with newly invented 
wheels have just been put on the pave here. 
Their novelty consists in the entire absence of 
springs. A hollow tube of India rubber about 
a foot in diameter, inflated with air, encircles 
each wheel in the manner of a tire, and with 
the addition of this simple but novel appen- 
dage the vehicle glides noiselessly along, 
affording the greatest possible amount of cab 
comfort to the passengers." 

Verily, it does seem as though there was 
nothing new under the sun. 



WHAT CYCLE MASHERS ARE. 

"I have remarked one thing," said the ob- 
serving young woman who was telling of her 
annoyance by the cycle masher, "and that is 
that very few athletic, well-built fellows an- 
noy women in this way. 

"It is only the measley, spavined, pimply 
complexioned, sore-eyed cads, the lightweight, 
feather-headed creatures, the roller-skating- 
rink breed, as a rule, who insult and affront 
wheelwomen in this loose fashion." 



There are business as well as physical hypo- 
chondriacs. The cycle trade proves this. 



1896. 



55 




56 



August 2f, 



WHY RETAILERS FAIL. 

L. F. Korns, of Minneapolis, is as familiar 
with the evolutions of the retail trade since 
the days of the high wheel, as any man in 
the Northwest. In reply to a question bear- 
ing on the cause of the recent failures, he 
speaks in a manner which will be approved 
by many a retail dealer. "About two hun- 
dred houses sold wheels here this year," says 
Mr. Korr.s. "They contracted for wheels 
which they could not get fast enough in the 
early spring. Deceived by this state of trade 
they urged the makers for wheels. Suddenly 
the rabid buyer began to talk about waiting 
until next year to make his purchase. The 
dealer finds himself with a year's lease on his 
hands for a ninety days' business. Customers 
offer him less than his wheels cost, and, on 
remonstrance, lecture him on the cost of his 
bicycles. They rarely do this on any class of 
goods except bicycles. Nearly every pur- 
chaser has a speech of this kind for the cycle 
dealer. With such conditions confronting 
him, and such are the conditions in this city 
to-day, the cycle dealer has an easy road to 
failure. 

"Take, for instance, the renting of wheels, 
and some sharp lessons are to be learned, or 
failure is the result. Stores are besieged by 
people who want to rent a wheel during the 
cream of the season for a sum less than the 
depreciation of value to the machine. They 
will have only a new wheel, and refuse to pay 
over $5 a month. Now, a wheel cannot be 
rented over Ave months. This would make 
$25. These same people refuse to pay you 
over $25 for the best second-hand wheel in 
your store. Now, if your renting wheel cost 
you a cent over $50, you would have abso- 
lutely nothing for your business, and then 
there is a bill for repairs which has not been 
counted. These people do not go to livery 
stables and ask for sleighs at July rates for 
January use, but somehow they drop in to 
see us. Some cycle dealers accede to their 
wishes. 

"Another answer to the question: 'Why are 
so many cycle dealers failing?' 

"Why, a man got mad the other day be- 
cause he could not rent a tandem for 75 
cents a day. A boat costs $12, does not 
change style in twenty years, is exposed to 
little danger of accident, and rents for 25 
cents per hour, and this man wanted a $150 
tandem for 75 cents per day, and would not 
rent a last year's machine. 

"The cycle dealer who does not fail is one 
who maintains a scale of prices that pays 
for goods and expenses, and when the public 
refuses to pay these prices, has neither wheels 
nor lease on his hands." 



ACCURACY'S LIMIT REACHED. 

It is really wonderful to what degree of ac- 
curacy the manufacture of steel balls has 
reached. The Excelsior Machine Co., Buf- 
falo, N. T., are turning out steel balls which 
they guarantee do not vary one-four-thous- 
andths of an inch. A WHEEL, man last week 
was shown fifty balls picked out at random 
that by actual micrometer measurement djd 
not show a difference of one-six-thousandth. 
This means such an infinitesimal quantity 
that the usual micrometer would not measure, 
and a special apparatus is necessary. The 
demand for this company's output has in- 
creased so materially that it necessitated en- 
larging their plant to double its present size 
and they will soon be in a position to turn 
out 15,000,000 balls a month. 



INCORPORATED NOW. 



The firm of Butler & Ward, Newark, N. J., 
manufacturers of bicycle saddles and leather 
goods, was incorporated August 1, under the 
name of the Butler & Ward Company. The 
business will be continued as heretofore. The 
officers are Eugene Ward, president; John S. 
Mitchell, vice-president and treasurer; George 
F. Anderson, secretary. 



SPOKE STRINGING AND REPAIRING. ^\ 

Stringing wheels is an art acquired only by 
long experience in the shops where the wheels 
are made. The repairer of bicycles, however, 
has often to replace broken spokes in wheels, 
and after a while becomes familiar with the 
work. The success depends very much upon 
getting started right. In adjusting a spoke in 
the type of wheel hub shown in Fig. 1, care 
should be taken to get the spoke in line with 
the centre. A good way is to get the correct 
line of the centre first with a line reaching 
across the middle of the hub at B and extend- 
ing to the rim. The spoke should harmonize 
with the line at C, and not be out of true as 
marked A. Neither should the spoke slant 
sideways, as indicated in D in the sectional 
view. 

The trouble with the setting of spoke 
E is that the hole is cut slanting. The only 
remedy for this is to bend the spoke to corre- 




spond with the irregularity. Spokes some- 
times break off close to the hub, as shown at 
F. Instead of trying to cut out the butt, run 
in a small drill, G, making a hole in the stub 
in which to drive a pin. With the plyers this 
pin may be turned and the stub removed. 
When spokes of the style shown in Fig. 2 are 
handled, perfect alignment is also essential. 
If a spoke is inserted and the end laid over 
as marked A, the elasticity of the wire is not 
so manifest as when the end is laid over as in 
C. If the spoke itself is out of line with the 
centre, like B, its firmness is affected, and if 
many of the spokes are like it the wheel will 
break down. In putting in these kinds of 
spokes, there will be a general looseness to 
the whole work if several spokes are laid in 
like D in the sectional view; if like E, the wear 
will come upon the edges of the inner bend 
and result in wearing off the wire. Lay in all 
these spokes, even like F, and they will go all 
right 



A good many wheels are strung with 
the type of spoke setting shown in Fig. 3. In 
fixing in new spokes in this kind, avoid get- 
ting the pairs untrue with the common centre 
of the hub, as represented by A. Get them 
true by lining up from the middle of the wheel, 
bearing to the middle of the connection of the 
pair of spokes as indicated by B. A rattly 
wheel all riders dislike, and a wheel will rat- 
tle if the spokes of this type are headed up 
loosely, as exemplified by D in the sectional 
drawing, in which there is too much space be- 
tween the bend in the wire and the head. 

Often wheelmen come into our shop with 
wires broken out because some one in head- 
ing up the ends continued to pound after the 
wire had tightened in the flange, resulting in 
starting the head as marked in E. This is the 
other extreme to the case D. Simply make a 
good, even, fairly loose setting as in F, and 
the wire will neither rattle nor the head break 
off. Recently a wheelman got his wheel 
caught between the footboard of a car and a 
team in such a way that the flange on one 
side of a wheel hub was snapped off, as 
marked A in Fig. 1. This we fixed by rivet- 
ing on the patch of sheet brass as shown at 
B, resulting in a job which answered all pur- 
poses. Several of the spokes had to be taken 
out and lengthened, as the patch added to the 
width of the flange. The spokes were laid in 
both flange and patch, as represented by C. 
G. D. RICE. 



WILL MAKE EVERYTHING. 

Bicycles will be added to the products of 
Harrisburg, Pa., next year. The W. O. Hickok 
Manufacturing Company, with a paid-in capi- 
tal of $200,000, manufacturers of bookbind- 
ers' outfits, is the firm that contemplates the 
departure. The company has established an 
enviable reputation for excellent machinery 
not alone throughout the United States, but 
in many foreign countries where its machines 
are well known. The company has deemed it 
advisable to take up the manufacture of bi- 
cycles, because, first, it has buildings which 
are available for this class of work without 
interfering with its regular line of manufact- 
ures; second, because in its other or hereto- 
fore established lines it has required very 
many special machines and special tools which 
can now be readily and with slight expense 
turned to the manufacture of bicycles. 

A foreman has been secured with experience 
gained by years of actual working in cycle 
factories and superintending like establish- 
ments, who will be placed in charge of this 
department. "One can readily see," the com- 
pany write, "that with the many facilities 
and the great saving in running expenses 
which may be accomplished in the combining 
of the two departments, those of bicycle build- 
ing and machinery construction, the chances 
of success are most excellent, and the pros- 
pective purchaser of the wheels made by us 
may feel sure of a thoroughly desirable ar- 
ticle, since we cannot afford to offer a poor 
article at the expense of our general repu- 
tation. Such an act would be almost suicidal, 
and realizing this fact it is our purpose to 
maintain the high standard which has been 
the basis of all operations." 

Mr. Hickok established the business in 1846. 



BENJAMIN AND BARNES. 

C. A. Benjamin, who is abroad in the in- 
tenest of the Barnes Cycle Co., is meeting with 
success in Paris, where he has closed several 
deals for '97 business. He will also introduce 
the Barnes in London, Berlin and other large 
cities. The Barnes company has representa- 
tives abroad and anticipates a large export 
trade for next season. 



A four-page little paper has been issued by 
the Barnes Cycle Co., styled "White Flyer 
Tips." It is attractive in its literary appear- 
ance, and beautified by excellent half-tone 
illustrations. 



§M®X(®X(®)((Iw(^ 





u 



GENDRON" 



"%J he uKatchless vleellJUheel 



8§>, 
PS 



o, 



m 



o 



THOUSANDS BUY IT! 

THOUSANDS RIDE IT! 

THOUSANDS PRAISE IT! 

Many bicycles are found wanting, but the "STEEL GENDRON" never disappoints. 

"RELIANCE" BICYCLES are better than most high-grade wheels. 
OUR HANDSOME CATALOGUE FREE. 

GENDRON WHEEL CO. TOLEDO, O. 

#ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooocooo# 






o 



81 



n 

H 
H 
H 

H 

n 

H 

n 

H 

n 
n 

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..FOR SALE. . 

AN IDEAL PLANT, SUITABLE FOR BICYCLE MANUFACTURERS, 



AT. 



LANCASTER, PA. 



. i 



J THE ENTIRE PLANT OF THE 

SLAYMAKER-BARRY CO. 



CONSISTING OF 



Buildings, Foundry, Grounds, 
Boilers, Engines, etc. 



Lancaster City has a population of about 40,000 
inhabitants, is a growing town, surrounded by the best 
agricultural district in America. It is on the main line 
of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and on a branch of the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. Rents and pro- 
visions are cheap, labor plenty, and there is no better 
locality in the State for a manufacturing plant. Ihis 
property will be sold on easy terms, and possession can 
be given any time after November 1st. 



Kindly mention The W.eel. 



Apply to SLAYMAKER-BARRY CO., Lancaster, Pa, 



August 21 



HOW FRENCHMEN RACE. 

Anything to Beat the American the Only Rule 

Strictly Carried Out There, 

Says Weinig. 

A. E. Weinig, of Buffalo, who went abroad 
with the Eck combination, arrived in New 
York on Thursday of last week, and immedi- 
ately departed for his home. He states that 
his trip was a pecuniary gain, and that he is 
willing- to go back at any time. He is in the 
best of health, and looks almost as brawny 
as Sanger. 

In conversation with a loca: reporter, 
Weinig scores the unfair tactics of the for- 
eign riders very severely. 

"It would be a big surprise to some of our 
crack American riders should they go abroad 
to compete," said Weinig. "They would find 
that bicycle racing in America and in Europe 
are as different as boxing and fencing. There 
is a great gulf between the modes of the 
crackajacks of the two continents. I sin- 
cerely hope that our boys will never get to 
ride as they ride in Prance. There it is 'all 
for Prance,' even at the expense of an Ameri- 
can rider's neck. And the French riders, if 
they cannot themselves win, will do all in 
their power to help an Englishman, or a 
Belgian, or an Italian to defeat the Yankee. 

"Time and time again, when one of the 
American string would start his jump in the 
stretch, he would find himself crowded steadi- 
ly and maliciously up the bank by some 
rider who had no desire to win, but who had 
been coached to jockey the American, in order 
to leave the prize to one of their own people. 
On several occasions, turning into the stretch 
and starting to sprint, one of the foreigners 
has run alongside me and crowded me into 
the fence, or ripped out my spokes with his 
pedal. It's all in the game over there, but 
it's a bad game. 

"Dirty work of this style does not meet 
with the disapproval that it would in this 
country. When an American is jockeyed 
the crowd laughs. Should the Yankee, as a 
matter of self-protection, elbow a foreigner 
ever so little, a storm of whistles would arise. 
The French do not hiss, to show their dislike; 
they whistle. Jacquelin is their idol, and it is 
a question whether he or Jaap Eden, the Bel- 
gian, is the best racer in Europe. Jacquelin 
is at his best now, but it is his last season, 
for in November he must enter the French 
Army, a conscript. They are certainly fast 
men, but there is no telling but that many 
of the boys in America could lower their 
colors if fair play were not at a premium on 
every big track abroad." 

"What show would men like Bald, Cooper 
and Butler have abroad?" 

"It would be the allied cycling forces of 
Europe against them," replied Weinig with a 
smile. "They would have to compete on queer 
tracks with men on queer wheels and with 
queer methods." 

"And suppose the Europeans should come 
to the United States to race?" 

"That would be different," said Al. "The 
foreigners would find themselves like fish out 
of water. The fairness of American racers 
would stun them. Deprived of their jockeying 
schemes, they would only get a fleeting 
glimpse of Eddie Bald and the rest. A mile 
race in Europe is not like a mile race here. 
Across the water the men loaf until the 
straight, and then make their jump. In races 
of more than a mile it is all pacemaking. 
Each man has two or three sets of pacemak- 
ers, generally triplets or quads, around the 
track, and each pacemaker catches its man 
at a certain point. It is a question of hang- 
ing onto the pacemakers. Good time is made, 
but this takes the individuality out of the 
contests. Because of this pacemaking, a race 



in France and England presents a peculiar 
spectacle. There will be three or more quads 
for every man in the race. 

"Most of the foreigners have accustomed 
themselves to high gears, from 80 to 100, and 
it would surprise you to see the way they are 
able to sprint with them. A cyclist with a 
machine geared high gains momentum, of 
course, and that is one point in their favor. 
And because pacemaking is so much in vogue, 
it is easier to push a high gear. 

"At first it was hard for our string to ride 
on the, tracks abroad, they are built so pe- 
culiarly. The bank turning into the straight 
is almost a perpendicular wall, and it is im- 
possible to ride it except at a fast clip. Un- 
less you are speedy your pedal will strike the 
cement. Many of the foreigners ride short 
cranks to save themselves from this danger. 

"I had many a fall abroad, and I am cov- 
ered with scars from shoulder to wrist and 
waist to toe. I had a terrible fall at the eat- 
ford track, England, and for a long time rode 
swathed in bandages." 



BUTTON SWAPPING. 



WHY THEY ARE FASTER. 

There is no question that the speed of a 
machine does not increase in proportion to the 
number of riders for which it is seated; but the 
question is, why should it increase at all, un- 
less there is a saving of power? Just in pro- 
portion as the number of legs working on the 
pedals. is increased, so the number of riders 
who have to be propelled is increased; and 
the only reason a multicycle is faster than a 
single is because a slight economy is effected 
in various ways. For example, there are few- 
er bearings to be revolved in proportion to the 
number of riders, fewer tires to pass over the 
surface of the ground, and less windage. 



LIVING GUIDE-BOARDS. 

A company, in which a number of large 
capitalists are interested has been incorpo- 
rated under the title of the "United States 
Guide and Information Company." Its ob- 
ject is to furnish trained guides for public 
service in this city and vicinity. A portion 
of these guides, both male and female, will 
be expert cycle riders, and prepared to take 
charge of individuals or parties desiring to 
explore on a wheel the city and its environs. 



How It Is Conducted on a Scientific Basis to 
the Satisfaction of All Con- 
cerned. 

The colored citizen of this glorious Republic 
is an imitative individual; he copies the fads 
and foibles of his whiter brother, so his wild . 
scramble after bicycle advertising buttons at 
Louisville was not to be wondered at. Verily, 
he has had a strong enough example set him 
by the white man in this direction. 

Who would ever have thought that the 
craze for this questionable form of personal 
adornment would bring about the establish- 
ment of a Button Exchange? Yet such is an 
accomplished fact. 

There is a curious little shop in La Salle 
street in Chicago given over to the barter of 
buttons, and is the outcome of the craze for 
lapel buttons of every sort. The man who runs 
it used to be in the second-hand book busi- 
ness, but when bicycles took possession of 
everything people stopped buying even sec- 
ond-hand books. Bicycle buttons then came 
into active demand, and he saw an oppor- 
tunity to make a living. He buys, sells and 
exchanges lapel buttons of every kind. He 
claims to have 400 kinds of bicycle buttons, no 
two alike, and he will sell a collector the lot, 
one of each, for $12. His prices are 5 cents a 
button, 50 cents a dozen and $4 a hundred. In 
front of this little store hang long felt strings 
of buttons, around which youthful collectors 
group themselves. From little books they 
compare notes with the strings, and when they 
find a new button they jot it down. Or else 
they bring their felt strips along with them 
and "tell" them off in comparison with the 
buttons in the window. 

The store is crowded nearly all the time 
with boys to buy, sell or exchange. They are 
the most enthusiastic chaps imaginable, and 
the lore of buttons is at their fingers' ends. 
They come in, throw a handful of buttons on 
the counter and offer to trade "two for one." 
And they are good traders, too. 



Cycling undoubtedly is a hobby with some, 
but it is not such with the majority of those 
who use the wheel. It has become a necessity 
and necessaries are not to be put aside ac- 
cording to whim. 



SCORCHERS SAFE. 

"Lots o' people are dying from sunstroke 
now." 

"Yes; but it'll never trouble you scorchers." 

"Why, I thought we'd be the very ones it 
would tackle." 

"No, it's a brain affection; that lets scorch- 
ers out." 




i8 9 6 



5 9 



Morgan & Wright Tires 

ARE GOOD TIRES. 



YOU WILL FIND MORE OF THE WHEELS BUILT IN 1896 FITTED WITH 

MORGAN & WRIGHT 

QUICK-REPAIR TIRES 

THAN ARE FITTED WITH ALL OTHER MAKES OF TIRES COMBINED. 



What They Say. 



.A. W. Bell, Blenheim, Ont., Canada: "I have escaped without a puncture so far. 
reports from local wheelmen are enthusiastic in favor of your tires." 



J. D. Burk, Amherstburg, Ont., Canada: "Morgan & Wright's quick-repair tires are the favor- 
ites here. This is also my humble opinion, ' Morgan & Wright Tires are good tires.' " 



Howe Bros., La Porte, Ind. : " Haven't used any other tires this season ; quick-repair giving good 
satisfaction and popular with local riders so far as we have observed." 



"Haas & Huebsch, Le Mars, la. : " In every case where the Morgan & Wright Tires have been 
punctured the quick-rtpair has worked successfully. Out of 80 wheels sold this season 70 had M. & W. 
Tires on." 






Advice. 



DON'T stick tool into tire before you pump up — harder the better. 

DON'T stick tool into the same hole after injecting cement. 

DON'T use any but M. & W. quick-repair cement, made for the purpose, and don't fear to ask the 
dealer questions. The quick-repair is illustrated in our catalogue. It is so simple that 
nobody should have the least trouble in making a quick, easy and permanent repair, on the 
road, without taking tire from rim. 

Remember our liberal guarantee. Send defective tires to us, not to the maker of your wheel. 



Morgan &Wright 

CHICAGO. 



Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



6o 



August 21, 





Morgan &WrightTires 
are good tires 



# 

W. W. Hamilton. 




Tom Cooper. 




PERSONAL MENTION. 



Arthur Gardiner. 




Jack Coburn. 



Bob Walthour. 
H. Van Herik. 



SOME FAMOUS RIDERS OF M.&W. TIRES ARE; 



E C Bald (Barnes) 

Tom Cooper (Monarch) 

Arthur Gardiner. .(Thistle) 

Otto Ziegler (Barnes) 

W W Hamilton.* ) 

J S Johnson (World) 

Fred Loughead. ..(Fowler) 

J W Parsons (World) 

Harry C. Clark. (Napoleon) 
Homer Fairmon.. (World) 
O L Stevens. . . . (America) 
A. C Mertens — (Dayton) 

J P Bliss (Monarch) 

Jack Coburn ( ) 

Will Coburn ( ) 

E. E. Anderson... (Stearns) 
Pat O'Connor .(World) 
Barney Oldfield... (Stearns) 

W DeCardy (Barnes) 

A D. Kennedy. . (World) 

S. C Cox (Crescent) 

C A. Church.. .. (Barnes) 
J. B Bowler. ...(Halladay) 

A. E Smith (Adlake) 

Joe Dolister 

(Warner Special) 
E. McKeon ... (Dayton) 
L A Callahan (Dodge) 
M. F Carter .... (Barnes) 
Herman Kohl. . . (America) 
H. E. Frederickson . . 

( Fowler) 

Edgar Boren (Adlake) 

Louis Gimm (Pirate) 

Chas. Hofer (Dayton) 

A. E. Weinig.... (Sterling) 
C. M. Ridgley... (National) 



Max Morris (Monarch) 

W. E Kenyon ...(Adlakel 
Wm Bainbridge. .(Thistle) 

C B Pike (Orient) 

B B. Bird (National) 

John Lawson (Fowler) 

Frank Rigby.. (Frontenac) 
O. E. Towle . . . (Orienti 
F McFarland.. (Halladay) 
Owen Kimble ... (Outing) 
W. L. Becker. . (Adlake) 

A. J. Banta (Napoleon) 

J. C Tinkham. (Orienti 

A. J. Weilep (Andrae) 

G A Maxwell. (Kearney) 
Geo C Grant. .(Napoleon) 
C H. Lanster. (Ariel) 

Tom Hause (Outing) 

Burt Repine (Fowler) 

Glenn P Thaver (America) 
W A Wenzei.. (Napoleon) 

Alex Laing Rambler) 

R P. Rice (America) 

M. O. Dennis.. Crescent) 
Tracy Holmes. ..(America) 
Earl F. Jackson.. (Stearns) 

W. E. Lum ( ) 

W. C. Shrader.... (Andrae) 
S. W Ramsey.. .(Tribune) 
A. F Senn.. (Remington) 
J A. Woodlief.. (Columbia) 

John Lund (Thistle) 

Bob Walthour. .. .(Sterling) 
L. M Johnson ...(Adlake) 

L P Swett (Orient) 

H Van Herik (Fowler} 

Harry Maddox. . . (Stearns) 



SOME OF THE WINNERS 



H. D Cleveland, on a Spalding, with M. & 
won the mile open and the two-mile handicap, ; 
Vt , Aug. 8 



W F McMichael, on a Stearns, with M & W. Tires, 
won the mile handicap, at Scranton, Pa , Aug 8. 



Burt Morrow, on a Relay, with M & W. Tires, won first 
in the half-mile, and first in the mile, at Omaha, Neb., 
Aug. 8 

H C. White, on M. & W. Tires, won first in the half- 
mile and first in the mile, at Osage, la., Aug. 7. 



J. Holmes Hall, on a Dayton, with M & W. Tires, won 
irst place in nine-mile road race, at Sedalia, Mo , Aug 8 



C. Reinke on an Andrae, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
lile open, amateur, at Neenah, Wis , Aug. 6. 



C Pierce, on a Frazier, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
two-mile Twin City Handicap, at Neenah, Wis., Aug 7. 



E McDonnell, on an Adlake, with M. & W. Tires, won 
the mile open, at New Decatur, Ala , Aug 6. 



J. Sawyer, on a Sterling, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
five-mile handicap, at Cassopolis, Mich , Aug 11. 



A. B Cooling, on a Napoleon, with M & W. Tires, won 
the three-mile open, at Wilton Junction, la., Aug 6. 



Fred Ulp, on a Stearns, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
mile handicap, at Wheeling, W. Va., Aug 1. 



Lloyd Fowle, on a Columbia, with M. & W. Tires, won 
the two-mile handicap, at Mason City, la., Aug. 5. 



M. Ledequist, on a Gendron Special, with M. & W. 
Tires, won second time in the five-mile road race, at East 
Boston, Mass., Aug. 8. 



C. S. Porter, on a Stearns, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
two-mile handicap, at Vassar, Mich., Aug. 13. 




Glenn P. Thayer. 








Howard A. French, on a Barnes, with M. & W Tires, 
won the two-mile handicap, at Baltimore, Md., Aug. 8. 



J. L. Ives, on a Richmond, with M. & W. Tires, beat the 
trotter " Dukes," best two in three, at Arlington, Md., 
Aug. 6—1.09 and 1.07 2-5. 

Herman Anderson, on a Monarch, with M & W. Tires, 
won first time in the 12H-mile road race, at Moline, 111., 
Aug. 8. 

W. B. Lupe, on M. & W. Tires, won three firsts at New 
Smyrna, Fla , Aug. 7. 

Harry Crutcher, on a Columbus, with M.&W. Tires, 
won first place and second time, five-mile road race, Dallas, 
Tex., Aug. 6 

Fred Taylor, on a Sylph, with M. & W. Tires, won first 
time in the five-mile road race, Dallas, Tex., Aug. 6. 



F. Yancy, on a Norwood, with M. & W. Tires, won first 
time in ten-mile road race, at Henderson, Ky., Aug 6. 



E. M. Swett, on an Orient, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
mile handicap, at Norway, Me., Aug. 14. 



T. A. Trueblood, on a Thistle, with M. & W. Tires, 
l the mile open, at Eldora, la., Aug. 5. 



E. S. Baier, on a Viking, with M. & W. Tires, established. 
a state record for the one-third mile, in competition,' 
Neenah, Wis., Aug. 7. 



R. S. Ricker, on a Barnes, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
three-mile handicap, at Bloomsburg, Pa., Aug. 5. 




A BIG WEEKLY TOTAL 

Number of winners mentioned above 26 

Crowded out 231 

Total 257 




S. W. Ramsey. 



AgL. 




Morgan &WrightTires 
are good tires 



® 




C. H. Lanster 



1896. 



6i 



Morgan &WrightTires 



Morgan &WrightTires 
are good tires : 



L. A. W. NATIONAL MEET. 



At the National Meet at Louisville, Morgan & Wright Tires won 
44 out of 95 places. Nearly as much as won by ALL other tires 
combined. 



There were six National Championships, three places in each. Morgan & Wright Tires won 
3 firsts, 5 seconds and 5 thirds. 



Tom Cooper, on a Monarch, with Morgan & Wright Tires, won three National Champion- 
ships — quarter-mile, one third mile, and two-mile. 



Arthur Gardiner beat Sanger and Tom Butler in the mile open, making a world's record for 
the distance, paced by a single machine ; time, 2.01. Rides a Thistle, with Morgan & Wright 
Tires. 



Karl Thome, on an Outing, with Morgan & Wright Tires, won the quarter-mile and the 
half-mile, amateur, Kentucky Championships. 



Off the Circuit. 



MASON CITY, IA. 
NEVADA, IA., 
NEENAH, WIS., 
DALLAS, TEX., 
MOLINE, ILLS., 
MARENGO, IA., 



7 out of 9 places. 
14 out of 15 places. 
25 out of 43 places. 

9 out of 12 places. 

6 out of 7 places. 
10 out of 15 places. 



71 out of ioj places won 
on Morgan & Wright Tires. Far more than won on ALL other tires combined. 



MORGAN & WRIGHT, 

CHICAGO. 



Morgan &WrightTires 
are good tires 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Morgan &WrightTires 
are good tires 



62 



August 21, 



SINGLES SLID, TANDEMS TRIED. 



The l,a.zy Man's Game of Coasting Given a 

Thoroughly Scientific Trial by the 

M. A. C. C. 

Whether a Cooper, a Bald, or a man with 
the fame of Zimmerman occupied the saddle 
of the winning machines in this contest, it 
mattered little. It was the wheel that scored. 
The individuality of the rider went for naught. 

Probably never before was there a contest 
promoted in which the manufacturers secured 
the sole interest of the spectators over the 
riders as they did in the Metropolitan Associa- 
tion of Cycling Clubs' hill-coasting contest at 
Cedar Grove, N. J., on Saturday last. 

"Who won?" was the cry when it was all 
over. 

"Why, a Humber first, Columbia second, 
"Victor third, while the Stearns took the tan- 
dem," would be the reply. 

The riders — why, they were mere figure- 
heads. And so, if you figure on gaining fame 
as a coaster in future contests, give up the 



considerable speed, and then it's up hill again. 
It is this last upgrade which prevented the 
coaster from riding half a mile further, and 
at which point the 6,000 and odd feet tapes 
were stretched for the measurers. 

That great interest was taken in the contest 
can be perceived from the fact that for a week 
prior to the race several firms had men 
camped" out along the hill, who daily tested 
the road and endeavored to ascertain the 
secret of going the farthest without pedalling. 
A day prior to the meet, the riders barely 



was practically accurate, the first two men 
falling off between the first and second tapes. 
Measurers with long tape measures speedily 
took the distance from the nearest tape at 
which the contestants stopped and the spec- 
tators crowded about to gain a glance at the 
name plate of the machine. 

In the first trial Fred Royce, the ex-New- 
Jersey crack racing man, took the bun with 
6,258.2 feet, a distance which was not equalled 
until the third trial, when it was tied by big 
Hugh Janeway, the ex-Princeton football 
player, who weighs 226 pounds. The wind 
freshened after this and the distance was not 
equalled. 

The twelve men who coasted the greatest 
distance in the first trial then returned to the 
summit and started again. The six winners 
in this trial were then restarted, ending finally 
with a sifting down to three men — a trial that 
was conclusive and emphatic. 

Heavy-weight Janeway was the favorite. 
His immense weight and massive proportions 
gave every one the impression that he would 
prove the winner, and he did hold more than 




idea. It will be the name of your wheel and 
not yourself that will float from ear to ear as 
the winner. 

Coasting contests have been few and far be- 
tween in the metropolitan district of late. 
They were held semi-occasion ally when the 
high wheel, the Springfield "Roadster and the 
Eagle reigned supreme, but never before was 
a contest of the hill-sliding variety promoted 
on such an extensive scale as the Metropolitan 
Association's. 

To begin with, the hill selected was ideal. 
It started on the second ridge of the Orange 
Mountains. The range known as the Orange 
Mountains, by-the-way, would not be called a 
mountain by a Coloradoan, or by a Swiss 
chamois-chaser; it would be, as the English 
say, a small pimple, but in the Jerseyman's 
nomenclature they go as mountains. The road 
descends the mountain at an acute angle. It 
is macadamized, smooth, and at the summit a 
pleasing birdseye view of charming woodland 
is at command. At the bottom the road dips 
under a railroad bridge, and then the coaster 
ascends a short ascent. There is another very 
perceptible dip, sufficient for a rider to gain 



reached the railroad bridge, but rain on Fri- 
day night cleared the course of dust and ob- 
stacles and the coasters cleared the hill at 
the bridge With ease and never stopped until 
they half-way surmounted the next grade. 

There was a good crowd of spectators pres- 
ent on Saturday. They bothered the starters 
at the summit, got in the way along the hill 
and fairly swarmed around the officials and 
measurers at the tapes. The contestants made 
a motley crowd. There were heavy men, little 
men, men in regulation racing costumes, and 
in touring form. Some had their legs bare 
and their arms covered, others their arms 
bare and their legs covered. 

It wasn't a particularly exciting contest for 
the on-lookers, but they held their ground 
from 1:30 p. m. until 6 o'clock. The excite- 
ment all lay with the contestants. They fairly 
flew down the declivity and covered the dis- 
tance, over a mile, in what appeared to them 
to be about a minute, but in reality over two 
minutes. 

It was after 2:30 before the men were 
started. Of the 50 entered on singles all but 
four started. They were sent off with a gentle 
push, singly and by twos. The momentum 
gained was terrific. No one was exactly sure 
where the riders would stop, but the guess 



his own until the last heat, when he covered 
the least distance of any of his coasts. He 
claimed he had to cut from side to side of the 
road to avoid vehicles. 

The trial for tandems was run in two heats 
and a final. The two-seated machines went 
down the hill like an express train, but on the 
up grade, despite their great momentum at 
the foot, they travelled on the average of only 
100 feet further than the singles, and in some 
instances the singles beat the tandems. 

The winner of the final for singles rode a 
regular road Humber. He wore a racing 
Jersey sweater and full tights. His wheel 
was stripped of all paraphernalia except 
coasters, and tires were pumped to a fair de- 
gree of hardness, but were not inflated to their 
fullest extent. The second man, W. M. Aik- 
man, had a brake on his Columbia, but no 
coasters, placing his feet on the lower frame. 
His tires were well inflated. His costume 
covered his legs and arms. Janeway was at- 
tired in full racing attire. His Victor was 
fitted with foot rests, and he leaned well for- 
ward and held his front wheel as steady as 
a vicelike clasp of the handle-bars could 



1896. 



63 



make it. The winning- tandem team rode one 
of the Stearns stanch-looking yellow fellows, 
with tires inflated to rock hardness. The 
crew were well pleased with their victory, 
but said the strain of coasting- the hill three 
times at such a terrific speed, with the hill 
lined with spectators and vehicles, was too 
much for comfort. 

As a matter of fact there was a certain 
degree of risk in the coast, but only one acci- 
dent occurred. The unfortunate was C. C. 
Whitaker, of Montclair, who while descend- 
ing collided with a rider walking up the hill, 
while attempting to dodge a carriage. He 
was knocked fifty feet to the side of the road, 
and was badly cut and bruised. 

"What constitutes the speed qualities in 
coasting is somewhat of an open question, 
but apart from smooth running bearings and 
a well lubricated chain, the consensus of opin- 
ion among- the contestants was that it de- 
pended in keeping in a straight line along the 
smoothest part of the road, avoiding turns 
and swerving. Weight appeared to exert a 
powerful influence in the case of Janeway, 



still in the final he failed to equal the distance 
covered by much lighter men. 

The interest manifested in this, the first 
open contest of the kind in this vicinity, 
should have a tendency to lead the way for 
greater things in the future. Much interest- 
ing information and data can be secured by 
a study of the table attached, which tells the 
struggle of the speedy non-pedallers in a nut- 
shell. 



WHAT A WHEEL DOES FOR HER. 

The buying of a wheel by a girl from her 
own resources and savings is a practical les- 
son in economy. It has made new and ex- 
tended social circles; it has decreased the idle 
hours which all girls have even in the best 
regulated families; it has made her more so- 
ciable; she finds an agreeable companionship 
in her girl friends, with whom the wheel is a 
bond of union, and, in fact, all round she is a 
more active healthful and restful girl when 
the time comes for rest than she was before 
cycling was in vogue. 



AN OLD-TIMER'S SYMPOSIUM. 

The eleventh day of September in the year 
1879 was big with portent. On that memora- 
ble day the first "Wheel about the Hub" was 
begun. The world looked on and wondered 
at the bravery of those adventurous pioneers 
of cycling who actually intended to ride al- 
most a whole hundred miles on bicycles. 
Quidnuncs and wise men wagged their hoary 
heads, and predicted disaster and what not, 
but the perilous deed was safely done, and 
great was the glory of those who passed 
through the ordeal unharmed. 

That this doughty deed of the good old 
times and the better old timers should not 
be lost, the Boston Bicycle Club, America's 
oldest cycling organization, has made the fa- 
mous trip an annual affair, copying in every 
way possible the original jourrey of '79. 
This year the affair takes place on Septem- 
ber 11-13, and those honored with an invita- 
tion to partake of this old-timers' symposium 
— and the number so honored is limited — are 
proudly making envious all their less lucky 
friends by exhibiting their invitation headed 
by the five-pointed emblem of the famous 
Boston club. 



SINGLES. 



NAME 


Wheel 


Tire 


Weight 
Wheel 


Weight 
Rider 


Make of Chain 


Gear 


Position of 
Saddle 


First 
Heat 


Second 
Heat 


Third 
Heat 


Final 


H A W d ard 


Humber 
Columbia 
Victor 
Spalding 
Ide 

Spalding 
Victor 
Orient 

Spalding 
Cleveland 
Spalding 
Humber 
Spalding 

Spalding 

Moore Co. 
Lyndhurst 

Orient 
Spalding 

Orient 
Spalding 
Syracuse 

Victor 

Ide 
Leaycraft 
Spalding 
Clipper 
Jersey 
Rambler 
Cleveland 
Peerless 
Orient 
Syracuse 

Spalding 

Ide 


Humber 

Hartford 

New York 

Spaulding & Pepper 

Palmer 

New York 
Hodgson 

Palmer 

Spaulding & Pepper 

Cleveland 

Palmer 

Humber 

Palmer 

Hodgson 

Spaulding & Pepper 

Victor 

New York 

Palmer 
New York 

Palmer 

New York 

G &J 
Cleveland 

Dunlop 
New York 

Palmer 


26 

25 

26K 

25 

22 

21^ 

25 

24 

24 

22K 

25 

2(5 

25 

21 

24 

20 

19 

23 

25 

23 

23 

20 

26 

25 

22 

25 

24M 

25 

22 
24 
22 
23 
21 

24 

2L 

21 

22 

31K 

21 


200 
160 
226 
153 
165 
130 
143 
148 
145 
160 
150 
198 
136 
170 
152 
170 
150 
150 
150 
175 
155 
155 
140 
154 
218 
160 
143 
155 
150 
133 
130 
158 
149 
130 
152 
171 
145 
160 
155 
130 
165 
167 
107 
125 


Humber 
Columbia 

Victor 
Spalding 
Morse 
Morse 
Spalding 
Humber 
Spalding 

Cleveland 
Spalding 
Humber 
Spalding 
Stearns 
Spalding 

Moore 
Humber 
Waltham 
Spalding 

Waltham 
Spalding 
Humber 

Victor 

Morse 
Leaycraft 
Spalding 
Clipper 


70 

76 

84 

77 

53 

7(1 

66% 

84 

76 

72 

80 

72 

72 

70 

70 

76 

68 

63 

70 

72 . 
66 'A 
70 

84 

if 

84 
84 
70 
70 
76 
08 
78 
76 
76 
100 
70 
70 
73^ 
63 
63 
70 


Front 
Front 
Ba<k 
Front 
Direct 
Direct 
Back 
Front 
Back 
Front 
Back 
Back 
Back 
Front 
Back 
Direct 
Back 
Back 
Back 
Direct 
Front 
Back 
Direct 
Back 
Back 
Front 
Front 
Front 
Back 
Front 
Back 
Front 
Front 
Front 
Direct 
Direct 
Back 
Front 
Front 
Direct 
Direct 
Front 
Back 
Direct 


1! Ml 
625:1 !» 
6244.8 

6230 

■ in 

6210 8 

:,!:;;;>. 

6163.3 

6191.3 

62: )4 3 

6153.7 

61 37.il 

6169 7 

6202 10 

6182 10 

61711.6 

6150 

6172 

6198 6 

6193.7 

6133,6 

6,147 7 

6167.3 

1223 1 

621)1 

6239.10 

6174 2 

6163.9 

615S.2 

6141.2 

6129 
6164 11 

6134 3 
01X1.8 
6122 
6155.5 
6134 III 


6247 

622X.7 
6.2111 X 
6316 2 

6226.9 
6175 

6211 3 
6175. Id 
6210 
(221.9 


6334.5 

6258 2 
6311 
621 II 1.5 
6197.4 


6-37 




631 X. 4 


H 11 Janeway 


6209 8 










J. H Livingston 








G. F Royce 










P. A. Brock ■ 










C. K. Alley 

G. E. Blakslee 




































W. J. Garrison 

L. E Colony 

W H Firmin 












Howard Cox 














S. I.. Kip 

N.J Mekeel 














E. L Leaycraft 




























G &J. 
Cleveland 

Indianapolis 
Syracuse 
Crescent 
Spalding 

Morse 








































T Ward 
















H E Fletcher 








J. E. Humason 



















TANDEMS. 



I Connet | 

I Connet j 

I Ely I 

"I Henry f 
i Livingston 

1 Settz {• 

j Gerbereux i 

I Nicholl j 

J J . H Bailey 1 

1R B Bailey f 

J Peterson I 

I Townley f 

j Hagaman I 

j Garrison J 

j Hawkins I 

1 Mate f 

J Royce 1 

I Libby j 

j Collins i 

I Mate j 

j Doup ) 

I Mate ( 

J Hotze i 

1 King f 



Wheel 



Stearns 

Spalding 

Spalding 

Ide 

Spalding 

Spalding 

Orient 

Spalding 

Orient 

Cleveland 

Spalding 

America 



Palmer 
Palmer 

Palmer 

Palmer 

New York 

Palmer 

Palmer 

Cleveland 

Palmer 

Palmer 



Weight 
of 


Weight 


Wheel 


Rider 




152 


38 


178 


42 


150 
160 


42 


152 
157 


„ 


165 




130^ 


42 


150 
150 


43 


150 
140 


36 


140 
130 


40 


175 
150 


40 


145 

160 • 


40 


175 
145 


40 


167 
156 


46 


135 

leo 



Spalding 
Spalding 
Humber 
Spalding 
Spalding 
Humber 
Spalding 



Back 
Front and 



Back 

Front and 



Back 

Front 



6310.4 
6317.3 



6213.2 

6217-10 

6399 3 

6.2117 

6395.4 

883S.T 

6190.4 



6334.4 
6319.9 



6 4 



August 21, 



RACING BOARD'S BULLETIN. 

SUSPENDED PENDING INVESTIGATION. 

George Bovee, El Paso, Texas. 

Burt Gibson, Rockdale, N. Y. 

H. J. Parker, Rockwell's Mills, N. T. 

Howard Armstrong, New Berlin, N. Y. 

Walter Price, Stamford, Conn. 

W. C. McCready, Boston, Mass. 

George L. Bates, Springfield, Mass. 

W. A. Conlin, C. A. Keating, Ayer, Mass. 

C. A. Londgren, Milford, Mass. 

Victor Eckberg, Worcester, Mass. 

L. N. Gowell, Weston, Mass. 

Samuel Thompson, Pendleton, Oregon. 

Robin Fletcher, Pendleton, Oregon. 
SANCTIONS GRANTED. 

September 2, Ashland Pair Company, Ashland, 
Ohio. 

September 2, Women's Industrial and Educa- 
tional Union, Youngstown, Ohio. 

August 17, Pittsburg Wheelmen, Pittsburg, 
Kan. 

August 17, W. W. W. W., Lawrence, Kan. 

October 12 to 24, Dallas Cycle Park Company, 
Dallas, Texas. 

August 17, Taylor Bicycle Club, Taylor, Texas. 

August 24, Emporia Cyclers, Emporia, Kan. 

September 11, Orwigsburg Agricultural Society, 
Orwigsburg, Pa. 

August 26, Straub •& Grube, Lancaster, Pa. 

September 5, 7, Virginia Wheel Club, Roanoke, 
Va. 

September 19, Homestead Cyclers, Homestead, 
Pa. 

PROFESSIONALIZED. 
Robert H. Gill, Shreveport, La., Clause (d). 
Gus Gocke, York, Neb., Clause (a). 
Glen P. Thayer, Carson City, Mich., Clause (d). 
Nick Mershon, Philadelphia, Penn., Clause (b). 
George Owens, Philadelphia, Penn., Clause (b). 
Bert Soule, Philadelphia, Penn., Clause (b). 
Frank Storey, Philadelphia, Penn., Clause (b). 
James Thompson, Philadelphia, Penn., Clause 
(b). 
Clifford Sutherland, Annapolis, Md., Clause (a). 
Edwin Deleon, Annapolis, Md., Clause (a). 
Amos Carmine. Milton, Iowa, Clause (a). 
Fred Myers, Bloomfield, Iowa, Clause (a). 
Clarence Stevens, Cantral, Iowa, Clause (a). 
Burt Rowland, Milton, Iowa, Clause (a). 
Robert L. Bennett, Helena, Mont. 
Day Parker, Medford, Ore., Clause (a). 
M. Collinson, jr., Salt Lake City, Utah, Clause 
(a). 
W. P. Fowler, Ogden, Utah, Clause (a). 
R. L. Proudfit, Niagara Falls, N. Y., own re- 
quest. 

A. J. Barrett, George Starke, O. F. Kohr, 
Charles G. Weinbrenner, Charles Craig, W. 
Pfeffer, Joseph Burger, William Van Doeren, 
J. Siegel, D. S. Borton, E. A. Brenner, J. B. 
Holloway, Guy Erb, Jerry Cronin, W. P. Hough- 
ton, Charles C. Kiswetter, F. Kaiser, J. W. 
Lyons, Joseph Laux, George Diettmeier, Berry 
Russell, R. S. Armstrong, Ed Rother, Walter 
Klouberg, all of St. Louis, Mo., Clause (e). 
J. M. Hollister, Denver, Col., own request. 
Sam Vest, George Green, W. Jones, George 
Bowden, all of Pueblo, Col., Clause (b). 

George N. Whitsell, Colorado Springs, Col., 
Clause (b). 

SUSPENDED. 
For false entry— Charles Prest, Cohoes, N. Y., 
60 days from July 29. 

For false entry— W. T. Bonfield, Indianapolis, 
Ind., 60 days from August 10. 

For competing in unsanctioned Sunday races 
— M. C. Lawrence, Korndoeffer, New-Or- 
leans, La., for one year from August 10. 

For competing in unsanction sd Sunday races 
while under suspension— W. M. Guyol, R. J. 
Godbery and Sutton Titus, New Orleans, La., 
are placed upon the permanent suspension list. 
For competing in unsanctioned races Amos 
Carmine, Burt Rowland, Milton, la.; Fred Mey- 
ers, Bloomfield, la.; Clarence Stevens, Cantral, 
la., are suspended for 30 days from August 11. 
For false entry C. A. A. Stegmuller, South 
Norwalk, Conn., for 30 days from August 10. 

For competing in unsanctioned races after 
warning, A. Swenson, Fred Dinan, J. Vosallea, 
William Nolan, Robert Cahill and Buck Cahill, 
Stamford, Conn., are suspended for 60 days from 
August 11. 

For competing in unsanctioned Sunday races 
the following are placed upon the outlawed list 



of the League and permanently barred from all 
track racing under L. A. W. auspices: Charles 
G. Weinbrenner, J. Siegel, Guy Erb, Jerry 
Cronin, George Deittmeier, William Van 
Doeren, Berry Russell, R. S. Armstrong, E. A. 
Brenner, Ed. Rother, J. B. Holloway, Walter 
Klouberg, D. S. Borton, A. J. Barrett, M. J. 
Flavin, O. F. Kohr, George Stark, W. P. Hough- 
ton, Charles C. Keistwetter, Charles Craig, F. 
Kaiser, W. Pfeiffer, J. W. Lyons, all of St. 
Louis, Mo. 

For competing in unsanctioned races William 
Lempke, Frank Longley, Grant's Pass, Ore. ; 
Alfred Clark, Glendale, Ore.; John Hurth and 
Miles Brayton, Oregon City, Ore., are suspended 
for 30 days from August 1. 

For competing in unsanctioned races Charles 
Holmes, Pueblo, Col. ; Ben Green, Denver, Col. ; 
J. Henry, A. Jenkins, F. King, Colorado Springs, 
Col., are suspended for 60 days from August 4. 



SHOD FOR WINNING. 



M m ^ 




As the measurement is taken from the farthest point 
reached with the foot, the above is what we may <:xpect 
to see at the next coasting contest 

CLAIMING CENTURIES. 

Chairman Krietenstein, of the Century 
Road Club's Road Records Committee, an- 
nounces that the organization in the future 
will recognize a club century survivors' 
record, and will issue a record certificate to 
the club having the largest number of sur- 
vivors (within fourteen hours) on any given 
century. All clubs must adhere strictly to 
the rules adopted in competing for this rec- 
ord, as follows: 

First— Any club is eligible to compete for 
this record, and enter a claim whether or not 
any of its members are also members of the 
C. R. C. 

Second — All centuries claimed must have 
been ridden within the time limit (fourteen 
hours), and in accordance with the C. R. C. 
rules. 

Third— The signature of each participant 
must accompany claim, the same to be a 
bona fide dues paying member of at least 
one month's standing in competing club. 

Fourth— Said claim to be approved by the 
president and secretary of competing club, 
and sworn to before a notary. 

Fifth — The Road Records Committee re- 
serving the right to investigate all claims 
and take whatever steps it may deem proper 
to secure evidence relating to the authen- 
ticity of the same. 



STILL COASTING. 

Shortly after the coasting contest at Buffalo 
a few weeks ago the winners, the manufact- 
urers of the Orient, were challenged by the 
makers of the Bison wheels. The contest took 
place on Saturday, and the trophy formerly 
at the Waltham Mfg. Co. store now adorns the 
shop window of Seyfang & Prentiss. It has 
to be won twice out of three contests to be- 
come exclusive property. Four riders were 
started singly on each make of machine. The 
result was a decided victory for the Bison peo- 
ple, the standing of the four leaders being as 
follows: 

Rider's Wheel's 
Rider. Wheel. Weight. Weight.Gear. 

Gibson T. Williams.... Bison 160 22% 70 

A. B. Goehler Bison 155 22y 2 76 

W. O. Stark Orient 150 24% 76 

W. E. De Temple Orient 134 22% 73% 



HADFIELD HAD ENOUGH. 

Charles Hadfield, of Irvington-Millburn 
fame, rode as a professional at Baltimore on 
Saturday last, under protest. He claimed 
Chairman Gideon had raised his suspension. 
The local men, however, shut him out of the 
finals entirely. Summary: 

Half-mile, scratch— 1, R. T. Norris; 2, R. L. 
French. Time, 1:12 4-5. 

Mile handicap, professional— 1, H. A. French (60 
yards) ; 2, J. M. White (20 yards) ; 3, C. J. Spencer 
(35 yards). Time, 2:17 1-5. 

Mile amateur, handicap— 1, C. B. Barker (80) 
yards) ; 2, A. M. Kramer (125 yards) ; 3, R. T. Nor- ' 
ris (115 yards). Time, 2:22. 

Two-mile handicap, professional— 1, W. W. 
Phelps (60 yards); 2, J. M. White (30 yards). 
Time, 7:21 3-5. 



THIRTY SIGNED THIS. 

About thirty colleges will sign a suggested 
amendment to the constitution and bylaws 
of the Intercollegiate Association, which calls 
for the holding of cycle rolls on a separate 
day each year. The specified changes are: 
That the date be the second Saturday in 
June; that the number of races be one-quar- 
ter, one-half, one-third, two-rthirds, one, two 
and five mile single, one and two mile tan- 
dem; that the number of men from any one 
college to be entered in any one race shall 
not exceed four; that the alliance with the 
L. A. W. shall be continued; that the referee 
have the power to place a time limit on 
races. 



ON RECORD BENT. 

James McCulla's attempt to break the Chi- 
cago-New York record last week came to an 
abrupt end a day after the start, owing to 
rain. Nothing daunted, however, he started 
again at 3 a. m. on Tuesday of this week. He 
is after Letter-Carrier Smith's record, and will 
have to reach New York at an early hour on 
Sunday to get within the time. He is riding a 
Wolff-American wheel with New York tires. 



A race for District Messenger boys has been 
added to the programme of the New-York 
Division's fall meet at Manhattan Beach, Sep- 
tember 5, in addition to the police champion- 
ship event. The quarter and two mile State 
championships will also be run. 

The use of the bicycle must be reaching 
very nearly the limit. The Philadelphia 
Quakeresses are riding wheels in the public 
streets, clad in the traditional costume of 
their class. 

John S. Johson's entrance has been secured 
for the Penn Wheelmen's race meet at Phila- 
delphia to-morrow. It is expected that Par- 
sons, the Australian, will also ride. 



r8g6. 



65 



GOING ABROAD FOR NEWS. 

Denmark Anxious for American-Made Wheels- 
Tide of Cycle Speculating Now Ebbing 
in England. 

London, Aug. 4. — I have been enjoying a 
brief holiday on the Continent, or, to be more 
precise, in Denmark, and while the statement 
will partly explain the absence of this letter 
of late, it will also be my vindication for any 
opinions I may here voice. Though not on 
business bent, I naturally turned into the ac- 
customed channel and endeavored to find 
which lines were and which were not popular. 
I found Columbias, Spaldings and Olevelands 
in surprising profusion, besides a great many 
American-made machines which I think 
have not yet found a market in England. I 
found that if anything the American high- 
grade machine was more popular than the 
English-built machine, because it is lighter 
and cheaper; and I also found that the cheap- 
er lines from your side have had an eager 
welcome because of the entire inability of the 
English factories to turn out cheap grades. 
In this dilemma Danish dealers have had to 
turn to Germany for supplies, but then Ger- 
many and German goods are disliked in Den- 
mark, and apart from the fact that American- 
built machines are lighter and better than 
German machines, the Danes would always 
give them the preference against German 
competition. Thanks to the English makers 
being unable to supply their home markets, 
Danish dealers have been very scantily sup- 
plied this season, while prices have been al- 
most prohibitive. Columbias sell at from $20 
to $25 less than Beeston Humbers, so it is not 
surprising that I found such a run on Ameri- 
can machines throughout Denmark and the 
south of Sweden. American makers have 
had a splendid opportunity of securing a good 
opening in the Continental markets, and it is 
their own fault if they do not profit by it. In 
my own opinion cheaper grades will have a 
better sale than the higher-priced article, be- 
cause money is dearer on the Continent than 
with us, and lines to sell retail at from $50 
to $75 will be rapidly absorbed wherever of- 
fered. 

When I came back from Copenhagen I 
found that Humber's Coventry factory had 
been burned out. The fire did not apprecia- 
bly affect matters, as inside of a week a wing 
of the premises, recently bought by the Horse- 
less Carriage Company, was in possession 
of Humber & Co., and at present machines 
are being delivered from their works as 
though nothing serious had happened. 

In the trade the flood of flotations seems 
slackening. I believe that the new Premier 
flotation only just scraped through; the Rou- 
lette and Hearl and Fouks failed to go to 
allotment, and the warning is too plain to go 
unheeded. The New Howe Co., once well 
known on your side, has succeeded in at- 
tracting as many applications for shares as 
enabled the directors to go to allotment, 
while the Royal Enfield and Bayliss, Thomas 
& Co. went through without a hitch. The 
French-Dunlop Co. is used on the boards, and 
to judge by the preliminary booming it is in 
good hands. It comes out next week, and is 
said to be in combination with the Gallus 
Michelin and French Clincher tire. A com- 
bination of the leading French cycle makers 
is also on the tapis, and everything points to 
France being the next theatre for cycle flota- 
tions. The Simpson chain people are said to 
be in this combination, and on the strength 
of an offer the shares have gone up consider- 
ably. Much grumbling is being heard on ac- 
count of the huge sums unduly bound up in 
the Dunlop settlement, which seems as far off 
as ever. Partly in consequence of this the 



cycle share market is in a declining condition, 
brokers fearing to encourage further specu- 
lation until the present accounts are cleared 
off. 

The North Road professional twenty-four 
hours' race was a comparative failure, while 
the Cuca Cup race, ridden on the same day, 
was almost as great a financial success 
as ever. Moreover, the amateur (sic!) 
beat the professional in point of distance cov- 
ered, but it must be pointed out that, despite 
the heavy cost of the North Road race, the 
gate was insured at Lloyd's for £600 — it was 
a one-horse show all through. It was a pity 
that the horse was French, for of all the 
afflictions which have come our way a 
French crack professional is the worst; as 
giddy, as thoughtless, as wilful and unrea- 
sonable as a woman in his whims, he simply 
pleases himself and lets consequences follow 
as they will. Huret did all sorts of silly 
things when he had the North Road race at 
his mercy, and quite disgusted the public, so 
that it is highly probably that no professional 
race over fifty miles will be ridden in England 
for some time to come. 

The Bank Holiday racing on Saturday and 
Monday formed the occasion of the debut of 
the Australian racing cyclists, and merely 
served to show that they are yet green. In a 
set of test matches on Saturday between 
Wegson, Lewis and Payne, representing Aus- 
tralia, and J. Green, A. C. Edwards and T. 
Gibbons-Brooks, representing England, the 
Cornstalks were badly beaten, but had fright- 
ful luck, all three coming down, Lewis being 
very badly hurt at Catford. On Monday 
they fared no better at the hands of Barden, 
Parlby and Brooks at Wood Green. They are 
all right, and merely want time. The flight 
of Parsons to America with J. S. Johnson is 
unfavorably regarded here, and it is said was 
caused by funk. Tom Eck, Weinig and An- 
ton Johnson are still at Catford, the latter 
pair and a rider named Peters mounted on a 
triplet being easily beaten by Green and Ed- 
wards on a tandem on Monday. Piatt Betts 
has put up a new record for the mile, 1:48, 
which some people cast doubts upon, and 
Chase has beaten Stocks in a ten-mile paced 
race ridden in 9:35. 



NO BRAZING; NO WELDING. 

W. A. Penfleld, of Meriden, Conn., has ap- 
plied for a patent on an ingenious arrange- 
ment whereby a bicycle frame is not brazed, 
or welded, but locked together. By Mr. Pen- 
field's arrangement any part of the frame 
that gets broken can be fixed in five minutes 
by substituting a new piece and locking both 
ends. 

Mr. Penfield believes that second growth of 
hickory is the coming frame material, and 
his patent permits the locking together of the 
frame whether it be of wood or steel. 



NEXT YEAR'S DEMAND. 

In all the current discussions regarding the 
bicycle situation, says "Stoves and Hard- 
ware," it must be remembered that there 
have been more wheels sold this year than 
last, and that there is not the slightest pros- 
pect that the demand will be less next year. 
Because there is an effort to clear out old 
stocks in order to get things in better shape 
for next year does not augur that temporary 
conditions as to prices, etc., will be carried 
over. 



LITTLE OF EVERYTHING. 

Gimm Ran Into a Rain Storm and Stopped 

at Fifty Miles. Trade News 

and Items. 

Cleveland, Ohio, Aug. 17.— Louis Gimm, the 
long-distance champion, made an attempt to 
lower the fifty-mile amateur record at C. A. C. 
Park Saturday afternoon, and, though he did 
not succeed in so doing, he made the distance 
in 2:11:17, which was a very creditable per- 
formance, considering the track. Local papers 
claim that he lowered the time by beating 
Harding's record of 2:12:45 3-5, made at St. 
Louis in 1894, but such is not the case, as the 
record is 2:04:00, and is held by Ulbrecht, of 
San Francisco. It was Gimm's intention to 
go for the 100-mile record, but rain put a stop 
to the performance after two and one-half 
miles had been covered, and by the time the 
track was again in shape it was too late to 
ride a century. The plucky rider had plenty 
of ginger left at the finish, doing the last five 
miles at a 2:22 clip and the finishing mile in 
2:18 1-5. The riding was tandem-paced 
throughout, five teams alternating. Another 
trial for the 100-mile record will probably be 
made the present week. Gimm rode a Pirate, 
the product of the Duquesne Cycle Mfg. Co., of 
Pittsburg, Pa. 

After a wait of over a month, word was re- 
ceived Saturday that Referee Boyle, of the 
Cleveland-Pittsburg road race contest, would 
not sustain the protest of Walters, the second 
man in, and that Gimm had been awarded the 
first prize. For the second time, therefore, the 
prize cup will adorn the parlors of the Cleve- 
land Wheel Club, and, besides, Gimm wins a 
$500 piano. 

George Myers and C. F. Storey, of the C. W. 
C, will give two race meets at C. A. 'C. Park, 
the first on Saturday, August 29, and the sec- 
ond on the following Saturday. 

W. A. Neff has severed his connection with 
the Lockwood-Taylor Co., and is now located 
in the New England Block as a manufact- 
urers' agent. The Tindex, the product of the 
Reading Mfg. Co., of Reading, Pa., will be his 
leader. 

The Wheelmen's Supply Co., at the corner 
of Superior and Erie streets, have hung the 
following notice upon the outer wall: "This 
concern has closed for the season." The con- 
cern consisted of Folsom, Booth and Salton- 
stall. First Booth drew out', followed by Fol- 
som, and now the store is empty. 

James Josephi, of the Tinkham Cycle Co., 
New York City, formerly with the Peerless 
Mfg. Co., of this city, is spending his vacation 
among relatives and friends in Cleveland. 



Ten years ago the cycling world of to-day, 
could it have been pictured, would have been 
thought a fantastic dream. What will we see 
in the twentieth century? 

ice vise your dictionaries by adding somno- 
cyclist— one who, while asleep, rides a bi- 
cycle. 



PUTTING GAS IN IT. 

The gas-inflated bicycle, after doing duty as 
marvel for full ten years or more, is once 
more on its rounds through the dailies. Un- 
der a Westfleld (N. J.) headline, the old 
standing space^filler looms up in this shape: 
Morse has been experimenting with inflating 
tires with different gases. He finds that with 
hydrogen he can decrease the weight of the 
wheels eight pounds, and that with com- 
pound oxygen gas-he can do even better. 

He says that an aluminum wheel with gas- 
inflated tires can be put on the track at a 
weight of less than ten pounds. 

If the experiments are kept up wheelmen 
will some day be able to ride through the 
air on wheels properly balanced so that the 
riders may maintain their equilibrium. Fans 
could be attached to the wheels to propel 
them through the air. 

Cycling's silly season is never over— in the 
daily papers. No matter how wild and weird 
a yarn may be regarding cycling, it will al- 
ways find plenty of newspapers anxious to 
print it. The foregoing is an evidence of this, 



66 



August 21, 



AMERICA'S CHANCES ABROAD. 

"Wheeling" thus honestly faces the ques- 
tion of the American invasion of the British 
market: 

"One point which has largely handicapped 
American machines in England this year has 
been the cemented-on tire and wood rim, 
which, being the rage across the Atlantic, 
American makers naturally conceived would 
be acceptable here. This has not proved a 
drawback on the Continent for some reason, 
and apparently Continental cyclists are quite 
content to ride cemented-on tires and wood 
rims, if two or three pounds in weight is 
saved and a similar sum in price. 

"It seems to us that American machines are 
fast becoming more popular on the Continent 
than the English-built article. We do not say 
this with any sense of satisfaction or comfort. 
It is a confession wrung from us by the evi- 
dences of our eyes and ears, and if English 
makers are to regain their European trade 
they will have to make similar deviations in 
pattern to those which American makers are 
finding necessary to secure a permanent Eng- 
lish trade. 

"The question of price is also one to be faced. 
American-made bicycles undersell English ma- 
chines on the Continent, partly because the 
latter have so many more fittings than the 
American, and partly because the American 
bicycle primarily costs less to produce." 



NEWSPAPERS AND FAKE SALES. 

The conclusion of a member of the staff of 
"The Business Journal" after he had spent 
$25 worth of time and $75 worth of temper 
was that the New Tork daily papers are reap- 
ing a harvest in bicycle "fake bargain adver* 
tisements." Drygoods stores, drug stores, 
clothing stores, jewelry stores, carriage re- 
positories, and heaven knows how many other 
kinds of stores are frantically offering "genu- 
ine high-grade $100 bicycles reduced to $39, 
$49, $59," etc. 

But when the bicycles are carefully ex- 
amined and the dealers pinned down, it be- 
comes evident that these wheels never sold 
for $100, except possibly during the early 
spring months, when people could not find 
the standard $100 wheels in the market, and 
would not wait to get them. 

Another year things will undobutedly be 
different, and while there may be concessions 
in some of the high-grade wheels, the public, 
having been better educated, will be in a con- 
dition to understand that the leading dealers 
who have spent thousands of dollars in build- 
ing up a first-class wheel have reputations 
to maintain, and will be in a position to give 
purchasers value received for their money. 



WHERE THE TROUBLE WAS. 

"The Hardware Trade" says the following 
is the cause of all the recent trouble in the 
cycle trade: "So certain were the manufact- 
urers and dealers in bicycles that the demand 
for wheels this season would be far beyond 
the supply, that little care was taken in in- 
curring expense for the large sale of wheels. 
Moreover, too little care was exercised as to 
the credits that were given on wheels. The 
desire for wheels was as great as any one ex- 
pected, but the capacity to fill the desire and 
pay for the filling was too limited. Had the 
prosperity of the country been at an 1892 
pitch, all the bicycles that could be made 
would have been sold. As it is, there will be 
wrecks of retailers, wholesalers and manu- 
facturers at the end of this season. But the 
wise and conservative way of handling wheels 
will be a source of profit next year and the 
next, and as long as men wish to save time 
and money by using a wheel. 



PRESSURE-AVOIDING SADDLE. 

"The G. & K. Health Cycle Saddle" is the 
title of a neat pamphlet issued by the Graton 
& Knight Manufacturing Company, Worcester, 
Mass., describing their line of bicycle saddles. 
This concern was established in 1850, as man- 
ufacturers of oak-tanned leather, and their ex- 
perience in this direction alone should put 
them in the front rank in the saddle business. 
Many new forms are shown, of which the 
Perry and the Murdock contain the most novel 
features, the former having a longitudinally 
divided top of unique design, while the latter' s 
chief point is a deep grove or channel along its 
pommel, which, they claim, avoids any pres- 
sure upon the perineum in riding. Other styles 
are illustrated, making a very complete va- 
riety, and the book should prove useful to any 
manufacturers in the market for the com- 
pany's product. 



AN OLD IDEA REVIVED. 
Here is the latest English adaptation of the 
famous American Broncho, a wheel which 
was expected to play hob with cycling in gen- 
eral, but compromised in the end by doing so 




with the bank accounts of its backers. May- 
be the English will succeed with the machine 
which Americans could only attain a failure, 
then again maybe they, too, will fail. 



BOTH FEET OFF THE GROUND. 

Certainly no one in our present year of 
grace sees anything wonderful in self-propul- 
sion on two wheels with both feet off the 
ground; yet when the matter is considered 
attentively it forces the admission that the 
man who first conceived and carried into 
practice so bold an action must have been 
both a wonderful and a daring man. 

A Scotch blacksmith named McMillan, in 
1840, appeared before the astonished eyes of 
Glasgow on a "velocipede," formed on two 
wheels in line, two pedals and two handles, 
having ridden the seventy miles from Keir, 
Dumfriesshire. As in the case of many an- 
other innovator, the authorities treated Mc- 
Millan as a dangerous lunatic. He was locked 
up in jail and released only on the promise 
that "he would not do so any more." 

The McMillan of to-day, seeking to move 
with both feet off the ground, is the flying- 
machine man. Fifty years may do for him 
what they have done in the case of the cycle. 



SHE OF THE CRESCENT. 

R. L. Coleman having safely arrived "on the 
other side," it is to be expected that such items 
as the following would appear in the English 
papers: 

"All the principal boardings in and around 
London contain at present a tremendous poster 
advertising American Crescent cycles. The 
graceful figure of a young girl holding aloft a 
Crescent machine catches the eye of the passer- 
by, and is becoming as familiar as "To-Day's" 
yellow girl. It is a splendid advertisement, and 
bound to have the desired effect of familiar- 
izing the public with the name of the Cres- 
cent." 



FIXED AT HOME AND ABROAD. 

Chautauqua Lake is a beautiful place, and 
Chautauqua as a seat of learning has gained 
a world-wide reputation. Directly at the 
foot of the lake is Jamestown, the home of 
the Fenton Metallic Company, and here, sur- 
rounded by the greenest of hills and close 
by one of nature's most delightful little in- 
land seas, the Fenton bicycle is made. The 
company is making active preparations for 
the '97 trade, much new machinery has been 
added to their already extensive plant and 
the coming year will see them in better 
shape than ever to meet their increasing 
demands. They were among the pioneers 
in seeking European trade and have an es- 
tablishment in Paris that has been the means 
of making the name "Fenton" very well 
known on the other side, and with the ad- 
vantages of a good beginning an active 
campaign in foreign trade is being contem- 
plated in the near future which will un- 
doubtedly bring good results. 



CYCLE-HOLDING FURNITURE. 

A piece of furniture is now made to keep 
bicycles in. It is of handsomely carved wood 
and intended to stand in a hall. It comes in 
two parts. The lower, which is made a little 
higher than the wheels, opens with two broad 
doors, while the upper is much narrower, be- 
ing intended to accommodate the handles and 
saddles. A shelf is provided to hold any ex- 
tras one may have, as hats or gloves. 

Covers to fit over wheels are also made of 
handsome cretonne or plain materials, out- 
lined with some appropriate design. The 
seams should be bound with bright-colored 
braid. These covers are very attractive 
and serve the double purpose of protecting 
the bicycle and one's clothing where the ma- 
chine has to be kept in small rooms or halls 
in summer cottages. 

A cover made of rubber or water-proof cloth 
is of advantage at the seashore or where the 
bicycles are kept in wire-inclosed piazzas. 



ONE THOUSAND AT $5 EACH. 

One of the most imposing and gorgeous 
structures in New York is nearing comple- 
tion. It is to be occupied by a drygoods con- 
cern, an up-to-date drygoods concern. Be- 
sides tape and thimbles its capacious roof 
will cover a horse market and a Rusisan 
bath. The stock will consist of anything be- 
tween a needle and a Western steer. The 
proprietors expect that New Tork will stand 
aghast as soon as their store is in full swing. 
It is announced that during the first half- 
hour after the opening of this store a thou- 
sand bicycles will be sold at $5. An ambu- 
lance service will be on tap. The wheels are 
said to have been already purchased from 
one of the companies which have lately got- 
ten into financial difficulties. 



Quench a customer's wrath by courteous 
treatment, and he will live to praise thee. 



DO YOU WANT FOREIGN TRADE? 

In these days, when so many of our promi- 
nent manufacturers are either going to Eu- 
rope themselves or sending their representa- 
tives, with the object of establishing Euro- 
pean agencies, it is unusual to have a first- 
class English firm come here in search of 
wheels. The Hadley Cycle Company, Lim- 
ited, No. 21 Grove Terrace, Highgate Road, 
London, N. W., England, backed by first- 
class references and having an established 
connection among buyers all over Europe (as 
they have been cycle manufacturers for the 
last twenty years and importers of American 
wheels for a year), are open to receive con- 
signments of wheels or accessories, and will 
on mutually advantageous terms introduce, 
sell and conduct the business of a first-class 
American firm wanting to secure a sound 
European trade. 



1896. 



6 7 



STRONG AS ITS NAMESAKE. 

Work on the plant of the Hercules Seamless 
Drawn Tube Co. at Garwood, N. J., has prog- 
ressed rapidly during the past month, and 
next month operations will begin. The main 
building is about 200 feet long and 100 feet 
wide, free from posts, the roof being sup- 
ported by trusses. Adjoining this is a spa- 
cious brick and iron building, which will be de- 
voted entirely to hot treatment of the metal. 
Next to this is the boiler-house, in which 
three Bigelow horizontal tubular boilers are 
being installed, with room for additions. The 
heavy pumping engines, which furnish power 
to the hydraulic drawing machinery, are lo- 
cated with other parts of the power plant at 
the east end of the main structure. 

In a separate brick and iron building is in- 
stalled #he gas plant, to furnish fuel for the 
annealing processes. The methods adopted 
by the company are prepared to make tubes 
of special high temper (or "carbon"), which 
will withstand the most severe vibratory 
tests, and excel in tensile and torsional 
strength, without undue sacrifice of ductility. 
The company states that it has secured the 
finest and purest quality of Swedish Martin 
steel, that has never been used for the pur- 
pose, and that the business of making seam- 
less tubes will be developed and continued 
strictly on basis of quality. Tubes of high 
or low temper (or "carbon") will be made ac- 
cording to customers' desire and require- 
ments. 

The superintendent, Henry J. White, brings 
into the business a long and valuable experi- 
ence in the steel making and tube business, 
acquired in prominent positions with Thomas 
Turton & Sons, Sheffield, England; Smith 
Brothers & Co., Pittsburg, Penn., and others. 
To this is added Mr. Buell's experience in the 
steel business, and careful study and prac- 
tice in the cold rolling, cold drawing and 
special annealing and treatment of soft and 
high temper steels during the past several 
years. For cycle makers two brands are of- 
fered, Hercules and Hercules special, and 
either quality will be in rounds, squares, "D" 
shape or hexagon. A handsome price list is 
being prepared, and will be furnished upon 
application. A New York office has been 
opened at Room 54, Astor House. 



CHANCE TO GET A GOOD FACTORY. 

The Slaymaker-Barry Co., Lancaster, Pa., 
who have been such a factor in the '96 sundry 
trade, through the medium of their well- 
known line of bicycle' locks, have found that 
their business in the hardware line necessi- 
tated increased facilities, and in the near 
future Connellsville, Pa., will be their post- 
office address. This throws upon the market 
their elegant plant at Lancaster, which in 
many ways would be an ideal one for the 
manufacture of bicycles. Descriptive circu- 
lars can be had upon application. 



TIMELY TIP TO TIRE-TONICERS. 

Compounders of "tire tonics" or anti-leak in- 
jections had better beware. There are signs of 
trouble ahead. One of the signs is in the pos- 
session of C. W. Robison, of Peoria, 111. — a pat- 
ent which he states was issued to him as long 
ago as December, 1891. It covers all forms of 
liquid preparations intended to heal or pre- 
vent punctures. Mr. Robison states that he is 
biding his time, but hints broadly that he will 
assume the aggressive when that time arrives. 
At present he is marketing a self-healing 
"tonic" of his own. "Cactus Gum" he calls it. 



The Ellwood Weldless Tube Company, of 
EUwood City, Penn., proposes bidding for Eng- 
lish trade, and to that end has opened an office 
on the Viaduct, in London. 



AUTOMATIC AND PRACTICAL. 

No one but the initiated can conceive of the 
patience, time and study required to perfect 
a new device for a particular line of work. 
Simple or complicated, continued experiments 
are necessary to reach the goal of success. 
As an example the burnishing machine 
shown herewith required several years of 
devotion and study, and a large expenditure 
of money by the manufacturers, the Drapery 
Fixture Company, Worcester, Mass., before 
perfection was gained. The machine is 
adapted to finishing or polishing both metals 
and wood, and is particularly intended for 




finishing bicycle frames after they have been 
brazed. It is automatic in operation to the 
largest degree practical and is still under 
complete control, enabling the operator to 
control the abrasive force at any desired 
point, as well as producing a fine, uniform 
finish, such as has heretofore been obtained 
by slow and expensive methods. Every Uni- 
versal Burnisher is thoroughly tested and 
guaranteed. Certain of the principal parts 
are interchangeable and duplicates may be 
obtained by referring to the proper letters 
and numbers. 



HERE IS AN IMPROVED HUB. 



The features of the hub shown herewith, 
which its manufacturers, Messrs. Marrett & 
Morrison, of Chicago, claim will make it a 
success, are put forth as being these: The 
barrel is turned from a solid bar of Bessemer 
steel and accurately finished. The cups are 
of crucible steel, hardened and ground, 
screwing into the shell. The cup is backed 
up by a nut which not only acts as a lock, 
but strengthens the cup in the weak point of 




all cups, that is, the bottom, and also con- 
tains a recess which holds in place a thin 
felt washer, the washer, together with the 
very small opening into the shell to admit 
the axle and cone, makes the hub nearly dust 
proof. Adjustment is gained by screwing one 
of the cones in or out on the axle. The hub's 
design admits of the cones being made very 
strong, leaving no feather edges to chip off. 
The axle is large and made of mild steel. 



Charley Wells, Syracuse, N. Y., formerly 
with E. C. Stearns & Co., of that city, is in- 
terested in a wood-frame bicycle patent, and 
a large brick building has been rented on 
South West street for the manfacture of the 
new wheel. 



OUT IN THE WOODS. 
It seems almost a paradox that one of the 
largest and best equipped wood rim manu- 
facturers should be located in the very heart 
of our great oil country, surrounded on all 
sides by towering derricks and reeking tanks, 
yet such is a fact. The Bradford Hardwood 
Company, who recently absorbed the Fair- 
banks Company at Tonawanda, N. Y., have 
in course of construction at Bradford, Penn., 
what promises to be the most extensive plant 
for the making of wood rims in the United 
States. Surrounded on all sides by immense 
forests of just the desired timbers, the natu- 
ral advantage of which cannot be overesti- 
mated, the logs are cut from the stumps only 
a short distance away, hauled to the factory, 
and an interested spectator literally sees the 
logs enter one end of the factory and rims 
rolling out at the other. As to the quality of 
the products, it is sufficient to say the Fair- 
banks standard will be retained, and that 
means the best. 



KEYED TO ANY NOTE. 

Novelties in the sundry market are num- 
erous and diversified, and show man's inge- 
nuity in every conceivable manner. One of the 
latest devices is a whistle, styled Aeolian 
Automatic Bicycle Whistle, operated on the 
principal of the Sturtevant fan. It can be 
operated without removing the hand from 
the bar, is easily adjusted, and is entirely 
automatic. The whistle can be keyed to any 
desired note, and will emit a sound that can 
be heard half a mile. As shown in the cut 
elsewhere, it is attached to the front fork, 
and is operated by the pressure of the finger 
on the trigger at handlebar, which is con- 
nected to the whistle by a cord. The device 
weighs five ounces. The Field Mfg. Co., No. 
21 Quincy street, Chicago, are the distribut- 
ing agents. 



SAMPLE, IF YOU WANT IT. 

Two very neat designs in crank brackets 
are being turned out by the Worcester Fer- 
rule and Manufacturing Co., Worcester, 
Mass., samples of either of which will be sent 
on application. One has a tread of 3% inches 
and the other of 2% to 3% inches, with varia- 
tions for the size of balls in the hub cases. 
The company recently doubled the capacity 
of their plant, and now have unequalled fa- 
cilities for supplying the trade with the best 
cold rolled sheet steel fittings. Their line con- 
sists of ball-bearing cases, head shells, head 
cones, fork crowns, rear fork ends, frame 
connections, seat and post ferrules, handle- 
bar tees, crank hangers, chain screws, etc. 



WHERE YOU WANT NO VIBRATION. 

In no place has the want of an anti-vi- 
bratory device been so apparent as on the 
handle-bar. It has often been remarked that 
after a long ride not only the hands, but the 
arms, have experienced a numb feeling that 
was due entirely to the jolting and jarring 
that those members were subjected to while 
partly supporting the weight of the body. 
The pneumatic grip made by the Lund Pneu- 
matic Grip Company, Aqueduct Building, 
Rochester, N. Y., should offset this to a con- 
siderable degree, and to those looking for 
comfort should prove an invaluable addition 
to the wheel. 



It has recently been decided by the custom 
authorities in Italy that all "wooden hopps" 
(rims) for velocipede wheels imported into thai 
country are to be entered as utensils and man- 
ufactures of wood, under which the duty is at 
the rate of IS lire per quintal. 



68 



August 21, 



NATIONAL CYCLE SHOWS 

Under the auspices of the National Beard of Trade 

of Cycle Manufacturers, National Shoe 

and Leather Bank Building, 371 

Broadway, New York. 

January 23-30— Chicago, Coliseum. 

February 6 13— New York, Grand Central Palace. 



TRADE CHANGES. 



CALIFORNIA. 

Santa Ana— Wright & Hill; Hill gives mort- 
gage, $2,000. 

COLORADO. 

Pueblo— Pueblo Hardware Company sued, 
$287.56. 

CONNECTICUT. 

Greenwich— H. W. Waring, Jr., & Co., as- 
signed. 

Wallingford— Hall Manufacturing Company in- 
corporated, to manufacture sundries; capital 
stock, $10,000; president, F. J. Hall; secretary 
and treasurer, Zina E. Dowd. 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

Washington— Fowler Cycle Company sued, $520. 

Washington— W. D. Hadger assigned. 
ILLINOIS. 

Chicago— J. D. Prouty Manufacturing Com- 
pany incorporated by J. D. Prouty, M. Prouty 
and C. A. Tice, to manufacture bicycles; cap- 
ital stock, $2,500. 

Chicago— Fowler Cycle Company have closed 
down their works for at least two months, 
throwing out of employment over 300 men. The 
company's action is due to the polishers having 
struck because of a cut in their wages. 
INDIANA. 

Crawfordsville— A. C. Tilney, new bicycle re- 
pair shop. 

Evansville— Cy. Robinson & Gecrge Clark, Jr., 
bicycle repair shop at 307 Upper Seventh street. 

Indianapolis— The Davis Manufacturing Com- 
pany incorporated, to manufacture bicycle 
brakes. 

Indianapolis— Harry McNaught and J. B. Mc- 
Closkey, new bicycle dealers and agents for 
Jewett & Lanham's "Old Reliable" tire punct- 
ure remedy. 

Lafayette— Lindsay Bicycle and Manufactur- 
ing Company asking ninety days' extension. 

Terre Haute— Miller & Dinkle, bicycle dealers, 
North Ninth street, dissolved; Mr. Miller will 
continue the business. 

Warsaw— The bicycle emporium at Winona 
Park damaged by storm; loss, $1,000. 
KENTUCKY. 

Louisville— Griffith & Semple succeeded by A. 
L. Semple & Co. 

LOUISIANA. 

New Orleans— The Crescent has consolidated 
with the Jackson Cycling Company. 
MAINE. 

South Portland— The Lovell Bicycle Company's 
factory is rapidly being pushed to completion, 
and will be ready for occupancy next month. 
MASSACHUSETTS. 

East Brookfield— The Greyhound Bicycle Com- 
pany filed voluntary petition in insolvency. Re- 
turnable September 1. Creditors' petition now 
pending. 

MICHIGAN. 

Coldwater— Shugers Brothers electing new bi- 
cycle factory in Chicago street, two doors east 
of the Free Public Library. 

Detroit— F. Baulch, bicycle dealer" at 594 Jef- 
ferson avenue, gave chattel mortgage for $1,500 
to William A. Ayres. 

Grand Rapids— Hamilton-Kenwood Cycle Com- 
pany incorporated by C. L. Thayer, Charles R. 
Sligh, F. Baars, J. D. Case, to manufacture bi- 
cycles and sundries; capital $200,000. 

Manistique— Guinan & McLeod, bicycle repair 
shop. 

Saginaw— H. G. Krogman; chattel mortgage, 
$500. 

St. Charles— O. R. Hintermeister; trust chat- 
tel mortgage, $2,475. 

Springport— A. Punches, bicycle repairer; busi- 
ness purchased by Wiselogel & Doak, who have 
largely ext?nded it. 

MINNESOTA. 

Minneapolis— The L. G. Fenton Company, bi- 
cycles, reported closing out. 

Minneapolis— Davidson & Sons' Store at- 
tached for $200. 



Minneapolis— The S. F. Heath Cycle Company, 
recently assigned, has filed schedule showing 
assets to be $6,878.74; liabilities, $15,386.99. 

Minneapolis— Smith & Zimmer assigned. 

Minneapolis— H. J. Pyle, hardware and sport- 
ing goods dealer at 36 Washington avenue, 
South, damaged by fire; loss, $5,000. 

Redwood Falls— C. C. Morgan has invented a 
bicycle, an I a local company has been formed 
to manufacture and market it. 

St. Cloud— Tenvoorde & White, bicycles, in- 
solvent. Stock of bicycles placed on sale in the 
McClure Block, under the charge of H. J. Wes;. 
MONTANA. 

Butte— Butte Cycle Company; F. H. Talbott 
confesses judgment for $2,091. 

Great Falls— Powell Brothers, jewellers, have 

moved to larger quarters at 215 Central avenue, 

where they will handle Lovell Diamond bicycles 

in addition to their jewelry business. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Nashua— Corson Cycle Company incorporated, 
with a capital stock of $30,000. 
NEW JERSEY. 

Elizabeth— The Gilbert & Chester Company. 
Five chattel mortgages, aggregating $7,500. Ask- 
ing eight and ten months' extension. The com- 
pany was incorporated January, 1895, with a 
capital of $10,000. 

Plainfield— New Jersey Wheel Company. Will- 
iam R. Coddington appointed receiver. Assets, 
$10,000; liabilities, $12,000. 




Rambler Meet ClubSBadge. 



NEW MEXICO. 

Las Vegas— John James, Jr., bicycle repair 
shop. 

NEW YORK. 

Buffalo— Carroll & Weber gone out of business. 

Buffalo— William G. & Fred G. Shack. Execu- 
tions aggregating $708.84 issued by the Dunlop 
Tire Company and the Hartford Cycle Company ; 
in hands of Sheriff. 

Elbridge— Elbridge Cycle Company sued, $450. 

New York— Eclipse Electric Lamp Company. 
Judgment in favor of Electric Lamp Company, 
$3,456.77. 
New York — S. F. Myers & Co., agents for Olym- 
pic Cycle Manufacturing Company. Louis F. 
Clarke, Jr., appointed receiver. Nominal assets, 
$819,000; liabilities, $517,000; attached, $70,409. S. 
F. Myers transfers real estate, $355,936, subject 
to mortgage of $275,000. 

New York— Porter & Gilmour. Judgments for 
Mary Gilmour, $4,447; G. S. Dufford, $203.24. 

Niagara Falls— The Lucien & Charles O. 
Barnes Manufacturing Company will probably 
erect a bicycle factory which will employ 300 
men. 

Syracuse— The Tourist Cycle Company will re- 
build their bicycle factory, which was recently 
burned, at a loss of $30,000. 

Syracuse— H. M. Scoville burned out; loss. 
$1,500; insurance, $1,000. 

OHIO. 

Akron— H. H. Crowther. Judgment, $160.15. 
Sued $100. 



Cleveland— The wood rim factory of the Kuntz 
Bending Works is rapidly nearing completion, 
and machinery is being placed in position. 

Columbus— Charles H. Bell, bicycle repair shop 
at 81 East Spring street, made an assignment. 
Estimated assets, $2,200; liabilities, $1,500. 

Columbus— Herr Bicycle Company. Assignee 
teports receipts for sales and rentals, $656.50; ex- 
penditures, $134.11; cash on hand, $522.39; stock 
on hand valued at $1,400. 

Dayton— Gun City Cycle Company succeeded 
by Smith & Co. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Collumsville— The Hullor collar factory, J. 
Hullor, proprietor, has commenced to manu- 
facture leather bicycle tires. 

Kittaning — I. L. Green, formerly of New Ken- 
sington, will open a bicycle factory and repair 
shop here. 

Pittsburg— Pittsburg Tapering Tube Company 
incorporated by George M. Cote, treasurer. Cap- 
ital stock, $1,000. 

Pittsburg— Campbell & Bro., of Beaver Falls, 

have been awarded contract to build stone and 

iron building 400x60, two stories high, in this city, 

to be occupied by the McCool Tube Company. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Newport— Francis S. Clark. Chattel mortgage, 
$1,500. 

WISCONSIN. 

Fond du Lac— Fidelity Cycle Company. Chat- 
tel mortgage, $1,000. 

Milwaukee— Telegram Cycle Manufacturing 
Company closed by Sheriff. 



KECK'S GOING ACROSS, TOO. 
But not on business. Keck represents the 
Central Cycle Manufacturing Co., who are 
not overloaded # and have no need to go 
abroad. They make the Ben Hur. Keck has 
been known to the trade for ten years back, 
in connection with the business of Harry 
Hearsey. In fact, no two men are better 
known throughout the city of Indianapolis 
and at League meets and shows, and both of 
them have percolated even outside the borders 
of their own State. Keck goes abroad for a 
pure and simple vacation after a ten years 
stretch of uninterrupted hard work. 



GOOD THING IN GOOD HANDS. 

President W. E. Miller of the Shelby 
(Ohio) Steel Tube Company, Shelby, was in 
New York during the last week. He opened 
a branch house at 144 Chambers street, from 
where all business for New England, East- 
ern New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey 
and Maryland will be. handled. L. B. Thorn- 
burgh, who has been with the company for 
the last three years, will manage the Eastern 
department. 



TOURING ALL ON. 

A husband and wife on bicycles coupled to- 
gether by steel rods, from which was suspend- 
ed a seat for their seven-year-old child, rode 
through Augusta, Me., on a tour of New Eng- 
land the other day. A tent and luggage, 
which brought the weight of the whole outfit 
up to 400 pounds, were carried, and they trav- 
elled about twenty miles a day, they said. 



WHERE GAS IS CHEAP. 

A semi-combine is likely to be made be- 
tween the Worcester Cycle Company and the 
Middletown Cycle Company, whereby frames 
for the machines of both concerns will be 
made in Worcester, and the fittings in Mid- 
dletown. The cheapness of gas in Worcester 
is the reason given for the proposed union. 



TO MAKE VEHICLES. 

The Graff Manufacturing Company, of New 
York, has been incorporated to manufacture 
bicycles and vehicles, with a capital of 
$100,000. The directors are Andrew Graff, 
M. J. Fenton, George H. Carpenter, George 
H. Kietz and Henri Lemaire. 



1896. 



69 



SIMPLICITY MAKES SUCCESS. 

Extreme simplicity of construction is the 
point that the bicycle manufacturer is ever 
striving for. And simplicity is one of the 
strong features of the hub made by the Cull- 
man Tubular Hub Co., of Syracuse, N. Y. 
Being made from short pieces of tubing, no 
spoke flanges are required, thus doing away 
with the vast quantity of machine work so 
necessary in the regulation pattern. The 
spokes are merely hooked into the hubs, the 




end of the spoke being bent at an angle, mak- 
ing repair in case of accident a very easy 
matter. The Cullman hub was used by a num- 
ber of manufacturers in the season just passed, 
and the fact that they will continue its use in 
the future augurs well for its efficiency. The 
company is now ready to quote shop rights to 
manufacturers, and would be pleased to hear 
from interested parties. 



OFFERS MUCH THAT IS GOOD. 

The detachable lamp bracket made by the 
Forsythe Manufacturing Company, of Buf- 
falo, N. Y., is too well known to merit any 
further description, but for the '97 trade 
they are offering a varied line of parts that 
will undoubtedly help sustain their already 
established reputation. For the manufact- 
urers of wooden dress and mud guards they 
can furnish a complete set of metal connec- 
tions necessary to clamp the guards to the 
frame. In the brake line they have a most 
thoroughly detachable hand brake that can 
be disconnected from the wheel in a moment. 
They also make bearing cases of a good 
design, fitted with retaining washers that 
prevent the falling out of balls when the 
axle is removed. This seems to be the popu- 
lar style of bearing for the coming year, and 
is by all odds the most sensible. 



NEW METAL LIKE GOLD. 

A new metal for cycle materials that prom- 
ises to be an attractive feature in future cycle 
manufacture is being made into a full line of 
cycle fittings— weldless tubing, spokes, chains, 
pedals, etc.— by the Pendleton Manufacturing 
Company, Carbondale, Pa. It is claimed for 
the Carbondale metal that it is absolutely rust- 
less, considerably stronger than steel, and will 
not lose its beautiful color even under the 
most unfavorable circumstances. It is made 
in either gold or silver color. Samples can be 
obtained from the sole agents, United States 
Cycle Fittings Co., 20 "Warren street, New 
York. 



NON-RATTLING TIME-TELLER. 

A watch specially constructed to stand 
without injury the constant jarring and extra 
strain a timepiece undergoes when attached 
to the handle-bar of a cycle is the Yankee 
Bicycle Watch, made by Robert Ingersoll & 
Bros., 65 and 67 Cortlandt st. They are cov- 
ered by a broad guarantee to keep accurate 
time. They have holders which clamp the 
watch safely to the bar and permit instant 
attachment and detachment. They are light, 
small, strong and handsomely finished in 




nickel. The accompanying cut shows 
construction of the holder, which prevents 
rattling of ring and crown and holds the 
watch in the clamp at the same time. Per- 
haps the best feature of the Yankee watch is 
its cheapness. 



Even in a chair, one's weight is not so well 
divided, hygienically considered, as it is on a 
bicycle. 



"W. C. Marion, of the Indiana Bicycle Com- 
pany, is booked for Europe this week. 



The increasing demand for "Vim tires has 
compelled the Boston Woven Hose and Rub- 
ber Company to remove their New York 
headquarters from No. 63 Reade street to 
Nos. 89 and il Reade street. Here the firm 
have much more room and will be able to 
carry a much larger stock. 



R-LES5. 




NOTHING TO EQUAL IT 



STRENGTH, TOUGHNESS, FINISH 
and EXACTNESS TO GAUGE. 

REINFORCED THE ENTIRE LENGTH. 

Get a sample to test and be convinced it is all we claim for it before deciding what tubing you will use. Note that the metal comes 
tight together at the seam. No spelter filling to run out when reheated. Cut to exact lengths as required. Gauges, 16 to 24. Diameters, 
^", ]/%, 1 inch, 1% and 1% inches up to 28 inches in length. 

BROWN MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 

SALES OFFICES: 

Chicago-20 West Water Street. New York-35 Warren Street. 

Kindlv mention The Wheel. 




THE RAY CYCLE SEAT 

is the only Bicycle Saddle which affords an unchangeable support to the mus- 
cular parts, and a yielding support to the rigid pelvic bones, thus reciprocat- 
ing nature and furnishing a perfectly ideal bicycle seat. 




It is ridden by over one hundred of the best-known physicians of Greater 
New York, who unite in declaring that physical injury from it is impossible, 
and who will ride no other. 

Satisfaction Guaranteed. Price, $5.00 Each. 
CORMULLY & JEFFERY MFC. CO., 

Mention Th« Whe.l, 039-94B Eighth Ave., New York. 



August 21, 



PATENTS GRANTED. 

No. 565,44-3. Coupling for Bicycles— Ulysses S. 
Ellis, Edgewater, N. J. Filed July 23, 1895. Serial 
No. 556,883. No model. 

No. 565,451. Bicycle Tire— Richard K. Greg- 
ory, Gresnsbcrough, N. C. Filed December 6, 
1895. Serial No. 571,248. No model. 

No. 565,472. Bicycle— Howard W. Lester, East 
Hartford, Conn., assignor of one-half to Fred- 
erick C Rockwell, Hartford, Conn. Filed April 
24, 1895. Serial No. 546,999. No model. 

No. 565,476. Apparatus for Inserting Springs 
in Bicycle Tires— Herman M. Linstedt, Sag 
Harbor, N. T. Filed November 9, 1895. Serial 
No. 568,393. No model. 

No. 565,537. Bicycle Lock— Gustav H. Gunder- 
son, Chicago, 111. Filed April 25, 1896. Serial No. 
589,087. No model. 

No. 565,542. Bicycle — Alexander Jameson, In- 
dianapolis, Ind. Filed October 30, 1895. Serial 
No. 567,345. No model. 

No. 565,556. Bicycle— Charles C. Murray, 
Northborough, Mass. Filed October 30, 1895. 
Serial No. 567,432. No model. 

No. 565,658. Bicycle Lock— John M. Akers, 



Cleveland, Ohio. Filed March 9, 1896. Serial No. 
582,305. No model. 

No. 565,659. Driving Gear for Cycles— George 
W. Amos, Chicago, 111. Filed January 20, 1896. 
Serial No: 576,213. No model. 

No. 565,718. Steering Gear for Bicycles— Al- 
phonso F. Boardman, Brooklyn, N. Y. Filed 
December 26. 1895. Serial No. 573,237. No model. 

No. 565,782. Lock for Bicycles— Albert W. Nutz, 
Wallace, Kan. Filed October 18, 1895. Serial No. 
566,098. No model. 

No. 565,783. Bicycle Frame— August J. Oberg 
and Andrew W. Gustafson, Waterloo, Neb., as- 
signor of one-third to J. A. Cummings, same 
place. Filed June 15, 1895. Serial No. 522,939. No 
model. 

No. 565,788. Pedal for Bicycles— Charles Otis, 
New York, N. Y. Filed July 21, 1894. Serial No. 
518,186. No model. 

No. 565,819. Changeable Speed Mechanism- 
Harry D. Weed, Syracuse, N. Y., assignor to 
Francis W. Gridley, same place. Filed October 
8, 1895. Serial No. 565,086. No model. 

No. 565,825. Cap for Bicycle Valves— David 
Basch, New York, N. Y. Filed May 11, 1896. 
Serial No. 591,046. No model. 



No. 565,854. Process of Manufacturing Tires- 
Robert Cowen, Cambridge, Mass., assignor to 
the Boston Woven Hose and Rubber Company, 
Boston, Mass. Filed January 13, 1896. Serial No. 
575,307. No specimens. 

No. 25,913. Toe-Clip-Samuel Mills Bevin, East 
Hampton, Conn. Filed May 11, 1896. Serial No. 
591,200. Term of patent, three and a half years. 

No. 25,919. Name-Plate for Bicycles— Edward 
Alexander, Providence, R. I. Filed July 6, 1896. 
Serial No. 598,238. Term of patent, three and a 
half years. 

No. 28,758. Bicycles— The William Hengerer 
Company, Buffalo, N. Y. Filed July 13, 1896. 
Essential feature, the words "Buffalo Queen." 
Used since April 4, 1895. 

No. 28,759. Bicycles, Tricycles and the Like— 
The Reading Standard Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Reading, Penn. Filed July 13, 1896. The 
letter "R" and the word "Reading." Used since 
May 1, 1896. 



Bicycle brakes are the articles mentioned to 
be manufactured by the Davis Mfg. Co., a Arm 
that was incorporated at Indianapolis last 

week. 



RECENT PATENTS. 



565,825. CAP FOR BICYCLE-VALVES. 



i June S. 1895. Serial No. 551.521 



LCOOAGE-CAP.RIEB. H*BBT C. Plumps. RochertOT, 
the Rochester Bicycle Combination Holder Company. 
1576,201. (Hon 




1896. 



7i 



SOLID THROUGH TRAINS. 
No Change of Cars of Any Class. 

Entire trains consisting of baggage cars, buffet 
sleeping cars and elegant day coaches, lighted by 
gas, heated by steam and with all the modern im- 
provements, are run between New York and Chicago 
every day in the year via West Shore and Nickel 
Plate roads. Superb dining cars west of Buffalo and 
coaches in charge of uniformed colored porters. 

For lowest rates via this popular route apply to 
your nearest ticket agent, or address F. J. Moore, 
General Agent, Nickel Plate Road, Buffalo, N. Y. 

No. 16. .** 



SERVOSS' SECTIONAL, 

ROAD MAPS 

SHOWING THE GOOD ROADS. 
Long Island, - - 25c. | Staten Island, - 25c. 
Northeastern New Jersey, ... - - 50c. 
Kings and Queen" Counties, - 50c. 

Westchester County, 50c. 

The Jersey Shore, from Perth Amboy to Toms 

River, 50c. 

Northeastern Massachusetts, .... 50c. 
The Shores of the Hudson River (Part I), from 

New York to Poughkeepsie, ... 50c. 
The Shores of the Hudson River (Part II), 

from Poughkeepsie to Troy, - ... 50o. 

Rockland County, N. Y., 25c. 

Wall Map of Long Island, mounted on rollers, $1.50. 
For Sale by the Principal Dealers, or by the Publisher, 

R. D. SERVOSS, 21 & 23 Centre St., New York. 



AUTOMATIC CYCLE WHISTLE. 




A full-nickeled whistle, 
weight nine ounces, at- 
tached to any wheel in 
two minutes; cannot 
possibly injure the tire ; 
can be used with or with- 
out brake rod. Sold by 
retail dealers every- 
where. Sample sent on 
receipt of price, $a oo. 

Liberal discount to 
dealers. 

Address all communi- 
cations to 



AUTOMATIC CYCLE WHISTLE CO., 



Mention The Wheel. 



Indianapolis, Ind. 



It is the intention of Humber & Co., America, Limi- 
ted, to establish during the fall of 1896 a branch 
retail depot in every prominent city of the United 
States. Applications for the position of manager for 
each city will be received until Sept. 15 Salary and 
percentage on sales will be given desirable men 
Applicants must state general business experience 
( xperience in the cycle business not a necessary 
requisite). Satisfactory references as to character, 
reputation, business and social connections, capabili- 
ties and business diligence, together with bonds, 
will be required of each manager. *** 



CHANCE TO GET FOREIGN TRADE. 

Salesman, thoroughly versed in the cycle 
trade, who is going abroad September 1, and 
who has already travelled the ground, desires 
to represent a bicycle and a tire concern ; will 
also be in position to place meritorious cycle 
sundries. Salary or commission ; will establish 
office in London. Address RESULTS, care 
THE WHEEL. „* 




10 



CTS. 




HIGHEST GRADE OILER. 

Does Not Leak:. THE ' 

Second to none but the " Perfect.' 
Unequaled for High-Grade Wheels. An excellent article for cheaper wheels. 

CUSHMAN & DENISON, 172 Ninth Ave., New York. 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 




THE 

Toledo Machine aid Tool Go. 

501-505 SUPERIOR ST., TOLEDO, 0. 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

Presses, Dies and Special Machinery 

FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF 

BICYCL E PARTS 

and all kinds of fittings. 

DROP F0RGIN6S AND TRIMMING PRESSES. 

....Send for Catalogue.... 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 




B 



a 



™^WEST SIDE AUCTION HOUSE CO., 

381, 383 and 385 West Madison St., 

CHICAGO, ILL. 



AUCTION SALE 



AT OUJl ROOMS THIS DAY 

(SATURDAY), AUGUST 29, 

At % o'clock p. m. sharp, 



B 



Of 1,250 High-Crade 

SAFETY BICYCLES. 

All new and perfect 1896 Ladies' and Gents' Guaranteed Wheels. 
Sale without limit or reserve and in lots to suit the trade. 

THE WEST SIDE AUCTION HOUSE CO. incorporated.. 

AUCTIONEERS. 

Mention The Wheei. 



ill 



7 2 



August 2 1, 



EMPLOYMENT COLUMN. 



Advertisements in this C ilnmn Free 



Patrons of this column will please notify us when 
they desire notice withdrawn. 



SITUATIONS WANTED. 



Experienced bicycle man, connected with the trade 
for years and familiar with every d tail, offers his 
services to a house requiring experience, energy and 
ability Address H., Room 35, 59 Liberty Street, New 
York City. 

Owing to the sale of the Standard Cycle Works of 
Chicago, of which company I was the president and 
manager, I desire a position elsewhere; am familiar 
witn the best construction, and am competent to take 
charge of any portion of a moderate s*ze business, or 
ent re charge. W. W. Vernon, ion Forest Avenue, 
Evanston, 111. 

Continental— Experienced traveler, who willshortly 
be disengaged, wishes to correspond with makers of 
bicyc es or accessories desi'ous of opening up busi- 
ness in France. S. B., 136 Boulevard Pereire, Paris. 

A man having had eight years' experience in the 
bicycle business as repairman, saesman, instructor, 
trainer, and general manager, not afraid of work, 
with satisfactory reference, will be open for engage- 
ment about September 1; correspondence solicited. 
Address D. C, care of The Wheel. 

Wanted, situation by a first-class drop forger of 
fourteen years' experience on bicycles and other 
forgings; steady and competent; state wages paid. 
P. Andrew, General Delivery, Toledo, Ohio. 

Situation wanted by Sept. 1, by live man; thor- 
oughly posted, particularly in sundries. Address 
T. W., care The Wheel. 

Wanted— I have had eight years' active experience 
in the bicycle business as manager and as sales an; 
I an now open to consider propositions from reliable 
factories only; salary, or commission and expenses. 
Address R. W. F., No. 235 W. 37th St , N. Y. City. 

Experienced brazer desres position; six years' 
experience on high-grade wheels. Address E. W., 
care The Wheel. 

A thoroughly competent advertiser— as manager 
or assistant— of several years' experience in the bi- 
cycle business, will be open for an engsgem-nt from 
September, or earlier, it necessary. First-class con- 
nections only can be considered. Address, M E., 
care of The Wheel. 

Wanted— Position as bicycle instructor or salesman 
in sporting goods house; have had several years' ex- 
perience ; thoroughly acquainted with the trade. 
J. H. M., Station F, Franktord P. O., Phila. 

Bicycl- mechanic, expert in every detail of manu- 
facture, is op n for engagement'; r ferences. Ad- 
dress Perfect, care The Wiieel. 

Wanted— Position as traveler or manager of branch 
store in the West; am now in charge of Columbia 
agency in the East ; thorough knowledge of cycle 
trade ; highest references. Address U. L B., care 
The Wheel. 

Practical draughtsman, with a wide and varied ex 
perience in bicycle works, wants position as superin- 
tendent ; thoroughly understands designing wheels 
and working fixtures, building of tools, handling of 
men and systemizing work. Address W Y., care The 
Wheel. 

Wanted— Position by young man, thoroughly ex- 
perienced in the bicycle industry, as superintendent 
of agencies and general correspondent. Address 
Superintendent, care The Wheel. 

Wanted— Situation as salesman, cycles or sundries; 
four years' road experience; thoroughly versed in 
cycle construction; cycle references. Address 
Energetic, care The Wheel. 

First-class man wants position as bicycle store or 
department manager, salesman or correspondent, or 
would go on the road; experienced since 1880; excep- 
tional references. Address H. F., care The Wheel. 

Wanted position by a first-class bicycle man; will 
furnish best of references. Address Class, care The 
Wheel. 



HELP WANTED. 



Wanted a pushing foreman familiar with high- 
grade bicycle work; stat- experience and salary ex- 
p cted. Address C. E., care of The Wheel. 

Wanted— A superintendent, by an established firm, 
manufacturing a well-known make of high grade 
bicyces. Must be thoroughly competent, experi- 
enced and reliable. Address, with full particulars 
and references, T. M , care The Wheel. 

Wanted— At once, a first-class repair man: a good 
position in New York citv for an At man. Addr ss, 
stating experience and reference, " Soma," P. O. 
Box 444. 

Wanted— A first-class repairer at once ; a good 
position for the rignt man ; references required 
F. H. Fernald, 89 Washington street, Haverhill, Mass 

Wanted— Five bicyc e assemblers at once; state ex 
perience and wages wanted. Canton Cycle Mfg. 
Co., Canton, O. 

Experienced brazers wanted on bicycle framework. 
Moore Cycle Fittings Company, Harrison, N. J. 

Wanted— Partner to assist in opening a bicycle 
store; must be good repairer; $350 required; good lo- 
cation. Address H, 237 E. 63d street, New York City. 



INDIVIDUAL CYCLE NAMEPLATE 

■With name beautifully engraved, 35e. 

Anyone can put them on. Agents Wanted. 

BROOKS ODOMETER CO., Lowell, Mass. 



BETTER THAN 16 TO I 



MAKE YOUR OWN 

FXJJVO^TTJR-IISre). 

SAVE MONEY. 

Guaranteed to Repair Punctures Insta tly. 

Beneficial to rubber. No repair outfit required. 
You ride over nails, tacks, spikes slivers, thorns, 
glass, etc , and PUNCTURINE repairs tire instantly, 
without rider dismounting. Never g is dry or hard 
when in tire or out. Always i f the same consistency. 

FORMULA, SO CENTS. 

Sample and Syringe Pump, 50 Cents Extra. 

Address CYCLE COMPOUND CO., 

Mention The Wheel. GLENS FALLS, N. Y., U. S. A. 



FOR SALE, EXCHANGE, WANTS. 

TWENTY-FIVE WORDS, 35 CENTS. 



FOR SALE— Bicycle Repair Shop, fullv equipped; 
business established. Address W. I. Beecroft, 
136 Harlow Street, Bangor, Me. 8-21 p 



WANTED. 

A PARTY EUILDING A HIGH GRADE BICYCLE 
_in Pennsylvania desires to increase its capital 
stock and at the same time interest a good live man 
who thoroughly understands the bicycle business, 
and could look after either the vr anufacturing or sell, 
ing departments. State age and experience, and give 
references, also amount you could invest. 

Address C. E., care of The Wheel. 



M-A-YEIR, FLA-TINO- DYNAMOS 

Are highly efficient, of the latest and most approved design and construction, will not reverse, heat or 
spark. At greatly reduced figures. 

NET PRICES. Users of Mayer Dynamos : 

No. Gallons of Nickel. Price. Syracuse Cycle Co. 

«.«. «.-,«.«.«. Domestic Mfg. Co. 

* 350 $70.00 Union Brass and Metal Mfg. Co. 

S. C Brooke. 

Steel Dash and Fender Co. 
Unique Metal and Novelty Co. 
A. V. Benoit. 




3 


700 


100.00 


4 


1,400 


160.00 


5 


2,800 


225.00 



Plating Supplies and Complete Outfits, 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



MAXWELL M. MATER, 337 107th St. 

Send for Catalogue. 



E. R., New York. 




SPECIAL BICYCLE PRESSES 




BY EVERY TEST THEY ARE THE BEST. 




All styles for Adults and Juveniles. Top grades have Self. Heal- 
ing Tires. 



Send for Artistic Catalogue.. 



THE OLYMPIC CYCLE MFG. CO., N. Y. Office, 35 Liberty St. 



Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



weston oo. 

Hich-Grade 
Road Hubs 

with improvements for 1897. 

New Oiler. 

(Patent Pending.) 

The only correct way to oil. It delivers oil directly in the ball pocket. No ugly cups on the outside. 
Self-closing and dirt-tight. Don't use poor, cheap hubs, that y.m know little or nothing about, when 
you can obtain fully up to date high-gnde bubs or wheels manufactured with a view to durability and 
other credible qualities. Our goods are the outcome of ten years' practical experience in this line. 

Please address us at SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

New York Office : No. 26 Cortlandt Street— F. Way land-Smith, Manager. 




1896. 



73 



DIAMOND CHAINS 



EXCEL ALL OTHERS. MR. BUYER, INVESTIGATE 
AND YOU WILL BE r~TT"TTTrrri iimiiii '"" 



INDIANAPOLIS CHAIN AND STAMPING CO., 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 



B. McMULLEN & CO., 

General U. S. Sales Agents, 

139 Lake St., Chicago, and 
309 Broadway, New York City. 



New York Depot.— John S. Leng's Son & Co., 4 Fletcher St., N. Y. 
New England Depot.— Elastic Tip Co., 370 Atlantic Ave., Boston. 
Pacific Coast Depot.— Western Rubber Co.. 14 Fremont St., San Francisco. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



BARREL PEDALS. 

OUR BARREL PEDALS are new and made especially to match the latest 
style barrel hubs, brackets and large tubing. High Grade in every 
respect. Made from the best material. Pedal pin ends l /i inch, 20 threads. 
Right and left hand threads. 

LIST PRICE 32.50 PER PAIR. 

LIBERAL, DISCOUNTS ON APPLICATION. 

Sole Agents— J. A. & P. E. Dutcher Co., Mitis Metal Castings. 
Western Agents— Reading Rubber Tire Co., Alligator Tread Tires. 

" Standard Tube Co., " Electric" Lock-Joint Tubing. 

" " Wesson-Nivison Co , Hubs. 

" " Beebe Mfg. Co., Wood Rims, Guards and Handle-Bars. 

THE INDEPENDENT ELECTRIC CO., Cycle Fittings and Material, CHICAGO, 103 LAKE STREET. 

Send for complete Catalogue of Fittings and Material. j. A. JOCHUM, Manager. 

Western Free Repair Depot for Alligator Tread Tires, WHIPPELL CYCLE COMPANY, 248 Jackson Boulevard, Chicago. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 




PLYMOUTH 



WOOD RIMS, PLAIN. 

WOOD RIMS, DRILLED. 

WOOD RIMS, SECONDS. 

WOOD RIMS. ROSEWOOD FINISH (NEW). 

WOOD GUARDS, PLAIN. 

WOOD GUARDS, EYELETTED. 

WOOD GUARDS, ROSEWOOD FINISH (NEW). 

WOOD BARS, REVERSIBLE. 

WOOD BARS, ADJUSTABLE. 

WOOD BARS, RAM'S HORN. 



NEW YORK AGENTS: 



1897 

PRICES 

READY 



JOHN S. LENG'S SON & CO., 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



4 Fletcher St., New York. 




(WORKS: BEAVER PALLS, PA.) 
Will be ready November 1st to ship 25,000 feet daily of their 

PATENT, COLD-DRAWN, 



Get our prices before placing your 
orders. 



SALE8 OFFICES: 

CHICAGO, 10 West Water Street. 



Eagle Brand Seamless Steel Tubing. NE * Y0RK > 35 Wa ™ street. 



The strongest, nicest finished and 

best Tubing made in the World. Mention The wheel. 



74 



August 21, 



MANSFIELD 
TUBING, 

COLD DRAWN 

AND OF . . . 

SWEDISH STEEL, 

IS THE 

BEST IN THE WORLD 



Manufactured by 



MANSFIELD MACHINE WORKS 

Mansfield, Ohio, U. S. A. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Stop Your 
Hub Machines. 

McLish 
Patented H ut> Forms 



Require no turning. Made from one piece 
of steel tube, with spoke flanges upset. 

We furnish complete hubs also at prices 
■Which will surprise you. 

McLish & Co. 

P. C. AVERY, 

General Selling Agent, 

609 MANHATTAN BUILDING, 
CHICAGO. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Kelly Adjustable Handle-Bar. 

Kelly Bars fit any bicycle, are furnished in either plain or ram's horn 
shape, are as firm as a solid bar when locked in any of its twenty-five 
different positions. Can be adjusted while rid ng. No change in pitch of 
•' Grips." Any width, height or position secured. Grips move forward in the 
low drop position. Removing the locking screw and reversing the handles 
gives a Ladies' or an extremely high or low upturned bar. 

Ask your dealer for the Kelly Bar. If he will not furnish it, send us Ex- 
press or P. O. Order for Five Dollars and we will express bar at once. 




GUARANTEE— Any bar manufactured by the Kelly Handle-Bar Co. 
proving defective, will be replaced at once, if expressed (prepaid) to the man- 
ufacturers. , 

Be particular to give size of Stem. 
Machined Drop Forgings Furnished Manufacturers 

HWERY 5* CO., 

General U. S. Agents for 24 Superior St., Viaduct, 

THE KELLY HANDLE-BAB CO. CUEVEL.AND, O. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



The Standard of Excellence. 






EllWOOD 
WELDLESS 
TUBING 

FOR.... 

High-Class Cjcle Consteuctian. 

IN STOCK FOR IMMEDIATE SHIPMENT. 

Ellwood Weldless Tube Co., 

ELLWOOD CITY, PA. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



1896 



75 



|llllllllllililllJil!lllilllillllllllllllllllllllllllllM 

Before Placing Contracts for 1897 | 

^ Write for Samples and Prices of = 

I ^ THNDHRD r, HHINS | 




I OUR NO. 120 IS A BEAUTY. j 

M Hardened Blocks and Rivets, Tool-Steel Side Plates, Straw-Colored Centres ( 



Combine to make the finest chain on the market. 
We are in position to furnish deliveries now. 



CHANTRELL TOOL CO., - Reading, Pa. j 

JNO. H. GRAHAM & CO., Selling Agents, 113 Chambers St., New York. g 

llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllJ 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



TURN THE X RAYS 



ON THE 



HUNTER 



They reveal only the Finest of Bearings. 

A frame fully re-enforced 

A bicycle perfect in every detail 

Send for New Catalogue. 

Ride a HUNTER-Shoot a SMITH. 

HUNTER ARMS CO., 

FULTON, N. Y. 

Kindly mention the Wheel. 



We carry in stock, of our own 
manufacture, sterling and advance, 
Emery and Corundum Wheels of 
all grades, polishing supplies, 
Grinding and Polishing Machinery. 




Sterling Emery Wheel Mfg. Co., 

59 SO. CANAL ST., CHICAGO. 

Factory at Tiffin, O. Mention The Wheel. 



7 6 



August 21, 



Some seek for pearls, and some do bubbles choose; 
Some seek to worry folks, others to amuse. 
Some live to help themselves.somtf their friends abuse; 
Others seek in ever" act kindness to infuse. 

Best through all walks of life good to extend, 
Ever be in readiness to assist a friend; 
Spread through life's weary way joy every day- 
Kindness bestow to all— it will surely pay. 

If in your daily toil you need a friend 
To cure dyspepsia's curse, five cents expend. 
Into some drug store go buy of tbe cletk 
White's famous Yucatan, it will do the work. 




MAKES THE FINEST LAPEL BUTTONS IN THE MARKET 



YOU CAN HAVE YOUR 

ELECTROTYPES 

MADE AT 

RAISBECK ELECTROTYPE CO. 

24-26 VANDEWATER STREET, NEW YORK. 

Telephone Call— Cortlandt 2«. 



WOOD RIMS. 

of the highest quality, made from seasoned elm and 
ash, by experienced wood workers. Warranted to 
give complete satisfaction. For terms write to 

THE KEYSTONE WOOD RIM CO., 

HAMBURG, PA. 



Enamelers of Bicycles 

FOR THE TRADE ONLY. 

Send for Price List. 

OLYMPIA JAPANNING WORKS, 

390 Canal St., near W. Broadway. NEW YORK. 



All American Wheelmen who desire to keep them- 
selves posted upon matters concerning the Cycle 
Trade and Sport of Europe, should subscribe to 

THE CYCLIST 

and Bicycling and Tricycling Trades Review. 

The only recognized authority of English trade and 
manufacture. 84 pages weekly. Sent post free to 
any part of America for one year, $2.50. American 
subscription agent, P. P. Prial, 72 Warren Street, 
New York City. 

American manufacturers having new ideas to in- 
roduce in machines or sundries should advertise in 

THE CYCLIST. 

Terms on application to ILIPFE & STURMEY, 
19 Hertford Street, Coventry, England. 

Members of the American trade visiting Eng- 
land are invited to call at THE CYCLIST Office 
at Coventry. 



Bicycle Manufacturers! 

U8E 

JESSOP'S 
ANNEALED 

TOOL 
for STEEL 

ALL BEARINGS. 

IT 18 THE BIST. 



WILLIAM JES30P & SONS, Limited, 



91 JOHN STREET. NEW YORK. 



THE LODGE & SHIPLEY MACHINE TOOL CO., Cincinnati, ohio, u .s. a. 




ij^-inchhole in spindle ; swings, 14 inches; 5-foot bed; plain, compound or raise and fall rest. The 
entire index for feeding and screw cutting is obtained instantly without removing a single gear. Lathes 
from 14-inch to 4a-inch swing. Screw machines, turret lathes. Kindly mention The Wheel 




NOTICE! CAUTION!! 



No. 3. 
Removable 
Club Bracket. 



TO JOBBERS AND 
WHEEL COMPANIES: 



Any wheel stand with a loop or side supports, rising approxi- 
mately perpendicular from a base provided with a stop on 
e ther or both sides of the centre of the wheel, not purchased 
from or manufactured under our license, is an infringement 
upon our stands. Also, any rigid stand having upright s!de 
rods or braces extending beyond the centre of the wheel, the 
base of the stand being provided with lateral extending feet, 
by which the stand is self-supporting upon the floor; A word 
to the wise is sufficient. 

PRICE UST. 

No. 1 Enameled Per dozen $800 

No. 1 Nickel and Enamel " 900 

No. j All Nickel " 10 »o 

SELF-SUPPORTING. 

No. 2 Enameled Per dozen $900 

No. 2 Nickel and Enamel " 1200 

No. 2 All Nickel " .800 

PARLOR STAND. 

N0.5 Nickel List, each $r, 

No. s Antique Bronze " 4 

No. 5 Antique Brass " 5 

Finished in Enamel, Nickel, Bronze and Brass 
or combination of the same. 

Jobbing discounts to wheel -companies and 
supply agents. 

We have also the most effective and con- 
venient Wall Brackets. 

Send for illustration. 




No. 2. 
Self Supporting. 



E. R. ESMOND, - - - 227 W. 29th St., New York. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. ARTISTIC WHEEL STANDS. 



AMES SWORD COMPANY, 

CHICOPEE, MASS., 



MANUFACTURERS OF- 



BRAZED FORKSIDES, 




BRAZED HANDLE-BARS. 

Used by the best Bicycle makers and give the greatest satisfaction. Unlimited testimonials 



1896. 



77 




FOR YOUR 

1897 

WHEELS. 

INDIAN ORCHARD SCREW CO., 

INDIAN ORCHARD, MASS. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 

BRAZING STAND 



Bicycle Manufacturers, Repair 
Shops, and Tool-Room Purposes. 

ALSO MANUFACTURERS OF 

BRAZING BLOW-PIPES. 



BUFFALO DENTAL MANUFACTURING CO., 

BUFFALO, N. Y. 
Kindly mention The Wheel. 




EVERYTHING FOR A WHEEL 

CRITERION HUBS and 



EXCELSIOR SEAT POST. 



ALSO. 



Wheels complete, 
Bottom Brackets, 
Forksides, 

Handle-Bars, 



Hubs, 

Forgings, 

Chains, 

Tubing, 



. SOMETHING NEW. 

Lugs, Rims, 

Pedals, Tires, 

Spokes, Nipples, 
Sundries. 



We carry a complete line, and are prepared to meet competition 
on prices. 

INTERNATIONAL CYCLE FITTINGS CO. 

70 and 72 READE ST., NEW YORK CITY. 

Kindly mention The Wheel 

THE H. LAUTER WOODEN HANDLE-BARS 

are the only neat and desirable bars on the market. Made in 
medium drop, straight and ram's horn shapes ; are adjustable 

and reversible. Do 
not fail to send me a 
sample order if you 
are looking for the 
best. 

Sent complete to 
any address, charges 
prepaid, on receipt of 
$2.50. Ram's Horn 
shape, $3.00. Will be 
pleased to quote prices to the trade. Prompt shipments guaranteed. 

Also manufacturer of laminated, solid and canvas 
covered rims and mud and chain guards. 




H. LAUTER, 



Indianapolis, Ind. 



TUERK WATER MOTOR. 

X to 10 norse power. 

The best power for your 
machine shop. 

Our Small Motor for 
your bicycle window dis 
play. 

Send for circular. 

TUERK HYDRAULIC POWER CO. 




39 Dearborn St. 
Chicago, III. 



23 Vandewater St., 
New York. 



Bicycle Pumps. 




15 Different Styles. 



HAND PUMPS 
FOOT PUMPS 



FLOOR PUMPS 



POWER PUMPS 



CYCLONES" 

ARE BEST. 

Insist upon having them. 



PUMP CONNECTIONS 

of all kinds, perfect fit guar- 
anteed. Liberal discount to 
dealers. 



The Davis & Slovens Mfg. Co., Seneca Falls, N. V. 

Blndly mention The Wheel. 



TO BICYCLEr^^gMANUFACTURERS! 






Fine Jet or Fancy Colors 

HIGH GRADE BICYCLE ENAMELS 

Superior in Quality to the Finest English or American Enamels, and Guaranteed. 

PRACTICAL advice, lay out of Bicycle Enameling Plants, and all needed 
information upon latest and best methods, furnished to customers adopt- 
ing our Enamels. Enamels and Enameling have been our sole 
business, study and practice for thirty years, and we know it in every part 
and our Special Bicycle Enamels sell upon their real merits, and stand un- 
equaled to-day. We refer to all bicycl e manufacturers, and solicit your corre- 
spondence and orders. ■^""^"^— ~— ^^~™""^~-" 

DIPPING OR BRUSHING ENAMELS. 

American Enamel Company, 



S. A. 



PROVIDENCE, R. I., U 

(Incorporated 1866.) 
Augustus S. Miller, Prest. Chas. A. Gamwell, Treas. and Sec'y. 

t^-Enamel Experts, Practical Enamelers, and Manufacturers 



Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



of Superior Enamels.**^! 




78 



August 21, 



KENZOLDSfE. 

BICYCLE OIL. 

Cleaner, Oiler and Lamp Oil Combined. 

Will remove all dirt and grit from bearings and oil 
them at the same time. Try it and be convinced. Ask 
your dealer for it. 

KENZOLINE OIL CO., 

621 Rialto Building, Chicago, 111. 



Wood Rims. 



We manufacture the highest grade single- 
piece rims. Choicest stock; fine finish; 
fair prices. 

Deliveries Guaranteed. 

Ready for '97 contracts now. A sample 
order appreciated." 

Michigan Wood Rim Co., 



LOWELL, MICH. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



TO CYCLE MANUFACTURERS: 



H Why use inferior crating when you can get || 

H good crates for less money, made any shape, of = 

1 all live timber, no culls. = 

[| Send specifications for sample and prices of j| 

M our special crate. ^ 

SAGINAW BASKET CO., Saginaw, W. S. Mich. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 

REINFORCED CORK GRIPS. 

SOMETHING NEW. 

Light, Strong and Durable. No Breaking Off at the Ends. 




Patent Applied For 

See that your handle-bars are fitted with these " up-to-date" grips. 

We also manufacture WOOD Grips and VARIETY Wood 

Turnings. Prices on Application. 

The L M. JONES CO^West Winsted, Conn. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Case-Hardening Bone. 

Especially prepared from Pure Raw Bone, containing at 
least twenty-five per cent, more value for the use, and pro- 
ducing a superior color to the steel to any other stock on 
the market. In proof of this statement, read the testimonial 
letter below, influenced as it is by one year's use of our 
goods. 

"Bay City, Mich., June 6, 1896. 
" Fitch Fertilizer Works, Bay City, Mich. : 

" Gentlemen— Replying to your inquiry of recent date, are pleased to say 
"that the bone-dust we have been purchasing of you and using for case- 
" hardening purposes, is giving perfect satisfaction. We fpprec ate the 
"superiority of your bone-dust on account of its Lot having been through 
"the refining process, which, we believe, deteriorates the value of the dust 
" at least 25 per cent, for tempering purposes. Yours truly, 

"NATIONAL CYCLE MFG. CO., 

" Henry B. Smith, Pres't." 
For further particulars address 



FITCH FERTILIZER WORKS, 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Bay City, Mich. 



ORIENT won Mile Handicap, in 2:07 2-5, Z 
at Buffalo, Aug. 8th. t 

ORIENT won Buffalo "Courier" Coast- Z 
ing Challenge Cup, July 18th. j 

ORIENT won Cottage City Coasting • 
Contest, July 25th. 

Light Running and Speedy — 

They Lead the Leaders. 



WALTHAM MFG. CO., 240 Broadway, N. Y. 

Main Office and Factory: WALTHAM, MASS. 
Branches in all principal cities. 




Mention The Wheel. 



Three Views but only One Opinion 

.... OF» .... 

"THE BEST" SADDLE 




BETTER THAN ALL OTHERS. 

PRICB, $4.00. 

Send ioc. in stamps for Catalogue and Handsome Souvenir. 



every respect what its 

RGBNTS JaiKNTED 



DICKSON & BEANING, Manufacturers, 

INDIHNHPOLIS, IND, 




We Make a Specialty 



of supplying bicycle plants with 
their entire outfit of grinding and 
polishing machinery, wood wheels, 

etc. We can make delivery promptly on our entire line. 

Write to us before placing your orders. 



DIAMOND MACHINE COMPANY, 

Providence, R. I., and Chicago, III. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



1896. 



f 19 




Lexington Hotel, 

CHICAGO, ILL. 

Michigan Boulevard & 22d St 



Headquarters 
for Wheelmen. 

Rates on American Plan 
from $3ooperd*y. 

Ladies' and Gentlemen's Cale. 

Rooms of the European 
Plan also. 

One of the most perfect 
Hotels in the world. 

E. A. BACHELDOR, 
Prop. 



Kindly Mention The Wheel. 




MENDS 
THE TIRE 
INSTANTLY. 

No Lead. No Oil. 

No Grit. 

No Sediment. 

The original and 
only perfect solu- 
tion ; guaranteed 
not to affect the 
rubber. 



THE PERFECT TIRB MENDER 

PRICE, $2.00 PER PACKAGE. 

TIREINE MFG. COMPANY, Cleveland, Ohio. 



Liberal Discount to Dealers. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 




Two-Ply 
Three-Ply 
-"Solid . . . 

Rims 

New Manufacturers 
and A New Process. 



Glad to quote prices 

The State of Maine Wood Rim Company, 
West Paris, Maine. 

FONDA'S UNIVERSAL BICYCLE STAND 

Will hold any wheel without pre- 
vious adjustment. Uprights are 
opened by pressure of foot on the 
step, and closed by spring under base. 
Always ready for use. Does not 
scratch the enamel. Raises the rear 
wheel from the floor. Best stand for 
the store and house. Best to clean 
and repair wheels in. Pleases the 
riders. It is the coming stand. 

Liberal discounts to the trade. 

Send for circular. 

Manufactured by 

H. K. PORTER, 

66 Beverly St., Boston, Mass. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 




.. 



IMPORTANT. 




Folded. 

Trade, $2.50 per doz. 



our claims: 



LIGHTEST, STRONGEST, 
CHEAPEST AND 
MOST CONVENIENT. 



We beg to announce to the 
trade that we are now making 
our PORTABLE STANDS 

in lots of 50,000, and thereby 
have decreased the cost 
in manufacturing so that 
we can quote very low 
figures to all. 

At the present prices 
stands will be sold to 
over fifty per cent, of 
the riding public. 

Cash with Order. 

Live dealers will order 
at once. 



THE LEFEBRE MFG. CO., 69 Beekman St., New York. 




20,000 



FOBGINGS 
OIL CUPS - 




i 1 t I f 

BOWEN MFG. CO., Auburn. N. Y. 



Mention The Wheel. 



The Ideal 

Speed Indicator. 

This Indicator, when in position, is attached to the right 
side, at the top of front fotk,is readily adjusted to any 
sized wheel or style of frame. 

Something new In construction, 
guaranteed to be accurate and 
durable, and will sell at sight. 

RETAIL PRICE, Sl.SO. 

Win give SOLEAGENCV for unoccupied territory to responsible parties. 
Write for Price List and Terms to Agents. 

HARSIN & SWANSON, 

MANUFACTURERS, 

607 and 608 Garden City Block, Chicago. 

Bent Wood for Bicycles. 





SECTION VIEW. FULL SIZE 

PATENTED RIM. 

Rims, Handle-Bars, Saddle Cantles 

THE DANN BROS. & CO., 

Mention The Wheel. NEW HAVEN, CONN. 



8o 



August 21, 



Mi 

si 

111 

NpiiPiMiiiWij ii lulu 





111 

-iniiiiiiiiii 

he: 




THESE TUBES ARE MADE FROM 

BEST DUALITY lF SWEDISH STEEL 

" AND ARE COLD DRAWN. - 



^"N 



NEWCASTLE, PA. 



THE GARVIN MACHINE CO. 

Spring and Varlck Streets, NEW YORK, 
Also 31 North 7th Street, PHILA., Pa. 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

MACHINE TOOLS AND MACHINERY, 



FOR 

MAKING 



BICYCLE MACHINERY 




btepS, No. 3 Screw Machine , with geared-friction 

-d -ii head and power feea to turret, *Vi hole 

J3a ' li through head spindle. 

CaSeS The mach,ne for making component parts. 

Pedal Spindles, Spoke Nipples, Nuts, Screws, Etc. 

We are prepared to equip complete up-to-date plants for the 
manufacture of wheels. « 

Write for catalogue " C" of bicycle machinery. 
Kindly mention The Wheel. 




K PULL LINI 



Grinding and Polishing Machinery 



MKDE BY 

BUILDERS IRON FOUNDRY, Providence, R. I. 

FOB SALE BY 

Patterson, Gottfried & Hunter, Limited, . . . New York, N. Y. 

The Hanson & Van Winkle Co., . Newark, N. J., and Chicago, 111. 

Syracuse Supply Co., Limited, .... Syracuse, N. Y. 

B. Hoffeld & Co Buffalo, N. Y. 

Chandler & Farquhar, . . . . . . Boston, Mass. 

Bosworth Tool and Supply Co., .... Cleveland, O. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



^ J ^" RmihunOmiib 




ZUCKERHEVETTHOEBCO. 

(f/bJ* nL^cATAMUEor' ^26^28-330 WEST 2J'"5T. 



1896. 



8i 




Barnes 
Drills. 

SINGLE 

MULTIPLE 

GANG DRILLS. 



Send for Catalogue. 



W. F. & JNO. BARNES CO., 

254 Ruby Street, Rockford, 111. 



Barnes 
Lathes 

FOR BICYCLE 
REPAIR SHOP. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 




Griswold's Single-Tube Tire Repair Tool. 

TTTT 




PRICE, $1.00. 

MOST COMPLETE REPAIR OUT- 
FIT YOU EVER SAW. 





Griswold's Combination Trouser Guard, 4 Spoke Grips, Chain Bolt 
Wrench and Screwdriver— seven-in-one combination. 



GRISWOLD'S FOLDING RUBBER MUD GUARD. 

Light, compact and fits any bicycle. Adjusts itself. NO BUCKLES. 



WOOD Rim AND RUBBER CEMENT of Finest 
Quality. 



Write for Prices and Discounts. 

1. E. GRISWOLD CO., - - 595 West Madison St., Chicago. 

When writing; kindly mention The Wheel. 



Immediate Deliveries 



in any quantities 
or shapes of 



A DJUSTABLE 
W OQD 



H ANDLE-BAR S 

Fitted with THAT FERRULE, 
so that they CANNOT SPLIT. 

'T'HE ferrule is made of seamless steel bicycle tubing, i# inches 
*• long, fitted over the wood bar at point where the handle-bar 
tee fastens. It therefore protects the wood from being worn by 
adjusting the bar. As it is compressed on the bar, it compresses 
and holds together the fibres of the wood so they cannot separate ; 
consequently wood bar cannot split. 

The Ferrule cannot -work or wear loose, as it is 
also fastened by three rivets. 

Our Wood Bars are made in Oak, Hickory or Elm 

YOUR CHOICE. 



♦•- 



-•♦ 




See 
That Ferrule ! 



PATENT APPLIED FOR. 

PRICE, $2.50. 

All Handle-bars 
fully guaranteed. 
♦• •• 

It's a Puzzle. 

■ »+ 

Have you tried it ? 

The Rastetter '97 Wood Rim 
Joint holds without glue. Glue or 
cement is superfluous. It is hard to 
find, but harder to open. Get a sample 
and try it. 




PATENT APPLIED FOR. 



Wood 
Rims. 



Wood Mud and Chain Guards, 

White Maple, Quartered Oak, Rock Elm, finished 
natural wood or stained representing mahogany, 
walnut, etc., or any stain ; also enameled any 
color or to match frame of bicycle if necessary. 
Plain or eyeletted. Any length or width. All 
finished in that famous Piano Polish. 



Made fcy 

LOUIS RASTETTER & SON, 



FORT WAYNE, IND. 



Mention The Wheel. 



82 



August 21, 



XH£ HOLLENBECK 

UP-TO-DATE 

SADDLE for 1896. 




Now made with double steel frame, soft or hard pads, springs 
under pads. Made with very easy springs if desired. 



MADE BY 



F. A. HOLLENBECK & CO., 



SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



'97 WINNERS. 




The Graton & Knight Mfg. Co., 

WORCESTER, MASS. 

Our Saddles are scientifically constructed and combine 
all the principles of Perfect Riding. Adjustable for- 
ward or backward. No pressure on sensitive parts. 

Write for Booklet describing other good points. 

Manufacturers will do well to inspect the merits 
of our Saddles. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Light, Strong, Durable. 



STAR PEDALS 

meet the requirements of bicycle riders more fully 
than any other pedals made. They are powerfully 
constructed of the best material, and the blades set 
in close to the crank hanger, which admits of a nar- 
row tread. Made in rat-trap and combination for 
men's and women's wheels. 

'97 Models Star Pedals Will Lead All Others. 

Manufacturers should write for prices 
and samples now 

The Bridgeport Gun Implement Co., 

313 & 315 BROADWAY, NEW YORK 

Kind'y mention The Wheel. 



SHE BEITZ 



AllTOmqTIC.... 
BICrCLE LOCK. 



Always ready; only a small flat key to carry; weighs 
four ounces, and makes an attractive fixture to the wheel. 



r 
o 
o 

(fi 

> O 

> r 
C ° 




MAILED TO ANY ADDRESS ON RECEIPT OF ONE DOLLAR. 



The Deitz Cycle Lock Company, 

AQUEDUCT BUILDING, 
ROCHESTER, N. Y. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Price List to Dealers. 



1896. 



8j 




m 

» a 24^ in. 



Send for Catalogue 

and Prices 



The [ay Mro. Co. 



Elyria, 0. 



THE ROCHESTER 

COMBINATION CLEANING RACK AND HOLDER. 




As a Cleaning or Repairing Rack. As a Rest or Holder. 

Indispensable to every up-to-date lover of the Bicycle who desires 
the best facilities for keeping his wheel in the best condition. 

Price, $1.50. 



AUTOMATIC PARCEL CARRIER, 




Weighing only FOUR ounces, with a 
carrying capacity of 

OVER TEH FOVNDI. 

Automatic, 

Ornamental, 

Handsomely Nickeled. 
INDISPENSABLE 
TO EVERT CYCLIST. 

For sale by all dealers. Carrier sent 

prepaid on receipt of 

price. 



ROCHESTER BICYCLE COMBINATION HOLDER CO., 



ROCHESTER, N. Y. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



"ATWOOD LIGHT," 

with swinging bracket, grips onto head (no 
other lamp bracket required). 




(Patents applied for.) 

Entirely new system of ventilation, light guar- 
anteed not to jar out or go out over any road or 
pavement, always right side up, the only up-to- 
date, strictly first-class Cycle Lantern on the 
market. Price, $4.50. 

J- CARD. * 
So great has been the demand for this Lantern 
we have been unable to keep up with our orders, 
and have recently doubled our force to meet 
this immense call. 

Atwood Mig. Co. t Amesbury, Mass, 

Wholesale Agents for New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania 
and New K ngland, 

World Mfg. Co., 80 & 82 Readc St., New York, N. Y. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



"CURFEW CYCLE BELLS." 



Single, Double and Electric Stroke. 




THE 



" PERFECT " 
PNEUMATIC 
FOOT PUMP. 

Manufactured by 

The CHAPMAN MFG. CO., 

MERIDEN, CONN., U. S. A. 



Booklet Free on A r-p'i—iti-n m~ 

Kindly Mention The Wheel. 



84 



August 21, 



- 6v&RyJoiHr- ~ 

IN IT IS A PERFECT 

Holleh Bearing t 

w^hDOE^NOTWEAR^ 



Roller joint mmy 



%z PITCH is not- 
only made TRUE but 

STAYS TRI/E. 



MORSE MFG. CO 

' TRUMANSBURG. N.Y. 




The Pathlight. 



Burns Kerosene. 



Every Lamp Guaranteed. 



We are here to stay. You can find us 
if it is not what we CLAIM IT TO BE. 



Write for prices— 



THE PLACE & TERRY MFG. CO., 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 247 Centre St., NeW York. 

THE NEW 

BICYCLE WRENCH 

Adjusts itself to any nut. Greatest strength at 
point of heaviest strain. Positively no lost motion, 
therefore no wear on the nut. No screws to become 
loose. No slippage. Place the wrench against the 
nut, the hand does the rest. Send 25c. for sample. 
Lightest. Quickest Adjusted and Strongest Wrench on the Market 
WRITE FOR TRADE PRICES. 




INDIANAPOLIS WRENCH AND STAMPING CO. 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 



THE STANDARD PAVEMENT OF AMERICA. 

THE BARBER ASPHALT PAVING CO., No. 1 Broadway, New York. 



ENDORSED BY THE L. A. W. EVERYWHERE. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



THE AUTOMATIC BICYCLE BALANCE. 

Easy to Ride with " Hands Off." The Greatest Invention Yet. 

WILL BALANCE THE WHEEL TO PERFECTION. 

Prevents accidents, as it keeps the wheel straight ahead; greatly increases the pleasure of riding, especially on rough roads. Corners 
and circles can be turned with steadiness and safety. Gives one confidence in their wheel. The rider does the pumping, the balance 
does the rest. Wei jhs Only Two Ounces. Entirely Nickel Plated. Adjustable to any Bicycle. 

PR I ftp <M ftfl Single Balance Mailed on Receipt of Price or C. O. D., with Privilege of Examination. 

rniVsC, q>l. UU. Write for Circulars and Trade Prices. 

Manufactured by BICYCLE CHAIN LIGHTNING CO. 




Office, Spalding Building, 29, 31 and 33 W. 42d St. 



P. O. Box 1568, New York City, U. S. A. 



if you use i i VV A X E N S H I N E " your wheel alwa y § 



looks like 



FOR, ENAMEL, 



a new one. 



Not a cleaner, but a FINISHER and POLISHER. Trial size, 10 cents. It will astonish you. Pull size, 25 cents. If your dealer hasn't got it, send price to 
J. R. PITTS & CO., I3« Mechanic Street, Newark, P*. J., 
and get it by return mail. " It's a wonder." Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



sT€£R.i^i:xG- Bea^us 




Rotary Movement. 



Single, Double and Electric Stroke. 

One best-THE STERLING. 

N. N. HILL BRASS CO., East Hampton, Conn, 



1896. 



85 



Examine 



* 



That Cut or the.... 



44 



FiG. II. 



PHILLIPS" 




POWER MECHANISM. 



a 



OUR CLAIM: 

AN1D POWER." 



We are also the makers of the " KIMBALL," which is 
beautiful in design and high grade in construction. . . . 



THE PHILLIPS MANUFACTURING CO., 

307 & 309 West Broadway, New York City, 

Shall our salesman call on you ? Kindly mention The Wheel . 



pr Howard Chainless Bicycle. 



m 



The first 1 

allowed an agent's discount a 

cy.wherebjhe 



j will bo 
red a a agen- 
5 will pay for 



PATENTS 



Procured in the United 
States and Fo r ei % n 
Countries. Trade 
marks, designs, labels 
and copyrights. Send 

description, with model, photograph, or sketch, and I 

will let you know whether you can obtain a patent 

All information free. 

W. B. AUGHINBAUGH, 

McGill Bld'g, 908—44 "G" St., N. W. Wash'gton, D. C. 



AGENTS PROTECTED 

against loss on wheels sold on the installment 
plan by using the Perfect Bicycle Lease, 

accurately drawn up to legal requirement. 
Copyrighted and for sale by 

F. H. CAMPBELL, 72 Warren St., New York. 




The "STAR BICYCLE 
ENAMEL" is air-drying, 
and produces a finish 
equal to Baked Enamel. 
As it dries dust free in 
very short time, it en- 
ables the rider to thor- 
oughly and easily reno- 
vate his wheel without 
inconvenience or delay. 
Can be had in all the 
shades in which bicycles 
are decorated. Send for 
color card and prices. 

The "CYCLE RIM PRE- 
SERVER" renovates and 
preserves the rims of 
bicycles by spreading a 
film over the rim, thus 
preventing water from 
entering the pores and 
keeping the nuts of the 
spokes from rusting out, 
and the rim from crack- 
ing. No wheelman can 
afford to be without it, 
as it prevents costly re- 
pairs. 

"STAR BAKING EN- 
AMELS" in black and 
colors ; combining great- 
est elasticity with most 
intense lustre. Send for 
sample tins and prices. 



Gerstendorfer Brothers, 
17 Barclay Street, 67 Lake Street, 



CYCLE SUNDRIES AND FITTINGS. 

SEASON 1896. 

New Departure Bells, Cyclometers, 

Snell's Lamps, Hard Centre Chains, Toe Clips, 

Wrenches, Lamp Brackets, Oilers, 

Corkaline Handles, Trouser Guards, 

"Toledo Brand" Cements, Wood Handle Bars, Enamels, 

B. & "W. Saddles, Wood Dress Guards, Etc. 

Also a Full Line of High-Grade Frames, Hubs, Pedals, Bottom Brackets, Ball 
Heads, Etc., Etc. 

TOLEDO CYCLE SUPPLY CO. 

TOLEDO, OHIO, U. S. A. 

We are selling agents for Ohio, Kentucky and Tennesee for Morgan & Wright. We ship theli 
goods from Toledo at the same prices charged In Chicago. 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



WE WANT EUROPEAN AGENCIES 

FOR 

THE HTlERlQflN 
TRAVELER. 




Made by a manufacturer 
of 33 years' standing. . . . 



ACME OF PERFECTION. 



Unexcelled for Speed, 

Beauty, Lightness, 

Durability and 

STRENGTH. 



Send for Catalogue and Discounts, 



AMERICAN SEWING MACHINE CO., 

20th St. & Washington Ave., Philadelphia, Pa., U. S. A. 
Kindly mention The Wheel. 




86 



August 21, 



PTIR^T IINP AMERICA. 

THE FACT THAT 



SHELBY -*8r TUBING 



IS USED ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY BY 



AMERICAN BICYCLE MANUFACTURERS 

Is Sufficient Guarantee of its Superiority. 

Largest and Best THE SHELBY STEEL TUBE CO., 

in the World." Mention The Wheel. SHELBY, O. 

Bl-GEARS ON COLUMBIAS IN MISSOURI. 




"The BI-GEAR Does the Work. 



The Akhttrst-Ebekly Arms Co., of St. Joseph, Mo., one of the largest 
bicycle agencies in the West, writes us as follows : 

" We have placed a number of your BI-GEARS on different makes of 
wheels (principally Columbias) in our city and vicinity, and they have given 
perfect satisfaction in every instance. In fact, the riders who have used them 
all say that they would not be without them, especially in our city, as it is quite 
hilly. We think they are just the thing for hilly roads. 
"Yours very truly, 
" AKHURST-EBERLY ARMS CO., R. H. Akhurst, Pres." 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



BROWN-LIPE GEAR CO., Syracuse, N. Y. 



Have you seen our 

"LAMINATED" STEEL TUBE? 



Newest, Strongest, Best. 




THE SCIENTIFIC PRINCIPLE 

on which this tube is constructed is pronounced by everybody to be the only correct one to prevent crystalization of the steel, which is 
so common— and causes so many accidents — with all tubing of the present day. This is a Double Wall, Compound Lock-Joint Tube, 
smooth inside and out, and made of one piece of open hearth, cold-rolled, pickled steel. 

Perfect to any Gauge and Length to meet your wishes. Patented July 14th,' 1§96. 



Do not consider your contracts on any other tubing for your 
present and future output until you have inspected this 



SAMPLES AND ALL FURTHER INFORMATION 
ARE YOURS FOR THE ASKING. 



Mention The Wheel 



CINCINNATI STEEL TUBE CO., 42 Pike Building, Cincinnati, 0. 



TEACH YOUR 
CUSTOMER^., 
TO RIDE 



. . ON THE 



STURGIS 

HOME 

TRAINER 



The most startling thing of its kind ever invented. 
You simply put your own wheel on, mount, and ride 
straight ahead, just as you would on path or track. 
No fastening or support of any kind. Very little noise. 
Rol'ers are connected, and power is transmitted by 
chain; steel bearings; rollers are adjustable to resist- 
ance. 

S. A. STUR6IS, 

ST. JOHNS, MICtiL 

Write for particulars. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 




What Chief Consul Steel 

Has to say of the 

STURGIS HOME TRAINER. 



St. Johns, Mich., May i S th, 1896. 
Mr. S. A. Sturgis, 

St. Johns, Mich. 
DEAR SIR: The Sturgis Home Trainer, which 1 
have had the pleasure of using, is the best article oi 
the kind I have met with in my fifteen years of 
cycling experience It entirely obviates the erroneous 
idea of having the bicycle held in position by a stand- 
ard, and is the only Trainer which gives the rider the 
movements of actual riding, he having to balance the 
wheel in the same manner as if riding on the road. 
This feature also commends the machine as a teacher 
of bicycle riding, requiring as it does the same ma- 
nipulations necessary in actual road work. I cannot 
speak too highly of your Home Trainer, and its merits 
should cause it to have a very large sale. Its distinct- 
ive features should be seen to be appreciated , and 
render it without quest'on the best Home Trainer on 
the market. Wishing you the fullest measure of suc- 
cess, lam Very truly yours, 

ROBT. G. STEEL, Chief Consul, 



1896. 



87 




THE STANLEY, 

Like the great explorer, leads the way. High grade in every detail . 
Bearings made of Jessop tool steel, fitted with improved crank box 
and many other points which will interest you. We also sell the 
Standard Bicycle Lock and Support, and the B. & H. 
Trouser Guard. On The Stanley we control New 
England; on the other lines the whole country. 



G. H. Blake & Co., 

269 Franklin Street, <M Boston, Mass. 



Kindly meDtion Tbe Wheel. 




BJK^TXL^IDY BICYCLE HOLDER 



SELLS ON SIGHT, 

Big Money Maker ,*.* 
«**Live Agents Wanted. 

Write for Prices 
and Circular***** 



:..:-. 




<T 




JUST THE THING 
FOR 

Business Houses, 
Club Houses, 
Hotel Keepers, 
Restaurants, Etc. 



HOW TO SET UP HOLDERS: Place Holders on rack, 14 inches apart; bottom of Holders 34 inches from floor and 12 inches from wall. 

Manufactured by BRADLEY & HECHINGER, 167-169 Randolph St., Chicago, 111. 




1596 FAVORITE LAW. 

THE FINEST BICYCLE LAMP KNOWN TO THE TRADE. 

Patented October 8th. 

Weight. 8 oz. Made of Brass, Nickel Plated. All Parts Riveted. 



WILL NOT JAR OUT. 



PRICE, $3.00 



FOR SALE BY ALL DEALERS. 

Used and Adopted by the Mounted Police and Park Guards of Philadelphia. 

Manufactured and for sale by 

SHARPLESS & WATTS, 

1522 Chestnut St., 1520 and 1522 Sansim St., PHILADELPHIA, PI. 

Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware Agents : 

SPACLDING MACHINE SCREW CO. 

Kindly mention The WheeL 




PERRYS AMERICAN. 
PATENT HARDENED 



PUSHES. 



ANGLO-AMERICAN 
CYCLE FITTINGS CO- 
NE W YORK. 



H^HIS pattern of OPEN SIDE-PLATE was first 
introduced by Perry & Co., Limited, as being 
an improvement over the old pattern. There are 
imitations of the Side-Plate on cheap and inferior 
chains, but Side-Plates do not make chains. The 
celebrated Perry Chains have the name " PERRY " 
on all Side-Plates. Look for it ! 

Perry Chains jl^SX^ 

Mertion The Wheel. 



August 21 



THE DH^ZIDSON 

THE WHEEL OF NEW IDEAS, 



IS MANUFACTURED BY 



THE DAVIDSON CYCLE CO. Successors to Davidson & Sons, Chicago, U. S- A. 

Eastern Agents : 
JAS. S. BARRON & CO., 141 to 145 Chambers St., New York City. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 




MANUFACTURERS ! 

Before buying, investigate the tubing manufactured by us. 

A LOCK-JOINT TUBE 

Made of one piece. No flat surfaces, and a 

ii 



JtidcMSe 



PATENTED "SINFRET" TUBE 





which is absolutely smooth inside and outside. It can be used in any 
and all parts of a bicycle where the seamless tube is applicable. Cut 
to exact length wanted. No waste. 

Get Samples and Prices. 

THE HAMILTON TUBE CO., - Hamilton, Ohio. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 




Style B, Racer. 

A light, comfortable saddle, for 
track or road racing. Furnished 
with either flat or wire spring. 

Weight, is oz. Price, $4.50. 

Direct Post, $1.00 extra. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Cyclers that on the " Brown " do sit 

Are grateful for its perfect fit ; 
Hygienic seats, so called, are many 

But, compared with " Brown's," not any. 

THE BROWN SADDLE COMPANY, 

ELYRIA, OHIO. 



the LeoMRD-ScnecK Sa&bLeRY Co. //C 

HARNESS, SADDLERY 



.<#«*, 







Style C, Light Roadster. 

A light road saddle, intended for all 
kinds of road riding. Furnished with 
either flat or wire spring. 

Weight, 12 oz. Price, $4.50. 

Direct Post, $1.00 extra. 



[8 9 6. 



8 9 




Send for samples and prices of our- 

->,.. Wood Rims, 
: Wood Handle-Bars, 
Mod & Chain Goards 

Buckskin Grips. 




We KNOW we can interest you. 

HOME RATTAN COMPANY, 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Wells and Sigel Streets, Chicago, 111. 
209 Canal Street, New York, N. Y. 



This Is the Latest....A PRACTICAL BICYCLER HOLDER. 



(PATENT APPLIED FOR.) 

Something for the family, the storekeeper, 
and everyone using wheels— for use every- 
where by everyone. 




STAND IN USE. 
Kindly mention The Wheel. 



CHEAP, 

DURABLE, 

EFFECTIVE. 

Sample six-wheel stand, 
without sign feature, 
sent to any part of the 
U. S. f or $i. 75 ; with sign 
feature, 4 inches wide, 
$2.75. Cash to accom- 
pany order. Special 
prices to the trade. WE 
MAKE SPECIAL SIZE 
BICYCLE STALLS TO 
ORDER. 







■AMPTON MFG. CO., Bay City, Mich. 




WALL DEVICE. 



FOR WINTER STORAGE. 



SHANNON LOCKING HOLDER, 

THIEF-PROOF. 

Every rider needs this not only for use during regular riding 
season, but as well during winter months, as it combines a per- 
fect holder and gives absolute protection. 

The only sundry that sells and can be used winter and sum- 
mer. 

Invaluable for storage companies, hotels and individuals. 

Write for special discounts. 

SAFETY MFG. CO. 

63 and 65 South Canal Street, Chicago. 

Ktadly mention The Wheel. 




FLOOR DEVICE. 




IT IS NOT A RAT-TRAP. 

Bicycle manufacturers will do well to examine the advantages of the 

CHICAGO SPRING PEDAL 

before placing their order for '97. It is the coming novelty. 

Easy, Comfortable, High Grade, and adapted for any bicycle. 
It pleases and meets the requirements of cyclists for touring and 
pleasure riding. 

Send for terms, description, etc. 

EDWARD S. RICHARDS, 

Suite 318, Rookery, Chicago. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. , , J =» 



9 o 



August 21, 



T HE CENTURY 



Is not the Cheapest, but it Does what it 

Ought to do! 

It costs $2.00 per box (enough for both tires) but you 

get Two Dollars' worth ! 

We want to get into correspondence with JOBBERS and DEALERS 
on our goods. We are creating a demand for them, and the public will 
pay the extra price when it knows the reason why. 
An advertisement can only invite you to write and get posted. Do that, please. ^J FR ^ t JJ™^thiIig you claim 



AUTOMATIC 

TIRE 

REPAIRER 



es£ 



SOME TERRITORY STILL OPEN. 



CENTURY CHEMICAL CO., 



541 Soc. for Sav. 6ldg f 



Kindly mention The "Wheel. 



CLEVELAND, OHIO. 



DUGUID 




SADDLED 



are correct in form and tasty in appearance; they are strong and serviceable, 
and the prices are right. Gan you ask for more ? 

DROP XJS .A. XjHSTE. 

THE DUGUID SADDLERY COMPANY, 



516 East Water Street, 



Kindly Mention the Wheel. 



SYRACUSE, N. Y. 




100,000 LEFEVER CHAINS 

ARE IN USE, GIVING ENTIRE SATISFACTION. 

THFV ARF RI1IIT ONI HONOR and are P erfect in ever y detail - Th e edges and face of side links 

I IIL I Al\Lr DDILI vFll II\/llV/l\ are highly finished and polished. The blocks and studs are thoroughly 

hardened by a process that does not render them lifeless or brittle. When subjected to a severe test they will not 

stretch. They are guaranteed true to one-Inch pitch. In the construction of our Hlgh-Grade Hammer I ess 

Guns we are educated to good workmanship. 

WE GUARANTEE TO PLEASE YOU AS TO 
PRICE AND QUALITY. WRITE US. 



LEFEVER ARMS CO., 



SYRACUSE, N. Y. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



ro 9 6. 



9i 





IT WILL PAY YOU 

CHAINS: 

Lightest and Strongest. 

Least Friction. 

No Back Lash. 

One-half as many parts as the old- 
style Chain. 

THE WHITNEY MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn., D. S. A., 

Sole Manufacturers of the CLOUSER PATENT BICYCLE CHAINS 
AND SPROCKETS. 

Kindly mention The Wheel when wr'ting. 



TO INVESTIGATE 

■ I— " If*" CHAIN, 

SPROCKETS: 

Simple, Light and Inexpensive. 

Are made of Sheet Steel Stamp- 
ings. 

No Forgings required. 



BICYCL-B FITTINGS. 



We are prepared to make, on orders for 
quantities, all kinds ot Sheet Steel 
Stampings, such as 



STEEL BALL BEARING CASES 



drawn from specialcold rolled steel, made 
to our order, and hardened by experts, 
which renders them equal, if not super- 
ior, to any made 



F=ORIC CROMNS, F=R7*7U*e CONNECTIONS, 
TOeS, CRHNK HHNGERS, 

and all sheet metal specialties, like DUST CAPS, PEDAL, PLATES, FERRULES and WASHERS. Do not carry goods 
in stock or issue a catalogue, but will be pleased to furnish estimates on samples or drawings of anything in our line. 

WORCESTER FERRULE AND MFG. CO., 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 100 BEACON STREET, WORCESTER, MASS. 



NARROW TREAD. 

A PERFECT CRANK-HANGER MEANS AN EASY-RUNNING MACHINE. 

Narrow Tread. Wide Bearings. Easy Adjustment. Absolutely Dust 

Proof. Direct Pull on Shaft. Wo Leverage or Frietion. 

Sprocket Runs Between Bearings. 

THE BEST MACHINE MONEY CAN PRODUCE. 

Agencies being rapidly established— apply at once for territory. 

MIAMI CYCLE and MFG. CO., - - 




Detail Crank Hanger (% siz ). 

Middletown, Ohio. 



Chicago Salesroom : S. W. Cor. Wabash Ave. and Congress St. 
General Agency for New York, New Jersey, Philadelphia, 1773 Broadway, N. Y.,Chas. A. Stevenson, Mgr., Gerard M. Barretto, Agt. 

Catalogue on Application. Mention the Wheel. 




STEEL BALLS" 



• ••• 



"We are the largest producers of Steel Balls in existence. 

Place your contract with us and be taken care of. Don't forget our Trade Mark. 



We also manufacture. 



AUTOMATIC MAOHIIItfES 

/OR TURNING AND FINISHING CONES, CUPS, SCREWS, NUTS, NIPPLES, ETC. OUR MACHINES ARE USED EXTENSIVELY BY 
NEARLY EVERY PROMINENT CYCLE MANUFACTURER IN THIS COUNTRY AND EUROPE. 



Kindly mention The Whe« 



THE CLEVELAND MACHINE SCREW CO., Cleveland, Ohio 



9 2 



August 21, 





Boston Wood Rim Co., Bedford, Mass.: 

Gentlemen: — During the last two years we have been using your rim almost 
exclusively for our Dunlop Detachable Tire, supplying it to all the prominent 
manufacturers in the United States, and are very pleased to report to you that our 
experience with it has been eminently satisfactory in every way, and our orders have 
been filled with commendable promptness. 

We are glad to have the opportunity of recommending your goods to the trade, 
and assure you that we shall continue to use them. 
Very truly yours, 

THE AMERICAN DUNLOP TIRE CO. 
(Signed) Kirk Brown. 



Trade Mark. 

People who use our rims get best results. We refer to Pope Manufacturing Co., 
Dunlop Tire Co., Union Cycle Co., Remington Arms Co., Waltham Manufacturing 
Co., Keating Wheel Co., F. F. Ide Mfg. Co , Henley Bicycle Works, Arnold, 
Schwinn & Co., and a large American and foreign trade. 

USE BOSTON LAMINATED. 






Kindly Mention The Wheel. 




POINTS TO CONSIDER 

IN OUR 

REINFORCED LAMINATED RIM 



4- 



Mti& ] 




Two rims required to make one. 
Twice the labor necessary over any 

other laminated rim. 
Twice the material used over any 

other laminated rim. 
Twice the life endurance over any 

other laminated rim. 




No splitting. 

No joints coming apart. 

No outside glue joints to open up. 

Perfectly true and round. 

Perfectly seasoned. 

Piano finish. 




Stands the strongest pressure over all other Laminated 
Rims, and guaranteed absolutely. 

KUNDTZ BENDING WORKS, Cleveland, O. 

THE A. L. MOORE CO., General Agents, 

Cleveland, New York, Chicago. 

Mention The Wheel. 




[«9& 



CRAWFORD 
BICYCLES. 



& 



*£&* 



MAKERS: 

THE CRAWFORD MFG. CO,, 

HAGERSTOWN, MD. 



Kindlv mention The Wheel. 



BRANCH HOUSES: 
NEW YORK, ST. LOUIS. 




Write us for samples and prices of Handle-Bars, 



PLYMOUTH RIMS AND GUARDS. 



Stocks are carried by our Agents : 
ELASTIC TIP CO., 370 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Mass. 
JNO. S. LENG'S SON & CO., 4 Fletcher Street, New York, N. Y. 
TOLEDO CYCLE SUPPLY CO., 22 Erie Street, Toledo, Ohio. 
CHICAGO TIP AND TIKE CO., 152 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. 

BOSTON WOVEN HOSE AND RUBBER CO., 14 Fremont Street, San Francisco, Cal. 
S. GUITERMAN & CO., 35 and 36 Aldermanbury, London, E. C, England, European Agents. 

Wood Handle-Bars prevent numbness of the arms caused by long rides. 



INDIANA NOVELTY MflNqFAQTMRINQ CO., Plymouth, Ind. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



94 



August 21, 1896. 




OFFICE £r FACTORY P 9 # * # * * * 
CLARK, SIXTEENTH & ARMOUR AVE. 



W/T/fALL PT6 CO 
CHICAGO. 



THE WHEEL PRESS, F. P. Prial, 72 Warren St., New York. 



Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 




Copyright 1896, by F. P. Phial. 



Vol. XVlIi., No 2, 



New York and Chicago, August 28, 1896. 



Whole No. 444. 



THESE HAVE GROWN WEARY. 

Their Burdens Too Much to Bear and 
Their Carrying Placed on Other 
Shoulders. 
Bad debts and slow collections forced the 
W. W. Whitten Cycle Mfg. Co., of Providence, 
R. I., to make an assignment late last week, in 
order to ward off threatening attachments. 
The assignee is S. T. Douglas, a Providence 
attorney. The indebtedness of the company is 
about $50,000, and, while the nominal assets 
are more than that amount, it is believed 
they will shrink in liquidation. The concern 
was recently incorporated with an authorized 
capitalization of $50,000; $25,000, which rep- 
resented the stock already subscribed, was the 
actual capital at the time of assignment. The 
officers of the company are: W. W. Whitten, 
president and treasurer; Charles H. Weld, 
secretary, and these officers, with Howard L. 
Perkins, constituted the directors. President 
Witten states that they hope to effect a satis- 
factory settlement with all their creditors and 
continue business. 

The Whitten Cycle Company inform their 
creditors that in a few days a report of 
their affairs , will be submitted. They ex- 
pect to make so good a showing that their 
principal creditors will permit the resuming 
of their business. 



NOTES OF THE KNICKERBOCKERS. 

A deputy sheriff is in charge of the Knick- 
erbocker Cycle Manufacturing Company's 
salesroom and factory in this city, under an 
execution obtained by David H. De Boer, of 
Boston, for $7,582 on four notes. The part- 
ners in the concern, which is not incorpo- 
rated, are Mrs. Annie Levy and Mrs. Julia 
Miller. The firm was formed in October, 1894. 
Goldsmith & Doherty, who represent Mr. De 
Boer, said that they did not think the liabili- 
ties would exceed $12,000, and the assets 
would probably be $20,000. 

DOLLAR FOR DOLLAR. 

The W. B. Holton Manufacturing Com- 
pany of Indianapolis, Ind., dealers in bicycles 
and farm implements, have assigned. The 
failure was brought about by the failure of 
an Eastern firm with which it did a large 
business The assets greatly exceed the lia- 
bilities, but no figures are given. The firm 
says it will pay dollar for dollar. 

FOR A HOTEL BOARD BILL. 

An attachment has been levied on the 
property of the Hotel Cycle Company at Nar- 
ragansett Pier. The concern rented a large 
rink at that place for $1,500 for the season, 
and instructed the summer guests in the art 
of pedalling a bicycle and rented wheels. 



HUSEBY TO HUGO. 

Milwaukee, Wis., Aug. 24. — The Husby Cy- 
cle Company has assigned to Hugo Casper. 
The assets are $5,000 and the liabilities are 
not known. The concern was established in 
this city last spring to engage in the manu- 
facture of wooden-frame bicycles. 

ONTARIO IS OUT. 

Oswego, N. T., Aug. 24. — The Oswego Tool 
Company made an assignment to-day. The 
capital stock of the company is $25,000. Be- 
sides tools, they manufactured the Ontario 
bicycle. The assets are said to exceed the 
liabilities by many thousand dollars. 



NOT PLEASANT FOR CREDITORS. 

The receiver, John R. Hardin, in. charge of 
the Liberty Cycle Company's affairs, has filed 
the following statement: Liabilities, $178,- 
895.47; assets, $130,608.13. The assets in- 
clude the Rockaway plant, $40,000; Bridge- 
port plant, $30,000. 



JUST A LITTLE ONE. 
Schedules in the insolvency of Julius C. 
'Joyslin, a Minneapolis dealer, show assets 
$12,865 31, of which $3,021 50 is in stock, and 
liabilities of $16,128.89, of which the Andrae 
Cycle Company is creditor to the of $5,783 73. 

WARRANT OF INSOLVENCY. 

The application made by the Quincy Cycle 
Company, Quincy, Mass., for a warrant of in- 
solvency, will be heard at Dedham, Mass., on 
October 7. 

TEMPORARY EMBARRASSMENT. 

A temporary receiver has been appointed 
for the Lindstrom Cycle Company of Middle- 
town, Conn. Operations will be resumed. 



WITH BROWNSTONE TRIMMINGS. 

A contract for the erection of the new 
plant of the Lozier Company at Westfield, 
Mass., has been given to a local contractor, 
and work will be begun at once. Pour build- 
ings will be put up, one four stories high, 400 
feet by 50; another one story high, 226 by 
60; and two others one story high, 202 by 50. 
They will all be of brick with brownstone 
trimmings. 



FIGURES THAT LIED. 



UNCLE SAM AND SNELL. 

The Former Says the fatter Went Abroad 

After Some People He 

Wanted. 

Toledo, Aug. 17.— Action for debt was filed 
to-day against the Snell Cycle Fittings Com- 
pany, by United States, through District-At- 
torney, Samuel D. Dodge, to collect a penalty 
of $1,000 for violation of the alien contract 
labor law. 

The petition sets forth that on or about 
September 20, 1895, defendant, through 
George P. Brown, its agent in England, en- 
tered into an agreement and contract in Eng- 
land, with one Henry W. Green, not a citi- 
zen of the United States, that Green was to 
work for defendant for twelve months from 
October 7, 1895,. at the rate of £7 of English 
money per month. It is further set forth 
that defendant prepaid Green's transporta- 
tion, and otherwise assisted him to come to 
the United States, under contract and agree- 
ment for service here, made previous to his 
importation, Green not being engaged as a 
skilh-u workman in a new industry not es- 
tablished in the United States, and not being 
otherwise exempt under the alien contract 
labor law. 

Declaration is made in the petition that 
Green arrived on October 4, 1895, and worked 
twenty weeks for the defendant, under con- 
tract made in England. 



The A. D. Meiselbach Co., Milwaukee, state 
that there is no truth in the announcement 
made in connection with the failure of S. P. 
Myers & Co. last week, that the latter con- 
cern owed them $56,000. The Myers Co. were 
debtors to the Meiselbach Co. to the extent 
of $4,169. 



ONCE MORE IN THE GAME. 

Chicago, Aug. 22.— THE WHEEL of last 
week exclusively announced the probable con- 
tinuance of the Jenkins Cycle Company under 
its old management, meaning, of course, a sat- 
isfactory settlement with its creditors. 

On Wednesday last an important meeting of 
the creditors of the company was held, at 
which the Jenkins Company made the credi- 
tors a proposition which seemed acceptable to 
all present, and which in all likelihood will be 
satisfactory to those creditors not present. It 
is thus merely a matter of a few days until 
the signatures of all creditors to the proposi- 
tion of the company are received, and then the 
concern will immediately resume. 

The proposition is briefly as follows: A six 
months' note for 25 per cent, of the indebted- 
ness, which note is personally guaranteed by 
Shea Smith, the wealthy stationer of Chicago, 
and. one of the Jenkins Company stockholders; 
10 per cent of the indebtedness to be paid in 
nine months; 10 per cent in eleven months, and 
55 per cent in thirteen months; these three lat- 
ter payments, however, not being personally 
guaranteed by Mr. Smith. All the payments are 
to bear interest at 6 per cent. 



Charles Murphy returned from Europe on 
Tuesday, and will begin preparing for Spring- 
field at once. Murphy is enthusiastic over the 
way racing is conducted abroad. 



August 28, 



REVOLUTIONARY. 

THE POPE COMPANY SAID TO BE 

READY TO ABANDON THE 

CHAIN. 



What Gearing Has Done, Can Do and May 

Do Toward Ridding the Bicycle of 

Its Unsatisfactory Propulsion 

by Means of the 

Chain. 

What the Pope Company is "going to do" 
has always been a matter of interest to the 
trade. They have not always been right; no 
company ever is; but its general policy, its 
ordinary style and custom have usually been 
in the right direction. That direction has 
been distinctly forward, becoming more posi- 
tive, more forcible and more far-reaching 
from day to day. 

At this particular time more than ordinary 
interest attaches to the policy which that 
company will pursue in 1897. This interest is 
born of the fact that most firms are com- 
pulsorily standing still, waiting on the times, 
political and otherwise, and in some cases 
waiting on each other. Signs are being 
watched which will indicate the trend of 
things. 

Now, here is a great, big wisp of straw 
floating on the stream. The wisp is a rumor. 
The rumor states that the Pope policy will be 
broad, vital and progressive. The rumor 
has not been specifically denied. THE 
WHEEL believes that there is considerable 
truth in it. 

Rumor deals with three important points 
as regards their 1897 policy. First, that they 
will bring out a brand new bicycle, a bevel 
gear bicycle — in common parlance, a chain- 
less bicycle. This wheel will be listed at $100, 
and will be their "Columbia" leader. And 
outside of this radical departure they will 
improve their "Hartford" bicycle, still call- 
ing it the "Hartford," up to the present "Co- 
lumbia" standard, but probably not at a 
higher price than the "Hartford" commands 
at present. 

The rumor also includes the interesting 
statement that the Pope Company will prac- 
tically start their motor-vehicle business. The 
chainless bicycle is not unknown; it is, in 
fact, old. It is stated that there are no 
ground patents on bevel gears. It is probable 
that the Pope comany have a patented im- 
provement, to prevent wear on the gears. Con- 
siderable light is thrown upon chainless 
"Safeties" in the attached article. 

Any good mechanic knows that a chain and 
sprocket gear is far from being the most de- 
sirable form of mechanism for the transmis- 
sion of power, and most riders of experience, 
though not versed in mechanics, may be, have 
had enough trouble with their chains stretch- 
ing after a comparatively short usage, or rust- 
ing from dampness, to have reached the same 
conclusion— that the chain is the part which 
gives most trouble in a bicycle. 

The mechanic and the rider alike, the first 
on account of his knowledge and the other 
through his experience and disagreeable sen- 
sations when the chain "rides the sprocket," 
as it is commonly termed, have often racked 
their brains with the problem of easy and ef- 
fective transmission of power in a bicycle and 
have tried to find a suitable solution which 
would bring both fortune and fame to its au- 
thor. 

As a result of this race in the inventive field 
many patents have been applied for and ob- 
tained, experiments of all sorts have been 
made, some of them very funny and imprac- 



ticable, but showing a good deal of thought on 
the part of the inventors. Of all the different 
devices tried to attain the desired result, only 
two have given comparative satisfaction and 
promise of a satisfactory solution of the 
problem. These are the lever-and-clutch de- 
vice and the bevel-gear system. 

Of the first device we have but little to say, 
as different applications, such as the old "Star" 
ordinary was equipped with, are well known 
to our readers, who will remember the hill- 
climbing matches, in which this system showed 




Fig. 1. 

its superiority. No progress seems to have 
been made in that direction, and if the lever 
power is to supplant all others some day, its 
mode of application will have to be greatly 
improved. 

In our opinion, the most promising device 
developed up to the present time is the bevel 
gear, and, while the same may be comparative- 
ly unknown yet to most riders, those who pur- 
chased chainless mounts from the League 
Cycle Company, of Hartford, when the wheel 
was first introduced in this country in 1894, 
can testify to its great advantage over the 




Fig. 2. 

usual chain-and-sprocket gears of the common 
"safety." 

We shall not enter into a minute and tech- 
nical description of the bevel gear; neither do 
we intend to give in this short article a review 
or history of the different modes of applica- 
tion which an inspection of the state of the 
art in the Patent Office discloses. This would 
be very dry reading, indeed, interesting only to 
master mechanics and civii engineers, who are 
more conversant with these questions than the 
writer, and study carefully all patented im- 
provements in this field as soon as published. 



the resistance of metals give the bevel gear the 
attention it deserves, we can even hope to see 
the weight of the wheel lessened by its adop- 
tion. 

One point will appeal to all riders, but more 
especially to ladies; it is its claim for cleanli- 
ness, for though the gears, both front and rear, 
can be constantly immersed in oil, insuring 
perfect lubrication, the mechanism is entirely 
inclosed, and no dirt can accumulate on the 
parts, or can the hands and clothing be soiled. 

These three important points, i. e., appear- 
ance, weight and cleanliness being settled, 
we will now give a general description of 
the workings and construction of bevel gears 
and refer our readers to Cuts Nos. 1 and 2 
in the illustration. Cut No. 1 shows any 
ordinary bevel gear applied to bicycle loco- 
motion. Cut No. 2 shows an improved form 
of application, with proper* devices for the 
necessary adjustment of gears. 

A glance at either cut will show that the 
gearing is simple and direct. The usual crank 
shaft carries, instead of the ordinary large 
sprocket, a bevelled gear of suitable size, 
meshing with which is a smaller gear, the 
shaft of which passes either through or over 
the right rear fork; the rear end of this shaft 
carries another small gear which meshes into 
a corresponding gear on the rear hub, instead 
of the usual rear sprocket. At each end 
this shaft is carried on ball bearings which 
are arranged in such a way that wear can 
be taken up without affecting the meshing 
of the gears. The bearings for the hub and 
crank are of the usual form. 

Once adjusted, there is seldom occasion to 
change, and when necessary it can be done 
as readily as with any simple bearing. 

The chain, on the other hand, requires fre- 
quent adjustment to compensate for the ! 
stretching, which brings in its train a change 
of pitch and its attendant evils, roughness in 
running, increased friction, etc. 

There is no back lash as in the chain, owing 
to the fact that the gear fits, whereas in 
the chain gear there is never a true fit be- 
tween the chain and sprocket wheels. Fur- 
ther, the twisting strain on the rear part of 
the frame is entirely removed, thus admitting 
of light frame construction. 

Being inclosed in dust-proof cases, the gears 
are protected from dirt, which insures long 
life to the wearing parts. The cases are 
also waterproof, so that even after exposure 
to a rainstorm the gears and bearings will 
run as freely as before. The chain, on the 
contrary, will leave the lubricant washed off 
and the rivets coated with rust, it will stick 
and grind, and the chain will jerk and climb 
the sprockets, straining the frame severely, 
sometimes even to the point of breaking. 

To its advantages as to durability and rig- 
idity the bevel gear adds one that can be 
placed ahead of all we have claimed for it, 
and that is lightness of running. With bevel 
gears properly cut, the friction is much less 
than with chains, as there is no sliding fric- 
tion between the teeth of the gears, while the 
chain, when improperly lubricated, will grate, 
crackle and waste power, in order to reduce 
which constant attention is necessary. The 
bevel gear, owing to its accuracy of form, will 
run together with perfect ease under the 




Our object is to give our readers a general 
idea of the construction of bevel gears and 
their merits (if well constructed). 

Our illustration (Cut 1) shows that it is very 
neat in appearance and a decided improvement 
on the unsightly chain and its more unsight- 
ly chainguard , which is an absolute neces- 
sity on wheels built for ladies' use. 

Next to looks comes the question of weight. 
We can safely say for the bevel gear that it 
need not weigh more than the chain-and- 
sprocket connection, and when our experts in 



heaviest pressure, even when dry, and will 
insure quiet and smooth action. 

In a word, the bevel gear will prove a boon 
to the rider and all those who do not claim 
to know it all and who do not think that 
they are either making or riding "the only 
wheel." They will hail its coming with joy. 
For it is coming, sure. Already a large con- 
cern in France makes chainless wheels ex- 
clusively and successfully. A firm in New 
Jersey has recently completed arrangements 
to resuscitate the chainless made by the 
Hartford concern, and on top of it all comes 
the rumor that the Pope Manufacturing 
Company will place a chainless bicycle on the 
market next year. HARDy. 



i8q6 



33 



QUEER THINGS THEY DO. 

British aristocracy and "sassiety" have 
taken very kindly to the bicycle of late, but, 
of course, in doing so it would be too much 
to expect them to be satisfied with the sport 
obtained from the wheel by plebeians, conse- 
quently the following has been evolved to 
afford an afternoon's amusement for the 
aristocrats: 

Ladies nominate a gentleman member of 
the club. He has to ride the lady's bicycle 
around the track, dismount, put the lady on 
the wheel and start her off to finish the race 
once more around the track. 

Rider goes once around the track, dismounts 
and has to pick up with the mouth an apple 
floating in a basin of water, then continue 
the race once more around. Apple must not 
be touched by the hands, and must be kept 
inside the mouth until passing the judge. 

Rider after going once around the track 
must dismount and write a letter, having no 
less than ten words in the body of it, inclose 
it in an envelope, address it to the judge, ride 
again around the track and deliver it. The 
neatness and correctness of the letter will 
count in awarding the prize. 

Rider after going once around the track 
must dismount and break a pipe held in an 
Aunt Sally face by throwing sticks at it in 
the usual manner; after this continue the 
race once more around. 

Rider armed with a single stick must go 
once around the track and cut right and left 
at Turks' heads mounted on posts. The one 
who succeeds in cutting off all the heads and 
riding first, wins. 

Two Turks' heads will be placed on the 
track fifty yards apart, and midway between 
a ring will be swung. Each competitor will 
be provided with a lance, when he will have 
to cut off one head, pass the lance through 
the ring, carrying it with him, and cut off the 
other head. The most successful competitor 
in thr^e chances wins. 

Competitors must ride around the track, 
dismount at a table and trim a hat— trim- 
mings, hat, etc., being supplied, then mount 
and carry the trimmed hat around the track 
with him. No competitor must stay longer 
than ten minutes at the table. Neatness 
counts. 

Each competitor will wear a coat with two 
side pockets and will ride around the track, 
dismount at a table and sew up each of the 
two pockets. The test of a well-sewn pocket 
will be that the judge will be unable to pass 
a shilling into it. 



INVESTIGATING A FIRE. 
The fire in the building occupied by the 
Decker Cycle Company is being investigated 
by a deputy fire marshal, owing to the pe- 
culiar features which surround it. It is 
stated that there are good grounds to be- 
lieve that the fire was of an incendiary nat- 
ure. The damage to the machinery and stock 
on the two floors occupied by the Decker 
Cycle Company will be not less than $6,000. 
The value of the plant has been estimated 
variously, some figures being $10,000, and 
on this stock and machinery there was an 
insurance of $9,000. 



FALSE COMPARISONS. 



There is no more reason for a dealer to sell 
a bicycle on the installment plan than a stove 
or a lawn mower.— (Stoves and Hardware Re- 
porter. 

Certainly there isn't — provided stoves and 
lawn mowers cost those who purchase them 
from $75 to $100 each, otherwise the com- 
parison is not a fair one. 



CATCH-JAW PRINCIPLE. 

On the mechanical theory that a shaft with 
a hole running through the centre is stronger 
than when the shaft is solid, the Waterbury 
(Conn.) Wrench Company are making a line 
of wrenches which should become popular. 
They ' are made on the catch-jaw principle, 
requiring no thumb screws, affording quick 
adjustment, and a firm grim. The material 
is the toughest and best steel obtainable, 




with a coat of hard steel on the outside, se- 
cured by case-hardening the whole wrench in 
rawbone dust. The wrenches are so light 
and compact that they can be easily carried 
in a vest pocket. Two models are manufact- 
ured, A and B. The latter is fitted with a 
thumb screw for fine adjustment. The 
wrenches are made in two sizes, 4y 2 and 5 
inches. The World Mfg. Co., 80-82 Reade 
street, New York, are general agents. 



ON BOARD THE ARROW. 

A delightful entertainment will be furnished 
the representatives of the bicycling press after 
the Springfield meet is over by Messrs. Oliver, 
Straus & Co., of Park Row, New York. Their 
yacht, the Arrow, has become familiar to most 
of their friends as a spacious, handsome and 
comfortable boat, not the least of its good 
points being the perennial and translucent 
hospitality, ever flowing, ever sparkling— or, 
at least, sparkling a good part of the time. 
All of this will be placed at the disposal of 
the representatives of the bicycling press after 
the Springfield meet, the programme being a 
three' days' trip on Long Island Sound. Ned 
Oliver will be on hand with a full stock of 
suavity, while Mr. Straus will hold the atten- 
tion of the party with his unfailing good nat- 
ure, frequently alternated with sensibility and 
anecdote. 



NO CHAINS HERE. 

THE WHEEL'S English correspondent has 
this to say regarding the possibilities of the 
chainless wheel: 

I believe that I am right in saying that the 
next big boom here will be the formation of a 
company to manufacture the chainless rear- 
driven bicycle, on which Rivierre won the Bol 
d'Or, twenty hours, and virtually won the 
Bordeaux-Paris race. I give herewith a dia- 
gram of the gear, which is almost self-explan- 
atory. 




A is the ordinary crank bracket cogwheel, 
bevel-toothed to engage with the bevel cog B. 
C is the hollow shaft leading between the 
cogs B and D. The shaft works on ball bear- 
ings fitted to the ordinary backstay. I have 
at present a machine so fitted on trial, and 
will in my next letter give my opinion of it. 
Such performances at Rivierre's could not 
have been done on a poor machine, so I am 
prepared to And it a good thing. 



ROTARY VERSUS RECIPROCAL MOTION. 

All the trouble between the world and cy- 
cling was that up to a few years ago, the 
new method of locomotion was looked upon 
as a joke, a passing fad and a nuisance, 
whereas any one with sufficient intelligence 
should have seen that it was not going to be 
a mere passing amusement like croquet or 
lawn tennis or any of the countless games 
which grandmothers remember, or remember 
to have heard their grandmothers tell about, 
but it was a new power given to the human 
machine which, once acquired, can never be 
surrendered. 

Any one who knows anything of machinery 
knows that whenever rotary motion is sub- 
stituted for reciprocating motion a perma- 
nent improvement has been achieved from 
which there is no going back. In the early 
printing presses, for instance, the power was 
in all the motions applied direct. Rotary 
motion first took the place of reciprocating 
motion when the ink pad gave way to the ink 
roller. Next, the paper, instead of being laid 
flat upon the type, was carried over it on the 
surface of a cylinder, making possible the 
use of steam power in printing, a tremendous 
step in advance. The last revolutionary 
change in printing machinery was the plac- 
ing of the type also on a cylinder. The paper 
is now also folded by rotary action. 

A man's legs are a very good method of 
motion, but the time has never been when 
the suggestion of motion by wheel has not 
been in the human mind, and some see the 
rudiments of that suggestion in man's walk- 
ing apparatus. The time when man would 
move by wheel has long been looked forward 
to. It is not the generation which invents 
any apparatus that gets the greatest good 
from it. A generation which should grow up 
without being able to walk would never make 
much of a success at walking. So it will be 
only the generation which grows up on the 
wheel which will begin to know its possibili- 
ties as a mode of locomotion. 



THEY MEANT WELL. 



Printers sometimes play queer pranks with 
what editors write. In a recent article in a 
daily paper treating of a cycle tea at Newport, 
and, of course, paying especial attention 'to the 
wheelwomen's costumes, the following ex- 
amples of compositors' perversity vi ere in evi- 
dence: 

"Mrs. B. wore nothing in the nature of a 
wheel dress that was peculiar," was trans- 
formed into "Mrs. B. wore nothing in the 
nature of a wheel dress. That was peculiar." 

"To be effective the skirt should be dis- 
played," ran the line further down the column, 
but the "k" in skirt got transformed to "h," 
making it "shirt," and thus greatly altered 
the sense. 



AUSTRIA AGAINST THE SCORCHER. 

Austria has joined the rapidly increasing 
throng of protestors against the brainless 
rider and his brakeless wheel. An Austrian 
magistrate in fining a scorcher defined what 
constitutes reckless riding. He declared that 
"the cyclist must always keep his machine 
under control, and possess so much skill and 
such mechanical appliances that in a moment 
of danger he can instantly bring the machine 
to a standstill or dismount." 

In the second case a magistrate announced 
that in future any rider who, in passing 
through the streets of Vienna, should lift 
both hands from the handle-bar, would ipso 
facto commit an offence. 



If the scorcher believes in appropriate cos- 
tuming for his deadly work, surely a blazer 
should find a prominent place in his wardrobe. 



24 



August 28 





MAKERS 
01 



MESS 
CLES 

(jrandPapids(yclc(p 
Mich. 



MR. DEALER, 

You might be interested in New Clippers if you knew our prices 
and methods of doing business. Clippers are sold at honest 
profits to the trade only. No better wheels are made in any 
factory at any price. When you buy and sell Clippers, you are 
sure of getting the worth of your money. You may be sure that 
the price quoted you is as low as the class of goods we make can 
be made and sold for. You may be sure that our Spring quota- 
tions are right and will remain the same until the season is closed. 
New Clippers are made right, sold right, and our business methods 
are as near right as years of experience and " horse sense " can 
make them. 

We want responsible dealers where we're not repre- 
sented. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



MADE/7^ 



m 




BALDWIN CHAIN ON TOP 

AT LOUISVILLE. 

There Are Good Judges of a Smooth-Running Chain. 



COOPER wins— 

One-Quarter Mile National Championship. 
One Third Mile National Championship. 
T»vo-Mile National Championship. 
Five-Mile National Championship. 

B4LD wins— 

(With a record at Buffalo in One-Mile Open, 2.01 4-5). 



TOM BUTLER wins— 

One-Half Mile Championship. 

One-Mile Championship. 

One-Mile Open. 
Phil J. Bornwasser, Championship of Louisville; Nat Butler, 
W. C. Sanger, John S. Johnson, McDonald, J. W. Par- 
sons, Australian Champion; Kennedy, J. Eaton, Otto 
Ziegler, L. Callahan, P. Bliss, C. Baker, and Janney. 



If you want to be in good company ride the BALDWIN. It is the smoothest running and most 
correct chain made. Superior in quality of material ; new in design. Send for circulars and samples. 



BALDWIN ADJUSTABLE CYCLE CHAIN CO., 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



WORCESTER, MASS., U. S. A. 



r8 9 6. 



25 




Copyright, 1896, by F. P. Prial. 
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY. 



F. P. PRIAL, Proprietor. 



Western Offices : 

934 Monadnock Block, 
Wheel Phone : Chicago. 
No. 3775 Cortlandt. 



Publication Offices: 

88 W. B'way, New York. 
Post Office Address : 

Box Hi, New York. 

Printing House: 

72 Warren St., New York. | 

Cable Address: "Prial," New York. 

Subscription, $2.00 a year. Single Copies, 10c. 
Foreign Subscription, 20s. a year. 

ORDERS FILLED BY ALL NEWSDEALERS. 

Advertising. — The Wheel has the largest and 
the broadest general circulation among cycle 
riders, the cycle trade and kindred trades. 
Advertising rates on application. 

Editing and Managing Staff. 

F. P. Prial, F. A. Egan, R. G. B^tts, 

J. J. Prial, W. D. Callender, W. V. Belknap, 

T. I. Lee, L. Geyler, J. W. Holhan. 

A. T. Merrick, Illustrator. 

Notice to Advertisers. 

WHEEL ADVERTISERS are notified that change of 
advertisements is not guaranteed, unless copy is received 
by Saturday morning. 



IT COVERS THE FIELD. 

The Wheel is anxious to open up 
other than home markets for the Ameri- 
can bicycle trade. With that object in 
view, we are able to announce that The 
Wheel now has a permanent circulation 
in 

ALL FOREIGN COUNTRIES. 

This is in line with the policy in- 
augurated at the foundation of The 
Wheel and Cycling Trade Review, 
and which has been rigidly adhered to 
ever since. The spirit of that policy is 
that the publisher of a business paper 
cannot do too much for his advertisers 
The Wheel is now reaching the re- 
sponsible American bicycle exporters 
in the city of New York. Also a se- 
lected number of foreign buyers resi- 
dent in the principal cities throughout 
Europe. Also the leading bicycle man- 
ufacturers of Great Britain and through- 
out Europe. Also the leading bicycle 
agencies in the following countries: 



England, 


Italy, 


France, 


Switzerland, 


Germany, 


Austria, 


Denmark, 


Hungary, 


Norway, 


Rovimania, 


Sweden, 


Turkey, 


Holland, 


Greece, 


Belgium, 


Russia, 


Spain, 


Servia, 


Portugal, 


Poland, 


Finland, 


New S. Wales, 


Jamaica, 


Victoria, 


Bahama Islands, 


New Zealand, 


Cuba, 


Queensland, 


British Guiana 


Ta.smanu 


India, 


S. Australia, 


Burundi, 


W. Australia, 


Cape Colony, 


Ceylon, 


Straits Settlements 


Natal, 


Java, 



Grigualaud, West, Japan, China, 

Transvaal, Barbados, Egypt, 

Trinidad, Algiers, Antigua, 

Mexico. 

The Wheel intends to familiarize the 
cycling trade of all countries with 
American product, whether in the raw 
state or manmactured. It is certain 
that the newspapers in the various 
countries will not exert themselves to 
eulogize American goods The Wheel 
believes that the merchants in those 
countries are more than anxious to 
negotiate for American product, and 
that they will, either personally or by 
means of interpretation, familiarize 
themselves and get posted on Yankee 
"stuff" and Yankee "notions." 



PASSING OF THE CHAIN. 

IS it here? Has the long-expected break in 
the "safety" line arrived? Is the ten years' 
reign of the rear-driven bicycle to be over- 
turned? Rumor says that it is. 

Rumor says that a company which has al- 
ways been allotted a foremost — if not the 
foremost — place in the trade will produce a 
bevel-gear bicycle, or, in common parlance, a 
chainless bicycle, as its leading wheel for the 
season of 1897. Rumor further adds that this 
wheel is to be listed and sold at the standard 
price of $100. 

The growth of cycling has been one of mar- 
vellous interest. It has been a revelation in 
the world of mechanics. First, there was the 
old hobby-horse of 1820, pushed along the 
ground by sheer limb motion. Then, after 
forty years, a Frenchman enabled us to fly by 
affixing pedals, and we had the "bone-shaker." 
Then, ten years later, an Englishman pro- 
duced a "safety" bicycle, then called, in the 
vernacular, "the goat." But the "goat" did 
not oust the graceful "ordinary," which had 
been the evoluted type of the "bone-shaker," 
or tall nose-breaker bicycle. The poor "goat" 
lay dormant for ten years, when it came out at 
an English cycling show, in a commercial way, 
and attracted universal attention. This was 
in the early '80's. Its influence grew slowly 
but surely, and the "ordinary" died the death. 
When the air tire was added, it was all over; 
the "Safety" was King, and the light, racing 
types are the acme of mechanical strength, 
skill and delicacy. 

But the point of perfection is the jumping- 
off place. And the point was reached when 
the ceaseless mechanical mind at once began 
its search for new worlds to conquer. The im- 
pression of the general public was, and is, 
that after the "Safety" there was nothing 
left but the airship, and the aerial navigator 
has been watched with expectant intensity. 
Progress in the line of air navigation is, how- 
ever, aw slow as the problem is difficult and as 
the achievement will be wonderful. Hence, we 
are compelled to grope along a Eew more steps 
before some wonder-mind will spurn the earth 
and master space. So, Id repeal, rumor says 
we have come to a new departure in the way 



of earth-travelling and cycolution. The chain- 
less "safety" is not new, but rather some 
years old. It has not made way because of 
some imperfections. No device was found to 
obviate the wear of the bevel gear. Chain- 
less wheels were found birdlike when first put 
to use, but after the wear-and-tear process 
set in they were worse than worthless. 

It is stated that the device of the chainless 
"safety" is a wide-open patent. It must also 
be presumed that the company whom it is 
rumored will make the new chainless "safety" 
must have patented, or bought patents, which 
obviate the wearing process. The opinion of 
all mechanical men is that the chainless 
"Safety" is the logical evolution of the "Safe- 
ty" bicycle. The chain is a sad power-waster, 
and a perfect bevel gear would drive it out of 
the market. At the same time, there is no 
definite ground for believing that the chain 
"Safety" is, so to speak, drawing its last 
breath. 

One of our important firms took up the ellip- 
tical sprocket wheel, which was a wide-her- 
alded, world-beating device — in fact, it set our 
trade by the ears for a period of at least two 
weeks. And all because a rider had nego- 
tiated a mile in l:53-something on a wheel so 
equipped. The truth of the matter was that 
the rider was, for the first time in cycling his- 
tory, properly paced. We have since seen 
what wonders have come from proper pace- 
making. Again, an influential firm was tempo- 
rarily demented on the Boudard gear. We 
know not the Boudard now. 

However, away with brain-wearying specu- 
lation and fruitless cogitation. The great man 
will arrive home on Friday, and we shall then 
know more— or less. 



RAILROADS WANT MORE LAW. 

\ \ E are told, in a proverb, that there are 
» » many ways of killing a cat; in the case 
we intend to bring up to illustrate the truth 
of this "old saw" the cat is the touring cy- 
clist, and the executioner is this, that or the 
other railroad. 

Some railroads handle wheelmen with polite- 
ness and dispatch; they are careful, accom- 
modating and altogether decent, and their 
baggage-masters do not glare and their bag- 
gage-smashers do not swear. The New York 
Central Railroad is very nice in this respect; 
so is the Pennsylvania. We suspect that a 
number of the Pennsylvania baggagemen are 
bicycle riders, and that is, without doubt, re- 
sponsible for their care in handling wheels 
and for their politeness in handling cyclist- 
passengers. 

We have our baggage bill on the statute 
book of New York Slate, and it is a very good 
bill in most respects; but, like many other 
things, there arc exceptions in which it works 
harm. That, however, is not now the question, 
THE WHEEL wants to bring prominently 
and pointedly lo the attention of the proper 
people— that is, the League authorities of New 
fork Slate, of New Jersey, and perhaps of 
many other Stales in which the lesson will be 
found applicable— the outrageous manner in 



2 6 



August 28, 



which cyclists and cycles are handled by many 
railroads. 

Two beautiful examples of highly developed 
railway annoyance are furnished by the Long 
Island Railroad and the Erie Railroad. On 
the Long Island Railroad, after much signa- 
ture and red tape, your wheel is placed in the 
car. Suppose, say after a bright, brief holiday, 
you are coming back to Long Island City, per- 
haps on a crowded Sunday night train. "When 
you arrive at the depot you are not permitted 
to handle or to obtain your bicycle until all the 
people have left the train, after which the 
baggage-car is drawn out into the shed, and, 
after a delay which sometimes extends to over 
an hour, and after much perplexity and per- 
spiration, and perhaps oathing, you are, by 
the gracious permission of the Baggage Agent, 
permitted to depart, not in peace, but in dis- 
gust. 

The Erie Railway Company, because it is 
without the jurisdiction of the New York State 
Baggage law, have, with much forethought 
and ingenuity, perfected a system which com- 
mands admiration. Suppose you are leaving 
Port Jervis on your way to New York. At 
Port Jervis you may check your wheel to New 
York. The baggagemen take charge of it for 
you. At the ferryhouse you will see the bag- 
gagemen bundle your wheel on to a truck. It ■ 
is laid flat, and upon it are piled, perhaps, a 
score of other bicycles. Cyclometers and 
lamps are not considered; rat-traps rub shoul- 
ders with tires; lanterns are pushed against 
spokes, and there is a general air of destruc- 
tivity to the whole pile. After this truck is 
jolted on to the ferryboat and jolted about at 
the New York end, you will, after much 
trouble and difficulty, be permitted to resume 
your role as a cyclist. The men handle the 
wheels apparently with malice. It seems as 
though they were instructed to be as careless 
as possible; an observer could draw no other 
conclusion. But you can avoid all this on a 
trip from Port Jervis to New York by the pay- 
ment of a forty-five cent fee. At Port Jervis 
you can check your wheel to Jersey City, pay- 
ing one-half cent a mile for it. You may then 
look after your wheel, handle it, fondle it, be 
with it and take care of it, and at Jersey City 
you can quickly depart without any provoca- 
tion for unseemly but justifiable expletive and 
explosion. 

The handling of bicycles is not now a trans- 
parent problem. The railroads can handle 
wheels easily and well if they would only half 
try. The handling of a wheel as compared 
with the management of a trunk is a mere 
fraction, from the standpoints of room and of 
labor. The wheelman is only too anxious to 
be on hand at the proper point to take care of 
his property. He should be allowed to assist 
the railroad in the discharge of its duties, be- 
cause he does no harm, but, rather, much 
good. 

The abuse, use and annoyance which are 
noted on the Long Island Railroad and on the 
Erie Railroad are also found in connection with 
many other lines. THE WHEEL hopes that 
the authorities of Lhe New York State Division 
will take this matter up and secure to League 



members, and to cyclists in general, sensible 
and decent treatment. The authorities of New 
Jersey, who were the first to promote a sys- 
tem of good country roads, will surely not be 
behind their fellow-workers in the Empire 
State in diminishing railroad discomfort. 



EDUCATION MUCH NEEDED. 

If a manufacturer ventures to express the 
opinion that the triumph of silver in Novem- 
ber will close his factory he is accused of 
uttering a threat to intimidate such voters 
as he employs into voting to support the 
policy that he favors. Those whose shibboleth 
is ever and anon "Sixteen to one," look upon 
the mere utterances of manufacturers as 
actual attempts at bulldozing, and talk of 
passion and prejudice and intolerance as 
though these are the besetting sins of manu- 
facturers who believe in maintaining the ex- 
isting standard. 

"We believe that if a thorough investigation 
could be made it would be found that cycle 
manufacturers are, as a class, singularly 
free from the disposition to politically oppress 
those whom they employ. Exceptions may be 
found, but they are not known to us. Manu- 
facturers have too many other troubles to 
overcome to risk the development of serious 
misunderstandings with their workmen by 
interfering with their political tendencies or 
prejudices. 

Despite all of this, we believe for the best 
interests of both the manufacturer and the 
men he gives employment and wages to, that 
every factory at this time should become an 
educational institute, to instruct every work- 
man as to what he may expect if free coin- 
age wins, so he may intelligently vote for his 
own welfare, which, despite all demagogues 
to the contrary, is invariably for the best in- 
terests of his employer. No loophole should 
be left in this campaign for any man to say 
after it is over that he would have voted 
differently had he thoroughly understood 
what he was voting for or against. 



CONSIDERED AS A LUXURY. 

Many of those who have argued that the bi- 
de is a luxury, and its purchase, in conse- 
quence, a positive injury to the legitimate 
industries of the country, do not know that 
in advancing such a theory they are only really 
telling what a benefit the great increase of 
bicycles has been to the country at large. 

Political economists have declared that nine- 
tenths of the industry of a civilized country is 
employed in creating not the necessaries but 
the luxuries of life. A community, which 
should be content with being merely fed, 
clothed, warmed and sheltered, would have 
use only for the simplest and least skilled 
forms of labor. The agriculturist would sup- 
ply it with food, the handloom weaver could 
make its clothing, the woodcutter or the miner 
could furnish it with fuel, and very rude car- 
pentry and mason work could build its dwell- 
ings. 

To some fantastic theorists this Is an Ideal- 



ly perfect state of society, and semi-civilized 
Mexico, where the laborer has no clothing 
but a blanket, sleeps on the ground in the 
open air, and lives upon corncakes and beans, 
has been held up by some silverite fanatics 
as enjoying an enviable prosperity, and they 
are the theorists who look upon the cycle 
as an interloper in the family of trade, and 
the bicycle as a luxury. 



Some one has come forward to prove that 
the bicycle is an aid to crime. It enables 
the criminal to escape with speed and leaves 
no track behind. This is one of the disad- 
vantages of the progress of civilization. But 
for the knife there would be no cutting 
affrays, and but for the revolver not as many 
shootings. And as it takes a thief to catch a 
thief, so it takes an officer on a bicycle to 
catch the criminal wheelman. And maybe 
the machine will be more useful to justice 
than to crime. 



If there were less wheels there would be 
less people travelling far from home. If there 
were no railroads wheelmen would wheel 
"out and back" not "out" and back by train. 
"Wheelmen are feeders to railroads. They are 
a new class of business. "When will all the 
roads grasp that fact and compete for 
"cycling business" by pursuing a policy of 
fair and decent treatment? 



The wheel took a holiday to join in the sport 
and recreation of men, but the yoke of busi- 
ness is upon it and it cannot escape the bond- 
age. It took the race untold ages to capture 
the magic circle and harness it to human need, 
and it is too precious for man to give it a long 
tether. 



"Push and principle are good paving stones 
for the pathway of prosperity," remarks a 
contemporary. They are intelligent ones. 
They will push the cycle trade traveller, once 
started on them, along at a constantly in- 
creasing momentum. 



The general restriction of credits by manu- 
facturers and all other credit-giving estab- 
lishments should be a timely warning to the 
retailer and agent to pursue the same tactics 
with their customers. 



Perverted vitality becomes hysteria. The 
woman who rides a wheel judiciously employs 
her vitality in such a manner as to avoid all 
hysterical danger. 



In dull times there is nothing like going 
ahead. There is nothing like confidence; 
nothing like enterprise. One is doubly paid 
for them. 



Self-reliance, self-restraint and self-control 
are all requisite before a rider can claim per- 
fect control of the machine ridden. 



The easiest thing in racing is not to become 
a speedy amateur. 



Experience is the shroud of cycling's illu- 
sions. 



We are all sound wheel 



1896. 



2 7 



THE LADDER CLIMBERS. 

After the storm the calm; after Louisville 
comes the let down preparatory to the crucial 
and final tests of speedmaking at Springfield. 
The ladder shows this in the present week, 
changes among the ladderites are merely 
nominal, the climbers reserving their final ef- 
forts for Springfield, where many of them are 
already quartered doing preparatory work. 

Points are based upon the racer's wins on 
the National Circuit only. A win counts three 
points, a second two points, and a third one 
point. The present ladder shows the men as 
•they have climbed up to and including the 
meet at Rochester, N. Y., on August 22. 



HIS BLUFF FAILED. 

There was a rather exciting scene in the 
office of Chairman Gideon of the Racing 
Board one day last week. Charles Hadfield, 
who, as newspaper readers are aware, leaped 
into publicity by not winning the last Irving- 
ton-Millburn race after finishing first, walked 
into the office and began arguing over the 
way he was being treated by the Racing 
Board. Instead of answering the questions 
which had been put to him by the chairman, he 
became abusive and finally threatened vio- 
lence. It is stated that he was only restrained 
from striking the ruler of the racing frater- 
nity by the Interference of a friend who was 
present. Gideon was tempted to teach the ex- 
citable one a thing or two in the manly art, 
being for five or six years the champion ama- 
teur boxer of a Philadelphia athletic club, but 
restrained himself, and threatened to send 
for a policeman. Hadfield, however, calmed 
down and withdrew. 

The next day O. P. Bunnell, the race pro- 
moter, interceded for Hadfield. The latter was 
willing to apologize, and the chairman was 
willing to accept it. Satisfactory explanations 
followed, and Hadfield was given permission to 
ride as a pro. 



ONCE MORE THE DUKE. 
It has leaked out that F. D. Cabanne, whose 
suspension is to be raised on August 31, will 
jump right into harness and race at the Spring- 
field meet on September 1. This is pretty rapid 
work, and those on the inside are already spec- 
ulating how the swarthy St. Louis speed mer- 
chant will fare among his erstwhile competi- 
tors, to say nothing of the many promising 
newcomers in the game. A season's absence 
from the game means much to one who stud- 
ies the tactics and manners of the other men. 
On the other hand, the long rest must prove 
beneficial, and a big advantage over those who 
have endured the wear and tear of a hard 
campaign. 



ROBERT STANDS FIRM. 
From St. Louis comes the news that the 
local Cycle Board of Trade passed a set of 
resolutions asking Douglas W. Robert, mem- 
ber of the Racing Board, to resign his office. 
The cause of the action is said to be that 
crackajacks refused to enter for the dia- 
mond tournament to-morrow because Robert 
was in charge of the tournament. Robert's 
friends deny this, and say the cracks de- 
manded from $50 to $100 for their appear- 
ance, which the Associated Cycling Clubs re- 
fused to pay. Robert, it is stated, will neither 
resign nor pay any attention to the resolu- 
tions. 



HUNDREDS ALLOWED. 

The following records have been allowed 
by the Century Road Club of America: 

S. M. "Warns, Frederick, Baltimore, 47.27 
miles, 3:23, June 21. 

R. E. Osborne, Colorado Springs, Denver, 
round trip, 150 miles, 12:55, June 28. 

P. Carlton Wright, 100 miles, 5:22:30, Au- 
gust 9, Colorado record. 







ALSO RANS. 

The following are the men on the National 
Circuit whose wins have been sufficient to 
score for them ten points and over: Coulter 
27; McFarland, 20; Tom Butler, 19; Parker, 
17; Clark, 16; Becker, 13; W. Coburn, 13; Al- 
len, 11; Mertens, 11; Baker, 11; Kimbel, 10. 



EVERYTHING TO BE FREE. 

Admission to the races at the Pennsyl- 
vania Division's meet, at Pittsburg, is to be 
entirely free. The events will be contested on 
the third day of the meet — September 12 — 
on the half-mile track at Schenley Park. 
There are seats at the track for over 25,000 
people. It is expected that from forty thou- 
sand to fifty thousand spectators will be 
present. Governor Hastings and other ex- 
ecutive officers have promised to attend. 

The first day's programme is in the hands 
of the Allegheny cyclers, and will include 
short runs to points of interest in the morn- 
ing, a lunch at the Cycler's clubhouse at 
noon, the annual twenty-five-mile road race 
of the Cyclers in the afternoon, and a big 
lantern parade in the evening. The second 
day's programme will be in charge of the 
Pittsburg clubs, and will include several 
short runs, a lunch at the Keystone Club 
house, and theatre parties in the evening. A 
steamboat excursion and dance, after the 
races, will complete the third day's pro- 
gramme. 



JUSTICE WHERE JUSTICE IS DUE. 
The circulation of a story among racing 
men that it was peculiar that no check had 
been forthcoming from the Palmer Tire Co. 
for the benefit of the widow of Joseph Grieb- 
ler, the racing man who was killed at Lima, 
Ohio, who rode Palmer tires, has brought out 
the following statement from the company: 
"The Palmer Tire Company sent Mrs. Griebler 
a check for $100 the day following the sad ac- 
cident, but we had too much respect for Joe 
and his family to parade our gift before the 
public. Besides, it was purely a personal mat- 
ter between Mrs. Griebler and ourselves, and 
we see no reason why the public should bother 
about it. Griebler, however, was not in our 
employ at the time, his contract having been 
abrogated some days previous in order to give 
the Davis Sewing Machine Company, whose 
wheel he rode, full control of him." 



HATCHED, THEN KILLED. 

A story was hatched in Philadelphia last 
last week to the effect that a number of 
manufacturers had combined to take the con- 
trol of racing from the L. A. W. A. G. Spald- 
ing & Bros, were mentioned as one of the 
firms interested in the movement, but they 
deny all connection with any such body and 
approve the present management under 
Chairman Gideon. 



JOHNSON'S GOOD KNIGHT. 

It is reported from Philadelphia that John 
S. Johnson was quietly married in Louis- 
ville last week. The bride was Miss Knight, 
of that city. Johnson is in Philadelphia, 
where he rode on Wednesday night, and will 
again appear at Tioga to-morrow. His wife 
is with him. Parsons, the Australian, is also 
in the Quaker City. 



GREAT RACING TEAM. 

It is currently reported that next year the 
Pope Manufacturing Company will again 
take up racing and put out the fastest pro- 
fessional team that money can secure. It is 
also stated that the Butler brothers have 
been offered liberal terms to join the team. 



E. E. Anderson was booked to make an- 
other attempt to ride a mile a minute paced 
by a locomotive on Sunday last. The at- 
tempt, however, was postponed until Septem- 
ber 6. 



Jack Prince has sold his stock in the Nash- 
ville, Tenn., Coliseum, and is to manage a 
Southern racing circuit. 



28 



August 28, 



SOME NEW ENGLISH FIGURES. 

The Bath Road Club's 100-mile race for 
the Kops Cup on the Catford track, London, 
August 8, resulted practically in a match 
between Frost and Palmer. Eleven men 
started, but they were quickly left far behind. 
Frost got the lead, and at one time gained a 
lap on Palmer. This was recovered, and at 93 
miles Palmer broke away and won easily. All 
English records were cut from 10 miles, and 
the world's figures, held by Huret, the French 
professional, were lowered from 58 to 100 
miles. Palmer's time for the 100 was 
3:37:57 4-5. The hour distances were: One 
hour, 29 miles 120 yards; two hours, 57 miles 
375 yards; three hours, 83 miles, 245 yards. 
The new figures are: 
Miles. H.M.S. Leader. 

20 0:41:09 1-5 Frost 

25 0:51 :33 4-5 '. Frost 

30 1:01:57 4 5 Frost 

40 1:23 :09 3-5 Frost 

50 1:44:21 4-5 Frost 

60 2:06:16 "... Frost 

70 2:28 :49 4-5 Frost 

80 2:52:26 2-5 Frost 

90 3:16:24 1-5 Frost 

93 3:23:05 4 5 Palmer 

95 3 :27 :19 4-5 Palmer 

100 3:37:57 4-5 Palmer 



GOLD-PLATED MESSAGE. 

"The Great Journal-Examiner Transconti- 
nental Bicycle Relay Race," from San Fran- 
cisco to New-York, started on Tuesday. The 
riders will carry a message from General 
Graham to General Nelson A. Miles and a 
letter from the postmaster of San Francisco 
to the postmaster of New-York. The mes- 
sages will be enclosed in a leathern pouch of 
soft pliable material, ten inches in length and 
four in width. On either side will be placed 
wide bands, which will be passed over the 
riders' hands in order that it may be carried 
in plain sight. The gold-plated war mes- 
sage and the letter to Postmaster Dayton 
will be encased in waterproof material and 
placed in a sealed compartment, while in an- 
other will be a record of signatures of post- 
masters and notables en route. Among the 
latter it has been arranged that William J. 
Bryan and William McKinley attest to the 
passage of the packet. In most of the States 
the Governors will attest the work of the 
riders, and in the larger cities the Mayors 
will perform a like duty. The route arranged 
covers 3,385 miles. 



BUNNY TO BE IN CHARGE. 

The Union Traction Company, of Philadel- 
phia, has built a new third-mile track at 
Willow Grove, near that city. It has been 
built and banked according to scientific prin- 
ciples, and is expected to prove as fast as 
any in the country. It will be opened for 
speed trials on September 4. 

A chain of arc lights will surround the 
course, and, with the unusual facilities at 
hand, a flood of light can be had, and the 
electrician at the Grove is authority for the 
statement that objects will be as clearly dis- 
cern ible as at daylight. 

On Labor Day, September 7, a. second series 
of trials will be run at 3 p. m., and, if neces- 
sary, finals will be decided in the evening, 
on both these days admission to the grand- 
stand will be free. O. S. Bunnell will have 
charge of the events. 



STRUCK A SNAG. 

J. McCulla was forced to abandon his sec- 
ond attempt to cut the Chicago-New-York 
record at Silver Creek, near Buffalo, where 
he sustained a severe fall. He left Chicago 
at 3 a. m. on Tuesday of last week and had 
covered 568 miles in sixty-four hours up to 
the time he stopped. 



IN THE HOME OF THE SNOW SHOES. 

Simcoe, Can., Aug. 24.— Two Canadian 
championships were decided last week — the 
twenty-five-mile professional and twenty-five- 
mile amateur. The former event was run off 
at Chatham, and Harley Davidson, of the 
Brantford team, had no trouble in winning 
in 1:01:26, at the same time annexing a new 
record for the distance. With better pacing 
the time would have been at least five min- 
utes faster. 

The amateur championship was held at 
Simcoe, and Ralph Axton, the eighteen-year- 
old wonder, from the little town of Paris, 
Ont., won out in a driving finish from R. 
O'Blayney and John Davidson. It was an 
exciting contest all the way through, and 
at the twelve miles they were within three 
seconds of the record, but the pacing failed 
for a couple of miles, and they fell away 



At Simcoe he and McLeod hitched up on 
a tandem, and went out and won the two- 
mile event, beating the two crack Gendron 
teams, who have won numerous races this 





Fred W. Loughead, the Canadian Crack, 
about fifty seconds. A great deal of this was 
made up, but the time— 1:06:02 1-5— was 
seventeen seconds slower than the record 
held by John Wills. Frank Moore, who was 
looked upon as a probable winner, fell in the 
third mile and was out of it. Davidson, Ax- 
lon and McEachren also had bad falls, but 
continued in the race and pluckily held on 
until they caught the bunch. 

O'Blayney and Axton, who have been riding 
one and two and two and one all season, are 
matched for a mile race in heats, best two in 
three, at Brantford this week. 

.T. B. McCarthy won the ten-mile profes- 
sional championship in 28:08 3-5 at Lon3on. 
McCarthy is a peculiar rider. He never 
rounds into form until the season is nearly 
over, then he goes out and beats all of them. 
This year it was the same, and he has been, 
winning right and left ever since. 



The two Macs will likely leave this week to 
join the American circuit-chasers, when they 
will ride singby and as a tandem team. 

Harley Davidson has gone stale, and will 
take his brother John, the amateur, up to 
Muskoka, where the two will enjoy a rest. 
John will come back refreshed for the last 
championship race of the season. 

After September 1 various cracks will make 
an onslaught on the time records. O'Blayney 
will likely go after the amateur times on the 
Simcoe track. 

The Canadian Wheelmen's Association has 
a membership of 8,400, nearly three thousand 
better than last year's list. 

C. W. A. mile boards are being put up 
throughout the country on all the principal 
roads. 

Dr. Doolittle, ex-president of the C. W. A., 
is in England trying to dispose of a patent 
bicycle brake which he invented. 

The Evans & Dodge wheel, with its patent 
bearing, has made a name for itself this year 
and the firm is now preparing for next 
year's business. Their output will be 3,000 
wheels, and the price $100. This year the 
wheels sold for $115. The bicycle is manu- 
factured in Windsor by the Canadian Typo- 
graph Company, which also make type-set- 
ting machines. 



FOR HAYSEED'S AMUSEMENT. 

Farmers' Day at Woodbury, N. J., August 
20, attracted about 5,000 excursionists to the 
town, about all of whom attended the cycle 
races in the afternoon. The track was in 
poor condition, but the close finishes worked 
the grangers up to a high pitch of excitement. 
James McGrath won the novice in 2:57% and 
the Gloucester County championship in 2:50. 
The Camden County championship went to 
George Van Hest in 2:54, while G. B. Baynes 
became champion of Salem County, by rid- 
ing a mile in 2:55. He also won the tri- 
county championship in 2:53 and the two-mile 
handicap from 20 yards in 6:09. 



"REDDY" DID A THIRD. 

At the Kansas Division's meet at Salina 
August 22, "Vesper, Bren and Hunt, the Kan- 
sas City triplet team, lowered the one-third 
mile track record from 39 seconds to 37 2-5 
seconds. "Reddy" Maxwell did a one-third 
mile in 38 3-5 seconds, lowering the record 
from 39 4-5 seconds. John Lawson, of Chi- 
cago, rode a mile, flying start, in two minutes 
flat. 



OUT IN THE ORCHARD. 

A series of races were run at Orchard Park, 
N. Y., August 22, on the road. J. Schwarts, 
3 minutes, won the twelve miles handicap in 
34:52%; A. Pilkey, Buffalo, 2 minutes, the six 
miles handicap in 17:00, and the three miles 
handicap in 8:32 from the 130 mark. The 
half-mile handicap went to M. Cornwall, Buf- 
falo, 20 yards. 



Jay Eaton, of Elizabeth, N. J., defeated A. 
L. Parsons, the Australian crack rider, in a 
match race at Nashville on Saturday for a 
purse of $150, mile heats, best two in three. 
Eaton won in straight heats in 2:14 3-5 and 
2:16 4-5. 



The Martin Junior ten-miles road race for 
boys, run at Buffalo on August 22, brought 
out forty starters and 1,000 spectators. N 
Daul, 3% minutes, won the race in 26:55. The 
time prize went to E, C. Haynes, scratch, 
26:15. 



1896. 



29 



[Advertisement.] 



GOOD THINGS ABOUT COLUMBIAN 

A Few Extracts from betters Received by the 

Pope Manufacturing Company— Ten 

Years on a Columbia. 

"I have cycled twenty years, ten on a Co- 
lumbia, and most satisfactorily. I ride a 
Columbia now." K. L. Arrington, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Exceeded Expectations. 

"The Columbia Model 41, bought from you 
last winter, through the Rev. E. F. Frease, 
of Baroda, has exceeded all my highest ex- 
pectations. I have ridden various English 
wheels during the last twelve years, but have 
never had anything that can compare with 
my Columbia." G. W. Park, M. E. Mission, 
Ahmedabad, India. 

Columbia Ahead. 

"From every post and station, East, West, 
North and South, comes the information that 
the Columbia is ahead." Otto Mueck, Gov- 
ernor's Island. N. Y. 

Only One Make For Him. 

"I don't see how any person after seeing 

the Columbia bicycle, and then seeing any 

other make of bicycle, can buy any other but 

a Columbia."' Jas. A. Speed, Newfields, N. F. 

In Her Element. 

"On our Texas roads a Columbia is in her 
element." M. Hargrave, Brownwood, Texas. 
The Finest Wheel. 

"Please accept my thanks for so promptly 
sending the ladies' Columbia to Long Branch. 
It is quite the finest wheel in this section, 
which is overrun with thousands of all kinds." 
Arthur E. Hearne, New York City. 
Broadsword Contest Successfully Fought. 

"Three cheers for the Columbia; the only 
wheel on which a broadsword contest can be 
successfully fought." Col. N. P. Hartmann, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The Best Made. 

"No one need fear to purchase a Columbia 
if he wants the best wheel made, and wants 
the wheel backed by the best company in ex- 
istence." Allen C. Sanders, Minneapolis, 
Mirn. 

Kins of Kings. 

"I have been royally treated by your com- 
pany and your wheel, which I have ridden 
many thousand miles. The Columbia is 
King of Kings." F. E. Maine, M. D., Auburn, 
N. Y. 



To Bicycle Manufacturers. 

Hartford, Conn., Aug. 20, 1896. 
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. 
Pope Manufacturing Company, of Hartford, 

Conn. 
TRADEMARK FOR BICYCLES AND 

THEIR PARTS. 
Statement and declaration of trademark, 
No. 27,192, registered Nov. 5, 1895. Ap- 
plication filed Aug. 16, 1895. 
STATEMENT. 
To All Whom It May Concern: 

Be it known that the Pope Manufacturing 
Company, a corporate body duly organized 
under the laws of the State of Maine, and 
located and having a place of business at 
Hartford, in the county of Hartford, and the 
State of Connecticut, has adopted for its use 
a trademark for bicycles and parts thereof, 
of which the following is a full, clear and 
exact specification: 

The trademark of said company consists 
of the arbitrary symbol comprising the rep- 
resentation of a substantially circular band 
or frame having a central open portion 
crossed by a band, said symbol being dis- 
played on a background of contrasting color 
or tint. The several words, letters and num- 
bers which may appear on the figure form no 
material part of the mark, but may be varied 
at will, and the figure itself may be displayed 



in any color or colors on which the words 
and phrases may appear in contrasting col- 
ors. 




The class of merchandise to which 
trademark is appropriated is vehicles 



this 
and 



parts thereof, and the particular description 
of goods comprised in such class on which it 
is used by said company is bicycles and com- 
ponent parts entering into the construction 
of said vehicles. 

The mark has also been used by printing 
in advertisements, in circulars, and in cata- 
logues a pictorial representation of the mark 
in use, and its use is further contemplated 
as a watermark on letter paper, billheads, 
and the like, and displayed on various arti- 
cles of manufacture as an advertisement. 

Essential feature: A symbol comprising a 
representation of a substantially circular 
band or frame having a central portion 
crossed by a band, said symbol being dis- 
played on a background of contrasting color 
or tint. Used since November 1, 1894. 

POPE MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 
By Arthur E. Pattison, Secretary. 

Manufacturers in preparing their name- 
plates for 1897 will please be governed ac- 
cordingly. 

POPE MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 




Seventeen Branch Houses and Stock Companies 
under our direct control are located as follows: 



BRANCH HOUSES 



200 Boylston Street, Boston, Mass. 

12 Warren Street, New York 
29 J Wabash Avenue, Chicago 
609 Main Street, Buffalo, N. Y. 

32 East Avenue, Rochester, N. Y. 
420 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburg, Pa. 



J 9 Grand River Avenue, Detroit, Mich. 
J24 Mathewson Street, Providence, R. I. 
452 Pennsylvania Ave., N. W., Washington 
817 Pine Street, St. Louis, Mo. 
1757-59 St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans 
344 Post Street, San Francisco 



STOCK COMPANIES 

Metropolitan Bicycling Co., Boulevard and 60th Street, New York 

Brooklyn Cycle Co., 555 Fulton Street and 1239-41 Fulton Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Hart Cycle Co., 816 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Eisenbrandt Cycle Co., 311 East Baltimore Street, Baltimore, Md. 

Gano Cycle Co., Denver, Col. 

At each of the above addresses a complete repair shop is main- 
tained, in charge of men trained in scientific bicycle repairing, and 
thus agents and riders can have quick attention for needed repairs, 
except nickelling— free if under our guarantee, at reasonable prices 
otherwise ; prompt, satisfactory service either way. 

No accounts can be opened for repairs. Send enough cash to 
cover the probable cost ; if too much, the surplus will be promptly 
returned. Or estimates will be cheerfully given. 

POPE MANUFACTURING CO., 

HARTFORD, CONN. 

Stephens & Hickok, Los Angeles, Cal.; Habighorst & Co., Portland, Ore.; and McDonald & 

Wilson, Toronto, Ont.; are also equipped for general repair work and 

autnorized to protect our guarantee. 



5° 



August a8, 



OWED TO JERSEY. 

Good Roads, Their Extension and Preserva- 
tion-Hudson County Boulevard 
as a Sample. 

The red-roaded State of New Jersey, al- 
though it has been the subject of much humor 
among travelling comedians, especially when 
they "show" in New York, is much treasured 
by the cyclist. It was New Jersey which first 
gave America a decent system of country 
roads, and many other States have since fol- 



the mountainous and picturesque northern 
part of the State, with the well-roaded central 
part and with that series of roads which skirts 
the river and ocean and which extends from 
Matawan away down below Asbury. 



The Boulevard was opened on Thanksgiv- 
ing Day last, since which time it has much in- 
creased in popularity. Immediately after 
leaving the Guttenberg district it leads 
through Hoboken, Jersey City Heights, Green- 
ville, Bayonne and down to Bergen Point. 
The upper section of the Boulevard passes 
through a country which has always been 
distinctively German, and the German suburb- 
anite may be studied there in all his simplic- 
ity. The entire Boulevard furnishes ample 




lowed her example. For more than a decade 
past Orange has been the paradise of metro- 
politan wheelmen. In fact, in the early days 
the only ridable road systems were to be 
found in and about Boston and in the Orange 
riding district, and these two centres— the one 
a great commercial metropolis and the other 
a section of quiet and stately homes — may be 
regarded as the kindergarten of cycle riding. 
It was Orange which first taught the Jersey- 
man the advantage of good roads, so that to- 
day a wheelman may tour in comfort through 
almost any part of the State. There are few 
touring cyclists who are not acquainted with 



The latest contribution of this State toward 
the comfort of the rider was the construction 
of the Hudson County Boulevard, a twelve- 
mile stretch of undulating macadam road, 
starting at Guttenburg, on the west bank of the 
Hudson River, and terminating at the Kill 
von Kull. The map shows the exact location 
of this popular stretch. The Boulevard is 
reached by New York riders over the Fort 
Lee ferry, over the West Shore ferry, land- 
ing at Weehawken. The Boulevard is but a 
few blocks back from the river. It may also 
be reached by Brooklyn and "downtown" 
New York riders over the Cortlandt street 
ferry. But that way is a four-mile stretch of 
much cobble and more vexation, and is at- 
tended with more discomfort than pleasure. 




i«96. «(»/M» 31 



sjnwmmwm 



c m^f> 



mmmm* 



I The Crime of 73 f 

F DOES NOT AFFECT US. =5 

^Z Our '97 line is ready, and we now offer the public ^^ 

^ A Superb Line of High-Grades, E3 

^ A Superior Line of Medium-Grades, Es 

^ A Complete Line of Juveniles, ^ 

^ Two New Models Tandems, ^ 

Er FOR GOLD OR SILVER. E5 



We number among our customers the biggest, shrewdest 
houses in America. They are with us for life. We 
have room for a few solid jobbers. We are one of the 
few factories that run twelve months each year at full 
blast. Capacity, 40,000 bicycles. 



TWENTY NEW MODELS NOW ON EXHIBITION AT OUR 

QUARTERS IN THE WELLINGTON HOTEL, CHICAGO. 




KE/VOSJ1A WIS ^Z 



Branch House, 285 Wabash Avenue, Chicago. 

Address all mail to general offices and factories— Kenosha, Wis. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



^iiUiiiiiliUiUii 



°0^l> 



iuuuuuttttutrc 



32 



August 28, 



accommodation for hungry and thirsty wheel- 
men. Perhaps the two most notable places 
are Salter's Inn at Forty-ninth street, and 
the Shore House, at the terminus of the road. 
The Salters place is a fine, modern hotel, 
handsomely decorated and conveniently con- 
structed, surrounded by a pleasure grove. 
This grove runs down to Newark Bay, and 
rowing, bathing, swinging and the like are to 
be indulged in theie. On Sunday afternoons 
it is the resort of the Salvation Army, who 



the atudent of nature, either human or other- 
wise. There are no lofty hills, no thick for- 
ests, nor is there any cosmopolitanism or 
metropolitans m. There is no high life, no 
swell life. The pleasure vehicles which are 



erected a palatial mansion, and near him 
some other prosperous people have erected 
houses somewhat in keeping with the "big" 




add not a little to the excitement and pict- 
uresqueness of the place. The Shore House, 
situated on the Kill von Kull, must be visited 
to be appreciated. It is built out over the 
water, the service is excellent, and no pleas- 
anter lounging place can be imagined. 

The Boulevard is a plainish sort of road. 
There is not much on it or lining it to attract 



driven over it are of the most modest kind, 
arid are entirely devoid of swagger. The 
horses are good sound, honest animals, but 
not stylish; that is, if we except a few natty 
animals who are the special pets of sporting 
men with whom horseflesh is a habit. The 
houses mostly are wooden structures, except 
at one point, where a prosperous banker has 



home. At two points only is there any par- 
ticular beauty to the student of nature. One 
is the brief glimpse of the Morris 'and Essex 
Canal, and the road is so generally dull that 
when this spot is reached the rider turns to it 
with pleasure and relief. Again, the groves 
near Bayonne, through which are shown the 
sparkling waters of the bay, make a hand- 
some and graceful picture, while, as stated 
above, the Shore House at the end of the road 
makes an agreeable terminal. At several 
points where the road is highest the great 
stretch of marshy meadow, ending seven 
miles beyond in gradually rising hills, looks 
not unlike some huge basin. 

The Boulevard is now much used by cy- 
clists en route for Staten Island. Immediate- 
ly below the Shore House the ferry affords a 
five-minute transport across to the Staten 
Island shore, to Port Richmond, from which 
place Tottenville or New Dorp can be reached. 
Two favorite routes of New York wheelmen 



i8 9 6. 



zi 



are as follows: Boulevard to Bergen Point, 
across to Port Richmond and directly across 
Staten Island 'to New Dorp, by the shore road 
to St. George's, and across by ferry back to 
New York. This road across Staten Island is 
of macadam, brand new, and passes through 
agreeable country. The other road is along 
the Kill von Kull and down to Tottenviile. 
This is a new road that has not yet been 
much favored by wheelmen. There is about a 
mile of it yet to be completed, otherwise it is 
of the finest macadam. 

The Boulevard is bound to grow in favor. 
The expense of building It is as yet too fresh- 
ly born to allow of further -expenditure. Later 
on, however, it will be beautified, and when 
its trees obtain their proper growth a finer 
stretch will not be found near Gotham. 



WILL PAINT THINGS CRIMSON. 

Parwell, Osmun, Kirk & Co., of St. Paul, 
Minn., Northwestern distributing agents for 
the Syracuse Cycle Company, are making 
great preparations for the big State Fair to 
be held August 31 to September 5 inclusive. 
The annual encampment of the G. A. R. will 
be held at this time also. 

. The bicycle entertainment for the "Carni- 
val" week, as it will be known, is under the 
management of James Wirtensohn, manager 
of the Syracuse Cycle Company's Minneapo- 
lis agency. 

Tuesday evening, September 1, has been set 
aside especially for the bicycle parade. The 
central part of the city will be reserved ex- 
clusively for cyclists that evening. A race- 
course on Nicollett avenue is roped off and a 
big detail of police will see that the crowd 
does not trespass on the space allotted to the 
riders. 

The first event of the evening will be a pa- 
rade of lady cyclists. It will be a masked af- 
fair. Three minutes after the ladies' proces- 
sion has passed it will be followed by a sec- 
ond; the riders, however, will be men. The 
flower parade will follow, all wheels partici- 
pating being decorated with Nature's orna- 
ments. 

The parade of floats on bicycles will be one 
of the big features of the evening. The Syra- 
cuse quad, quintet and sextet respectively are 
on their way to St. Paul, where they will be 
used in connection with this parade and the 
week's events. 



ONE CLASS ONLY. 
A Pittsburg student of the racing question 
has relieved his feelings by saying that as 
long as there were amateur and professional 
riders there would be trouble between the L. 
A. W. and the manufacturers. In this gentle- 
man's opinion, the only thing to harmonize 
bicycle racing was to have classes, the same 
as in horse races, and put the topnotchers in 
the fast class and have different limits down 
to the amateur that's just beginning to ride. 
He said this would eventually come. He 
thought it may be a year or two, but it's the 
only solution of the question. 



GOOD THING FOR EVERYBODY. 

The bicycle has offered to the great ma- 
jority of citizens a means of athletic exercise 
and open-air enjoyment, for which they need 
not be especially equipped by nature. Man 
and woman, weak and strong, dwarf and 
300-pounder— all sorts and conditions of men 
—can and do learn to ride, and with com- 
paratively small perseverance become pro- 
ficient for all practical purposes as the most 
endowed athlete of them all. This is the true 
secret of the bicycle's firm hold on the public, 
and here is its greatest value. 



RIDING TO THE PEOPLE. 

At the Republican headquarters in Wash- 
ington the suggestion has been made and 
favorably received that a corps of men be 
employed to go through the States of Michi- 
gan, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska and 
Kansas on wheels, ostensibly on tours of pleas- 
ure, but really for the purpose of getting close 
to the people on the silver question. 

The suggestion is made that 500 or 1,000 
men could in this way get at an average of ten 
voters each day, ascertain just what the peo- 
ple are thinking about, and what arguments 
are necessary to" convince them of the ruinous 
effect of free silver. These wheelmen would, 
of course, be men who can talk sound money 
with all they meet, and they could be sup- 
plied with literature to distribute as they went 
along. They would stop over night at farm- 
houses, and thus have an opportunity to talk 
on familiar terms with their heads. 



HE GOT INFLATED. 




"Phwativer is wrong wid yer goat, Mrs. 
Dooley? Yisterday he wor th' thinnest goat on 
th' hill, an' to-day he looks loike a balloon 
riddy t' floy, so he does." 

"Och, the poor thing. He bruk inter a boy- 
sickle shebang forninst, and chewed up a lot 
of thim circulars — filled as they wor wid ad- 
vertisements of roomatic tires and pumps fer 
thim. Ye see th' effect! Pat do be after sayin' 
he'll niver git well again till he do be poonct- 
ured, phwhativer that may be; I dunno." 



There are real amateurs yet. Italy proves 
this in the person of one Tariolato, who, 
while he races for money, turns the amount 
of his winnings over to charity. So far this 
year Tariolato has thus given away $2,000. 



In comparison to their total output of tires, 
Morgan & Wright state that their free repair 
department at the Chicago factory has a 
small proportion of work. 



ELECTRICITY AND THE PACERS' CINCH. 

Weinig says the electric pacing machine, 
which is now finding favor on French racing 
tracks, is an ordinary tandem-rigged with an 
electric motor and compact storage battery. 
The motor weighs about twenty pounds and 
generates two-horse power. The motor 
turns at a speed of 3,000 revolutions a min- 
ute, but the problem of gearing it down in 
its attachment to the axle has been success- 
fully accomplished. The motor is able to 
drive the machine without aid from the 
riders, but pedals are provided as in regular 
tandem, for the wheel is found to run much 
more steadily with them. 

The front rider steers, as in ordinary tan- 
dem-riding, while the rear one regulates the 
speed and acts as engineer. The storage 
battery at present in use is able to carry 
the machine at a speed of over forty miles 
an hour for about an hour and a half with- 
out a change. 

The inventors devised the machine ex- 
pressly to pace contestants in time contests 
and long road races. In France the cost of 
hiring pacers in the professional races is 
very considerable, and twenty-four-hour 
contests became so extremely expensive to 
the management as to threaten the aban- 
donment of this form of racing. The electric 
tandem is estimated to cut down the ex- 
pense about half. 

This pacing machine has been so successful 
that French cycle manufacturers are looking 
forward to the construction of a storage 
motor in the near future that may be fast- 
ened to an ordinary single, and will give 
effective help in climbing hills. 



WHEELMEN USED TO TUMBLES. 

A curious legal decision has been given by 
the Civil Court at Algiers. A wheelman 
while riding slowly was upset and injured 
through a dog rushing at him. He thereupon 
brought suit against the owner of the ani- 
mal, demanding 50 francs compensation ior 
damage incurred by himself and his bicycle. 
The court's decision runs as follows: "Seeing 
that dogs are admittedly animated by hatred 
toward cyclists, and naturally delight in pur- 
suing them; that, at a time when cycling is 
so much in vogue, it is nevertheless necessary 
that these animals should, like everybody 
else, accustom themselves to that method of 
locomotion; that cyclists are indeed included 
among the passengers protected against dogs 
by the Penal Code; that, on the other hand, 
these who cycle are naturally accustomed to : 
accidents, and that the sum claimed as in- 
demnity on this head by the plaintiff is ex- 
aggerated. For these reasons the court or- 
ders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the' 
sum of 25 francs for damage to the machine,, 
and the sum of one franc as compensation 
to the plaintiff for the inconvenience caused 
him by his fall." 



A London dispatch announces that on Au- 
gust 22, at Woodgreen, Ilsley rode 151 miles 
70 yards in six hours, establishing a new 
record. 



It is said that one of the causes of Linton's 
untimely death was that he was in the habit 
of taking arsenic to sustain him in his long- 
races. 



SHIFTED THE BANKING. 

Hard-luck stories are interesting only when- 
they contain some new allegements. Judged 
by this standard here is one telling why 
Johnson did not win abroad which certainly 
is the most charming innovation of the sea-' 
son. 

It is said that the Frenchman' had some of 
the tracks fixed in such a way as to be able 
to raise and lower the banking at will, and 
then when their own countrymen wont 
around the turn they left the banking where 
it should be, and when Johnson sought to 
make the turn they raised it until, instead of 
slanting outward, the banking really slanted 
inward, so steep did these wily foreigners, 
make it. 

There is no longer any wonder at Johnson's^ 
not winning under these conditions; the won- 
der is that he is alive to toll why ho failed, 



34 



August 28, 



NOW THE ICEMAN. 

He Goes In for Racing and Beats the 
Game— An Off Day for Cracker- 
jacks. 
Rochester, N. T., Aug. 22.— This city has 
been the scene of any number of big meets 
in the past, but in none of them have sur- 
prises ruled so completely as to-day. All the 
favorites, the stars of the circuit, were com- 
pletely turned down, and for once local men 
secured the big purses. The meet, promoted 
by the Lakewood Wheelmen, attracted all the 
circuit chasers excepting Bald, Ziegler and 
Sanger, but none of them, barring Gardiner, 
got near the finish. 

The attendance was about 3,000, the day 
grand for racing, the track in miserable 
shape, but the sport was of the finest order. 
The mile open went to "Williamson, a Niagara 
Falls iceman, who stepped into the profes- 
sional ranks at Erie. 

Williamson is a game rider. At Brie he 
took a handicap, at Medina another handi- 
cap and a close second to MacDonald, and 
to-day's mile open places another feather in 
his cap. Williamson was hard pushed by lit- 
tle Pye Bliss, the veteran Chicago man, and 
big Randall, a local man of ability, was a 
good third, the three defeating Tom Butler, 
who ran fourth. It was big Randall who 
won the quarter-mile rather easily in a game 
ride outside the bunch, defeating such men 
as Tom Butler, Cooper and Gardiner. Hel- 
fert, another new man on the circuit, took 
the handicap. Thus the three races of the 
day went to men who have not been circuit 
chasers, and who did not go through the hot 
week at Louisville. 

In the mile open race final Kennedy, Ran- 
dall, Butler, Bliss, Mayo, Helfert, William- 
son, Newhouse, Rigby, Gardiner, Davis and 
Bowler faced the starter in order named from 
the pole. William Hamilton, the mile record 
holder, paced the contest. Williamson, Bliss, 
Randall and Gardiner caught positions in 
the order named. Tom Butler was fifth in 
line. Although the field bunched at the quar- 
ter, the finish was in the order with which 
the pacemaker had been followed. Pye Bliss 
pushed Williamson to within a foot at the 
tape and big Randall, a length behind, was 
yet an open length ahead of Tom Butler, the 
Boston boy, who so recently played ducks 
and drakes with Bald, Cooper, Sanger and 
all the stars. The time was 2:11 2-5, splen- 
did time for the track in its condition. 

The quarter-mile had easily the best field 
of the day, with MacDonald, Randall, Cooper, 
Tom Butler, Kennedy, Jenny, Stevens, Gar- 
diner, Mosher and Newhouse up. Gardiner 
jumped at the outset, gaining the lead and 
leading down the stretch, with MacDonald 
on his rear. Randall went around outside, 
being slow to get away, and down the stretch 
gained the pole around the head of the 
bunch, coming in a winner by a length over 
MacDpnald, who was a foot ahead of Gardi- 
ner, with an open length between Gardiner 
and Tom Butler. Cooper was sixth in the 
bunch. Twenty-five men swept down the 
stretch in the two-mile handicap at times 
twelve abreast. In the confusion of the finish 
Helfert, Allen, Kennedy and Wells were 
placed in order, but many gave Wells the 
third position: Zimbrich, a local amateur, al- 
most as large as Randall, was hard pushed 
in the amateur ranks by Fisher and Trappe, 
but bore away the honors of the day. In the 
amateur two-mile handicap W. O'Leary fell 
and broke his collarbone. The summaries: 

Mile novice— 1, M. J. Dewitt, Rochester; 2, Fred 
Breu; 3, D. H. Tiffany, Rochester. Time, 2:34 4-5. 
Mile open, amateur— 1, A. M. Zimbrich, Roches- 
ter; 2, F. L. Trippe, Syracuse; 3, F. W. Fisher, 
Syracuse. Time, 2:09 4-5. Tandem pace. 
Quarter-mile, open, professional— 1, Randall; 2, 



MacDonald; 3, Gardiner; 4, Tom Butler. Time, 
32 4-5 seconds. 

Two-mile handicap, amateur— 1, A. B. Goehler 
(scratch); 2, B. B. Stevens (25 yards); 3, M. J. 
Dewitt (190 yards). Time, 4:46 3-5. 

One-mile open, professional— 1, Williamson, 
Niagara Falls; 2, Bliss, Chicago; 3, Randall, 
Rochester; 4, Tom Butler, Boston. Time, 
2:11 4-5. Single pace. 

Quarter-mile, open, amateur— 1, Zimbrich; 2, 
Fisher; 3, H. L. Conolly. Time, 32 seconds. 

Two-mile handicap, professional— 1, W. J. Hel- 
iert (80 yards) ; 2, F. H. Allen (40 yards) ; 3, A. D. 
Kennedy (20 yards); 4, C. S. Wells (100 yards). 
Time, 4:38 3-5. 

One-mile, Monroe County championship— 1, 
Zimbrich; 2, J. Rice. Time, 2:10. 



butler Outgenerals bald. 

Erie, Penn., Aug. 18. — Good generalship re- 
sulted in Butler again showing Bald the way 
across the tape in the mile open at the Na- 
tional Circuit meet to-day. Butler gained 
the lead of the bunch in the next to the last 
lap on the small five-lap track and held his 
position gamely, winning out by half a length. 
Bald fought hard, but could not take down 
that half length lead. The track was slow, 
rain falling during the running of the heats 
of the mile open. The crowd filled the grand- 
stands and crowded over the track. Good 
racing was seen, but the time was slow, the 
track being heavy and dangerous. Butler 
was scratch man in the handicap mile, and 
caught his field handily, but failed to go 
round the field in time to get the front on 
the last lap. Summaries: 

Mile open, professional — Final heat— 1, Tom 
Butler; 2, Bald; 3, Rigby. Time— 2 :24 2-5. 

Mile open— 1, J. F. Higgins, Buffalo; 2, Julius 
Hampel, Erie; 3, Harry B. W 00( l, Cleveland. 
Time— 2:33. 

Mile handicap, professional— 1, Becker, Minne- 
apolis, (90 yards); 2, Foell, Buffalo, (120); 3, Wells, 
San Francisco, (50). Time— 2 :31 1-5. 

One-mile lap race, professional— 1, Tom But- 
ler, 14 points; 2, Kennedy, 9 points; 3, Starbuck, 
5 points. Time— 2:32 1-5. 

One-mile handicap— 1, J. F. Higgins (80 yards); 
2, J. J. Dukelow (90); 3, C. H. Whitley (110); 4, B. 
C. Irons (100). Time— 2 :38 4-5. 



KENNEDY OUTSPRINTS BUTLER. 

Saratoga, N. T., Aug. 25.— Tom Butler was 
taken into camp by A. D. Kennedy, the Chi- 
cagoan, at the National circuit meet at Wood- 
lawn Oval to-day. His victory was in the 
half-mile open. A representative field started 
with Butler at the pole, followed by Rigby, 
Mertens, Kennedy, Callahan, Maya, Bliss, 
Mosher, Hoyt and Wells. Hamilton paced. 

Butler caught the position back of pace- 
maker, but was forced back again and again 
by the riders jumping past the pacemaker 
and falling back. Kennedy had his rear wheel 
as he started round the bunch at the head of 
the homestretch, and Rigby caught the line 
and followed. Down the stretch Kennedy be- 
gan the sprint and Butler accepted the chal- 
lenge. As they crossed the tape an open 
length separated Butler and Rigby, who had 
beaten Kennedy in the finishing twenty yards. 
The mile open went to Becker, who won by a 
foot from Macfarland, of California. Stevens 
won the third of a mile from McDonald by 
inches only, the New York rider finishing 
wide of the bunch. Zeigler failed to qualify 
in either race, and Gardiner failed by one 
place in the half mile, and was euchered out 
of his place by poor judging in his heat of the 
mile. 

Two miles, handicap, professional— 1, Becker, 
(140 yards); 2, Macfarland (130); 3, James Bow- 
ler (200). Time— 4:30. Gardiner (scratch), time, 
4:36. 

Mile, open, professional— 1, Tom Butler; 2, 
Rigby; 3, Kennedy. Time— 2:13. 

Half-mile, open, professional— 1, Kennedy, 
Chicago; 2, Tom Butler; 3, Orland Stevens. 
Time— 1:021-5. 

Mile, open, amateur— 1, O. H. Munro; 2, O. C. 
Tuttle; 3, A. M. Zimbrich. Time— 2:10 2-5. 

Half-mile, open, amateur— 1, A. M. Zimbrich; 
2, O. H. Munro; 3, A. J. Latham. Time— 1:05 1-5. 

Two miles, handicap, amateur— 1, O. H. Mun- 
ro (15 yards); 2, A. M. Zimbrich (scratch); 3, A. 
O. Lee (80). Time— i :56 2-5. 



B0VEE WAS GREAT. 

He Astonished Them at the Island— Ziegler 
Shows His Old Form— William- 
son Disqualified, 
Binghamton, N. T., Aug. 24.— The formal 
dedication of the new Island track at Bing- 
hamton took place this afternoon, with the 
professional and amateur meet given by the 
Binghamton Athletic Association. The meet 
was a success in point of attendance, and the 
racing that was put up was of the highest 
order. One world's record went by the board 
— the amateur two-thirds mile — which was 
ridden by Earl Bovee, a Binghamton young- 
ster, in 1:25, breaking MacFarland's amateur 
record of 1:25 1-5, and tying Cooper's pro- 
fessional record of 1:25. Bovee rode his race 
from seventh position back of the pacing 
tandem, and came to the tape in a game 
finish with G. E. Tunnicliffe, of Richfield 
Springs, beating him half a wheel length. 
The city championship also went to Bovee, 
with two lengths to spare. At the conclusion 
of the programme, and just after a particu- 
larly hard mile handicap, he rode an exhibi- 
tion half in 1 minute, with indifferent pac- 
ing. The amateur mile handicap went to 
Tunnicliffe, who was pushed to the tape by 
G. L. Wilson and H. B. Ketchum, and who 
won from the 40-yard mark in 2:14 1-5. 

In the professional events Ziegler and A. D. 
Kennedy, jr., carried off the honors in two 
good races— the mile open and the two-mile 
handicap. Ziegler's win in the mile was a 
creditable performance, the Calif ornian get- 
ting the worst of his start, and rounding into 
the stretch just as MacDonald all but had 
the game in his own hands. Ziegler trailed 
MacFarland at the rear of the bunch until 
half a lap after the bell, but the last sixth 
was a fine bit of whirlwind sprinting. He 
nipped MacDonald ten yards from the tape 
and won by half a length. Rigby had Mac- 
Donald's wheel in, with Allen trailing him, 
but the judges gave their decision to Mer- 
tens, who was clearly two places out of the 
money. Hamilton paced, single, in 2:11 2-5. 
In the handicap Kennedy won his heat from 
the 20-yard mark, and took the final by 
inches only from Otto Maya. Kennedy led 
into the stretch, and had a sure thing for 
first when Williamson came up at his right 
and crowded him off the track and into the 
grass. The Chicagoan got back in time to 
head off Maya, winning in 4:38 2-5. Rigby 
again took third and Williamson fourth. 
The latter was disqualified for foul riding 
without protest, and Callahan given his 
place, with Helfert taking fifth money. Jen- 
ney fell in the fifth lap, and Gardiner and 
Ziegler, who had both qualified from scratch, 
dropped out in the fourth. Summary: 

Two-thirds mile— First heat— 1, Earl Bovee, 
Binghamton; 2, G. E. Tunnicliffe, Richfield 
Springs; 3, A. P. Diffenderfer, Binghamton; 4, 
George W. Thorne, Binghamton. Time, 1:314-5. 
Second Heat— 1, J. C. S. Scoville, Syracuse; 2, 
Brownell Bulkley, Cortland; 3, F. W. Fisher 
Syracuse; 4, Isaac Van Etten, Oneonta. Time, 
1:38. Final— 1, Bovee; 2, Tunnicliffe; 3, Thorne; 

1, Diffenderfer. Time, 1:25 (amateur world's rec- 
ord). Paced by Jackson and Hume, tandem. 

Mile, open, professional— First Heat— 1, Allen; 

2, Ziegler; 3, Mertens. Time, 2:23 1-5. Second 
Heat— 1, MacFarland. Time, 2:30. Third Heat— 
MacDonald. Time, 2:26 4-5. Fourth Heat— Rig- 
by. Time, 2:41 1-5. Final— 1, Ziegler; 2, MacDon- 
ald; 3, Rigby; 4, Allen. Time, 2:11 2-5. Paced by 
Hamilton, single. Also finished, Mertens and 
MacFarland. 

Two-mile handicap, professional— Final Heat— 

1, Kennedy (20 yards); 2, Maya, (100 yards); 3. 

Rigby (90 yards); 4, Callahan (50 yards); 5, Hel- 
fert (50 yards). Time, 4:38 2-5. Also finished, in 
order named: Kimble, Mertens, Baker, Mac- 
Farland and Mosher. "Williamson took fourth, 

but was disqualified for foul riding. Jenney fell. 
Gardiner and Ziegler, scratch men, quit. 

Mile handicap, amateur— First Heat— Tunni- 
cliffe, F. S. Trappe, Syracuse; Bulkley, 
Ketchum and G. L. Wilson, Utica, qualified in 
2:30 4-5. Second Heat— W. J. Jones, Binghamton; 
M. E. Kinne, Richfield Springs; Bovee, C. H 
Cory, Binghamton, and C. H. King, Ithaca, 
qualified in 2:15. Final— 1, Tunnicliffe (40 yards); 

2, Wilson (50 yards); 3. Ketchum (110 yards); 
4, King (100 yards). Time, 2:14 1-5. ' 



1896. 



35 



HIDE-AND-SEEK RACING. 

Racing by lamplight and the aid of the 
moon was inaugurated in New-York on 
Wednesday evening last, at Olympia Park. 
The promoting body known as the Metro- 
politan Racing Association, it is stated, is a 
nom de plume, so to speak, for several 
New-York newspaper men and League offi- 
cials who are behind the scenes of the enter- 
prise. Tickets were distributed freely, as a 
bait for future events, and a good crowd of 
spectators watched the local cracks flash by 
the spluttering gasolene lights. It was a 
semi-weird and sensational event. The m^n 
rode like demons at times, but were discerni- 
ble from the grandstand only when within 
the radius of a light. Then they would dis- 
appear as though by magic and flash into 
view again at the next light. On the back- 
stretch they were wrapped in misty gloom. 
Peanuts and circus lemonade were hawked 
among the spectators, and when a negro 
won a race which the judges gave to a con- 
testant of the Caucasian race they set up a 
howl that awoke every policeman within 
seven blocks. 

Although the officials needed flashlights 
and dark lanterns to pick out the winners, the, 
grandstand crowd were of keener discern- 
ment, and nothing could convince them that 
the colored rider had not been robbed, but 
he was just as pleased with the second prize 
as the first. In the mile open Ripley, Roome 
and Henshaw went down in a spill, but they 
all remounted and finished. The races are 
to be continued weekly while the moon lasts. 
Summary: 

Half-mile novice— Final heat: i, Ralph B. 
Behrman, M. W.; 2, James McDonough, city; 
3, James Maney, city. Time, 1:17 4-5. Joseph 
Blauqui finished third, but he was disqualified. 

Half-mile handicap— Pinal heat: 1, William 
Pirung, Y. W. (60 yards); 2, William H. Turner 
(60 yards); 3, Charles J. Lelbold, K. A. C. (20 
yards). Tims, 1:12 3-5. 

One-mile open— Final heat: 1, Walter C. 
Roome, N. J. A. C; 2, Bert Ripley, T. C. C; 3, 
C. S. Henshaw, R. W. Time, 2:511-5. 

One-mile handicap— Final heat: 1, Walter C. 
Roome (scratch); 2, W. B. Sibley, S. B. W. (70 
yards); 3, G. J. Leibold (30 yards). Time, 2:341-5. 



GOTHAMITES GOT THERE. 

Albany, N. Y., Aug. 22. — Another entirely 
successful meet was run at the Ridgefield 
grounds to-day, this time under the manage- 
ment of the Albany Bicycle Club. A strong 
wind prevented fast time. An unsuccessful 
attempt was made to lower the half-mile 
track record of 58 seconds by Walter Pic- 
caver, by B. J. Clark, of Flushing. A number 
of New York and Long Island riders scooped 
in several of the prizes. A high wheel race 
was a feature that attracted a deal of in- 
terest. Summaries: 

Mile, Novice— 1, Charles Weyrich, Albany; 2, 
Albert S. Raven, Yonkers. Time— 2:42 2-5. 

Half-Mile, Open— 1, O. H. Munroe, Cohoes; 2, 
W. A. Barbeau, New York. Time— 1:17. 

Six Counties Championship, One Mile— 1, A. J. 
Latham, Albany; 2, O. H. Munroe, Cohoes. Time 
-2:13. 

Mile, 2:50 Class— 1, Robert J. McMahon, Long 
Island City; 2, F. H. Judd, Jr., Flushing. Time— 
2:20 3-5. 

Mile, Open— 1, W. A. Barbeau, New York; 2, 
E. J. Clarke, Flushing. Time— 2:17 3-5. 

Two-thirds Mile, State Championship— 1, O. C. 
Tuttle, Rome; 2, A. J. Latham, Albany. Time— 
1:32 4-5. 

Mile, Open, Ordinary (High Wheel)— 1, R. II. 
Robe, Albany; 2, M. J. Higgins, Albany. Time— 
2:45. 

Mile, Handicap, Open— 1, R. J. McMahon; 2, 
C. B. McCorkle, Troy. Time— 2:16 3-5. 

Mile, Tandem, Open— 1, W. A. Barbeau and C. 
S. Henshaw, Riverside W. ; 2, George Wilson and 
George B. Stoddard, Utlca. Time— 2:12. 



PURELY LOCAL, BUT DREW. 

Although the meet of the Penn Wheelmen, 
at Tioga, Philadelphia, on Saturday, was 
purely local and the weather threatening, 
fully 2,000 spectators were in attendance. 
The track was in poor condition and spills 
were numerous. In the Fairhill Wheelmen's 
two-mile handicap about thirty riders 
started. At the mile, when the men were 
well bunched, one of the leaders fell and all 
but a half dozen of the contestants piled 
over him. Most of them remounted and con- 
tinued the race. Hadfield again rode as a 
professional and won the mile handicap from 
75 yards. He sprinted the entire last lap 
and won by yards. The professional events 
were well divided, Carroll Jack taking the 
mile scratch and J. M. Baldwin the five-mile 
handicap. Paced by a tandem, E. T. Walters 
cut the track record for a third to 39 seconds. 
Summary: 

Mile, Novice— 1, A. Remer; 2, Van Sam. Time 
-2:50 4-5. 

Mile, Open— 1, C. H. Krick; 2, C. H. Henzel; 3, 
P. S. Davis; 4, J. E. Lindley. Time— 2:21 4-5. 

Mile, Open, Professional— 1, C. B. Jack; 2, C. 
C. Bowers; 3, W. R. Landis; 4, J. M. Baldwin. 
Time— 2:19 4-5. 

Mile, Handicap— 1, S. R. Stulzman (110 yards); 
2, J. A. Veriner (50 yards); 3, J. A. Shomo (70 
yards); 4, B. B. Stevens (scratch). Time— 
2:14 1-5. 

Mile, Handicap, Professional— 1, Charley Had- 
field (75 yards); 2, W. A. Rulon (45 yards); 3, 
Charles Turville (80 yards). Time— 2:09 4-5. 

Five Mile, Handicap, Professional— 1, J. M. 
Baldwin (100 yards); 2, Charles Turville (250 
yards) ; 3, W. A. Rulon (150 yards) ; 4, C. Bowers. 
Time— 12:37. 



WHILE THE MOON LOOKED ON. 

Another successful night meet was run at 
Wilmington, August 20. Nearly 2,000 spec- 
tators were present. The professional events 
were the feature of the evening. Church was 
the favorite, and he had a good hold on the 
five-mile event, when he punctured his tire 
and had to drop out. • E. C. Goodley and J. H. 
Minnick had an easy time in the five-mile 
amateur event. They had such a big handi- 
cap, caught the other riders on the tenth 
trip around, and won by a lap. Summary: 

One-mile novice— 1, Morris Thompson, Wil- 
mington; 2, Robert Palmer, Wilmington; 3, J. 
A. Knight, Wilmington. Time— 2 :44 2-5. 

Half-mile handicap— 1, W. E. Dickerson, Pal- 
myra, N. J., 15 yards; 2, E. C. Goodley, Wilming- 
ton, 30; 3, Frank Turner, Wilmington,. Time— 
1:07 3-5. 

One-mile handicap, professional— 1, Charles A. 
Church, Chester, Pa., scratch; 2, Clarence 
Bowers, Riverton, N. J., 50 yards; 3, C. B. Jack, 
Philadelphia, 40; 4, W. R. Landis, Philadelphia, 
45. Time— 2:29 3-5. 

One-mile open— 1, W. R. Goodley, Wilmington; 
2, Frank Turner, Wilmington; 3, Robert Weir, 
Wilmington. Time— 2:52 2-5. 

Five-mile handicap, professional— 1, Clarence 
Bowers, Riverton, N. J., 225 yards; 2, W. R. 
Landis, Philadelphia, 200; 3, John L. Clark, Wil- 
mington, 325; 4, H. E. Bartholemew, Lewisburg, 
Pa., 200. Time— 12:41 2-5. 

Five-mile handicap, amateur— 1, E. C. Good- 
ley, Wilmington, 200 yards; 2, J. H. Minnick, 
Wilmington, 200; 3, W. E. Dickerson, Palmyra, 
N. J., 75; 4, Joshua Lindley, Philadelphia, 
scratch. Time— 12:45. 



RAIN HAD NO EFFECT. 

Providence, Aug. 22.— Crescent Park was 
the scene of the Rhode Island Division's an- 
nual field day to-day. It rained in the morn- 
ing, but the sun broke out at noon, and fully 
5,000 spectators, the largest crowd of the 
season, witnessed the sport. 

In the mile State championship, Horace B. 
Hills, who has held the championship for the 
last four years, went down in a bad spill, and 
Frederick Devlin, of Pawtucket, won the 
coveted honor in a close finish with Joseph 
Bowden, of Providence. 



C. R. Newton, the Connecticut champion; 
A. S. Fuller and E. A. McDuffee, could not 
ride, as notice had been received of their 
transfer to the professional ranks. 

Frederick Devlin reduced the State-one-half 
mile paced record to 56 2-5 seconds. The 
previous record was 57 4-5 seconds. The 
summary: 

Mile, 3:00 Class— 1, William Sullivan, Provi- 
dence; 2, W. H. Murray, Providence; 3, G. 
Cruickshank, Providence. Time, 3:091-5. 

Mile, State Championship— 1, Fred Devlin, 
Pamtucket; 2, Joseph Bowden, Providence. 
Time, 2:23. 

Mile, Tandem— 1, G. Plaintiff and J. B. Fowler, 
Waltham; 2, H. D. Merritt and Hans Hanson, 
Pawtucket. Time, 2:19 2-5. 

Mile, Open— 1, John S. Johnson, Worcester; 2, 
D. M. Marston, Boston; 3, D. Dooley, Taun- 
ton. Time, 2:19 1-5. 

Mile, Handicap— 1, G. Plaintiff; 2, D. M. Mars- 
ton, Boston; 3, William Sullivan, Pawtucket. 
Time, 2:18 1-5. 



HERO OF THE INTERCOLLEGIATE AGAIN. 

Washington, D. C, Aug. 22.— Fred Schade, 
the crack intercollegiate rider, took the hon- 
ors in the amateur events at the Arlington 
Wheelmen's meet to-day. Besides winning 
the mile open, he finished second in the mile 
handicap from scratch, and rode an exhibi- 
tion mile, poorly paced, in 2:08. Harry Mad- 
dox and E. F. Miller divided honors in the 
professional events. The weather was threat- 
ening, but the attendance was large. Sum- 
mary: 

One-mile novice— 1, H. R. Thompson; 2, W. H. 
Hickey; 3, C. W. Burnham. Time— 2:46. 

One-mile tandem— 1, Harry C. Greer and George 
E. Smith; 2, H. Wright and W. G. Le Compte. 
Time— 2:28. 

One-mile open— 1, Fred Schade; 2, W. F. Sims; 
3, W. G. Le Compte. Time— 2:22. 

One-mile open (professional)— 1, Edwin Miller, 
Philadelphia; 2, William Phelps, Baltimore; 3, 
Harry Maddox, Asbury Park. Time— 2:41 2-5. 

One-mile handicap— 1, Lewis R. Smith (160 
yards); 2, Fred Schade (scratch); 3, George E. 
Smith (85 yards). Time— 2:18. -f, 

One-mile club team championship of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia— Arlington Wheelmen, 12 
points, won; Washington Road Club, 9 points, 
second. Time— 3:16. 

Two-mile handicap (professional)— 1, Harry 
Maddox (15 yards); 2, Edwin Miller (75 yards); 
3, J. F. Starbuck (10 yards); 4, Jack White (135 
yards); 5, Charles Church (scratch). Time— 4:52. 



FLOCKED IN THE RAIN. 

Exeter, N. H., Aug. 22.— To-day was what 
is known as Wheelmen's Day. Thousands of 
visitors flocked to the town, but rain marred 
the parade and coasting contest that were to 
have been held in the morning. 

In the ten-mile road race this afternoon 
Heber Brown, of Raymond, finished first in 
28:55, with 4 minutes handicap. 

F. A. Sawyer, of Haverhill, won the first 
time prize in 27:47. 

The following are the results of the track 
events: 

One-Mile, Local— 1, G. W. Harvey; 2, A. S. 
Harvey. Time— 2:44 3-5. 

Mile, Open— 1, C. M. Donahue; 2, C. W. East- 
man; 3, L. B. Dudley. Time— 3:06 2-5. 

Two-Mile, Handicap— 1, B. J. Wilson (80 
yards); 2, L. B. Dudley (110 yards). Time— 
5:22 2-5. R. Urquhart (scratch) finished last on 
account of a punctured tire. 



A barber and a farmer in Kansas have bet 
five gallons of buttermilk and a hair cut on 
a road race which is shortly to take place 
between them. It is this gambling that is 
ruining racing. 

It is easier for a racer to find his own 
name in a paper, when it is there, than it 
is for him to. locate a double-leaded article 
with a scare head, if the article relates, to 
some one else. 



36 



August 28, 



RACING BOARD'S BULLETIN. 



PROFESSIONALIZED. 

Declared professionals, by vote of Racing 
Board, under Act IV, Section 7, by-laws. 

Ralph Sanberg, Port Huron, Mich. 

Charles R. Newton, Stafford Springs, Conn. 

L. N. Walleston, 910 Harrison avenue, Boston, 
Mass. 

Alvan T. Fuller, 76 Cross street, Maiden, Mass. 

J. S. Morse, Cambridgeport, Mass. 

J. C. Wettergreen, Perry .street, Maiden, 
Mass. 

E. A. McDuffie, 47 Woodville street, West Ev- 
erett, Mass. 

A. R. Ives, Meriden, Conn. 

W. R. Munro, Woodward avenue, New Haven, 
Conn. 

W. A. Gunther, 22 Hoyt street, South Norwalk, 
Conn. 

W. J. Danbenspeck, Allentown, Pa. 

Under Clause F, amateur rule: 

R. W. Crouse, Allentown, Pa. 

Louis B. Rothwell, 216 York street, Camden, 
N. J. 

A. A. McLain, Aurora, 111. 

L. B. Arnold, Woonsocket, R. I. 

Carl J. Swenson, 67 Trask street, Providence, 
R. I. 

Herman H. Leopold, Bridgeport, Conn. 

W. G. H. Knight, Housatonic, Mass. 

Declared professionals, by vote of Board, act- 
ind under Art IV, Section 7, by-laws; 

A. J. Hammond, Lynn, Mass. 

Joseph Nadeau, Washington street, Keene, 
N. H. 

W. E. Shaw, Meriden, Conn. 

John L. Decker, Ashley Falls, Mass. 

Jack Conklin, Arlington, N. J. 

W. P. Neville, Newark, N. J. 

John McAmbley, 7 Jefferson street, Bradford, 
Pa. 

Gus Larson, Des Moines, la. 

George W. Buck, jr., Hamline, Minn. 

F. W. Palmer, Rome, N. T., under Clause A. 
F. H. Jacobs, Grand Rapids, Mich., Clause F. 

Vote of Racing Board. 

Glen P. Thayer, Grand Rapids, Mich., clause 
I. Vote of Board. 

W. C. Stevens, Rockford, 111., Clause D. Vote 
of Board. 

Frank Love, Selma, Alabama, Clause F. 

Everett S. Whittemore, Jacksonville, Fla. B. 

Louis Coburn, St. Louis, Mo,, Clause I. 

C. K. Denman, Omaha, Neb., Clause B. 

H. S. Muentefering, Omaha, Neb., Clause B. 

W. E. Buchanan, Lincoln, 111., own request. 

Bert Maloy, Lincoln, 111., own request. 

J. G. Morrow, Marshall, Mo., own request. 

George Bovee, El Paso, Tex., Clause D. 

George L. Bates, Springfield, Mass., own re- 
quest. 

C. A. Londgren, Milford, Mass., Clause A. 

Arthur Schaefer, Weatherly, Pa., Clause D. 

H. Rouse, Weatherly, Pa., Clause D. 

C. Steigerwalt, Weatherly, Pa., Clause D. 

T. J. Trumbore, Weatherly, Pa., Clause D. 

R. O. Sendel, Weatherly, Pa., Clause D. 

Pressor, Weatherly, Pa., Clause D. 

Metzgar, Weatherly, Pa., Clause D. 

William S. Ray, Chester, Pa., own request. 

John M. Guminski, Philadelphia, Pa., own re- 
quest. 

John S. Shrewsbury, Germantown, Philadel- 
phia, own request. 

W. H. Senter, Jr., Brockton, Mass., Clause C. 

Daniel S. Johnston, Jr., College Point, N. Y., 
Clause D. 

L. J. Godberry, New Orleans, La., Clause I. 

Geo. N. Adams, Jacksonville, Fla., Clause F. 
Vote of Board. 

Frank A. Butler, Cambridge, Mass., own re- 
quest. 

W. H. Tarbell, Manchester, Mass., Clause B. 

Albert Haight, North Chili, N. Y., Clause D. 

Chas. Hadfield, Newark, N. J., Clause D . 
SUSPENDED PENDING INVESTIGATION. 

C. J. Lewis, Northampton, Mass. 

Fred H. Palmer, Foxcroft, Me. 

SUSPENSIONS REMOVED. 

T. Q. Hall. Los Angeles, Cal. 
Thos. McAleer, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Percy F. Megargel, Bloomsburg, Pa. 
W. J. Driscoll, Andover, Mass. 
C. S. Bolting, Providence, R. I. 
David Turner, Taunton, Mass. 
Samuel Young, New Orleans, La. 



L. H. Tucker, Syracuse, N. Y. 
Albert Haight, North Chili, N. Y. 
Chas Hadfield, Newark, N. J. 
Suspension placed upon Verdo Westgate, 
Taunton, Mass., has been reduced to expire Sep- 
tember 10. 

Suspensions placed upon the riders at races of 
St. George's Athletic Club, N. Y., July 25, have 
been removed. Also riders at Bloomsburg, Pa., 
races August 5. 

SUSPENDED, 
For riding in professional races, while under 
temporary suspension, F. W. Palmer, Rome, 
N. Y., for 60 days from August 19. 

For competing in amateur races after becom- 
ing a professional, George Boyce, El Paso, 
Texas, for 90 days from August 15. 

For competing while under suspension pend- 
ing investigation, 60 days from August 19. 

For riding in unsanctioned races, E. Haga- 
done, Ed. Marshall, P. Sorenson, Devere Bal- 
lard, Will Shea, Frank French, Frank Ford, 
Jake Yderstad, O. M. Lee, F. Lange, Fred. 

Olson, Burns, M. J. Torrison, Walter Noo- 

land, Henry Cooper, Ashland, Wis. ; Wach- 

smith, Bayfield, Wis.; L. E. Holton, H. C. 
Gadke, Jack Cully, R. T. White, G. A. Holton, 
Omaha, Neb., for 30 days from August 20. 

For .riding in a race to which he was not en- 
titled, W. H. Senter, Jr., Brockton, Mass., for 
30 days from August 20. 
_ For false entry and riding as an amateur after 

having become a professional, one year 

from August 20. 

For double entry, Harry W. St. John, Jersey 
City, N. J., and H. M. Stivers, New Rochelle, 
N. Y., for 60 days from August 12. 

For competing in unsanctioned races, William 
Lynch, Manchester, N. H., and Walter Hart, 
Nashua, N. H., for 30 days from August 12. 

For competing in unsanctioned races, after 
warning, William Ellis, Clarence Stringer, Will- 
iam Wuestenfeld, Elgin, 111., for 90 days from 
August 19. 

For competing in unsanctioned races under an 
assumed name, Fred Seymour, Elgin, 111., for 
one year from August 19. 

For competing in unsanctioned races, W. Mof- 
fet, H. Ballman, William Sangstracke, Edward 
M. Burne, Edward Roenicke, W. G. Gunders- 
' dorf, F. W. Traeger, F. Matthew, H. Vorrath, 
William Bremer, Guttenberg, N. J., for 30 days 
from August 20. 

By vote of the Board Mr. E. B. Smith is ap- 
pointed official handicapper for Minnesota, vice 
E. A. Blomquist. 

I-I. C. Fourton, 19 Carondelet street, New Or- 
leans, La., is appointed official handicapper for 
Louisiana. 

Suspension placed on L. D. Cabanne, St. 
Louis, Mo., has been reduced to expire Septem- 
ber 1, 1896. 

Tandem records made at Louisville, Ky., July 
4, 1896, by Davisworth and Mitchell have been 
accepted as follows: 

Flying start, unpaced, against time, one-third 
mile, 35 seconds; one-half mile, 56 seconds; two- 
thirds mile, 1:17. 

A fine of $50 has been placed on Thomas Coop- 
er and E. C. Bald for misconduct on the track 
at Louisville, riders to stand suspended until 
paid. 

SANCTIONS GRANTED. 
September 5—1. M. Bridges, Chicago, 111. 
September 7— Muscatine Trade and Labor As- 
sembly, Muscatine, Iowa. 

September 8— Davenport Fair and Exposition, 
Davenport, Iowa. 

September 17, 18, 19— Inter-Ocean Wheel Club, 
Sioux City, Iowa. 

September 3 and 10— Rock Rapids Cycling Club, 
Rock Rapids, Iowa. 
September 7— Y. M. C. A., Bay City, Mich. 
September 3— National Cycle Exhibition Com- 
pany, Chicago, III. 

September 3— Chemung Ath. Co. Ag. Soc, El- 
mira, N. Y. 

September 4— Gouverneur Athletic Club, Gouv- 
erneur, N. Y. 
September 7— St. Mary's Church, Auburn, N. Y. 
September 7— Holley Athletic Association, Hol- 
ley, N. Y. 

September 7— Marshalltown Cycle Club, Mar- 
shalltown, Iowa. 

September 7— Schenectady County Wheelmen, 
Schenectady, N. Y. 

September 3— Grand Junction Wheelmen Club, 
Grand Junction, Col. 



August 28— Hornellsville Farmers, Hornellsville, 
N. Y. 
September 3— J. E. Rider, Portsmouth, N. H. 
September 17-18— Battenkill Valley Ind. Sec, 
Manchester County, Vt. 

September 7— Rovers' Wheel Club, New Haven; 
Conn. 

September 17— Floyd County Agricultural and 
Mechanical Association, Charles City, Iowa. 

September 1-2— A. C. Burgdorff, Carlinville, 111. 
September 23, 24, 25— Ida County Fair Association, 
Ida Grove, 111. 

August 29— La Orange Cycling Club, La Or- 
ange, 111. 

August 27-28— Knoxville Cycling Club, Knox- 
ville, Iowa. 
September 5— F. L. Egelof, Dubuque, Iowa. 
August 29— Irving Park Cycling Club, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

September 12— Elgin King Pleasure Club, El- 
gin, 111. 

August 31— Minnesota State Fair, Hamline, 
Minn. 

September 1819— Minnesota Driving Club, Ham- 
line, Minn. 
August 29— Palatine Athletic Club, Palatine, 111. 
September 25— Bloomington Bicycle Club, 
Bloomington, 111. 

September 4-5— Nashville Athletic Club, Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

August 27— Jacksonville Wheelmen, Jackson- 
ville, Fla. 
August 27-28— Nody Starkey, Somerset, Ky. 
August 29— Y. M. C. A., Marion, Ind. 
September 7— Associated Wheels, Canton, Ohio. 
September 28 — Jackson Cycle Club, Jackson, 
Tenn. 

September 29— Association Wheelmen, Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

September 7— Associated Wheelmen, Cleveland, 
Ohio. 

September 23— Morris County Exposition Com- 
pany, Council Grove, Kan. 

August 29— Algonquin Tennis Club, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

September 5— Theodore Wynkoop, Catskill. 
N. Y. 

September 7— Townsend Wright, Amityville, 
N. Y. 

September 5— Theodore Wynkoop, Catskill, 
N. Y. 

September 7— Oswegatihin Tribe, Camden, 
N. Y. 

September 7— Great Neck League, Great Neck, 
N. Y. 

September 24-25— Cuba Fair and Racing Asso- 
ciation, Cuba, N. Y. 

September 1, 2, 3— Fred B. Groves, Lewiston, 
Me. 
September 7— A. O. H., Taunton, Mass. 
September 7— John A. Crich, Naugatuck, Conn. 
September 7— Westerly Baseball Company, 
Westerly, R. I. 

September 7— Young Men's Association, Dun- 
kirk, N. Y. 

September 7— A. O. H. of North Adams, North 
Adams, Mass. 

Sej.'tember 7— Keene Cath. Societv, Keen", 
N. H. 

September 7— New Britain Wheel Club, Berlin, 
Conn. 

September 26— Southbridge Bicycle Club. 
Southbridge, Mass. 

September 30— Brockton Agricultural Society, 
Brockton, Mass. 

October 1, 2, 3— Brockton Agricultural Society, 
Brockton, Mass. 

September 19— Kenoza Cycle Association, Hav- 
erhill, Mass. 

September 7 — Charles E. Lowell, South Fram- 
ingham, Mass. 

August 28— Worcester Cycle Club, Worcester, 
Mass. 

August 29— Southbridge Athletic Association, 
Southbridge, Mass. 
September - 10— G. W. Fisher, Huntington, Penn. 
September 19 — Apollo Bicycle Club, Apollo, 
Penn. 
August 29— F. H. Hertzler, Carlisle, Penn. 
September 3-4 — Hazleton Driving Park. Hazle- 
ton, Penn. 
August 29--J. L. Bower, Phoenix ville, Penn. ! 
September 24— F. M. Dampman, Philadelphia, 
Penn. 

September 7— South Orange Field Club, South 
Orange, N. J. 

September 14— Sanitary Pressers' National 
Union, Trento.i, N. J. 

September 7— O. S. Bunnell, Willow Grove, 
Penn. 

August 27— Century Wheelmen, Philadelphia, 
Penn. 

September 1— Cuban Press Meet, Wilmington, 
Del. 

September 5 — Mahanoy City Wheelmen, Ma- 
hanoy City, Penn. 

September 10— Central Cycle Club, Bradford, 
Penn. 



1896. 



RATHER MIXED UP. 



Aftermath of the British Trade Boom- 
That G. & J. "Verdict— Americans 
Abroad. 

London. Aug. 12. — After many days — some- 
thing like 250 — Mr. Justice North came into 
court this morning with a neatly typewritten 
judgment in the Clincher-Gormully & Jeffery 
case. It only took some twenty minutes to 
read, and was not a very high-class literary 
effort in itself, but its effect must be something 
enormous, as it effectually establishes the 
validity of the clincher patent in all cases of 
clinched-on tires. Messrs Gormully & Jeffery 
have been adjudged to have infringed Bart- 
lett's clincher patent, and unless an appeal is 
lodged within a fortnight after November 15, 
costs and damages accruing in the suit will 
have to be paid by Gormully & Jeffery. 

The decision strengthens the hands of the 
Dunlop Company, which, of course, now con- 
trols the clincher patent in the United King- 
dom; but for all that the shares of the com- 
pany are in a declining state. This, it is said, 
is owing to the attitude of the directors toward 
a Stock Exchange settlement, which has not 
yet been applied for, although the formation 
of the company took place three months ago. 
This policy is explained by two contradictory 
statements. First, that the allotment of the 
deferred stock was not made so carefully as 
to prevent an overallotment to the tune of 
70,000 shares, which the directors will have to 
buy in before scrip can be issued, and until 
this has been done no Stock Exchange settle- 
ment can be obtained. The second is that the 
public did not apply fully for the ordinary 
issue, and in consequence the directors had to 
take up such a large quantity that they are 
not able to give a settlement until they have 
unloaded sufficient deferred shares to pay the 
calls on the ordinary issue. I am not going to 
offer any comment on these rumors: the fact 
remains that for some reason a settlement has 
not been applied for, and brokers discourage 
dealings because so involved have their ac- 
counts become that a failure of a big broker 
over the Dunlop settlement might bring on a 
collapse of dozens of others. 

Despite this disinclination, the French 
Dunlop Company has been launched on 
the public this week, but so far as I can 
judge, has not been received with anything 
like enthusiasm. The capital is fixed at £650,- 
000, not £750,000, as I recently surmised it 
would be. The £100,000 difference has been 
caused by the refusal of the Gallus tire people, 
the leading French tire makers, to come in on 
the deal. The rumored inclusion of the French 
clincher also turns out to be a fizzle, and I am 
told that a separate company will be floated 
shortly to work that tire in conjunction with 
the Gallus. 

It is said that a very advantageous offer has 
been made for the Continental Simpson Lever 
Chain Company, but since the deposit on the 
£100,000 offer only apparently amounts to 
£500, I am inclined to call it a ruse to hoist 
the price of shares. 

Our racing season is rapidly drawing to a 
close, and in another month will be over. On 
Saturday last the Bath Road hundred miles- 
one of our classic path contests for amateurs- 
was run off at Catford, in the presence of a ^ 
very small crowd, and in a pouring rain. Not- < 
withstanding the latter circumstance, a grand • 
race was witnessed, and after the fifty-eighth 
mile world's records, amateur and profes- 
sional, went by the board. The battle from the 
first lay between R. Palmer, a Dunlop tire 
rider, and F. D. Frost, a Palmer tire and 
Sampson chain exponent. Frost had a good 
deal the best of the argument right up to 



ninety-two miles, at which point he managed 
to break away, and, going in magnificent 
style to the finish, won by over half a mile. 
Time— 3:37:57 4-5. 

Just as I close I hear that another big cycle 
factory fire occurred in Leicester, where the 
Mutual Cycle Manufacturing Company, later 
the Leicester Cycle Company, makers of the 
Peregrine bicycle, have been practically burned 
out. These fires are really blessings in dis- 
guise, as the premises burned are usually well 
insured, and the rebuilt factories are well 
equipped with the latest American machinery 
with the insurance money. 

The influx of American makers or their rep- 
resentatives still continues. I have had the 
pleasure of meeting this week Mr. Coleman, 
of the Crescent "Wheel Works and president of 
the Board of Trade; Mr. Benjamin, of the 
Barnes Company, and Mr. Potter, of Pierce 
Brothers. I just only missed seeing Mr. How- 
ard Raymond, who has gone across to Copen- 
hagen to represent the L. A. W. there at the 
International Cyclists' Association Council. 
Most of the makers have been able to secure 
some satisfactory representatives, but late 
comers will find this a very vital question, as 
the best wheel in the world is lost here unless 
intelligently handled. 



TOO HEAVY A LOAD. 

"And won't Jack Cracker really race?" in- 
quired a fair spectator in the grand stand at 
Louisville as the man with the big trumpet 
announced that one of the big guns would 
not compete in an event. 

"No, madam, his trainer says he's all 
broken up," replied the man with the duck 
trousers. 

"Poor fellow, no wonder," said she com- 
passionately. "I see by the papers that he 
carries three racing wheels, a big trainer 
and a valet around with him wherever he 
goes. That's enough to break down the 
strongest man in the world. Isn't it, now?" 



WHAT HE SAYS DON'T GO. 

"Here is a man who goes to prove in a long 
article that there are six ways of telling 
whether the machine an agent is selling you 
is worth the money he asks for it." 

"The first, of course, is whether he tells 
you so." 

"No; that has nothing whatever to do with 
it." 



HOW REAL SOLDIERS CYCLE. 

In the tests now being given the bicycle in 
a trip from Fort Missouri, Mont., to the Yel- 
lowstone by a company of cycle-mounted 
United States soldiers, a special system of 
packing has been devised by which the sol- 
dier-wheelman carries strapped to the head 
of his wheel his knapsack and blanket roll, 
containing clothing, blanket and shelter tent, 
the tent stakes fitting under the handle- 
bars. An extra supply of provisions is car- 
ried by every second man in a canvas-cov- 
ered box, fitted into the diamond frame of 
the machine. 

Those who carry rifles do not carry these 
provision boxes. It is said that Ave days' 
rations can be carried in this way, and that 
by crowding the amount can be increased 
to eight days' supply. In the drill scheme 
arranged for the bicycle corps cavalry tactics 
are followed, although the evolutions are by 
twos instead of fours. Among other move- 
ments is an interesting one by which the 
command dismounts and gets over fences 
quickly and in an orderly manner. 

Lieutenant Moss, who is in charge of the 
detachment, has fixed to his handlebars a 
tablet, on which he can make a hasty but 
useful map of the route traversed while in 
motion. An ingenious device makes it possi- 
ble for the paper to be rolled forward as 
used without breaking the sheet. Across the 
front of the tablet is a scale of degrees, and 
a parallel marker is also provided. "With the 
additional help of a cyclometer and a com- 
pass it is expected that an excellent idea of 
the route can be given. 



CAT STORY. 

Score again! Danville, Ky., claims to have 
a black cat which has become a confirmed 
cyclomaniac. The cat does not, to be sure, 
sit upon the saddle and do the pedalling, but 
it rides upon the shoulders of the boys in 
the neighborhood. In the evening, when the 
boys start out, one of them will place the cat 
upon his shoulder, and there Tom will sit 
through the entire journey if permitted to do 
so. The cat never falls from its perch. Some- 
times it is partially dislodged by the boys 
in mounting or by a sudden turn or bump in 
the road, but its claws are ever ready to 
catch a new hold, a fact which makes the 
catbearer rather chary about doing anything 
to make Tom grab for a new hold. 



The Welsh name for cycle is "ceffel haiarn," 
which, being Jiterally translated, means "the 
iron horse." 



BIG MACHINE AND GOOD. 

After two months' work the Bolte Cycle 
Mfg. Co., of Milwaukee, have finished a sex- 
tuplet, of which the firm is justly proud. The 
big machine was completed in the rough two 



chains is evenly divided so that the danger 
of breakage is reduced to far below that en- 
countered in the ordinary bicycle. The ma- 
chine is also a very light one considering the 
demands that are made upon it, for it weighs 
only 124 pounds. Thus far the machine 




weeks ago, but before receiving the finishing 
touches, it was put under die most crucial 
tests on both the road and track. 

The machine is geared to 110. and by a now 
principle in construction the strain of thti 



been equipped with riders from the com- 
pany's works, 1ml i( is the Intention of set- 
ting a number Of the last men astride (lie 
giant and sending her against time on a mile 
track. 



43 



A'gu->t 2I 



WHEN, WHERE AND HOW. 

The Board of Trade Makes Plain to Cycle 

Show Exhibitors What They 

Must Do. 

The Board of Trade has issued from its 
Eastern offices details, plans, specifications 
and rules of the 1897 Eastern Show. The 
function, as is well known, will be held at 
Grand Central Palace, Forty-third street and 
Lexington avenue, New York, from February 
6 to 13. The diagrams give an idea of the 
general arrangement of the building. 

The applications for space will be opened 
on September 19, when spaces will be allot- 
ted on some fair, impartial and satisfactory 
plan, to be decided upon later. 

The first floor will be devoted to machinery 
and sundries, total eighty-one spaces. The 
main floor, 160 spaces, will be devoted ex- 
clusively to cycle exhibits. The third floor, 
218 spaces, will be for bicycle overflow and 
sundries. The average charge for spaces has 
been reduced, as compared with last year, 50 
per cent, while the average size of show 
spaces is increased. A suitable portion of the 
profits will be rebated to the exhibitors. The 
average rental paid for space at last year's 
show was $130; this year $63. The total 
number of spaces is 459, with 300 applica- 
tions up to date. The latest date for applica- 
tions is September 19. 

The principal rules governing the 1897 
Eastern Show are appended. Other particu- 
lars, blanks, etc., may be obtained from the 
Board of Trade, 270 Broadway, New York 
City. 

Division of Spaces Not Allowed— No exhibitor 
shall be allowed to sublet the whole or any part 
of his allotted space, nor to exhibit or permit 
to be exhibited therein articles other than those 
manufactured or sold by him. 

Character of Exhibits— The Board shall at all 
times retain the right to prohibit any exhibit 
or exhibitor, and generally to regulate the mat- 
ter exhibited and the conduct of the exhibitor. 
This reservation is understood to include all per- 
sons and their conduct, and all matters and 
things whatsoever which either form a part of 
or are in any way connected or associated with 
any exhibit which may, in any manner, affect 
the reputation and character of the exhibition 
as a whole, or the rights and privileges of in- 
dividual exhibitors. 

The decision of the Board or its duly au- 
thorized agent in such matters shall be final, 
and the person or subject matter objected to 
must be at once removed or suppressed by the 
exhibitor. 

Each exhibitor hereby appoints and consti- 
tutes the Board its agent to remove or cause 
to be removed the person or thing objected to, 
at the expense of the exhibitor. 

Every exhibitor shall, upon demand, submit to 
the Board all proposed matter or conduct for 
the Board's approval, and shall not be permitted 
to exhibit any such article or person disap- 
proved or refused to be submitted for approval. 

Exhibitors shall distribute catalogues, price 
lists, souvenirs, etc., only from their respectively 
allotted spaces. 

Applications for special privileges may be made 
to the Board prior to February 3, 1897. 

Allotment of Spaces— Applicants are requested 
to make all of their selections in their first or 
original application, and to number their selec- 
tions in the order of their preferences— first, sec- 
ond, third, etc. 

The applications for spaces will be opened :iy 
a special committee on September 19, 1896, which 
will report to the Board the total number of 
spaces applied for, and allotment of spaces based 
upon such report will be made as soon thereafter 
as possible. 

If more spaces are applied for than provided 
in the diagram, applicants for spaces in excess 
of three shall have their applications rebated 
pro rata. 

Payment for Space— Upon notification of allot- 
ment of space the exhibitor shall sign a con- 
tract therefor, and pay to the Board 25 per 



40 40 

_40__60_ 

•2.J5. 




Official Diagram- 

tiih uiui utiiul Eimimoa 

Cycles, Cycle Accessories, Sundries 
and Machinery, 



filSLE 14' C 


WIDE 




SO 


60 


a 
3 


60 


60 




40 


40 


40 


in 




40 


i'o 




40 




40 


40 


40 
40 


,40 

40 






40 




60 


Ja 


60 I BO 






AISLE 140- WIDE 



80 


60 


40 


40 


40 




4Q 
40 


, 40 
40 


60 


60 



l! . National Board of Trade of 
iff 

Cycle Manufacturers. 



AISLE 140 WIDE 





■ I 1 All spaces, Jnless otherwise marked, 7' 2" 1 9' 2 




1896 



43 



centum of the rental, and the balance on or be- 
fore February 8, 1897. . 

All contracts for space are subject to the 
terms of the lease under which the Board oc- 
cupies the above premises, and every exhibitor 
shall be deemed to have had notice of such lease 
and the terms thereof. 

Receipt of Goods— All goods must be plainly 
marked with the name of the exhibitor and 
the number of his space, addressed to the 
Grand Central Palace of Industry, Forty-third 
street and Lexington avenue, New York City. 
Such goods will be received and delivered only 
at the Forty-third street entrance of the build- 
ing, on and after February 4, 1897, where 
there will be on duty a receiving clerk, who 
will, immediately upon their arrival, send a 
printed notice to the space for which the goods 
are marked, but under no circumstances will 
goods be received on which there are charges 
of any kind. All crates and cases shall be un- 
packed as quickly as possible, and the empty 
crates and cases shall be immediately stored by 
the exhibitor in the space provided for that 
purpose. The Board will not be responsible for 
any loss or damage to goods consigned to its 
care. 

Care of Exhibits— Exhibitors must have their 
stands and exhibits cleaned and otherwise put 
in proper shape before 10 a. m. of each day. 
At no other time will any cleaning or arrang- 
ing of exhibits be permitted. 

Removal of Goods— Exhibits must be removed 
from the Exhibition by 5 p. m. on Monday, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1897. In case of default, the Board 
shall have the right to cause such removal, at 
the expense and risk of the exhibitor. 

Signs, Railings, Decorations, Etc.— Upon all 
exhibition spaces will be a platform six inches 
above the floor, and provided with suitable rail- 
ings, substantially built, two feet seven inches 
high, for front and sides, and a partition four 
feet high at the back, whenever necessary for 
the purpose of dividing spaces. There will also 
be erected an iron framework for the holding 
of signs, the bottom railing of which will be 
seven and one-half feet and the upper railing 
nine and one-half feet, respectively, above the 
floor, leaving twenty-four inches for signs, 
which shall not be deeper than three feet. 
Signs may protrude above the upper railing to 
the height of one foot, and shall not extend be- 
low the lower railing. No obstruction whatever 
will be permitted between the lower edge of 
signs and the upper edge of the partition. 
Cycles may be raised until their hubs are four 
inches above the front and side railings. At 
spaces numbered 1 to 10 inclusive and 147 to 156 
inclusive, the iron framework for the holding of 
signs will be placed on the aisle front. The ob- 
ject of this rule is to secure uniformity of space 
from four feet above the platform to the lower 
railing of the framework, so that an unobstrujted 
view may be had from side to side and end to 
end of the Exhibition floors. 

Arrangements of Exhibits— It is expected that 
all exhibitors will arrange their stands on Fri- 
day and Saturday, February 5 and 6, and must 
have their exhibits ready for the public by 6 
p. m. on Saturday, February 6, 1897. Each ex- 
hibitor shall provide, at his own expense and 
risk, for the carriage, expressage, unpacking 
and exhibiting of his goods. In case of default 
of the exhibitor in any of these particulars, the 
Board reserves the right to do the work and 
charge the exhibitor with the expense. No 
carpentry or other noisy work of any sort will 
be allowed after 6 p. m., February 6, 1897. 

Storage Space— Space will be assigned for 
each exhibitor for the storage of goods, cases, 
paraphernalia and other material connected 
with their exhibits. 

Smoking— No smoking shall be allowed where 
goods are unpacked or stored, and no smoking 
anywhere after 6 p. m. 

Removal of Goods During Show— Exhibits 
may be removed only after 11 p. m. on Satur- 
day, February 13, 1897, and the person in 
charge of the removal, or the customer to 
whom the goods may have been sold, will be 
required, if unknown to the doorkeeper, to 
present a written order from the exhibitor for 
the removal of the goods. 

Opening— The Exhibition will open on Satur- 
day, February 6, 1897, at 8 p. m., and on each 
day thereafter (Sunday excepted) until and in- 
cluding Saturday, February 13, 1897, at 2 p. m. 
The Exhibition shall close at 11 p. m. each day. 



Special Admission for the Trade — Any regu- 
larly qualified bicycle agent, manufacturer, ex- 
hibitor or employe of any of them will be ad- 
mitted to the Exhibition free of charge from 
9 a. m. to 1 p. m., by giving a card with his 
name, address and occupation at the Bureau 
of Information when entering. 

Admission — Admission to the Exhibition will 
be fifty cents. No extra charge for seats. No 
return checks. 

Special Rate of Admission— The following dis- 
counts will be allowed exhibitors on admission 
tickets: Twenty per cent on lots of 100; 30 per 
cent on lots of 200; 40 per cent on lots of 300, and 
50 per cent on lots of 500 and upward. 

Division of Profits — All exhibitors not in de- 
fault will participate, pro rata, according to the 
rental paid by them, in such share of the profits 
of the Exhibition as shall be hereafter de- 
termined by the Board. 

Penalties— Any exhibitor failing, without spe- 
cial permission by the Board, to properly occupy 
his space for twenty-four hours after the open- 



YOU CAN'T BEAT THEM. 

A clever American finding the steamship 
companies demanded $5 to carry his wheel to 
Europe, took the machine apart and placed 
it in his trunk. When he landed on the other 
side he opened his trunk, reassembled his 
wheel, stored his trunk with the steamship 
company to await his return home, and gayly 
rode off laughing at the discomfited steamship 
people. 

When he came to return he ordered his 
trunk sent to a neighboring hotel, intending 
to repack his wheel therein and once more 
get ahead of the steamer's people. He got 
his trunk, and with it a bill for $5 for one 
bicycle carried to Europe, and an intimation 
that the same amount would be demanded for 
returning the machine to America, whether 
packed in a trunk or elsewhere. That trunk 
carried no bicycle on its return trip. 















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ing of the Exhibition, or violating any of these 
rules and regulations, shall render himself liable 
to the forfeiture of the space and the cancel- 
lation of his contract and tickets of admission. 
In such case the exhibitor shall have no claim 
against the Board for damages or loss of any 
character, nor, in any case, for delay in opening 
the Exhibition. Forfeited spaces may be as- 
signed to other exhibitors, and the rental re- 
ceived retained by the Board, without liability 
to the exhibitor therefor, who under all circum- 
stances shall remain obligated to pay the orig- 
inal rent provided for, this sum being agreed 
upon as liquidated damages to the Board for 
the exhibitor's default. 



LOOKING AFTER THEIR OWN. 

Chief Conlin detailed two New York rounds- 
men to do duty on bicycles in plain dress. This 
is a new departure. The Central Office rounds- 
men have the right to go into any precinct to 
look for delinquent policemen, and the Chief 
believes that the men on bicycles in plain dress 
will be able to do much toward enforcing disci- 
pline among patrolmen. 



James R. Dunn, he who was twice president 
of the L. A. W., is now in charge of the Lit- 
erary Bureau of the Wheelmen's Department 
at the headquarters of the Republican Nation- 
al Committee in Chicago. 



POPULAR VERDICT. 
A Missouri debating society wrestled with 
the question, "Which is the more valuable to 
man, the ox or the horse?" The arguments 
on both sides were so able that the judges 
could not decide, until one of them induced 
the remainder to render a decision in favor 
of the bicycle, a verdict every one was pleased 
with. 



Charlotte Smith, who says bicycling is de- 
grading to women, weighs about 200 pounds 
and is, therefore, about half right. 



A coasting contest is being promoted in Bos- 
ton, to be run on September 17, open only to 
manufacturers and agents. 



44 



August 28, 



MACHINE VS. HAND WORK. 

Advantages and I,ack of Same When 

Machine Supplants Man in 

Mechanics. 

. America is the home of the machine tool. 
The demand for firearms in quantity during 
the Civil War did much to start in New Eng- 
land a system of mechanical working which 
has proven of vast benefit. It is not far from 
the truth to say that firearms were the first 
mechanical devices made on the interchange- 
able or duplicate plan, and when we figure up 
the losses and costs of the war we ought to 
put on the other side the advances in me- 
chanical arts brought about by the same 
war. 

Following the making of firearms came the 
introduction of sewing machines built in the 
same factories in several instances and by 
the same men and methods as were the fire- 
arms. Here was a machine fairly simple in 
construction, without precedent as to style, 
size or weight, a machine whose only require- 
ment was that it should do its work. Its 
increased speed rendered it economical, and 
the article sold, even at a very high price, so 
manufacturers had but to secure good de- 
signs and build in large quantities to reap a 
reward. The design did not of necessity 
change, because for the sewing machine 
there was no such thing as season or later 
patterns. This permitted the manufacturer 
to expend money for special tools, and when 
once equipped with special tools for doing the 
work he found that the cost of building the 
sewing machine became almost nominal — so 
cheap, in fact, were machines built that first- 
class ones were put on board the cars, crated, 
at less than $8 apiece. 

The successful methods of working estab- 
lished in the sewing machine factory began 
at once to extend to other clasess of work 
made in quantity, and when the safety bi- 
cycle reached a fairly permanent shape and 
was made in large quantity, tool and machine 
makers began to supply special tools for 
building its parts. 

It happens, therefore, to-day that nearly 
every bicycle factory in the land is equipped 
with special machinery, more or less auto- 
matic, adapted to do the various kinds of 
work required in the building of the cycle 
with an accuracy and a speed not to be found 
in the old methods of producing the work by 
skilled mechanics on a common lathe. It is 
true, however, that every rose has its thorn, 
and the new process is not without objection. 

The old process required a skilled man and 
took considerable time. Both of these feat- 
ures give reason for a high cost. Moreover, 
the product was more or less nearly correct 
according as the man was more or less skil- 
ful and careful. By the new process the ma- 
chine automatically does much of the work 
required by the man, and, in some cases, all 
of it. This saves, to a large extent, the cost 
of the man's services and removes to a large 
extent the uncertainty dependent upon the 
man's skilfulness or carefulness. 

At first thought it would seem that the new 
method was, without exception, better than 
the old, but this is not necessarily true. The 
machine is but a tool. It is the servant of 
its builder, and it cannot be superior to its 
builder, but if it is well made it can approxi- 
mate closely to the class of work which its 
builder could produce. 

In practice it is found that the machine will 
produce automatically work so nearly perfect 
that at the decreased price it is advisable to 
use the automatically made work. 

Take, for instance, the cones and cups of 
the bicycle. In most f ictories these are made 
on machines designed for that purpose, which 



machines are operated by a man usually of 
at least average skill. If his machine be ac- 
curately made, and if he is careful to keep 
it in its accurate condition by repairing it or 
adjusting it when needed, it will be capable 
of turning out fairly accurate work. He 
must, of course, use diligence in keeping his 
tools sharp and to shape, and reasonable 
care in such operations of the machine 
as he is called upon to make, and all 
things considered, he will secure much bet- 
ter results with the aid of the automatic ma- 
chine built especially for that purpose than 
he would secure on the common lathe. The 
saving of time will be very much in favor of 
the special tool. In the screw machine the 
stock is held in the chuck and revolved while 
being worked. In the lathe the chuck may 
be used or the work may be mounted on 
centres or placed on the mandril, which in 
turn is on centres, and while it is possible 
to adjust the lathe perfectly and possible to 
have a true mandril and secure perfect work 
thereon, there is just as much danger of the 
mandril being out of true or the chuck fail- 
ing to be properly centred and thus secure 
untrue work on the lathe. A possible excep- 
tion is in axles, which can be turned on their 
own centres and screw-threaded on the same 
if screw threads are desired. To secure ac- 



Morgan xWrightTjres 
are good tires 



OUR QUICK- REPAIR TIRE IS A 

GRAND SUCCESS - CATALOGUE 

TELLS ALL ABOUT IT 



Morgan & Wright 



curate work, however, requires an accurate 
workman, and, as before stated, the special 
machine is simply a tool; but it is an added 
help in the shop, and if the manufacturer 
is willing to expend the same care in produc- 
ing his parts by the use of the automatic 
machines that he would be compelled to do 
by the lathe process, he can secure just as 
good and probably b?tter work at a less cost 
on the automatic machine. 

To continue the illustration by means of 
bearings: It is an admitted fact that perfect 
work can be secured by grinding after tem- 
pering only. No matter how perfectly the 
article was turned, whether on the lathe or 
in the automatic machine, it is liable, and, in 
fact, almost certain, to warp when heated 
and tempered, and the only way to correct 
this error is to grind it after tempering, so 
that the process of turning does not enter 
largely if the future process of grinding is 
ample. It would, therefore, seem advisable 
under most circumstances to avail one's self 
of all the possible mechanical helps, so as 
to save in the cost of the article, and, if a 
superior article is desired, to spend the effort 
in the finishing processes rather than in the 
earlier forming processes. 

CHARLES E. DURYEA. 



ASSUMING A THANKLESS TASK. 

Michigan Looking for a Moses to I,ead 
It Out of the Wilderness of 
Apathy. 

Detroit, Aug. 24.— Detroit is to be in the field 
with a promising candidate for Chief Consul 
of the Michigan Division, L. A. W., the nomi- 
nee chosen to represent the League being Pres- 
ident Hines, of the Detroit Wheelmen. Mr. 
Hines is well qualified for the position of the 
division's chief executive, his redoubtable ef- 
forts toward the good interests of cyclists in 
general and his untiring zeal in raising the 
Detroit Wheelmen to its present high stand- 
ard from comparatively an unimportant club 
being well known. 

For the large number of wheelmen within 
Michigan's boundaries the division is wofully 
behind in point of membership. This fact may 
be justly attributed to the seeming inability 
of the present League workers to properly set 
forth to the large number of unattached the 
good benefits to be derived from being a mem- 
ber of this strong organization. The fact that 
League members are exempt from paying duty 
on their wheels upon entering Canada should 
prove a strong plea for recruiting purposes, as 
the League's members in Michigan are di- 
rectly .benefited thereby. 

It is true that the division has been prac- 
tically dead for a long time, and nothing has 
disturbed the slow-going monotony except the 
celebrated quarrel among the officials upon the 
surrender of the League's books several years 
ago. This uprising necessitated the presence 
of Secretary Bassett and others to act in the 
role of peacemakers for the warring factions, 
and the result was that an entirely new organ- 
ization, the "Knights of the Wheel," was 
formed, whose main purpose was' to act in op- 
position to the L. A. W. The Knights, how- 
ever, became disheartened at their task, and 
after a short and uneventful career disbanded. 
After this incident nothing of importance has 
been heard from the division's officials except 
at the election period and in the spring, when 
circulars were received requesting the pay- 
ment of dues, none of the members knew for 
what, and in this latter particular it is safe to 
say that not over two-thirds of the members 
in Michigan are aware who the Chief Consul 
is or whether the State laid claim to any. 

Mr. Hines, as vice-consul under the present 
administration, is undoubtedly aware of the 
chief's duties, and by declaring for good roads, 
outlining a vigorous campaign against the 
transportation companies who charge excess 
baggage rates for bicycles, and by promising 
at some future time to compile a road book, 
can secure the necessary votes for choice, and 
at the same time the hearty good-will and co- 
operation of Michigan Division members whose 
present text is, "What do I get for my dollar?" 



IMPROVED PEDAL FOR 1897. 
The Cycle Improvement Co., of Westboro, 
Mass., make their announcement with regard 
to the 1897 "Janney" pedal. It is improved, 
and they claim for it perfection, from three 
several standpoints. 



CUT-THROAT TACTICS. 

There is a lively war among the Alameda, 
Cal., dealers who rent wheels. One firm re- 
duced the renting price from 25 cents to 15 
cents ner hour, or two hours for 25 cents. 
The other cycleries quickly fell to the cut- 
rate, and one man has gone them one better 
by renting his wheels for 10 cents an hour. 
There is so much competition that one or two 
cycleries have announced their intention of 
quitting the business before winter. 



1896 



45 


















WORLD'S MILE COMPETITION RECORD BROKEN 

TWICE IN ONE WEEK BY 

MR. JAY EATON, 

THE INDOOR KING, 



WORLD -RACER. 

MILE INDOOR RECORD COMPETITION, 2.10, on an eight-lap track. 
Eaton also won Four Firsts at Nashville, Tenn. 

AT THE COLISEUM, CHICAGO, 

Eaton again First in every race, and lowers the MILE RECORD to 2.07 — 
Unpaced Standing. 








Mr. J. W. PARSONS, Australian Champion, 

on a " World Racer," lowers the World's Record Flying to 2.01, and J^-Mile to 1.29, indoors. 




AGENTS WRITE US. 





ARNOLD, SCHWINN & CO., 

PEORIA AND LAKE STREETS, CHICAGO, ILL., U.S.A. 



OR- 
DISTR1BUTING AGENTS : 



E. K. TRYON, JR., & CO., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, So. New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. 

H. B. SHATTUCK & SON, Boston, New England States. 

HOOKER & CO , San Francisco, Pacific Coast. 

GEORGE L. SEAGER, Des Moines, la., Iowa. Kindly mention The Wheel. 









*« 



August 28, 



THE OUTLOOK AS IT IS. 



An Observant 
Aspect 



New 



Trade Student Puts 
Upon This Important 
Question. 

Probably there is no more travelled or expe- 
rienced man in the parts end of the bicycle 
business that George Brandenburg, president 
nt the Iven-Brandenburg-Burgess Company. 

Mr. Brandenburg has been rounding up the 
trade all over the country, but particularly in 
the AVest, recently, and his impressions of the 
outlook for '97 business are necessarily of 
much value just as this time. 

THE "WHEEL man who conversed with Mr. 
Brandenburg was agreeably surprised at his 
views, which, in comparison with those of 
many of the principal men in the business, are 
optimistic. 

Dealing with the overstock in the trade and 
its disposition, Mr. Brandenburg said: 

"Thorough acquaintance with the position 
of nearly every manufacturer in the country 
convinces me that there are not in the entire 
country to-day, both in made-up wheels and 
in loose stock over 100,000 wheels to be car- 
ried ever. The disposition of these goods is 
easy to foresee; they will undoubtedly be 
marketed as '97 seconds. In fact, I do not 
know of but one factory in the country to-day. 
whatever its policy in the past may have been, 
that will not nest year have a second model. 
The effect or lack of effect that this class of 
goods, name-plated with the title of concerns 
which in the past have made exclusively high- 
priced bicycles, will have on the output of 
medium-grade factories is a subject of specu- 
lation. 

"As to the 'buying season,' " said Air. Bran- 
denburg, "it seems to me that the effect upon 
it of the political situation has been extremely 
exaggerated. Naturally a Presidential year 
retards business; equally there is something 
of a feeling that the election of Air. Bryan will 
unsettle business generally, and make values 
so uncertain as to cause hand-to-hand buying 
and cash settlements, but, as I have said, the 
newspapers' conception of this feeling is exag- 
gerated. The manufacturers this year will 
buy their material, all in all, considerably 
later than last season, but that is a natural 
outcome of the '96 season. That fully as many 
machines will be made in '97 as were made in 
'96 is pretty generally admitted by every sensi- 
ble man. 

"The reason why manufacturers are not 
buying extensively now is that they realize 
that it is not so necessary to secure in advance 
their material as it was last year. This is a 
fact there is no gainsaying; and yet, in the 
realization of it lies a danger which is not 
ordinarily apprehended. TVhat I mean is that 
the man who defers ordering his. material un- 
til November or December forgets that he is 
but one of a good many others intending to do 
the same thing, and that when he and the 
other fellows do want their goods they will 
want them in a big hurry and all at once. The 
logical result will be that the parts-makers 
will be crowded to their utmost, not only on 
such late orders, but on previous contracts, 
and somebody will suffer. I think it is a mis- 
take for the manufacturer to assume that the 
parts trade will be in a position to supply him 
with his material all offhand. I can answer 
for our own concern at least when I say that 
we certainly shall not make preparation to 
supply that quantity of goods in December. 
January and February; that we would, if we 
had a greater number of guaranteed con- 
tracts. That's merely business. 

"Personally, I believe, to put it in figures. 
that possibly 25 or 35 per cent of the manu- 
facturing trade of the country are ordering 
now such goods as they must have of a cer- 
tain factory. I think that within the next 



thirty days perhaps 35 or 40 per cent of the 
entire cycle material orders will be placed. 
The balance will follow more or less slowly. 
Every day that passes makes the political sit- 
uation less influential with the average manu- 
facturer. He knows there will be a large de- 
mand for bicycles. He knows he has got to 
have stuff to make them with; he knows that 
if he delays ordering too long he may suffer 
materially on deliveries, and he knows, which- 
ever way the election goes, there will at least 
be some basis of values. Every day I come 
across a man who has decided to go ahead 
without reference to the political situation 
and its possibilities, and the number of such 
men will rapidly increase in the very near 
future, if I am any judge of the trade and its 
plans, and I believe I am in a much better 
position to be a judge thereof than many of 
those who are now proclaiming from the house- 
tops what their opinion of the trade's outlook 
for '97 is." 



STAMPED PERFECT. 
As the season advances each day brings 
forth some new and cleverly constructed de- 
vice in sheet-steel stampings. Bottom brack- 
ets, head connections, fork crowns, etc., are 
shown, the mechanical construction of which 
is almost beyond the layman's belief. 




To take a piece of flat sheet steel and fash- 
ion out the finished product ready to place to- 
gether without so much as touching it with a 
file shows a wonderful ingenuity in metal- 
working that has only been arrived at by con- 
stant experimenting and by a thorough knowl- 
edge of the subject. 

The illustration shows a new rear fork end 
that has just been put on the market by the 
H. A. Matthews Manufacturing Company, 
Seymour, Conn., and while the drawing seem- 
ingly belies it. yet it is made from a single 
piece of flat metal. Economy of construction 
is followed out to the last degree, as can be 
seen in the straplike depression under the 
word "for," which can easily be threaded to 
take the set screw. Another point that is 
claimed is for the cut-out tube lugs; by this 
device the spelter in a given quantity can be 
packed in and made to hold, and yet on the 
application of heat it is in such a position that 
insures a perfectly free flow. Many other 
stampings are shown by the Matthews Com- 
pany, and all of undoubted merit. 



ENCOURAGING MILE-MAKERS. 
As a bit of encouragement to those riders 
who like to pile up mileage. Morgan & Wright 
make the following offers: For the greatest 
mileage made during '96 on one set of M. 
& W. tires, rider to make his own repairs. 
rirst. $100 trophy; second. S45 overcoat: third, 
one set of tires. Full information concerning 
these and other valuable prizes can be found 
in the M. & W. catalogue. 



CYCLOMETER VARIATIONS. 

Why the Figures on the Dial Exceed 

Those Claimed by the 

Mapmaker. 

There are few cranks like those who have 
chosen the bicycle for their crank love. Xo 
matter how mild a crank a man or a woman 
may have been in other directions, once they 
transfer their enthusiastic affections to cy- 
cling, and their former crankisms are mild 
almost to nothing by comparison. 

Not long since one of these ultra-enthusi- 
asts drifted in and began narrating his cy- 
clometrie woes. He said that he had bought 
cyclometers of various makes, tested them 
on a lathe, found them accurate, and yet 
when he used them on a road and compared 
their registering with the mileage shown by 
accurate maps, the cvclometer invariably 
registered a greater number of miles between 
points than the map said existed. 

To such persons as the above an explana- 
tion of the variance between the miles shown 
by an accurate cyclometer and the one 
claimed by an equally accurate map may be 
found along the following bines: 

It is obvious that any deflection of the 
pneumatic tire of the steering wheel will in- 
crease the number of revolutions in the mile, 
and thus disturb the record of the cy- 
clometer. A 2S-inch wheel is twenty-eight 
inches only when blown as tight as a drum, 
and not pressed by any weight. How great 
the deflection is must depend on the tightness 
of the tire; and as some cyclists ride with a 
softer tire on the steering wheel than others, 
no cyclometer can ever be adapted for all 
riders. Few, if any pneumatics are ever 
ridden much within half an inch of nominal 
circumference. The writer has found, by 
measurement, that the tire on the steering 
wheel of his own bicycle (a 2S-inch wheel) is 
just 27% inches when being ridden. One 
fifty-sixth of a mile is about 31% yards; so 
that the cyclometer will register 1,791% 
yards per mile, and fifty-seven miles for fifty- 
six ridden. 

But there is a further consideration. A 
mile measured on a road is a mile in a dead 
straight line along the centre of the road, and 
any deviation from the straight line adds to 
the distance ridden. The deviations of an 
ordinary rider are greater than at first sight 
would be expected. In a road ten yards in 
width, a crossing and recrossing in thirty- 
five yards will add about two yards. Of 
course the amount of deviation must vary 
from mile to mile; but taking into considera- 
tion the passing and meeting of vehicles, 
taking the best piece of the road, zig-zagging 
up hill, and avoiding stones and other ob- 
stacles, the cyclist on an average road will 
add about twenty yards to each mile he 
traverses. In a town or thickly populated 
district the deviations will be greater. Add 
these to the thirty-one and a half yards, and 
you have a total of fifty-one and a half yards 
per mile — or practically 1 in 34. 

To make the cyclometers more accurately 
show the distance traversed, no better sug- 
gestion for securing accuracy can be made to 
obviate over-registering of cyclometers from 
causes like the foregoing than that they 
should be made as if for wheels half an inch 
lower than those they are to be used on. The 
other matter may be left alone. If the cy- 
clometer is correct in showing the actual dis- 
tance traversed, that is all that is wanted. 
If the foregoing is right as to the average 
deviation, a cyclist will have ridden 100 miles 
by cyclometer on a road which only measures 
ninety-nine by milestones: but he will have 
ridden a full hundred all the same, and there 
is no reason why he should not have the 
credit of it. 



.8 9 6 



47 




HARD TIMES 




are reported to exist in bicycle circles, 
and particularly with dealers. It may 
be strange, but is nevertheless true, that 
we receive no such comp'aints from our 
agents, which state of affairs furnishes 
food for reflection. It is a fact, that 



AMERICA 



agents do not find it necessary to carry 
over from season to season, a stock of 
wheels, which is accounted for by the 
always existing demand for tlie " truss 
frame " wheel. This is explained by the 
workmanship and material we put into 
our goods, "than which there is none 
better" and few equal. 




GENERAL DISTRIBUTING AGENTS. 

K B. Emery & Co., Boston, Mass. 

Union Nut & Bolt Co., New York City. 

E K Tryon, Jr., & Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

House & Herrmano, Wheeling, W. Va. 

H L. & E. E. Hunt, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Penn. Cycle Co., Erie, Pa. 

Francis J. Hewes, Rochester, N. Y. 

Geo. H. Terry, Oswego, N. Y. 

A. C. Anderson & Co., Toronto, Ont. 

Adams & Hart, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Ray M. Hewitt, Detroit, Mich. 

W. B. Holton Mfsr. Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

J H. Fall & Co., Nashville, Tenn. 

Khea. Elton & Thelens, Peoria, 111. 

R. J Boswell, St. Louis, Mo. 

Aultman, Miller & Co., Dallas, Tex. 

Bradley, Wheeler & Co., Kansas City, Mo. 

David Bradley & Co., Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

David Bradley & Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Bray Bros., Cedar Rapids, la. 

Mathews Implement Co., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Serrano & Zozaya, City of Mexico, Mex. 

Keen & Delanr, Chicago. 



AMERICA CYCLE MFG. CO., 



71-79 Fulton Street, CHICAGO. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



4 8 



August 28, 



THE STORY OF A SUCCESS. 



How Syracuse Became Famous in the Trade 

Through the Progressiveness of 

One Concern. 

Mention Stearns, and the mind at once 
couples the name with Syracuse; it has spread 
the fame of Syracuse the world over, and 
were the average schoolboy asked for its geo- 
graphical location the chances are that the 
answer would be, "Where the Stearns bicycle 
is made." 

In 1892 the makers of "The Yellow Fellow" 
were newcomers in the trade, and at the 
show held in Philadelphia that year exhibit- 
ed a few wheels that for beauty of design 
and elegance of finish attracted universal at- 
tention. Since then their progress has been 
rapid. Broad, persistent and liberal advertis- 



sistant superintendent, and the gentleman 
who is to be intrusted with the management 
of the new factory at Paris, THE WHEEL, 
man made a tour of the Stearns plant, and 
the visit proved not only interesting, but in- 
structive. The handsome offices, where over 
half a hundred clerks are always busy, were 
first inspected; two green baize-covered doors 
lead into the private offices of Mr. Stearns 
and Mr. Maslin, each furnished in a manner 
that well becomes the successful man in 
business. 

On the same floor the purchasing agents 
and superintendent, with their respective 
clerical forces, are quartered behind glass 
partitions; near by the designing-room- with 
its corps of skilled mechanics and draughts- 
men, who labor six days in the week endeavor- 
ing, if possible, to make the Stearns bicycle as 
near perfect as human ingenuity and mechan- 
ical education will allow. 



Down another set of stairs and the inspec- 
tion-room is reached. There each piece is 
carefully examined and the least defect is 
cause for its consignment to the scrap heap, 
but by far the greater space on this floor is 
taken up by the manufacture of handlebars, 
front forks, seat posts, etc. 

On the fourth floor is the saddle and pedal- 
making department, and in a separate wing 
the working of metals is dropped for a few 
moments to inspect the wood rim plant. It 
seems odd to step from the greasy floors of 
the machine-room directly into sawdust 
ankle-deep, but E. C. Stearns & Co. were 
among the pioneers in the wood-rim business, 
and in the early days offered their surplus 
stock to the open market. 

A birdseye view of the third floor is inter- 
esting. It is filled in with immense auto- 
matic machines, whirring shafting, clattering 
tools and a horde of the busy workmen giving 
an air of industry that must be seen to be 
appreciated. Much of the machinery used is 
of special design, and the manner in which 
it performs its tasks makes it appear almost 
of human intelligence. 

The floor below is the shipping-room, while 
the basement is devoted to the storing of 
surplus stock; here are also located two pon- 
derous presses of immense power, which 
punch out at one blow sprocket wheels from 
stock a half-inch thick. 




ing, strict attention to the many details of 
business and a keen foresight into the future 
soon brought the erstwhile infant to the very 
front rank of cycle manufacture. 

E. C. Stearns and H. E. Maslin were the 
master hands, and they guided their craft 
with subtle skill. They were among the 
very first to enamel their product a bright 
hue, and this was turned to an excellent ac- 
count; the novel title of "The Yellow Fellow" 
soon became a byword wherever the bicycle 
was used. 

As in all else there had to be a beginning, 
and it was small. E. C. Stearns & Co. were 
well known fixtures in the hardware trade, 
and it was in a corner of their hardware es- 
tablishment that the original "Stearns" bicy- 
cle first saw the light of day. Like the "lit- 
tle peach" of the song, the factory grew and 
grew, so that to-day, on the banks of the 
Onondaga, almost in the very heart of Syra- 
cuse, they can point with pride to one of the 
most complete bicycle plants in the country. 
With the possible exception of tires and 
handlebar grips, everything that goes into 
the composition of the modern bicycle is 
made right on the premises, and the visitor 
is at once impressed with the care with which 
everything is inspected and the absolute ac- 
curacy observed in the smallest details. The 
arrangement of the various departments is 
superb. There is no unnecessary shifting of 
the work, every one in the vast establishment 
seems to work in unison and as perfectly as 
the huge automatic machinery that has made 
American mechanics the wonder of the world. 

Standing as it does some little distance 
from the street, the size of the plant is hard- 
ly apparent, but crossing a little wooden 
footbridge that spans the Onondaga Creek, 
the long line of towering wall gives an excel- 
lent idea of the space within. The approach 
is picturesque, a clean-cut building on one 
hand and a row of trees bordering the path 
on the left; even on the outside the same 
orderly system is carried out that makes the 
interior arrangement such a model one. 

Under the guidance of A. W. Perry, the as- 



) Visfo between the buiidif\»s] 



jfcxfrtriWnfei Pe>r R.F.P^>hw^] 



An elevator carries one to the top floor, 
where can be seen the dressing up of the 
black frames and forks in the yellow color 
that has given the wheel its nickname; a 
most complete chain-making plant occupies 
a corner of the immense floor, arid as in the 
other departments the utmost care is exer- 
cised to gain the most perfect accuracy in 
every link 



A tour of the grounds was also made. En 
route their system of making gas was ex- 
plained. The entire plant is protected from 
fire by Grinnell automatic sprinklers, and in 
addition their entire force of workmen has 
been organized into smaller fire departments, 
and at regular intervals drilled in the work 
necessary in case of fire. 

E. C. Stearns & Co. have another factory 
in Toronto from which they supply the Ca- 
nadian trade, and now active preparations 
are being made to carry the work further 
into the enemy's camp by establishing still 




Floor number seven is devoted to the nick- 
elling department, and a short flight of stairs 
reveals an animated scene, 250 men being en- 
gaged in assembling the wheels and in the 
brazing-room; the brazing is done entirely by 
means of naphtha gas made on the grounds. 



another plant in Paris. That it will not be a 
success no one thinks for a moment; good 
American pluck accomplishes wonders, and 
no doubt ere long "The Yellow Fellow" will 
be as well known to the European market as 
it is on this side. 



1896. 



49 




Victories at Louisville. 

Tom Butler, Mile Champion. W. E. Becker, Five-Mile Champion. 

Tom Butler, Half-Mile Champion. 



The First Day-Professional. 



Mile, 215 Class, 
Mile Open, 

Mile Handicap, 



Quarter-Mile State Championship 

Two. Mile Handicap, 

Half Mile Open, 
Half-Mile Championship, 



Newhouse, first, 

E. C. Johnson, second, 

Tom Butler, first. 

Nat Butler, third. 

Nat Butler, first, 

Acker, third. 

E. C. Johnson, fifth. 

The First Day— Amateur. 

Middendorf, second. 



Bornwasser, third. 
Dupre, second. 
Peabody, fourth. 
McKeon, second. 
Bornwasser, third. 



The Second Day— Professional. 

Mile National Championship, Tom Butler, first. 

Mile Tandem, - - - Butler Brothers, first. 

Mile Open, - - - Tom Butler, third. 



Two-Mile Open 



The Second Day— Amateur. 

Peabody, first. 
Eberhart, fourth. 
McKeon, fifth. 



Two-thirds Open, 



Peabody, fifth. 



The Third Day— Professional. 

Five-Mile National Championship, j g^B^tlerT^'hirca. 
Half-Mile National Championship, Tom Butler, first. 
Two-Mile Handicap, - - Eaton, fifth. 

The Third Day— Amateur. 



Mile Handicap, - 

Two-Mile State Championship, 
Mile, 2.30 Class, 

Mile Open, - 



Bornwasser, fourth. 

Dupre, third. 

Dupre, fifth. 
( Samberg, second. 
< Bornwasser, fourth. 
( Peabody, fifth. 



Tom Butler was the hero of the meet, and the easy way in which he ran away from Sanger, Cooper, Bald, 
Gardiner and the other cracks was a startling revelation to everybody. Butler says there are no tires like Palmer 
Tires for speed. Becker also showed Tommy Cooper how to win a long-distance race. 

Palmer Tires Took the Cream of the Meet 

without the aid of an expensive team. 

Palmer fabric helped do the business. It beats the world for speed. We put it in all styles of Palmer Tires — no 
specials. Twice as expensive— twice as good. 



The Palmer Pneumatic Tire Co., 133-135 S. Clinton St., Chicago. 

For prices address : SELLING AGENTS, THE COLUMBIA RUBBER WORKS CO., 66 Reade St., New York, and 159 Lake St., Chicago. 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



5° 



August ,8 



TRADE CHANGES. 



CONNECTICUT. 

Fair Haven— N. D. Coe, of No. 208 Blatchley 
avenue, has invented a combination rim and 
tire for bicycles, made of wood five-sixth of an 
inch in thickness and one inch wide. Instead of 
being concaved it is flat. The whole rim is cov- 
ered with aluminum bronze which will not rust, 
and the tire consists of a series of steel springs 
fastened to the rim at equal distances. 

Hartford— The plant of the Holt Manufactur- 
ing Company is to be started up at its old lo- 
cality at Colt's Armory, under the superintend- 
ence of William C. Brown, as soon as the requis- 
ite tools can be made. 

ILLINOIS. 

Chicago— The Napoleon Cycle Company, re- 
cently closed down owing to its inability to 
make settlements with creditors, will resume 
operations. 

Elgin— The Elgin Sewing Machine and Bicycle 
Company has closed on account of lack of 
funds to pay employes. 

INDIANA. 

Hobart— O. P. Nelson is contemplating the es- 
tablishment of a factory here for the manu- 
facture of bicycles. 

Jefferson — Work is progressing rapidly on the 
new bicycle factory in Louisville, of which 
Messrs. Eaken and Weber, of this city are di- 
rectors, and the wheels will soon be placed on 
the market. 

Lafayette— The Lindsay Bicycle and Manu- 
facturing Company held its annual meeting and 
elected the following officers: President, George 
C. Lyon, of Providence, R. I.; vice-president, F. 
B. Shepard; treasurer, T. A. Warner; secretary 
and manager, T. J. Lindsay. The directors are 
George C. Lyon, F. B. Shepard, T. A. Warner, 
T. J. Lindsay and John Allen. 
KENTUCKY. 

Louisville— The Albion Company has sued the 
Hamilton Cycle Company for $10,000 for breach 
of contract. 



MICHIGAN. 
Bay City— The National Cycle Manufacturing 
Company are building a large addition to their 
cycle factory. 

FIXED FOR BREAKDOWNS. 

„ / 




Speedway is a believer in the motor vehicle 
as the conveyance of the future, but in the 
present, that he may always feel safe from 
having to walk home, he has his motor car 
equipped in above fashion. 



MISSOURI. 
Liberty— A. P. Wymore, bicycles, reported to 
have given real estate mortgage for $350. 



St. Louis— Shepherd Manufacturing Company, 
bicycles, reported sued for $110. 
NEW YORK. 

Brooklyn— The Zimmerman Cycle Company 
has been incorporated with the following di- 
rectors: J. F. C. Zimmerman, Richard Perry, of 
Brooklyn, and Kenneth H. Grieve, of New York 
City. To deal in bicycles and tricycles. Capi- 
tal stock, $10,000. 

Buffalo— W. & P. Armored Tire Company, 
manufacturers, reported to have given judg- 
ments for $135, -$87, 125 and $78. 

Buffalo— The Queen City Cycle Works, at 
Idlewood, seized by Sheriff on an attachment 
for $4,000 issued by J. Walter Thompson, of New 
York. 

OHIO. 

Canton— The Berger Manufacturing Company 
is pushing to completion a new building 20x60 
feet in size, in which will be manufactured the 
Gerber patent lock joint steel tubing for bi- 
cycles. 

Toledo— The trouble afSnell's bicycle works 

between Mr. Snell and his employes has been 

settled and it is expected that the works will 

start up again in a short time. 

OREGON. 

Portland— The Portland Cycle Company has 
been incorporated by F. K. Masters, H. E. 
Woods and W. L\ Latimer to deal in bicycles in 
Oregon, Washington and Idaho. Capital stock, 
$3,000. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Greenville— The Greenville Tubing Company, 
a new company, will be located here shortly. 

Hamburg— Motes & Raubenhold have con- 
tracted to erect an addition to the Wilhelm Bi- 
cycle Works. 

Philadelphia— The Cashmore-Greenhalgh Cycle 
Company, bicycles, reported to have given 
judgment for $875. 

WEST VIRGINIA, 

Wheeling— The Brilliant Pipe and Tube Works 
Company have made an assignment. 
WISCONSIN. 

Milwaukee— Gimbel Bros, have purchased the 
entire stock of the bankrupt Moore Cycle Com- 
pany. 

Rice Lake— Putrow & Britzman, formerly of 
Phillips, have opened a bicycle store in the 
Boddington Building. 



Automatic Frame Finisher. 

It will save YOU time and money. 




For particulars address, 



DRAPERY FIXTURE CO., - Worcester, Mass. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



SHE BEITZ 



AUTQMC1TIC... 
BICrCLE LOCK 



Always ready; only a small flat key to carry; weighs 
four ounces, and makes an attractive fixture to the wheel. 




PATENTED. 



MAILED TO ANY ADDRESS ON RECEIPT OF ONE DOLLAR. 



The Deitz Cycle Lock Company, 

AQUEDUCT BUILDING, 
ROCHESTER, N. Y. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Price List to Dealers. 



i8 9 6 



5' 



THE JANNEY FOR '97. 

Barrel Hub. 

Velvet Dust Shield. 

No Loose Cones or Check Nuts. 











M 



e V* e 






o Q / 




^ sl T^ 



■pe* 



fcjcX 



tf* 



ALL REQUIREMENTS FOR A PERFECT PEDAL FULFILLED. 
SEEING AND TESTING ARE PROOF. 

CYCLE IMPROVEMENT COMPANY, 

WESTBORO, MASS., U. S. A. 



Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



52 



August 28, 



WHERE ART AND ABILITY ARE ALLIED. 

Very few manufacturers can boast of so 
trim a plant as the Spalding & Pepper Com- 
pany, Chicopee Falls, Mass. The exterior is 
very pretty from an architectural standpoint, 
while the interior finishing in hard woods 
show the taste of some one with an eye for 
beauty, as well as utility. On every hand are 
evidences of thorough system, while a general 
air of cleanliness pervades the whole establish- 
ment, which can leave nothing but a good im- 
pression on the chance visitor. 

Of course the Spalding & Pepper Company 
make rubber tires, and on a recent call from 
THE WHEEL man they expressed themselves 
as being more than pleased with the record 
made by their tires in the Manhattan Bicycle 
Club's coasting contest on August 15, when 
they took two places out of the first four 
wheels that decided the winners. 

Four distinct types of tires are made by them 
— a single tube of great resiliency and wearing 
qualities being their leader; then their punct- 
ure-preventing tire, one of the best of its class, 
is highly satisfactory in certain sections, while 
those who prefer the detachable variety have 
a choice in either the F. C. Smith or the G. & J., 
which they manufacture under a license. 

The Spalding & Pepper Company have just 
Issued a neat little brochure describing their 
product at length, which should prove inval- 
uable to those interested, and which can be 
had for the asking. To quote from this little 
book, "Our purpose is to make only high-grade 
tires, and as we have skilled help in every de- 
partment, with a competent superintendent of 
large experience, and use only the best ma- 
terials, both fabric and rubber, we believe the 
production of our factory will be first-class in 
every respect." 



HAVE THE RIGHT IDEA. 

One of the Milwaukee concerns which felt 
the heavy hand of trouble has recovered, and 
in reorganized shape means to prove a con- 
siderable factor in the business next year. 
The Moore Cycle Company has been suc- 
ceeded by the Moore Standard Bicycle Com- 
pany. They are in possession of all the left- 
over stock of the old concern, which they 
say they are closing out at sacrifice prices. 
In '97 the new concern will have the Moore 
bicycle on the market, and state it is their 
purpose to maintain the grade and to sell at 
popular prices. Regarding the future they 
say: 

"We have confidence in the future of this 
business, believing that manufacturers with 
capital and experience will succeed. The fail- 
ures and collapses are due to lack of capi- 
tal and injudicious advertising with expensive 
racing teams, as well as general depravity 
in credits. We think there is cause for con- 
gratulation that the present demoralization 
in the market came early and with emphasis, 
because it makes a clear sky after the storm." 



GETS A GRIP ON THE NUT. 

From a very small beginning the Springfield 
Drop Forge Company, Springfield, Mass., has 
grown to proportions that entitle them to a 
place among the leaders in their line. This con- 
cern's steady progress has been a silent trib- 
ute to the excellence of the work produced. 
They are putting on the market a bicycle 
wrench which has much to recommend it, be- 
ing light in weight, yet withal of exceeding 
strength, and with jaws thin enough to grasp 
a bolt or nut in a very narrow space. Crosby 
& Mayer, of Buffalo, are general sales agents, 
and the Springfield company's output should 
prove a valuable addition to this already com- 
plete line. 



AIMED HIGH AND SCORED. 

Four years ago, in Aurora, which is little 
more than a suburb of Chicago, the Aurora 
Automatic Machinery Company was estab- 
lished. The concern was small, but it aimed 
high; that is, at the production of only the 
very highest class of goods. They found a 
ready market for their wares, with the re- 
sult that last year a large and fully equipped 
factory replaced the smaller affair. The 
building is fitted throughout with automatic 
and special machinery necessary for the mak- 
ing of their several specialties. Each depart- 




President Alex Levedahl. 

ment is distinct in itself, the product of each 
being given the most careful inspection pos- 
sible. 

Of their several specialties the "Thor" Hub 
is decidedly the best known. It became 
widely known last season, and will be in 
even greater demand during 1897. In ad- 
dition to the hub a great variety of oil cups, 
bearing parts and spoke ties were manufact- 
ured. For the latter article the Aurora peo- 
ple have designed a special machine for their 
attachment to the spoke, which, they say, 
is a great labor-saving device, and which be- 
fore long they expect to place in all the 
larger factories. 




Secretary-Treasurer C. E. Erickson. 

Among their '97 models is a two-piece 
crank and axle, which, in connection with an, 
attachable sprocket, they believe will prove 
one of the greatest improvements of the com- 
ing season. 

The mechanical end of the concern is in 
charge of Mr. Levedahl, a particularly bright 
man in his field. The proper construction 
of the bicycle has been a pet hobby, and aim- 
ing at its improvement has long been upper- 
most in his mind. The Aurora specialties are 
the result. The business management is in 
charge of Secretary-Treasurer Erickson, who 
devotes his entire time to the management 
of the details. 



RAINBOW-HUED ENAMELS. 

Anything black, for bicycle purposes, at 
least, seems to be at a discount in Syracuse, 
for while thousands of wheels are annually 
made there, with scarcely an exception they 
are all enamelled in some fancy color, and 
so thoroughly has each particular shade be- 
come identified with the various makes that 
this feature is as distinctive a mark, and in 
many cases more so than the individual 
nameplato. The manufacturers seem to have 
fostered the idea, and to-day Syracuse streets 
and roads, with their many-hued machines 
skimming about, form a decidedly kaleido- 
scopic picture. 

First came the Stearns with a few yellow 
framed wheels. It was an experiment which 
seemed to strike the popular fancy, so much 
.so that it is now their stock color and their 
phrase "The Yellow Fellow" was made pos- 
sible. 

The fad spread, and when the Syracuse 
was launched it was arrayed in a covering so 
crimson that even Stephen Crane in his bold- 
est inspirations could conceive nothing more 
vivid. 

Then came the Barnes with white, a nice, 
pure white, a color that has brought both 
fame and profit to its inceptors, and made 
the name of "White Flyer" a catchy and ap- 
propriate phrase. 

The Frontenac was next, and many won- 
dered what its complexion would be; a pretty 
russet brown it proved; a good summer color, 
you'll say; and it was soon nicknamed "The 
Russet Wheel." 

The Empire was the next product of Syra- 
cuse skill, and some wag had it that in cater- 
ing to the Hibernian taste it was made green. 
However, it looks very pretty and the Irish 
national color still holds its own. 

Having red wheels and white wheels, it was 
absolutely necessary to have one in blue, so 
the Tourist was built, and the supremacy of 
good Old Glory upheld, while the Dodge add- 
ed its mite by coming out in olive, a trifle 
modest, yet pleasing to the eye. What will 
the next born be? is the question. The pri- 
mary colors are exhausted, so for a sugges- 
tion: Let it be purple — the color of kings. 



CORRECTIONS AND EXPLANATIONS. 

In relation to the coasting contests table 
published in THE WHEEL last week, the 
Overman Wheel Company writer that they 
have positive information that all Victor 
wheels in the contest were fitted with Victor 
tires instead of New York tires, as published. 
The table was compiled from the replies 
given to the various inquiries by each con- 
testant. 

The company also state that one of their 
riders, H. L. Howard, was not allowed to 
qualify in a second heat, although he easily 
qualified. In preference to this, the officials of 
the contest state that Mr. Howard's name 
was sent to the clerk of course as having 
qualified, but that he did not respond to his 
name when the second heat was started. 



FOR LEATHER TIRES. 

The Graf Manufacturing Company is re- 
ported as incorporated. in New York City to 
manufacture bicycles, tires, etc., with a capi- 
tal of $100,000. The directors are Andrew 
Graf, Brooklyn, and Michael J. Fenton, 
George H. Carpenter, George Pretz and Henry 
J. Lemaire, New York. Mr. Graf is the in- 
ventor of a leather tire, which the company 
will manufacture. 



CLOSED DOWN. 

Elgin., 111., Aug. 19.— Because of inability to 
borrow money to pay employes, the Elgin 
Sewing Machine Company's bicycle factory 
has closed indefinitely, throwing 150 men out 
of employment. 



i8 9 6 



53 




Kindly mention The Wheel. 



54 



August 28, 



LIABILITY OF EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYE. 

A workman does not assume a risk, where 
he merely knows there is some danger, with- 
out appreciating it. 

An employer is bound to use reasonable care 
to see that machinery used by his workmen is 
in proper condition. 

The mere fact that a workman received an 
injury raises no presumption of negligence on 
the part of his employer. 

Where an employe sustains injury by the 
combined negligence of a fellow-workman and 
his employer the latter is liable. 

An employer cannot delegate his duty to 
provide his workmen with proper means, fa- 
cilities and appliances for doing his work. 

A workman does not assume the risk of in- 
juries from a latent defect in machinery, be- 
cause his opportunity of discovery of it is the 
same as his employer's. 

An employer is bound to give notice of lat- 
ent dangers among which the employe is re- 
quired to work, and of which the employer 
has knowledge or should have had knowledge. 

A person entering the service of another as- 
sumes all risks naturally incident to that em- 
ployment, including the danger of injury by 
the fault or negligence of a fellow-workman. 

The mere fact that an employe was careless 
in doing a certain piece of work does not show 
that he was a reckless and incompetent work- 
man, whom it was negligent to employ or keep. 

"Where a workman knows that the appli- 
ances with which he works are defective, and 
he does not complain to his employer or rep- 
resentative, of their condition, he assumes the 
risk of their use. 

The mere fact that a manufacturer hires an 
unlicensed engineer to run his boiler does not 
render him liable to other employes for per- 
sonal injuries caused by the explosion of the 
boiler. 

An employer is not required to use the most 
improved kinds of machinery in his factory. 
It is sufficient that the machinery was rea- 
sonably safe and suitable for the purpose for 
which it was used. 



STRICT GERMAN PRESS LAW. 

Price cutting, bargain counter practices and 
personal advertising would all suffer in 
America if a new German law was to go into 
force here. 

The German law makes it a penal offence 
to compare prices, in public advertisements, 
with those of a competitor; to use the firm 
name or device of a competitor in a mislead- 
ing manner; to induce an employe of a com- 
petitor to disclose any information which may 
have been confided to him; to retail certain 
goods contrary to agreement with the manu- 
facturer, etc. 

Penalties range from six months' imprison- 
ment to a fine of 3,000 marks. Editors and 
publishers, as well as printers of newspapers, 
periodicals and circulars, become liable as 
well as the authors of offences against the 
new law. 



C. H. Lamson, the original designer of the 
present League badge, and an inventor of 
several cycle improvements, as well as a 
rider of the wheel for nearly twenty years, 
last week at his home in Portland, Me., gave 
a public exhibition of a flying machine upon 
which he has labored for several years. The 
trial trip was successful, the machine soar- 
ing to a height of 600 feet while carrying a 
man-shaped dummy weighing 150 pounds. 



There never was a dealer who found it 
difficult to be generous to a fault — when the 
fault happened to be in the wheel he was sell- 
ing. 



FIXING CRANK-BAR BREAKS. 
Although the average bicycle repair shop 
keeps a goodly supply of "extras" on hand, 
there are so many different types of wheels in 
use that cyclists are constantly coming in 
with a machine to be fixed which is quite dif- 
ferent in some respects to any which extra 
parts are on hand for. Consequently there is 
need of repairing the fractured part. There 
are many different styles of fastening the 
pedal-bar to the crank shaft. One somewhat 
odd kin'd is shown in Fig. 1, in which the shaft 
A is bevelled and the crank made to adhere 
firmly by the pressure of the nut B. A rider 
brought in his wheel recently with this nut 
broken off, as shown. We remedied the fract- 
ure by drilling a hole into the shaft and cut- 
ting a thread for the set screw, C, as shown in 
Fig. 2. A washer, D, was inserted and the 
job proved strong and efficient. 




rid- 9 



FtC- JO 



Great Britain during July exported $5,000, 
000 worth of cycles and parts thereof. 



•Some cranks are screwed on, in which case 
they may snap off, as indicated by E in Fig. 3. 
Such a break may be repaired by making a 
new head, G, cutting down the shaft, F, to the 
shape presented and fastening the new head to 
this by means of the key H. Another case was a 
the shaft by a key. A key loosened, and to make 
it hold the owner put a thin piece of tin, 
A, alongside, as indicated in Fig. 5, in which 
B is the key. In driving the key home the ex- 
tra thickness of tin caused the crank bar to 
break at the shoulder. The wheel was brought 
in and the shoulder of the crank fixed, as il- 
lustrated in Fig. 6, in which the strip of soft 
steel, C, was tightly moulded around the shoul- 
der, as shown, and held in position securely 
by means of rivets. A new key, a trifle larger 
in proportion, was then substituted for the 
original key, and the job was complete. 

The pin method of holding a crank bar to the 
shaft is quite popular, and answers all pur- 
poses, but, like everything else in the mar 
chinery line, will at times give out. The re- 
pairer of bicycles has frequently to contend 
with this type of union in cases where the 
head of the pin, D, has broken off, as pre- 



sented in Fig. 7. The difficulty is to get the 
remainder of the pin out. It is screwed in, as 
a rule, and sticks fast. About the quickest 
way to get the broken piece out is to bore two 
small holes in the end in which to insert a 
double-pointed instrument the shape of E in 
Fig. 8. Then put on the wrench, F, and the 
broken pin may be turned out and a new one 
put in. 

An unusual method of connecting the 
crank bar to the shaft is exhibited in Fig. 9, 
yet there are wheels enough of this kind to 
make it an object for repair folks to be famil- 
iar with the most efficient process of effecting 
a repair in case the stud breaks off, as marked 
at A. Even down the nut, bore a hole into it 
about the right size to receive a new stud 
such as is indicated by B in Fig. 10. The man- 
ner of securing this stud in place so that it 
cannot turn is by inserting the key, C. Such 
a way of fixing these studs when they break 
off is lasting and satisfactory. G. D. RICE. 



TESTS WHICH TELL A STORY. 

Chicago, Aug. 22. — H. S. Edgerly, manager of 
the Wood Rim Department of Theo. Kundtz, 
of Cleveland, Ohio, visited this city last week 
to get in close touch with the Chicago manu- 
facturers who are using and propose using 
Kundtz rims. He has closed some very good 
business in Chicago for his concern, and out- 
side of the city as well. Every one knows the 
Kundtz rim, but few people know that its 
maker is also the largest cabinet manufacturer 
in the United States and has been so for very 
nearly a lifetime, which in itself should, be 
something of a recommendation. 

One of the chief accomplishments of Mr. 
Edgerly's trip to Chicago was to make an ex- 
cellent showing for the Kundtz rim made in 
the G. & J. style for G. & J. tires. The Rambler 
people are very careful in the selection of their 
material and apply to very nearly everything 
used a quality and strength test. In the case 
of wood rims for G. & J. tires the strain is 
especially intense on the top side of the rim. 

Six Kundtz rims were tested at the G. & J. 
factory, and the average rim gave way at 187 
pounds, the highest at 230 pounds, and the low- 
est at 155 pounds, which is surely marvellous, 
particularly since the company guarantee that 
the rims used were in every way stock goods. 
The six different rims stood the following in- 
dividual tests: 230 pounds, 180 pounds, 200 
pounds, 185 pounds, 170 pounds, averaging as 
stated above 187 pounds. 

BACK TO COLT'S. 

The plant of the Holt Manufacturing Com- 
pany, at Manchester, Conn., is to be started 
up at its old location at Colt's Armory, Hart- 
ford, as soon as the requisite tools can be 
made and the various parts to manufacture 
Hendee's Silver King bicycles, under the 
superintendence of William C. Brown. For 
the past three years these parts have been 
made for the concern in England. The com- 
pany has assurance of orders for about 5,000 
machines, which will tax the factory to its 
utmost capacity. 



FERRACUTE AND VERY CUTE. 
Frederick F. Smith, secretary of the Ferra- 
cute Machine Company, Bridgeton, N. J., sailed 
for England on Saturday in search of foreign 
trade. The firm makes a specialty of fitting 
cycle factories with presses, dies and other 
machinery, and is at present fitting up three or 
four large outfits for cycle factories. Their 
works are being run to their fullest capacity at 
present. 



Advertising is to a new article in the wheel 
trade what letters of introduction are to a 
man in a strange city. 



1896. 



55H 




The Barnes Flushjoint 



is being closely copied in the 1897 Models of the leading 
makes of bicycles as the fear of infringement upon our 
patents will permit. 

That's Right! 

We set the style. We cannot vouch for the quality of other wheels 
than THE BARNES, but if they are copied after our Models, their style 
will be pretty nearly correct. 

THE BARNES FLUSH JOINT is no longer an experiment. Those 
of other makers may be. 

THE BARNES CYCLE COMPANY, 

SYRACUSE, N. Y. 






THE ELM WOOD CYCLE CO., No. 57 Park Place, New Yobk City, 
Agents for New York, Brooklyn and Long Island. 

THE DARRAH CYCLE CO., No. 933 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Agents for Philadelphia. 



Kindly mentis n Tht Wheel 



5* 



August 28, 



PATENTS GRANTED. 

565,880. Bicycle.— Sylvester E. Cleveland, Harri- 
son, 111., assignor to Delos W. Barningham, same 
place. Filed June 21, 1895. Serial No. 553,595. No 
model. 

565,904. Propelling Mechanism for Bicycles or 
Similar Machinery.— Thomas Kerker, St. Paul, 
Minn., assignor of one-third to Rudolph F. Ber- 
reau, same place. Filed September 21, 1895. Serial 
No. 563,172. No model. 

566,004. Bicycle Garment.— Elizabeth F. McCart- 
ney, New York, N. Y. Filed May 14, 1896. Serial 
No. 591,487. No model. 

566,023. Locking Bicycle Support.— Augustus C. 
Saxton, Bethel, Conn., assignor of two-thirds to 
George A. Kinner, same place, and William E. 
Temple, Danbury, Conn. Filed December 6, 1895. 
Serial No. 571,264. No model. 

566,027. Bicycle.— Charles J. Seymour, Brookline, 
Mass., assignor of one-third to William W. 
Carter, Boston, Mass. Filed August 1, 1895. Serial 
No. 557,811. No model. 

566,053. Bicycle.— Andrew Benson, Chicago, 111., 
assignor to the Chicago Stamping Company, 
same place. Filed November 18, 1895. Serial No. 
569,244. No model. 



566,068. Adjustable Handle for Bicycles.— Olive. 
S. Erb, Boyertown, Penn. Filed April 28, 1896. 
Serial No. 539,415. No model. 

566,071. Bicycle Support.— William K. Flatt, Du- 
luth, Minn. Filed April 20, 1896. Serial No. 588,289. 
No model. 

566,083. Bicycle Attachment.— Herman Leine- 
weber, Chicago, 111., assignor of two-fifths to 
Sigmund Freudenberg, same place. Filed No- 
vember 25, 1895. Serial No. 570,113. No model. 

566,113. Pneumatic Tire.— Ernest W. Young, 
Austin, 111., assignor to the Morgan & Wright, 
Chicago, 111. Filed August 8, 1895. Serial No. 
558,584. No model. 

566,147. Automatic Lubricator for Bicycles- 
Frank Delia Torre, Baltimore, Md., assignor of 
one-half to Edward Hammond, same place. Filed 
March 6, 1896. Serial No. 582,128. No model. 

566,201. Bicycle.— Alexander H. Mackinnin and 
Stuart M. Gage, Seattle, Wash. Filed January 30, 
1895. Serial No. 536,741. No model. 

566,247. Bicycle Tire.— Charles T. Thompson, 
Philadelphia, Penn. Filed December 17, 1895. 
Serial No. 572,388. No model. 

566,275. Bicycle.— John W. Mclntire, Chicago, 111. 
Filed March 8, 1895. Serial No. 541,021. No model. 

25,951. Bicycle Seat.— William W. Wilkinson and 



John Dixwell, Boston, Mass. Filed July 13, 1896. 
Serial No. 599,055. Terms of patent fourteen 
years. 

25.952. Bicycle Saddle.— William A. Hulbert and 
Milan H. Hulbert, New York, N. Y. Filed Feb- 
ruary 28, 1896. Serial No. 581,213. Term of patent 
seven years. 

25.953. -Handle-Bar for Bicycles.— Frederick C. 
Rockwell, Hartford, Conn. Filed June 16, 1896. 
Serial No. 595,798. Term of patent fourteen years. 

25,955. Bicvcle Spoke Wrench.— Leonard B. 
Worden. Middlesex, N. Y. Filed June 23, 1896. 
Serial No. 596,653. Term of patent seven years. 

28,955. Bicycles.— Alpheus Fay and John Mc- 
Nab, Cincinnati, Ohio. Filed July 22, 1896. Es- 
sential feature, the word "Cable." Used since 

2*8/799! Bicycle Chains— Indianapolis Chain and 
Stamping Company, Indianapolis, Ind. Piled 
July 21 1896. Essential feature, the symbol known 
as a "diamond." Used since April 15, 1896. 

28 800. Bicycle Saddles.— Dickson & Beaning, 
Indianapolis, Ind. Filed June 22, 1896. Essential 
feature, the words "The Best" in script type, 
with an upward and extended flourish from the 
letter "B" and a paragraph from the letter "t ' 
extending under the whole. Used since October 

'28,80i. Compound for Closing Punctures in 
Pneumatic Tires.— The Eagle Chemical Com- 
pany, Findlay, Ohio. Filed July 23.J.896. Essential 
feature, the compound 
Used since April 1, 1896. 



word "Puncture-Nit. 



RECENT PATENTS. 




adjustment, a cn „. h connecting tlio hubof thi 
in .uppori, and derice. for holdiDg lhe „.?,„.!„! longitudinal 
nb.tanti.il), a. described. ting , h , ft , , b,unti.ll, a. •pecifi.d. 



s 9 6. ywmmm. 57 



Hn Imporlaql Decision oi (lie L. H. Mf. 



••••.'•"•. -!••:: ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: :•• 

••V.V; 




<*i 



• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••a ••••♦• . . •."••••*> 

• •••••••••••••••••••••••a* •••••••• • *. ♦. V» 



>••• •••••• 

6 always the subject of much in- ##211 



••••• 
••••• 



••••• 
•••••• 

•••••• 



T 

I terest. Every week Mr. Gideon's 

bulletin is scanned anxiously by #•••• 

thousands of cyclists ; yet it is much #•••• 

•'••••• easier for the cycling public to dis- #••!! 

.'!*" S cern a good reliable wheel — one that #•••! 

*•••• outshines all competitors — than to #*!*! 

!!"»* solve the difficult amateur question. ••••• 

••*!•• CRIMSOM RIHIS have win- Hill 

'•••••• ning ways; moreover, they breed #••!* 

!!•«* champions. Careful construction has •••*> 

'!!•!« earned its reward, and no diversity 

'•*•••• °f opinion on this point exists. 

'.'.Ill* Be wise ! Ride a SYRACUSE 

• '•••O and see how it seems to be in the lead. 



•••• 
•••• 



M 




?A. 



••«•.'.■ ..aaaZ* •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• •!,,... *.*.•«•• 

•• •• •••••• • ••••••••••••••••••••••*•• «.••••• •••••• *•••«• 

•••V.'. /::•••" •••3. /•:••• 

•y/s i V«> •••V:: •>> 



There is but one Crimson Rim — It is the Syracuse* 



Metropolitan Representative: ^ Southeastern Distributers: 

GHAS. J. STEBBINS, (•) SUPPLEE HARDWARE CO., 

No. 103 Reade St., New York. ? Philadelphia, Pa. 

J- J> .^Manuf actur ct sJ>J> J> 

SYRACUSE CYCLE CO., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



58 



August 28, 



CHILLS NO JOINTS. 
"The only gravity brazer on the market." 
This is what the Enterprise Machine Works, 

of Hichmond, Va„ claim for their Enterprise 

brazer, illustrated herewith. 
It is a furnace of the high compression type, 

and may be operated by one person and with 

any size of foot pump, no air tank being neces- 




sary. It can braze any class of work in any 
position; the automatic burners can be placed 
at any angle. Chilling of the joints is said to 
be out of the question. The furnace is espe- 
cially adapted for shops where the gas supply 
is weak, and can be attached to one-quarter- 
inch gas connection. The flames are regulated 
to any size by automatic stopcocks, and are 
arranged to do any class of soft or silver 
soldering, and it is also constructed so as to 
be used for forging and tool dressing, and for 
tempering and case hardening. 

It is built very substantially of steel and 
wrought iron; no cast iron is used in any por- 
tion of it. The price of the brazer complete, as 
shown in cut, without pump, is $25, from 
which there is a good discount to the trade. 
The brazer is in use in several of the leading 
bicycle factories; in one shop it was used last 
month for ten hours each day, and consumed 
but $3.3U worth of gas. 



THE THORNY PATH OF LAW. 

Washington, D. C, Aug. 18.— In the equity 
case of the George L. Thompson Manufactur- 
ing Company, of Chicago, against Joseph A. 
and Charles E. Thorn, the complainants to- 
day filed an amended bill of complaint. The 
first-named defendant, it is charged, was, un- 
til recently engaged in the bicycle business 
under the firm name of the Thorn Manu- 
facturing Company, and recently made an as- 
signment, naming the second-named defend- 
ant, his brother, as assignee. The company 
claims that Joseph Thorn is indebted to it in 
the sum of $1,014 40, and that he has ab- 
sconded from the District to evade service 
and his creditors. The appointment of a re- 
ceiver is asked, and the removal of Charles 
Thorn as assignee. 



SAME CITY, DIFFERENT CONCERNS. 
The Omaha Cycle Company, whose name 
inadvertently became mixed with that of the 
Ar-Sar-Ben Company of the same city, is not 
the concern against whom suit was recently 
reported to have been brought" for $279. The 
Ben being the company reported to 
have been sued, 



BALL GRINDING CASE. 

Among the many improvements which are 
being shown cycle manufacturers is the '97 
pattern ball case grinder illustrated herewith. 

This machine was put on the market some 
years since, at the time when the attention of 
manufacturers was being turned toward the 
subject of grinding their bearings. Since that 
time some changes have been made in the de- 
tails of the machine, but no such radical de- 
partures as are shown in this pattern. 

In the old machine the cups and cones were' 
held in a three-jawed chuck, which was slow 
to operate. The drawback chuck on the new 
machine is arranged to hold split collets of 
various sizes within its capacity, and these are 
fitted at the factory to cups and cones fur- 
nished by the bicycle-maker. One movement 
of a lever serves to tighten or loosen the chuck 
as desired. 

The revolving head shown in the centre of the 
bed has a taper hole, into which fits a specially 
designed chuck so arranged that hubs may be 
held by the barrel or by the flange. If but one 
emery wheel is used, the head is swivelled half 
way round when one bearing is ground, in or- 
der to grind the bearing at the other end of 
the hub. Sometimes two emery wheels are 
used, one at each end of the hub, in which 
case it is not necessary to revolve the head. 
This revolving head was formerly driven by 
a belt, but it is now propelled by a friction 
wheel shown in the rear, and which is caused 
to engage with the head by a lever shown in 
front, which actuates a cam wheel on the back 
of the machine. 

The emery wheel slide rest was formerly 
made so that the spindle moved back and 
forth by means of a lever. This exposed some 




bearing surfaces to the action of emery dust. 
The present device of causing the whole rest 
to move on protected slides by means of a rack 
and pinion movement gives very much better 
results. 

The revolving head and the emery wheel 
spindle are both equipped with ball bearings 
accurately ground. This permits a very high 
speed to the emery wheel without heating, and 
gives a better chance to protect the bearings 
from the entrance of emery dust. 

The above description will be sufficient to en- 
able any one interested to understand by 
means of an examination of the drawing the 
method of operating the machine. The makers 
state that they have sold nearly 200 of these 
machines to cycle manufacturers in the United 
States, France, England and Germany. This 
machine, together with a complete line of 
grinding and polishing machinery, is made by 
the Diamond Machine Company, of Provi- 
dence, R. I. 



The Welivar Manufacturing Company, of 
Phillipsburg, Penn., which recently embarked 
in the manufacture of bicycles, have placed 
with the Davis & Egan Machine Tool Company 
their order for an entire equipment of tools, 
including hub machines, engine lathes, mill- 
ing machines, drill presses, shapers, etc. 



WANTED BY AGENTS AND REPAIRERS. 

A steam vulcanizer is the latest production 
of the Gormully & Jeffery Mfg. Co., a number 
of which are being operated at the various 
branches of the firm, with good results. The 
machine is designed to affect a saving to 
agents and repairers. By its use any break in 
the tire, no matter how serious, may be re- 




paired easily, making the tire almost as good 
as new, at little or no expense. Some of the 
features of the vulcanizer are compactness, 
light weight, and the fact that the heat which 
is applied to the rubber is a steam heat, which 
can be readily applied and regulated. The 
vulcanizer is adapted to both single and double 
tube tires, and sells for $12.50. 



CHANCE FOR CHINESE TRADE. 

The Peking (China) University, an educa- 
tional institution conducted under the au- 
spices of the American Methodist Mission, 
has recently opened in one of its buildings a 
museum which it is proposed to devote large- 
ly to the exhibition of foreign machinery and 
mechanical appliances. This museum is vis- 
ited daily by increasing numbers of people 
of the better classes, and the authorities 
would be gjad to receive and exhibit working 
models, photographs or drawings of ma- 
chinery and inventions, or specimens thereof, 
such as bicycles and tires. Each exhibit 
which may be presented to them will be 
marked in Chinese, with the name and ad- 
dress of the maker, together with the de- 
scription and price if desired, and a capable 
translator will explain their use to inquirers. 

Correspondence on this subject and articles 
for exhibition may be sent to the Peking 
University, Peking, China, or to Charles H. 
Taft, treasurer of the Peking University, No. 
78 William street, New York City, and under 
an arrangement with the I. M. customs will 
be imported to China free of duty. 



A new hub machine that, it is claimed, will 
form, drill and cut off 100 rear hubs in ten 
hours is being marketed by the Davis & Egan 
Tool Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, who say they 
now have orders on their books for this ma- 
chine from England, France, Denmark, 
Sweden, Canada and quite a number in the 
United States. They report an exceptionally 
good foreign business in cycle machinery. 



The most uncomfortable man in the world 
to get along with is he who will not acknowl- 
edge that you know more about a wheel than 
he does, 



With the installation of their new Corliss 
engines the Shelby Steel Tube Company, 
Shelby, Ohio, will have power and plant suffi- 
cient to turn out not less than 2,000,000 feet 
of tubing each month, 



1896. 



StH 1896 




35 



ails rmrleT' 



= 




Copyright, 1896, by F. P. Prial. 

PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY. 

F. P. PRIAI., Proprietor. 



Publication Offices: 

88 W. B'way, New York. 
Post Office Address : 

Box 444, New York. 



Western Offices : 

£34 Monad nock Block, 
Wheel Phone: Chicago. 
No. 3775 Cortlandt. 



Cable Address: "Prial," New York. 

Subscription, $2.00 a year. Single Copies, 10c. 
Foreign Subscription, 20s. a year. 

ORDERS FILLED BY ALL NEWSDEALERS. 

Advertising.— The Wheel has the largest and 
the broadest general circulation among cycle 
riders, the cycle trade and kindred trades. 
Advertising rates on application. 

Editing and Managing Staff. 

F. P. Prial, F. A. Egan, R. G. Betts, 

J. J. Prial, W. D. Callender, W. V. Belknap, 

T. I. Lee, L. Geyler, J. W. Holman. 

A. T. Merrick, Illustrator. 

Notice to Advertisers. 

WHEEL ADVERTISERS are notified that change of 
advertisements is not guaranteed, unless copy is received 
by Saturday morning. 



TO FOREIGN INFORMATION SEEKERS. 
Owing to the number of inquiries received 
from abroad in regard to the status of Ameri- 
can firms, THE WHEEL announces that it 
will give to all such inquiries the most care- 
ful attention, and all foreign merchants de- 
siring advice or information regarding Ameri- 
can trade are invited to correspond with THE 
WHEEL. 



THE CHAINLESS CHANCES. 

THE item published exclusively in THE 
WHEEL of August 28, to the effect that 
the Pope Company intended to make a chain- 
less "safety" for 1897, has caused considera- 
ble interest among the trade. This interest 
has been increased by the statement of the 
Pope Company's representatives that the 
story was, in the main, correct. It is true 
that this company will place on the market 
a bevel-geared "safety," but it will not, as a 
matter of fact, be their leader. The "Colum- 
bia" will be their leader. The Pope Com- 
pany do not believe it advisable to turn from 
that which has been tried and not found 
wanting to a wheel built on lines radically 
different from the ordinary type of "safety." 
Their judgment is, of course, sound. No 
other policy, in fact, could have been pur- 
sued by them. 

The trouble has been in the past to get 
proper machinery to make bevel gearing. 
Tiie machinery for making the gears is now 
being designed for the Pope Company, and 
they will carry a chainless "safety" in their 
1897 line. 

It is the opinion, as THE WHEEL has be- 
fore stated, that the chainless "safety" is 



the next logical step in bicycle construction, 
and there is no doubt that the Pope Company 
think their new model will, in time, and be- 
cause of its merit, become their leader. 



GOLD THAT GLITTERS. 

THE large influx of foreign gold from Eu- 
rope, England in particular, is going to 
be of twofold benefit to the American cycle- 
maker. Its first and most direct effect will 
be the restoration of confidence, and suc- 
ceeding this a much-needed easing up of the 
tightness in the money market, with a con- 
sequent renewal of mutually profitable rela- 
tions between the banks as lenders and the 
trade as borrowers. In this particular gold 
importations will have a direct and favoring 
influence upon the entire trade of this coun- 
try, in which the cycle portion thereof will 
be equal sharers with all the rest. 

Another and, perhaps, little understood 
benefit will be that experienced by that por- 
tion of the trade — now an extremely large 
one, by-the-by — which has established foreign 
connections, or is contemplating doing so. 

In Great Britain there has been going on 
for two or three years a gigantic speculation 
and inflation based upon a bank rate of 2 per 
cent and a discount rate in the open mar- 
ket of less than 1 per cent. Now, with the 
certainty that thirty or forty millions of gold 
must be shipped to this country in the next 
two or three months, and with the possibility 
of a great deal more following upon Mr. Mc- 
Kinley's election, it looks very much as if the 
end of the prolonged period of cheap money 
were in sight. What effect this will have on 
some of the flimsy booms that have taken 
place in floating British cycle companies at 
enormous figures is easy to foresee. 

The bubble will be pricked; paper capitali- 
zation will come down to a solid-money and 
much-decreased basis, and the consequent 
flood of English machines made and sold at 
any price will at once receive a decided check. 
This will give the Americans the chance they 
seek and will enable them to meet the British 
maker on his own ground with equal chance 
of winning. 

Your British maker is a cautious individ- 
ual, when the stakes in the game of finance 
must come from his own pocket. Entirely dif- 
ferent is he from the plunging gentleman 
who has been playing table stakes with the 
millions of the British public which have 
lately been showered upon him with such a 
lavish hand. 

Always used to fighting for success with 
the sinews of war taken from his own 
treasure chest, the American manufacturer 
will be in a position to make the war he 
has carried into Africa an exceedingly lively 
affair, with the British makers playing the 
unpleasant role of Africans. 

To the maker with suitable wares to sell 
and a determination to dispose of . them 
abroad, wherever a satisfactory markel for 
them can be found, a profitable markel Eor 
his goods can be found in the transatlantic 
markets. For Um trade buccaneer, he who 



lack flag bearing the motto, 
"Anything to get the money," only failure 
more pronounced than he has experienced at 
home awaits him abroad. The laws of trade 
are in every way more strictly drawn and 
adhered to in foreign markets than they are 
in our domestic ones, and the buccaneer will 
be wise unto his generation and kind if he 
appreciates these facts and refrains from at- 
tempting raids upon the cash boxes of the 
foreign trade. 



OUR GUARDIANS ON WHEELS. 



WE WERE among the first to urge the or- 
ganizing of a cycle squad among the 
members of the Metropolitan police, declar- 
ing then, as we do now, that the changed 
conditions of city traffic due to the popularity 
of the wheel, and the many advantages of the 
machine itself for police use, demanded that 
cognizance of it should be taken by police 
authorities. 

We have no fault to find with the idea of 
cycle policemen to-day; they are a distinct 
advance over the pedestrian brand of blue- 
coat; they are abreast of the times and a 
part thereof; they are a power for good and 
should be increased in numbers and improved 
by discipline. It is of the latter we would 
speak. Mistaken kindness is fast making c f 
the cycle policeman something neither his 
friends nor originators would have him be. 
His craniological development is exceeding 
the caput covering capacity of his cap; he is 
afflicted with an accute attack of elephan- 
tiasis of the brain box; in plain English, he is 
sorely stricken with an aggravated dose of 
big head. In a laudable desire to encourage 
the cycle policeman, the press and his official 
superiors have praised and humored him un- 
til he has grown to look upon himself as a 
sort of cycling Jove on wheels. From an or- 
dinary every-day member of the police, he 
has become a swaggering masher, a boaster, 
a challenger, a seeker after cheap notoriety, 
an officious, meddlesome maker of mischief. 

When this gentleman finds no violator of 
the law handy for his advertising-seeking 
purposes an innocent rider is as liable to ar- 
rest as a guilty one. We know of a num- 
ber of such cases, but one will be sufficient 
for an example. A rider who had punctured 
his tire was perforce slowly riding to a repair 
shop. The policeman rode past him, waited at 
a corner in advance of the rider and arrested 
him, charging he was riding at eighteen 
miles an hour, a charge the judge sustained 
and fined the rider for being guilty of. The 
policeman had not seen his name in print 
for two whole days, and some one had to 
suffer therefor. The rider in question filled 
the bill and paid the cost thereof. 

Women are in many cases made to suffer 
from the obnoxious attentions of the pedal- 
ling policemen. Thinly veiled under the li- 
cense their position and uniform afford them 
these gentlemen of the force too frequently 
take occasion to address and annoy such 

women as are \\ Ithout the protection ol theh 
escorts. Naiuraii.\ these annoyances arc not 



i6 



September 4, 



made public, since no refined woman cares to 
have her name connected in the public prints 
with such men or their methods, but the evil 
exists and is constantly growing worse. 

With all due admiration for the cycle police- 
man, his usefulness and the public's rights 
both demand that a sterner hand be at once 
employed in controlling him. Policemen are 
not and should not be racers; they should 
not be mollycoddled by their superiors, nor 
have their importance unduly magnified in 
the daily papers. So long as they do their 
duty, and do it thoroughly, they are deserv- 
ing only of such praise as is given to any 
man who, well paid, gives a fair return to his 
employers for the money he is paid. Only 
this and nothing more. 

There are some natures on which the be- 
stowal of too much praise or the elevation to 
any unusual prominence acts as a cause for 
instant deterioration. The cycle policeman is 
evidently one of this very numerous class. 
He has swollen out of all semblance to his 
former humble self, and the- time has come 
when his inflated importance demands in- 
stant puncture if his friends and supporters 
would prevent an ultimate explosion and col- 
lapse. Will the Police Commissioners look 
into the case of the cycle policeman and pre- 
scribe a remedy, or will both of these be left 
for the public and the press to attend to? 



THE OLD ORDER CHANGETH. 

MANY wheelmen refer regretfully to the 
"good old days," when every fellow 
bowed to every other fellow and when cy- 
clists loved their bicycles. In the good old 
days no wheelman was afraid to confess 
that he frequently carried his full-nickelled 
"ordinary" up to his sleeping apartment. This 
great care of and desire for proximity to the 
"steel steed" was due partly to love and 
partly to fear. The poet of those days best 
described the feelings of the pioneers of ped- 
alling when he said: 

Genteel, 

On my wheel, 
I sit. 

The vulgar mob may flit 
Below; 
They go 

Unheeded by, 

And, as they fly, 

I, 

Mounted high, 
Sit, 

Turning with toe or heel 

My wheel. 
Under the old order, a young man who took 
to bicycle-riding was mourned as past re- 
demption. One of the first things he did, in 
order to enjoy his Sunday ride, was to give 
up church-going. This procured for him the 
hall-mark of Satan. In many families there 
is no doubt that many a fine and able-bodied 
wheel was foully dealt with over night by 
members of the bedevilled one's family. 

Outside of that, there is no doubt that the 
"tall" wheel did inspire a certain species of 
affection in the heart of its owner. The tall 
wheel had lines of life which the "safety" 
has not. The sailing vessel and the boat 
have life; most easy chairs have life, whereas 
the wooden settee has none. It js the art- 



ist-designer who puts into inanimate things 
that quality of human-beingness which draws 
us to them. It is lack of art that produces 
things which are plain and characterless. 
They have no vitality. The "safety" bicycle 
is a machine, pure and simple, though a cer- 
tain class of oversentimental people do retain 
a sort of love for the bicycle which sup- 
planted the "ordinary;" but it requires a 
pretty good wheel and a very soft heart to 
produce the state referred to. The "safety" 
is mechanical. It suggests power, not grace. 
But if it does not imbue in its rider the af- 
fection of those other days of cycling, it 
makes up for its non-sentimentality in a 
thousand-and-one practical and valuable 
ways. 



NEEDED REFEREE REFORMS. 

Now that the League membership promises 
to top-notch the 100,000 high-water mark, 
with cycling broad and deep everywhere, it 
seems time that the present primitive way of 
refereeing a meet should be abandoned. It 
seems time that the referee should not be 
something lower and meaner than a baseball 
umpire. Despite the present status of racing, 
the referee's life has been made more miser- 
able this year than ever. The thanks for 
this are largely due to the Racing Board. A 
racing man of any talent whatever prac- 
tically laughs in his sleeves at the Racing 
Board. They reinstate old offenders, and per- 
mit new offenders to pass unrebuked. The 
referee has no redress. There is nothing be- 
hind him; he stands alone. Having no cer- 
tain penalty, he has no certain power. 

Perhaps the referee's life might be made 
less miserable if, instead of one, there would 
be three referees appointed at a meet— three 
stewards, so-called, whose decisions would be 
absolute, except as provided for in the rac- 
ing rules for the usual appeal; but whose 
decisions in all matters respecting eye-judg- 
ment and the actual facts connected with the 
race should be final, and who would have 
power to impose an immediate and unre- 
versible sentence. Decisions would then 
carry more weight. It would not be the opin- 
ion of one man, but of an official body of 
men, and the "ballyragging" which is now 
bestowed on one would be divided among the 
three. 

Reform in this direction is inspired by the 
fact that one member of the Racing Board 
—a Western member— refuses to referee any 
race meet. An additional reason is afforded 
through the fact that during the last sea- 
son referees of respectability and firmness 
and calibre, who will not sway with every 
passing breeze and wilt with every calam- 
itous howl, have thrown up their positions 
and refused to even finish off a single day's 
race meet. 

The Racing Board should stop playing 
marbles, and should make music with the 
spheres. The music should sing a song which 
means certain punishment for all who break 
rules, and for all who are guilty of loaferish 
conduct within the racing inclosure. 



There seems to be a well-defined attempt 
on the part of certain people to force the St. 
Louis member of the League Racing Board 
to resign. Without going into the petty de- 
tails of a somewhat discreditable affair, it 
seems Mr. Robert is charged with the high 
crime and misdemeanor of too strictly en- 
forcing the rules of the Board of which he is 
a member. We cannot see the justice of pun- 
ishing a League official for his zeal in en- 
forcing the very rules he was appointed to 
enforce. If nothing rnpre serious than this 
can be alleged against Mr. Robert, we sin- 
cerely commend his determination not to be 
driven out of his office by any clique or cabal 
who may not like the rules of the League, 
rules, by the by, Mr. Robert is in no wise 
any more responsible for than are the other 
members of his Board and those of the Na- 
tional Assembly. 



It is stated that not a few American makers 
have endeavored to stock their companies in 
London. One or two among the best of them 
have had offers from stock jobbers and pro- 
moting syndicates. But, on the other hand, 
not a few of them have received the "cold 
shoulder." The cycle stock quotation bubble 
appears to have burst. All the money of the 
uninitiated seems to have been absorbed so 
that there is very little chance of floating 
foreign corporations. ' 



Among the cleverest of foreign stock pro- 
moters are numbered two men whose names 
have figured prominently in the biggest of the 
late flotation schemes. It was their idea to 
make a combination of the four biggest 
American companies and to work up a gi- 
gantic stock corporation; but for this reason, 
and that reason, and the other reason, the 
combination could not be made. 



Colonel Pope's idea is that the horseless ve- 
hicle shall eventually be the pleasure and the 
freight-carrying vehicle of the future. The 
motor, however, must be of the right kind. In 
Paris they are a familiar sight. The motor 
vehicle can carry four times as much as the 
average American express wagon, and it is 
economical and effective. 



This is a time for seed sowing on the part 
of the manufacturer, and he should not be 
discouraged even if the trade crops are not 
quite as spontaneous as he has grown used 
to having them be. 



There is a sneaking opinion that there is no 
element in the Racing Board which inspires 
in racing men that peculiar respect and fear 
which Raymond inspired for himself when he 
was the Pilot. 



A man can be two kinds of a referee. He 
can be firm, and be cursed, or be shilly- 
shally, unsuspecting, unobserving, indecisive, 
spongy and smiling — and be a regular good 
fellow. 



i8 9 6. 



27 



UDDER TALK. 

"Speaking of ladder climbing, top rungs, 
ups and downs and all those sort of things, 
how's this?" said Gardiner, as he once more 
sat himself upon the rung of honor, a position 
he has held longer than any other climber 
this season. "Thought I might just as well 
get a little leeway, you know, before the 
Springfield scramble, because it's liable to 
come in right handy around the time you 
make up the next ladder. Guess you'll hardly 
know this ladder after the climbers on it get 
credited and debited with their Springfield 
wins and losses." 

"Just resting," said Cooper, settling him- 
self comfortably on the second rung. "What's 
the use of tiring yourself all out this week 
with the work we've got cut out for us at 
Springfield? Don't you think I don't know 
what I'm about! I'm an old hand at this 
ladder game, and let me tell you It's just the 
same with climbing as it is with racing — the 
final sprint, if it is well timed, is the one that 
lands you a winner at the finish. I'm not 
sprinting yet; do you see the point?" 

"Just did him, eh?" chortled Ziegler, as he 
squeezed past Bald and climbed on to rung 
No. 3. "I thought I'd catch him just about 
here, so I put on a bit of steam and did him. 
Say, don't you think, though, that I am all 
out; I've got a bit up my sleeve yet, a bit I 
expect to use at Hampden Park in a way 
which may even make those two up there 
wish I had concluded to abandon racing this 
season instead of next. Do I expect to pass 
them? Go on, you're badgering the witness 
and the court won't allow it." 

"I wasn't trying a little bit, that's the rea- 
son he got past me," said Bald, looking at 
Ziegler. "What's the good of his crowing? 
He's only one point better than me, and what 
is a point at this stage of the game, I'd like 
to know? You've got to have more of a lead 
on your man than that before you are safe in 
saying anything. You watch your humble 
servant at Springfield. Maybe you'll see 
something in the way of ladder work which 
may astonish you." 

"Suppose I ought to introduce myself. My 
name is Butler, Tom Butler. May be you 
have heard the name before, though this is 
my first appearance as a ladderite." Thus 
spoke the newcomer on Rung 5. "They all 
seemed to be so anxious about this ladder 
climbing that they got me interested in it, 
too, so I got a move on me, managed to se- 
cure fourteen points last week, ana get away 
from the 'also ran' division. How do I like 
it? Really you're asking me too much; 
haven't been at it long enough yet to know. 
If I am here next week, and I expect I will 
be, ask me then, and maybe I'll be able to 
pass an intelligent opinion by that time." 

"Close call!" gasped Stevens, as he saw 
Sanger slip from the ladder to the head of 
the "also rans." "I thought I was a goner 
sure, but that one point I scored just saved 
me, and left me safe for another week at 
any rate. But, between you and me, this 
hanging on here by your eyelids, as it were, 
isn't pleasant, I can tell you. I don't know 
but what I'd just about a% soon be over and 
done with it now as any other time, and land 
down there with 'Wooden Shoes.' He's out 
of his misery at any rate, while I'm still 
worrying." 

Points are based upon the racer's wins on 
the National Circuit only. A' win counts three 
points, a second two points, and a third one 
point. The present ladder shows the men as 
they have climbed up to and including the 
meet at Meriden, Conn., on August 29. 



N^ 






ALSO RANS. 
The following are the men on the National 
Circuit whose wins have been sufficient to 
score for them ten points and over: Sanger. 
28; Coulter, 27; McFarland, 22; Kimbel, 10; 
Parker. 17; Kennedy, 10; Clark, 10; Becker, 
10; Coburn, 13; Allen, 11; Mertens, 11; Baker, 
11; McDonald, 10. 



WANTS THE '97 MEET. 

Columbus, O., is after the '97 League meet. 
It has many inducements to offer, is eager to 
entertain, and an organization known as the 
Business Men's League is at the helm of the 
movement. Columbus, the president of the 
club states, has 10,000 cyclists, 160 miles of 
paved streets, 15 lines of railroads, an unsur- 
passed race track and better hotel facilities 
than any other city of its population. The 
wheelmen of the city have fought for their 
rights and won the Mayor, city officials, 
Board of Trade and Business Men's League, 
and they all unite in the invitation. The lat- 
ter organization represents in its membership 
every branch of business in the city. The 
invitation extended to the League concludes 
by saying: 

"Our wide, well paved, well shaded streets 
and our splendid country roads will please 
the wheelmen of the nation. Our parks and 
public places will interest them, and best of 
all, that warmth of welcome we can give, the 
liberty, the freedom which makes each guest 
feel himself at home, will lead the swift riders 
of the world to congratulate themselves upon 
the judgment that fixed the meet of '97 at 
Columbus." 



'TAIN'T BARGAIN TAINTED. 

"A bicycle that is free from the odor of the 
bargain counter," is the manner in which the 
Manhattan Bicycle Club describes the truss 
framed Fowler that is offered for the fastest 
ascent of Eagle Rock hill on the occasion of 
the club's open contest on that famous grade 
on Monday next. The event will occur dur- 
ing the forenoon at 11 o'clock, and should 
prove not only of interest, but of value in the 
comparisons of cranks and gears that it will 
afford. Eagle Rock itself is but a pleasant 
forenoon's ride from New York. It is in the 
heart of the Oranges; near its base is Lle- 
wellyn Park; it is skirted in every direction 
by splendid roads and picturesque land and 
waterscapes are to be had at nearly every 
turn, that from the summit of the Rock being 
sufficiently glorious to more than repay any 
one for the stiff climb. It must be seen to 
be fully appreciated. To those who desire 
a most delightful ride, tinged with a bit of 
wholesome excitement, the hill-climbing con- 
test will appeal strongly. The entry list of 
the affair closes this evening. 



OPPOSED TO SIDE SHOWS. 

The National Board of Trade of Cycle 
Manufacturers have decided that they will 
not grant sanctions for exhibitions of bi- 
cycles to be held in connection with any fair. 
During the last week they have received com- 
munications from the American Institute, 
which is to hold a fair at Madison Square 
Garden on September 28 and 29; also from 
St. Louis, Mo., and Milwaukee, Wis., all of 
which have been refused. 

Their action is prompted by the general de- 
pression of business, and they feel that the 
best interests of the trade are conserved by 
not granting sanction to the various fairs 
throughout the country. 

The only shows thus far sanctioned are the 
National Cycle Exhibition, to be held at the 
Grand Central Palace of Industry, New York 
City, and the one to be held at the Coliseum 
in Chicago. 



HAD PLENTY OF GRIT. 
L. D. Hotchkiss, a young man who lived in 
Cheyenne County, Kan., wanted to go to 
Oberlin, 125 miles away, to stand an admis- 
sion to the bar. Having no money to pay his 
railroad fare, he rode the distance en a bi- 
cycle, passed a successful examination and 
pedaled back home again. 



28 



September 4, 



THE MEN WHO MAKE. 

How the Advance Guard of the Trade Ap- 
peared at Springfield This 
Week. 

Spring-field, Sept. 1.— Up to the present the 
trade has constituted a very small percent- 
age of those present at the Springfield meet, 
trial heats alone offering but little induce- 
ment to the many who always find it a 
source of profit and information. But promises 
are plenty that to-morrow and Thursday will 
see the usual quota that usually come to 
Springfield to see the races, to renew old 
friendships, and to talk over the hundred and 
one things that are ever present in the trade. 
Among the first to appear on the scene were 
Kirkpatrick and Holroyd, of the Dunlop Tire 
Co. Of course they come to boom the Dunlop, 
and the city is flooded with their ads. A big 
electrical sign on the side of Cooley's Hotel 
blazing the legend "Dunlop Tires" is the 
largest thing here, and attracts nightly at- 
traction. Incidentally they have subsidized 
the judges' stand at the racetrack, and Dun- 
lop legends stare the spectators in the face 
wherever they look on the track. 



Advertising Manager Sullivan, of the Bos- 
ton Woven Hose and Tire Co., is on the spot. 
Affable and enterprising, he leaves no chance 
to go unnoticed to boom Vim tires; in fact, 
makes his booms heard when they shoot 
from a mortar a bomb, which, exploding high 
in the air, unfolds a long tubular streamer 
bearing "Won on Vim Tires," telling in forci- 
ble language what tires the lucky rider rode. 



C. J. Iven and J. J. Brandenburg are here 
in the interest of the new Iven, Branden- 
burg-Burgess Co., and incidentally to talk 
their line, which includes Sager saddles, Le- 
fevre chains and Brandenburg pedals. Iven, 
"Charley," as he is called, is an old racing 
man himself, and mainly through his personal 
acquaintanceship with the fast men on the 
track, that many are using Sager saddles 
and are finding out the good qualities of the 
Lefevre chain, As is well-known, this chain 
is made from special stock, and its wearing 
qualities, its smoothness of running and 
strength can be attested by the number of 
them now on racing wheels. 

In one of the tents out at the track, Jake 
Bretz is holding a little show all by himself, 
having on exhibition a few Wolff-American 
wheels. As they have no racing man on the 
track, they have adopted this method of 
showing the manv good points of this most 
excellent wheel, and judging from the num- 
ber of people that are attracted to their tent 
the scheme is meeting with success. The 
genial "Jake" has as asistants Messrs. Chas. 
Newman, J. H. Toole and big Jim Murphy, 
while General Manager J. Soloman is also 
present. Preparations for '97 are already 
under way by this live New York concern, 
and the cycling public are promised some- 
thing fine for the coming season. 

F. Howard Tuttle has been kept busy see- 
ing that Stearns bicycle advertisements are 
properly placed, and the entrance to Hamp- 
den Park has assumed the yellow hue that 
is now so closely identified with the Stearns 
output. The inside of the rail of the track 
fronting the grandstand is covered with ad- 
vice to "Ride Stearns Bicycles," and vari- 
ously worded placards are placed everywhere 
that they are likely to be seen. 

Ait bur Sidwell and Walter Measure jour- 
neyed down from Boston to show to a select 
few the new Record pedal. Those who have 
Keen it are loud in its praises, and while 
harping all the good points that have made 



its name in the past, something entirely new 
in addition is promised that will more than 
ever make the name "Record" a ball mark 
of all that is good and perfect. 

The Persons Mfg. Co. was represented by 
Mr. C. A. Persons in person, and while this 
may be a poor attempt at a joke, Mr. Per- 
sons started in hard earnest to introduce 
their new saddle, and with the result that 
many of the men used them on their ma- 
chines with evident satisfaction. 

C. T. Dundore, of the Reading Cycle Mfg. 
Co., Reading, Pa., was an interested specta- 
tor of the races, and speaks enthusiastically 
of his native town as a bicycle centre. Al- 
though doing business in a quiet, unobtrusive 
way, the Reading manufacturers have built 
up a wonderful trade and an enviable repu- 
tation. Mr. Dundore thinks the outlook for 
'97 most excellent, and the company with 
which he is identified is making preparations 
for a big year. 

Davy Post, fresh from Europe, was always 
the centre of a jolly crowd listening to the 
many stories and anecdotes of his trip. To 
the WHEEL man he expressed himself as 
feeling satisfied that Europe would prove a 
good market for honestly made American 
goods; but after a careful insight into across- 
the-water methods the best and only, the 
very best would sell, in cheap lines, he said, 
the Germans can beat the world, and it was 
only by putting our best foot forward that we 
could hope for a good share of European 
trade. 

Among the visitors at Springfield on Thurs- 
day was M. Clement, the great French manu- 
facturer. M. Clement came to this country 
some two years ago to purchase a lot of 
American machinery for the purpose of fa- 
cilitating his business. This year he is over 
again for the same purpose. He will also 
purchase special automatic machinery to 
build auto-mobile carriages, motor vehicles 
and electric and compressed air motors. He 
is accompanied by his chief engineer, W. C. 
Capitaine, who served for fifteen years with 
the French artillery in their gun manufactur- 
ing department. 

M. Clement will be in New York on Friday 
and Saturday, at the Hotel Marten, Tenth 
street, and University Place. He expects to 
sail for Europe early next week. 



WHEEL WOES IN AFRICA. 

A correspondent of the WHEEL, writing 
from Johannesburg, South Africa, says: 

"Probably few American riders appreciate 
the fact that in Africa we cycle for twelve 
months in the year, and under conditions 
different from those in any part of America. 

"A Johannesburg winter is rainless, snow- 
less, streets are dry and dusty, and what 
water is put on them dries quickly under the 
hot sun; so that, fanned by the continual 
wind's steady blowing, we have dust storms 
lasting for hours several days each week. 

"A ride that ordinarily requires thirty min- 
utes, when against these winds takes from 
fifty to sixty minutes to accomplish. 

"A short ride of this sort taken a few days 
ago was among my experiences. To avoid 
the dust blowing in my face I had my chin 
down to my handlebars, but so thick was the 
dust cloud that I was unable to see the road 
under my wheel for fully a quarter of the 
ride. 

"Our macadam roads consist of the coarse 
native rock rolled, with clay well rolled in 
on top, and when they are well made they 
are better than nothing But with rock from 
the mines, it seems strange they do not metal 
the top and thus make a perfect road. 



MIDDLE OF WINTER. 

Australia Snowbound, but Still Racing- 
Outlook and Plans for Next 
Season. 

East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, July 
31.— We are just now in the depth of 
winter, and a very dirty one it has 
been. Although not particularly cold— haven't 
seen the slightest bit of ice — the rain in light 
showers has been almost incessant, render- 
ing the road very sticky, so that not the same 
amount of riding has been done. 

The first of the interclub road premiership 
was run off last Saturday, July 25, a dis- 
tance of twenty-five miles, over a very hard 
stretch of roadway. About fifty competitors— 
a team of four from each club— started from 
scratch. 

The winner turned up in Middleton, who 
won the Austral of '94. He covered the dis- 
tance in 1:16:30. The next contest takes 
place a month hence, over fifty miles, which is 
much more like a road race. The shorter dis- 
tance is a dangerous scramble. The public 
seemed extraordinarily enthusiastic over the 
event, and turned up in thousands, so that a 
passage for the finishing competitors was dif- 
ficult to preserve. The start was made five 
miles out of town, and it is suggested, in or- 
der to give the man a better chance, to start 
the fifty-mile five miles further out — at the 
ten miles. They will then travel twenty-five 
miles out and home. 

On September 12 is a hundred-mile open 
road race from Bendigo, north of Melbourne, 
to the city. At the end of September is the 
hundred-mile open championship of Victoria, 
while at the beginning of October is the sec- 
ond annual road race — the Scott-Morton — 
from Warrnambool, southwest of Melbourne, 
165 miles. These contests are something 
worthy of the capabilities of the wonderful 
cycle. Distances of ten, fifteen, twenty and 
twenty-five or so are mere mockeries of road 
races. 

Turning from the road to the racing path, 
the first thing of interest is that the Austral 
wheel race prize will be $1,500 for first, $200 
for second and $50 for third. There is a big 
discrepancy between first and second money. 
The entrance and acceptance fees are $5 each. 
It's a veritable sweepstake. 

This is one big prize, but I have no doubt 
that others will follow as the season devel- 
ops. No doubt these rich plums will draw a 
large foreign contingent, and it is already 
rumcred that John S. Johnson will be here, 
in company with Parsons. The English and 
French flyers, too, will without a doubt be 
well represented, as the Austral meeting is 
being advertised in those countries and ent- 
ries taken and then cabled to Australia. 

Ycur countryman, "Plugger" Billy Martin, 
is doing very well in the northern colonies, 
and by this time ehould have a ti.dy bank ac- 
count. He has ridden a Beeston Humber 
throughout. 

But with all our fine prizes and otherwise, 
we haven't a decent up-to-date track. There 
has been any amount of rumors that so and 
so were going to build one, but they have not 
eventuated. Next season promises to be the 
"boomiest" (d'ye understand?) time cycling 
ever had in the world — at least that's the idea 
of some of us— both sport and pastime. The 
trade, of course, must prosper if it is so. 

GEORGE R. BROADBENT. 



The match-making which results in matri- 
mony seems to put an effectual quietus upon 
the match-making which results in racing. 
Michael, since his marriage, seemes to have 
dropped out of the racing game altogether. 

Next year's world's championships will be 
held in Scotland. 



1896. 



29 



[Advertisement.] 



GOOD THINGS ABOUT COLUMBIAN 

A Few Extracts from fetters to the 

Pope Manufacturing Company. 

Won the Championship. 

"We had a ten and one-half mile (seventeen 
kilometers) race here in honor of the American 
colony. It was for the State championship 
and was witnessed by 20,000 people. I am 
glad to say that Columbia came to the front. 
I won the championship by a margin of six 
minutes." — T. J. Pomeroy, Guadalajara, Mex- 
ico. 

Praised by All. 

"I have given the Columbia Model 40 a thor- 
ough trial, both on the level and in the hills. 
It is easier to keep in order, and takes less 
power to drive than the best English machines 
here. It has won great praise from all." — Van 
Leer Polk, Consul-General, Calcutta. 
A Columbia. 

"Goodby to the blues when you buy a 
Columbia."— R. E. S. Williams, Oakland, Cal. 
None So Good. 

"There is no other exercise as beneficial to 
a broken-down person as riding a wheel." — 
P. A. Wade, Business Manager American 
Monitor of Health. 

Columbia Forever. 

"I have always ridden a Columbia. It shall 
have my strongest indorsement and fullest 
reference."— Addis Albro, New York City. 
Nearest Perfection. 

"This year's Columbias are certainly as 
near perfection as wheels can be made." — A. 
T. Brightwell & Son, Maxeys, Ga. 
Safer on a Columbia. 

"I have ridden a Model 44 racer over all 
sorts of country roads and city pavements 
without a cent's worth of repairs. I weigh 
nearly 200 pounds and have ridden Colum- 
bias exclusively for fifteen years, and feel 
safer on any wheel of that make anywhere, 
without a guarantee than I would on any 
other with the best guarantee the maker 
could devise. My experience is my Columbia 
guarantee." — John S. Briggs,' Rochester, N. Y. 

Far the Best. 

'"My Columbia more than fulfils all ex- 
pectations and every one acknowledges it by 
far the best."— R. M. Warren. 

liOya.1 to Columbia. 

"I write to correct any wrong impression 
that my presumptuous friends may have 
given, and to assure you that I am still loyal 
to my first love— Columbia."— G. G. Wittfeld, 
Philadelphia, Penn. 

Columbias Almost Fly. 

"To say that I am well pleased by no means 
expresses my delight. I understand now why 
the Columbia people place wings around their 
advertisements."— C. N. Wyant, Gambier, 
Ohio. 

Great Hill Climber. 

"The Columbia is the greatest hill climber I 
ever saw." — R. Park- White. Warsaw, Ind. 
Recommended to All. 

"I shall recommend the Columbia bicycle to 
all my friends. I have had no trouble with the 
wheel, and assure you that it is more than 
satisfactory."— J. E. Walbridge, Milwaukee, 
Wis. 

Has No Ftjual. 

"For neatness, perfection of shape and con- 
struction, for all-around easy running quali- 
ties and for a wheel that can be relied upon, 
where is the equal of the Columbia?"— Nor- 
man Wright, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 



Can't Wear It Ont. 

"Have had your Century No. 12,666 '92, 
and as I cannot wear it out, will sell it and 
get a lighter wheel."— J. W. Bemis, Sulphur 
Station, Texas 

Columbias. 

"The old Jacksonian phrase does not apply 
correctly to the wheel world. In it it is 'to a 
Columbia belongs the spoils.'" — Leon Schwarz, 
Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

Stood Well. 

"I have ridden 2,200 miles so far this sea- 
son, and this includes five centuries, and the 
wheel has stood well."— W. E. Smith, New 
York Athletic Club. 



THE COLUMBIA BICYCLE. 

Dear, lovely woman! with delight I view 
The charming witcheries of thy roseate face, 



As borne on wheel with rare consummate skill 
Thy limbs symmetric glide with perfect grace; 
Ne'er in this world is loveliness so fair 
As when the bicycle thy form doth bear; 
Perched on Columbia nothing may compete 
With such fair object in the crowded street. 
Those sweet girls smile as fast as they glit- 
ter by, 
And lovers watch them with enchanted eye. 

What wondrous sense of beauty they behold, 
As fast they circle past the forests green, 
As fast they wheel by orchards rich with fruit, 
Past flowery gardens smiling and serene; 
Past domes palatial soaring to the skies; 
Past village spires that o'er the woods arise; 
By the bright river that through meadows 

sweeps, 
By the white sands that gird the ocean deeps; 
Past gilded carriages with toiling steed 
Striving in vain to rival us in speed; 
Past trolley-cars that scarce in race may vie 
With our Columbia, wheeling by. 

—Isaac McLella*i. 



-Don't Speculate 



♦♦ 



You may buy a bicycle at any 
price under $100. But you 
run a risk. It is speculation. 



Columbia 



BICYCLES 



Are the Standard. 



Their price is unvarying. To 
own a Columbia is to be well 
insured and know the highest 
enjoyment of bicycling. 



$100 



TO ALL ALIKE. 



HARTFORD 
SIHGLE-TUBE TIRES, 

» unless Dunlop Tires 
are asked for. 

WE KNOW NO TIRES SO GOOD 
AS HARTFORDS. 



POPE MFG. CO. 

Hartford, Conn. 



Branch stores and agencies In al- 
most every city and town. If 
Columbias are not properly repre- 
sented in your vicinity, let us 
know. 



3° 



September 4 



EVERYTHING ON WHEELS. 

Boston Does the Cycle Parade TJp in Fine 

Shape— Record in the Show 

I/ine. 

Good old Bunker Hill, out Charlestown way, 
was deserted, the patriotic shaft that graces 
its crest, wrapt in pathetic loneliness, and 
while the afternoon's sun glinted from the 
Capitol's gilded dome, it was for more seeing 
eyes, even Nantasket, the Hub's Coney Isl- 
and, was for the nonce neglected — and all for 
a bicycle parade. 

Last Saturday afternoon a local paper treat- 
ed the Bostonians to what they termed "the 
greatest outpouring of wheelmen ever seen in 
America," intending it, metaphorically speak- 
ing, to be the last flourish of trumpets, cele- 
brating the finish of a "popular bicycle" vot- 
ing contest, one of those delicate little games 
of bunco which have already been so profitably 
worked by newspapers all over the country. 



clad in cycling costumes, but contained in it- 
self representations from every possible 
source, and proved as nothing else could the 
far-reaching influence of the bicycle. Every 
conceivable style of machine was on view, 
and antiquarians had choice morsels in Ab- 
bott Bassett's old sociable tricycle, which was 
resurrected for the occasion, and the first tri- 
cycle ever ridden by a lady in this country, 
with the identical lady herself propelling it, a 
perspiring martyr to the name of history. 

The military display was very highly com- 
mendable, indeed, over five hundred turned 
out, and the effect was martial to a high de- 
gree, headed by a band of music also awheel. 
They rolled along with the true precision of 
soldiers, their rifles slung across their backs, 
easily showing the possibilities of the wheel 
in times of war. 

The firemen and letter-carriers also showed 
up very well, and as there were prizes for the 
best appearance in each division, they made 
a creditable display. A large squad of tele- 



ny, and the crowd that lined each side of the 
streets had a chance to laugh until their sides 
ached; everything imaginable was carica- 
tured, and many of the novel ideas were strik- 
ingly original. It would take pages to half 
describe the many features, but Indians, 
tramps, an elephant, that, by the way, took 
first prize; immense birds, horrible examples 
of the effects of free silver by the score, kept 
the lines of humanity in good humor all along 
the route. It must have proved a hard thing 
for the judges to settle the question to whom 
the prizes belonged, but the elephant that got 
premier honors was certainly artistically got- 
ten up; The second prize went to a Maiden 
man, who burlesqued Trilby with a black 
face. The dummy feet were the size of 14- 
pound hams, and how he managed to pedal 
the machine is a mystery. A loud dress and 
a tattered umbrella completed an outfit that 
would invoke a smile anywhere. Two Rox- 
bury wheelmen dressed as fiery Hottentots 
sat side by side on Abbott Bassett's old so- 




Clever advertising had wrought the public 
interest to a high pitch, day after day the pa- 
pers teemed with accounts of the many won- 
ders in store, with the final consequences that 
long before the allotted time for starting, the 
streets along which the parade was to pass 
were thronged with a surging mass of hu- 
manity. They had come from all points of 
the compass, on foot, in cars, with teams, and 
riding wheels. Beautiful Commonwealth ave- 
nue, with the pretty dividing parks down its 
centre, presented an animated and pictur- 
esque scene. The number of wheels passing 
and repassing on either side was bewildering, 
the varied costumes and displays forming a 
composite picture that set many an attentive 
swain's thoughts bicycle-ward, while the 
maiden at his side carefully polished her 
glasses and daintily adjusted them to her 
dear intellectual nose so that nothing should 
escape her vision. 

The parade, beyond a doubt, was the most 
complete and varied ever held. It did not 
consist merely of a long string of civilians, 



graph boys caused lots of amusement, and 
apparently the parade did not move fast 
enough to suit their exuberant feelings, for 
they were continually running into those di- 
rectly in front; surely the bicycle has done 
much to reform the habit of this particular 
class, whose leisure ways have been the theme 
of many a joke. 

The club division was not nearly so well 
filled as it usually is in parades of this sort, 
probably because their ranks had been re- 
cruited from to supply material for the other 
features. Of the clubs that did turn out, the 
Press Club, of Boston, with fifty-nine men, 
easily captured the prize for both best ap- 
pearance and largest numbers. Of course 
the ladies, both club and otherwise, were scat- 
tered about the parade in goodly numbers, 
but with very few exceptions the costumes 
were little out of the ordinary, the bloomer 
pattern a very rare article, the short skirt 
seemingly being the accepted style. 

In every sense of the word the seventh di- 
vision, with Lon Peck at its head, was fun- 



dable tricycle (shades of the past!) and 
caused lots of amusement by their appear- 
ance and antics. They got the third prize, 
but had there been fifty they could have been 
meritoriously awarded. 

Near the end came the trades display, and 
many of the offerings were beautiful. A 
mounted band led the division, followed by 
the Warwick, who had the right of line, and 
who had an exquisite creation of crimson and 
white in the form of a pagoda. This was 
mounted on a double tandem, and made an 
elegant appearance. An army of riders of 
crimson Warwick wheels added to the effect, 
and it proved a prize-winner. 

The Boston Woven Hose and Rubber Co. 
also captured a prize with their mammoth 
tricycle, that has already made a reputation 
for itself all through the country. It certain- 
ly is a great piece of mechanism, and an ad- 
vertiser of Vim tires par excellence. 

The Overman Wheel Co. had an elegant 
display, that plainly showed the fine Italian 
hand of Mr. W. E. Miles, manager of the Bos- 



1896. wwwwmr 3« 



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| The Crime of 73 § 

^ DOES NOT AFFECT US. ^ 

^~ Our '97 line is ready, and we now offer the public ^g 

^E A Superb Line of High-Grades, ^ 

^E A Superior Line of Medium-Grades, Es 

^E A Complete Line of Juveniles, ^ 

^ Two New Models Tandems, Es 

E= FOR GOLD OR SILVER. E5 



We number among our customers the biggest, shrewdest 
houses in America. They are with us for life. We 
have room for a few solid jobbers. We are one of the 
few factories that run twelve months each year at full 
blast. Capacity, 40,000 bicycles. 



TWENTY NEW MODELS NOW ON EXHIBITION AT OUR 

QUARTERS IN THE WELLINGTON HOTEL, CHICAGO. 




Hf\osn\ wis ^Z 



Branch House, 285 Wabash Avenue, Chicago. 

Address all mail to general offices and factories— Kenosha, Wis. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



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3 2 



September 4, 



ton Branch. They also had a float, built on 
two tandems, of which the Overman winged 
monogram was the central feature, and on 
the platform was the figure of Mercury, hold- 
ing aloft a full nickeled Victor. White was 
the predominating color, and the display 
made a decided hit. Much surprise was ex- 
pressed afterward that it only gained fourth 
prize. 

The Chase Tough Tread Tire Co. made a 
very large exhibit, and an expensive one. 
Mounted on a tandem float was an immense 
wood rim and tire, easily ten feet in diameter. 
Fastened inside the rim was a small bicycle 
seating a pretty little girl in fancy costume. 
Maroon was the leading color, and the ef- 
fect was heightened by having nearly half a 
hundred red-coated and white-breeched riders 
following. The sign read "A Modern Chase," 
and the idea was cleverly followed out in 
costuming the men as they did. 

The Orient Co. had sixty men in white suits 
who rode along serpentine fashion, and got 
first prize for doing it, while the Transient Co. 
fastened two tandems and a "quint" together 



CHICAGO CYCLE SHOW. 

Under the direct management of the Board 
of Trade the Chicago show will prove as dif- 
ferent from previous efforts as will the New 
York function. 

The diagram shows the general floor plan 
of the spaces, but instead of the microscopic 
affairs of last year the spaces will be 50 per 
cent larger, that is, 10 by 12 feet; the rental 
will be reduced 40 per cent and the profits 
of the show to be pro-rated among the ex- 
hibitors. There are in all 416 spaces— and all 
are of uniform size— for which more than 300 
applications are already in hand. 

No plan of allotment has yet been decided 
on, but as soon as the applications are opened 
on September 21 President Coleman will act 
upon an equitable basis. All applications for 
both shows must be filed two days before the 
date set for their opening-. 

The exhibition will open in the Coloseum 
on Saturday, January 23, possession of the 
building being taken on January 20, on which 
date exhibitions can be delivered. Exhibits 
must be removed by 5 p. m. on Wednesday, 



NEW TUBE PLANT. 

Peoria, 111., Aug. 31. — Messrs. J. Trader, of 
Cincinnati, and George M. Roberts, of Marion, 
Ind., are in the city with a view of estab- 
lishing a steel tubing factory to supply the 
bicycle and kindred trades. They have a new 
patent for the manufacture of steel tubing. 
The projectors desire to organize a stock 
company, with a capital stock of $100,000, 
and would like to sell some stock in Peoria. 
They would employ at least a hundred men 
at the start. 



SNELLS STRIKE IS OFF. 

The strike in the Snell Cycle Fittings 
Company's works, Toledo, Ohio, which oc- 
curred last May because the firm re- 
fused to dismiss their assistant superintend- 
ent, has been declared off. The men on Fri- 
day last agreed to return to work uncondi- 
tionally, and the factory resumed operations 
this week. The Snell Company have a num- 
ber of new specialties for '97, including a pat- 
ent wooden handle-bar barrel pedals, a new 
barrel hub and a new yoke design. 



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Diagram of the Chicago Cycle Shov 



and made a machine for nine riders, and 
caused quite a bit of applause. 

The Newton Rubber Works had an army of 
riders, the name Newton on their crimson 
jerseys telling what they were there for. The 
Ivers-Johnson, the Hartford Rubber Works, 
Cyco, the Hall Megaphone Co., the Wolff- 
American Co., the L. A. W. cleaning com- 
pound, and a number of smaller concerns 
wound up a division, on which probably more 
money had been spent than on any other in 
the parade. 

Ten thousand is claimed, but two-thirds 
that number will come closer to the actual 
count of those that turned out, and in all it 
was an elegant and creditable effort. The 
only thing that marred its success was the 
execrable management, although the pomp- 
ous grand marshal for weeks had been ad- 
miring himself and a staff that in size would 
do credit to the standing army of Germany. 
Tet the succession of breaks in the line were 
continuous, and many people never saw the 
trades division at all simply because it was 
a full half-hour behind its predecessor, and 
wnpii finally it did appear, its course was de- 
serted and the roads choked up with car- 
riages. 



February 3, but as a majority of the ex- 
hibitors at Chicago will likewise exhibit at 
New York they will have to get their ex- 
hibits out of the Coloseum at the very ear- 
liest possible moment. 



ATTACHED INSURANCE. 

Another development in the affairs of the 
defunct Decker Cycle Company has cropped 
up. Since the incendiary fire, which is still 
being investigated, M. J. Whittall, the as- 
signee, has trusted the insurance, amounting 
to $9,000. No further move will be made 
until the plaintiff, named in the bill of equity, 
brings the case to the attention of the Court. 
The loss by the fire is placed at $3,000. 



GOING AFTER THEIR OWN. 

The Weatherby Bicycle Company, of Eliza- 
beth, N. J., has seized fifty wheels which it 
sold to customers on the instalment plan last 
spring. The terms were $5 a month and a 
small deposit. The company sold 200 wheels. 
The company's lawyer on Tuesday employed 
half a dozen constables to gather in the 
wheels. 



ATTACHED 306. 
Chicago, 111., Aug. 31.— The Lincoln Bicycle 
Co. filed a bill in the United States Circuit 
Court this morning for an attachment on 
306 bicycles belonging to the Chicago Tip and 
Tire Co., a Maine corporation with a branch 
office in Chicago. It contracted with the Lin- 
coln Bicycle Co. for the assembling of 306 
bicycles for a consideration of $3,014 10, fur- 
nishing the material. The machines have 
been completed, but have not been taken by 
the defendant. It was stated to a WHEEL 
man that the Lincoln Co. wanted the Tip and 
Tire Co. to furnish money for them to work 
on, which they refused to do after furnishing 
the material. 



ON HIS NATIVE HEATH. 

Minneapolis, Minn., Aug. 31.— S. D. Heath 
has associated with himself in a new com- 
pany for the manufacture of the Heath line 
of bicycle pumps E. C. Quimby and L. S. 
Hoyt. New machinery and tools of the latest 
design will be purchased. The new company 
will be known as the Heath Manufacturing 
Company, with offices at 418 Guaranty Loan 
Building. 



1896. 



33 



1 : . iilllllllllllllllllllllll 




This trade mark is recog- 
nized in all parts of the 
world as the emblem of per- 
fect cycle construction. 



There are now made in America, cycles of 

CHEAP, 

MEDIUM, 

HIGH-GRADE 

AND 

HUMBER QUALITY. 

Within the walls of every cycle factory in the world, HUM- 
BERS are admittedly the best product in cycle construction which 
inventive genius, precise methods, skilled mechanism, and unlimited 
facilities have produced, J* <£> & <£ <& £• <£• 



Applications for HUMBER Agencies for the season of 1897 will be received at our 
Westboro office until Sept. 15, 1896 Though we have largely increased our facilities 
of manufacture during the past season, the volume of our product is limited, and it is 
necessary our plans for the distribution of our 1897 product be completed by the 15th of 
September, in order that we may supply agents promptly with cycles they will require 
during the season of 1897. 

A Humber Agency 
S> Means Reputation, Satisfaction, Profit. «£ 

Once appointed, the HUMBER agent can always feel assured of steady business, 
for so long as he is conducting the business on satisfactory lines the agency will remain 
with him. It is the policy of HUMBER Companies to select agents whose character is 
on a plane with the reputation for integrity and quality earned by HUMBER Companies 
during the past twenty-nine years. We seek those only to represent us who appreciate 
the merits of honest goods and who realize the value of and will aid us in supporting a 
truthful, honorable business policy. In every manner possible we seek to prevent any 
cutting of prices, that all buyers may be treated uniformly alike. We, therefore, require 
every agent to furnish a guarantee bond 'that he will not under any circumstances sell 
HUMBERS at less than our catalogue price, nor give or allow any rebate or commission. 

HUMBER & CO., America, Limited, 

ELLIOTT BURRIS, Managing Director, 

WESTBORO, MASS. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



34 



September 4, 



BIG GUNS WERE ABSENT. 



Good Racing, However, Was the Rule, Even 

Though Few Onlookers Enjoyed 

It. 

Bridgeport, Ct, Aug. 28.— Although most 
of the stars of the National Circuit were ab- 
sent at the Bridgeport Wheel Club's circuit 
meet to-day, the sport was interesting. But 
a handful of spectators were present. The 
mile open, professional, went to Gardiner. 
MacDonald had the pole, Reynolds, Gardiner, 
Kimble, Clark, Rigby, Stevens and Ziegler 
following in the order named. Hamilton paced 
and the gun started the men too quick, the 
order finally giving Rigby the position back 
of pace-maker and Gardiner the rear of the 
line of Clark's wheel. At the bell Gardiner 
started up past the bunch and Rigby followed 
him to the lead, the latter jumping past the 
pace-maker, and gained the rear of Gardiner's 
wheel. Down the stretch Rigby came to Gar- 
diner's side, and the race was close to the 
tape, the two finishing inches apart, with 
Kimble a close third. 

In the third of a mile MacDonald gained 
the rear of the line, and stayed there to the 
backstretch, when he started a sneak around 
the bunch, gaining a good lead. Kimble rode 
after him, and on the stretch was at his side, 
the two going over the tape in almost a dead 
heat. The judges caught MacDonald as the 
winner. Ziegler was an equally close third. 

Kimble won the one-mile handicap against 
a field of twenty-three starters in a very close 
finish with the entire field, with the exception 
of Gardiner and Kennedy, the scratch men, 
right up in the hunt. Newton, Monte Scott 
and MacFarland gained the second, third and 
fourth positions, and inches only separated 
them all around. Ray Dawson, of Boonton, 
carried away the honors in the amateur class. 
Summaries: 

Mile professional— 1, Gardiner; 2, Rigby; 3, 
Kimble. Time— 2:09. 

Third-of-a-mile professional— 1, MacDonald; 2, 
Kimble; 3, Ziegler. Time— 0:441-5. 

Mile handicap, professional— 1, Kimble; 40 
wards; 2, Newton, 40 yards; 3, Monte Scott, 80 
yards; 4, MacFarland, 80 yards. Time— 2:041-5. 

Mile, 2:40 class— 1, John C. Neilson; 2, E. S. 
Collet; 3, George B. Cobb. Time— 2:24. 

One-mile handicap— 1, W. F. Soule, 70 yards; 
2, W. B. Tenseler, 30 yards; 3, B. S. Collett, 70 
yards. Time— 2:09 1-5. 

Mile open— 1, Ray Dawson, Boonton; 2, W. E. 
Tenseler; 3, W. A. Barbeau. Time— 2:14 2-5. 

Two-mile handicap— 1, Ray Dawson, scratch; 
2, E. C. Hausman, 40 yards; 3, W. F. Soule, 150 
yards. Time-^:28. 

Gardiner rode a mile, pace and pace about, 
single machines, in 1:57 2-5, single paced record 
time. 



A LITTLE MORE LIGHT. 

A good gate and large fields of contestants 
characterized the night race meet at Harlem 
on August 27. While additional light im- 
proved the meet from the spectators' point 
of view, over the previous affairs, the il- 
lumination was still inadequate. Local men 
only competed. Summary: 

Quarter-mile— Final— 1, C. J. Liebold; 2, W. A. 
Brown. Time, 37 3-5 seconds. 

Half-mile handicap— Final— 1, C. H. Tomlinson 
(40 yards). Time, 1:12 3-5. 

One-mile handicap— Final— 1, J. J. Hughes (100 
yards); 2, W. A. Barbeau (scratch). Time, 
2:29 2-5. 

One-mile, lap— Final— 1, W. C. Roome; 2, Sam 
Brock. Time, 2:37 1-5. 



STARS FAILED TO TWINKLE. 
Philadelphia, Aug. 29.— J. W. Parsons, the 
Australian, now holds the State record for a 
mile. At the Quaker City Wheelmen's meet 
to-day at Tioga, he rode the distance paced 
in 1:52, clipping four seconds off of Zieg- 
ler's record made at Wilkesbarre. John S. 
Johnson rode a half-mile paced in 54 sec- 
onds, cutting the previous best State record 
four and a half seconds. Tom Eck engin- 
eered the pacing, and the pick-ups were per- 
fect. Triplet and tandem teams exchanged 
the pace. 

Johnson and Parsons rode in the five-mile 
handicap, which was won by Starbuck. The 
former rode until he had caught the field and 
led, then dropping out of the race. In the 
mile scratch professional there was a mild 
strike among the men on account of the 
time-limit, 2:25. 

In the first heat the time made was 
2:^71-5, and it was declared no race, with 
no run-over, Parsons and Starbuck being 
among those ruled out. The second heat 
was made in 2:251-5, and was allowed to 
stand, Church, Bowers, Jack and Eckhardt 
qualifying. In the third heat Landis and 
Johnson and McCurdy were the first men 
across the tape, but the time being 2:28, they 
were ruled out. Then it was seen that what 
was hoped to be the race of the day was to 
be robbed of the "star" competitors, and it 
was announced that the first three men in 
each heat would be allowed to ride in the 
final. The men in the second heat very 
properly refused to ride, and the decision 
was reversed, and only the four men who 
qualified in the second heat were allowed to 
compete, Jack winning from Church. Sum- 
mary: 

One-mile novice (final heat)— 1, L. Krauss; 2, 
Joe McDowell; 3, A. B. Reynolds, jr. Time, 
•2:451-5. 

One-mile handicap, professional (final heat)— 
1, C. C. Bowers, 45 yards; 2, C. B. Jack, 40 yards; 
3, Charles Hadfield, 55 yards. Time, 2:12. 

One-third mile handicap (final heat)— 1, J. B. 
Clift, 20 yards; 2, E. T. Walters, jr., 10 yards; 3, 
A. Bateman, 30 yards. Time, 41 4-5 seconds. 

Mile open, professional— First heat, 1, J. W. 
Parsons; 2, B. C. Betner; 3, J. F. Starbuck. 
Time, 2:271-5. No race. Second heat, 1, C. A. 
Church; 2, C. C. Bowers; 3, C. B. Jack; 4, H. 
W. Eckhardt. Time, 2:151-5. Third heat, 1, W. 
R. Landis; 2, R. P. McCurdy; 3, John S. John- 
son. Time, 2:28. No race. Final heat, 1, C. B. 
Jack; 2, C. A. Church; 3, C. C. Bowers. Time, 
2:11 4-5. 

One-mile open, amateur — Final heat, 1, P. S. 
Davis; 2, W. M. Trott; 3, C. W. Krick. Time, 
2:40. 

One-mile, handicap— Final heat, 1, A. Bate- 
man, 115 yards; 2, C. W. Krick, scratch; 3, J. 
A. Vernier, 45 yards. Time, 2:19. 

Five-mile handicap, professional— 1, J. F. 
Starbuck, 50 yards; 2, W. E. Dickerson, 180 
yards; 3, W. A. Rulon, 115 yards. Time, 
12:15 4-5. 



DAVIDSON DOES IT. 

The Canadian 25 miles record was cut to 

lh. lm. 46s. by Harley Davidson at Chatham, 

Ont., last week. Five men entered in the race, 

which was paced by tandems. 



REMARKABLY SMALL ATTENDANCE. 

Cleveland, O., Aug. 30.— The first meet of 
the Associated Wheelmen occurred on Sat- 
urday at C. A. C. Park. It brought out a 
remarkably small attendance. Summary: 

One Mile Novice— 1, J. J. Callon, Collinwood; 
2, Harry Wood; 3, Ed. Calta. Time, 2:56 2-5. 

Half Mile Ope— nl, Earl Torrer, Dayton; 2, 
Jas. A. Crawford; 3, T. R. Blackmore. Time, 
1:16 2-5. 

On© Mile, City Championship— 1, Jas. A. 
Crawford; 2, J. R. Fitzsimmons; 3, F. R. Black- 
more. Time, 2:24 2-5. 

Two Mfle Handicap— 1, Albert Calkins, 150 
yards; 2, F. A. Robishaw, 150 yards; 3, W. C. 
Emerick, 130 yards. Time, 4:45 3-5. 

One Mile, 2:35 Class— 1, H. B. Wood, Oberlin; 
2, J. R. Corrigan; 3, F. R. Blackmore. Time, 
2:23. 

Five Mile Open— 1, H. B. Wood; 2, W. C. 
Emerick; 3, Geo. Comstock. Time, 11:43. 



THIRTEEN PURES FELL. 

But Impures Went Right On Racing — Tom 

Butler Keeps Up His Winning 

Streak. 

Meriden, Conn., Aug. 29.— Tom Butler won 
most of the purses put up by tha Meriden 
Wheel Club at their circuit meet to-day. He 
took the half-mile and mile open, and made 
the best time in the mile invitatibn race, 
1:55 4-5. The attendance was very good, 
3,000 spectators being on the grounds. 

The mile open, tandem pacing, was put in 
by the management under permit, but the 
men protested. The time, 2:09, was not as 
fast as most of the time made this season 
with single pacing Tom Butler caught the 
pacemaker, but Gardiner, rushing around, 
dropped back and gained several lengths. 
Gardiner lost the race by several lengths to 
the Boston rider, and Newton, the ex-ama- 
teur from Stafford Springs, was a close third. 

The half-mile open final had as starters 
from the pole out the following: Rigby, But- 
ler, Gardiner, Kimble, McFarland, Ziegler, 
Maya and Crooks. No pacemaker was al- 
lowed and the men made good going, finish- 
ing in 1:06 1-5, one of the fastest unpaced 
halves of the year. At the outset Ziegler 
worked to the front and Gardiner caught his 
rear, Rigby and Kimble following Gardiner. 
Crooks from the rear pulled Tom Butler to 
the head of the field, and that rider started 
after that first, gaining it with his usual easy 
running. Ziegler gained the second place a 
length ahead of Gardiner. Crooks quit after 
helping Butler. 

The mile handicap, amateur, was disastrous 
inasmuch as thirteen of the fourteen starters 
fell. One was injured, but not seriously. Two 
men were disqualified for the day for foul 
riding. Alexander, of Hartford, was the only 
man remaining on his wheel. Birdie Mun- 
ger's brother mounted and gained second 
prize, the second finisher, Edwards, of South- 
ington, being disqualified. 

The mile handicap, professional, had Stev- 
ens, at 20 yards, as the virtual scratch man, 
and Bowler, at 110 yards, the limit man. The 
finish was close and Kimble, Hoyt, Crooks 
and Mertens divided the money in an inch- 
close finish. 

One mile, 2:50 class— 1, F. J. Cadwell, Elmwood; 
2, E. C. Hausman, New Haven; 3, J. P. Fleming. 
Time— 2:24. 

Half mile, professional— 1, Tom Butler; 2, Zieg- 
ler; 3, Gardiner. Time— 1:061-5, unpaced. 

Mile handicap— 1, R. M. Alexander, Hartford 
(50 yards); 2, Leon Munger, Middletown (100 
yards); 3, A. M. Curtis, Meriden (50 yards). 
Time— 2:19 3-5. 

Mile handicap, professional— 1, Kimble (40 
yards); 2, Hoyt (50 yards); 3, Crooks (60 yards). 
Time— 2:10 4-5. 

Half-mile open— 1, Ray Dawson, Boonton; 
2, Leon Munger; 3, Joe Harrison. Time— 1:03 4-5. 

Mile open, professional— 1, Tom Butler; 2, 
Gardiner; 3, C. R. Newton. Time— 2:09. 

Mile invitation race, each man paced against 
time. Citizens' purse. A time limit of 2:00 on 
each rider, to beat this or have no share in the 
purse. Purse divided between first two in time 
or all to one man if under two minutes— 1, Tom 
Butler; time, 1:55 4-5; paced by Maddox and Scott 
and Berlo and Crooks. 2, Gardiner; time, 1:57 4-5; 
paced by the triplet, O'Connor, Bainbridge and 
Stevens. 

Mile amalteur, same ! conditions, time limit, 
2:08— None reached. 



FOUR AT PHOENIXVILLE. 

Four cycling events were given by the 
Phoenixville, Penn., Agricultural and Driv- 
ing Park Association in that city on Satur- 
day. William Armstrong won the half-mile 
novice in 1:16. Fred Airhart won the mile 
handicap in 2:37 1 / £, the three-mile handicap 
in 8:36 and in company with J. L. Brewer 
the two-mile tandem race in 5:33. 



1896 



35 



POSTPONED, BUT POPULAR. 

When it comes down to genuine up-to-date 
police service in connection with cycle racing, 
there is no one who can eclipse Detective 
Gregory, of Newark, N. J. He has had charge 
of the Irvington-Millburn race during the 
past few years, where he preserved order out 
of chaos, and he again demonstrated his 
ability on Wednesday of last week at the 
Atalanta Wheelmen's postponed meet at 
Waverly Park. Although postponed events 
are usually unsuccessful, there was a large 
crowd at the meet, particularly of the class 
that delight in getting on the track, but 
wonderful to relate not a soul was within the 
fence except the wearers of official badges. 
The track is wide, and the fences low, and 
it is usually next to impossible to keep the 
course clear. Even the spectator who got 
over-enthused and thrust his head over the 
track was a target for the police. 

The first race was not called until 3:30 p. 
m. in order to insure the attendance of com- 
petitors, officials and the spectators. As a 
consequence it was dusk before the finish. 

The meet attracted a large entry list, and 
two specialties, a triplet race and a contest 
between Newark letter-carriers, policemen 
and firemen, excited local enthusiasm. W. H. 
Ross rode a half-mile paced by a triplet in 
56 1-5 seconds, and Bert Ripley followed the 
same machine around for a mile in 2 minutes 
1 second. 

The absence of Ray Dawson made the mile 
open rather an easy thing for Harrison, the 
Asbury Park crack, Ripley and Roome being 
the only ones present to worry him. The 
track was in excellent shape, causing many 
blanket finishes. Summary: 

One-mile novice; four heats; final— 1, M. C. 
Tatten; 2, T. Firth; 3, H. C. Hedeman. Time, 
2:32 4-5. 

One-mile open; three heats; final— 1, .Joe Har- 
rison; 2, Ripley; 3, W. C. Roome.' Time, 2:16 4-5. 

One and one-half mile tandem; two heats; 
final— 1, Harrison and Ripley; 2, Roome and 
Jasper; 3, Junkind and Crumm. Time, 3:55. 

One-mile, 2:25 class; three heats; final— 1, W. 
C. Roome; 2, B. T. Allen; 3, J. Jasper. Time, 
2:36 2-5. 

Special invitation team race; two miles; heats 
and a final— Won by John C. Letzelder, police. 
Letter carriers first, 20 points; police second, 
17 points; firemen, 8 points. Time 5:36 2-5. 

Triplet race; one mile— 1, Vim Bicycle Club; 2, 
Riverside Wheelmen; 3, Harlem Wheelmen. 
Time, 2:06 2-5. 

Half-mile handicap; four heats; final— 1, W. B. 
Bennett (60 yards) ; 2, M. CV Tatten (70 yards) ; 
3, W. H. Cane, jr., (70 yards). Time 1:03 1-5. 

Two-mile handicap; three heats; final— 1, J. J. 
Gregory; 2, J. A. Forney (150 yards); 3, C. J. 
Bird (80 yards). Time 4:46 4-5. 



JOHNSON STARRED, STARTED AND STOPPED. 

John S. Johnson starred at Bunnell's night 
meet at Tioga, Philadelphia, on Wednesday 
evening last. His appearance was well adver- 
tised, and 4,000 spectators were present ex- 
pecting to see him win everything. His per- 
formance consisted of finishing second in the 
first heat of the mile open and being totally 
outclassed in the final, such men as Church, 
Starbuck, Jack and McCurdy showing him the 
way over the tape. Parsons, the Australian, 
also rode. Although unfortunate, he rode 
pluckily, and was made to feel that he was 
among friends. He fell in the final of the mile 
open, but rode pluckily in his heat in the han- 
dicap from scratch, and qualified, making the 
mile in 2:11. He was unplaced in the final. He 
also rode unsuccessfully in the five-mile han- 
dicap. The entry list was large, the crowd en- 
thusiastic, and the management perfect. 

One-mile novice— Final heat— 1, J. Greul; 2, A. 
Heilson; 3, A.' Meighan. Time— 2 :45 1-5. 

One-mile open, professional— First heat— 1, Car- 
roll B. Jack; 2, John S. Johnson; 3, J. F. Star- 



buck; 4, Robert P. McCurdy. Time— 2:20 2-5. 
Second heat— 1, Charles Church; 2, J. W. Par- 
sons, Australia; 3, J. M. Baldwin; 4, H. E. Bar- 
tholomew. Time— 2:18. Final heat— 1, Charles 
Church; 2, Carroll B. Jack; 3, J. F. Starbuck; 1, 
R. P. McCurdy. Time— 2:20 1-5. 

One-mile open— Final heat— 1, P. S. Davis; 2, 
Joshua Lindley; 3, Walter Troth; 4, C. H. Hen- 
zel. Time— 2:13 1-5. 

One-mile handicap, professional— First heat— 
1, B. C. Betner (90 yards); 2, W. W. Rulon (60); 
3, E. P. Thompson; 4, J. W. Parsons (scratch). 
Time— 2:10 4-5. Time of scratch man— 2:11. 
Thompson was subsequently disqualified for 
looking backward. Second heat— 1, S. L. Cassady 
(175 yards); 2, C. B. Jack (40); 3, W. E. Dickin- 
son (100); 4, C. C. Bowers (50). Time— 2:14. Third 
heat— 1, Edward Bringhurst (145); 2, A. Boone 
(145); 3, R. P. McCurdy (35); 4, C. A. Church 
(scratch). Time— 2:11 4-5. Final heat— 1, B. C. 
Betner; 2, Edward Bringhurst; 3, W. E. Dicker- 
son; 4, A. Boone. Time— 2:06 4-5. Parsons, who 
finished unplaced, rode the mile in 2:16. 

One-mile handicap— Final heat— 1, W. B. West 
(80 yards); 2, Samuel Moore (100); 3, Clement 
Turville (115); 4, H. Sheck (50). Time— 2:23. 

Five-mile handicap, professional— 1, W. A. 
Rulon (200 yards); 2, J. F. Starbuck (100); 3, C. 
C. Brown (handicap not announced); 4, C. B. 
Jack (200); 5, H. E. Bartholomew (200). Time— 
12:48 3-5. 



EASY ROE TO HOE. 



H. K. Roe is the champion rider of Long 
Island. At least, he holds that title by win- 
ning the mile championship of Long Island 
race at the Mercury Wheel Club's meet at 
Flushing on Saturday last. H. K. Roe and his 
brother Nat have a private track near their 
home in Patchogue, and they were both in fine 
fettle for the Flushing meet. Nine men start- 
ed in the event, which was paced by a triplet. 
Henshaw got the rear wheel of the pacing ma- 
chine, with Brock, Owen, Roe and Allen in 
that order. Coming in the homestretch Roe 
made the jump and was never headed, beating 
Henshaw by three lengths. Roe was. carried 
to his dressing quarters on the shoulders- of 
his clubmates. F. D. White, of Freeport, was 
also in excellent shape, and won the mile open 
and five-mile handicap. In the mile he caught 
the triplet and won by a long sprint from the 
three-quarter pole, beating out Barbeau and 
Roe. The attendance was about 2,000. Sum- 
mary: 

One mile (novice)— 1, H. B. Cashell, Brooklyn; 

2, G. Juch, Flushing; 3, E. L. Nichols, Flushing. 
Time— 2:271-5. 

Two miles (handicap)— Final heat— 1, Nat Roe, 
P. W. (80 yards); 2, C. O'Connor, K. A. C. (130 
yards); 3, E. Krumm, New York (100 yards). 
Time-^:35. 

One mile (open)— First heat— 1, F. W. Richt, 
Brooklyn; 2, E. J. Clark, M. W. C; 3, E. Krumm, 
New York. Time-2:25 2-5. Second heat— 1, B. F. 
Allen, L. W. ; 2, W. A. Barbeau, R. W. ; 3, David 
Simmons, Brooklyn. Time— 2:25. Third heat— 1, 

C. T. Earl, K. C. W.; 2, H. K. Roe, P. W.; 3, F. 

D. White, F. B. C. Time— 2:23. Final heat— 1, F. 
D. "vv hite, F. B. C. ; 2, W. A. Barbeau, R. W. ; 3, 
H. K. Roe, P. W. Time-2:08 4-5. 

Two miles (tandem)— 1, C. H. and Walter Ap- 
pley, E. A. C; 2, Barbeau and Henshaw, R. W.; 

3, Hovey and Gressell, H. W. Time— i:20 2-5. 
One mile— Finel heat— 1, H. K. Roe, P. W.; 2, 

C. S. Henshaw, Brooklyn; 3, David Simmons, 
Brooklyn. Time— 2:21 3-5. 

Five miles (handicap)— 1, F. D. White, F. B. C. 
(75 yards); 2, C. O' Conor, K. A. C. (275 yards); 3, 
W. H. Brown, K. A. C. (150 yards); 4, David Sim- 
mons, Brooklyn (400 yards). Time— 11:54 4-5. 



LOAFED AND GOT LEFT. 

A case of sulks was handled In a most con- 
clusive manner at the Fresh Air Mission elec- 
tric light races at Buffalo on Wednesday 
evening of last week. In the final of the mile 
open Goehler, Cleland, Higgins, De Temple, 
Horan and Finn refused to follow the pace- 
maker. He set a good pace at the start, but 



the men rode along leisurely. The pacer 
waited for them and again endeavored to 
draw them along, but they refused to wake 
up. At the end of the first lap the referee 
ordered them to dismount and suspended 
them from the track for the evening. They 
were hissed by the spectators as they retired 
to the dressing'-room. 

In the three-mile police race Tony Gavin, 
who recently rode from Buffalo to New-York 
to compete in The Herald's Inter-city Police 
race, was beaten by three other "coppers." 
The meet was held for charity and was in 
every way successful. Summary: 

One-mile novice— 1, E. M. Beck; 2, D. L. John- 
son; 3, R. E. Gardiner. Time, 2:25%. 

One-mile open— Final: 1, A. B. Goehler, R. C. ; 
2, C. B. Horan, P. C. ; 3, W. D. Te Temple, P. C. ; 
Time, 2:37. Time limit, 2:30. Ordered run over by 
referee. Run over declared and riders sus- 
pended from the track for the night. 

Half-mile handicap— 1, C. A. Sliker; 2, E. E. 
Denniston; 3, J. C. Penseyres. Time, 1:03 3-5. 

One-mile handicap— 1, C. A. Sliker (30); 2, J. 
C. Penseyres (35); 3, J. R. Jones (80). Time, 2:18. 



HAD A PICNIC. 



Dawson and Slavin, the speedy New Jersey 
amateurs, visited Middletown, N. Y., on 
Wednesday of last week and finished one, 
two, in all the events in which they were 
eligible. The meet was promoted by the 
Barnes Wheelmen and was well attended. 
Summary: 

Mile novice— 1, A. G. Relyea, K. C. W. ; 2, 
John H. Cummings, Middletown; 3, Robert 
Terhune, Middletown. Time— 2:44. 

Mile tandem (State championship, paced by 
Kings County Quad)— 1, Owen and O'Connor, 
K. C. W.; 2, Henshaw and Barbeau, River- 
side Wheelmen. Time— 2:11%. 

Half-mile open— 1, Ray Dawson, N. Y. A. C; 

2, W. H. Owens, K.- A. C; 3, William Slavin, 
Suffern. Time— 1 :04%. 

Half-mile (county championship)— 1, O. E. 
Murphy, Tuxedo; 2, J. S. Donahue, Newburg; 

3, W. J. Oakey. Time— 1:13%. 

Mile tandem— 1, Black and White; 2, Henshaw 
and Barbeau; 3, Case brothers. Time— 2:20. 

Mile open— 1, Ray Dawson; 2, W. S. Slavin; 3, 
W. A. Barbeau. Time— 2:16%. 

Mile (county championship)— 1, J. F. Donahue, 
Newburgh; 2, W. S. Weeks, Middletown; 3, W. 
J. Oakey, Newburgh. Time— 2:20. 

Five-mile handicap— 1, Ray Dawson (scratch); 
2, W. S. Slavin (80 yards); 3, W. A. Barbeau 
(scratch): 4, A. G. Relyea, Brooklyn (240 yards). 
Time— 14:11%. 



ROE-D A WINNING GAIT. 

Patchogue, Long Island, had its third race 
meet of the season at Roe's track on Wednes- 
day of last week. The local favorite, H. K. Roe, 
took the mile open and the best race of the 
day, the five-mile handicap from scratch. 
Twenty-seven men started. At three miles 
Roe caught the bunch, and won in an ex- 
citing finish on the sprint. Earl won the one- 
mile invitation, beating out Frank White, 
Roe, Ruland, Fisher, Bennett, Smith and 
Frank Munz. Summary: 

One-mile novice— Final heat— 1, H. C. Robin- 
son; 2, Harry F. Zoble, Brooklyn; 3, W. H. Fur- 
long, Patchogue. Time— 2:46 1-5. 

One-mile scratch— Final heat— 1, H. K. Roe, P. 
W.; 2, F. D. White; 3, Nat Rowe. Time— 
2:14 2-5. 

One-mile handicap— Final heat— 1. J. Robert 
Bailey, P. W. (120 yards); 2, S. C. Hubbard (120 
yards); 3, C. A. Carlson, G. W. (120 yards). 
Time— 2:15 2-5. 

One-half-mile handicap — Final heat — 1, W. A. 
Schwab (70 yards); 2, J. J. Hughes, P. W. (60 
yards); 3, Fred B. Egglchoff. Time— 1:04. 

Five-mile handicap— 1, H. K. Roe (scratch); 2, 
F. Fisher (scratch); 3, E. D. White (scratch). 
Time— 13:55 4-5. 

One-mile invitation scratch— 1, C. T. Earl, K. 
C. W.; 2, C. W. Ruland, jr., P. W.; 3, F. D. 
White, F. B. C. Time— 2:36. 



3 6 



September 4, 



KRICK'S A CRACKER. 

Lancaster, Pa., Aug. 26.— C. W. Krick stood 
head and shoulders over all the riders at the 
meet at McGann's Park to-day, winning the 
three events in which he started. All the 
local cracks of this vicinity were in attend- 
ance. Summary: 

One-mile novice— 1, M. C. Good, Allentown; 2, 
C. S. Clippinger, Harrisburg; 3, F. A. Huber. 
Time— 2:39 4-5. 

One-mile handicap— 1, E. S. Youse, Reading (95 
yards); 2, W. A. Lautz, Harrisburg (100 yards); 3, 
Jonas Reist, Harrisburg (115 yards); 4, J. B. Cor- 
ser, Allentown (15 yards). Time— 2 :1G 1-5. 

One-half-mile open— 1, C. W. Krick, Sinking 
Spring; 2, B. B. Stevens, Philadelphia; 3, J. B. 
Corser, Allentown. Time— 1:10. 

One-mile open— 1, C. W. Krick; 2, B. B. Ste- 
vens, Philadelphia; 3, E. S. Youse, Reading. 
Time— 2:31 4-5. 

Two-mile handicap— 1, C. W. Krick, Sinking- 
Springs (scratch); 2, J. B. Corser, Allentown (20 
yards); 3, J. C. Henderson, Lewistown (110 
yards); 4, W. A. Lautz, Harrisburg (180 yards). 
Time— 4:56. 

One-mile tandem— 1, James Hires and E. Sim- 
mons, Lancaster; 2, E. C. Diffenderffer, Salunga 
and C. Long, Landisville. Time— 2:25. 



JUST UNDER THE MINUTE. 

Milwaukee, Aug. 27. — An exhibition half- 
mile was negotiated in 59% seconds by the 
Andrae quad at the meet of the Associated 
Cycling Clubs to-day, and the new League 
sextuplet was also exhibited. Anton Stoltz 
took the honors in the amateu-- events. The 
attendance was small. Summary: 

One-mile, 2:40 class— Pinal heat— 1, Charles 
Muss; 2, Albert Mueller; 3, P. H. Cambier. Time, 
2:47%. 

Quarter-mile open— 1, Anton Stoltz; 2, H. W. 
Crane, Racine; 3, Nat McDougall. Time, 33% 



Five-mile handicap — 1, Anton Stoltz (scratch) ; 
2, Albert Mueller (50 yards); 3, John F. Reitzner 
(scratch). Time, 12:56. 

One mile, professional— 1, W. L. Becker, Chi- 
cago; 2, W. F. Sanger; 3, H. A. Zerbel. Time, 

One-mile open— 1, Albert Mueller; 2, Anton 
Stoltz; 3, Con Reinke. Time, 2:24. 

Two-mile handicap, professional — 1, Henry 
Kanaska (85 yards); 2, Arthur J. Weiley (90 
yards); 3, John Muss (225 yards). Time, 4:33. 

Half-mile open— 1, Reinke; 2, Anton Stoltz; 3, 
A. V. Jackson, Chicago. Time, 1:03. 



WASHTNGTONS WALLOP ORIOLES. 

Baltimore, Md., Aug. 29.— The Maryland 
Division's meet to-day was the best of the 
season, the track being fast and the finishes 
close. In the intercity races, the Washing- 
ton team won, for the second time. Another 
victory will give them the series and the cup. 
Summaries: 

One-mile, novice— 1, C. E. Eckert; 2, G. L. Hicks; 
3, H. W. Chun, Washington. 

One-mile, intercity team race— 1, William Sims, 
Washington; 2, Clarence Knight, Baltimore; 3, M. 
Mudd, Washington; 4, F. L. Meyers, Baltimore; 5, 
George Ball, Washington; 6, Robert French, Bal- 
timore. Score— Washington, 12; Baltimore, 9. 
Time, 2:45. 

Two-mile, handicap, professional— 1, J. L. Ives 
(scratch); 2, W. W. Phelps (scratch); 3, M. F. Car- 
ter (scratch). Time, 4:52 4-5. 

Half-mile— 1, W. F. Sims; 2, W. G. LeCompte; 
3, H. Pritchard. Time, 1:08 1-5. 

One-mile, professional, lap race— 1, M. F. Carter, 
six points; 2, J. M. White, five points; 3, W. O. 
Woodward, and W. W. Phelps, tied for third place 
with three points. Time, 2:21 2-5. 



TRACK POOR, SPILLS MANY. 

In connection with the Woonsocket (R. I.) 
Agricultural Fair, cycle races were held both 
afternoon and evening on August 27. The 
track was poor and spills frequent. Sum- 
mary: 

Afternoon: Half-mile (handicap)— 1, F. B. 
Watson, Westboro (40 yards); 2, W. St. George, 
Woonsocket (40 yards); 3, C. F. Wrtght, Woon- 
socket (40 yards;. Time— 1:08%. 



One mile (open)— 1, Bert R. Livermore, Worces- 
ter; 2, Phil Sylvestre, Woonsocket; 3, F. W. 
Stockbridge, Westboro. Time— 2:28%. 

One mile (handicap)— 1, C. Doubleday, Somer- 
ville (80 yards); 2, Phil Sylvestre, Woonsocket 
(120 yards); 3, George Ewen, Woonsocket (110 
yards). Time— 2:24. 

Evening: One mile (open)— 1, Phil Sylvestre; 2, 
William Pettigrew, Lynn; 3, Joseph Bowden, 
Providence. Time— 2:32. 

Two miles (handicap)— 1, Phil Sylvestre (120 
yards); 2, C. Doubleday (80 yards). Time— 5:02. 



McDUFFEE'S DEBUT. 

Providence, Aug. 29. — E. A. McDuffee made 
his first appearance as a professional at the 
Rhode Island Wheelmen's meet to-day. He 
rode an exhibition unpaced mile and cut the 
State record from 2:19 to 2:15 3- 5. 

In the mile open a close finish between 
Devlin and Hills brought out a storm of 
hisses against the judges. William Sullivan 
a local favorite, made an excellent showing 
in the mile 2:40 class, which he won with 
ease. Summary: 

Mile, 2:40 Class— 1, Willliam Sullivan, Paw- 
tucket; 2, Joe Collins, Marlboro; 3, B. T. Ross, 
Arlington Heights. Time, 2:34 2-5. 

Mile Open— 1, Fred Devlin, Pawtucket; 2, Hor- 
ace B. Hillls, Jr., Providence; 3, N. T. Freyburg, 
Worcester, third. Time, 2:181-5. 

Half Mile Open— 1, Horace B, Hills, Jr.; 2, 
Willliam Sullivan; 3, Fred Devlin. Time, 1:20 2-5. 

THE INS AND OUTS OP PRESIDENCY. 

Here is President Sterling Elliott at rest, 
and there is ex-President Willison at ease. 
There is a lesson in the picture. 



\3ter(mp £."«Vff- 




>V ose 



These two men fought at high pressure at 
Baltimore for hours of the day and night. 
They and their henchmen burned both money 
and brain tissue to secure the much-coveted 
office of L. A. W. president. The fate of na- 
tions seemed to depend upon it. It seemed 
that the defeated man would glide into an 
obscurity which would be as protracted as it 
would be dark. And here they are, hobnob- 
bing at the Louisville meet, both of them ap- 
parently happy; in fact, of the two Willison 
seems to be the happier. 

Willison is a Maryland man; angular, bony, 
sinewy, practical, businesslike, genial and 
congenial. 

Elliott is a Massachusetts man; high-voiced, 
nasal-toned, perceptive, humorous, practical, 
theoretical, visionary, initiative, eccentric, 
unexpected, kindly, and a whole lot of other 
things. 

SLOW TOWN, FAST TIME. 

The English triplet record for one hour, 
26 miles 402 yards, was smashed by the 
Century Wheelmen's triplet team, Pierie, 
O'Neil, Gracey, at the Point Breeze track, 
Philadelphia, on Friday last. The team cov- 
ered 26 miles 1,373 1-3 yards in the ride. The 
average time per mile was 2:12, the slowest 
mile being ridden 2:17 2-5. O. S. Bunnell 
refereed and Louis Hill and C. F. Lancaster 
timed. 



DEAD-HEATED, THEN TOSSED UP. 

Buffalo's crack riders rode at Williamsville, 
N. Y., on Saturday and carrried everything 
before them. Goehler and Longnecker rode 
a dead heat in the mile open, which the latter 
won in the toss up. Summary: 

One Mile Novice— 1, William Mehl; 2, E. D. 
Shister; 3, J. W. Fornes. Time, 2:37. 

Half Mile Open— 1, A. B. Goehler; 2, W. D. 
Cleveland; 3, A. A. Kaliska. Time, 1:45 2-5. 

One Mile Open— 1, A. E. Longnecker; 2, Goeh- 
ler; 3, E. D. Stevens. Time, 2:17 4-5. 

Five Miles, Handicap— 1, C. A. Sliker, 25 yards; 
2, A. B. Goehler, scratch; 3, E. D. Stevens. Time, 
12:19 2-5. 



PACKED TO THE GATES. 

Standing-room was at a premium at the 
meet at Sharon, Penn., August 27. The best 
riders in Western Pennsylvania and Ohio 
took part in the events. P. J. Mclntyre won 
the mile open in 2:24, and the two miles lap 
race in 4:53. C. C. Aughenbaugh took the 
half-mile open in 1:14, Scott and Aughen- 
baugh the tandem in 2:43, and H. B. Scott 
the five miles handicap in 12:38. 



SOCIETY SEES A TWENTY RIDDEN. 

Society at Narragansett Pier was enlivened 
by a 20-mile road race on Saturday last. The 
course extended over fine macadam roads, 
and contestants were numerous. C. S. Bolting 
won the event from scratch in 50:03, winning 
both time and place prizes. Philip Engle- 
drum, 2:30, took second prize, in 52:52. Sec- 
ond time prize went to A. H. Sayers, 3:00, who 
.^finished in 51:30. 



TONY TACKLED TOO MUCH. 

Tony Gavin, the Buffalo "bicycle cop," at- 
tempted to lower the twenty-four-hours rec- 
ord on the cement track at the Buffalo Ath- 
letic Field last week. He quit at twenty 
hours on account of rain, with 313 miles to his 
credit. Had he continued to the end he could 
not have made more than 375 miles. The 
American record is 452 miles, by Gimm. 



BELL-RINGING RACES. 



A new freak cycle contest took place on the 
fair grounds at Norway, Me., recently. A 
board track, 100 feet long and 8 inches wide, 
with twenty-one electric buttons on irregular 
lines, was arranged. Each contestant rode a 
bicycle on the narrow track, passing over as 
many electric bell-ringing buttons as he 
could. The first prize winner struck eleven 
bells. 



CHAINS AND CIRCUIT CHASERS. 

Nearly all of the first flighters are now 
using Baldwin chains, Cooper, Bald and the 
Butlers among the number. At the Louis- 
ville meet every national championship was 
won by the Baldwin "chain gang," a record 
that speaks more forcibly than words. 



FOR #ioo A SIDE. 



At the Tioga, Philadelphia, track to-mor- 
row, McCurdy and Starbuck will ride a 
match race for a purse and a side bet of 
$100. Each man will have his own pace- 
makers as is the custom abroad. 



FISTER TO BE FASTER. 

John J. Fister, of Washington, has gone 
into training preparatory to making an on- 
slaught on the 24-hour road record. He will 
make the attempt about the middle of the 
month. Fister held the record in 1893. 



[896. 



Supplement to The Wheel and Cycling Trade Review. 



MERELY A CURTAIN-RAISER. 

Springfield's Prologue and the Flood of Recol- 
lections It Brings— Tuning Up the 
Orchestra of Speed. 

Springfield, Mass., Sept. 1. — Could a stran- 
ger — one of the "new element," for instance 
— look into a kaleidoscope and see therein 
the long succession of stirring events, the 
once famous faces that are now mere memo- 
ries, and the part they played in cycling his- 
tory, he would be surprised at the cycling 
halo which has ever hovered over the name 
"Springfield," and which serves to make 
the Springfield tournament of whatever year 
an evergreen that may wither, but that can 
never die. 

The views would carry him back some 
thirteen years, for in 1883 it was that the 
famous function was inaugurated. Each year 
the splendor of its halo was heightened, 
only once was dimmed. 

What we are pleased to term the "old 
guard" must have the pictures in their 
mind's eye — "old guard," mind you, not be- 
cause we are old in years, but because cy- 
cling is young, comparatively, at least. And 
nearly all of the pictures are pleasing. We 
are glad that they adorn the halls of mem- 
ory. Picture the city of Springfield tenderly 
rocking the infant Cycle Sport in its cradle. 
Picture the rapid growth of the child, the 
vigorous extension of its arms, the momen- 
tous moments through which it passed; then 
a decline of both infant and parent; then a 
recovery and such a renewal of strength 



and health in both that it seems can know no 
harm — picture this, and you have one view, 
not stirring, perhaps, but historical. 

The parent, Springfield, had relatives — 
. three of them — but call the family roll and 
you will hear them not. 

Roseville! — product of New Jersey? Dead, 
almost, surely beyond resurrection. 

Lynn— home of "Billy" Rowe! What of 
Lynn? 

Gone. 

And Hartford? 

Tenacious, but likewise no more. 

The three played the parts— played them 
well — but the strain was too great, and they 
— well, simply dropped into obscurity, and 
three of the four once glorified names be- 
came mere shadows, which cast but dim 
outlines, and those far, far to the rear. 
Springfield alone remains to cast its shadows 
before. 

Turn the kaleidoscope! 

There's George Hendee— "Billy" Rowe— 
Fred Ives— George Webber— 'Gene Crist- 
Phil Brown— Quilla Rich— Huntington and 
Burnham! And that hefty lot? They're 
English— a corps of invading Britons— Sandy 
Sellers— Percy Furnival— "Bobby" Cripps— 
Dick Howell. 

Don't know them — eh? 

Ah, me! But they are names which were 
once as magic. Hendee! Handsome, rosy- 
cheeked, sturdy youngster. Idol of Spring- 
field. Pride of America — and once champion. 
How men raved and women wept when the 
invader. Sellers, trailed his unlowered colors 
in the dust, and in the sight of 15,000 home 
people! Hendee, who stirred Springfield as 



no man has stirred it since. Hendee — Hen- 
dee, the demi-god, forgotten! 

And Rowe! The man who completed the 
shattering of the Hendee idol. Rowe! For 
years unconquerable, for years the man who 
startled the world with records so marvel- 
lous and so oft repeated as to stagger belief, 
who once carried the hearts of all America 
into the camp of the English enemy! And 
George Webber— God rest his soul in the land 
of the liel — Webber, the uncut diamond, the 
peerless pusher of the lever-driven Star— big- 
hearted, stout-hearted fellow, cut down in 
his prime. Crist, dashing, clean-cut, who 
brought thousands to their feet and roused 
fine frenzies of excitement — Phil Brown, 
Burnham — all, all are unknown. And all 
these were once as fierce fagots in the flame 
that illumined Springfield in the skies. 

Yes, yes. Fame is fleeting, and the tents on 
its eternal camping-ground weak guyed. 

Another turn. 

A blot and then a blank. Springfield is un- 
done. Cycle Sport is given a body blow, and 
below the belt. A series of match races be- 
tween two of our greatest men. A dishonest 
arrangement. A "double cross." The con- 
spirators fall out. The stench reaches heaven. 
Springfield is nauseated. Its track is closed 
for years. The sport sickens and all but dies. 

No need to mention names. Most of the de- 
bauchers have repented and lived down their 
folly. Let the cloak of charity hide their past. 
But one of them was in evidence to-day. I 
sat near him in the press box. I wondered at 
the thoughts within him. If they were of the 
past— of the capping of a countrywide trail of 
dishonest racing capped by the wrecking part 



RESULTS OF TRIAL HEATS. 



First Heat, Seven Starters- 
Second Heat, Eight Starters — 



First Heat, Thirteen Starters- 
Second Heat, Twelve Starters- 
Third Heat, Thirteen Starters— 



1, J. T. Kelleher. 
1, T. J. Grady. 

1, H. D. Hutchins. 
1, W. S. Reynolds. 
1, W. J. Helfert. 



First Heat, Eleven Starters— 1, 

Second Heat, Twelve Starters — 1, 
Third Heat, Thirteen Starters— 1, 



First Heat, Thirteen Starters- 
Second Heat, Twelve Starters- 
Third Heat, Thirteen Starters- 



First Heat, Thirteen Starters— 1, 

Second Heat, Fourteen Starters— 1. 

Third Heat, Twelve Starters— 1, 

First Heat, Twelve Starters— 1, 

Second Heat, Ten Starters — 1, 

Third Heat— Eleven Starters— 1, 
Fourth Heat, Seventeen Starters— 1, 



First Heat, Eleven Starters— 1, 

Second Heat, Eleven Starters— 1, 

Third Heat, Eleven Starters— 1, 

First Heat, Fourteen Starters — 1, 

Second Heat, Fourteen Starters — 1 

Third Heat, Fourteen Starters— 1 

Fourth Heat, Eight Starters— 1 

First Heat, Twelve Starters— 1 

Second Heat, Nine Starters— 1 

Third Heat, Twelve Starters- 1 

Fourth Heat, Thirteen Starters— 1 



Ray Dawson. 
E. M. Blake. 
R. F. Ludwig. 

W. M. Randall. 
Tom Cooper. 
Otto Ziegler. 

E. C. Ferree, 100. 
T. G. Perry. 70. 

F. A. Gately, 70. 

George L. Bates, 250 
J. B. Bowler, 190. 
H. D. Hutchins, 90. 
L. P. Callahan, 240. 



TRIAL HEATS FOR WEDNESDAY'S EVENTS. 

ONE-MILE LOCAL. 
2, R. F. Ludwig. 3, C. M. Bly. 4, J. Vincillette. 

2, F. I. Elmer. 3, N. E. Tenzler. 4, E. C. Ferree. 

ONE-MILE PROFESSIONAL-2.10 Class. 
% h C. Wettergreen. 3, F. J. Jenney. 4, O. L. Stevens. 

2, A. W. Porter. 3, C. J. Lewis. 4, F. B. Rigby 

2, Chas. Hadfield. 3, A. T. Crooks. 4, P. J. Berlo. 

HALF-MILE OPEN. 
3, A. M. Curtis. - 4, N. M. Pettigrew. 
3, A. R. Freeman. 4, W. C. Roome. 
3, F. A. Gately. 4, H. K. Bird. 

INTER-NIT-IONAL" PROFESSIONAL. 
3, C. R. Newton. 4, Arthur Gardiner 

3, L. A. Callahan. 4, F. H. Allen. 

3, Ray McDonald. 4, W. C. Sanger. 
ONE-MILE HANDICAP. 
2, O. H. Munro, 30. 3, H. B. Hills, 50. 4, H. E Caldwell 

2 >' ? a X t> aw! ? on - ;£r. 3, A R Freeman, 60. 4, J. 11. Vincillette, 80. 

2, J. B. Fowler, 50. 3. W. C. Roome. 30. 4. R. M. Alexander, 40 

TWO-MILE HANDICAP, PROFESSIONAL. 
2, C. J. Lewis, 2:0. 3, W. C. Sanger, scratch 

2, L. A. Callahan, 50. 3, A. D. Kennedy, scratch 



2, Jos. Harrison. 



ONE-MILE ' 
2, E. C. Bald. 
2, Tom Butler. 
2, Owen Kimble. 



Time, 1.10 2-5. 
Time, 1.11 4-5. 
Time, 1.13 1-5. 



Time, 1.12 2-5. 
Time, 1.12 3-5. 
Time, 1.12 1-5. 



Time, 
Time, 
Time, 



.07 .2-5. 
.12:;-:,. 
.13 3-5. 



Time. 2.17. 
Time, 2.14 1-5. 
Time, 2.15 2-5. 



2, A. 



Callahan, 50. 
T Crooks, 100. 
B. Rich, 180. 



3, Fred Schrein, 70. 
3, P. J. Berlo, 100. 



4, Con Baker, 60. 
4, F. C. Hoyt, 70. 
4, F. H Allen, 40. 
4, W. J. Helfert, 60. 



Time, 4.44 2-5. 
Time, 4 57 2-5. 
Time, 5.03 1-5. 
Time, 4.57. 



A. M. Curtis. 
C. C. Ingraham. 
O. H. Munro. 



, Geo. L. Bates, 65. 
, P. J. Berlo, 25. 
, Fred Schrein, 20. 
, C. R. Newton, 15 



, H. K. Bird. 40. 
, W. L. Curtis, 45. 
, A. M. Curtis, 30. 
, J. T. Kelleher, 15 



TRIAL HEATS FOR THURSDAY'S EVENTS. 

HALF-MILE OPEN. 

2, T. J. Grady. 3, Joe Harrison. 4, J B Fowler 

2, F. A. Gately. 3, C. M. Bly. 4, R F Ludwie 

2, H. E. Caldwell. 3, J. T. Kelleher. 4. W. E. Tenzler, 

HALF-MILE HANDICAP, PROFESSIONAL. 
2, Monte Scott, 30. 3, F. C. Hoyt, 20. 4, Otto Maya 30 
2, W. C. Sanger, scr. 3, F. H. Allen, 10. 4, Con Baker, 20. 
2. W. M. Randall, 10. 3, A. Gardiner, scr. 4, O. J Kimble 10 
2, W. F. Saunders, 50. 3, A. T. Crooks, 25. 4, J. T. Walsh, 25. 

HALF-MILE HANDICAP. 
?>' ? a £ Dawso "' scr - J L. H. Munger, 10. 4, W. C. Roome, 10. 

?' C. C. Ingraham, scr. 3, H. E. Caldwell. 4, J. S. Johnson, 10 

E.Tenzler, 20. 4, I. G. Perry, 35. 



Time, 1.13. 
Time, 1.11 3-5. 
Time, 1.14. 

5, A. H. Barnett, 70. 
5, J. P. Bliss, 20. 
5, H. H. Maddox, 30. 
5, A. B. Rich. 



Time, 1.03. Kennedy (scratch) 1.05. 
Time, 1.02 3-5. Sanger's Time, 1.03. 

Time,' 1.06 3-5.' 



2, J. B. Fowler, 25. 



A. R. Freeman, 25. 



First Heat, Twelve Starters— 1, Arthur Gardiner. 

Second Heat, Thirteen Starters — 1, Tom Cooper. 

Third Heat, Nine Starters— 1, Ray McDonald. 

First Heat, Eleven Starters— 1, W. L. Curtis, 90. 

Second Heat, Fifteen Starters — 1, L. H. viunger, 15 

Third Heat, Sixteen Starters— 1, W. G. Douglass, I 



5, I. 



First Heat, Ten Starters— 1, 

Second Heat, Ten Starters— 1, 

First Heat, Twelve Starters— 1 

Second Heat, Fourteen Starters— 1 

1 hird Heat, Nine Starters-- 1 

Fourth Heat, Fourteen Starters— 1 



W. J. Helfert. 
H. D. Hutchins. 



, C. J. Lewis, 150, 
G. T. Bates, 130. 
, F. J. Jenney, 61). 
,H. D. Hutchins, 50. 



ONE-MILE RECORD RACE, PROFESSIONAL. 
C. Hoyt. 3, A. D Kennedy. 4, C. M. Murphy 

3, W. Coleman. 4, Fred Longhead 

3, Tom ButleY. 4, L. D. Cabanne. 

ONE-MILE HANDICAP. 
2, F. A. Gately, 70. 3, W. II. Minie, 60. 4, C. W. Eastman 60 ,,,,,,, 

2, T. G. Perry, 70. 3, W. C. Roome, 30. 4 J. T. Kellche 3 disci) 5 f A FUhl 
i. 2, J. J. Casey, 15. 3, H. H. Parker, 15. 4', Oscar Hedstrom, 3o! ^ 5, L Plaintiff 1 
ONE-MILE PROFESSIONAL-2.20 Cla^s. 
2, A. E. Weinig. 3, W. Coleman. 4, Monte Scott. 

2, A. T. Crooks. 3, Chas. Hadfield. 4, Otto Maya. 

MILE HANDICAP, PROFESSIONAL. 
2 J B. Bowles, 120. 3, Fred Longhead, 15. I, Chas. Hadfield, 80. 
2, A. R. Ives, HO. :»„ Watson Coleman, 50. 4, Monte Scott, 6(1. 
2, H.R. tvteenson, LOO. 3, E. Acker, 30. I, VV.T. Saunders 110 

2, Ired Schrein, 50. 3, L. A. Callahan, 30. 4, F. H. Allen 30 



5, G. B. Cobb, 30. Time, 1.07 4-5. Dawson, 1.08 
r n t r j £ ime ' lM - Ingham's, 1.04 1-5. 
5, D. J. Grady, 40. Time, 1.04 

' iff, 30. " 



5, L. Plaintiff, 20. Time, 1.07 



Callahan. 
W. M. Randall. 
Owen Kimble. 

R. L. Ludwig, 



5, G. 



6, E. C. Bald. 
6, J. F. Starbu 



Time, 2.27 4-5. 
Time, 2.39. 
Time, 3.39 4-5. 

. Time, 2.23 4-5. 
Time, 3.12 3-5. 
Time, 3.15 2-5. 



Time, :!AS 1-5. 
Time, 8.08. 



«., I. C. Hoyt, 40. Time, 2.11 3-5 

Time, 3.10 3-5. 
Tune, 2.13. 



Supplement to The Wheel and Cycling Trade Review. 



September 4, 



he played in the Springfield scene— his crafty 
face showed it not. And as I thought I mar- 
velled that, after defaming America and 
American sport, he should now screech rabid 
Americanisms and pose as a preacher of all 
that is pure and holy, the while traducing 
men whose shoes he is unfit to lace. He once 
pleaded in print for charity. He received it. 
But he forgets it now. 

Still another turn, and behold! there is 
Springfield rejuvenated, refreshed and the 
stronger, possibly, for the lapse. The figures 
of Windle, Zimmerman, Tyler, Johnson, Sang- 
er, Bald, Cooper, flit before the fancy. In 
quick succession they have pitched their tents 
on the camping ground of Fame. The tents 
are yet there— some frayed and frittering 
away, but still in such shape as to be recog- 
nized by even short-memoried man. 

The Springfield tournaments of late years 
may be likened to a book. They consist of two 
chapters and a preface. The prefaces seldom 
differ. They are necessary, and are reviewa- 
ble and barely interesting— that is all. But, as 
a whole, the book is always of good texture 
and print, and of gilt edge. 

In "sporty" language, the preface is the 
"weeding-out process"— the running of the 
preliminary heats. To-day forty-one of them 
were decided. An entire day was devoted to 
the operation. 

Some way or other, and though may be 
fought with brilliant stubborny and be of the 
dashing and eye-lash finish, a preliminary 
heat inspires but lukewarm interest and frosty 
enthusiasm. So it was to-day. During the 
morning and afternoon some 2,000 people 
looked on. They viewed a number of close 
and spirited finishes, but not once did they un- 
cork their feelings. Springfield now has no 
idol of its own to worship hysterically. Per- 
haps that is the reason. At any rate, there 
were few sounds of enthusiasm and compara- 
tively little craning of necks or rising from 
one's seat. Twice a mere gurgle arose when 
Sanger adoitly pulled himself out of tight 
pockets and placed himself by splendid sprint- 
ing. It seemed to argue that the big fellow is 
to be here, as at Louisville, the popular favor- 
ite. The reason is hard to fathom, but none 
will say Sanger nay. He has had hard knocks 
aplenty in the past. Again, or rather on three, 
several times, in the one and two mile profes- 
sional handicaps, when the limit men ran 
away from the backstarters and in each in- 
stance won with not less than 100 yards to 
spare, the crowd was sufficiently tickled to 
make a firecrackerlike handclapping audible. 

The day was clear but raw and Novembery. 
Only Will R. Pitman had the hardihood to 
affect a white flannel suit. A fresh breeze 
which swept down the backstretch helped the 
men home. The track is reported heavy from 
recent rains, but from the press stand it does' 
not look it. It seems as marblelike as ever. 

But for a bad spill in the forenoon, the rac- 
ing would have been well nigh featureless. 
The fall occurred on the last lap of the last 
heat of the two-mile handicap. The blame is 
laid on Berlo. He was in front and on the 
outside. In endeavoring to take the pole he 
cut across too soon and then slowed. There 
was a crash and several dull thuds. Nat 
Butler, Newton, Bliss and Rigby were among 
the fallea. Butler's collarbone was broken, 
and he will race no more for several weeks. 
Newton's cheek was cut open, but after it 
had been stitched he resumed racing in the 
afternoon. Newton is the little fellow who 
last year ran away with nearly all of the 
Class A events here. To-day marked his 
debut as a pro. He displayed splendid speed 
and judgment, and gave a good account of 
himself. Monte Scott, F. C. Hoyt and H. D. 



Hutchins also joined the "professors," and 
did well. 

Cooper is confining himself entirely to 
scratch events and qualified for all, riding in 
the same determined fashion that character- 
ized his work at Louisville. Tom Butler also 
did as well, getting in one event by a scant 
inch. Sanger qualified in one race by what 
all agree was the grace of the judges. Ca- 
banne clearly beat him out for fourth place, 
but the judges said otherwise. "Charl" Mur- 
phy, one of the returned Argonouts, or per- 
haps Argonaughts, would be a better term, 
rode in the mile record race and looked like 
a winner, until fifty yards from home, when 
he slid back, but by squirming like a cater- 
pillar, managed to squeeze into fourth place. 
Ray Macdonald, another of the returned 
"tourists," has changed to a Columbia and 
won a heat in dashing style. Al Weinig, still 
another, and wearing a very Frenchy suit, 
also placed himself for the morrow. Tom Eck 
acted as his pusher-off. 

Bald shows no improvement on his Louis- 
ville form. He qualified for but one race. 

Ray Dawson, W. C. Roome, Joe Harrison 
and the other metropolitan cracks seem the 
top-notchers in the amateur class. C. C. In^- 
graham, the Illinois man, who so nearly 
swept the deck at the National meet, has 
more than met his match in the Eastern con- 
tingent. 

The tournament proper will not begin until 
to-morrow. 

The farcical "mile international" race is 
again programmed. One entry from Canada 
and three from New Jersey is its nearest ap- 
proach to its name. 

H. W. Robinson, the Boston member of the 
Racing Board, was referee, and those timers 
who are indelibly connected with all Spring- 
field tournaments, O. N. Whipple, C. T. Shean 
and W. H. Jordan held the watches, as usual. 
A. D. Peck was starter, F. L. Buckbee clerk of 
course, and Charles G. Adams announcer. 
There was an air of business about the trio, 
and an agreeable absence of that horseplay 
which characterizes the work of so many 
misguided young men who fill those places. 



WORDS THAT COST. 

Words and their numbers are not always 
arguments; sometimes, however, they must 
be accepted as such. For example, during 
the six days of the recent L. A. W. meet in 
Louisville, an average of 150,000 words were 
sent by telegraph to the various papers 150 
correspondents were at Louisville to repre- 
sent. 

The grand total of 900,000 represented an 
expenditure of nearly $45,000 on the part of 
the papers for telegraph tolls alone, to say 
nothing of other expenses, which would bring 
the cost of recording the wheelmen's doings 
well up to the $100,000 mark. Does any one 
think these "words" and their expensiveness 
prove nothing. 

They prove this, and conclusively, too, that 
the newspapers recognize that, next to politics, 
there are more people interested in pedals 
than in any other one thing, and they acted 
accordingly in giving the fullest possible ac- 
count thereof. 



CHANGING QUIET STREETS. 
A great change has been wrought by the bi- 
cycle in what used to be known as the quiet 
streets of every town and city in the land. On 
the well-paved back streets are nightly seen 
parties of young and old taking their first les- 
sons in bicycle riding. Some of the residents 
do not relish the combination of feminine 
screams, male objurgations and "dull thuds" 
as the mysteries of balancing are explored, 
but as most of them are cyclists themselves 
they make no protest and rather sympathize 
with the students when they recall their own 
wobbly days. 



LIBERTY OR DEBT. 

Receiver Hardin's first report of the af- 
fairs of the Liberty Cycle Company of Rocka- 
way, N. J., and Bridgeport, Conn., submitted 
in the Chancery Court at Newark, on Tues- 
day shows fictitious values of $46,480 67 
placed on assets claimed as $106,480 97, and 
liabilities amounting to $183,563 03. 



Manufacturers should see their wheels as 
those who ride them do. 



Literally, the Japanese for cycling means 
"living machine." 



COME WELL PREPARED. 

In the line of farm machinery, that bearing 
the brand of the tiger and made by the Stod- 



the company's machines have always been in 
farming implements. 

That this intention on the part of the 
Stoddard Company will be carried out, the 




dard Manufacturing Company, Dayton, Ohio, 
has long been famous. It is the intention of 
the Stoddard Company to enlarge their pres- 
ent extensive plant and to produce a bicycle 
that shall be as famous among its kind as 



first Tiger and Tigress wheels completed by 
the company bear ample evidences. The 
Tigers' lair — otherwise !heir heme and birtr. 
place — is shown in the cut herewith of ifrn 
Stoddard Company's plant. 



r$96. 



37 



Morgan * Wright Tires 

ARE GOOD TIRES. 



THE REASON WHY- 



MORGAN & WRIGHT 

QUICK-REPAIR TIRES 

Are to be found on most of the wheels built 
in 1896. is that they give the least trouble 
and the most comfort to the most people. 



WHAT THEY SAY. 

C. R. & W. J. Sutherland, Albany, N. Y.: " We have had no trouble with M. & W. Tires, 

and like them best because they can always be repaired. One of our customers had a tire, 

which he sent back to the factory three times in three weeks, and the last time it came back 
leaking. He was disgusted, you can bet." 



Joseph Berkowitz, Albany, N. Y.- " Out of 80 wheels sold, 72 had M. & W. Tires. Give 
less trouble than any others." 

T. T. Higinbotham, St. Georges, Bermuda : " I repaired my quick-repair t're a short while 
ago. It took just two minutes to make a permanent repair. It is truly wonderful, and you de- 
serve great credit for placing upon the market such an excellent invention." 



ADVICE. 

Don't stick tool into tire before you pump up — harder the better. 

Don't stick tool into the same hole after injecting cement. 

Don't use any but M. & W. quick-repair cement, made for this purpose, and don't fear to 
ask the dealer questions. The quick-repair is illustrated in our catalogue. It is so simple 
that nobody should have the least trouble in making a quick, easy and permanent repair, on the 
road, without taking tire from the rim. 

Remember our liberal guarantee. Send defective tites to us, not to the maker of your wheel. 



Morgan *Wright 

CHICAGO. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



33 



September 4>, 





Morgan &WrjghtTires 
are good tires 



• ® 



W. W. Hamilton. 




PERSONAL MENTION, 







Glenn P. Thayer 




THESE MEN RIDE M. & W. TIRES: 



Anderson, E. E. . .(Stearns) 
Aultman, G. W. (Columbia) 
Aultman, W. J . . . . (Stearns) 

Bald, E. C (Barnes) 

Bainbridge, W... .(Thistle) 
Banta, A. J ... .(Napoleon) 

Beard, H. F (Stearns) 

Becker, W. L (Adlake) 

Bernhardt, O. P.. (Dayton) 

Bird, B B (National) 

Bliss, J. P (Monarch) 

Bo vee, E (Stearns) 

Bowler, J. B.. ..(Halladay) 
Brown, P. E.. ..(Brantford) 

Callahan, L. A...( ) 

Carter, M. F (Barnes) 

Church, C. A (Barnes) 

Clark, H. C (Napoleon) 

Coburn, J (Dayton) 

Coburn, W (Dayton) 

Cooper, T (Monarch) 

Cox,S. C (Crescent) 

Curry, J (Racycle) 

Davis, C. W (Stearns 

De Cardy , W ( Barnes) 

Dennis, M. O.. .(Crescent) 

Dolister, J 

(Warner Special) 
Drees, C. F.... (Cleveland) 

Fairmon, H (World) 

Frederickson, H. E. . 

(Fowler) 

Gardiner, A (Thistle) 

Gill, R. H (Remington) 

Gimm, L (Pirate) 

Grant, G. C (Napoleon) 

Hamlin, C. H.... (Sterling) 
Hamilton, W. W.. 

(Halladay) 

Hause. T (Outing) 

Hofer. C (Dayton) 

Holmes, T . . .'..(America) 

Ingram, W. W (World) 

Jackson, E. F (Stearns) 

Johnson, J. S (World) 

Johnson, L. M.... (Adlake) 

Kaliska, A. A (World) 

Kennedy, A. D (World) 

Kenyon, W. E . . . . (Adlake) 



Kimble, O (Outing) 

Kolb, C (Cleveland) 

Kohl, H (America) 

Laing, A (Rambler) 

Lanster, C. H (Ariel) 

Lawson, J (Fowler) 

Loughead, F (Fowler) 

Lum, W. E. . . ( ) 

Lund, J (Thistle) 

McDonald, R (World 

McFarland, F.. (Halladay) 
McKeon, E. .. (Dayton) 
MeReynolds, B... (Viking) 

Maddox, H (Stearns) 

Maxwell, G. A.. (Kearney) 

Mead, R. F (Spalding) 

Mertens, A. C.... (Dayton) 

Morris, J. D. C...( ) 

Morris, M (Monarch) 

Morrow, B (Sterling) 

Mosher,H.P (Barnes) 

Oldfield.B (Stearns) 

Parsons, J. W (World) 

Pike, C. B (Orient) 

Ramsey, S. W. . . .(Tribune) 

Repine, B (Fowler) 

Rice, R. P (America) 

Ridgley, C M. ..(National) 

Rigby, F (Frontenac) 

Schrein, F (Dayton) 

Senn, A. F... (Remington) 
Shrader. W. C . . . (Andrae) 

Smith, A. E (Adlake) 

Stevens, O L .... (America) 

Swett, L P (Orient) 

Thayer, G P.... (America) 

Thome, K (Outing) 

Tinkham, J. C. ..(America) 

Towle, O. E (Orient) 

VanHerik, H ....(Fowler) 
Van Nest, A. C... (Racycle) 

Walthour, R (Sterling) 

Weilep, A.J (Andrae) 

Weinig, A. E.... (Sterling) 

Weirick, C (Stearns) 

Wenzel, W. A.. (Napoleon) 

Wilmans, L (Adlake) 

Woodlief, J. A.. (Columbia) 
Ziegler, Otto (Barnes) 



SOME OF THE WINNERS: 

J. Dolister, on a Warner Special, with Morgan & Wright 
Tires, won the mile Racine County Championship, at 
Racine, Wis., Aug. 23. 

J. Curry, on a Racycle, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
mile professional, at Marshall, Ills., Aug. 27. 

R McDonald, on a World, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
one-third mile open, professional, at Bridgeport, Ct , Aug. 
28. 

Owen Kimble, on an Outing, with M . & W. Tires, won 
the mile handicap, professional, at Bridgeport, Ct., Aug. 



L. E. Lange, on a Fowler, with M. & W. Tires, won two 
first time prizes in one day— five-mile and ten-mile road 
races, Chicago, Aug. 22. 



A. J. Banta, on a Napoleon, with M. & W. Tires, won 
the mile open, at Marshall, Ills., Aug. 23. 



O. A. Repass, on Morgan & Wright Tires, won the 
County Championship, at Perry, la., Aug. 22. 



Tom Davis, on a Fowler, with M. & W. Tires, won" the 
mile open, at Emporia, Kan., Aug. 24. 



the two-mile handicap, professional, at Emporia, 
Aug. 24. 



J. Converse, on a Remington, with M. & W. Tires, ■ 
the mile handicap, at St. Louis, Mo., Aug. 22. 



A; D. Kennedy, on a World, with M. & W. Tires, won 
the two-mile handicap, professional, at Binghamton, N. Y., 
Aug. 28. 

R. W. Crouse, on Morgan & Wright Tires, won the two- 
mile event, at Allentown, Pa., Aug. 16, in 4.16— State 
record. 



J. Lawson, on a Fowler, with M. & W. Tires, made two 
State records, at Wichita, Kan., Aug. 25 — quarter-mile in 
.27 2-5 ; half-mile in 1.00 2-5. 

F. Rigby, on a Frontenac, with M. & W Tires, won the 
mile open, professional, at Saratoga, N. Y., Aug. 25. 

A. V. Jackson, on a Fowler, with M. & W. Tires, won 
the half-mile open, amateur, at Milwaukee,- Wis., Aug. 26. 

W. E. Kenyon, on an Adlake, with M. & W. Tires, won 
the mile open, professional, at Milwaukee, Wis., Aug. 26. 

W. L. Becker, on an Adlake, with M. & W. Tires, won 
the mile handicap, at Milwaukee, Wis., Aug. 46. 



Otto Ziegler, on a Barnes, with M. & W. Tires, won 1 
lile open, professional, at Binghamton, N. Y., Aug. 28. 



H. A. Coussirat, on a Cleveland, with M. & W. Tires, 
won the Provincial Championship, at Montreal, Can., 
Aug. 15. 



E. Davis, Jr., on a Zimmy, with M. & W. Tires, 
half-mile professional, at Westport, Wash., Aug. 1 



A. F. Clark, on a Thistle, with M. & W. Tires, won first 
time in ten-mile road race, at Bennington, Vt., Aug. 15. 

F. H. Roberts, on a Dayton, with M. & W. Tires, won 
the mile open, half-mile open, and five-mile handicap, at 
Keosauqua, la., Aug. 15. 



Karl Mull, on a Stearns, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
half-mile open, amateur, at Mason City, Ills., Aug. 21. 



J. W. Jones, on Morgan & Wright Tires, won the two- 
mile open, at Grand Ledge, Mich., Aug. 19. 



G. P. Thayer, on an America, with M. & W. Tires, won 
the two-mile open, professional, at Toledo, O., Aug. 21. 



E. C. Haynes, on a Columbia, with M. & W. Tires, won 
first time in ten-mile road race, at Buffalo, N. Y., Aug. 32. 



L. P. Swett, on an Orient, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
mile open, at Old Orchard, Me., Aug. 24. 



C. Reinke, on a Telegram, with M. & W. Tires, won the 
two-mile handicap, at Milwaukee, Wis., Aug. 36. 



A BIG WEEKLY TOTAL. 

Number of winners mentioned above 

Crowded out 

Total 




Jack Coburn. 








Frank Rigby. 





Morgan &WrightTires 
are good tires 





Arlliui Gai 



1896. 



39 



gan&WrightTires 

WE GOOD TIRES 



Morgan &WrightTires 
are good tires • 



A STRING OF MEETS 

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Total, 136 out of 230 places won on Morgan & Wright Tires — far more 
than won on all other tires combined. 



WORLD'S RECORDS. 

Arthur Gardiner, on a Thistle, with Morgan & Wright Tires, at Bridgeport, Ct., August 28, set a 
new world's mark for the single paced, exhibition mile — 1.57 2-5. 

Earl Bovee, on a Stearns, with Morgan & Wright Tires, established a world's record for the two- 
thirds mile, in competition, at Binghamton, N. Y., August 24. Time, 1.25 flat. 



NATIONAL CIRCUIT WINNINGS. 

Beginning with San Antonio, Tex., June 5, and including Saratoga, N. Y., August 25, Morgan 
Wright Tires have won 372 out of 706 places. Far more than won on all other tires combined. 



MORGAN &, WRIGHT, 



CHICAGO. 



Morgan &WrightTires 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



Morgan &WrightTires 

are good tires 



September 4, 



INTERNATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS. 

Everybody in Copenhagen Went to See Them, 
and England at l^ast Gets a 
I^ook In. 

Copenhagen, Aug. 18.— It is over! A 
thing of the past and of history!! "It" 
refers to the International meet of the 
current year, and it has hung over this 
city for the past three days much to the en- 
joyment of the cycle racing portion of the 
public. This portion is large, and was aug- 
mented by hundreds of visiting wheelmen. The 
race meet, was, however, not the only thing 
which hung over the city, for rain clouds were 
there in abundance and much to the conster- 
nation of the aforenamed crowds persisted in 
frequent unpleasant demonstrations of their 
nearness. Aside from the numerous showers 
on the three days, the meet must be described 
as entirely successful, and the manner in 
which the events were run off showed that the 
officials were men of experience in bringing 
off race meets satisfactorily. Possibly the pro- 
gramme could have been improved, but as 
it was the races with one or two exceptions 
were hard fought, exceedingly interesting and 
long to be remembered. 

All of the races were run without the aid of 
pace-makers, with the two exceptions of the 
100-kil. professional and the event for 
amateurs for the same distance. In these 
races the competitors were allowed the privi- 
lege of providing themselves with as much 
assistance in this direction as they wished, 
and this was fully taken advantage of. 

The total attendance of the three days was 
estimated as exceeding 25,000. These mem- 
bers of the royal family, King Christian and 
Queen of Denmark, Crown Prince and Crown 
Princess, Prince Christian, and the two 
younger princesses, together with Prince Val- 
damar and Princess Marie, lent their presence 
on the opening day. 

Newspaper men and trades people were on 
hand in large numbers. Charles Sumner, the 
European traveller for the Pope Company, 
alone represented American trade interests 
and the cycling enthusiasm of your country. 

On the opening day the first event was the 
mile amateur international championship run 
in seven heats and three semi-finals. They 
resulted as follows: 1, Guillamet, France; 2, 
Peterson, Denmark; 3, Diakoff, Russia; 4, 
Leclarcq, Belgium; 5, Schrader, Denmark; 6, 
Alexander, Scotland; 7. Reynolds, Ireland. 
First semi-final, Guillamet; 2, Schrader; 3, 
Reynolds. 

The final caused intense interest. It was a 
play for position until the last eighth, when 
Reynolds took the pole and jumped for the 
rope. Guillamet wa=s at his rear wheel, but 
despite his best endeavors, Reynolds won 
by half a length, Schrader two lengths in the 
rear of Guillamet. 

The second race of the day was the 100 
kilometres (sixty-three miles, or 300 laps), 
and brought out four riders— J. W. Stocks, 
England; A. A. Chase, England; F. Ger- 
ger, Germany, and H. Lyton, Belgium. The 
men had thein pace-makers, which included 
quads and triplets galore. 

Seventy kilometres from the finish a chain 
on the quad pacing Stocks "rode off," and he 
lost half a lap in connecting with his re- 
served machine. Pace-makers were then 
changed more frequently, as the men were 
endeavoring to either make up what was lost 
or increase what was gained, and at the end 
of another ten kilometres the separating dis- 
tance was a half lap in favor of Chase, rider 
of the leverchain. Endeavors and the odds 
against him told severely on Stocks, so that 
at the completion of fifty miles Chase lapped 
his man. From this point on Stocks rode 



as one in a comatose state, and frequent 
drafts of liquid, coaxing and encouragement 
on the part of his pace-makers were neces- 
sary to keep him up with them. Chase, on 
the other hand, continued to move strong 
and showed no apparent weakening, and fin- 
ished in a hard drive seven laps ahead of 
Stocks and thirty-nine ahead of Gerger. 

The time, 2:14:1 1-5, was 2:16 2-5 slower 
than the world's record for the distance. 
No intermediate records were touched. 

On the second day the mile international 
professional brought together all the great 
riders of the Continent. Jacquelin, France, 
took the first heat, and Bourillons, France, 
the second. Jaap Eden did not start. At the 
bell in the final, both Barden and Bourillons 
jumped, the former taking the pole from Jac- 
quelin. Coming into the homestretch Jacque- 
lin tried to squeeze through on the pole, but 
was unable to do so, and Bourillons by a mag- 
nificent sprint passed Barden and crossed the 
tape first with the Englander half a wheel 
back and Jacquelin a length to the rear. Jac- 
quelin claimed that "elbow works" shut him 
off from coming through, but his argument did 
not change the decision, and the result was 
Bourillon, Barden and Jacquelin. 

TOO MUCH TALKING. 

"Talking it over with Gideon?" Yes, that's 
just the trouble. On the racetrack there is 
always too much "talking over" with some- 
body. Men who are known to be perpetual 
"fakirs," after the most glaring violations of 
the rules of the Racing Board — frequently ac- 
companying the same with violations of the 
laws of common decency— will, either person- 
ally or through their trainers or through 




some friend or "heeler," make the most stupid, 
nonsensical and empty defences. Sometimes 
they are most ingenious, and are fraught 
with a large vocabulary, so that the referee's 
life is made miserable. 

He, a man who holds a difficult position, en- 
tirely without payment and always without 
reward except the doubtful glory of a fleet- 
ing afternoon, is surrounded by a mob who 
listen open-mouthed to the pros and cons in 
the game of argument. 

The team race between Denmark and Bel- 
gium riders was run in four heats, the Danes 
winning the greater number of points. The 
third day opened with a special mile race be- 
tween Reynolds, Ireland, and Bourillon, 
France, the winners of the amateur and pro- 
fessional championships. Reynolds set the 
pace. He pulled the Frenchman around at a 
merry clip until the homestretch, when the 
frogeater romped home as he pleased. The 
100 kilometres amateur championship 
brought out an even dozen starters. Pons- 
carme, France, caught the quad, with Dia- 
koff, Russia, second. At 20 miles the Rus- 
sian gained a lap over the Frenchman, at 29 
miles the latter made up the first lap and took 



the lead. At 37 miles he had three laps to 
the good, and at 56 miles was nine laps ahead 
of his nearest competitor, Diakoff. Fresh 
pacemakers aided the Russian to gain three 
laps, the result being a victory for Ponscarme 
by five laps, Diakoff ten laps ahead of Han- 
sen, Denmark. Summary: 

Mile amateur,' world's championship — 1, 
Reynolds; Ireland; 2, Schrader, Denmark; 3, 
Guillamet, France. Time, 3:51. 

One hundred kilometres, professional cham- 
pionship — 1, Chase, England; 2, Stocks, Eng- 
land; 3, Gerger, Germany. Time, 2:14:01 2-5. 

Mile professional, world's championship — 1, 
Bourillon, France; 2, Barden, England; 3, 
Jacquillon, France. 

One hundred kilometres, amateur world's 
championship — 1, Ponscarme, France; 2, Dia- 
koff, Russia; 3, Hansen, Denmark. Time, 
2:31:13 2-5. 

One kilometre, professional handicap— 1, 
Parlby, England, 10 metres; 2, Huret, Bel- 
gium, 25 metres; 3, Collier, England, 90 
metres; 4, Jacquelin, scratch. 



WHOOPED UP ON HUDSON. 

Cyclists monopolized the Hudson County 
Boulevard on Saturday last. They trooped 
to the new thoroughfare by pairs and in 
squads until nearly 2,000 riders were gath- 
ered, and they were formed in line and pa- 
raded over the Bayonne end. The parade 
was held to celebrate the completion of the 
great highway. Many of the houses along the 
line of march were decorated. The sidewalks 
were thronged with enthusiastic onlookers. 
About all the clubs in New-Jersey were repre- 
sented in the parade, but unattached riders 
predominated. 

The grandstand was in front of the busi- 
ness men's cycling quarters, near the inter- 
section of Duncan-ave. The judges were 
Mayor Wanser, of Jersey City; Mayor Fagan, 
of Hoboken; Mayor Seymour, of Bayonne; 
Sheriff John J. Toffey, the Rev. J. Lester 
Wells, Aaron S. Baldwin, Frank S. Petter, 
Alexander Dusenberry, Chief Consul Gentle, 
of New- Jersey; John G. Fisher, Captain 
Harry H. Br'inckerhoff, Horace H. Farrier 
and Chief Consul I. B. Potter, of New-York. 

The prize awards were as follows: The club 
having the most members in line, Hudson 
County Wheelmen; the organization making 
the best appearance, Clio Wheelmen; cap- 
tain of the best-appearing club, John J. Cor- 
ley; most graceful man rider, G. Frederick 
Ripp; best decorated man, J. C. Arrowsmith; 
neatest lady, Miss Elsie Lang; neatest man, 
Alderman Vermilye; best fantastic costume, 
H. Dewey (sea-serpent); neatest girl, Miss 
Florence Cahill; oldest wheel, William Whit- 
ney; smallest wheel, Miss Hattie Madden; 
graceful boy, Daniel Row; graceful girl, Miss 
Harriet Vreeland; fat man, G. M. Parr. 



WEATHER AND ROAD CHARACTER COUNT. 

Morgan & Wright offer a prize, cost value 
$50, for the. most meritorious ride in 1896; 
distance, weather, and character of the road 
to count; second prize, cost value, $25; third 
prize, set of tires. They also offer for the 
best time in road race, distance ten miles, a 
prize to cost $25, and a prize of the same 
value for the best time in a 25-mile road race. 
For the fastest mile in competition, they offer 
a prize to cost $50. 



NOT TO EXCEED SIX. 
The Washington (D. C.) authorities have de- 
creed that wheelmen must pass all street 
crossings at a pace not exceeding six miles 
per hour. Between intersecting streets they 
may ride twelve miles per hour. The law for- 
bidding the carrying of babies on bicycles has 
been rescinded. 



1896. 



RACING BOARD'S BULLETIN. 

Suspended During- Investigation. 

E. N. Ward, Winfleld, Kan; A. E. Irons, Chi- 
cago, 111., and Meadville, Penn.; A. B. Goehler, 
W. D. Cleland, C. V. Horan, J. F. Higgins, W. 
E. De Temple, J. T. Finn, all of Buffalo, N. Y. 

October 3 has been assigned to A^im Bicycle 
Club, Newark, N. J., as a National Circuit date. 

Tandem professional records made at San 
Jose, Cal., May, 1896, by William Evans and Will- 
iam Matton, have been accepted, as follows: 
Unpaced, flying start against time, three-quar- 
ters mile, 1:25 3-5; one mile, 1:54 2-5; two miles, 
4:04 2-5; three miles, 6:171-5; four miles, 8:26; five 
miles, 10:53 3-5; ten miles, 22:17. 

Professionalized. 

Gib Wilcox, Mobile, Ala., Clause B. 

I. U. Kinsey, Jr., Savannah, Ga., Clause F. 

Clark Brown, Toledo, Ohio, own request. 

George Atkins, Philadelphia, Penn., own re- 
quest. 

Charles Heard, Philadelphia, Penn., Clause B. 

W. Quinn, Keene; N. H., Clause I. 

R. B. Gregory, West Norwalk, Conn., Clause I. 

Ed McKeon, Greenville, Ohio, Clause B. 

Charles Lewis, Mansfield, Ohio, Clause F. 

Frank A. Butler, Boston, Mass., Clause B. 

H. H. Brower, Washington, D. C, Clause B. 

Walter E. Dickerson, Palmyra, N. J., Clause B. 

W. H. Bex, Saratoga Springs, N. Y., own re- 
quest. 

W. J. Anthony, Saratoga Springs, N. Y., own 
request. 

W. F. Hanks, Saratoga Springs, N. Y., own 
request. 

George Sanborn, Jr., Fonda, Iowa, Clause A. 

John Bridges, Fonda, Iowa, Clause A. 

Will Paulson, Alta, Iowa, Clause A. 

W. Knehens, William Obermueller, O. J. 
O'Brien, Marion Stevens, M. J. Williams, Mike 
Cullinane, M. MeDonough, T. J. Lemke, J. F. 
Barsaloux, J. M. Sheehan, E. C. Graham, H. A. 
Mengels, J. M. J. Thornton, Fred Eichman, H. 
C. Jones, Thomas Murphy, H. Falvey, C. F. 
Stevens, all of -St. Louis, Mo., Clause B. 

Byrd Moore, Fort Dodge, Iowa, Clause B. 

George T. Huebner, Fort Dodge, Iowa, 
Clause B. 

George D. Grant, Detroit, Mich., Clause B. 

C. K. Denman, Omaha, Neb., Clause B. 

A. E. Proulz, Omaha, Neb., Clause B. 

J. L. H. Holton, Omaha, Neb., Clause B. 

J. F. Culley, Omaha, Neb., Clause B. 

M. Griffith, Lincoln, Neb., Clause B. 

T. W. Underwood, Chapin, Iowa, Clause B. 

H. W. Dean, Waverly, Iowa, Clause B. 

E, H. Streeter, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Clause B. 

S. H. Page, Waverly, Iowa, Clause B. 

William H. Williamson, Niagara Falls, N. Y., 
Clause D. 

Louis C. Howard, Grand Rapids, Mich., 
Clause F. 
'Will O'Neil, Warren, Ind., Clause A. 

Fred T. Bailey, Jr., Nashville, Tenn., Clause D. 

Clarence Kellett, Oshkosh, Wis., Clause B. 
■O. F. Bohman, Chicago, 111., own request. 

Rumler, Atkinson, 111., Clause B. 

Fay Hunter, Atkinson, 111., Clause B. 

Edward Johnson, Atkinson, 111., Clause B. 

William Sears, Atkinson, 111., Clause B. 

Walter Kline, Geneseo, 111., Clause B. 

J. Boyd Anderson, Nantlcoke, Penn. 

P. P. Dawson, Newman, 111. 

George C. Stratton, Washington, D. C, 
Clause B. 

W. O. Woodward, Washington, D. C, 
Clause B. 

H. F. Palmer, Milwaukee, Wis., Clause B. 

Lewis Dorris, Nashville, Tenn., Clause D. 

Ben Pepperman, Montgomery, Ala., Clause I. 

R. S. Smith, Brighton, Mass., Clause G. 

C. M. Buiting, Daroy, Penn., Clause G. 

Arthur Boone, Darby, Penn., Clause B. 

J. J. Miller, Darby, Penn., Clause B. 

Guy Stapleton, Beeville, Tex., Clause I. 

Charles Cunningham, Beeville, Tex., Clause I. 

Mike Haskell, Beeville, Tex., Clause I. 

Ben Smith, Beeville, Tex., Clause I. 
Suspended. 

For competing in unsanctioned races George 
W. Drury, Winchendon, Mass., thirty days from 
August 24. 

For competing in unsanctioned races^James 
Boyd, Wiley Harris, George Murray, Elmer 
Kelly, Lou Boyd, Peter Sarald, Daniel Coyne, 
Frank Acker, Minneapolis, Minn.; Fred Ward 



Smith, F. Smith, Dan Armstedt, St. Paul, Minn. ; 
William Lawson, Cambridge, 111.; Frank W. 
Smith, Sharon, 111., are suspended for ninety 
days from August 26. 

For competing in unsanctioned races, William 
Paulson, Alta, Iowa, suspended for sixty days 
from August 26. 

For competing in unsanctioned races, George 
Sanborn, Jr., and John Bridges, Fonda, Iowa., 
are suspended for thirty days from August 28. 

For competing in unsanctioned races, 

Terry, Lemonte, Mo., and John Derham and 
Will H. Reynolds, Sedalia, Mo., are suspended 
for thirty days from August 22. 

For false entry, Alvah L. Mowry and Alton 
E. Stevens, Providence, R. I., and William 
Knott, Pawtucket, R. I., are suspended for thir- 
ty days from August 25. 

For competing in unsanctioned Sunday races 
after warning, following are permanently sus- 
pended from all track racing: W. Knehens, 
William Obermueller, O. J. O'Brien, Marion 
Stevens, M. J. Williams, Mike Cullinane, M. Me- 
Donough, T. J. Lemke, J. M. Sheehan, E. C. 
Graham, H. A. Mengels, J. M. J. Thornton, Fred 
Eichman, H. C. Jones, Thomas Murphy, M. Fal- 
vey, C. F. Stevens, all of St. Louis, Mo. 

For competing in unsanctioned races, Wilbur 

Townsend, Ernst Giddings, Richmond Hoyt, 

Berry, Small, Danbury, Conn., are suspend- 
ed for thirty days from August 28. 

For competing in unsanctioned races after 
warning, Charles Tallman, A. K. Wheeler, 
Harry Wheeler, George M. McKay, Dr. James 
Mills, H. D. Murdock, William Mason, Janes- 
ville, Wis.; Fred Burgess, Fred Knobel, B. Ack- 
ley, Evansville, Wis , are suspended for sixty 
days from August 28. 

For competing in unsanctioned races, Henry 
Motel, Claymon, Wis., is suspended for thirty 
days from August 29. 

For false entry, Guy R. Lee, Depere, Wis., 
suspended for thirty days from August 29. 

For entering a race in which he was not entitled, 
Earl Bovee, Bingham ton, N. Y., suspended for 
sixty days from August 29. 

Suspensions Removed. 

Victor Eckberg, Worcester, Mass. 

M. A. Conlin, Milford, Mass. 

L. N. Gowell, Weston, Mass. 

Charles H. Drury, Winchendon, Mass. 

George H. Drury, Winchendon, Mass. 

Charles H. Brown, Allston, Mass. 

Herbert L. Snell, Brockton, Mass. 

W. C. McCready, Boston, Mass. 

L. E. Jolton, Omaha, Neb. 

H. C. Gadke, Omaha, Neb. 

Jack Cully, Omaha, Neb. 

R. T. White, Omaha, Neb. 

G. A. Holton, Omaha, Neb. 

Isaac Charlton, Philadelphia, Pa. 

C. J. Lewis, Northampton, Mass. 

Suspensions Reduced. 

Robert M. Rath, Dodge City, Kan., to expire 
September 1. 

L. R. Lefferson, Ocean Grcve, N. J., to expire 
September 5. 

Sportsman's Park and Club, St. Louis, Mo., has 
been placed upon the list of those to whom the 
sanction privilege is denied. 

Sanctions Granted. 

September 23, 24— Barry Co. Agri. Society, 
Hastings, Mich. 

September 11— Hillsboro Co. Fair and Driv. P. 
Ass'n, Hillsboro, 111. 

September 3, 4— Morrison Fair Ass'n, Morrison, 
111. 

September 3— Howard City Driv. P. and Agri. 
Society, Howard City, Mich. 

September 3— Dwight Cycling Club, Dwight, 111. 

September 7— Soo Falls Wheelmen, Sioux Falls, 
S. Dak. 

September 14, 15, 16— Goodhue Co. Agri. Society, 
Zumbrota, Minn. 

September 16— Merchants' Club, Alton, I». 

September 7— Capital City Cycling Club, Lin- 
coln, Neb. 

September 26— Omaha Wheel Club, Omaha, 
Neb. 

September 15— Graphic Pub. Co., Pine Bluff, 
Ark. 

September 5, 10— Metropolitan Cycle Racing 
Af-s'n, New-York, N. Y. 

September 1— Buffalo Ath. Field, Buffalo, N. Y. 

September 7— Port Ewen Bl. Club, Port Ewen 
N. Y. ' 

September 7— Fort Dayton Steamer Co., Her- 
kimer, N. Y. 

\ 



September 9, 10— Wash. Co. Agri. Soc, Sandy 
Hill, N. Y. 

September 22, 23, 24— Dryden Ag. Soc, Dryden, 
N. Y. 

September 24— Brockport Agri. Society, Brock- 
port, N. Y. 

September 7— St. Mary's Church, Hudson, N. Y. 

September 1— Springfield Racing Club, Spring- 
field. O. 

September 4— Leipsic Street Fair, Leipsic, O. 

September 10, 11— Huron Co. Agri. Society, Nor- 
walk, O. 

September 2— Capital Cit, Cycling Club, In- 
dianapolis, Ind. 

September 1— Ohio Meet Club, Bryan, O. 

September 7— Viking Club, Toledo, O. 

September 2— The Marquette Club Co., Cleve- 
land, O. 

September 16— J. T. Burns, Leominster, Mass. 

September 2, 3— Weweeden Cycle Club, Nan- 
tucket, Mass. 

September 7— Caledonian Club, Pittsfield, Mass. 

September 7— Littleton Driving Pk. Ass'n, Lit- 
tleton, Mass. 

September 16, 17, 18— R. J. Casey, Bridgewater, 
Mass. 

September 10— L. W. Rawson, Worcester, Mass. 

September 15— Woodstock Agri. So., S. Wood- 
stock, Conn. 

September 10-^J. E. Rider, Portsmouth, N. H. 

September 14— Columbia Co. Agri. Soc, Blooms- 
burg, Pa. 

October* 2-^Carbon Co. Agri. Sec, Lehighton 
Pa. 

September 15, 16— Warren Co. Fair Ass'n, War- 
ren, Pa. 

September 7— C. G. MacDavatt, Pompton Lake, 
N.J. 

September 26— Electric Wheelmen, Reading, Pa. 

September 27— James L. Ives, Arlington, Md. 

September 10, 11, 12— Associated Cycling Clubs, 
Pittsburg, Pa. 

September 7— Atalanta V heelmen, Newark 
N.J. 

September 3— Delta Wheelmen, Lebanon, Pa. 

September 4— O. S. Bunnell, Willow Grove, 
Phila. 

September 5--Prof. H. J. Hockenberry, Carbon- 
dale, Pa. 

September 18— Kankakee Fair Ass'n, Kanka- 
kee, 111. 

September 12— Saginaw Wheelmen, Saginaw, 
Mich. 

September 9— Freeport Cycling Club, Freeport, 
111. 

September 19— Elkhorn Park and Cycle Ass'n, 
Elkhorn, Neb. 

September 8— Danville Fair and Trotting Ass'n, 
Danville, 111. 

September 2— Flushing Wheelmen, Flushing, 
Mich. 

September 4— F. W. Moulton, Chicago, 111. 

September 17— Dodge City Wheel Club, Dodge 
City, Kan. 

September 1— Ark. Travellers' Club, Little 
Rock, Ark. 

September 15— Modern Wtodmen, Parsons, 



PACER VERSUS PEDAL PUSHER. 

The match race between W. W. Hamilton 
and the horse Joe Patchen is to take place 
at Rochester, N. Y., on September 19. The 
purse is $2,000. Hamilton will have the pole, 
and the track, which is a very fast mile 
course, will be especially prepared for this 
event. The original intention was to run this 
race at Chicago, but owing to trouble in get- 
ting Washington Park track and putting it 
in condition the Rochester course was sub- 
stituted. Besides the race between the fa- 
mous pacer and Hamilton, a programme of 
cycle races will be given. 



Maine has a "cycling authority." It 1m 
called "The Inkeytaker," and is the L. A. W. 
division's official paper, the fathers of the 
sheet being the Portland Wheel Club, Port- 
land Me. The sheet is bright, fresh and in- 
teresting. 

"Wheel Talk," Morgan & Wright's monthly 
magazine, now has a circulation of 29,000 
copies. It is sent free t« dealers and repair- 
men. 



42 



September 4, 



TffflH 




THE ROAD TO DEATH. 

Where the Grim Destroyer Awaits Ignorant, 
Brakeless and Foolhardy- 
Riders. 

To those New Yorkers who frequent the 
Boulevard, taking their daily rides to River- 
side Drive and Grant's Tomb, real cycling is 
unknown. Its pleasures and its dangers are 
a closed book to them. Content each day 
with a repetition of the scenes of the previous 
day's ride, and pedalling smoothly over 
asphalted tracks and avoiding trucks, they 
have no idea of the glories which unfold to 
the eye of the cyclist who rides out into the 
country, nor, in fact, of the difficulties and 
dangers of such riding. 

Convenient to New Tork, and full of the 
luring charm of good roads, pure air and 
pleasant scenery, is the country around Fort 
Lee, across the Hudson River from New 
York. 




AT THE TOP OK THE GORGE ROAD 



Here the rider wheels through quiet woods, 
past pretty homes and open, rolling country. 
But, as every pleasure has some drawbacks, 
so has this beautiful country several pitfalls 
for the unwary rider. 

In wheeling over unfamiliar roads con- 
stant care should be exercised, but that rid- 
ers do not observe this caution is shown by 
the red history of one road in Bergen County 
—the Gorge Road— a road that once traveled 
awheel, at once and forever settles the so- 
called "brake question" in the minds of all 
but the most bigoted or conceited fools. 

The road is really a blemish on the beau- 
tiful Palisades. It leads down the Palisades 
to the Hudson River from the main road be- 
tween Fort Lee and Guttenberg. In this part 
of the highlands across the Hudson the roads 
are lined with woods, in the deep shadow of 
which rich ferns and mosses grow, and many 
brooks wind in and out. The trees cast pleas- 
ant shadows on the level road, and as the 
cyclist wheels along he is lulled to a feeling 
of dreamy, unthinking content. In these 
leafy shadows the Gorge Road begins, and 
it seems, in its smooth macadam surface and 
border of trees, to be but a continuation of 
the main road running south along the brow 
of the hill. 

After the first 150 yards the road becomes 
steep and rough, a condition which cannot be 
seen from the top of the hill. A rough dirt 
road, uneven and covered with stones and 
rocks, succeeds the smooth macadam. On 



the right rise steep rocks; on the left, the 
hill falls away in a deep gully, filled with 
rocks, small trees and underbrush. A few 
stones thrown together in the form of an ir- 
regular stone wall, about two feet high, with 
here and there a jagged opening, are all that 
edge the road on this, its dangerous side. 
Unwary riders wheel and often coast gayly 
along the first 500 feet of the road, about to 
the second lamppost, at which point they 
almost invariably lose control of their wheels 
and pitch headlong into the gorge. 

The road presents a very seductive appear- 
ance at the top of the hill, where it is as flat 
as the main road itself, and, furthermore, 
has been lavishly treated for a distance of 
about 600 feet with a dressing of fine maca- 
dam. 

The fact of the matter is the main road 
swings at right angles westward at this point 
over a bit of most unpromising looking road- 
bed, a prospect which urges many into the 
dangers of the Gorge Road. 



Well knowing the numbers who have been 
killed and injured here, and attributing their 
mishaps to poor riding or lack of nerve, they 
deliberately start down the fatal incline, full 
of the conceit that they can do what others 
have failed in doing. About a fortnight ago 
two riders started to wheel down the Gorge 
Road. One of them, having no brake, lost 
control of his wheel at the bad place in the 
road. Realizing his danger he made an effort 
to catch hold of the lamppost on the edge of 
the gorge, but failed, and he and his wheel 
pitched into the gully. Luckily his companion 
was a physician, and the unfortunate cyclist 
was rescued and patched up on the spot. 

Those who will persist in riding down this 
road would do well to emulate the example 
of this last aspirant for glory, who had the 
forethought to take a physician with him. 
The road is not much travelled, and the 
chances are that lone riders injured here 
would lie in the gully unaided until perhaps 
beyond medical aid. 




Those familiar with the road are not sur- 
prised at the number of accidents which oc- 
cur on it. The only cause for wonder is that 
there are not more casualties, or more ratal 
ones, among those which do occur. Riders 
are more or less dangerously injured here 
daily, and two fatal accidents have occurred 
so far this season, despite the fact that there 
is a great black, red and white danger sign 
near the top of the road, warning cyclists 
not to coast the hill. In some respects this 
sign is misleading. It should, moreover, be 
placed nearer the head of the road. Many 
do not see it until it is too late to turn back, 
and as many more, having their attention 
fixed upon the management of their erratic 
wheels, do not see it at all. Then, too, there 
should be at least one other sign on the river 
side of the road, warning wheelmen against 
riding down the road at all, since in going 
down the rider's attention is naturally turned 
toward the river to catch a glimpse of the 
beautiful view presented by the towering 
buildings of New York. A good many, seeing 
the sign and judging the qualities of the road 
from that at its beginning, conclude that they 
can take it in perfect safety by back-pedal- 
ling where coasting might prove dangerous. 
Many riders, too, who are doubtless well 
aware of the dangers of this road, are led by 
vanity to do what caution should prevant. 



The Gorge Road leads down to the Old 
Bull's Ferry, from which boats run to Forty- 
second street, New York, at long Intervals. 

Why any one should wish to take so un- 
promising a route to the city when the fine 
road to Nungesser's and thence on the Hud- 
son County Boulevard stretches out so in- 
vitingly before him is beyond comprehension. 
Notwithstanding it is a little further to the 




Spot where two H/w£^EtNKtiiED 

AHB A NUMBE.R »ADIY KM^T. 

Weehawken Ferry by way of the Boulevard, 
yet the longest way round is the shortest 
way home sometimes, and it might do to add 
in this instance it is the safest and surest. 
The safest course is to steer clear of the 
treacherous Gorge Road altogether and then 
none of the rare charms of that entrancing 
country need be ruthlessly destroyed by a 
fall. 



[8 9 6. 



43 



NATIONAL CIRCUIT DATA. 



PLACE. 


DATE. 


NAME OF TRACK. 


SIZE. 


SURFACE. 


FASTEST 

MILE 
RIDDEN 
ON IT. 


ADDRESS COMMUNICATIONS TO 


Boston, Mass 

Keene.N. H 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Wilkesbarre, Pa 


Sept. 7 
9 

" 12 

" 16 
" 19 

" 26 
" 28 

Oct. 3 
17 


Charles River 
Driving Park 
Tioga 
West Side 
Manhattan Beach 
Crescent 
Fair Grounds 
Waverly Park 


yi Mile. 
A " 
l A " 

w 


Cement 

Clay 

Clay and cinders. . 
Clay 


2.07 

1-57 
1.56 


E. C. Hodges, Boston. 

R. T. Kingsbury. 

C. A. Dimon, 1020 Walnut St. 

E. W. Davis, 163 E. Market St. 

M. B. Macfarlane, 150 Nassau St. 

C. E. Teel. 

J. G. Muirheid, Box 105, Trenton. 

W. J. McKean. 


New York, N. Y 




Plainfield, N. J 

Trenton, ** 

Newark, " 

Washington, D. C 


Pulverized stone. . 

Dirt 

Loam 


2.09 3-4 













FIXTURES. 



SEPTEMBER. 

3-Dwight, I11..C. C. 
4.5— Nashville, Tenn., A. C. 
4— Gouverneur, N. Y.. A. C. 
4-5-7— Chicago, National Cycle Exposition Co. 
5— Mahanoy City, Pa., Wheelmen. 
5— Philadelphia, P. R. R. Y. M. C. A. 
5— Norristown, Pa., Wheelmen, 
s— Harrisburg, Pa., Cycle Track Association. 
5— Erie, Pa., Wanderers. 

5— Norwich, Conn., Rose of N E. Wheel Club 
Sioux Falls, S. D., Wheelmen. 
Lincoln, Neb., C. C. 
Port Ewen, N. Y., Bicycle Club. 
Kalamazoo, Mich., Cycle Club. 
Zanesville, O., B. C. 
Akron, O., Tip Top C. C. 
Vineland, N. J., Cycle Path Association 
7— Boontor, N. J., A. C. 
— Northbridge, Mass., Whitesville B. C. 
—Rockland, Me., Central Wheel Club. 
—Detroit, Mich., Wheelmen. 
— Des Moines, la , L. A. W. Club. 
—Huntington, Ind., C. C. 

—Manhattan Beach, South Brooklyn Wheelmen. 
—Auburn, N. Y., Caledonian club. 
— Newburgh, N. Y., Wheelmen. 
-York, Pa., Wheeling Club. 
— Paterson, N. ]., Tourist Cycle Club. 
-Piqua, O., C. C. 

Bayonne, N. J., New Jersey Athletic Club. 
.— Poughkeepsie, N. Y., Bicycle Club. 
7— Rochester, N. Y., Athletic Club. 

Elmira, N. Y., Kanaweola Cycle Club. 
Norwich, Conn., Cycle Club. 
Portsmouth, Ohio, Cycle Club. 
7 — Syracuse, N. Y., A. A. 
—Canton, Ohio, Bicycle Club. 
—Pueblo, Col., Rovers' Wheel and Athletic Club. 
—Bridgeport, Conn., Rambling Wheelmen. 
—Nashville, Tenn., A. C. 
— Hammonton, N. J., A. C. 
—Pitchburg, Mass., Rollstone C. C. 
— Westboro, Mass., Agricultural Society. 
—Palmer, Mass , Race Meet Association. 
7— Indianapolis— Cycle Track Ass'n. 
—Lima, O., C. C. 

-Grand Rapids, Mich., A. B. Richmond. 
-Red Bank, N. J., Wheelmen. 
-S. Framingham, Mass., Wayside Park Club. 
. -South Orange, N. J., Field Club. 
7— Berlin, Conn., New Britain Wheel Club. 
-Holley, N. Y , A. A. 
-Schenectady, N. Y., County Wheelmen. 
—New Haven, Conn., Rovers' Wheel Club. 
— Marshalltown, I*.. C C. 
Bay City, Mich., Y. M. C. A. 
q— Cleveland, O., Association Wheelmen. 
8— Davenport, la., Fair and Exposition. 
8— White River Junction, Vt., State Fair. 
8— Zanesville, O., B. C. 
8-ji— Des Moines, la., L. A. W. Club. 
9— Freeport.Ill., C. C. 

9— Santa Rosa, Cal., Cycle Park Association. 
10— Bradford, Pa., Central C. C. 
10— Philadelphia, Referee Wheelmen. 
io-n— Jersey ville, 111., C. C. 

IO-H-J3— Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Division Meet. 
n— Saginaw, Mich., Wheelmen. 
12— Hartford. Conn., Capitol Wheel Club. 
12— Lowell, Mass., Spindle City W. 
12— Waverly, N. J., State Fair. 
15— Dover, Me. , Central C. C. 
15-16-17— Cape May, N. J , County Fair. 
17— Dodge City, Kan.. Wheel Club. 
17-18 19— Sioux City, la., Inter-Ocean Wheel Club. 
18-10— Hamline, Mien., Driving Club. 
18— Kankakee, 111., Fair Association. 
19— Wausau, Wis., Wheelmen's Club. 
19— Haverhill, Mass , Cycle Association. 
19— Apollo, Pa., B C. 

33-34— Allentown, Pa . Mercury Wheelmen. 
23-24-35— Allentown. Pa., Allen Wheelmen. 
23-26— Jerico, L. I., Queens Co. Fair. 
24-25— Cuba, N. Y., Fair and Racing Association. 
24-25-26— Chicago, National Cycle Exposition Co. 
25— Poughkeepsie, N. Y., County Fair. 
35— Bloomineton, 111., B. C. 
26-Omaha, Neb.,Wt>eel Club. 
26— Readme. Pa., Electric Wheelmen. 
26— Southbridge, Mass., Bi. Club. 
a8— Tackson, Tenn., Jackson C. C. 
30— Brockton, Mass., Agricultural Society. 



OCTOBER. 
-2-3— Brockton, Mass., Agricultural Society. 

NOVEMBER. 
-28— Chicago, Ills., National Cycle Exposition Co. 



THE ATLANTIC CITY AND PLEASANTVILLE 

BICYCLE TRACK. 

The fastest five-mile track in the world. Send for 
prospectus. T. W. White, Secretary, 1210 Atlantic 
Avenue, Atlantic City, N. J. 



PRIZE MEDALS 

JOHN HARRIOTT, 

3 Winter Street, Boston, Mass. 



Always reliable. 



Send for designs. 



••••CLUB PINS— 



AT SHORT NOTICE. 



Competitors' Numbers, Plain and Neat, with Pins, 

Trainers' Badges, Track Rules, Entry Blanks, 

Regulation L. A. W. Form, Programes, Score 

Cards, Dodgers, Hand Bills, Window 

Hangers, Advertising Blatter, 

Any Description. 



PROMPT ESTIMATES, 



THE WHEEL PRESS, 72 Warren St., New York. 



FIRST ANNUAL 

L. A. W. National Circuit Race Meet 

OF THE 

Great Interstate Fair, 

TRENTON, N. J., 
ON WHEELMEN'S DAY, 

Monday, September 28, 1896. 
The Most Liberal Prizes of any Race Meet In the East. 
For entry blanks and further information, address 
JNO. GUILD MUIRHEID, Sec'y, 

P. O. Box 105, Trenton, N. J. 



BICYCLES FOR EXPORT 

HALL & DOWNING, 

Manufacturers' Agents, 
West Broadway and Warren Street, New York. 



SOME REASONS 

Why Travelers Patronize the Nickel Plate Road. 

1st — Because its rates are always the Lowest. 

2d — Because it gives unexcelled service, includ- 
ing through Wagner Palace Sleeping Cars between 
Boston and Chicago via the Pitchburg and West Shore 
Railroads, and Solid Through Trains between New 
STork and Chicago via the West Shore and Nickel 
P ate Roads. Its day coaches are lighted by gas, heat- 
ed by steam in winter, and are in charge of uniformed 
colored attendants whose services are free to all pas- 
sengers. Its dining car and buffet service is unsur 
passed, and its meal stations serve the best of meals 
at the lowest rates. 

3d— Because it will give you stop-over privileges 
without extra charge at Chautauqua Lake and 
Niagara Falls on all tourist and excursion tickets. 

4th— Because it runs along the shores of beautiful 
Lake Erie, with its cooling breezes, and delightful 
scenery; passing through the famous "Grape Belt" 
of New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, and the "Gas 
Belt '.'of Indiana; the beautiful cities of Erie, Cleve- 
land, Fostoria and Fort Wayne; the Summer Resort 
of Green Springs, and many other noted places. 

5th— Because the Nickel Plate Road is ev-r at the 
front in adopting every improvement tending to the 
Safety, Comfort, Convenience and Pleasure of its 
patrons, and its smoothly running rack, powerful 
locomotives, elegant and luxurious cars and lowest 
rates, designate it as the POPU LAB ROUTE. 

For all information, call on the nearest agent, or 
address F. J. MOORE, General Agent, 23 Exchange 
Street, Buffalo, N. Y. No. 23. 



CHANCE TO GET FOREIGN TRADE. 

Salesman, thoroughly versed in the cycle 
trade, who is going abroad September 1, and 
who has already travelled the ground, desires 
to represent a bicycle and a tire concern ; will 
also be in position to place meritorious cycle 
sundries. Salary or commission ; will establish 
office in London. Address RESULTS, care 
THE WHEEL. »* 



Hard Times Come Again No More. 



Times are most critical, raging political; 
People get radical, speak most emphatical ; 
Some get erratical, not emblematical ; 
Even piratical in the extreme. 

What is the cause of it, so many flaws in it ? 
Each has his paws in it, big money draws in it ; 
Don't care if war's in it, glad of applause in it ; 
Even the law's in it, so it doth seem. 



Troubles enumerate, people oft stay out late ; 
Heartburn which all doth hate soon will the form 

inflate ; 
Now then to compensate, five cents is not too great ; 
Try it at any rate, Yucatan Gum. 



It is the intention of Hurnber & Co., America, Limi- 
ted, to establish during the fall of 1S96 a branch 
retail depot in every prominent city of the United 
States. Applications for the position of manager for 
eiich city will be received until Sept. 15. Salary and 
percentage on sales will be given desirable men. 
Applicants must state general business experience 
(*xperience in the cycle business not a necessary 
requisite). Satisfactory references as to character, 
reputation, business and social connections, caps bili- 
ties and business diligence, together with bonds, 
will be required of each manager. *** 



WENT TWENTY MILES FOR A WHEEL. 

. L. Cook, a 4:30 man, won the 20-mile 
road race at Woodlawn, near Buffalo, on Sat- 
urday last. He covered the course in 54:32 
and won a $100 wheel. Roy Duer took the 
time prize In 54:17. Over half a hundred con- 
testants started. 



September 4, 



MEN AND FIRMS. 

F. W. Settle is the name of the gentleman 
who represents Hermann Boker & Co., of 
New York, in the West, with headquarters at 
Chicago. 

Settle is a model of gentility and good man- 
ners. He does more thinking than talking. 

•His long suit, personally, is a queer habit of 
half closing his eyes while his entire face in- 
dulges in a smile. This smile has so complete 
an individuality that it can fairly he termed 
the Settle smile. It is of a sort that makes 
you think Settle has been chief dignitary at 
ice cream and cake festivals all his life. It en- 
velopes, swallows, cheers and hypnotizes you. 

Mr. Settle is at his best with good men who 
buy goods on their merits, and who are broad 
and logical, and depend, to a degree, for the 
truth of what a salesman says about his wares 
on the character of the man himself. Among 
such Settle has a wide clientele. 

Mr. Settle's house handles good goods, and 
he is at home in disposing of them. He should 
never tackle any other grade— he looks hon- 
est and is honest, and is not adapted to fak- 
ism or buncoing. 

President L. M. Wainwright, of the Central 
Cycle Manufacturing Company, is one of the 
"good fellows" of the trade, in the sense that 
he is a likeable, agreeable, unaffected man. 
Despite his comparatively high position in the 
trade, he is willing and glad to include among 
his acquaintances men who have but a foot- 
hold on the ladder of prominence. This broad- 
ness of acquaintanceship is the seed of pop- 
ularity. At a function of the Louisville sort, 
if one has friends he is sure to be joked with, 
and even perhaps a bit maltreated in the in- 
terest of general good-fellowship. 

Wainwright was slated for a gibe at Louis- 
ville, although it fell short in that a knowledge 
of the same did not, for some reason or other, 
get to the intended victim's ears. 

All Wainwright's familiars know L. M.'s pet 
scheme, hobby, ambition all in one. It is with 
him from the first chill wind of dawn till the 
coming of that regular and childlike emis- 
sion of the lungs which announces that he has 
left behind the cares and worries of business 
life and is in that land of dreams where the 
list price is high and is never cut. It was 
upon this hobby of Wainwright's that the lit- 
tle joke was based. The hobby, put briefly, is 
that Wainwright lives principally for the day 
when the glittering phrase "Capital, one mil- 
lion dollars" appears after the title of his com- 
pany, and the words "L. M. Wainwright, 
President," are traced on its gold-encircled 
stationery. 

But to the joke: A paper went around among 
the good fellows for their signatures, ad- 
dressed to Wainwright and praying him to im- 
mediately make a million-dollar company of 
the Central, and stating that each signer of 
the paper would gladly embrace the oppor- 
tunity of subscribing for stock to the amount 
set opposite his name. 

The last I heard of it, I believe there was 
subscribed just $750,000, and the names of 
nine-tenths of the signers were those of chaps 
whose net salary balance at the end of the 
year would hardly suffice to buy a colored 
shirt! 

Here's to you, Mr. President! May you and 
all other good fellows ever wear suspenders 
upon which are embroidered the prettiest of 
flowers! May your underwear be of silk, and 
may garters of gold encircle the fulness of 
your calf! 

It is history that among the desirable things 
which make character, as heart, intellect, 
judgment, etc., the thing which fewest men 
have is nerve. When you meet it in the cycle 



business, mark it well, for its possessor— at 
least just now— it not of the temper of his fel- 
lows. 

J. F. Vogel, one of the corps of men who con- 
trol the destinies of the Gendron Wheel Com- 
pany, has it to a degree. It is refreshing to 
hear his views on the '97 of cycle-making. 
They go something like this: " 'Ninety-seven? 
The best year we ever had. Over-production? 
Not a bit of it. Rather the other way. 

"Every one knows that the principle of sound 
money will triumph in November. That means 
intensely better times than those of the year 
we have passed through, and yet see what a 
slew of wheels this past season — hard times 
and all— has been taken care of. 

"All the makers are waiting for the election 
to become a part of the past before turning 
the wheels of their factories. And that means, 
compared with the '96 season, just about three 
months less of manufacturing— just about one- 
third of the usual making season cut off. This 
alone will tend to the production of 25 or 30 
per cent less bicycles than last year. 

"Then, through the crush that will eventu- 
ate at the parts factories because of late or- 
dering, some Arms will not get all the material 
they'll want. That will be another element in 
a decreased production. 



Morgan *WrightTires 
are good tires 



DOUBLE-TUBE TIRES THE BEST 



Morgan & Wright 



"Besides, have you ever figured out the 
number of factories that made wheels, and 
lots of them, this year that will not be in the 
arena for '97— factories that have either failed 
or gone out of business, or will do so? It will 
be in the proportion of about one out of four. 

"Add to the above the unmistakable fact 
that the passing season has taught our mak- 
ers the lesson of conservatism, and that they 
have learned it thoroughly enough to fail on 
the side of under rather than over produc- 
tion, and the only logical deduction any sen- 
sible man is capable of is that the number of 
wheels made in '97 will be from 35 to 45 per 
cent less than in '96." 

To be fashionable in Toledo just now you 
have to amalgamate with somebody. 

The Kirk-Young Manufacturing Company, 
makers of the Yale bicycle, are recent con- 
verts to the double state, having purchased 
the plant, business and good will of the Toledo 
Manufacturing Company, which was organ- 
ized a couple of years ago by Samuel Snell. 

By the purchase the Kirk- Young Company 
obtain a very handsome factory and much 
greater capacity. The combined machinery of 
the two companies renders them capable of 
producing 8,000 to 10,000 wheels annually. 

The policy and character of production of 



the company will be as always, except that its 
patrons' interests will be better conserved by 
the increase of facilities. E. E. Kirk, secre- 
tary and treasurer, and H. J. Young, vice- 
president, will continue as managers of their 
respective departments. 

Another Toledo amalgamation brings more 
prominently to the front than ever W. F. 
Dewey, of the Yost Manufacturing Company, 
and the Tally-Ho Tandem Company. 

The latter company has been making tan- 
dems exclusively, and Mr. Dewey has been 
its manager, at the same time being more or 
less active in Falcon affairs. 

And now the Tally-Ho Company and the 
Maumee Cycle Company come together. The 
Maumee Company has made a jobbing wheel, 
and will continue to do so, also continuing the 
Tally-Ho tandem line. 

The Maumee name will be retained for the 
amalgamated companies, and Mr. Dewey has 
been elected president and manager. 



EDITOR DANA ON BRAKES. 

It is seldom that a lay writer lands so near 
the mark in cycling matters as the Editor 
of the "New- York Sun" has succeeded in do- 
ing in the following editorial : 

"The record of bicycle accidents for the last 
six months shows that a large percentage of 
the fatalities have been caused directly by 
the inability of the riders to stop their wheels 
quickly at the critical moment. Back pedal- 
ling has proved to be a dangerous and inse- 
cure substitute for the hand brake. The 
-presence of the brake on every one of next 
year's wheels would be a surer guarantee of 
safety to the wheeling and non-wheeling com- 
munity alike than either careful or skilful 
riding, or even the strict enforcement of the 
law. 

"Last February, when the resolution re- 
quiring brakes on bicycles was before the 
Aldermen, it was defeated apparently on the 
testimony of a few well-known wheelmen con- 
spicuous for their lack of wisdom and of ex- 
perience in cycling. But at that time the ex- 
periment of abandoning the brake was com- 
paratively new. While many riders had tried 
it, the majority had not. The members of 
both classes, however, must have learned 
since then, by observation, if not by personal 
mishap, that no bicycle is safe or complete 
unless provided with a readily applied brake. 

"The fact that any wheel may be supplied 
with a brake at the rider's pleasure is not 
enough. Manufacturers should encourage its 
use by exhibiting and recommending ma- 
chines which are neatly equipped with brakes, 
not wheels which are brakeless and remain 
brakeless unless they receive this necessary 
attachment after the purchase. If wood is 
found to be a desirable factor in the new 
wheels, well and good; and if handle-bars 
are to be shorter, that change will doubtless 
be welcome; but, in the rush for improve- 
ments, let the manufacturers do their part by 
making the brake at least as acceptable and 
convenient to wheelmen as any other part of 
the machine." 



A PEW FOOT NOTES. 



After a long ride, or while on an extended 
tour, when the feet are very tired, it is a 
good plan to bathe them in water in which 
charcoal has been boiled; or friction with gin 
and water is most useful. Another remedy 
under the same conditions is to put a hand- 
ful of common salt into a footbath of hot 
water. The foot often becomes very tender 
in riders whose feet do not perspire but are 
■ apt to beconf j very hot and irritable. In 
I these cases a salve is very comforting, and 
I the following will be found most useful: 
' Zinc ointment, cold cream and spermaceti 
in equal parts. 



i8 9 6. 


















WORLD'S MILE COMPETITION RECORD BROKEN 

TWICE IN ONE WEEK BY 

MR. JAY EATON, 

THE INDOOR KING, 



WORLD -RACER. 

MILE INDOOR RECORD COMPETITION, 2.10, on an eight-lap track. 
Eaton also won Four Firsts at Nashville, Tenn. 

AT THE COLISEUM, CHICAGO, 

Eaton again First in every race, and lowers the MILE RECORD to 2.07 — 
Unpaced Standing. 






Mr. J. W. PARSONS, Australian Champion, 

on a " World Racer," lowers the World's Record Flying to 2.01, and % -Mile to 1.29, indoors. 



AGENTS WRITE US. 




ARNOLD, SCHWINN & CO., 

PEORIA AND LAKE STREETS, CHICAGO, ILL., U.S.A. 



E. K. TRYON, JR., & CO., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, So. New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. 

H. B. SHATTUCK & SON, Boston, New England States. 

HOOKER & CO., San Francisco, Pacific Coast. 

GEORGE L. SEAGER, Des Moines, la., Iowa. Kindly mention The Wheel. 











4-6 



September 4, 



BEVEL GEARS. 

What They Are and What They Can 

Be Made to Accomplish on a 

Bicycle. 

The rumor that the Pope Company will put 
a bevel-gear machine on the market next year 
is awakening people to the fact that the pub- 
lic does not know it all. It is not realized by 
the public at large that a good thing may exist 
and yet be unable to secure recognition, but 
such is the fact. The public are not mechani- 
cal experts. They are very ordinary people, 
whose judgment in the line with which they 
are familiar will probably be found fairly re- 
liable, but outside of that line they will be 
found erratic and full of prejudices. 

I dare to predict that if any prominent com- 
pany does risk the attempt of marketing a 
bevel-gear machine in '97 they will find a 
good sale for same and little or no cause to 
regret their action. But it is also safe to say 
that if any small concern should attempt the 
same thing they will find it uphill work, 
if not a total failure. Many will doubt this, 
but it is the truth nevertheless. The merit of 
an article counts less than the way in which 
it is pushed. Many a bad article takes be- 
cause it is properly pushed. People hear so 
much about it that they assume it to be the 
proper thing, and use it even at a sacrifice of 
comfort and even health. On the other hand, 
many a good thing dies simply and solely be- 
cause it failed to take. This condition of 
affairs applies to other things than cycles. 
It is said that our great poets are not appre- 
ciated till after they are dead. 

There is no reason why it applies to cycles. 
This may be found in the fact that some of 
the better forms of gear applications have been 
patented. The persons owning said patents 
may not be in position to push same, and so 
a patent acts as a bar to popularity. For ex- 
ample, Garford, the man who has made his 
saddles so prominent, took out a patent on a 
gear-driven cycle several years ago, but it has 
not been pushed, so far as the writer knows. 
There is little or no doubt that if he had 
pushed it with the same vim used in pushing 
his saddles we would not be discussing the 
probability of a gear-driven cycle for next 
year. 

That patents have prohibited the making of 
gear-driven machines is not likely, however, 
for the application of gears to this work is 
very old, and no doubt several forms are 
public property by this time. The most prob- 
able reason is that the public did not And 
room in its think-box for such devices. The 
public rides what its neighbor rides, and so 
we get ahead of fads. The gear fad has not 
yet arrived: When it does we will use gears. 
It will not matter whether they are better than 
chains or worse. When they are said by "the 
bon-ton," whose brains are measured by their 
pocketbooks, to be "the proper thing," then 
we will ride them, and the man or woman 
who does not throw away the old chain-driven 
device and get a gear-driven simply will be 
cut of style. 

The word "style" means much to the maker 
and dealer. It is not that this year's hat is 
better than last year's hat, but it is that I may 
distinguish myself from the common herd 
that I throw away, the hat that is still good 
and buy me one of later style. So far the proc- 
ess is all right. It has a -reason for its being; 
but, like the ass that I am, I proceed to knock 
that reason out of existence by buying a hat 
which is "popular" and "the style," and so do 
not distinguish myself. So much for the sense- 
lessness of "style;" and we pride ourselves on 
"our high civilization!" 

But to return to bevel gears. The bevel gear 



is one of many means of getting power from 
the crank-shaft to the driving-wheel. The 
axes of the two are parallel. Generally speak- 
ing, it is preferable to transmit that power 
by the simplest and easiest method. A belt 
or chain is this. A belt would need large pul- 
leys and wide faces. The chain has been 
used as being the proper thing. The fact that 
it once was best is not proof that it yet re- 
mains the best. Circumstances may change, 
and in this case have done so. The demand 
for better things has caused much ingenuity 
to be expended on the chain. There is a limit. 
Fifty joints and bearings cannot be made 
so cheaply as a less number. It may be that 
we have reached a point where we find it bet- 
ter and cheaper to make perfect gears than 
perfect chains. The bevel-gear system re- 
quires an extra shaft and bearings. These 
may be of ball construction which is not ap- 
plicable to the chain, because of the cost and 

ROPES COULD NOT HOLD HIM. 

At a recent exhibition of military cycling at 
Crystal Palace, London, one of the perform- 
ances consisted in the supposed capture of a 
dispatch messenger. After securely tying his 
feet together and his hands also, the captured 




messenger was placed upon his back and his 
captors departed. Without freeing either his 
hands or his feet, the messenger mounted his 
wheel and made his escape amid the plaudits 
of the onlookers. The artist shows how he 
accomplished this. 



size. The remaining question then would be 
that of the gears themselves. 

In a bevel gear each part of each tooth 
is of different size from any other part of the 
same tooth. For this reason the application 
of the common gear cutter to the introduc- 
tion of bevel gears does not produce perfect 
work. This, however, is the common way 
of producing them. For this reason it is com- 
mon to say that bevel gears destroy power. 
Sometimes as much as 25 per cent of the 
power is lost in passing through a set of 
bevel gears. With such a loss it is quite evi- 
dent that two sets would destroy an amount 
of power that would not be permissible. 

Perfect gears may be produced, however, 
by planing each tooth. And such gears, if 
properly hardened and lubricated and run on 
ball-bearing shafts, ought to transmit power 
with as little loss as any other method. They 
are more easily boxed than a chain, and 
should be less liable to dirt friction. They will 



make a better looking machine. There may 
be some torsion in the shaft that connects the 
sets. But with the high-grade tubing now 
on the market, it ought to be possible to se- 
cure a shaft of light weight and yet practi- 
cally free from torsion under ordinary cycle 
work. Certain it is that many people will find 
a gear-driven machine more satisfactory to 
them than a chain-driven one, if they will 
but exercise enough independence of judg- 
ment to ride one regardless of whether it is 
the fad or not. The writer believes in person- 
al judgment. It is one thing that our voters 
stand in need of this fall very seriously. 
When we reach the age in which every one 
attempts to be his own judge in personal 
matters, regardless of Mrs. Grundy, we will 
be a Nation of Solomons and civilization will 
have taken to cycling. Let us hope that the 
bevel-gear rumor may prove to have had a 
foundation CHARLES E. DURYEA. 



HORSELESS AND HANDSOME. 

The new Pope motor vehicle, which is now 
undergoing the finals of its exhaustive road 
trials, preparatory to being put on the mar- 
ket, is of a graceful, low-body phaeton form, 
handsomely upholstered. The front wheels 
are about 24 inches in diameter, and the 
driving wheels about 32 inches. The car- 
riage is of a handsome design, and presents 
a luxurious appearance. The wheels have 
large pneumatic tires, their size making rid- 
ing in the carriage exceptionally agreeable. 
The storage system of electricity is used, and 
the battery is placed beneath the seat. The 
power is applied to the axle of the rear 
wheels, speed being developed by a gearing 
system of cogs. 

The power is controlled by a lever, and 
there is a handle-bar to direct the course of 
the vehicle by turning the front wheels from 
Side to side. A very pretty effect is produced 
by the carriage at night, there being quite a 
large reflector in front of the dashboard and 
lamps on each side, which are lighted by the 
electric fluid which runs the carriage. 

The new carriage has seats for two persons, 
and, while it has not as yet been given a 
thorough speed test, it moves over the ground 
smoothly and rapidly, convincing the on- 
looker that when pushed for speed purposes 
it might fill pacemaking requirements very 
satisfactorily. 



HAVE TUBING FOR DELIVERY. 

The importation of English seamless tubing 
has assumed the proportion of an immense in- 
dustry; in fact, as those in the trade have long 
been aware, each season there has invariably 
been a famine of this very necessary factor in 
bicycle building. 

The Garratt-Ford Company, 274-276 Frank- 
lin street, Boston, Mass., have this year taken 
time by the forelock, and are now prepared to 
furnish four of the best grades of English tube 
at very short notice, and on the ordinary sizes 
can ship on receipt of order. This is an un- 
usual chance for manufacturers to obtain their 
supply early at a price much below what the 
market will rule when the rush begins. 

The Garratt-Ford Company are also jobbers 
of the well-known Erwin Bicycle, the product 
of the Erwin Manufacturing Company, Green- 
bush, N. T., and are prepared to quote dis- 
counts that make it an advantage to order 
now. 



TWO TO BOAST OF 
Minneapolis expects to boast of a high- 
grade wheel in the course of a month or two. 
The Moore Carving Machine Company has 
added an extension to its factory to be used 
exclusively for bicycle construction. Two 
types of machines will be made— the Yarnell 
and the Konnark. 



1896 



47 



AGAIN.... 



must we call your attention to the finest machine on the 
market in the way of a Tandem. WE realized fully the 
advantages to be derived from the "truss frame" con- 
struction, and you will notice the superiority of the 




America 



TRUSS 
FRAME... 



Tandem 



at a glance. The truss braces the long wheel base in 
the most superb manner. Then again, notice where 
we run our forward chain. The principle of a forward 
chain on either side is open to argument, but when 
we run it in the centre we think you'll agree with 
us that it is just about right. We can deliver at 
$150.00, and it's money well spent. 



GENERAL DISTRIBUTING AGENTS. 

B. B. Emery & Co., Boston, Mags. 

Union Nut & Bolt Co., New York City. 

E. K. Tryon, Jr., & Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

House & Herrmann, Wheeling, W. Va. 

H. L. & E. E. Hunt. Pittsburg, Pa. 

Penn. Cycle Co., Erie, Pa. 

Francis J. Hewes, Rochester, N. Y. 

Geo. H. Terry, Oswego, N. Y. 

A. C. Anderson & Co., Toronto, Ont. 

Adams & Hart, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Ray M. Hewitt, Detroit, Mich. 

W. B. Holton Mfg. Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

J. H. Fall & Co., Nashville, Tenn. 

Rhea, Elton & Thelens, Peoria, 111. 

R. J. Boswell, St. Louis, Mo. 

Aultman, Miller & Co., Dallas, Tex. 

Bradley, Wheeler & Co., Kansas City, Mo. 

David Bradley & Co , Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Bradley, Clark & Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Bray Bros., Cedar Rapids, la. 

Mathews Implement Co., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Serrano & Zozaya, City of Mexico, Mex. 

Keen & Delang, Chicago. 



AMERICA CYCLE MFG. CO 



CHICAGO. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



4 8 



September 4 



A LESSON IN REFORM. 

Of all the blessed fruits of a reform gov- 
ernment none has stood the test of time like 
the Commissioner of Street Cleaning, Col- 
onel George E. Waring, jr. He has given 
New-York clean streets as no other prede- 
cessor of his had ever thought possible. In 
doing this and in riding a bicycle himself 
Colonel Waring stands foremost in the good 
graces of New-York's thousands of wheel- 
men. As an evidence of the Commissioner's 
willingness to do all in his power to aid in 
making the streets safe for bicycling, the fol- 
lowing is interesting: 

A festive junkman, in one of his gentie and 
playful moments, amused himself by throw- 
ing an empty bottle at a passing member of 
his coterie. The bottle unfortunately missed 
the object it was aimed at and fell to the 
street broken in a thousand pieces. Mr. Hardy, 
who was passing, called upon a police officer 
to arrest the offending junkman, but the 
officer declined to do so. Angered at the offi- 
cer's failure to do his duty, Mr. Hardy wrote 
a letter to Street Commissioner Waring stat- 
ing the circumstances and asking for his aid. 
Back by return mail promptly came the fol- 
lowing letter: 

Dear Sir: In the absence of the Commissioner 
I take the liberty of acknowledging the receipt 
of your letter of the 25th inst. relative to a junk- 
man deliberately throwing a bottle at a passer- 
by. 

As the matter now stands, this Department is 
unable to take any steps in the case, as you did 
not take the number of the cart. 

You did exactly right when you called the at- 
tention of the policeman to this driver's action, 
and he should have arrested the man right then 
and there, as there is a law covering such of- 
fence, a copy of which I have had struck off for 
your information and future action should the 
occasion arise. , 

Just such gentlemen as yourself would aid the 
the bicycle public as well as the Street Cleaning 
Department, if they were to cause to be ar- 
rested such wilful violators of the law as . the 
driver no doubt was. 

We regret very much that we cannot do any- 
thing in this affair, but your letter shall be for- 
warded to the Police Department, with the rec- 
ommendation that this officer be properly and 
duly informed as to the existence of this chapter 
of the laws of 1S94. Yours truly, 

JOHN P. YATES, 
Private Secretary. • 

If more wheelmen would follow the example 
of Mr. Hardy, and make a point to see that 
violators of the street ordinances were pun- 
ished, Commissioner Waring's duties would 
be much lightened and the cycling public's 
safety and comfort greatly increased. The 
clause under which such violators of street 
ordinances are punishable is numbered 1,936 
in the Consolidated act of 1894, and reads as 
follows: 

No person or persons shall throw, cast or lay, 
or direct, suffer or permit, any servant, agent or 
employe to throw, cast or lay any ashes, offal, 
vegetables, garbage, , dross, cinders, shells, 
straw, shavings, paper, dirt, filth or rubbish of 
any kind whatever, in any gutter, street, lane or 
alley, or in any public place in the city. The 
wilful violation of any of the foregoing provi- 
sions of this section shall be and is hereby de- 
clared to be a misdemeanor, and shall be pun- 
ished by a fine of not less than $1 nor more than 
$10, or by imprisonment for a term of not less 
than one nor more than five days. 



A method of nickeling wood which may 
eventually prove useful in finishing wooden 
handle-bars and rims has been devised by 
the German chemist Langbein, the wood be- 
ing covered by a thin coating of metal by 
either a dry or wet process. 



LOOKS LIKE A CHICKEN COOP. 
The steamer St. Louis, which arrived on 
Friday last, turned out a fine-looking lot of 
people. The marks of having "done" Europe, 
the ruddy tan and self-sufficiency of the re- 
turning traveller, were everywhere apparent. 
One of the features on the pier was the num- 




ber of bicycles brought over. It has developed 
that the latest fad in the cycling world is the 
wickerwork crate. The crate is made of light 
wickerwork, the bicycle is set in, pinned down 
and securely fastened, as shown in the -ac- 
companying illustration. This is one of the 
things which takes the minute you see.it. 



- BALANCES ITSELF. 

For ease in riding, turning around and bal- 
ancing, the Fox Q 'phpaniu., the machine shown 
in /the illustration, is said to be far ahead of 
the tandem by the manufacturers, the Fox 
Machine, of Grand Rapids, Mich. The wheel 
balances itself, immaterial as to the weights 




of the riders, no adjustment being required to 
equalize the difference in weight. It has a 
short wheel base, 43 inches, which makes 
steering easy. The Fox Company have also 
several other novelties in double-seated ma- 
chines. 



According to an English paper, the Czar of 
Russia is riding an American bicycle, a Day- 
ton. 



IF PROVIDENCE FAVORS HIM. 

"I sold 2,285 bicycles in 1895," said he the 
other day, "and shall sell 3,000 in 189G if the 
Lord is on my side," is the way W. G. Alex- 
ander, the Barnes agent at Toledo, Ohio, 
puts it. Mr. Alexander, by-the-way, asserts 
that he built a velocipede thirty-seven years 
ago, and has been a wheelman ever since. 



CLEVELAND'S NEW IDEAS. 

Cleveland, Aug. 31.— The Hoffman Bicycle 
Company, with a capitalization of $50,000, 
was incorporated last week. The incorpor- 
ators are L. M. Sigler, G. Sigler, TJ. R. Sigler, 
Frank Dellenbaugh and A. H. West. The two 
last are members of a leading firm of attor- 
neys, and the Siglers are well-known manu- 
facturing jewellers. 

The Winton Bicycle Company are about to 
embark in the manufacture of motor car- 
riages, and expect to have them ready for 
the market in less than three months. Alex- 
ander Winton, the mechanical expert of the 
company, has been experimenting for the 
past two years, and claims to have brought 
out a motor that will fill the bill to perfec- 
tion. It is light, noiseless, odorless, compact 
and powerful, and a long list of claims have 
been awarded at the patent office. It is the 
intention of tho company to be the pioneers 
in the business, and further particulars are 
promised soon. 



BEWARE OF IMITATIONS. 
An imitation of the Perry chain has re- 
cently been put on the market, which is of- 
fered as the Perry pattern. They are sold at 
a low price, and many have been deluded in 
the belief that they are the real article. As 
exclusive manufacturers of the Perry pen 
steel bushed chain in this country, and as 
sole agents for the Perry chain manufac- 
tured in England, the Anglo-American Cycle 
Fittings Company have issued an infringe- 
ment notice. The side plate on the Perry 
chain has been patented, and warning is 
given the trade against making, using or 
selling any chain having the infringing side- 
plate on it. The genuine Perry chains have 
the name "Perry" stamped on every side- 
plate, so that the chains can be readily dis- 
tinguished from imitations. 



INVESTIGATING PLUGINE. 

Arthur W. Burwell, a prominent rubber ex- 
pert, of Cleveland, Ohio, writes the Plugine 
Co., of that city, as follows: "I have made a 
careful examination of the contents of a Can 
of your 'Plugine' which was purchased by me 
in the open market. I find that neither the 
mixture nor any of the various substances 
contained have or can have any action what- 
ever on either vulcanized or unvulcanized rub- 
ber. This is especially true of the excellent 
grades of gum used for making bicycle tires," 



STANDARDS ON TOP. 

The Standard Bicycle Mfg. Co. announce 
that they have purchased the plant of the 
Standard Cycle Works Co., at 67-75 West 
Jackson street, Chicago, who recently failed. 
They announce that toolmakers are already 
at work on tools for the '97 model, the name 
of which will be the "Standard." The wheel 
will list at $75 and tandems at $125. 



INFORMATION WANTED. 
THE WHEEL would be pleased to publish 
some information about the Allwood Cycle 
Co., of Canarsie, Long Island, a firm which is 
advertising heavily, but whose works cannot 
be located. 



WHO MAKES IT? 
A correspondent of THE WHEEL desires 
to know the name of the maker of the Victor 
saddle. Will some reader kindly send infor- 
mation? 

The Worcester Cycle Company of Middle- 
town, Conn., has shut down indefihtely, "and 
discharged all hands. 



:8o6 



49 




THE ITEM OF COST. 



The manufacturer is more likely to stumble over the item of cost than the rider. 

The old saw, "the best is the cheapest," has as great force for the wheel maker, 
however, as it has for the rider. 

Palmer Tires are the most expensive tires — about twice as costly. But they are 
so easy riding that a wheel fitted with them will run easier and last longer than if 
fitted with other tires. Thus, the manufacturer who encourages the use of Palmer 
Tires gains reputation, and reputation begets sales. 

The rider gets more satisfaction from Palmer Tires than other tires. He pedals 
with less fatigue, coasts further, and goes up hill with less exertion. He mends his 
punctures quicker and with less trouble, and he never walks home. 

Palmer Tires are hand-made; the same fabric in all; a little more rubber on the 
roadster, a little less on the racer. 



JAY EATON DEFEATS PARSONS. 

Eaton Rode Palmer Tires— Parsons Didn't. 

The first match was two best in three, one mile, Eaton winning in two straight 
heats. The second match, two best of three, five miles, Eaton again winning in 
straight heats. Parsons is the Australian champion, and has defeated Zimmerman. 
Both riders rode World wheels. Where conditions are at all equal, the Palmer 
rider always wins. 



The Palmer Pneumatic Tire Co., 133-135 S. Clinton St., Chicago. 

For prices address : Selling Agents, THE COLUMBI A RUBBER WORKS CO., 66 Reade St., New York, and i 59 Lake St., Chicago. 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



5° 



September 4, 



BRITISH CYCLE SHOWS. 
London, August 20. — Rumor has it that Hum- 
bers, the Rudge-Whitworth, the Coventry 
Machinists' Co., Simpson Chain, Dunlop and 
Clincher Tire companies have already decided 
to throw in their lot with the Stanley show 
this year. This is undoubtedly a good slice 
of luck for the latter exhibition, and if, as I 
think is likely, quite a majority of the Amer- 
ican firms decide to patronize the Agri- 
cultural hall show, the public interest in the 
Stanley will enable it to prove a very serious 
trade rival to the National exhibition. 

I am told that, thanks to the busy season 
now almost past and some of its develop- 
ments, all is not quite settled in the camp of 
the Cycle Manufacturers' Trade Protective 
Association, under which lumbering title a 
section of the English cycle-makers propose 
settling the policy of the entire trade with 
regard to shows and such varieties. 

Some mention has been made of an attempt 
to coalesce the American firms on this side in 
a distinctive policy on the matter of exhibit- 
ing, and also on the evergreen net ver- 
sus discount system, but I can authorita- 
tively say that no such attempt has been or 
will likely be made. Every firm will have to 
cut out its own policy and form its own judg- 
ment on these matters. Trade combinations 
are a weariness to the flesh, and only one 
man in a thousand could make such a move- 
ment an appreciable success. 

My own opinion is that those American 
makers who propose exhibiting would find 
that they would have a better chance at the 
Stanley Club's show. True, the presence of 
Humbers and the other firms I have men- 
tioned would give them a formidable opposi- 
tion, but nothing to that which they can ex- 
pect at the National show, where, more- 
over, they would be under the control and 
disposition of a bund, whose duty it is to con- 
serve the interests of the English cycle trade. 
It is open to argument that these interests do 
not clash with those of American exhibitors, 
but scarcely open to reason, as matters now 
stand. It is certain that the Stanley will be 
a fine show this year, while I am told that so 
far from being well looked after is the Na- 
tional that the Crystal Palace is not yet 
booked for it. 

There is the deuce to pay here at present 
over the Dunlop Company. It seems that 
through some bungling the liquidation of the 
old Dunlop Company was not started in a 
manner required by the Board of Trade regu- 
lations, and consequently so much time has 
been lost that the old shareholders have not 
yet got their money out of the old concern 
and very likely will not have it for some 
weeks yet. As on the strength of this cash 
they had mostly applied for the new issues 
up to the hilt, the calls on the latter have not 
in a great many instances been paid yet, and 
if a special Stock Exchange settlement in- 
tervenes between, much trouble is feared. 
The shares have fallen greatly on the rumor 
that this will be the case, and matters have 
become so mixed that the London Stock Ex- 
change has moved in the matter. 



ROCK-RIBBED AND DYED IN THE WOOL. 
A large hosiery mill in New Brunswick, N. 
J., has closed down all of its departments 
owing to hard times, with the sole exception 
of the one devoted to "ribbed goods," and that 
continues to run overtime. Sweaters and golf 
stockings are "ribbed goods." See the good 
effect of cycling's universalism? 



BOTCH REPAIR WORK. 

If there is any department of machine re- 
pair work which can be botched readily, it is 
in the bicycle repair line. It is not only the 
inexperienced workman that sometimes 
makes a bad job when repairing, but old 
hands get careless; or, when in a hurry, put 
things together quite shiftlessly. 

Take the adjustment of a valve, for exam- 
ple. A glance at a shop full of wheels in 
process of undergoing repairs will show that 
the valve in some of the tires is caused to 
stand untrue, as indicated in Pig. 1, owing to 
the line of the hole in the rim not being in 
harmony with that of the valve. The result 
is that the rubber of the tire is bent at A 
and B, and, although not noticeable from 
the outside, the effect is hurtful, and in time 
will create leakage. 

Another little point cycle repair folk some- 
times overlook is the inserting of a spoke too 
deeply into the rim, so that the end projects 
against the tube, as shown in Pig. 2 at C. 
This in a few weeks will cut an aperture in 




^^^m 



\r/c- 7 



FIG- 8 



The wheelwoman should remember that 
recklessness is not courage, and that discre- 
tion is the better part of valor. 



the tire. Noi long ago ago a cycle repair com- 
pany got itself into trouble through the care- 
lessness or incompetency of one of its work- 
men. A rider stopped at the shop to have his 
handle-bar adjusted. A clamp like the one 
presented in Pig. 3 was on the machine. The 
bungling repair hand put in a washer, D, as 
shown. 

The washer, of course, prevented the clamp 
from closing up as tightly on the upright bar 
as it should. Consequently, when the rider 
was going down grade the clamp slipped, 
allowing the handle-bars to loosen, and the 
front wheel turned sideways abruptly, throw- 
ing the rider and injuring him. The com- 
pany had to pay damages. 

Another case in which botch repair work 
figured is exemplified in Pig. 4, in which a 
too-short pedal-bar stud was used, as indi- 
cated at E. The nut only reached a couple 
of threads, and these gave way under the 
pressure of the rider's foot, and at such a 
time that an accident resulted. 

Speaking of accidents from shiftless re- 
pair work of this sort calls to mind the re- 



cent case in which a workman, supposed to 
be a mechanic, attempted to repair a broken 
handle-bar according to his own ideas, with 
the result that the firm for which he worked 
also has a damage suit on hand. The wheel 
he experimented on was damaged by one of 
the handle-bars being broken short off. The 
aforementioned mechanic conceived the idea 
that he could effect a quick and neat repair 
by cutting a thread on the end of the break 
and another thread in the union. He did so, 
and the job when completed looked like that 
in Pig. 5, in which the repair is shown at F. 
Perhaps a superior job would be all right, 
even if only cut threads were the agency for 
holding the bar in place. But this did not 
succeed. The handle pulled out, the cyclist 
struck a wall, was hurt, and brought suit. 

It is well for cycle repair people to bear 
in mind that all parts of a wheel frame are 
subjected to unusual strains at times. The 
man who fixed a wheel-frame according to 
the plan shown in Figure 6 evidently did not 
realize this. The tube broke off at G, and 
instead of inserting a pin or welding, he la- 
boriously riveted on wrought-iron clamps 
and caused the broken tube to stay in place 
by attaching a connection between the 
clamps to a solid tube in the manner shown. 
A good-enough job for temporary purposes, 
or for a light rider. But the rider of this 
wheel was a heavy man, and the work soon 
gave out, and the repairs had to be made 
over in the right way. A sample of botch- 
lacing of the rim-side of outer tubing is 
shown. Such work will not last. Better lace 
regularly, as shown in Figure 8. 

G. D. RICE. 



AMERICANS IN ENGLISH TRADE. 

Sydney Lee, in his "Cycle Trade Journal," 
has this to say anent the American bicycle 
in Great Britain: 

"Agents, more particularly those in the 
South of England, are doing well with Amer- 
ican cycles, and many are actually pushing 
them in preference to those of British manu- 
facture, for the simple reason that the un- 
fortunate dearth of English machines during 
the spring and early summer, and the con- 
sequent forced purchase of American ma- 
chines by many of the upper classes, has, in 
a measure, set a fashion for such machines, 
so that the fashionable visitors to the more 
classy watering-places are asking for Amer- 
ican cycles. 

"A well-known south coast agent who has 
several depots in various towns told us the 
other day that he was doing a large trade in 
a very well-known American machine, while 
he could not dispose of scarcely any of an 
English firm of equal standing. Price, he 
said, had something to do with the matter, 
for the American machine was considerably 
the cheaper. 

"People would not give something like £3 
more for the English wheel when they saw 
it beside an apparently equally well-finished, 
though perhaps far less durable, American 
machine. And further, he maintained, that 
when new the Yankee wheel ran quite as 
well. 

"We do not propose to enter into a minute 
criticism of the machines, but it is quite 
plain to us that American cycles are quite 
good enough to be serious rivals to the first- 
grade British machines, at any rate, among 
the class of people who give their cycles com- 
paratively little wear, and it must be remem- 
bered that it is this very class of buyers who 
pay the best prices and give the agent the 
least trouble." 



A renegade is a man who deserts cycling 
for equestrianism. A convert is a horseman 
who ceases to be such to become a wheelman. 



i8 9 6 



5' 



Cbe satisfaction 
of knowing . ♦ . 

what you have is worth 
dollars more than an un- 
certainty. For this reason 
Fowler riders are content. 




fowler Quality 
is known 
the world 
mr. 



The Truss Frame itself is positive proof you 
get full value ; in fact the time is rapidly coming 
when no wheel will be considered high grade 
unless it has 



truss frame 



The perfection of high-grade cycle construction. 
You can make no mistake when you buy a 
Fowler. 

Our Catalogue tells why. 




fowler Cycle mfg. Co., |®f|| 



Kindly mention Th» Wheel. 



52 



'September 4., 



NATIONAL CYCLE SHOWS. 

Under the auspices of the National Board of Trade 

of Cycle Manufacturers, National Shoe 

and Leather Bank Building, 371 

Broadway, New York. 

January 33-30— Chicago, Coliseum. 

February 6-13— New York, Gran*Central Palace. 



TRADE CHANGES. 

CALIFORNIA. 
Riverside— W. P. Jansen has opened a repair 
shop on East Eighth street. 

CONNECTICUT. 
Winsted— Henry G. Kelly, bicycles, Sheriff re- 
ported in possession. 

DELAWARE. 
"Wilmington— Elliott Brothers, bicycles, report- 
ed to have given judgment for $2,000. 
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 
"Washington— William D. Hedger, proprietor of 
the bicycle establishment at 1,024 Connecticut 
avenue, has made assignment to Rudolph W. 
Bishop for the benefit of creditors. Assets are 
placed at $3,673.98, and the liabilities $3,394.04. 
IOWA. 
Des Moines— The Lathrop-Rhoads Cycle Com- 
pany incorporated by George R. Lathrop and 
Clayton C. Rhoads to buy, sell and manufacture 
bicycles. Capital stock, $10,000. 
ILLINOIS. 
Chicago— The Chicago Bicycle Supply Com- 
pany has been incorporated by M. D. Owen, C. 
A. Tuttle and W. M. Butterworth. Capital stock, 

$2,500. 

INDIANA. 

Anderson— A company has been organized by 
R. K. Kirkpatrick, J. A. Williams and W. A. 
Zimmerman, for the purpose of making and re- 
pairing bicycles. The company has leased Room 
No. 38, North Meridian street. 

Fort Wayne— A. T. Weisell has started a bi- 
cycle and general repair shop at 135 Broadway. 

Winchester— J. P. Carpenter established a bi- 
cycle store at this place. 

LOUISIANA. 

New Orleans— E. C. Fenner, 
and carriages on Gravier street; 
creditors held. 

MARYLAND. 

Baltimore— Sol Schneisner & Co, 
and Light streets, have gone into the hands of 
a receiver. 

MINNESOTA. 

Paynesville— F. O. Phipps has retired from the 
firm of Phipps & Son, and will devote his time 
to his large bicycle business. 

Pipestone— George Coombs has opened a bi- 
cycle repair shop at this place. 

St. Paul-^Tames T. Cuddy, bicycles, reported 
to have recorded chattel mortgage for $700. 

St. Paul— William A. Hall and William N. 

Couch, doing business as the Twin City Cycle 

Company, made an assignment for the benefit 

of creditors to John W. Lane. 

OHIO. 

Cleveland— Likely & Pohl, wholesale and retail 
bicycles, reported to have recorded chattel 
mortgage for $7,200. 

OREGON. 

Portland— Owen Robinson, bicycles, reported 
to have given bill of sale for $385. 



BETWEEN CHATTER AND QUIVER. 

Hess & Cottle, 340 Dearborn street, Chicago, 
have recently brought out and are supplying 
to the trade something new in handle-bars, 
on which they have applied for letters patent. 
It is a wood bar, reinforced its entire length 
by a metal tube, making, they claim, a bar 
more durable than any other by a large per- 
centage, and giving a result between the 
chatter of a steel bar and the quiver of the 




ordinary wood bar. They have a new adjust- 
able stem that is absolute in grip and cannot 
let go except by use of a wrench. The whole 
bar makes a useful as well as very orna- 
mental article for '97. Hess & Cottle is a 
new Arm, composed of Mr. W. S. Hess, for- 
merly of the Joliet Furniture Company, and 
Mr. Cottle, formerly of the Pond-Cottle Com- 
pany. 



GOOD FOR HURDLE rTdING. 

As a means of absorbing vibration, a sad- 
dle-post has been placed on the market by 
the Brooks Spring Seat Post Company, Chi- 
cago, on the coil spring principle, as shown 
in the illustration. It is claimed that by this, 
post one can ride over ridges, crosswalks. 




Baltimore 



cobblestone pavements, cartracks, etc., with 
as much ease as a perfectly level ground. In 
shape, size, weight and general appearance 
it is identical with iue ordinary solid seat- 
post. It can- be used on any saddle and 
wheel, and the spring is guaranteed not to 
break. 



PATENTS GRANTED. 

566,344. Bicycle Saddle.— James H. Sager, 
Rochester, N. Y. Filed September 9, 1895. Serial 
No. 561,972. No model. 

566,352. Umbrella or Sunshade Holder for 
Cycles.— Max Strohbaoh, Magdeburg, Germany. 
Filed April 30, 1895. Serial No. 547,650. No model. 

566,369. Bicycle Skirt.— Florence D. Ahern, New 
York, N. Y., assignor to the Spalding-Bidwell 
Company, same place. Filed January 31, 1896. 
Serial No. 577,556. No model. 

566.477. Bicycle Saddle.— Benjamin S. Seaman, 
Canton, Ohio, assignor to the Gilliam Manu- 
facturing Company, same place. Filed July 23, 
1895. Serial No. 556,856. No model. 

566.478. Bicycle Saddle.— Benjamin S. Seaman, 
Canton, Ohio, assignor to the Gilliam Manu- 
facturing Company, same place. Filed August 
7, 1895. Serial No. 558,458. No model. 

566,517. Clamp for Bicycle Saddles.— David S 
Hitchcock, Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to the 
White Sewing Company, same place. Filed No- 
vember 5, 1895. Serial No. 567,993. No model. 

566,535. Bicycle Tender.^James E. Power, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. Filed December 2, 1895. Serial 
No. 570,730. No model. 

566,568. Bicycle.— Carl B. Fields, Merced, Cal. 
Filed November 29, 1895. Serial No. 570,465. No 
model. 

566,581. Handle-bar for Bicycles.— David S. 
Hitchcock, Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to the 
White Sewing Machine Company, same place. 
Filed November 5, 1895. Serial No. 568,070. No 
model. * 

566,603. Pneumatic Tire.— Alexander F. Munro, 
Boston, and George O. Hitchings, Saugus, Mass., 
assignors by direct and mesne assignments, to 
the M. & H. Manufacturing Company, of Mexico. 
Filed December 27, 1896. Serial No. 573,423. No 
model. 

566,660. Acetylene Generator and Bicycle Lamp. 
Henry B. Clark, Chicago, 111. Filed May 11, 1896. 
Serial No. 591,022. No model. 

566,669. Bicycle Saddle.— Frederic F. Drury, 
Gouverneur, N. Y. Filed January 30, 1896. Serial 
No. 577,372. No model. 



TRADE-MARKS. 



28.830. Bicycle Saddle.— A. G. Spalding & Bro., 
Chicago, 111., and New York, N. Y. Filed July 
30, 1895. Essential feature— A representation of 
the bones of the pelvis upon a saddle. 

28.831. Cycles and Accessories Therefor.— John 
Griffiths Cycle Corporation, Limited, Dublin, 
Ireland, and Coventry, England. Filed June 26, 
1896. Essential feature — The word "Dunlop," rep- 
resentations of two snakes, a wheel and the 
name and address "Dunlop Cycle Co., Coventry." 

28.832. Bicycles.— Gendron Wheel Company, To- 
ledo, Ohio. Filed August 1, 1896. Essential feat- 
ure — The word "Signal." 




Patented Angus 



A. N. CLARK & SON, p, a^", e ' 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

PLIERS for REPAIR KITS, and other 
BICYCLE SUPPLIES. 

"We are the inventors and sole owners of this 
patent. No others are authorized to make 
the Pliers. Reasonable quotations and elec- 
trotypes on application. Mention The Wheel. 



2,000 PAIR-WOOD RIMS-While They Last 



CELEBRATED. . 
KEYSTONE '96 
GUARANTEED., 



* 



1 1-2 x 28, 1 5-8 x 28, 1 3-4 x 28, - 50C. per pair, not drilled. 
1 1-2 x 26, 1 5-8 x 26, - - - - 55d per pair, drilled. 

(In crate lots — 12 pairs.) 

Drilled 28, 32 or 36 holes. Finished in natural color, oak, antique, 
cherry and mahogany. 



Address aii orders to w p # KERSHAW CO., 99 Chambers St., N. Y., 

DIRECT IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN 

Mention The wheel. SADDLES, TUBING, BALLS SPOKES, NIPPLES, TIRES AND LAMPS. 



1896 



55 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooocoooocooooooooooooooooooo 




fa 

o 



101 



Jo! 
o 




Our Agents Say: 

"The Wen-Bent Gendron" 

Sells Easy — without cutting price — 

and pleases the rider! 

Rowell Bros., Joliet, I//., write us: "We are pleased to state that the forty 
wheels of your make we have sold this season are all giving good satisfaction^ 



Moral : 



SELL GENDRONS IN '97 
RIDE A GENDRON IN '97 



r 



Catalogue Free 

GENDRON WHEEL CO. - TOLEDO, OHIO 

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 





Kindly mention Tne Wheel when writing. 



54 



Septembtr 4, 



CLINCHER VERSUS G. & J. 



Last November the North British Rubber 
Company, proprietors of the Bartlett or 
"Clincher" patents for pneumatice tires, 
brought an action in the British courts for 
infringement of patent against Gormully & 
Jeffery for selling their well-known tires in 
the United Kingdom. Judgment, after a ten 
days' trial, was reserved, and two weeks ago 
Mr. Justice North gave it, saying: 

The plaintiffs sought to restrain the infringe- 
ment by the defendants of one of the very 
numerous patents granted within the last few 
years in connection with bicycles. The letters 
patent were issued to William Erskine Bart- 
lett, and bore date 21st October, 1890. In April, 
1893, the letters patent" were assigned to the 
plaintiffs. The tyres or rims of cycles seemed 
to have passed through a rapid process of im- 
provement. At first solid india-rubber tires 
were adopted. The next step seemed to have 
been to make the tires hollow, and these were 
known as cushion tires. One of these many 
forms was the subject of Bartlett's first patent, 
and he also had a second patent for an im- 
proved tire. Another very important step soon 
followed, namely, the introduction of pneumatic 
tires. 

These became extremely popular, but their 
disadvantage was that the elastic tire filled 
with compressed air was liable in use to be 
easily cut or punctured, rendering the machine 
useless until its repair. Another step in ad- 
vance was made by combining an inner tube 
with an outer and hardened case. This again 
was a decided improvement, but though it less- 
ened the chances of such accidents it did not 
prevent them, and when they occurred the ma- 
chine was disabled. The desideratum was to 
find an outer case which could be fixed on so 
firmly as to be capable of resisting blows and 
being ridden at high speed, and also any twist- 
ing action caused by the roughness of the road, 
tending to tear the tire out of its place, and 
which should be so detachable as to enable 
the rider to take off the outer case and get ac- 
cess to the inner tube and repair it on the spot 
with material capable of being carried on the 
machine, and then fix the outer case as firmly 
as before. 

Among the inventions having this object in 
view was that covered by the latters patent in 
this action. It consisted of the introduction of 
an inner pneumatic tube, made of cloth and 
india-rubber, with an outer case round it in the 
form of an arch resting upon and within the 
metal rim, and having its edges compressed by 
the inflation of the inner tube tightly against 
the dove-tailed sides of the metal rim, so as to 
hold the outer case in its place, but which was 
detachable by letting the compressed air es- 
cape. Thereupon the case was loosened, and 
could be lifted off and the repairs done and the 
case refixed. The process was so simple that 
any rider could readily do it for himself on the 
road, and the assistance of a skilled workman 
was wholly unnecessary. He quite agreed with 
the construction placed by Mr. Justice Roraer 
on the present patent in the action against 
Mackintosh. The defendants' 1893 tire was sub- 
stantially identical with that which Mr. Justice 
Romer held to be an infringement of the plain- 
tiffs' patent in the case against Mackintosh. If 
there was any difference, he did not think it 
was material. The defendants met the plain- 
tiffs' case by denying the validity of the plain- 
tiffs' patent, and also by denying infringement. 
The defendants alleged that the forces oper- 
ating to keep their tires on were different. As 
to the forces in the plaintiffs' case, there was 
no difference between the parties. The sides of 
the cover were held on by the pressure of the 
inner tube holding firmly against the inner in- 
clined sides of the metal rim, and the inflated 
tube between them operated as a strut, and 
held them in place. In the defendants' tires it 
was said three forces were at work to keep the 
cover on the flanges. The first was pressure 
on the flanges of the cover by the hooks; the 
second, the contractile force due to the cloth 
being cut on the bias; the third, the force of 
contraction arising from pressure upon the 
flanges upon the metal rim in the 1893 tire and 
upon one another, and the metal rim in the tire 
of 1895. 



He understood the contractile action to mean 
the contraction of the cloth by reason of its 
being cut on the bias, which it was said was 
sufficient to hold the tire on by force of its 
own, independent of everything else. But that 
was not the result in the case of a severed 
tube, and there could be no contractile force in 
the present case, unless the sides of the outer 
tube were held firmly in place by one or both of 
the other two forces referred to. The next 
force relied on by the defendants was friction. 
That some such frictional force existed for a 
time was not disputed. It was said by the de- 
fendants that this force was in itself sufficient 
to keep the tire on firmly for practical use, and 
near the end of the case one of their witnesses 
produced a tire with the hooks cut off. which 
he said he had ridden for several miles satis- 
factorily, and the tire did not come off. 

Other evidence was given of similar experi- 
ments which had not been successful, and the 
witness admitted he had never known a bicycle 
sold in the condition of the one he produced. 
The importance of that was that the hook or 
dovetail was absent. Of the use of such a tire 
the plaintiffs made no complaint. It was open 
to any one to risk it if he liked without in- 



NEW WOMAN'S WHEEL. 

London, August 20. — A new type of lady's 
safety herewith illustrated is about to be 
placed in the Continental market. 

The idea is by no means original, and seems 
merely a deviation of the machine built by 
the Times Manufacturing Company of Sey- 
mour, Indiana, so far as the steering is con- 
cerned, while the design is merely the fore 




portion of the Coventry Humber tandem with 
open front that I illustrated in this column 
some months ago. I cannot say that I can 
see in the machine the germs of a great suc- 
cess, though as part of a tandem intended to 
carry a lady on the front seat I was very 
much taken with the machine at the last Na- 
tional Show at which Humbers exhibited. 



fringing the plaintiff's patent. It was only of 
the pressure on the flanges of the cover by the 
hooks that the plaintiffs were now complaining. 
The defendant's experts admitted the importance 
of this force, and the result of the evidence was 
that of the defendant's three forces this force 
was very largely in excess of the other two forces 
united, and was independent, while the other two 
were inadequate to keep the tire on so as to make 
it a practical ridable tire. 

In the plaintiffs' tire the resistance was mainly 
caused by dovetail action, the tire being held 
against the dovetail by means of the compressed 
air inside the tube. In the defendants' tire the 
flaps and flanges were arranged so as to lie in 
the space in the wheel and on the internal edges 
and hooks, and to be held in that position by the 
inflation of the inner tube, and while that tube 
was inflated the larger part of the outer cover 
not retained by pressure within the hooks was 
unable to pass through the narrow opening at 
the ends of the rim. It might be that what al- 
terations the defendants had made were im- 
provements. Indeed, his Lordship thought the 
increased holding power certainly was in im- 
provement, as the defendants could now use a 
pure rubber inner tube instead of one in which 
cloth was used. But that improvement did not 
justify the defendants in taking the substance of 
the plaintiffs' invention. 

The question of infringement was also an im- 
portant one. Among the anticipations relied 
upon were Thomas's British patent of 1888 and his 
American patent of 1889; Bartlett's patent of 1889, 
in which the tire was solid and had no inflation; 
Dunlop's patent of 1888, in which there was a 
pneumatic tube cemented by canvas to the rim, 



and the second patent of Dunlop of 1889, which 
consisted of a pneumatic tube surrounded by an- 
other tube and cemented to the rim. None of 
those patents, in his Lordship's opinion, came 
anywhere near the plaintiffs'. Then the de- 
fendants relied on the publication of a paragraph 
in the "Scottish Cyclisf'some six days before the 
patent was applied for by Bartlett. In that 
paragraph the "Clincher Tire people" were men- 
tioned, but it had not been proved before him 
what the thing mentioned in that paragraph was. 
Whatever the subject mentioned was, the pas- 
sage in question did not refer to a pneumatic 
tire at all, and with regard to the contention set 
up by the defendants, he could not help saying it 
was easy to be wise after the event. With regard 
to Capwell and Harrison's specifications, which 
were also relied upon as anticipations, it ap- 
peared Chat that invention never "caught on," 
and had been allowed to lapse. 

The prominent feature of Bartlett's invention 
was a really detachable tire, and he came to the 
conclusion, therefore, that the plaintiffs' patent 
was valid and had been infringed. An injunction 
would, therefore, go, restraining the defendants 
during the continuance of Bartlett's Letters 
Patent of 1890 from manufacturing, selling, sup- 
plying or letting on hire tires for bicycles or 
other vehicles manufactured according to the 
method of Bartlett's patent, and the defendants 
must pay the costs of the action. Further, there 
must be an inquiry as to damages. Mr. Swinfen 
Eady applied for a stay pending the considera- 
tion of an appeal, and his Lordship saw no ob- 
jection. 



CONVICT-MADE CYCLES CONTINUE. 

Judge Person has filed an opinion in the 
Michigan Circuit Court in chancery sustain- 
ing the demurrer of Warden Chamberlain in 
the case brought by the National Metal Pol- 
ishers' Union to compel the abrogation of the 
contract entered into in 1894 by the State 
with the Derby Cycle Company for the ser- 
vices of seventy-five convicts for a period of 
four years. 

The suit was commenced at the relation of 
the Attorney General, who asked to have the 
contract declared illegal on the ground that 
the Prison Board had no right to contract the 
services of convicts where they would entei 
into competition with free labor, holding that 
it was the intent of the Legislature that such 
contracts should not be made. Neither of the 
parties to the contract asked for the inter- 
vention of the Attorney General, whose ap- 
pearance in the case was solely upon the 
grounds stated above. 

In sustaining the domurrer filed to the At- 
torney General's bill, Judge Person declares 
that the contract is working no injury to the 
public, although the Court strongly intimates 
that the contract is void because it fixes a 
time limit. Judge Person is of the opinion 
that the Board has power to make contracts 
for the services of convicts, but that it has no 
power to contract for the future. This ques- 
tion, however, is not squarely passed upon 
for the reason that the Attorney General did 
not make it .a portion of his case. 



WILL COMMAND CONFIDENCE. 

Mr. B. H. Corson, Nashua, N. H., one of the 
oldest men in the cycling trade, has turned his 
business into the Corson Cycle Manufactur- 
ing Company. This company, on August 11, 
1896, purchased the entire cycling business of 
E. H. Corson, the maker of the "Corson" and 
the "Nashua" bicycles. The capital and stock 
is $30,000, which represents a hard-pan basis, 
and the company, with its increased facilities 
and capital, will make a larger break at the 
market next year. Mr. Corson is a man of 
considerable ability, and has stamina and 
conscience, and his product must partake of 
some or all of these characteristics. 



The pump stock of the S. P. Heath Cycle 
Company, Minneapolis, was spld at auction 
August 22. It was invoiced at $1,500 and 
brought $1,450. 



1896. 



55 





"FLUSH" 

On a young girl's face often means "Modesty/' 

"FLUSH" 

Financially is pretty sure to mean 

"A pocketful of rocks/' 



4* 



FLUSH" 



For cycle construction means simply 
" Even with the surface/ 



THE BARNES 
FLUSH 

Joint with internal reinforcement has been copied by the leading 

bicycle makers in their '97 models. 

Ours has been tested ; others may be an experiment. 

THE BARNES CYCLE COMPANY, 

SYRACUSE, N. Y. 



THE ELM WOOD CYCLE CO., No. 57 Pake: Plack, New Yohk City, 
Agents for New York, Brooklyn and Long Island. 

THE DARRAH CYCLE CO., No. 933 Arch Stheet, Phii.adei.pih a, Pa. 
Agents for Philadelphia. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 




56 



September 4, 



WEARS AS WELL AS IT LOOKS. 
Enamel which looks and enamel which 
wears well are, unfortunately, often two very 
different things, as many a purchaser of a 
bicycle has found out when it was too late to 
be of any advantage to him. The United 
States Gutta Percha and Paint Company, 
Providence, R. I., have solved the problem of 
combining- appearance with durability in 
their cycle enamels, and are prepared to 
demonstrate this to the satisfaction of any 
doubting Thomas who will favor them with 
an inquiry. 



COLORED, BUT INGENIOUS. 

A Chicago colored <n«m, W. A. Martin by 
name, has invented and patented an electri- 
cal lock for bicycle holders. As soon as a 
wheel is placed in the rack the holdei locks 
it. To release it it is only necessary to touch 
a button. Technically, the key is held in by 
a spring clasp, which is held by a latch arm- 
ature. By turning a light current through a 
magnet in the back of the lock, the armature 
is released and the look opened. 



WHERE GOOD PARTS WILL BE MADE. 

When you combine improved appliances, 
superlative material and workmanship with 
long experience and the determination to 
produce nothing but the best goods, the re- 
sult cannot but be satisfactory to those who 
produce and those who buy. The Eilborn 
& Bishop Company, New-Haven, Conn., in- 
tend turning out cycle forgings along this 
line, making the price thereof as low as pos- 
sible when the class of work is considered, 
and manufacturers may find it to their ad- 
vantage to communicate with the Kilborn & 
Bishop Company before finally deciding upon 
the next year's contracts for parts and 
fittings. 



HOW MUCH DO THEY WANT? 

It is rumored that an offer has been made 
for the French rights of the Simpson Chain 
(Foreign) Company, and that the proposed 
capital of the French Company is to be 
$1,250,000. The offer has, however, been re- 
fused by the parent concern, so that perhaps 
higher terms may be obtained. 



BRAKES FOR SENSIBLE PEOPLE. 

Emerson Davis, of the Davis Manufacturing 
Company, Indianapolis, is in New York in the 
interests of the Davis rubber roller brake. 
He has visited nearly all of the large dealers 
and makers on the route and finds the "brake 
question" fast reaching the only sensible set- 
tlement. The Davis people have greatly im- 
proved their brake since it was first produced, 
and it now has every appearance of a thor- 
oughly reliable article, designed for business 
and for long service. It is made in three pat- 
terns, one to be operated by the foot, another 
of the plunger type applied, of course, by hand, 
and a third for tandems operated by a lever. 



TUBE ORDERS IN PLENTY. 

A number of large orders for '97 tubing 
have already been placed with the Mannes- 
man Cycle Tube Company, notwithstanding 
the fact that the Mannesman people are 
not just yet prepared to state when their 
new works at Zylonite, Mass., will begin 
turning out tubing. Among other orders the 
company has for the famous spiral tubing, is 
one for 300,000 feet from the "Warwick Cy- 
cle Company of Springfield. 



RECENT PATENTS. 



Med' 666,5 17. CLAMT FOR BICYOE-SADDLBS. T>Avn> 8. HlNB' "566,58 1. HANDLE-BAR FOB. BICYCLES. David S. I 

cock, Cleveland. Ohio, assignor to The White Sewing Machine Company; Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to the White Sewing Machine Company, i 
same place. Filed Nov. 5, 1895. Serial No 567,993. (No model) place. Filed Nov. 5, 1895. Serial n 




Chin.— I. The combination with a journal and A jonrnalboi 
connittiDg "arlog « lubrioating-opening, of a ring tbroogh which the journal 
laterally from <iacb passes and a spring-tongoe, integral therewith, proceeding therefrom 
'"laring a part that oloaw th« libri- 



[8 9 6. 



57 



THE WINNER 



OF THE 



New York State 2-3 Mile Championship, 




£ 



Run at Albany, N. Y., August 22d, was 
mounted on a Syracuse Bicycle. So were 
the two riders that next followed him over 
the tape. 

Fast and furious was the pace set by those 
Sycamores, for they also won the Six County 
Championship, and the mile tandem. 

By the way, you should have seen the 
speedy Riverside pair defeat the " Pink 
Team," from Utica. Of course, the winning 
team 



^ wimMmMvmmmimgm 



t&L 



w 



Was Mounted on a Syracuse, 



«^^«5&Manufacturers<^«^«^ 



SYRACUSE CYCLE CO., Syracuse, N. Y. 



Metropolitan Representative: 

CMS. J. STEBBINS, 
No. 103 Reads St., New York. 



Southeastern Representatives: 

SUPPLEE HARDWARE CO., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 



Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



5* 



September 4 



FOR SOUTH AMERICAN TRADE. 

Gustavo Niederlein, the consul of Costa 
Rica at Philadelphia, requests American 
manufacturers to send two copies of their il- 
lustrated catalogues to his office at 233 South 
Fourth street, Philadelphia, with detailed in- 
formation as to prices, terms of credit and 
practice observed in packing and shipping, to 
the end of increasing trade relations between 
the United States and Costa Rica. 

If catalogues are printed in Spanish, so 
much the better. Mr. Niederlein kindly of- 
fers to give special data on goods desired or 
products offered in Costa Rica, or any other 
information. He will forward, if desired, 
special inquiries to exporters and importers, 
in Costa Rica, or he will bring the American 
manufacturer or importer in direct communi- 
cation with the Costa Rica consumer or pro- 
ducer. 

In these days, when the American cycle 
maker is seeking for new worlds to conquer, 
such offers as those made by Mr. Niederlein 
should not be allowed to pass unaccepted. In 
another direction the action of the progres- 
sive Costa Rican representative should not 
be lost upon the American manufacturer. 
The three great commercial languages, aside 
from English, of the world, are in the order 
given, Spanish, French and German, and no 
maker who seeks or desires foreign trade 
should be unprovided with a complete set of 
literature in each of the above languages. 



GERMANS TO ADVANCE PRICES. 

At a general meeting of the German Cycle 
Makers' Association, it was decided to ad- 
vance prices for next season, owing to the ad- 
vance in the cost of raw materials. The ques- 
tion how to stop the importation of cycles 
into Germany was also discussed at length. 
It was reported that such machines had, dur- 
ing the present season, been introduced prin- 
cipally from America, and had done much 
harm, both to the public and the German 
makers. Although the association has peti- 
tioned the German Government to raise the 
duty on cycles, no steps have been taken by 
the authorities, and it was decided to send a 
deputation to the Minister of Commerce. 



From Chicago northward to Duluth, Superior, 
Minneapolis or St. Paul, the Chicago and North- 
western Railroad offers the most delightful 
route, through the most highly cultivated portion 
of Northern Illinois and Southern Wisconsin, 
into the region of charming lakes and summer 
reset ts, with ruggedly beautiful scenery, through 
Madison, Winona and Eau Claire, and the su- 
periority of the facilities afforded the travelling 
public by this handsomely equipped road is ap- 
preciated by travellers. No more luxurious en- 
vironment could be desired than that afforded on 
their "Northwestern Limited," a train of superb- 
ly finished Wagners, drawn by a 100-ton engine 
of the most modern and perfect type, every car 
new and constructed expressly for this train, and 
embodying every device conducive to the highest 
degree of comfort. The private compartment 
sleeping cars offer a most desirable exclusive- 
ness; the dining-car service is unapproachable 
for elegance of appointment and excellence of 
menu, and the buffet, smoking and library cars 
are handsomely furnished with easy chairs, 
writing desks, bookcases, containing a choice se- 
lection of books and papers. The clubman finds 
himself perfectly at home in these surroundings, 
and the standard of enjoyment and comfort es- 
tablished here is carried out to the minutest de- 
tail throughout the entire train. 

A folder that is a work of art has recently been 
issued by the Northwestern, illustrating the 
route taken by the "Limited." A picture of the 
handsome vestibuled train is given, as well as a 
diagram showing plan of cars, sections of sleep- 
ers, etc. This handsome folder and time-table 
contains much that is interesting about the train 
and its route, and can be obtained from the Gen- 
eral Passenger Agent at Chicago, W. B. Knis- 
kern, or T. W. Teasdale, G. P. A. at St. Paul. ,*» 



SATISFACTORY SADDLE CLAMP. 

A representation of a new device of the Gil- 
liam Manufacturing Company, of Canton, 
Ohio, in the line of saddle clamps is shown in 
the cut herewith. It will be used exclusively 
in their saddles next season. This clamp 
achieves the purpose of placing the rider di- 
rectly over the saddle post. It brings the 




coil under the post, which is proper; from its 
angles it is easy to get at, for adjustment, with 
a wrench. This clamp is one of several novel 
features in the Gilliam line for '97. 



AMERICANS HIT THE BULL'S-EYE. 

There is no denying, says the "Scottish Cy- 
clist," that the Americans are making an im- 
pression in London. One sees American ma- 
Chines and tires everywhere, and more par- 
ticularly in the West End, where they are 
extensively used both by ladies and gentle- 
men. Leaving to others to decide the vexed 
question of superiority— if there be a question 
of superiority in it— I think that the visitors 
are an easy first in the art of drawing the 
public. To begin with, they secure first-class 
depots, furnish them in good, not to say lav- 
ish, style, and, what is of vital importance, 
keep them always bright and attractive. 
There's a good deal in that, more than some 
of the home managers are inclined to admit. 
With regard to advertising, the Americans 
are unapproachable. They hit the bull's-eye 
almost every time, and the reader soon be- 
comes a buyer, if buying be his object; if not, 
his interest is at least aroused, and the im- 
pression will ere long be productive. 



REFORM AND WEEDING OUT. 

After going over the present and probable 
future of the cycle trade, "Hardware Trade" 
sums up in this way: "But this lowering of 
prices and the weeding out of the mushroom 
factories will have a good effect both on the 
market next year and on the demand for 
wheels. Doubtless if the general business 
condition of the country is fairly well settled 
next year there will be a very large buying 
of wheels. There will also be a reform in 
the unlimited credits that were extended this 
season. This has been a curse to the trade 
and the cause of many failures." 



FOR PUNCTURED ECONOMISTS. 

Classifying cyclists as economists, the Cy- 
cle Compound Company of Glens Falls, N. Y., 
want all riders to save time and money by 
making their own "Punctureine" for repair- 
ing punctures, which is guaranteed to stop 
leaks instantly and without the rider dis- 
mounting. It is claimed for Punctureine that 
it does not dry, freeze or harden, and that 
it conduces to the vitality of the tire. The 
Compound Company furnishes riders and 
repairmen with the formula, sample and in- 
jector at a very moderate sum. 



MORE INSURANCE 



The Wheelmen's Guaranty Company has 
been incorporated in Chicago with a capital 
stock of $2,500, to register bicycles. The in- 
corporators are W. B. Perkins, Leo A. Caro, 
J. H. McKelvey, F. W. Hine, H. P. Snyder 
and Jollie Allen. 



Charles D. Cramp, of Philadelphia, Penn., 
is at the head of a company of capitalists of 
that city to erect a large plant at Norris- 
town, Penn., for the manufacture of steel 
cycle tubing. 



FRACTIOUS FABRICANTS. 

The small cycle makers of Paris have 
formed a syndicate under the style of Union 
des Fabricants du Cycle. The chief object 
of the association is to do away with middle- 
men, and the promotors state that by com- 
bination the small makers can save 40 per 
cent in the prices of parts and accessories. 
Paris is said to have from 700 to 800 small 
manufacturers. 



Five hundred francs is offered by a Paris 
journal for the lightest, strongest and cheap- 
est lamp. 




NOTICE! CAUTION!! 



No. 3. 
Removable 
Club Bracket. 



TO JOBBERS AND 
WHEEL COMPANIES: 



Any wheel stand with a loop or side supports, rising approxi- 
mately perpendicular from a base provided with a stop on 
e ther or both sides of the centre of the wheel, not purchased 
from or manufactured under our license, is an infringement 
upon our stands. Also, any rigid stand having upright s!de 
rods or braces extending beyond the centre of the wheel, the 
base of the stand being provided with lateral extending feet, 
by which the stand is self-supporting upon the floor. A word 
to the wise is sufficient. 

PRICE LIST. 

No. 1 Enameled Per dozen $800 

No. 1 Nickel and Enamel " 900 

No. 1 All Nickel " 1030 

SELF-SUPPORTING. 

No. a Enameled Per dozen $900 

No. 2 Nickel and Enamel " 1200 

N0.2 AllNickel " 1800 

PARLOR STAND. 

N0.5 Nickel List, each $3 

No. s Antique Bronze " 4 

No. s Antique Brass " 5 

Finished in Enamel, Nickel, Bronze and Brass 
or combination of the same. 

Jobbing discounts to wheel companies and 
supply agents. 

We have also the most effective and con- 
venient Wall Brackets. 

Send for illustration. 



0* 




No. 2. 
Self Supporting. 



E. R. ESMOND, 227 W. 29th St., New York. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. ARTISTIC WHEEL STANDS. 




, by F. P. Prial. 



Vol. XVIII., No 4. 



New York and Chicago, September ii, 1896. 



Whole r\o. 446. 



AMONG THE BRITONS. 



Room Yet For Good American Wheels— How 

The English Manufacturer Will 

Exhibit. 

London, Aug. 26.— Despite the rapid clos- 
ing- in of our trade season American makers 
have no reason to complain of matters as 
they stand. In view of the obvious popu- 
larity of American machines with a section 
of the public, all the leading retailers 
throughout the United Kingdom are mak- 
ing strenuous efforts to receive the agency 
of at least one good American line of wheels, 
and makers are now on the spot and 
getting rapidly fixed up. The better known 
firms have even taken provisional orders 
for next season's delivery, but there is a dis- 
tinct feeling that at present we have not had 
all the good firms exhausted, while several 
that have sent their advance guards do not 
approach business in a way calculated to give 
people the idea that there is solid money 
behind. As a consequence it is possible that 
a good deal of business will be done at the 
shows, though of course delays are danger- 



I have just had a glance over the official 
circular announcing the date and duration 
of the National Show for 1896. It will open 
at the Crystal Palace on December 4, and 
close on Saturday, December 12. The circu- 
lar asserts that a discount of 25 per cent will 
be allowed on this year's dues to last year's 
exhibitors of cycles. The prices charged are: 

Safeties (single) 10s. 6d. each 

Tandem safeties 5s. 

Triplet safeties 20s. 

Quadruplet safeties 25s. 

Quintuplet safeties 30s. " 

Sextuplet safeties 30s. 

Tricycles (single) 15s. " 

Tandem tricycles 20s. ' " 

Corner tricycles 20s. 

Stalls are charged for at 5 shillings per 
foot frontage, or Is. 6d. per foot area. 

The spaces will be balloted for in two sec- 
tions. The front will be devoted to the mem- 
bers of the Cycle Manufacturers' Trade Pro- 
tection Association, which runs the s'how, 
and the second to outsiders. In consequence 
the participants in the second ballot will only 
have what the members chose to allow them, 
or such space as has not been disposed of. 
Firms joining the association prior to Sep- 
tember 30 will participate in the first ballot, 
which date also closes the entry for the sec- 
ond ballot. 

The prohibitory proviso regarding exhibit- 
ing directly or indirectly at any other show 
is repeated. Signs must be of black, on which 
all lettering must be in gold. Exhibits can 
be received at the Palace on November 30, 



and must be in position by 10 o'clock on the 
opening day. A good proviso which I notice 
for the first time is "No machine shall De 
labelled with its weight unless that weight 
has been certified as correct by the secretary." 
Every machine must be labelled with its re- 
tail price, at which it can be obtained, unless 
already sold. 



WHY THIS MODESTY? 

"When a man or a collection of men have an 
idea so excellent as to warrant the employ- 
ment of extensive and expensive advertise- 
ments to tell the public thereof, it seems 
strange that the plant producing the thing ad- 
vertised should be invisible to the eye of the 
seeker after its whereabouts. Have you ever 
been to Canarsie and sought for the cycle fac- 
tory which is advertised as existing there? 
The clams, the fishing, boating, bathing and 
saline breezes are all bountiful and beautiful 
at Canarsie, but while you enjoy them your 
pleasure will not be broken in upon by the 
clang of busy industry from the cycle factory 
said to be hidden there. And yet there is such 
a factory in Canarsie, so it is said. 



SHERIFF IN CHARGE. 



Syracuse, N. Y., Sept. 5.— The Dodge Cycle 
Company has failed. Last Friday there was 
filed a chattel mortgage upon the company's 
property for $29,522.50, in favor of F. W. 
Gridley, who is teller in the Salt Springs Bank. 
Sheriff Austin took charge of the factory, 
which is located at Nos. 501 and 507 South 
West street. Total liabilities of the company 
will amount to about $30,000. 

It is expected that the company will be 
reorganized and continue the manufacture of 
wheels. The embarrassment is caused By 
the temporary financial stringency. 

The company was formed a year ago with 
Frederick Dodge, I. A. Dodge and H. M. 
Dodge as partners. 



AMOUNT OF THE EXECUTIONS. 

The property of the Elbridge, N. Y., 
Bicycle Company was sold at auction last 
week to W. B. Fuller, an attorney for an un- 
known party. The purchase price was $1,- 
403 58; just enough to cover the executions 
against the company. 

The Elbridge Cycle Company began the 
manufacture of bicycles in' February with 
a capital stock of $100,000, of which $20,000 
was paid in. The company manufactured the 
Etna wheel. Its officers are: President, 
George W. Higgins; secretary, E. E. Hubbell; 
treasurer, R. T. Sweet. 



ATTACHED AN ATTACHMENT. 

The factory of the Jakobson Three Wheel 
Tandem Attachment Company, at No. 314 
East Seventy-fifth street, this city, has been 
seized by the Sheriff, on an attachment for 
$1,450, in favor of Julia Dietz. The company 
was incorporated about six months ago with 
a capital stock of $10,000. 



THESE ARE THE FACTS. 

Disposing of Rumors Regarding Alleged Ex- 
hibitors at the Garden Cycle Side 
Show. 

At the Eastern Cycle Show the trade will 
exhibit a bold front. There has been no break 
in the line. True it is that A. Kennedy Child 
has been engaged by the Madison Square 
Garden Company to nurse, handle and man- 
age their enterprise. Regarding the appoint- 
ment, Child himself has not openly stated that 
he has been employed by the Garden com- 
pany to represent them, but that he is their 
representative there is no doubt, and his hes- 
itancy to announce the fact is incomprehen- 
sible. 

One of the chief arguments used by Repre- 
sentative Child is that the Pope Manufactur- 
ing Company will exhibit at the Sanger show. 
"But," saith his listeners, "the Pope com- 
pany has signed to exhibit only at the Board 
of Trade Show at the Grand Central Palace." 
In reply to which, Mr. Child states, with that 
wonderful shrug and smile, that the Pope 
company will be at the Sanger show; that 
they will not consent to stand by and see 
others exhibit, and they, the Pope company, 
out of it. Child also makes the same state- 
ment regarding the Spalding and other lead- 
ing firms. Such is the bait that is being dan- 
gled before the members of the trade. 

As a matter of fact, the Pope company has 
signed and will exhibit at the Board of Trade 
show at the Grand Central Palace, and they 
have notified Mr. Child not -to make use of 
their name in the future. The trade is pre- 
senting a solid front and the Garden com- 
pany's show will be lacking in the best names 
in the bicycle trade. 

The Madison Square Garden side show is slated 
to open on January 11th. 



DECIDING CREDITORS' CLAIMS. 
New Haven, Sept. 8.— All the parties inter- 
ested in the failure of the Frisbee Cycle Co., 
recently insolvent, met in the Probate Court 
last week. Judge Cleaveland, after the hear- 
ing, appointed George R. Cooley and Alfred 
M. Wheeler, both disinterested parties, as com- 
missioners to receive and decide upon all 
claims of the creditors. The commissioners 
will meet at the office of George R. Cooley, at 
New Haven, on November 26, at 10 a. m.. for 
the purpose of attending to the business con- 
nected with their appointment. 



l'LANT AT AUCTION. 



The plant and other effects of the Revere 
Wheel Company, No. 458 Harrison avenue, 
Boston, will be sold under the hammer on 
Monday next. The stock includes a deal of 
machinery, a polishing and nlckelling plant 
and a lot of tubing, forglngs, hubs and the 
like. 



September n, 



TO CYCLE WITH IN CATHAY. 

Aways quick to seize an opportunity, 
those Syracuse boomers, the Syracuse Cycle 
Compap", were not slow to make the most 
of Li Hung Chang's visit to America. While 
the distinguished Chinese was in Washing- 
ton W. D. Hawley called on his personal 
representative, Mr. Drew, and made known 
that he wished to present to Li a Crimson 
rim Syracuse bicycle. The fact was wired 
all over the country. One account says: 
"Mr. Drew rather hesitatingly conveyed the 
message to Li Hung Chang, feeling confi- 
dent that the great man would be too much 
occupied with weightier affairs to receive a 
bicycle agent. But no sooner did Earl Li 
learn the object of the visit than he ordered 
the agent to be at once admitted. 

"The man and the bicycle were taken to 
the earl's apartment by the private elevator 
and China's greatest statesman was soon 
earnestly discussing the intricacies of the 
machine. 

"Nothing would do but that the agent must 
show how the thing worked and he was 
required to get on the wheel and ride it 
round and round the apartment, much to 
the amusement of Li and all of his atten- 
dants. 

"After he had seen the bicycle in operation 
the Viceroy insisted upon having all the de- 
tails of the machine explained to him. He 
wanted to know what this and that was for; 
what each part cost and a thousand other 
things, and the agent was kept busy an- 
swering questions for fully a half hour. 
The idea of his riding a bicycle seemed to 
tickle him immensely. According to his at- 
tendants, he was more pleased with his bi- 
cycle gift than with anything he has re- 
ceived during his tour around the world." 



AMERICAN CHAINLESS PATENTS. 

517,373 Allen & Parker 

520,630 P. L. Eager 

506,685 R. Fryer 

509,070 S. A. Grant 

520,396 S. a.. Grant 

563,971 1. E. Kohlmeyer 

565,472 H. W. Lester 

519,024 E. J. O'Connor 

533,748 G. & A. Robinson 

456,387 W. Stillman, jr. 

501,381 E. H. P. Taylor 

549,478 J. W. Duncan 

464,789 J. B. Evans 

528,423 L. Ferguson 

457,435 A. L. Garford 

480,844 G. F. Hall 

446,354 J. H. Kane 

500,938 U. H. Nulle 

555,880 F. A. Rich 

536,550 H. B. Snyder 

479,470 G. T. Smallwood 

BANKER IN BUSINESS. 

A. C. Banker, the well-known, old-time rac- 
ing man, has gone into business on his own 
account. He has opened an office at room 630 
225 Dearborn-st., Chicago, 111., and is manu- 
facturers' agent for Graton & Knight Manu- 
facturing Company, saddle-makers, and for 
the Kilborn & Bishop Company, drop-forge 
makers. In addition to this, he will be the 
agent for a line of saddles, pedals, spokes, tub- 
ing, stampings, handle-bars, in fact, all the 
component parts of a bicycle. 



NO TIPS TO BREAK 0FE. 

A handle grip in one piece is a specialty be- 
ing marketed by Rosenberg Bros. & Co., 215 
East One-Hundred-and-Eighteenth-st., this 
city. The grips are covered with chamois 
leather, and, having no tips to break off, are 
expected to prove rapid sellers. They list at 
$2.50 per dozen pairs. 



SERIOUS ACCIDENT. 

Boonton, N. J., Sept. 7. — Two Newark wheel' 
men, William Sweeny and Chrystal Underline, 
were seriously injured near this place to-day. 
They were riding down the Washington hill, 
when the spokes of the front wheel of their 
tandem appeared to have broken. 

Both riders were thrown forward with great 
force. A spoke entered one of Sweeny's eyes 
and destroyed the sight. His right arm was 
broken, and he was cut about the head. His 
companion sustained cuts about the face, lost 
a piece of one ear and was injured about the 
legs. 

Both were unconscious almost two hours. 
Dr. Carpenter, who attended them, says it is 
doubtful if Sweeny will live. They were sent 
to the Paterson Hospital by train. 



SEVEN SONS IN THIS CONCERN. 

Milwaukee, Sept. 3. — The Huennekens Cycle 
Company, one of the leading wholesale con- 
cerns here, has been reorganized. In the fu- 
ture it will be known as the F. W. Huen- 
neken's Sons Co. The stockholders include F. 
W. Huennekens and his seven sons. The cap- 
ital stock of the new company is $20,000; 
prospects a^te reported bright. They also 
carry a complete line of sundries. F. W. 
Huennekens is president and treasurer; Fred 
J. Huennekens is secretary. The new firm 
are selling agents for the Washburn wood 
rims, chain guards and wooden handlebars, 
and for P. L. Jacobson's barrel hub. 



THE NEGRO RIDER. 

The number of negro riders one sees pass 
up and down the Boulevard is an interesting 
study in the aptness of the negro to follow 
the fads and foibles of his white brother. 
These negroes are really expert riders, too, 
with the peculiarity of their race in any ath- 
letic sport, except a cakewalk, and that is 
the total lack of anything approaching ease 
or repose. A negro rides a wheel to make 
speed, to beat some one else, and he could see 
no enjoyment at all in mounting one for a 
spin by himself on a country road. He wants 
company, and that of a lively, rollicking sort 
all of the time. 



BARON DUNL0P, MAYBE. 

It is rumored that the elder and head Dun- 
lop is booked for a baronetcy. The head of 
the Dunlop family has two elegant mansions 
in Ireland, and has purchased palatial resi- 
dences for his sons at Birmingham, Coventry, 
etc. He has also purchased a beautiful estate 
in England. He is worth, so it is figured, 
from $10,000,000 to $20,000,000, which is very 
rich for England, and there is no reason why 
he should not puncture the aristocratic circle 
and shine in it. 



NO PREMATURE SHOWS. 

There will be no sanctioned cycle shows 
previous to the National functions in Chi- 
cago and New York. President Coleman, of 
the Board of Trade, having so decided, is 
resolutely turning a deaf ear to the various 
promoters, fair managers and the like who 
have beseiged him for sanctions. The Dallas 
(Tex.) cycle show announced for October 
12 to 24, is among the number refused offi- 
cial approval. 



FOR SMITHITES' EDIFICATION. 

The Congress of Sanitary Institutes, which 
has been in session at Newcastle, England, 
strongly indorsed cycling as a means of doing 
away with a vast number of female derange- 
ments. The conviction was expressed that 
the standard of health among women cyclists 
las been appreciably raised. 



WHEELMAN AS A TAXPAYER. 

A bill has been approved by the Highway 
Committee of Philadelphia's City Council 
which provides hat every bicycle shall be reg- 
istered and numbered, the owner paying a fee 
of $1 into the city treasury, for the use of a 
street improvement fund. 

This ordinance is one of a number now be- 
ing considered in many towns, the object be- 
ing not so much to regulate bicycle riding as 
to raise a road or street fund by the taxing of 
bicycles. The wheelman does not wear out 
the streets, and naturally objects to a tax 
upon bicycles when no tax is collected from 
carriages and other vehicles which do wear 
out the streets. 

Moreover, the wheelman everywhere pays 
his share of road taxes along with other peo- 
ple. It is only when he is mounted that he 
joins the class of wheelmen. He does not sep- 
arate himself from the community by doing 
so. His rent, which pays his landlord's taxes, 
or his taxes go on while his wheel is rolling 
around. 

If he is a minor or a boarder and does not 
pay taxes or rent, somebody pays road taxes 
for him. Clearly, it will not do to tax bicycles 
in order to maintain roads to which bicycles 
do no injury whatever. 



WHEELMEN AND WOMAN SUFFRAGE. 

The wheelmen of San Francisco have 
pledged themselves to vote for woman suf- 
frage. At first sight this promise seems pe- 
culiar, but the cause for it is found in this: 
There are 3,000 wheelwomen in San Francis- 
co, all of whom earnestly desire good, smooth 
streets. These ladies have, of course, no 
votes, so all they can do is to lend their moral 
influence to the campaign for better road- 
ways. Their moral influence is great, but 
truth compels the admission that votes are 
more effective than moral influence, when 
politics is being done. 

So the wheelmen will vote for woman suf- 
frage in order that their female colleagues 
may join them by-and-by by putting into office 
candidates who are pledged to good roads 
and can be relied upon in keeping their 
pledges and in keeping out of office candi- 
dates who will not commit themselves to a 
proper course and who cannot be depended 
upon for other reasons. The bicycle has al- 
ready given women dress reform, and now, it 
seems, it is to give her ballot reform besides. 



CHICAGO'S CURIOSITY. 
Chicago is an enthusiastic investigator of 
the occult. For example, a leading Chi- 
cago daily, thoroughly in touch with its read- 
ers, remarks: "What the Chicago people want 
to know is, what would be the effect if all the 
bloomers in Chicago were pieced together into 
one gigantic pair of bloomers, to be nailed on 
the front of the Auditorium Hotel?" While 
this is exceedingly interesting, perhaps Chi- 
cago might also be interested in what would 
be the effect if all the limbs clothed with all 
the bloomers were consolidated into one pair, 
and this gigantic pair were to assume the po- 
sition of a pair of clock hands when the hands 
betoken the arrival of half-past 6 o'clock. 



STATISTICAL CYCLING. 
Captain Louis M. Chasteau of the Philadel- 
phia Park Guard makes an interesting report 
of the number of cyclists who entered Fair- 
mount Park during last month. According to 
the records kept by the captain, the entire 
number of bicycles entering the Park in 1895 
was 243,612, while during the month just 
passed the number reached 138,645, in July 
136,553 and in June 118,405. 



i8 9 6. 



23 



SHADES OP GREENWOOD ! 

His Hill-Climbing Performances of Eagle Rock 

Knocked Galley West by the New 

Generation. 

Eagle Rock hill, an excrescence of New- 
Jersey earth, once famous in the annals of 
cycling, had some of its glory renewed on 
Labor Day. 

The Manhattan Bicycle Club had selected 
it as the scene of the first hill-climbing con- 
test that has occurred herabouts in nearly a 
decade. The result was a general smashing 
of one of the few time-honored records that 
remain and the development of striking proof 
of the wonders wrought by the improvements 
in wheels and tires. 

The hill, located in the Orange Mountains 
and commanding a magnificent view of the 
country for thirty miles around, is nine- 
tenths of a mile long; the grade varies from 
one foot in seventeen to one foot in seven. 
The surface for the most part is hard but 
stone studded. On Monday two or three short 
stretches had been softened by the heavy 
rain of the night previous. 

In former years to surmount the grade at 
all was to excite comment; to climb it in ten 
minutes or thereabouts was a remarkable 
performance worthy of print, and when Hal. 
W. Greenwood came from St. Louis and went 
up in seven minutes thirty-seven seconds he 
set a mark that profoundly amazed all cycle- 
dom and left a halo around the doughty little 
Westerner. No one had ever come within 
ninety seconds of Greenwood's time, which 
stood on record for seven years. 

In the Manhattan's contest on Monday 
twenty men started, and all but one reached 
the top, all breaking Greenwood's once mar- 
velous figures by well over one minute, while 
the winner bettered it nearly three minutes. 

The men were started singly, at intervals 
of thirty or forty seconds. Wm. Adams, of 
the Keystone B. C, Paterson, was first away. 
He went up steadily and might have been re- 
turned the winner had he not at the last 
curve turned left instead of right. Before he 
recovered himself he had lost valuable time 
and possibly the Fowler bicycle, the prin- 
cipal prize at stake. At the foot of the hill a 
crowd of several hundred had gathered; in 
the woods along the course were groups who 
kept up a running fire of encouragement to 
the toiling riders, while near the stone 
quarry, almost in sight of the tape and on 
the steepest part of the hill, a great crowd 
had gathered to view the men when their toil 
was hardest. From this point to the finish 
the spectators formed a yard-wide lane of 
craning humanity. Most of the men mounted 
the Rock in splendid style and finished re- 
markably strong. As a whole their riding 
was a worthy lesson for nose-grinding, body- 
squirming, face-distorted weaklings to whom 
hill-climbing is such fearful labor. 

The contest was devoid of special incident. 
Every man who entered started, and as 
stated all but one, R. G. Betts, Manhattan 



B. C, earned bronze medals by reaching the 
top. Betts, who had easily climbed the hill 
earlier in the day, was within seventy-five 
yards of the summit, when his chain climbed 
the sprocket and wedged in the hub, throw- 
ing him out of the race. 

The winner turned up in A. Michael, Iro- 
quois Wheelmen, Jersey City, whose riding 
was a revelation. He climbed easily and 
steadily, hardly shifting his position in the 
saddle, even at the steepest pitch in the road. 
He gained thirty-eight seconds on the man 
in front of him. The times of most of the 
men were unexpectedly fast; that of Michael, 
4:53, was a distinct surprise. The time of the 
second man, Thomas Dunn, Yonkers B. C, 



politan Association of Cycling Clubs, ref- 
ereed the event. Harry Wheeler was one of 
the timers and C. H. Budd, starter. 




A . Michael. 
was fifteen seconds to the bad. Michael rode 
a Straus-tired Lyndhurst, geared to sixty- 
three. The three men who rode Ides used the 
Ide elliptic cranks, while H. A. Meyers, a 
rosy-cheeked, rosy-haired young fellow from 
Brooklyn, tried exaggeratedly large sprock- 
ets and Bourne extension cranks which 
lengthened from 7 to 8% inches. 

Michael, the winner, is of the "hill-climber 
build," not unlike the once great Greenwood 
— short and rather stocky. He is twenty-two 
years old, five feet five and one-half inches 
tall, and weighs 145 pounds. He has raced 
on the track, winning several novice heats, 
but failing to score in the final. 

The table shows the order of the finish, ac- 
cording to times. The gears and lengths of 
crank used are interesting and not without 
value. 

P. Anthony Brock, president of the Metro- 



A. Michael, Iroquois Wheelmen 

Thomas Dunn, Yonkers Bicycle Club. .. 

Warren Lyon, Montclair 

A B. Banta, Hackensack Wheelmen 

William Adams. Keyslone Bicycle Club.. 
Adolph Oatman. Manhattan Bicycle Club 

P. C. Hardifer, Passaic 

R. E. Roome. Newark 

F.J ^assoy, Newark ... 

P. H. Johnson, East Orange Cyclers 

H, A. Meyers, Brooklyn 

George Reith, Harlem Wheelmen 

G. D.Smith, Montclair 

W'lliam Richter, New York 

Leon Jeanne, Arcanum Wheelmen 

Harry Trippett, Montclair Wheelmen 

H. A. Downee, Bloomfield 

W. A. Barker, New York 

Albert Shave, Yonkers 



Lyndhurst. . 

Ide. 

Columbia ... 

Ide 

Columbia . .. 

Ide 

Columbia ... 
Columbia .. 

Columbia 

Sagamore. .. 
Spalding ... 
Fowler. .... 

Victor 

Rambler 

Cleveland .. 
Columbia .. . 
Keating .... 

Powers 

Humber .... 



Tire. 


Gear. 


Straus 


63 


New York .... 


66K 


Hartford .... 


62 


Palmer 


63 


Hartford 


66K 




63 
6654 


Straus 


Hartford 


63 


Hartford 


70 


Palmer 


68 'A 


Palmer 


69 


Vim 


63 


Victor 


73^ 


G.&J 


56 


Palmer 


6! 


HaittVrd .... 


70 


Hartford 


7a 


Palmer 


65K 


Humber 


59« 



HE KNEW IT ALL. 

They occupied adjoining seats in the subur- 
ban smoker. The one next to the window 
was deeply immersed in a cycle maker's cata- 
logue, while his neighbor was at the burst- 
ing point in his desire to impart the informa- 
tion he seemed to think he was possessed of. 

'Ahem! Going in for a bicycle, eh?" said 
the knowing one. "Great thing, I tell you. 
Got one of them myself." 

"Yes?" queried the catalogue reader, seem- 
ingly not as much impressed as he might 
be by the information which had been thrust 
upon him. 

"And if you are a married man," continued 
the talkative man, unabashed by the direct- 
ness of the snub he had received, "when you 
buy a wheel purchase .me for your wife at 
the same time. It keeps her from laughing 
at you, and also keeps peace in the family. 
It may sound ungallant, but let your wife do 
her own riding. Don't reach over your wheel 
and undertake to help her on hers. The wheel 
will resent this. If you both come down to- 
gether, do the swearing for both. The record- 
ing angel is supposed to be looking the other 
way when people are learning to ride a wheel. 
If he isn't he ought to be." 

"Thanks, very much for your interest in 
my welfare, but, really, you are wasting your 
valuable information on me," drawled the 
catalogue reader, as he prepared to leave, 
"but you see, I've been selling bicycles for 
ten years and riding them for fifteen; am 
married, and my wife and four children all 
ride, but, still, I'm thankful just the same. 
Goodby." 

"Well, I'll be blowed!" gasped the know- 
ing one, as his seatmate vanished down the 
car aisle. 



BLEW HIS FRIEND OFF. 

Queer things happen in Oregon. If you 
doubt this, then read the following and be 
convinced: An Oregonian rejoicing in the 
name of James, whether with the prefix of 
Truthful or not deponent sayeth not, was 
stealing a ride on the sidewalks of Portland. 
Some one, evidently to frighten him, called 
"Get off the sidewalk!" Mr. James thought a 
policeman was after him, and began to sprint 
for all he was worth. There was another 
wheelman in advance of him, who was mani- 
festly a novice. Mr. James called to him to get 
out of the way. As Mr. James passed him his 
(James's) rear tire exploded with a report like 
a gun. The other rider was blown off the 
sidewalk into the gutter. 

Mr. James dashed on until he thought he 
was safe. He then looked back, but could not 
see the policeman, nor anything of the other 
man who went off the sidewalk. 

About an hour after the occurrence a boy 
reported to an officer that while he was riding- 
he was ordered to stop and throw up his hands 
by a dark-whiskered man on a wheel. He 
said he pulled out, but the man overtook him 
and shot at him as he wheeled by, but the bul- 
let punctured his tire, and he fell off the side- 
walk. He was greatly excited. 



DO NOT BE A LEVITE. 

A clergyman in the course of a sermon to 
wheelmen the other day said: "Like the Good 
Samaritan, cyclists should give assistance to a 
brother in distress on the road, when a tire is 
punctured or a little kindly help required, 
and not pass by unheeding, as the Levite did. 
Laws have to be obeyed. Many of them are 
disagreeable, and to "one I draw special atten- 
tion — the lighting of lamps after sunset." One 
theory he omitted— Was the man who passed 
by on the other side a scorcher? 



2 4 



September 1 1, 






YCLES 

ILT roR"^/?S 



NAMEPLATE VALUES. 

The value placed upon nameplates, by the buyer, 
is illustrated by the following extract from a letter 
over the signature of a prominent auctioneer: 

"Wheels sold in this market 'without name- 
plates went from $17.50 up to $27.50; with plates, 
from $30 00 to $50.00." Mr. Dealer, here is a 
pointer for you to ponder over. Buyers are not 
blind, if some of them do look silly. They can see 
well enough and reason well enough to decide the 
difference in value to them between a reputable 
wheel and an illegitimate one. They want to know 
if the maker is in existence, and if so, they want to 
know if he is proud or ashamed of his product. 

Handle bicycles made by a firm with a standing 
reputation, a firm that has weathered the storms of 
adversity. Buy New Clippers, and get what you can 
depend upon. 




Mention The Wheel. 



A PERFECT PEDAL. 

THE JANNEY FOR '97. 



sr»«* 



With no loose cones and no 
check nuts, the Janney Pedal 
will not bind or tighten, and the 
Rider will be happy. 

Absolutely dust and water 
proof. 



ar>«g 




MADE BY 



Attractive in design because 
artistic, and therefore an aid in 
selling your wheel. 

The finest wheels made will 
have Janney Pedals in '97. 

Scientific hardening makes 
the axle very nearly twice as strong 
as axles in ordinary pedals. 



CYCLE IMPROVEMENT COMPANY, Westboro, Mass., U. S. A 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



1896. 



25 




•01 

Copyright, 1896, by F. P. Prial. 
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY. 

F. P. PRIAL,, Proprietor. 



Publication Offices: 

88 W. B'way, New York. 
Post Office Address : 

Box 444, New York. 



Western Offices : 

934 Monadnock Block, 
Wheel Phone: Chicago. 
No. 3775 Cortlandt. 



I Wheel Press Phone: 
72 Warren St., New York. | No. 4335 Cortlandt. 



Printing House 
irren St 

Cable Address: "Prial," New York. 

Subscription, $2.00 a year. Single Copies, 10c. 
Foreign Subscription, 20s. a year. 

ORDERS FILLED BY ALL NEWSDEALERS. 

Advertising.— The Wheel has the largest and 
the broadest general circulation among cycle 
riders, the cycle trade and kindred trades. 
Advertising rates on application. 

Editing and Managing Staff. 

F. P. Prial, F. A. Egan, R. G. Betts, 

J. J. Prial, W. D. Callender, W V. Belknap, 

T. I. Lee, L. Geyler, J. W. Holman. 

A. T. Merrick, Illustrator. 

Notice to Advertisers. 
WHEEL ADVERTISERS are notified that change of 
advertisements is not guaranteed, unless copy is received 
by Saturday morning. 



TO FOREIGN INFORMATION SEEKERS. 
Owing to the number of inquiries received 
from abroad in regard to the status of Ameri- 
can Arms, THE WHEEL announces that it 
will give to all such inquiries the most care- 
ful attention, and all foreign merchants de- 
siring advice or information regarding Ameri- 
can trade are invited to correspond with THE 
WHEEL. 



WHAT THE CAUSE OF IT ALL IS. 



THE more time one has to study the pres- 
ent flat condition of the bicycle trade, 
the more keenly one realizes that the busi- 
ness has been carried on on an unsound basis. 
THE WHEEL is not lining up with the "I- 
told-you-so's." THE WHEEL, ever since its 
foundation, has at the risk of losing friends, 
always preached at the trade, always talked 
business morals. That THE WHEEL'S pol- 
icy has accomplished much good there is no 
doubt. There is no man who will not take a 
pointer, or who will not reason from, or who 
is not affected by some particular fact which 
is clearly brought to his mind. 

These are dull, dreary times. The general 
soreness caused by this year's congestion has 
been increased a hundredfold by a threatened 
change in currency, a threatened disturbance 
and rearrangement of values. So that finan- 
cial centres, which, in times like these, are re- 
lied upon to tide trades over the bad spots, 
have put their gold in their cellars and 
double-locked their doors, leaving the bor- 
rower high and dry, and that no matter what 
his collateral. 



But it is just such times as these, when 
there is no work to do, which afford men 
profitable thinking periods. The most profit- 
able thought that the cycle merchant can 
dwell upon in these times is that the bicycle 
business has been unbusinesslike, not ordi- 
narily unbusinesslike, but unbusinesslike in 
an extreme degree. The chief fault of the 
whole trade is lack of substantiality, a lack 
of investigativity, a lack of examination of 
reputation. Beyond one or two firms— and 
those firms are now rich — very, very few 
houses in the bicycle trade have paid any at- 
tention to proper credits. It has not been an 
unusual thing to record failures in which a 
bicycle-making firm has lost, through a me- 
dium-sized territorial agent, sums between 
$20,000 and $30,000, a line of credit which 
would be laughed at in older businesses. It 
has been a case of "taking chances" almost 
all the way through. 

A man has only to put up a pretence of 
financial soundness and he can place an order 
for almost any thing, almost any where. The 
trade has, especially during the last three or 
four years, been honeycombed with unbusi- 
nesslike men, men who "jumped" into the 
business, men who never were really directive 
and successful merchants, and who came 
equipped only with hope and nerve. Occa- 
sionally they got their footing through being 
backed by some individual capitalist who 
kept in the background; but, as a rule, the 
individual capitalist who keeps in the back- 
ground very rapidly tires of the backing 
process and leaves the nervy and hopeful per- 
son in a bad state and the nervy and hopeful 
person's creditors in a worse state. 

As an example of how easily and badly peo- 
ple are bitten, let THE WHEEL point out 
that there has lately been organized a tire 
company with $100,000 capital; yet THE 
WHEEL carries on its books an amount of 
$10 due it by the president of this company. 
This is a specific example of the solidity of 
some of these highly capitalized organiza- 
tions, many of which have not enough cash 
on hand to pay for the printing of their first 
prospectuses. Yet this $100,000 company will 
no doubt be able to obtain considerable credit 
before it goes under, for go under it must, be- 
cause it has no capital, the article it intends 
to market is unmarketable; and, outside of 
these two considerations, the head of this 
company is entirely inexperienced, uncom- 
mercial, and has had no education in business 
life. Thus failure is inevitable. 

Perhaps the points which the bicycle trade 
should most bear in mind in the future are 
cautiousness and proportion. The statement 
of every man is not to be taken at its face 
value, but, judging from the past and the 
present, it is to be taken at much less than its 
face value. He must prove his title before he 
is worthy of being entertained as a customer. 
By the sense of proportion is meant a proper 
sizing up of those who sell you, and of those 
to whom you sell, particularly those to whom 
you sell. There has been a deal of over- 
personality in the bicycle trade; but com- 
placence and geniality do not pay bills; ill 



fact, the over-complacent and ever-smiling 
party should always be an object of special 
care, for that is the type which is the most 
easily led away from and is the most often 
absent from its particular business, so that 
the business runs itself and in time becomes 
wabbly, and there is nothing left but chattel 
mortgages and preferred claims. This sense 
of proportion should ever be kept in view. A 
man should be catalogued, so far as credit is 
concerned, on a rock-bottom basis, and such 
steel-chain measurement should not be de- 
parted from. 

The bicycle trade is sound. The sound peo- 
ple are still in it. Its deflated condition is 
due to the fact that much of the wind has 
been taken out of it. The bubble has burst 
because competition has driven incompetency 
and incapacity out of the trade. We do not 
say that all the firms who have met disaster 
this year were entirely without merit. We do 
say that the trade is in much better shape be- 
cause of the departure of most of them. 



w 



NO TIME FOR TRAITORS. 

AR and business are in many things 
akin. Each is a struggle in which in the 
end trained forces and the skilful handling 
thereof must conquer, even when confronted 
by larger bodies less disciplined and improp- 
erly officered. 

To stand shoulder to shoulder, to present 
an unbroken front to the enemy, to have per- 
fect faith in those in command and to obey 
their instructions are all essential to the ulti- 
mate winning of a battle. With these essen- 
tials lacking disaster more often than victory 
will result. 

The trade, or at least the best and most 
important part of it, is to-day enlisted under 
the banners of the Board of Trade. It has 
by means of the organization and discipline 
of the board been able to fight and win its 
battles in such a manner as to merit the 
confidence of all. With the sinews of all war 
plentiful in its coffers, with system, training, 
officials and experience all perfect the present 
seems hardly the time one would look for de- 
sertions, yet rumor declares that these are 
contemplated, and on the eve of battle, too. 

In the fight which the Board of Trade is 
making for the rights of its members to con- 
trol, direct and govern its own affairs, it needs 
now, if ever, the united support of these mem- 
bers for whom it fights. In the board's de- 
termination to control absolutely such affairs 
as cycle shows, making of them affairs solely 
of, for and by the trade, without any outside 
intervention by any one, the board deserves 
the support and hearty co-operation of every 
member of the rank and file in cycling's 
army. 

No matter how specious are the promises 
the rival showman makes: no matter how he 
may spread before the eyes o\' those inclined 
to waver the elusive and delusive "net"; no 
mailer what Inducements on paper may be 
made, loyalty, sound business judgment and 



Hi 



26 



September n, 



trade remain true to its own best interests 
and its own organization, and refuse to treat, 
except with contempt, the offers of desertion 
made by the enemy. 

It is common talk in places where men con- 
gregate that a concern whose importance 
none may question, and the head of which 
once held high office in the Board of Trade, 
has promised, or at least not refused, to de- 
sert to the enemy and become the rallying 
point for those who are expected to form the 
stock in trade of the rival showman's opposi- 
tion show. This is but a showman's adapta- 
tion of an old ruse in war; he hopes by whis- 
pering to the rank and file that their officers 
are bent upon deserting to induce them to do 
the same thing. 

That none may be thus misled THE 
WHEEL, is in position to declare that neither 
the concern in question nor any other promi- 
nent concern which is a member of the board 
has the slightest idea of deserting to the 
showman's catchpenny camp. The concern 
whose name has been freely whispered around 
by emissaries of the enemy has placed 
itself upon record as being free from 
all idea of exhibiting at any other shows than 
those controlled by the Board of Trade. This 
should silence these rumors, which, by-the-by, 
hardly need refutation, when the record of 
the concern since the beginning of American 
cycle making is taken into consideration. 

Business rivalries, the desire to advertise 
and to sell should not be allowed to intrude 
at this time, when the trade more than at any 
time in its history needs mutual upholding 
of its common interests and a united front 
to its common enemies. Let no concern and 
no single member of the trade be deluded by 
the fallacious idea that in desertion exists a 
quick and easily travelled road to success. 
Deserters, even when successful, are not a 
class of men the world ever admires or after- 
ward trusts. The laws of trade and prece- 
dent cannot be violated in the present case. 
Under the Board of Trade success and solid- 
ity can alone come to the trade. Argument 
to the contrary, no matter how specious, is a 
fallacy. Loyalty has ever paid surer divi- 
dends than desertion, and the present case 
will be found no exception to the rule. 

Stand by the Board of Trade. 



It is but a question of time when we breath 
by grace of a syndicate, as we now freeze, 
feed, clothe and warm ourselves through the 
unsought permission of the ice, food, wool and 
coal barons. Racing in and around New York 
seems to have succumbed to this syndicate 
idea, and has, in consequence, passed into the 
hands of a rather close corporation, which 
with one hand pens the press notices while 
the digits of the other grasps the gate receipts. 
Maybe this is an excellent thing for racing, 
then maybe it is something not so excellent. 
Time and the methods of the syndicate alone 
will tell. 

If it be a fine art to ride your new wheel un- 
consciously, it is a still finer art to ride your 
old wheel as though it were your new one. 



The choicest pastures are not always those 
where feed the largest flocks, yet men, like 
sheep, blindly follow their leaders in pasture- 
seeking as in other things. America seeks for 
new trade pastures, and to Europe flock our 
cycle-makers, fairly falling over each other 
in their anxiety to pre-empt each his share of 
the pasturage already fairly well filled by its 
native flock. In such times the communica- 
tion of the Costa Rican Consul, in another col- 
umn, becomes timely reading, since it points 
out a pasture yet uncrowded and nearer home 
than Europe. There be many other such quiet 
trade pastures, did our manufacturers but 
cast around for them. 



It is said that "brains will tell." Some- 
times they will and sometimes they will not. 
Sometimes the more brains a man has the 
less he tells. It doesn't always answer in 
cycling for brains to tell. 



Some there are in the trade who are very 
much like thunder. They make considerable 
noise, but accomplish nothing. It is the quiet 
lightning that does the business. 



According to the qualities of the waters of 
trade upon which we cast our bread, it re- 
turns waterlogged and uneatable, or spread 
with butter and jam. 



Those who make the mistake in cycling of 
biting off more than they can chew usually 
make the greater mistake of keeping on 
chewing. 



The pale mauve quality of the sporting in- 
stincts of some of the leading professionals 
makes the judicious admirer of true racing 
grieve. 



You have got to pick the best fruit on the 
tree of trade. It will not drop into your 
hands, no matter how long you hold them 
out. 



All wheelwomen are not angels; but, judg- 
ing from the reckless way some of them ride, 
they will be angels pretty soon. 



If men could have everything Just the way 
they wanted it on a wheel, the probability 
is they wouldn't want it. 



When a man asks you to be candid about 
his wheel, he will probably be satisfied if you 
are complimentary. 



The racer who tries to win by unfair means 
is doing his duty as he doesn't understand it. 



All dogs who dislike wheelmen are, unfortu- 
nately, neither dead nor yet "in a manger." 



The wheel we ride is a revelation not only 
of our tastes, but of our bank account. 



A man likes to feel he looks well on 
wheel; a woman likes to be told so. 



No small number of racers make their best 
time on the wrong track. 



COSTA RICA AS A MARKET. 

In the last issue of THE WHEEL appeared 
an article upon the possibilities of Costa Rica 
as affording a possible market for American- 
made cycles. Mr. Gustavo Niederlein, Costa 
Rican representative at Philadelphia, has sent 
the following communication in regard to the 
matter: 

Consulado de la Republica de Costa Rica, 
Philadelphia, Penn., Sept. 5, 1896. 
To the Editor of THE WHEEL. 

Dear iSir: I have read with great interest your 
excellent paper, though I confess to have ignored 
many things of the rich contents of your paper. 
I am, indeed, astonished at the great variety of 
articles and goods offered in the advertisements. 

The cycle trade has undoubtedly an immense 
future the world over. All highly civilized na- 
tions have already made good use of the bicycle. 
Cycling, besides its many and other important 
benefits, will give a powerful and much-needed 
impulse for better communications in countries 
like Costa Rica, where an immense territory is 
sparsely pDpulated. I am convinced that I can 
render a great service to the country which I 
represent when I do my best in making cycling 
popular among its citizens. I repeat, therefore, 
my wish to the manufacturers of bicycles to 
send me their catalogues in duplicate and with 
corresponding data on prices, terms of credit, 
discounts, manner of packing and shipping, 
freight rates, etc. 

Costa Rica has a railroad which connects the 
capital, San Jose, with Port Limon, on the At- 
lantic Ocean. It has two smaller railroads on 
the Pacific side. The other means of communi- 
cations are general roads for wagons and other 
roads for men on horseback. The latter, how- 
ever, can hardly be used for cycling. General 
roads for wagons are numerous, but during the 
rainy season would hardly do for cycling. The 
bicycle will actually only be used in cities and 
towns, and there even during the rainy season 
only with difficulty. 

Notwithstanding these drawbacks, Costa Rica 
will be a good bicycle market, since the popula- 
tion is the most advanced in Central and South 
America, and ready to accept every improve- 
ment and every step forward in civilization. 

But the American manufacturer must remem- 
ber that Costa Rica is in the first place a coffee 
country. Countries like this of necessity must 
receive long credits, since only once a year is 
its crop paid for. These circumstances have been 
generally ignored by the American manufact- 
urer, with the result that Americans could not 
do business in those countries, giving their great 
opportunities and advantages for highly profita- 
ble business to England, Germany, France and 
other European countries who know better how 
to adapt themselves to circumstances. Very re- 
spectfully yours, 

GUSTAVO NIEDERLEIN, Consul. 

All goods for Costa Rica should be accom- 
panied by a corresponding consular invoice. 
The customs duties are calculated on gross 
weight, which average 20 to 25 per cent of 
the cost of imports and are payable half down 
and half within three months' time. This 
trade once established cannot fail to prove 
profitable. Manufacturers would do well to 
communicate with Mr. Niederlein, who is 
ready and willing to furnish all the informa- 
tion that may be desired. Mr. Niederlein is 
well equipped for the duties of his position, as 
he possesses both ability and experience. He, 
with Professor Dr. W. P. Wilson, was the 
founder of the Philadelphia Commercial Mu- 
seum, and is actually the chief of its scientific 
department. Six months ago he was the 
Commissioner-General of the Argentine Gov- 
ernment at the Atlanta Exposition. Consul 
Niederlein was also Government Commis- 
sioner at the World's Fair and the Paris Ex- 
position. 



Record is the soul of speed in blossom. 



SOMEWHAT SARCASTIC. 

The French cycle papers are in high dudgeon 
over the '97 international meet being awarded 
to Scotland. The Frenchmen have bid unsuc- 
cessfully for the meet for two years. "Le Velo" 
advises Timbuctoo and Honolulu to prepare 
their tracks for future meets. 



1896. 



27 



AS THEY CLIMB. 

Relatively, the position of the ladderites 
was not changed as much by the results at 
Springfield as both the men and their ad- 
mirers had expected. Safely perched upon 
the top rung still remains Gardiner, while 
close to his heels continues Cooper. Bald 
squeezes by Ziegler, securing third honors in 
consequence, while Butler's winning rush 
carries him but one rung behind the Buffalo 
boy, leaving Ziegler one point less, and in 
fifth place. Sanger gets a dead heat for last 
place, graduating from the head of the also 
ran division to the lower rungs of the ladder 
brigade. A better bunching of the prominent 
men than is seen on the ladder this week 
has never been seen, and it clearly shows how 
close the finish among the first flight is going 
to be. 

Points are based upon the racer's wins on 
the National Circuit only. A win counts three 
points, a second two points, and a third one 
point. The present ladder shows the men as 
they have climbed up to and including the 
meet at Boston, Mass., on September 7. 



MAX FELL AND LOST. 
Denver, Col., Sept. 7. — The record for twen- 
ty-five miles on the road was broken in the 
Denver Labor Day road race. The judges have 
not yet decided whether they will give the 
time prize to Joe E. Marshall or E. Tyler 
Smith, nor has the time been definitely decid- 
ed, although it will be about 1:02:20. The time 
prize would have been won by Max Kreutz 
had he not fallen within a few yards of the 
finish, causing so much confusion that the 
judges became muddled. Nat M. Gilman, with 
nine minutes' handicap, won the race, his 
time being 1:06:41. 



LITTLE MAN, GREAT RIDER. 
James Michael, the famous little "Welsh 
rider, who arrived in New Tork last week 
from England, has been matched for a twen- 
ty-five-mile race with C. M. Murphy. The race 
is to be run at the Quill Club's meet, Manhat- 
tan Beach, September 19. Michael will also 
ride in the hour race. "Victor and Henri Jallu, 
two of the three brothers of a triplet pacing 
team, have arrived in New Tork, and the 
other will follow. They will be used for pac- 
ing purposes at this meet. 



AMATEURS THE FASTER. 

Providence, Sept. 7. — A scratch race be- 
tween the Stearns and Syracure sextet was 
booked as a feature of the Rhode Island 
State Fair to-day. The race did not take 
place, however, owing to the Stearns machine 
being mounted by a professional crew, while 
the Syracuse riders were amateurs. The 
Stearns crew rode an exhibition mile in 2:02. 
The Syracuse machine was ridden the same 
distance in 1:58. 



FIRST-FLIGHTER IN '97. 
Manager Pelot, of the Morgan & "Wright 
team, believes that in "Jimmie" Bowler, one 
of M. & W.'s racing "kindergarten," he has 
one of the first-flighters of '97. Bowler, it 
will be recalled, displayed splendid form at 
Springfield. 



At the international meet at Vienna Septem- 
ber 8 Huret and Buechner, on a tandem, low- 
ered the 500-metres record to 30 2-5 seconds. 
Jacquelin won the championship of Europe 
event. 

Australia's great event, the Austral wheel 
race, will take place on November 28. The 
total value of the prizes have been raised to 
$1,750, the first prize being $1,500. 





^r* 1 



-MEVfife '>.-*££ £ *--- 




1: ?»»»':■'■*., ~\ ,•)■ ; 



ALSO RANS. 
The following are the men on the National 
Circuit whose wins have been sufficient t< 
score for them ten points and over: McFar 
lind, 28; Coulter, 27; Kimble, 19; Parker, 17 
Kennedy, 16; Clark, 16; Becker, 16; Coburn 
13; Allen, 11; Mertens, 11; Baker, 11; Mc 
Donald, 10. 



SWARMED AT WILLOW GROVE. 

Philadelphia's new track at "Willow Grove 
was opened on Monday night. The event 
attracted the largest crowd that ever at- 
tended a meet in the Quaker City. Over 10,- 
000 people crowded into the grand stand and 
bounded the track. It was an enthusiastic 
crowd, and every deserving victory was ap- 
plauded. The track, being new, was conse- 
quently rather soft, and the times were con- 
sequently slow, although a triplet negotiated 
the half in 58 2-5 seconds. Numerous electric 
lights illuminated all parts of the track and 
grounds. The feature of the meet was the 
struggle between Starbuck and Carrol Jack 
in the five-mile handicap, the latter winning 
by inches. A mile race between newspaper 
men was a novelty that excited much in- 
terest. The track, it is thought, will prove the 
most popular and fastest in Philadelphia. 
Summary: 

One-mile newspaper handicap— 1, J. B. Clift, 
scratch; 2, G. Diddlebock, 150 yards; 3, A. Mann, 
75 yards. Time, 2.31. 

One-mile novice— Final, 1, Theodore Weyman; 
2, R. Boone; 3, J. Inskip. Time, 2.44 1-5. 

One-mile open, professional— Final, 1, J. F. 
Starbuck; 2, C. B. Jack; 3, C. C. Bowers; 4. A. C. 
Meixell. Time, 2.25 4-5. 

One-mile open— Final heat— 1, P. S. Davis; 2, 
B. B. Stevens; 3, J. A. Vernier; 4, W. L. Austin. 
Time, 2.24 3-5. 

One-mile handicap, professional— 1, A. C. Meix- 
ell; 2, S. L. Cassedy; 3, A. Boone; 4, C. Turville. 
Time— 2.15 2-5. 

One-mile handicap— Final heat— 1, A. L. 
Worthington; 2, C. Turville; 3, W. B. West; 4, 
J. B. Clift. Time, 2.27 4-5. 

Five-mile handicap— 1, C. B. Jack, 200 yards; 2, 
J. F. Starbuck, scratch; 3, C. C. Bowers, 150 
yards; 4, Charles Turville, 150 yards; 5, George 
Zimmerman, 425 yards. Time, 12.55 4-5. 



MADDOX WAS THE MAN. 

Providence, R. I., Sept. 8.— Meets have been 
held at the Crescent Park track almost weekly 
since its opening early in the season, but none 
were more interesting than to-day's events. 
Nearly 3,000 spectators were present. C. S. 
Bolting, the star road rider of the State, made 
his first appearance on the track, and won 
second in the novice. Harry Maddox and Mc- 
Duffee had it hot in the mile professional, but 
the Asbury Park man made a brilliant jump at 
the finish and won. Summary: 

One-mile novice— 1, C. L. Woodard, Pawtucket; 

2, C. S. Boiling, East Providence; 3, Walter Tib- 
bitts, Providence. Time— 2:32. 

One-mile open— 1, Fred Devlin, Pawtucket; 2, 
Horace B. Hills, Providence; 3, Joseph Bowden, 
Providence. Time— 2:23 1-5. 

One-mile open, professional— 1, Harry H. Mad- 
dox, Asbury Park; 2, E. A. McDuffee, Everett; 

3, Hollis A. Adams, Worcester. Time— 2:15 3-5. 
One-mile handicap— 1, Joseph Bowden, Provi- 
dence (10 yards); 2, H. B. Hills, Providence 
(scratch); 3, William Sullivan, Pawtucket 
(scratch). Time— 2:16 4-5. 

One-mile handicap, professional— 1, E. A. Mc- 
Duffee (15 yards); 2, H. H. Maddox (15 yards); 3, 
H. A. Adams (40 yards); 4, A. H. Barnett, Lynn 
(80 yards). Time— 2:13. 



PIKE PROSPERED. 

At Rockland, Me., on Sept. 7, C. B. Pike, of 
Norway, won the mile open in 3:17%, the half- 
mile State championship in 1:12%, and the 
half-mile open in 1:12, and finished second in 
the mile State championship. Edward Ricker 
won the latter event in 2:23. 



TWO ON LABOR DAY. 

As customary, the New-Jersey Athletic Club 
ran two cycle events at their Labor Day 
games. C. Sandford, jr., 110 yards, won the 
mile handicap in 2:25, and E. Anderson. ISO 
yards, the two-mile handicap. Sandford was 
second. 



September n 



VARIETY OF CHAMPIONS. 

Messenger Boys, Policemen and Amateurs all 

Championised at the State Division 

Racing Fest. 

The proudest of Brooklyn clubs in these 
days is the South Brooklyn Wheelmen, a not 
particularly widely known organization. 
However, at one bound, and without any 
pacemaking, they jumped into fame with 
their New York State Division championship 
meeting-, held under their auspices at Man- 
hattan Beach on Labor Day. From the 
Brooklyn Bridge to the Manhattan Beach 
track there was, immediately after the lunch- 
eon hour, nothing but a stream of wheelmen 
and wheelwomen, and not a few wheel boys. 
The day was brilliant — in fact, after the two 
days of downpour, startlingly brilliant, and 
as the riders streamed along the Cycle Path 
they made a beautiful and animated picture. 
It is impossible to even hint at the many 
ludicrous scenes, accidents and incidents 
which happened on the journey down and on 
the journey up. One man had the good luck 
to have a tandem pass over his chest, after 
having been pushed off his own wheel. He 
quickly straightened himself up, brushed off 
his clothes and went his way. Two scorchers, 
who terrorized half the people on the path, 
met at the point where you turn off to the 
Manhattan Beach track. There was a pond 
of mud and water, and one of them took a 
header into it. He was a "sight." 

It is impossible to say how many people 
were at the track, but it was a "bumper 
house," as the theatrical writers would say. 
Popular prices — 50 cents for the grandstand 
and 25 cents for the bleachers — won the day. 
The bleachers were invisible, so densely 
packed was the humanity on them, and the 
grandstand was filled to most gratifying pro- 
portions. 

The meet was a sort of midsummer night's 
dream— a sort of delicate, hazy matinee. The 
track and the inclosure were as spick and 
span as a bridegroom. No prettier inclosure 
could possibly be imagined. In the centre, at 
which point a pond of rainwater had con- 
gregated, a covey of plover spent the entire 
afternoon, darting in myriad cycles here, 
there and everywhere. 

There was nothing sensational abcut the 
meet. There was considerable loafing, which 
brought out some not undeserved hisses. 
Three or four men "tumbled," but they "tum- 
bled" lightly. There was only one protest 
lodged during the day, and that was merely 
to cover a technical point. It seems that 
Fuller, the winner of the novice race, had 
won a club event, and the referee allowed 
him to ride under protest, believing that a 
club event should not count in an open race. 
The referee, on logical and sensible grounds, 
appears to be right. The meet was perfect- 
ly run and was finished at 6:15. There was 
nothing especially exciting— simply a series 
of good finishes, without any fast time, and 
without any occasion for marked enthusiasm. 
The audience applauded all of the events 
throughout the entire afternoon. They were 
in holiday mood, and ready to be pleased at 
anything, and they had a fair menu of sport 
seived up to them, without any highly spiced 
dishes. 

As far as the racing goes, Wallace H. Owen, 
of the South Brooklyn Wheelmen— "Wallie" 
Owen— loomed up with particular prominence, 
winning the quarter-mile State championship 
and figuring prominently in many other 
events. Young Barbeau is deserving of par- 
ticular mention. This slender youth trailed 
the triplet a half-mile, flying start, in 551-5 
seconds, which, considering the breezy char- 
acter of Hi'' day, was a marvellously line per- 
formance. He also rode in many other 



events, and scampered off with the two-mile 
State championship. Fuller, the novice win- 
ner, showed that he was a sterling rider, as 
he won the third heat in the quarter-mile 
championship, but did not start in the final, 
because it was discovered that he resided in 
Jersey City, and not within the lines of the 
New- York State Division. 

The messenger boys' race was a disap- 
pointment and was not particularly interest- 
ing. An assorted number of boys turned out, 
some little, some big. One would have won 
the chewing-gum championship easily !»ad 
there been such an event on the programme. 
A Syracuse lad won in such fine style that 
his pedigree was questioned, and it was whis- 
pered about that he was a professional. 

The "coppers' " championship was devoid of 
brilliancy. The talent risked their opinion on 
Schussler, the New- York crack, a man of 
splendid build and of hard, determined feat- 
ures. That head, however, is not packed with 
diplomacy and stands merely for strength, 
for he was in the wrong position at all times 
throughout the race, managed himself badly, 
and allowed "Von Rodeck to scamper away 
from him on the last lap, after the lurid- 
haired McKay had endeavored to make a 
runaway race of it on the last lap. Schussler 
was recently declared a professional, but his 
entry was nevertheless accepted, and when 
his fellow-police, while on the mark, were in- 
formed of the endangering of their amateur 
status they declared that they cared not a 
darn, only they didn't say darn. "Van Ro- 
deck, a hefty Teuton, threw kisses to the 
grandstand when they applauded, and then 
rode an extra lap and went through a series 
of antics to show that his handle-bars had 
worked loose. He is merely a special officer 
in the employ of a dry-goods store, and is 
not a regular "cop." There was talk of a pro- 
test, but none was filed. 

Throughout the day the time limits were 
badly shattered. They ran from. 2:30 to 2:40, 
and should easily have been beaten. The ref- 
eree permitted all the heats to be run over 
when the time limits were exceeded, the result 
being that the riders, knowing they would 
have opportunities of trying again, developed 
a sort of "loafy" feeling, which permeated 
the proceedings throughout the day. Isaac B. 
Potter refereed in the most satisfactory fash- 
ion. 

One-mile novice— Final heat— 1, B. C. Fuller, 
Liberty W. ; 2, R. B. Harris, N. W.; 3, J. H. 
Rogers, Y. M. C. A., E. D., Brooklyn; 4, Otto F. 
Peterson, South Brooklyn W. Time— 2 :23 1-5. 
Fuller won his heat in 2:20. 

Quarter-mile State championship— First heat- 
Walter H. Owen S. Brooklyn W.; 0:312-5. Sec- 
ond heat— F. A. Nagel, Riverside W. ; 0:314-5. 
Third heat— B. C. Fuller, L. W.; 0:32 2-5. Fourth 
heat— H. K. Bird, N. Y. A. O; 0:32 3-5. Final 
heat— 1, Owen; 2, Bird; 3, F. D. White, Lyn- 
brook. Time— 0:32. 

One-mile messenger boys' race, championship 
—First heat— Chris Snyder; time^2:48. Second 
heat— J. O. Pennock, Syracuse; time— 2:49. Final 
heat — 1, Fennock; 2, Albert Green, New York; 3, 
E. C. Wentling, Syracuse. Time— 2 :48 3-5. 

One-half mile, flying start, paced by Eitz, 
Nagle and Judge, the Riverside triplets— W. A. 
Barbeau . Tim e— :55 1-5. 

One-mile scratch— Final heat— 1, J. H. Lake, 
Harlem W.; 2, W. A. Brown, Riverside W. ; 3, 
H. K. Roe, Patchogue W. Time— 2:14. 

One-mile police, State championship— 1, Hugo 
von Roedeck, Brooklyn; 2, George McKay, New 
York City; 3, Harry M. Neggesmith, New York 
City; 4, John Schuessler, New York City. Time 
—2:38 4-5. McKay is red-headed and strong. 
Schuessler is strong and doughheaded. Some one 
said he was a "pro," but he said he didn't care 
a— well, you know. Von Roedick is said to be a 
special officer, a good racing man, just sworn in 
as a special policeman for the day. Andrews 
said ho would investigate. The Commissioner did 
not like to see his man Schuessler knocked 
down. 



Two-mile State championship — First heat— 1, H. 
K. Bird, N. Y. A. C; 2, W. A. Barbeau, River- 
side W. Time— 5:20. Second heat— 1, H. K. Roe, 
Patehogue W. ; 2, B. T. Allen, Liberty W. Time— 
5:19%. Final heat— 1, Barbeau; 2, Owen; 3, Bird. 
Time— 4:44 3-5. Paced by Judge and Nagle, the 
Riverside twins. 

Two-mile tandem handicap— 1, Barbeau and W. 
A. Brown (scratch), Riverside W. ; 2, E. G. 
Crum and A. S. Jungkind, Riverside W. (110 
yards); 3, W. H. Owen and Mate Sibley (70). 
Time— 4:54. The two W. A. B.'s flew about the 
path, plover-fashion, caught their limit man at 
two-thirds of a mile, and then sauntered home. 

Master Le Roy See gave an exhibition of 
fancy riding, which pleased the crowd im- 
mensely. He is a bright, capable and graceful 
youth, and should, in time, be among the best 
of our fancy riders. He performed some new 
tricks, and particularly pleased "Popper" See 
and the other young Sees. 

Samuel D. See started well. George Steb- 
bins, Brooklyn Bicycle Club, assistant starter, 
was in effective evidence throughout the day. 
J. F. Borland, Brooklyn Bicycle Club, clerked 
the course in his usual good style. 

The Racing Meet Committee, who were 
worthy of much praise, were N. R. Macdonald, 
chairman; John W. Turner, E. P. Liesegang, 
Robert L. Smith, George H. Greenia and 
George E. Stackhouse. 



INEXPERIENCE PRODUCES LOAFING. 

Lebanon, Pa., Sept. 3.— Inexperienced offi- 
cials caused the first meet of the Delta Wheel- 
men to be a long drawnout affair. There was 
a delay in starting and long waits between 
the event. Loafing predominated in all the 
races until the sprint. An exhibition mile 
was ridden by C. W. Krick in 2:13. Atten- 
dance fair. Summary: 

One mile, open— 1, Andrew Henry, Annville; 2, 
E. Huber, Lebanon; 3, William Peiffer. Leb- 
anon. Time— 2:52. 

One-half mile, open— 1, Walter Henry, Leb- 
anon; 2, Harry Blecker, Lebanon; 3, John Mar- 
tin, Myerstown. Time— 1:17. 

One mile, handicap— 1, Miller Hottenstein, 
Lebanon (35 yards); 2, Walter Henry, Lebanon 
(35); 3, Eugene Myers, Annville (15). Time— 2:37. 

One-fourth mile— 1, Ross Morgan, Lebanon; 2, 
Anson Behney, Lebanon; 3, B. P. Wynings, 
Lebanon. Time— 0:37 2-5. 

Three-mile handicap— 1, Miller Hottenstein (80 
yards); 2, J. H. Coppenhaven (60); 3, Henry 
Strohm (180). Time— 8:37 4-5. 

One mile, tandem— 1, Wynings and Huber; 2, 
Pott and Behney. Time— 2:57. 



COOPER COMES A CROPPER. 

Providence, Sept. 5.— Tom Cooper met with 
a disastrous spill at the Crescent Park meet 
to-day. As a result he is going around with 
his face covered with bandages. The spill 
took place in the final of the mile open. His 
pedal struck the machine of a contestant and 
he went over the bank, striking on his face. 
He was rendered unconscious and was badly 
cut. With Cooper out McDuffee won the race. 
Summary: 

One mile, open, professional— 1, E. A. Mc- 
Duffee, Everett, Mass.; 2, Fred Loughead, Can- 
ada; 3, H. H. Maddox Asbury Park. Time— 2:15. 

One mile, handicap, professional— 1, J. C. Wet- 
ergreen (55 yards); 2, Fred Loughead (scratch); 
3, Louis B. Arnold (55); 4, Burns Pierce (75). 
Time— 2:391-5. 

One mile, open— 1, Fred Devlin, R. I. W. ; 2, B. 
Livermore, Worcester; 3, Theo. Ehrlich. Time 
—2:25 3-5. 

One mile, handicap— 1, D. Daley, Taunton (100 
yards); 2, F. Devlin (20); 3, Frank Fish (scratch). 
Time— 2:26 3-5. 



HAD WALKED SOME. 



Stage Manager — Have you ever had any 
experience as walking gentleman? 

Tripper— Have I? Well, I guess yes. I've 
been riding a pneumatic for two years past 
both a tack factory and the glass works. 



896. 



[Advertisement.] 



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A Few Extracts from Letters Received By 

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3° 



September n, 



EACH TOM HAS HIS DAY. 



Tom Butler " Stars " on Wednesday— Tom Cooper on Thursday— Bald and Cooper Have 
Another Rumpus and Cooper Is Disqualified and Fined— Springfield's Halo 
No longer Bedazzling. 



Springfield isn't like it used to be. 

Tom Eck remarked the fact. 

"I like the Springfield boys," said the silver- 
haired Thomas, "they always used me well, 
but there's something lacking, an absence of 
that 'How are you' ? which was the custom in 
the olrl days." 

There must be something in what Eck 
stated. Others said substantially the same 
thing. Charles Measure, A. Kennedy-Child, 
who used to referee the Springfield tourna- 
ments in the "good old days," and a dozen 
others seemed to agree on the point. 

There are many reasons to account for the 
lacking, whatever it may be. Cycledom is 
now a fairly large world. A man in knick- 
erbockers no longer nods to every other man 
similarly attired. If he did he would soon 
have his neck swathed in bandages. If he 
said, "Hello!" or "How are you?" he would 
scarce have time between breaths. It is no 
longer to be expected. Then, too, the promo- 
tion of meets, like the promotion of 
parades, century runs and the like has 
become more and more a strictly busi- 
ness pursuit— a mere matter of dollars and 
cents. Perhaps it is just as well that it is 
so. The management was well nigh flawless 
and the press people were served with cigars 
and claret lemonade as of old, but for all 
that, there is no denying that the Springfield 
tournament is no longer as sharply outlined 
against the sky as in years past. The press 
box this year showed this fairly well. But 
one of the New-York dailies sent on its 
"cycle editor," and the Boston papers were not 
so numerously represented as usual; some of 
them turned up for the last day's racing only. 
There were seats to spare. 

The fact is there are now other footprints 
in the sand, other meets as well managed, as 
well advertised, as liberal in prizes and at- 
tended by as many of the stars. There are 
other tracks as fast, other tracks calculated 
to beget soul-stirring finishes. 

Coming from Louisville to Springfield, the 
superiority from a spectator's standpoint, at 
least, of the three-lap track over the half- 
mile circuit was easily apparent. The same 
men raced at both places. On the big track 
they are lost. They are too far away to be 
recognized; they do not pass often enough, 
and when they rush for home they almost 
invariably spread out all over the path. There 
were few of the handkerchief finishes that 
marked the sport at Louisville. In all of the 
big races the men seemed to place themselves 
at the last turn and won by decisive margins; 



they finished in Indian file. 

The Springfielders probably recognize the 
altered condition of things as clearly as any 
one. One of them told me that this year 
they had concentrated their efforts more than 
ever before. They did not reach out so far, 
but rather endeavored to interest and attract 
the people in and around Springfield. They 
succeeded, too. Certainly not less than 30,000 
spectators were present during the three 
days, two thousand or three thousand of 
whom were interested enough to pay to wit- 
ness the heats that formed a sort of preface 
to the meet proper, and which were reported 
in detail in last week's WHEEL. 

At the close of Wednesday's racing Tom 
Butler was easily fhe cock of the walk. The 
126-pound youngster had administered decis- 
ive trouncings to Cooper, Bald, Gardiner and 
the whole outfit, and New England was 
puffed with pride, for Thomas is a product 
of New England. And Butler's riding was 
cause for pride anywhere and in any people. 

In both races, the so-called mile interna- 
tional and in the half-mile, his tactics were 
the same. He got under way like lightning, 
and tacked on to the pacemakers. In both 
events, Bald, from a rear position out-San- 
gered Sanger, and started the sprints. In 
the half-mile he swung into the straight with 
a clear lead, but once clear of the pacemaker, 
Butler came like a streak and seemed to cover 
two yards to Bald's one. Bald fought like a 
fiend; he stuck to his work with a doggedness 
and dash that reflected the Bald of '95, but 
he was no match for the Boston stripling. 
The two were clear of the ruck. It was a 
free field and no favor. The fight was short 
and sharp, but never in doubt. Butler simply 
romped away from Bald, opening an amaz- 
ingly wide gap of daylight in the last thirty 
yards. Cooper, too, gained on Bald, but 
could not pass him. He finished in third 
place. Time, 1:01 4-5. 

In the mile the battle was between But- 
ler and Cooper. Again they pulled clear of 
the rabble. Butler was this time in front at 
the turn. Cooper was at his heels. He could 
get no further, but not one inch could But- 
ler gain. They fought it out this way all the 
way home. They rode stride for stride. 
Never did men seem so evenly matched. Two 
yards back of Cooper was Gardiner; three 
yards further back Bald was leading the 
bunch. Sanger created a diversion by com- 
ing around on the extreme outside and gave 
promise of making a brilliant play for a 



place, but the fire left his feet, and he fell 
back like a ship in distress. The time — 
2:05 2-5— was allowed to stand. The limit 
was 2:05. Late in the evening the disqualifi- 
cation of Cooper was announced. Bald had 
protested him, and another fagot had bean 
heaped upon the fierce fire of hatred that is 
consuming the two. Bald claimed that 
Cooper had reached out and pushed him. 
Cooper claimed that he simply elbowed or 
leaned to save himself from a similar play by 
Bald. Referee Robinson called every one in 
the race before him, and, after hearing the 
evidence, not only disqualified Cooper, but 
fined him $50, as well. 



Afterward I heard Cooper's trainer relate 
such a story of the occurrence that I won- 
dered how any referee could disqualify the 
Detroiter. According to Trainer Webb, 
Cooper got into such close quarters that he 
had touched Bald in attempting merely to 
save himself from falling with young New- 
ton, who was forced against the rail. In 
falling Newton, like a drowning man, had 
put out his hand and clutched; in doing so 
he had pinched Ziegler's arm. Webb averred 
that the latter's arm still bore the mark of 
Newton's fingers. 

When I saw Cooper he told an entirely dif- 
ferent tale. He denied reaching out at all, 
and said that Bald was the aggressor, having 
"leaned" against him and he had "leaned" 
in turn, "just as any other man would do." 

Webb had also repeated some of the lan- 
guage that Bald was said to have applied to 
Cooper in the dressing-room. It would not 
look well in print. Among other things, Bald 
had termed his rival a vermin-infested canine, 
using the barroom words to describe the ani- 
mal. In this Cooper bore out what Webb 
had said. Bald, however, denies it quali- 
fiedly. He admits calling Cooper a canine, 
but not the insect-ridden sort— an unclean 
canine is what he termed him. 

Cooper says Bald is anxious to draw him 
into a knockdown argument, and has said as 
much. But Cooper says he has no desire to 
be suspended for thirty or sixty days, and 
will not be embroiled, at least not in a dress- 
ing-room or on a track. Elsewhere it might 
be different. 

Asked what led up to the estrangement 
and present bitter unfriendliness, Cooper, 
after a little palaver, said: 

"I think I know what the cause of it is. I 
could tell a great deal, but it might get sev- 
eral of us into trouble, even myself, per- 
haps." 

Naturally, he went no further. He said, 
however, that during all of last year Bald 
made a pract ; ce when racing of forcing him 



First Heat, Eleven Starters- 
Second Heat, Nine Starters- 
Third Heat, Ten Starters- 
Fourth Heat, Eight Starters— 

Thirteen Starters— 1 



First Heat, Ten Starters- 
Second Heat, Eleven Starters- 
Third Heat, Eleven Starters- 
Final Heat— 1, R. F. Ludwig * 



2, W. E. Tenzler. 



1, W. C. Sanger 
1, Tom Cooper. 
1, E. C. Bald. 
1, Tom Butler. 



WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2. 

ONE-MILE LOCAL. 
, E. C. Ferree. 4, J. T. Kelleher. 5, R. F. Ludwig. 6, C. M. Bly. Time, 2.24 2-5. 

HALF-MILE PROFESSIONAL. 
2, W. M. Randall. 3, C. R. Newton. 4, A. E. Wienig. 5, Arthur Gardiner. Time, 1.08. 

2, A. D. Kennedy, Jr. 3, L. D. Cabanne. 4, A. R. Ives. 5, Otto Ziegler Time, 1.06 1-5. 

2, F. C. Hoyt. 3, Owen Kimble. 4, Ray McDonald. 5, A. B. Rich. Time, 1.04 3-5. 

2, F. C. Schrein. 3, C. M. Murphy. 4, Fred Loughead. 5, C. S. Wells. Time, 1.09 2-5. 

HALF-MILE OPEN. 
ke. 2, Joe Harrison. 3, R. F. Ludwig. 4, Ray Dawson. 

ONE-MILE PROFESSIONAL— 2.10 Class. 
, W. J. Helfert. 3, Frank J. Jenny. 4, Chas. Hadfield. 5, P. J. Berlo. 6, H. D. Hutchins 

HALF-MILE PROFESSIONAL, 
tld. 3, Cooper. 4, Kennedy. 5, Murphy. 6, Randall. 7, Kimble. 

ONE-MILE OPEN. 
2, F A. Gately 3, A. M. Curtis. 4, E. M. Blake , 5, J. S. Johnson. Time, 2.37 2-5. 

2, R. M. Alexander 3, C. S Henshaw 4, F. A. Fish and F. I. Elmer (tie). Time, 2.25 3-5. 

2, Joe Harrison. 3, Fred Devlin. 4, H. E. Caldwell. 5, Oscar Hedstrom. Time, I 



5, W. G. Douglas. 

Rigby. 
Sanger. 



7, F. 



C. C. Ingrah 



1, R. F. Ludwig. 

2, C C. Ingraham 



6, R. M. Alexander. Time, 2.( 



Thirteen Starters— 1, Tom Butler. 2, Tom Cooper 



Sixteen Starters— 1, Lewis, 270. 



Fifteen Starters- 



1, A. M. Curtis, 40. 



3, Ray Dawson. 4, Joe Harrison. 5, H. E. Caldwell 

ONE-MILE INTERNATIONAL, PROFESSIONAL. 
Arthur Gardiner. 4, E. C. Bald. 5, L. A. Callahan. 6, Otto Ziegler. 7, L. D. Cabanne. 
TWO-MILE HANDICAP, PROFESSIONAL. 
). 3, Bowler, 190. 4, Rich, 180. 5, L. P. Callahan, 240. 6, A. D. Kennedy, Jr., scratch. 7, Baker, 60. 8. 

ONE-MILE HANDICAP. 
2, F. A. Gately, 70. 3, R. M. Alexander, 40. 4, H. E. Caldwell, 40. 5, I. G. Perry, 70. 6, Fred Devi 



Time, 2.05 2-5. *Disqualified. 
Hoyt, 70. Time, 4.20 3-5. 
1, 50. Time, 2.09 3-5, 



'896. «W/MW 31 



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I The Crime of 73 | 

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We number among our customers the biggest, shrewdest 
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have room for a few solid jobbers. We are one of the 
few factories that run twelve months each year at full 
blast. Capacity, 40,000 bicycles. 



TWENTY NEW MODELS NOW ON EXHIBITION AT OUR 

QUARTERS IN THE WELLINGTON HOTEL, CHICAGO. 




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Branch House, 285 Wabash Avenue, Chicago. 

Address all mail to general offices and factories— Kenosha, Wis. 

Kindly mention The Wheel 



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c 0n^> UUUUUttttUUft 



32 



September n, 



to sit up. This season Cooper has his nerve 
with him and has refused to be disconcerted. 



Of the other events of Wednesday the mile, 
2:10 class, was easily the most exciting. It 
was paced by A. R. Ives and A. H. Barnett 
on singles. When the pacers dropped Arthur 
Porter came away and opened five yards of 
daylight. Jenney and Helfert were after him 
like flashes. The struggle down the stretch 
was magnificent. The other two came fast 
and gained surely on Porter, who "dug" in 
his usual painfully desperate fashion. He 
almost tied himself into a knot, and rode as 
unsteadily as a drunken sailor. But he man- 
aged to hold his own. The three were abreast 
at the tape; it took the judges to place them. 
Five yards further and Porter would have 
been third. 

The two-mile handicap was a runaway for 
the five limit men. The back-markers 
bunched early and then slowed. Berlo was in 
front of the crowd and seemed to be holding 
it back with purpose aforethought. On the 
last lap Sanger, scratch, came from the rear 
of the bunch, and riding like the wind al- 
most closed on the limit men. Sanger was 
the popular idol, and the spectators rose from 
their seats and were cheering lustily when 
Sanger stopped as suddenly as he started. 
There was never such an aggravatingly un- 
certain rider as this Sanger. He has the sym- 
pathy of the crowd, but scarce deserves it. 
Lewis, Bates and Bowler had a red-hot fight 
right up to the tape. Bowler came very fast 
in the last twenty yards, and squeezing 
through on the inside appeared to make a 
dead heat of it. But appearances were de- 
ceitful. 

On Thursday, the last day, it was expected 
that Tom Butler would succeed in putting the 
finishing touches to the clouds and back- 
ground he had the day before half painted 
for Cooper, Bald et al. But Butler's finishing 
brush had lost a few bristles. He failed to 
complete the picture; in fact, Cooper rather 
blurred the heroic portrait of Butler which 
had almost filled the frame the day previous 
and wholly effaced the clouds. 

The mile record race was the event in 
which Butler was to do his work. The fattest 
purse of the meet, $175, contributed by the 
Overman Wheel Company, was the prize at 
stake. Purses of $100, $65 and $35 made the 
places worth fighting for. The race was 
rather peculiar in itself. Twelve men started. 
Bald had failed to qualify. Cooper had the 
pole. Harry Maddox was pushed off thirty 



feet away to pace the first half. W. W. 
Hamilton was to pace the last half, and con- 
trary to custom he started from the tape 
with the racers themselves. In the rush for 
Maddox's wheel Ray McDonald was success- 
ful. Cooper was in second place, trailed by 
Hoyt. Hamilton fell into sixth place. Sanger 
was glued to his rear wheel. When Maddox 
slowed Hamilton pulled out and rushed to 
the front. Sanger had berm instructed to 
watch this very move. He did so. When 
Hamilton went up Sanger, as faithful as a 
shadow, went with him, those behind shadow- 
ing Sanger as faithfully. This formed two 
parallel columns. When pacer Hamilton 









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'"/'.•' ■ ' ' 4 :"-. i 



J. W. Parsons, the Australian Champion. 

swung in to take the pole there was a ka- 
leidoscopic change. It was over so quickly 
that one could scarce realize what was oc- 
curring. When the shuffle had ceased Mc- 
Donald had lost the favored berth and San- 
ger, who should have supplanted him, had 
also been beaten off. Cooper had tacked on 
to Hamilton and Hoyt was still clinging to 
Cooper. Sanger was next. The others were 
spread out behind. Butler was in an inside 
position, and was almost lost sight of. There 
was no change until the last quarter, when 
Sanger started like a frightened deer and 
the crowd rose to its feet in expectancy. But 



Cooper was too quick for him. He stalled 
him off in splendid fashion, and coming like a 
ball from a rifle never left the finish in doubt. 
He won with more than a length to spare, 
dragging Hoyt, who made a -practice of stick- 
ing like a leech to Butler or Bald in every 
race, into second place. When the field spread 
out at the last turn Butler was able to free 
himself, and taking the centre of the track 
rode gallantly but to small purpose. He fin- 
ished fourth. Time, 2:05 1-5. Butler was al- 
most heartbroken over the result of the race 
and spoke of it with tears in his throat. After 
the meet Sanger also attracted a crowd by re- 
citing the story of "Why I Didn't Win." 

Cooper repeated the dose in the half-mile, 
for which Butler failed to qualify, losing his 
place in the heat to Cabanne by an inch or 
two. "Quilla" Rich, now clean-shaven and 
looking almost as young as a youth of twenty 
and little like a man who has raced at every 
Springfield tournament since its inaguration 
thirteen years ago, paced the final. Randall 
tacked on to "Quilla," Bald on to Randall 
and Cooper on to Bald. Sanger, as usual, 
was away back in the line. Bald started the 
sprint. It wasn't fast enough. Cooper jumped 
him half way down the straight, and despite 
his bitter enemy's game and superb effort, 
Cooper gave him a full view of his red, white 
and purple-striped back. 

The half-mile and mile handicaps were run- 
aways for the limit men. Sanger might have 
won third money in the former, but he eased 
too soon and his fellow-scratchman, Gardi- 
ner, nipped him on the tape. 

Of the amateurs C. C. Ingraham, the Illi- 
nois man, was the top notcher. With Louis- 
ville glory still fresh upon him, his perform- 
ances in the heats on Tuesday seemed disap- 
pointing, and caused many to consider him 
overrated. In the finals, however, he showed 
his true form, and was the factor in nearly 
every event. He is taller than Cooper, but is 
of the same lithe build and pleasant face. 
His ankle action is particularly clean and 
powerful and his sprint as steady as it is 
strong. R. P. Ludwig, of Chicopee, showed 
symptoms of disputing Ingraham's suprem- 
acy, and did beat him in a close finish in the 
mile open on Wednesday in the fast time of 
2:07, causing M. L. Goss, of the Keating staff, 
to exultantly direct the pressmen's attention 
to the curve in Ludwig' s wheel. Later Mr. 
Goss's face fell. Ludwig was disqualified for 
fouling. He is a remarkably unsteady rider, 
squirming his body and affecting the pain- 
ful contortions peculiar to Arthur Porter. 



THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 3- 
HALF-MILE OPEN, 
lve Starters— 1, C. C. Ingraham. 2, A. M. Curtis. 3, Joe Harrison. 4, T J Grady. Time, 

HALF-MILE HANDICAP, PROFESSIONAL, 
en Starters— 1, W. F. Saunders, 50. 2, G. L. Bates, 65. 3, Gardiner, scratch. 



First Heat, Eight Starters 
Second Heat, Ten Starters- 
Third Heat, Nine Starters- 
Final Heat (Single Paccd)- 



Tvvelvc Starters— 



R. F. Ludwig. 
L. H Munger. 
C C. Ingraham. 
t. M. Curtis. 



2, Hoyt. 3, Sanger. 



4, F. I. Elmer. 
4, O. Hedstrom. 
4, G. Plaintife. 

5, Hedstrom. 



Ten Starters— 



1, Hutchins. 
Blake, 15. 2, 



First Heat, Nine Starters- 
Second Heat, Seven Starters - 
Third Heat, Six Starters- 
Fourth Heat, Eight Startcrf— 
Final Heat (Single Paced)— 



1, Bald. 
1 , Cooper 



1, Randal 
Cooper. 



Fifteen Stai lets 



1, Gately, 
1, Saunders, 95. 



45. 3, Ing 



2, Cabanne, 
2, Ziegler. 
2, Sanger. 
2, Allen. 
2, Bald. 



2, W 
2, Bowler, 105. 



6, Maya 



4, Sanger, scratch. i 
ONE-MILE RECORD, AMATEUR. 
2, H. F. Caldwell. 3, F. A. Gately. 

2, O. H. Munro. 3, A. M. Curtis. 

3, T. J. Kelleher. 3, W. C. Roomc. 
2, Ingraham. 3, Ludwig. 4, Roome. 

ONE-MILE RECORD, PROFESSIONAL. 
4, Butler. 5, Loughead. 6, Gardiner. 7, Cabanne. 
ONE-MILE PROFESSIONAL-2.2!) Class. 
(Single Paced.) 
3, Wienig. 4, Monte Scott. 5, Helfert 

HALF-MILE HANDICAP, AMATEUR, 
am, scratch. 4, Kelieher, 15. 5, A. M. Curtis, 20. 6, Ray Dawson, scratel 
HALF-MILE OPEN, PROFESSIONAL. 
3, Butler. 4, Stevens. 5, Loughead. 

3, Callahan. 4, A. C. Merton. 5, Rich 

3, Jenny. 4, Maddox. 5, Werrick. 6, Bowler. 

3, Gardiner 4, Schrein, 5, Wells. 6, Kennedy. 

3, Ziegler. 4, Cabanne. 5, Kimble. 0, Randall. 7, Sanger 

ONE-MILE HANDICAP, AMATEUR. 
Curtis, 55. 3, U. H. Minnie, 45. 4, Ludwig, scratch. 

ONE-MILE HANDICAP, PROFESSIONAL. 
3, Lewis, 135. 4, Ives, 125. 5, Callahan, 15. 0, Hadtield, 0"). 



Randall, 10. Time, 1.01 3-5. Gardiner's time, 1.02 3-5. 



5, Joe Harrison. 
5, Ray Dawson. 
5, R. M. Alexander. 
6, Caldwell. 



Time, 2.30. 
Time, 2.33 1-5. 
Time, 2.30 4-5. 
Time, 2.08 1-5. 



Kennedy. 9, McDonald. 10, Murphy. 



Time, 1.03 1-5. Ingraham's time, 1.1 



Time, 1.05 2-5. 
Time, 1.06 1-5. 
Time, 1.09 3-5. 
Time, 1 04 2-5. 
Time, 1.00 1-5. 



1896. 



33 





" You seem ill,"Ishe said, solicitously, when he had joined her in the 
grand-stand after finishing- unplaced in his heat. 

" I am not feeling well," the young racer replied. " The fact is I'm 
ibled with heart failure." 

" Oh, how terrible !" she murmured, sympathetically.' 

" Yes ; I started four times in my heat to win and every time my heart 
failed me." 

She sympathized 1 




1, View from the press-stand. 2, F. C. Hoyt. JS, A. M. Cu 
Springfield meet since IHHli. 5, A snap from the Judges' static 
9, A. B. Rich. 10, Getting ready. 11, Triplet Iven, Brandenburg 
sweater. 15, C. S. llenshaw. lti, Shoving them off. IT, Into the 1 



lestrclch. 18, Ray 



ul Chas. Whipple and C. T. Shean and W. Jordan, who have timed ever} 
Tcck. S, Ceo. 11. Van Norman, for si\ years the Otlicial riiolouiaphcr. 

1 Class, Professional, L8, Handicapper Goodman. L4, J. S. Johnson's French 

19, His brother and Birdie Munger. 



34 



September n, 



His wabbling caused one bad spill and un- 
seated him in the local race, but he was able 
to remount and finish in the bunch. There 
was another ugly tumble in the mile handi- 
cap on Thursday, in which all of the scratch 
men, save Ludwig, went down. A. M. Curtis, 
a mite of a man from Meriden, Conn., also 
made things warm for Ingraham, beating 
him decisively by two lengths in the mile 
record race in 2:08 1-5. L. H. Munger, a 
muscular, kinky-haired brother of the only 
"Birdie," rode so well in the heats that he 
became a scratchman; in the finals he was 
smothered. The same is true of Ray Daw- 
son, the metropolitan crack. 

Trials against time closed the sport on both 
days. On Wednesday the Stearns sextet went 
a mile in 1:52 2-5, the K. C. W. quad a half 
in 0:55 2-5. H. K. Bird, N. Y. A C, paced 
by the quad, did a flying quarter in 0:26 3-5. 
On Thursday the trials were more numerous 
and the pacing the most ridiculously wretch- 
ed ever seen on a track. There was not a 
perfect pick up during the evening. All were 
bungles. About the most meritorious was 
a half-mile in 0:53 2-5 on a Dayton triplet 
manned by a semi-scrub team composed of 
C. J. Iven, Joseph Brandenburg and Oscar 
Hedstrom, and a triplet-paced half in 0:51 2-5 
by Parsons, the Australian. W. W. Hamil- 
ton tried for the flying start record of 
1:39 2-5, his own, and did 1:55. He rode be- 
hind a three-seater all the way. A tandem 
was to have picked him up at the half, but 
bungled and did not do so. Charles Hadfleld, 
who was announced to ride a half-mile be- 
hind the Stearns sextet and finish the mile 
alone, went all the way behind the big ma- 
chine, doing the half in 0:54 and the mile in 
1:52 2-5. C. S. Henshaw tried for the two- 
mile amateur record, and covered the dis- 
tance in 4:23 2-5, fifteen seconds to the bad. 
His tire softened and his pacing ragged. 

"Springfield luck!" was the exclamation of 
nearly every one soon after the grounds were 
cleared on Thursday. All day the sun and 
clouds had battled, first one and then the 
other retreating and then advancing and 
then retreating again. Half an hour after 
the gates had closed the clouds were in com- 
plete possession and lashed the elements into 
a fury. Lightning flashed, thunder roared 
and rain came down in Niagaralike torrents. 
But the Springfield tournament of '96 was 
history, and only the counting of the big 
profits remained to be done. 

In point of earnings Cooper heads the list 
with $270, which does not include the $80 
lost because of his disqualification in the 
"mile international." Butler won $230, 
Saunders $175, Bald $140, C. J. Lewis S140, 
G. L. Bates, $110, Gardiner $105, Bowler 
$105, Hoyt $100. All the other winners re- 
ceived $65 or less, Sanger getting $60 and 
Ziegler $25. 



THE TRADE SIDE OF IT. 

Toward the end of the week Springfield saw 
more of the trade, and while little actual 
business was done, rumors of important 
deals were not lacking; however, the one big 
authenticated transaction was an order for 
10,000 .pairs of Vim tires given by Walter 
Measure of the Union Cycle Company. 
Charley Weaver was correspondingly happy. 
The fact that a conservative and as far-see- 
ing man as Measure is known to be, would 
close a deal of such proportions just now, 
shows that, in his mind at least, the trade 
is in far better condition than the croakers 
would lead us to believe. 

The Newton Rubber Works Company dele- 
gation, consisting of Manager W. J. Kelly, 



R. H. Costello and F. M. Rowan, arrived 
Wednesday morning. Mr. Kelly is a new- 
comer in the trade, and came to the races 
merely to make himself known and to get the 
views of those manufacturers with whom he 
came in contact. 

W. M. Shirley, who is so closely identified 
with the Palmer tire interests, came on 
from Chicago, and while he laughingly said 
that he was simply on to enjoy the races, be- 
fore twelve hours had passed it was an open 
secret that the Palmer Company were to have 
a racing team on the circuit. Later on this 
was substantiated, and Tom Butler, Earl 
Kiser and Charley Murphy were the lucky 
men. 

Directly back of the press box the Pope 
contingent held forth, the Colonel himself 
looking well and hearty, while on either side 
were seated Messrs. Leinhardt, Bancroft and 
Colonel George Pope. Naturally, on their 
arrival at Springfield, they were asked many 
questions regarding their new chainless bi- 
cycle, that was first made public through the 
great scoop of THE WHEEL the week pre- 
vious; in fact, this subject seemed to form 
the leading topic wherever any of the trade 
got together. 

M. T. Faukner, of the Barnes Company, 
made a hit when he distributed a number of 
white canvas caps, trimmed with lavender 
ribbon, and a button the size of a silver dol- 
lar with a portrait of Bald on his White 
Flyer. Nearly all of the officials wore the 
cap, and, of course, many others, so that 
wherever one would look a white cap was 
sure, to greet the eye. 

Messrs. Gates, Whittaker and Caldwell, of 
the Baldwin Chain Company, were in evi- 
dence, and had the satisfaction of seeing their 
chain almost universally adopted by the rac- 
ing men present. 

A. O. and Fred Very took this occasion to 
entertain the many Warwick agents, who 
had journeyed to Springfield, while a little 
sign at the Massasoit House proclaimed the 
fact that W. W. Stall was ready and eager 
to talk of the good qualities of laminated 
rims. 

W. H. Wells and Charles Candee repre- 
sented A. G. Spalding & Bros., and to a very 
favored few distributed a pretty match-safe, 
made from a piece of tubing, sand-blast fin- 
ished. It was ornamented with a Spalding 
name-plate, red background and all, so that 
the contrast made a handsome effect. It 
was a valuable souvenir and much sought 
after. 

Messrs. Hoagland and Ingram, of John H. 
Graham & Co., and Mr. Mills, of the Bridge- 
port Brass Company, also spent a few days 
viewing the races and incidentally renewing 
old acquaintances, while many others equally 
prominent in the trade were present, but al- 
most totally lost in the crowd. 



WHERE GARDINER SUFFERED. 

Manchester, N. H., Sept. 8.— Canada's cham- 
pion, Fred Loughead, won the mile open at 
the National Circuit meet at Varrick Park to- 
day. Tom Butler's wheel went wrong when 
victory was within his grasp. Butler took the 
half-mile open, however, after a game race. 
In this event Ziegler had the pole, Butler, 
Kiser, Kimble, Loughead, Hutchins, Coleman 
and Gardiner following. Caldwell paced and 
Ziegler caught the pacemaker, Kimble forcing 
his way ahead of Butler. Gardiner brought 
up the rear of the line. Into the stretch 
Ziegler led, with Kimble struggling hard. 
Butler rounded wide, but came like a whirl- 
wind, and at the tape nipped Kimble by two 
inches, the latter having taken Ziegler into 
camp by the same distance. Kiser was 
fourth. 



In the final heat of the mile open race, 
Gardiner had the rear of the line, and Kiser 
in front of him struck the rear wheel of 
Coleman and fell down. Gardiner fell on top 
and Kiser was rescued, though stunned, from 
under the two wheels. Hoyt caught the pace- 
maker, Reynolds, Ziegler, Loughead and Ful- 
ler following. At the bell Loughead started 
up on the outside and sprinted past the 
bunch, winning by three lengths. Kimble was 
beaten back and Hoyt defeated Ziegler a foot 
for second position. 

Harry Clark, who has just recovered from 
his accident at Meriden, rode a good race in 
the two-mile handicap event, beating Wells, 
the Californian. Loughead, who started 
scratch, being set back twenty yards, was 
forced to quit. Summary: 

Half-mile, open, professional— 1, Butler; 2, 
Kimble; 3, Ziegler. Time— 1:04 3-5. Single paced. 
Mile open, professional— 1, Loughead; 2, Hoyt; 
3, Zeigler. Time— 2:29 4-5. Single paced. 

One-fourth mile, open— 1, E. M. Blake, Keene; 
2, F. A. Gately, Boston; 3, L. H. Munger, Mid- 
dle town. Time— 0:341-5. 

Mile, open, amateur— 1, E. M. Blake; 2, H. E. 
Dahlberg; 3, F. L. Fish, Keene. Time— 2:20; 
single paced. 

Mile, handicap— 1, E. M. Blake (scratch); 2, 
J. P. Clark, Boston (20 yards) ; 3, C. A. Keating, 
Ayer (60). Time— 2:24 4-5. 

Two mile, handicap, professional— 1, Harry 

Clark (130 yards); 2, C. S. Wells (100); 3, J. B. 

Bowler (150); 4, Burns Pierce (120). Time— 4:421-5. 

Butler rode an exhibition half-mile, paced by a 

tamden, in 56 seconds. 



BUTLER WON FOR THE CROWD. 

Worcester, Mass., Sept. 4.— Springfield's 
meet served to furnish the events at the 
Massachusetts State Fair with a bright array 
of cracks. Over twenty of the stars of the 
path were present, and over 10,000 specta- 
tors saw them ride. Tom Butler was again 
much in evidence. He took the two miles 
handicap from scratch and the mile open 
despite the miserable condition of the track. 
The heats in the mile open were run in brill- 
iant style. Gardiner won the first, with 
Kimble second and Fuller third, In 2:57 3-5; 
Butler, Kennedy and Hoyt qualified in the 
second in the good time of 2:22, and Mac- 
Donald, Ziegler and Coleman took the third 
heat in 2:29 2-5, all excellent for the track. 
Adams paced the final and the men made 
good running. Tom Butler had the pace- 
maker and Hoyt had his rear wheel. On the 
stretch Butler had gained the lead, to the 
delight of the crowd, and Hoyt was trailing 
him closely. Kennedy came around the turn, 
and, taking the pole, shot his bolt straight up 
and, taking the pole, passed Hoyt and cap- 
tured second place. Summary: 

Half-mile handicap, professional— 1, Kennedy 
(scratch); 2, MacDonald (scratch); 3, Mertents, 
Minneapolis (25 yards). Time— 1:06 1-5. 

Two-mile handicap, professional— 1, Tom But- 
ler (scratch) ; 2, F. H. Pi"att (100 yards) ; 3, L. B. 
Arnold (100); 4, F. J. Jenny (110). Time— 4:48 3-5. 

Mile open, professional— 1, Tom Butler; 2, Ken- 
nedy; 3, Fred Hoyt; 4, Otto Ziegler. Time— 
2:14 4-5; single paced. 

Half-mile handicap— 1, Hermann Taylor (100 
yards); 2, S. C. Williams (55); 3, L. Urquhart (15). 
Time— 1:06. 

Amateur team race, five miles— Worcester 
cycle team won. Time— 14:42. 

Mile handicap— 1, J. Bowden (50 yards); 2, A. 
H. Sawyer (100); 3, C. H. Drury (scratch). Time— 
2 :16 1-5. 

Mile tandem race— 1, Krafve and Casey, Wor- 
cester; 2, Urquhart Brothers; 3, Copeland and 
Wilson. Time— 2:18. 



WON THEM ALL. 

Samburg, of Port Huron, won all the pro- 
fessional events at Bay City, Mich., Sep- 
tember 7, Hicks, Bay City, running second. 
The mile -vas won in 2:19 1-5 and the half in 
1:05 4-5. 



iSq6. 



35 






"Tn Doc signo tinces/ 



Which, translated into the cycling vernacular, means "Ride a Monarch and keep in front." Mounted on this 
" King of Bicycles," Tom Monarch Cooper's victorious dash around the circuit is like the brilliant flash of a 
meteor across a cloudless sky — he overshadows them all. The scalps of all the pretender-champions are 
dangling at his belt. His almost unbroken string of victories proclaims him "the man of the year." His 
clean-cut and decisive defeat of the speediest field of riders that ever gathered at a race meet at Louisville, 
where he won four of the six National Championships; and, lastly, his brilliant record at Springfield — all 
stamp him "Champion of America." The Monarch breeds champions. If you would be a Cooper, if you 
would keep in front, see that the above distinctive nameplate is on your mount. 



"In hoc signo vinces" 

Ride a Monarch and keep in front. 

Monarch Cycle IUfg. Company, 



Chicago, 



New York, 



San Francisco, 



Toronto. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



36 



September i . 



THEY ROOTED HARD, 

But Their Talent Was Alleged to Be 

Imported — Raced Iyike Tourists 

I/oaf Along. 

Harlem Wheelmen "rooters" have made 
themselves very conspicuous at metropolitan 
race meets this season. When they are not 
shouting themselves hoarse over the victory 
of one of their color-bearers imported from 
New-Jersey, they guy anything and anybody. 
These "rooters" were in their merriest mood 
at the Tourist Cycle Club's meet in Paterson, 
on Labor Day. There is a keen rivalry be- 
tween the two clubs over the merits of their 
respective riders, and every time a man bear- 
ing the Harlem colors defeated a Tourist 
representative, the "rooters" went into very 
windy hysterics. Finally, they began guying 
the officials, and then tantalized the Tourist 
representative by singing praises of their own 
representatives to such a degree that the lo- 
cal men became exasperated. 

"Who aie the Harlems? Who are the Har- 
lems?" shouted one zealous Harlemite, "You 
can't beat them!" 

And then a witty Tourist on the infield re- 
plied, in a voice audible throughout the 
grandstand: "Yes, but you have to come to 
Jersey to get your riders." 

After this sally, which created a general 
laugh,' there was less noise from the Upper 
New YPrkers. Every one understood the fact 
that all the Harlem club's cracks reside in 
New Jersey. 

The sport, as a whole, was of high order, 
but the attendance was disappointing. Rain 
caused the track to be soggy at the turns, 
causing several spi-lls during the novice heats. 
In these events loafing was carried on with 
such brazen persistency that the final was 
declared off; 2:40 was the limit, and 3:13 the 
time of the winner. Time limits thereafter 
put more action in the men. The brilliant 
finish of the day was the two-mile tandem 
handicap, when those twinlike riders, Harri- 
son and Lefferson, snatched victory at the 
tape from scratch. Harrison had several ex- 
citing arguments with Ripley and Roome, 
and lost a first to Ripley in the third-mile 
open. The five-mile State championship, 
postponed from a previous meet on account 
of a fluke, went to Roome. The handicap- 
ping was of the highest order. Summary: 

One-mile novice— 1, A. W. Freudenthal, Pater- 
son; 2, C. E. Fuller, N. Y. A. C; 3, James 
Thomas, East Orange. Time, 3:13 2-5. Time 
limit, 2:50. No race. 

One-mile open (final) — 1, Joe Harrison, Asbury 
Park; 2, Bert Ripley, Newark; 3, W. C. Roome, 
Jersey City. Time, 2:34 1-5. 

One-mile (handicap)— 1, H. C. de Raismes, Eliza- 
beth (120 yards); 2, W. H. Cane, jr., Hackensack, 
(150 yards): 3, H. F. Varley, Newark (150 yards). 
Time, 2:16 1-5. 

Two-mile tandem (handicap)— 1, Lefferson and 
Harrison (scratch); 2, M. A. Shannon and J. H. 
G. Giles (160 yards); 3, P. H. Johnson and Charles 
Fehon (80 yards). Time, 4:24 4-5. 

One-third mile (open)— 1, Bert Ripley; 2, Joe 
Harrison; 3, L. R. Lefferson. Time, 0:50. 

Five-mile (State championship)^., W. C. 
Roome, Jersey City; 2, M. R. Brown, Paterson; 
3, Walter Babb, Paterson. Time, 12:51 2-5. Paced 
four miles by Harlem triplet. 

Two-thirds mile (handicap)— 1, H. F. Varley, 
Newark (100 yards); 2, John Beckett, Jr., Pater- 
son (90 yards); 3, H. C. de Raismes, Elizabeth 
(80 yards). Time, 1:33 2-5. 

Two-mile (handicap)— 1, H. C. de Raismes, 
Elizabeth (180 yards); 2, C. A. Carlson, Brooklyn 
(90 yards); 3, W. C. Slavin, Suffern, N. Y., (30 
yards). Time, 5:09 2-5. 

One-mile tandem— 1, Joe Harrison and L. R. 
Lefferson, Asbury Park; 2, W. H. Cane, Jr., and- 
J. H. Wills, Hackensack; 3, P. H. Johnson and 
CO H. Fehon, East Orange. Time, 2:26 3-5. 



JOHNSON ACTUALLY WON A RACE. 

Buffalo, Sept. 7.— Michael, the celebrated 
Welsh rider, made his debut on an Ameri- 
can track at the Ramblers' meet at Athletic 
Field to-day. He was not entered in any of 
the events, but rode an exhibition mile. 
While Michael looks like a sixteen-year-old 
schoolboy, he rides a 112-gear wheel, and 
seemingly rides without effort, with his head 
well up. His pacers were Johnson, Parsons 
and Weinig. He reeled off the mile in 1 :52 4-5. 
Johnson afterward rode a half in 54 seconds. 

For the first time in many months Johnson 
distinguished himself by winning the race of 
the day, the mile open. Johnson, Parsons, 
Werick, Allen, Kennedy and Mertons qualified 
for the final. It was a see-saw game from the 
start, with a punishing finish, in which John- 
son barely managed to come out best, while 
Parsons was beaten for second by inches by 
Werick. 

In the mile handicap Johnsoa started from 
scratch, but was unable to catch the leaders, 
and gave it up after the third lap. "Clint" 
Davis, of Buffalo, from the 95-yard mark, won 
the race. Parsons did not start in this race. 
In the two-mile handicap Parsons and Calla- 
han started from scratch. They set pace for 
each other alternately and succeeded in 
catching the field, but in the final sprint for 
the tape they were beaten out. 

The finishes in the amateur contests were 
close and exciting. The attendance was about 
3,000. Summary: 

One-mile novice— 1, J. W. Schoots; 2, E. W. 
Ellis; 3, G. I. Hingston. Time— 2:36 2-5. 

One-mile professional— Final heat— 1, John S. 
Johnson, Minneapolis; 2, C. H. Werick, Buffalo; 
3, J. W. Parsons, Australia. Time— 2:08 4-5. 

One-mile open— 1, H. G. Winters; 2, C. J. 
Miller, 3, W. E. D. Temple. Time— 2:09 4-5. 

One-mile handicap— 1, Ray Duer (45 yards); 2, 
W. A. Lutz (50); 3, H. G. Winters (20). Time— 
2:lli4. 

One-mile handicap, professional— 1, C. W. 
Davis, Buffalo (95 yards); 2, F. A. McFarland, 
Buffalo (80); 3, C. H. Callahan, Buffalo (30). Time 
—2:10 4-5. 

Two-mile professional, handicap— 1, F. W. 
Young (170 yards); 2, F. A. McFarland (140); 3, 
Barney Oldfield (85). Time^t:37 2-5. 



AN AWFUL JAM 



EASY FOR MUNRO. 

Newburg, N. Y., Sept. 7.— O. H. Munro, of 
Cohoes, found things rather easy at the meet 
held at the Orange County Fair Grounds to- 
day, taking three firsts and a second. Rain 
made the track a trifle heavy, but the times 
are fair. Donoghue, the ex-champion skater, 
rode a mile paced by a quad in 2:171-5, and 
took the two-mile county championship, paced 
by a tandem, in 5:14 1-5. Five thousand peo- 
ple attended the meet. Summary: 

Half-mile, open— 1, John F. Beam, New-York; 
2, O. H. Munro, Cohoes; 3, A. G. Relyea, Brook- 
lyn. Time— 1:7 2-5. 

One-mile, handicap— 1, O. H. Munro (scratch); 
2, John T. Beam, New- York city (25 yards); 3, 
O. R. Conkling, Matteawan (80 yards). Time— 
2:26. 

One-mile, open— 1, O. H. Munro; 2, John T. 
Beam; 3, A. G. Relyea; 4, C. W. Young. Time— 
2:25 2-5. 

Two-mile, handicap— 1, O. H. Munro (scratch); 
2, Edward Thomas, Newburg (90 yards); 3, Wal- 
ter Weibs, jr., Middletown (60 yards); 4, E. B. 
Horton, Craigville (90 yards). Time— 5:39 1-5. 



STRICT INTERPRETATION. 

"Did you read that story about the German 
rider who had trained his dog to help pull his 
wheel up grades?" 

"Yes. But did you know the dog's owner 
got expelled from the Temperance Union in 
consequence?" 

"No. For what?" 

"Working the growler." 



Was the Feature of Boston's Circuit Meet- 
Butler in His Home Proves a 
Winner. 

Boston, Sept. 7. — Undoubtedly the largest 
attendance at a National circuit meet was 
that at the Press C. C.'s function at the 
Charles River track to-day. Five grand 
stands could not accommodate the crowd, so 
the infield and all surrounding space was 
filled with humanity and many were turned 
away at the gate. It is estimated that about 
16,000 people were in the grounds. 

About all the big guns of the path were 
present. The weather was superb and sel- 
dom has there been better sport. 

In the mile open Tom Butler scored a very 
decided win. In the third mile he was de- 
feated by Warren Reynolds, last year's crack 
amateur; Kiser, who made his first appear- 
ance in this country for the present year to- 
day, and Schrein, of Toledo. Bald was un- 
placed in both races, as was Sanger. Cooper 
was present, but unable to ride, owing to the 
frightful injuries received about the head, 
face and arms at the meet in Providence last 
Saturday. With his head swathed in band- 
ages he was compelled to come before the 
thousands of people and bow acknowledge- 
ments to enthusiastic cheers. 

In the mile open, Kiser, who was given sec- 
ond, was disqualified on a protest by Sanger, 
and Coleman was given second and Sanger 
third. Bald defeated Sanger, being third in 
the original finish, but unplaced after the 
judges had straightened out their muddle. 
Kiser was back of Bald and Sanger. Butler 
held the two pacemakers in the mile, Cole- 
man, Kiser, Bald, Murphy, Gardiner, Loug- 
head, Sanger, Kimble and Ziegler following 
in order. Kimble started the sprint when he 
went to the front with Ziegler trailing him, 
Gardiner coming out at the same time. But- 
ler had made his jump in front and was trav- 
elling fast, Coleman and Bald, who had come 
round to the front, fighting hard for the sec- 
ond place, Sanger, Kiser and Murphy back of 
them. Butler won by a length. Coleman and 
Bald were but few inches apart and the other 
three equally close. 

In the third mile Schrein caught the pace- 
maker, with Reynolds on his rear wheel. 
Butler was third in the line; Kimble, Bald, 
Kiser, Coleman, Ziegler and Sanger followed. 
In the jump Reynolds went away and won, 
and Kiser passed Schrein and took second. 
Coleman beat Bald for fifth place, and Sanger 
and Ziegler ran last, Kimble trailing in. San- 
ger rode scratch in the mile handicap, and 
Kiser had fifteen yards. Porter, paced by a 
quintuplet, did 1:481-5. Summary: 

One-third mile, professional— 1, Warren Rey- 
nolds, Hyde Park; 2, Earl Kiser, Dayton; 3, 
Fred Schrein, Toledo. Time— 0:41 2-5. 

One-mile, open, professional— 1, Tom Butler; 2, 
Watson Coleman, Boston; 3, W. C. Sanger; 4, 
E. C. Bald. Time— 2:05 2-5. 

Mile, handicap, professional— 1, Schrein (50 
yards); 2, Harvey Hutchins (40 yards); 3, 
Crooks (60 yards); 4, Sanger (scratch). Time— 
2:12 3-5. 

Mile, tandem, handicap, professional— 1, Walch 
and L. F. Callahan (50 yards); 2, Berle and 
Coleman (60 yards); 3, Crooks and Hutchins (70 
yards). Time— 1 :55 1-5. 

Mile, open, amateur— 1, E. M. Blake, Keene; 
2, F. A. Gately, Boston; 3, J. P. Clark, Dorches- 
ter. Time— 2:09 3-5. 

Mile, handicap— 1, G. H. Howland (110 yards); 
2, L. J. Greeley (100 yards); 3, N. W. Fry (150 
yards). Time— 2:05 4-5. 

One-mile, tandem, handicap— 1, Wisner and 
Marsten (70 yards), Boston; 2, McKenzie and 
Luften (50 yards), Boston. Time, 2:00 2-5. 

Half-mile, Massachusetts division, champion- 
ship— 1, J. P. Clark; 2, L. E. Litchfield. Time- 
ly 3-5. 



[8 9 6. 



Supplement to The Wheel and Cycling Trade Review. 



SUCCESSFUL EVERY WAY. 

Elmira, Sept. 7.— It was a model day for 
racing', and the meet of the Kanaweola Cycle 
Club was a big- success. The track record for 
a mile of 2:06 3-5 was broken by Trappe, of 
Syracuse, who made it in 2:04 2-5, and then 
Zimbrick, of Rochester, lowered it to 2:02. 
Summaries: 

One-mile novice— 1, Budett Brady, Woodhull; 2, 
E. G. Sarvey, Elmira. Time— 2:28%. 

One-mile open— 1, Frank S. Trappe, Syracuse; 
2, Frederick N. Fulton, Elmira; 3, J. B. Corser, 
Allentown. Time— 2:16%. 

Half-mile opem-^L, J. B. Corser; 2, H.' N. 
Forbes, Elmira; 3, A. Deffenderfer. Time- 
ly 3-5. 

Half-mile handicap— 1, F. H. Fulton; 2, A. M. 
Zimbrick; 3, G. W. Thorne, Bing-hamton. No 
time. 

One-mile handicap— 1, G. W. Thorne, Bingham- 
ton; 2, F. P. Trappe, Syracuse; 3, H. K. Forbes. 
Time— 2:14 2-5. 

Two-mile handicap— 1, B. C. Hollister, Cort- 
land; 2, L. H. Tucker, Cortland; 3, A. E. Def- 
fenderfer. Time— 4:52. 



ALL HAD A CHANCE. 



Red Bank, N. J., Sept. 7.— Honors were dis- 
tributed evenly at the Red Bank Wheelmen's 
meet at Stoutwood Park. The attendance was 
large. Summary: 

One-mile, novice— 1, Thomas Van Liew, Point 
Pleasant; 2, Arthur Irons, Lakewood; 3, John 
Farrari, Newark. Time— 2:49%. 

One-mile, handicap— 1, F. B. Egelhoff, Brook- 
lyn (60 yards); 2, C. M. Robbins, Red Bank W. 
(20 yards); 3, J. A. Forney, Asbury Park (30 
yards). Time— 2:23%. 

Half-mile, scratch— 1, C. F. Swartz, Knicker- 
bocker W., New-York city; 2, F. B. Egelhoff, 
Brooklyn; 3, W. J. Mooney, Rahway. Time— 
1:11%. 

Two-mile, handicap— 1, C. V. Babcock, Green- 
wich W., New-York city (120 yards); 2, J. J. 
Hughes, Brooklyn (120 yards); 3, William Price, 
Lakewood (160 yards). Time— 4:41. 

Two-mile tandem, handicap— 1, M. F. Havi- 
land and Albert Chambers, Red Bank W. (80 
yards); 2, S. C. Crane and L. Cummings (60 
yards); 3, Frederick Shafts and Reginald Ben- 
nett (scratch). Time— 4:34%. 



ANOTHER JOHN S. 

Fitchburg, Mass., Sept. 7. — Three thousand 
people attended the Rollstone C. C.'s meet to- 
day. The principal events resulted as fol- 
lows: 

One-mile tandem— 1, F. A. Bliss and G. L. 
Nash, Fitchburg; 2, F. C. Copeland and James 
Wilson. Time— 2:29 2-5. 

One mile, open— 1, C. H. Drury, Winchendon; 
2, John S. Johnson; 3, T. B. Matthews. Time— 
2:32 4-5. 

Half-mile open— 1, J. S. Johnson, Worcester; 2, 
C. H. Drury; 3, F. A. Fish. Time— 1:03 3-5. 

One mile handicap— 1, J. Rutherford, Winchen- 
don (70 yards); 2, H. B. Hind (95); 3, T. B. Mat- 
thews (40). Time— 2:19. 

Two mile, handicap— 1, C. H. Drury (45 yards); 
2, F. A. Fish (scratch); 3, J. Rutherford (130). 
Time— 4:52 2-5. 

One mile exhibition, paced to lower track rec- 
ord of 2:09 2-5— John S. Johnson, Worcester, 
2:07 2-5. 



ALEXANDER CONQUERS NEW WORLDS. 

Bridgeport, Conn., Sept. 7. — R. M. Alexander, 
who won the last Irvington-Millburn race, 
took the honors at the Rambling Wheel Club's 
meet at the Pleasure Beach track to-day. His 
string included the mile handicap, two-thirds 
open and the two miles handicap. In the mile 
open he was beaten by Tensler. Summary: 

One-mile, novice— 1, Lafayette Peer, Bridge- 
port; 2, M. J. Homer, Hartford. Time— 2:25 1-5. 

One-mile, open— 1, W. E. Tensler, Broad 
Brook; 2, R. M. Alexander, Hartford; 3, F. W. 
Richt. Time— 2:20 2-5. 

One-mile, handicap— 1, R. M. Alexander (30 
yards); 2, W. E. Tensler; 3, William Patnode, 
Bridgeport. Time— 2:11 3-5. 



Two-thirds mile— 1, Alexander; 2, A. M. Cur- 
tis, Meriden; 3, W. E. Tensler. Time— 1:29. 

Two-mile, handicap— 1, Alexander; 2, A. M. 
Curtis; 3, W. A. Rutz, New-Haven. Time— 
4:401-5. 



FOUR THOUSAND LOOKED ON. 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y., Sept. 7.— A. P. Lee, 
New- York, won the two-mile open and the 
five-mile handicap at the Poughkeepsie Bi- 
cycle Club's meet at the Driving Park. Four 
thousand spectators were present. Sum- 
maries: 

One-mile novice— 1, R. Graham, Poughkeepsie; 
2, W. C. Fries, Poughkeepsie. Time— 3:03 2-5. 

One-mile open— 1, W. H. Manney, Pough- 
keepsie; 2, R. J. McMahon; 3, W. B. Ackerman, 
Matteawan, N. Y. Time— 2:42. 

Two-mile open— 1, Arthur S. Lee, New- York; 
2, Charles T. Earl, Brooklyn; 3, W. A. Ladue, 
Cold Spring. Time— 5:23. 

One mile, '2:50 class— 1, Robert Graham; 2, 
William C. Fries, Poughkeepsie; 3, Charles E. 
Conkling, Matteawan. Time— 2:44. 

Five-mile handicap— 1, A. S. Lee, New-York; 
2, W. A. Ladue, Cold Spring; 3, C. T. Earl, 
Brooklyn. Time— 13:30 1-5. 



SCHADE STARRED. 

Washington, D. C, Sept. 7.— Fred Schade, 
the Southern champion, won every race in 
which he started at the meet of the Interna- 
tional Athletic Park Association to-day. Over 
4,000 people were present. 

The intercity race between Baltimore and 
Washington teams was won by the latter amid 
great enthusiasm. 

Summary: 

One-mile open — Final heat— 1, Fred Schade, 
Virginia; 2, William F. Sims, Washington; 3, 
Claude Leatherbury, Baltimore. Time— 2:25%. 

Special one-mile match race— 1, Fred Schade; 
2, William F. Sims. Time— 2:121-5. 

Five-mile handicap— 1, William J. Clum (400 
yards); 2, A. L. Duvall (425 yards; 3, E. F. Bur- 
ton (500 yards). Time— 12:22 3-5. 

One-mile intercity race (Baltimore against 
Washington)— Won by Washington team. Time 
—3:01. 



KRICK AND STEWART SHARED HONORS. 

York, Penn., Sept. 7.— At the York County 
Fair Grounds 3,000 people assembled to wit- 
ness the York Wheeling Club's races. Krick 
and Stewart divided the honors. Summary: 

One-mile open— 1, C. W. Krick; 2, Craig G. 
Stewart; 3, J. C. Henderson. Time, 2:43%. 

One-mile handicap— 1, Craig S. Stewart; 2, 
William A. Lantz; 3, C. W. Krick. Time, 2:15. 

One-half mile, flying start— 1, William A. 
Lantz; 2, Craig Stewart; 3, J. C. Henderson. 
Time, 1:10. 

Two-mile handicap— 1, C. W. Krick; 2, Craig 
S. Stewart; 3, J. C. Henderson; 4, E. N. Sim- 
mons. Time, 4:50. 

One-fourth mile— 1, Craig S. Stewart; 2, C. W. 
Krick; 3, William A. Lantz. Time, 0:32. 

Five-mile handicap— 1, C. W. Krick; 2, Craig 
S. Stewart; 3, E. N. Simmons; 4, George P. 
Reidenback. Time, 12:32. 



DOWN VINELAND WAY. 

Vineland, Sept. 7. — A broken collar-bone was 
sustained by J. C. Howell, of Vineland, in the 
novice race during the Cycle Path Associa- 
tion's meet. About 3,000 spectators were 
present. Summaries: 

One-mile novice— 1, J. P. Eastlake; 2, Frank 
Buck. Time, 2:37%. 

One-mile open, final— 1, Harry Garton; 2, A. 
Bateman; 3, Harry Walls. Time, 2:22. 

One-mile handicap, final— 1, A. Bateman (110 
yards); 2, Harry Walls (90 yards); 3, E. C. Good- 
ley (50 yards). Time, 2:17%. 

Five-mile tandem, handicap— 1, Hill and Gard- 
ner (30 yards); 2, Burroughs and Williams (90 
yards); 3, Walls and Garton (120 yards). Time, 
14:32%. 

Five-mile handicap— 1, H. W. Hackett (150 
yards); 2, Harry Burroughs (160 yards); 3, E. C. 
Goodley (110 yards). Time, 12:54. 




PARSONS CUT RECORD. 

Buffalo, Sept. 8.— ElectR^^m racing- last 
night again attracted a large crowd. Parsons, 
the Australian, cut the track record for a 
quarter to 26 seconds. In the mile open he was 
defeated by John S. and E. C. Johnson. Sum- 
mary: 

Half-mile handicap— 1, W. D. Clelland; 2, W. E. 
De Temple; 3, F. W. Julier. Time— 1:32 1-5. 

Mile open, professional— 1, Jchn S. Johnson, 
Minneapolis; 2, E. C. Johnson, Cleveland; 3, J. 
W. Parsons, Australia. Time— 2:09. 

Mile open— 1, C. J. Miller; 2, Ray Duer; 3, 
Harry Short. Time— 2:25 2-5. 

Mile handicap, professional— 1, A. C. Mertens, 
Minneapolis (30 yards); 2, F. A. McFarland, San 
Jose, Cal. (80); 3, L. A. Callahan (scratch), Buf- 
falo. Time— 2:15 4-5. 



SPLIT EVEN. 



Ithaca, N. Y., Sept. 7.— Central New York 
riders were out in full force at the Ithaca C. 
C.'s meet to-day. Diffenderfer and Zimbrick 
were the speediest men present. They split 
even in an open event. Summary: 

One-mile novice — 1, C. H. Knowland, Syracuse; 
2, C. H. Jewell, Ithaca; 3, M. E. Lafferty, Ithaca. 
Time— 2:35. 

One mile, open — Final— 1, A. F. Diffenderfer, 
Binghamton; 2, A. M. Zimbrick, Rochester; 3, 
B. Bulkley, Cortland. Time— 2 :28 4-5.- 

Half-mile open— Final heatr— 1, H. F. Diffen- 
derfer; 2, A. M. Zimbrick; 3, J. S. Butler, Schen- 
ectady. Time— 0u3 3-5. 

One-mile handicap— 1, R. C ^§^frt,"^^u^ (70 
yards); 2, C. H. Jewell, IthJlKi ftfj;^ 
ectady. Time— 1:13 3-5. 





Ray Dawson failed to strike his customary 
winning gait at the Boonton, N. J.,- A. C.'s 
meet. As a rule he takes everything in sigii(t£'r.. 
when racing at his home, but the two miles - 
handicap was his only victory on Labor Day. 
Summary: 

One-mile novice— J. L. Mills. Time, 3:00. 

One-mCe, 2:40 class— 1, James Gregory; 2 Sut- 
phen; 3, Collins. Time, 2:30. 

Two-mile handicap— 1, Ray Dawson; 2, Tom 
Lison; 3, F. Harrison. Time, 4:53%. 

One-mile, 3:00 class— 1, Green; 2, Madison; 3, 
Jasper. Time, 2:39. 

Three-mile handicap— 1, Sutphen (230 yards); 2, 
Harrison; 3, Dawson. Time, 7:20. 



POOR ROADS, GOOD TIME. 

Cincinnati, O., Sept. 7.— The Lexington-Cov- 
ington road race, ninety-eight miles, was 
run to-day. The roads were bad, but the rec- 
ord was lowered fifty minutes. The record 
was 6:57:10, held by Cliff Naudad, of Coving- 
ton. Naudad entered to-day's race with the 
determination to lower it to 6:15:00, and he 
did it. 

The limit men left Lexington at 9 a. m. 
Naudad finished at 3:31:56. Jones second, sev- 
en minutes later, and Updike third. Twenty 
thousand people witnessed the finish in Cov- 
ington. Eight men started. 



DEFEATED FORTY. 

At Three Rivers, Mich., September 7, J. 
Wilder, Battle Creek, won the half-mile open 
in 1:05, and the mile in 2:11%, and he fin- 
ished second, too, in handicap from scratch 
in a field of forty. J. A. Moross, Detroit, 
30 yards, won in 2:15. A 350-yard man, C. 
L. Ellis, won the five miles handicap in 
12:20. 



BAKER IN RECORD LINE. 
Columbus, Ohio, Sept. 7.— State records 
went by the board at the Orient Wheel Club's 
meet to-day. The mile record was reduced 
by Con Baker from 1 :. r >S to 1:57 1-5. ami John 
Hedges cut the half to 0:57 3-5. Baker won 
the mile match with A. N. French in 2:0!) l-."> 
and took the mile open in 2:17 4-5. 



Supplement to The Wheel and Cycling Trade Review. 



September u, 



RACING BOARD'S BULLETIN. 



Blacklisted. 

Lamonte Driving Association, Lamonte, Mo., 
has been placed upon the list of those to whom 
the sanction privilege is denied. 

Suspended Pending Investigation. 

Chas. Miller, Marion, Ohio. 

Hanson Willison, Cumberland, Md. 

E. L. De Camp, Elkhart, Ind., or Pen Yan, 
N. Y. 

Wm. J. Daubenspeck, Allentown, Pa. 

Oscar Flavell, Bridgeton, N. J. 

Chester Paullin, Bridgeton, N. J. 

A. Hume, Syracuse, N. Y. 

D. A. Jackson, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Suspensions Removed. 
C. A. Keating, Ayer, Mass. 

E. J. McCall, Donaldsonville, La. 
C. L. Timmerman, Cairo, N. Y. 
C. A. Keating, Springfield, Mass. 
James F. Sullivan, Seneca Falls, N. Y. 
Will H. Reynolds, Sedalia, Mo. 

• John Durham, Sedalia, Mo. 

Suspension placed upon Fred W. Palmer, 
Rome, N. Y., has been reduced to expire Sep- 
tember 19. 

October 5 has been assigned to Washington, 
D. C, as a national circuit date instead of Oc- 
tober 17. 

Records Accepted. 

Tandem amateur made at Paterson, N. J., 
July 4, 1896, by C. S. Henshaw and Oscar Hed- 
strom, unpaced, standing start, competition, 1 
mile, 2:05; 2 miles, 4:18. 

Tandem amateur made at Riverside, N. J., 
August 1, 1896, by Fred E. Devlin and Hans 
Hanson, unpaced, flying start, against time, 
one-quarter mile, 0:26 1-5. 

Professionalized. 

William Whitmore, Shannon, 111., Clause A. 

R. W. Taylor, Morrison, 111., Clause A. 

O. W. Hicks, Mt. Carroll, 111., Clause A. 

Fred Lund, Sabula, la., or Morrison, 111., 
Clause A. 

George B. Moore, Philadelphia, Pa., own re- 
quest. 

Charles Palm, Minneapolis, Minn., Clause F; 
vote of Board. 

Dor Fredericks, Mt. Carroll, 111., Clause A. 
Joe Thometz, Shannon, 111., Clause A. 

Tout Miller, Mt. Carroll, 111., Clause A. 
.Ray Pelton, Grand Rapids, Mich., Clause I. 

Carl A. Beers, Columbus, O., Clause C. 

Frank Kammer, Rochester, N. Y., Clause I. 

R. S. Enslow, Lawrence, Kan., own request. 

Harry B. Marsh, Kalamazoo, Mich., own re- 
quest. 

Samuel Brock, Brooklyn, N. Y., own request. 

F. F. Eberhardt, Salina, Kan. 
W. L. Eberhardt, Salina, Kan. 
Sam Bren, Kansas City, Kan. 
Tom Davis, Shenandoah, la. 
George T . Kreamer, Shenandoah, la. 
L. P. Wikidal, Topeka, Kan. 

R. S. Aird, Topeka, Kan. 

R. C. Ferine, Topeka, Kan. 

James Dargitz, Topeka, Kan. 

P. M. Edwards, W. J. Tignor, J. M. Young 
R. S. Merrymen, R. E. Coleman, J. O. Hank 
ins, T. D. Yeattes, F. A. Fry, E. H. Eggleston 
H. B. Warren, O. C. Hope, R. E. Pond, H. S 
Coleman, A. S. Jones, R. C. Baker, W. C 
Pond, T. G. Anthony, I. H. Bugg, D. Richard 
son, J. T. Temple, B. J. Hersman, H. F. Allen 
A. W. Hauck, A. B. Cousins, T. B. Leonard 
R. J. Hiter, J. W. Burnett, J. H. Schultz, John 
Armistead, H. H. Duncker, C. E. Loehr, all of 
Richmond, Va., Clause A. 

Arthur Coyle, Cedar Rapids, la., own re- 
quest. 

Morry Krauss, Buffalo, N. Y., Clause I. 

Carl Abendroth, Portland, Ore., Clause D; 
vote of Board. 

J. E. Wolff, Portland, Ore., Clause D; vote of 
Board; 

August Castendeick, Portland, Ore., Clause 
D; vote of Board. 

Frank W. Case, Tracey, Minn., Clause B. 

E. J. McCall, Donaldsville, Da., Clause D. 

Bert Gibson, Rockdale, N. Y., Clause D; vote 
of Board. 

H. J. Parker, Rockwell's Mills, N. Y., Clause 
D; vote of Board. 

John Goldsworthy, Frostburg, Md. ( Clause D; 
vote of Board. 



Suspended. 

Sixty days from August 31, unsanctioned races 
—Fred Lund, Sabula, Iowa, or Morrison, 111.; O. 
W. Hicks, Mount Carroll, 111. ; E. A. Emmert, C. 
G. Bussey, Lanark, 111. ; R. W. Taylor, Morrison, 
111.; William Whitmore, Shannon, 111. 

Ninety days from August 31, for false entry— 
J. W. Hodges, Monroe, Wis. 

Thirty days from August 31, for false entry- 
John F. Steele, Lisbon, Ohio. 

Ninety days from August 31, unsanctioned 
races and false entry— Frank Paterson, Arglye, 
Wis. 

Thirty days from August 31, unsanctioned 
races— Fred Davidson, Stanwood, Iowa.; Doc 
Barkhurst, Springdale, Iowa; Will Audrich and 
Will Knott, Tipton, Iowa. 

Sixty days from August 31 (or until entry fees 
are paid), for misconduct and refusal to pay en- 
try fees— Roy Hensell, Lansing, Mich. 

Sixty days from September 1, unsanctioned 
races— John Kauffman, John Phillips, John Wat- 
kins, George E. Copper, Baltimore, Md., and 
Milton Glen, Rock Hall, Md. 

Thirty days from August 3, for competing in 
unsanctioned races— A. A. Orr, Robert J. West, 

Brownsville, Penn. ; Matthews, Monongahela,, 

Penn. 

Arthur Ruth, Reading, Penn., from all track 
racing until prize is returned which was errone- 
ously given July 4. 

For entering races and refusing to pay entry 
fees— Fred O'lsen and Calvin Stedman, Berlin, 
Wis., until said fees are paid. 

Sixty days from this date, unsanctioned races 
with women competitors— Morry Krauss, Buffalo, 
N. Y. 




The railroad bridge in front of the track 

appeared during the Springfield Tournament. 



Sanctions Granted. 

September 19— W. W. Burch, Rochester, N. Y. 

September 23— Alton Driving Park Association, 
Alton, N. Y. 

October 2— Silver Lake Agricultural and Me- 
chanical Association, Perry, N. Y. 

September 18, 19— Sibley Agricultural Society, 
Sibley, Kan. 

November 26— Pine Bluff Cycle Racing Associa- 
tion, Pine Bluff, Ark. 

September 3, 10, 17, 24— Leavenworth County 
Wheelmen, Leavenworth, Kan. 

September 5, 14, 21— Bay City Wheelmen Bay 
City, Mich. 

September 16, 17— Hudson Free State Fair, Hud- 
son, Mich. 

September 14— Sheboygan Cycle Club, Sheboy- 
gan, Wis. 

September 17— L. A. W. Cycle Club, Navada, la. 

September 24— Wayne Cycle Club, Wayne, Neb. 

September 18— Jefferson County and Rock Val- 
ley A. S., Jefferson, Wis. 

September 26— J. R. Jones, Jr., Racine, Wis. 

September 17— Morris Wheeling Club, Mor- 
ris, 111. 

September 23— Branch County Fair, Coldwater, 
Mich. 

October 1, 2— Eaton County Agricultural So- 
ciety, Charlotte, Mich. 

September 23, 25— O. S. Westervelt, Fairbury, HI. 

September 16, 17, 18— Mechanicsville Fair Asso- 
ciation, Mechanicsville, Iowa. 



September 21, 22 — Oconto Wheelmen, Oconto, 
Wis. 

October 8— Firemen's Band and Bicycle Tour- 
nament, Laporte, Ind. 

September 24— Jacob Zimbro, Henderson, Ky. 

September 23, 24, 25— Union County Fair, Mary- 
ville, Ohio. 

September 16— Warren County Fair, Lebanon, 
Ohio. 

September 23— The Montrose Wheelmen, Mont- 
rose, Col. 

September 12— S. B. Leonard, Denver, Col. 

September 24— McKeesport Cyclers, McKees- 
port, Penn. 

September 26 — Elizabeth Athletic Association, 
Elizabeth, Penn. 

September 15— C. V. A. Society, Westfield, Penn. 

September 24— Straub & Grube, Lancaster, 
Penn. 

September 10— Virginia Live Stock and Fair 
Asssociation, Staunton, Va. 

September 23— Wyoming Agricultural Society, 
Pittston, Penn. 

September 12— Charles S. Newman, Kenosha, 
Wis. 

October 8— Kutztown Fair Company, Kutztown, 
Penn. 



ROCHESTER SCORED. 

Rochester riders scored heavily at the Hol- 
ley, N. Y. A. A.'s meet September 7. They 
won every race, barring the mile open, which 
went to J. T. Finn, Buffalo, in 2:15 1-5. A. 
E. Odell took the novice and the one and two 
miles handicaps; A. W. Hughes the half-mile 
open, and C. A. Glenn the five-mile handicap 
from 475 yards in 12:25. 



RAIN ON, RACES OFF. 

Rain began falling after two events had 
been run at the Norristown, Penn., Wheel- 
men's meet on Saturday last, and all the re- 
maining' events were declared off. S. A. Will 
won the novice in 2:45, and W. M. Trott the 
half-mile open in 1:27. 



NINETY IN TEN. 

Ninety riders started in the ten-mile road 
race of the Roslindale C. C, Roxtaury, Mass., 
Sept. 7. J. L. Turner took the time prize, fin- 
ishing from 45 seconds in first position. His 
time was 26:57. O. W. Smith, 15 seconds, won 
second time prize in 27:03. 



SUCH A LAW SHOULD EXIST. 

Efforts are being made to have the West- 
ern Boulevard above Fifty-ninth street ren- 
dered safe for the use of cyclists by restrict- 
ing heavy traffic. Alderman Robinson intro- 
duced a resolution at the meeting of the New 
York Board of Aldermen on Tuesday, provid- 
ing that after October 1 the Boulevard shall 
be restricted except for the space of one block, 
to the use of bicycles and light wagons. Driv- 
ers of vans, trucks and business vehicles shall 
be excluded under penalty of $5 for each of- 
fence. 



OKLAHOMA, PLEASE NOTE. 

This is only one of the many pictures of 
what the future undoubtedly has in store. 
Every Justice of the Peace will feel that he 
must attend a riding school or throw up the 
matrimonial end of his job, and in the mad 
rush for business Oklahoma and South Da- 
kota will naturally put their divorce courts on 
wheels. It will then be possible to break all 
marriage, divorce and cycle records in the 
course of a single century run. 



GET YOUR MONEY BACK. 

A wheelman arrested for sidewalk riding at 
Summit, N. J., has caused the wise men of that 
New Jersey village no end of trouble. When 
the case was tried it was proved that the law 
was invalid in Summit, because it was not 
signed by certain town officers, and thus every 
fine previously collected from wheelmen for 
sidewalk riding must be returned on demand. 



1896. 



4* 



RELAYED PROM SAN FRANCISCO. 

At 3:29 p. m. on Monday the San Francisco- 
New York relay race came to an end at the 
Journal office this city. Thousands of people 
assembled at City Hall Park to see the finish, 
necessitating an extra force of police to keep 
traffic open. F. J. Titus rode the last relay 
from Kingsbridge and was greeted with 
cheering when he reached Park Row. The 
run was made in 13 days 29 minutes 4 1-5 
seconds. The number of miles covered by the 
couriers was 3,385. 

On Tuesday the messages were delivered 
to General Miles at Governor's Island by 
means of two water cycles. The ride was 
completed a day behind the schedule time, 
owing to the delays* encountered by the 
riders in the Far West, through storms, bad 
roads and accidents. 

The longest relay and probably the most 
spectacular performance of the race was 
the fifty-three miles over the Sierras, which 
was ridden almost entirely through the snow- 
sheds of the Southern Pacific Railroad. T. R. 
Liillie, the transcontinental rider, covered the 
distance entirely in the night. 

The weather was unfavorable during the 
greater part of the race. A cloudburst in the 
Rockies rendered it impossible for the riders 
to make fast time. There were also heavy 
rains in Nebraska and through New York, 
leaving the roads heavy and sticky. With a 
few exceptions the relays have been covered 
by local riders. 



GIDEON HAS ENOUGH. 

Chairman Gideon has announced, through 
the Philadelphia Ledger, his decision to re- 
tire from office after his present administra- 
tion. "The requirements of the office," he 
states, "are constantly becoming more exact- 
ing, and even when one has become familiar 
with the duties involved the questions which 
constantly arise require the almost undivided 
attention of the chairman. The office would 
be an easier one to fill were it possible to 
divide the work with an assistant, but this is 
impossible. I think I have given as much 
time to the office as can be reasonably asked, 
and at the end of my term of office I shall 
be glad to lay aside the work although I shall 
still be very much interested as a common, 
every-day member of the League. 

"The great growth of the sport, particularly 
of professionalism, has made it almost im- 
possible for any one engaged in a regular 
business to properly fill the duties of the 
office, and I think that hereafter it should be 
filled by a man to whom a good stated salary 
should be paid, and who could therefore give 
up his entire time to the work." 



Lesna, the French crack, who was barred 
out of the international races at Copenhagen, 
has challenged Chase, the winner of the 100- 
kilometre race, to a match race for a similar 
distance. 



WHERE BETTING IS ENCOURAGED. 

At all race meetings in Denmark a Paris 
mutual betting machine has a prominent 
place. Any one can bet on the racer he favors. 
Even the racing man himself is not debarred 
from this blessed privilege; only, if he is de- 
tected in betting upon any one except him- 
self to win an event in which he rides, he is at 
once suspended from all racing. Of the total 
amount bet the management take 10 per cent 
and the Government 5 per cent, the remainder 
going to the bettors holding winning tickets. 



PAYS HIS COMPLIMENTS TO JOHNSON. 

Porcheron, who holds the responsible posi- 
tion of secretary to the French Riders' Syn- 
dicate, is not pleased with some of Johnson's 
alleged criticisms of French racing. Not be- 
ing pleased, M. Porcheron temporarily aban- 
dons his handle-bar for his pen, with this re- 
sult: 

"The 5,000 francs ($1,000) supposed (?) to 
have been placed with M. Baduel for matches 
with Morin and Jacquelin were never put 
down. Whenever he likes he can race them 
without money, if necessai'y. Johnson pre- 
ferred racing against the watch; because — 
well, he could only fail, without a beating. 
"Why did he not ride in the Grand Prix de 
Paris, Copenhagen championships, etc., as he 
was in such fine shape? Funk! 

"As for his pacemakers— well, he bound 
them down (by contract) at a ridiculous 
price, made by Tom Eck. Johnson, own that 
your statements are 'blague,' admit that the 
French riders have vastly improved, while 
you have remained stationary, and alter your 
bad humor (I do not state falsehoods) against 
a country which is well-known for its hos- 
pitality. Ask Zim. Wheeler, Kiser, Murphy, 
Jaap Eden, and Banker whether we look on 
foreigners as enemies." 



QUITE A TRICKSTER. 

Jacquelin is not only a crack racer, but a 
trick rider of no mean merit besides. At Co- 
penhagen, during the international champion- 
ships, he astonished the Danes by taking hold 
of the front wheel while riding, stopping the 
machine, and somersaulting from the saddle 
over the handle-bar. 



UP, up. v^ 



s£pz£ws£p 



Went the 





Ridden by... 

A. MICHAEL, 



And it landed 



Tlie Fastest 



Of Eagle Rock Hill in jfijtjfi 

Time Ever Recorded 



IN THE HISTORY OF THE FAMOUS ELEVATION. 



This happened in the Manhattan Bicycle Club's hill-climbing contest, on Labor Day, and is simply additional proof that the 
Lyndhurst is a tip-topper in whatever field it may be used— the sort of wheel that attracts the thinking agent. 

McKE^JH; & HARRINGTON, 1/7^ Grand $-*t., IVew York. 

Kindly mention The Wheel. 



September n, 



NATIONAL CIRCUIT DATA. 



PLACE. 


DATE. 


NAME OF TRACK. 


SIZE. 


SURFACE. 


FASTEST 

MILE 
RIDDEN 
ON IT. 


ADDRESS COMMUNICATIONS TO 


Philadelphia, Pa 

Wilkesbarre, Pa 


Sept. 12 
" 16 
" 19 
" 26 
" 28 

Oct. 3 
5 


Tioga 
West Side 
Manhattan Beach 
Crescent 
Fair Grounds 
Waverly Park 


y s Mile. 

H " 
l A " 
% " 


Clay and cinders . . 
Clay 


1-57 
1.56 


C. A. Dimon, 1020 Walnut St. 
E. W. Davis, 163 E. Market St. 


New York, N. Y 




M. B. Macfarlane, 150 Nassau St. 
C. E. Teel 


Plainfield, N. J 


Pulverized stone. . 
Dirt 


2.09 3-4 


Trenton, " 


J. G. Muirheid, Box 105, Trenton. 








Washington, D. C. . . . . . 




W. J. McKean. 













FIXTURES. 



SEPTEMBER. 

io-n-12— Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Division Meet. 

ia— Saginaw, Mich., Wheelmen. 

12— Hartford, Conn., Capitol Wheel Club. 

12— Lowell, Mass., Spindle City W. 

12— Waverly, N. J., State Fair. 

15— Dover, Me. , Central C. C. 

15-16-17— Cape May, N. J., County Fair. 

i 7 — Dodge City, Kan., Wheel Club. 

17— Leavenworth, Kan., County Wheelmen. 

i 7 -Nevada,Ia., L. A. W. C. C. 

17— Morris, 111., Wheeling Club. 

17-18 19— Sioux City, la., Inter-Ocean Wheel Club. 

18-19— Hamline, Minn., Driving Club. 

18— Kankakee, 111., Fair Association. 

19— Wausau, Wis., Wheelmen's Club. 

19— Haverhill, Mass., Cycle Association. 

19— Apollo, Pa., B. C. 

21— Bay City, Mich., Wheelmen. 

21-22— Oconto, Wis., Wheelmen. 

23— Alton, N. Y., Driving Park Association. 

33— Montrose, Col., Wheelmen. ■ 

23-24 — Allentown, Pa , Mercury Wheelmen. 

23-24-25— Allentown, Pa., Allen Wheelmen. 

23-26— Jerico, L. I., Queens Co. Fair. 

24— Leavenworth, Kan., County Wheelmen. 

24— Wayne, Neb., C. C. 

24— McKeesport, Pa., Cyclers. 

24-25— Cuba, N. Y., Fair and Racing Association. 

24-25-26— Chicago, National Cycle Exposition Co. 

25— Poughkeepsie, N. Y., County Fair. 

25— Bloomington, 111., B. C. 

26— Elizabeth, Pa., A. A. 

26— Omaha, Neb., Wheel Club. 

26— Reading, Pa., Electric Wheelmen. 

26— Southbridge, Mass., Bi. Club. 

28— Jackson, Tenn., Jackson C. C. 

jo— Brockton, Mass., Agricultural Society. 

OCTOBER. 

1-2-3— Brockton, Mass., Agricultural Society. 
2— Perry, N. Y., Silver Lake Agr. Association. 

NOVEMBER. 

21-38— Chicago, Ills., National Cycle Exposition Co. 
26— Pine Bluff, Ark,, Cycle Racing Association. 



FISH OP ONE, FLESH OF ANOTHER. 

Professionalizing Butler and Anderson, the 
college riders, for acepting training and 
travelling expenses, while seventeen other 
collegians equally guilty escaped with a sus- 
pension, has again stirred up the Intercolle- 
giate Athletic Association against the Racing 
Board. An explanation will be demanded. 
The old story about managing their own 
meets in the future is once more being 
flaunted. 



VARIETY OF PRIZE MERCHANDISE. 
The annual ten-mile road race of the 
Brooklyn Citizen will be run over the Coney 
Island Boulevard course on Wednesday, Sep- 
tember 30. The prize list is long and valua- 
ble, and contains merchandise of almost 
every variety. W. H. Roberts, No. 397 Ful- 
ton-st., Brooklyn, is manager of the race. 



AN AMATEUR SEXTETTE RACE. 
Six .$35 diamonds are offered by the Rhode 
Island State Fair Association for an ama- 
teur sextette race on the opening day of the 
Providence Exposition, September 7. The 
Syracuse Cycle Co. have entered their six- 
seated machine in the race. 



THE ATLANTIC CITY AND PLEASANTVILLE 

BICYCLE TRACK. 

The fastest five-mile track in the world. Send for 
prospectus. T. W. White, Secretary, 1210 Atlantic 
Avenue, Atlantic City, N. J. 



PRIZE MEDALS 

JOHN HARRIOTT, 
3 Winter Street, Boston, Mass. 

Always reliable. Send for designs. 

••••CLUB PINS— 



AT SHORT NOTICE. 



Competitors' Numbers, Plain and Neat, with Pins, 

Trainers' Badges, Track Bales, Entry Blanks, 

Regulation L. A. W. Form, Programes, Score 

Cards, Dodgers, Hand Bills, Window 

Hangers, Advertising Matter, 

Any Description. 



PROMPT ESTIMATES. 



THE WHEEL PRESS, 72 Warren St., New York. 



FIRST ANNUAL 



L. A. W. National Circuit Race Meet 

OF THE 

Great Interstate Fair, 

TRENTON, N. J., 
ON WHEELMEN'S DAY, 

Monday, September 28, 1896. 
The Most Liberal Prizes of any Raoe Meet In the East. 

For entry blanks and further information, address 
JNO. GUILD MUIRHEID, Sec'y, 

P. O. Box 105, Trenton, N. J. 



Send 26c. (stamps) 
for beautifully fin- 
ished Watch Fob. 
EveryCyclist should 



A. F. KLEINSCHMIDT, 
271 E. Washington St., Indianapolis, Ind. 



sous: BEASONS 

Why Travelers Patronize the Nickel Plate Road. 

1st— Because its rates are always fie Lowest. 

2d — Because it gives unexcelled service, includ- 
ing through Wagner Palace Sleeping Cars between 
Boston and Chicago via the Fitchburg an<i West Shore 
Railroads, and Solid Through Trains between New 
Vork and Chicago via the West Shore and Nickel 
P ate Roads. Its day coaches are lighted by gas, heat- 
ed by steam in winter, and are in charge of uniformed 
colored attendants whose services are free to all pas- 
sengers. Its dining car and buffet service is unsur 
passed, and its meal stations serve the best of meals 
at the lowestrates. 

3d— Because it will give you stop-over privileges 
without extra charge at Chautauqua Lake and 
Niagara Falls on all tourist and excursion tickets. 

4th— Because it runs along the shores of beautiful 
Lake Erie, with its cooling breezes, and delightful 
scenery; passing through the famous "Grape Belt" 
of New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, and the "Gas 
Belt " of Indiana; the beautiful cities of Erie, Cleve- 
land, Fostoria and Fort Wayne; the Summer Resort 
of Green Springs, and many other noted places. 

5th — Because the Nickel Plate Road is evr r at the 
front in adopting every improvement tending to the 
Safety, Comfort, Convenience and Pleasure of its 
patrons, and its smoothly running 'rack, powerful 
locomotives, elegant and luxurious cars and lowest 
rates, designate it as the POPU LAB ROUTE. 

For all information, call on the nearest agent, or 
address F. J. MOORE, General Agent, 23 Exchange 
Street, Buffalo, N. Y. No. 23. 



CHANCE TO GET FOREIGN TRADE. 

Salesman, thoroughly versed in the cycle 
trade, who is going abroad September 1, and 
who has already travelled the ground, desires 
to represent a bicycle and a tire concern ; will 
also be in position to place meritorious cycle 
sundries. Salary or commission ; will establish 
office in London. Address RESULTS, care 
THE WHEEL. *** 



THIS IS SO. 

Man fain would live and happy be 

And joyful onward roll, 
But the condition of his stomach 

Very oft affects his soul. 

And it makes him dull and stupid 

And hateful of all he sees. 
He gets tired of all around him 

And nothing with him agrees. 

There's a remedy that's near at hand 
To kill such dismal spell. 

It's an article called Yucatan- 
Just chew it and get well. 

White's Yucatan Gum is 5 cents a package. For 
sale at all drug stores and confectioneries. Buy only 
that sealed with a yellow band. 



HAVE YOU OCCASION TO GO WEST ? 

The solid through train run daily via the West 
Shore Railroad through the State of New York, stop- 
ping at principal stations, to Erie, Cleveland and 
Chicago over the West Shore and New York, Chicago 
and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate), is proving 
itself a great attraction to the trave ing public. 
Passengers leaving New York on this train — station 
foot of West Forty-second street, at 6.00 p. m.— arrive 
in Chicago the next evening. No annoyance of chang- 
ing cars or baggage, as the entire train runs through to 
Chicago without any change. Buffet and dining cars 
are attached, and it is no wonder that with the excel- 
lent time, easy roadbed, picturesque scenery of the 
route, this line is so profitable to its promoters. In 
going West you should try the West Shore and 
Nickel Plate Route,. *** 



1896 



43 



AGAIN.... 



must we call your attention to the finest machine on the 
market in the way of a Tandem. WE realized fully the 
advantages to be derived from the "truss frame" con- 
struction, and you will notice the superiority of the 




America 



TRUSS 
FRAME. 



Tandem 



at a glance. The truss braces the long wheel base in 
the most superb manner. Then again, notice where 
we run our forward chain. The principle of a forward 
chain on either side is open to argument, but when 
we run it in the centre we think you'll agree with 
us that it is just about right. We can deliver at 
$150.00, and it's money well spent. 



GENERAL DISTRIBUTING AGENTS. 

B. B. Emery & Co., Boston, Mass. 

Union Nut & Bolt Co., New York City. 

E. K. Tryon, Jr., & Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

House & HerrmanD, Wheeling, W. Va. 

H. L. & E. E. Hunt, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Penn. Cycle Co., Erie, Pa. 

Francis J. Hewes, Rochester, N. Y. 

Geo. H. Terry, Oswego, N. Y. 

A. C. Anderson & Co., Toronto, Ont. 

Adams & Hart, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Ray M. Hewitt, Detroit, Mich. 

W. B. Holton Mfg. Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

J. H. Fall & Co., Nashville, Tenn. 

Rhea, Elton & Thelens, Peoria, 111. 

R. J. Boswell, St. Louis, Mo. 

Aultman, Miller & Co., Dallas, Tex. 

Bradley, Wheeler & Co., Kansas City, Mo. 

David Bradley & Co., Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Bradley, Clark & Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Bray Bros., Cedar Rapids, la. 

Mathews Implement Co., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Serrano & Zozaya, City o£ Mexico, Mex. 

Keen & Delang, Chicago. 



%H& 



AMERICA CYCLE MFG. CO. 



CHICAGO. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



September n, 



VERDICT OF THE VOTERS. 

Some one has denned a "popular voting con- 
test" as a "species of genteel bunco operated 
by penny papers." Be that as it may, there 
was never such a contest, so far as cycling 
is concerned, as that promoted by the "Bos- 
ton Herald," which came to an end last week 
and with the "Warwick bicycle at the head 
of the list. The voting had been in progress 
for months. Several New England concerns 
interested themselves, a.nd for a time the 
keenest rivalry was displayed. The casting 
of millions of "ballots" resulted. The Very 
Cycle Company, Warwick agents in Boston, 
were among those interested. They set their 
hearts on having the Warwick declared "the 
most popular bicycle." To that end they 
conducted something of a campaign. Letters 
and circulars were sent to every Warwick 
agent, and letters furnished them to be sent 
to their customers. In this way every War- 
wick rider was stirred with enthusiasm, and 
rallied to the support of the vermillion wheel. 
Thousands and tens of thousands of votes 
were piled up daily. Two or three competi- 
tors of the Warwick endeavored to pass that 
wheel, but each time the Warwick people re- 
sponded with a perfect avalanche of votes. 
There was no stemming the tide, and when 
the contest closed the Warwick had 671,589 
votes to its credit, nearly 200,000 more than 
its nearest competitor, the Tver Johnson. It 
was a remarkable affair. 

The "Springfield Union" also promoted a 
similar contest, in which the Warwick again 
landed on top by a decisive margin of 13,809 
votes, its total being 76,408. 

Naturally the Warwick people are in high 
feather. 



- POPULAR, AND SHOULD BE SUCCESSFUL. 
Another old-timer to enter the ranks of the 

selling agents is William A. Neff , , of Cleve- 
land, with whom the trade is thoroughly ac- 
quainted from his long connection with the 
Peerless Manufacturing Company, and latter- 
ly as bicycle manager of Lockwcod, Taylor 
& Co., large hardware jobbers. 

Mr. Neff is general sales agent for the Vin- 
dex wheel, manufactured by the Reading Cy- 
cle Manufacturing Company, of Reading. 
Penn., and also represents a line of tubing, 
also seamless stamped crank brackets, hubs, 
bearings, sprockets, etc. 

As to the wheel which he represents, Mr. 
Neff seems to be in a particularly good posi- 
tion to cater to particular people. The "Vin- 
dex will be supplied in three heights of 
frames, and choice of handle-bars will be 
given, also an unlimited choice as to finish, 
which is an unusual thing, when the bicycle 
in consideration is a jobbing wheel. 

Mr. Neff has located his permanent offices 
in the New England Building, Clevejand. 
With his acquaintanceship, knowledge and 
experience, he should quickly occupy a fore- 
most position in that branch of the business 
which he has elected his field. 



GERMANS ARE KICKING. 

The cycle manufacturers of Germany are 
alarmed at the progress American wheels 
have made there in the last few months. An 
American manufacturer established an agency 
in Berlin early this year. His wheels were a 
revelation to people who have been accustomed 
to the ponderous German machines. Princess 
Hohenlohe and all the smart court set in Ber- 
lin bought American machines, which soon 
began to be seen on all sides of Germany, 
hence the alarm. 



SHOP WRINKLES FOR REPAIRERS. 

When the head of a set-screw gets so badly 
worn that the wrench will not take hold, it is 
considerable bother to make alterations in 
the adjustment. A new head is square, like 
A in Fig. 1, and the wrench B takes hold 
readily. When worn, the wrench slips 
around, as indicated by C in Fig. 2. The 
worn edges D cannot be fixed, but the head 
of the screw can be reshaped by first out- 
lining it as represented by E in Fig. 3, then 
grinding off the ragged edges, leaving the 
head square, as in Fig. 4. The grinding can 
be done on either stone or emery wheel. 

Wheels are frequently brought in to the re- 
pairer with the thread on the axle partly 
destroyed at the points A and B, as marked 
in Fig. 5. Riders have often to turn off the 
cones so as to clean the balls and related 
parts. If the thread is broken or worn be- 
tween the cones and the end of the axles, the 
cones turn only with difficulty, and some- 
times a hammer or other tool is used 
in a vain attempt to help the matter along. 




O D 




No man ever has a fair knowledge of how 
steep a hill is until he attempts to ride up it on 
a bicycle. 



The result is axle threads are broken more 
or less. To remedy and not interfere with 
the setting and fitting of the axle, simply 
clean out the threads with a die set same 
gauge as the threads. If the cones stick, 
clean out the threads before removing them. 
If the top collar bearing on the fork gets 
broken, as signified by C in Fig. 6, the same 
can be fixed for further use by turning down 
the upper part to a shoulder and springing 
on a ring. 

The process is explained in Fig. 7, in which 
D is the collar, E the break and F the 
wrought iron ring. A few rivets will tend to 
make the ring stay firmer in place. After the 
ring is placed the roughness may be removed 
in the usual way, and brazing will finish off 
the job so that it will appear neat. 



Forks are always a source of trouble when 
once sprung. When the defect is prominent 
it is easily located and fixed. But when the 
untrueness is hardly perceptible, or situated 
in the bearings at about A, as in Fig. 8, the 
work of truing is delicate, and calls for' 
something more than a straight eye. A view 
of a new type of home-made affair for aid- 
ing in this work is given in Fig. 9. It is un- 
patented. First, procure the foundation 
plank B, to which bolt the uprights C C. 
These are wood. Then make long-set bolts 
F F, four of them, and set them in the posi- 
tions shown. These support the fork. There 
must be bearings at the end of each of the 
bolts so that the fork shaft may fit in them. 
The other ends of the bolts will be fitted with 
the lock-nuts, as shown in the drawing. 
These supporting bolts will be centred so as 
to bring the fork in the centre of the device. 
Next we want the pointers J, J, J, I, I, and H. 
These are steel arrows, set true and firmly in 
the frame. 

The rod E is put into the fork for a support. 
Now comes the truing. It is done with the 
regulating bolts F F, which are so made as 
to permit of screwing inward against the 
sides of the fork from either direction, and 
with such force as to bend the same slightly, 
thus removing any light irregularity in true- 
ness. The framework of the device is 
strengthened with crossrods. A thin plate, 
G, extends across the top to support the 
pointer H. Any untrueness of the fork will 
show itself by the relative positions of the 
parts and the pointers. 

GEORGE D. RICE. 



SOME " RAD WELT " RANTS. 

The American manufacturers who were 
heavy advertisers in all the German papers 
were astonished to receive notice last week 
that henceforth their advertisements could not 
be received. It developed that the German 
manufacturers had agreed to withdraw their 
advertisements from any paper accepting ad- 
vertisements from American firms. 

The "Rad Welt," an important cycling paper 
in Germany, appeals to Germans not to buy 
American, wheels. It shrieks: 

"Readers! Loyalty, self-reliance and nation- 
al pride! As long as Americans will not ride 
German wheels, no German should ride an 
American wheel. Every German owes it to his 
Fatherland to assist a new struggling indus- 
try, which already employs 100,000 hands. 
This can only be done by an active, aggressive 
stand against American goods and methods!" 



HAVE FAITH IN THE FUTURE. 
Gormully & Jeffery have added another to 
their circuit of branch stores— at Cincinnati 
this time— a move in which doleful times 
stands for a great deal. The Cincinnati 
branch is located at No. 516 Main street, in a 
handsome stone building opposite the Post- 
office, and occupies the entire large first floor 
and furnished basement. Well-equipped sales- 
room, riding academy, store rooms and repair 
shop make this the most complete bicycle 
establishment in Cincinnati, where the 
Rambler already enjoys enviable popularity. 



HENDEE GONE ACROSS. 
Geo. M. Hendee's name appeared on the 
passenger list of the Teutonic when she sailed 
on Wednesday last. The Wheel ivj.an only 
caught a glimpse of him on Tuesday in New- 
York, and, as he was too busy arranging for 
the trip, very little could be learned as to the 
real object of the voyage. Of course, improve- 
ments in Silver Kings are promised, and the 
'97 pedal shown augers well for the good 
things in store for this popular Springfield 
wheel. 



i8 9 6. 



45 




SPRINGFIELD! 

Tom Butler Wins the Mile International 



One of the largest fields of the year entered in the Mile 
International, including Cooper, Bald, Sanger and Gardiner, 
and the Boston Boy ran away from them. 

Tom Butler Rides Palmer Tires on his Stearns Wheel. 



Other Winnings on Palmer Tires. 



FIRST DA Y— PROFESSIONAL. 



Mile International, 
Half-Mile Open, - 

Two-Mile Handicap, 



Tom Butler, first. 
Tom Butler, first. 
C. J. Lewis, first. 
Geo. Bates, second. 
A. B. Rich, fourth. 



FIRST DA Y—AMA TE UR. 

Mile Local, F. I. Elmer, first. 

Half-Mile Open, - Ray Dawson, fourth. 

Mi.e Handicap, - - - - j&.t^S&SXJu, 
M«°°P». |H? y E D £Xe, S ,7oS«>, 



SECOND DAY- 



Mile Record, 

Half-Mile Handicap, 
Mile Handicap, 



■PR OFESSIONA L . 

j F. C. Hoyt, second. 
j Tom Butler, fourth. 

Geo. Bates, second. 

C. J. Lewis, third. 



SECOND DA Y—AMA TEUR. 



Mile Handicap, 

Mile Record, 
Half-Mile Open, 



F. A. Gately, first. 
W. H. Miner, third. 
W. C. Roome, fourth. 
F. A. Grady, fourth. 



Butler, Lewis, Bates and Gately ride Stearns wheels ; 
Elmer, Roome and Miner ride Spaldirgs ; Grady, Rich and 
Caldwell ride Warwicks ; Dawson rides a Humber. 



Everybody Acknowledges that Palmer Tires are the Fastest Tires in the World. 

All styles are made with the same fabric — Palmer Fabric — 
the only difference being a little more rubber on the road- 
ster than on the racer. Palmer Tires are expensive — more 
so than other tires — but they make the bicycle run easily. 



The Palmer Pneumatic Tire Co.,' 133-135 S. Clinton St., Chicago. 

For prices address : Selling Agents, THE COLUMBIA RUBBER WORKS CO., 66 Reade St., New York, and 159 Lake St., Chicago. 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



4 6 



September n, 



FRAME TESTING RESULTS. 

Very many of those who three years ago 
knew all about it have now but a befogged 
remembrance of the "steel vs. aluminum 
controversy." Most of those who have come 
into the game since that time know nothing 
whatsoever of the affair. To again refer to 
it is much like thumbing the pages of a dusty 
volume. Those whose memory serves them 
best will, however, recall the warmth and 
length to which the controversy was waged. 

Ten thousand and seventeen yards of type- 
writer ribbon and 501 reams of paper were 
used by the principals in the dispute, while 
the matter as it appeared in print in column 
lengths would reach from Kalamazoo to Kan- 
kakee, and the battered type, if melted and 
chained, would serve to anchor an Atlantic 
steamar. 

The principals were E. C. Stearns & Co. and 
the St. Louis Refrigerator and Wooden Gutter 
Company. Stearns & Co. espoused the cause 
of steel; the St. Louis concern, makers of the 
Luminum bicycle, naturally had the other end 
of the argument. It all arose over this chal- 
lenge, which appeared in the Luminum cata- 
logue of 1893: 

To show that we mean what we claim, we is- 
sue the following challenge to any maker of 
first-class bicycles in the world. The manufact- 
urer of the machine wishing to contest with the 
Luminum shall select two judges, we to select 
two, and the four judges to select one more. 
They are to put the machines to all the various 
tests necessary to show their strength. If the 
judges do not testify that the Luminum is by 
far the strongest frame we will contribute $500 
to any charitable institution the manufacturer 
of such bicycle contesting may name. If it is 
proved and the judges so testify that the Lumi- 
num is twice as strong as the steel tubing frames 
contesting, the manufacturers of such bicycle 
shall contribute $500 to any charitable institu- 
tion that we may name. If, further, the contest 
shows that the Luminum is three times stronger 
than the steel-frame bicycles contesting, the 
manufacturer of such bicycle shall contribute 
$750 to such charitable institution as we may 
name. 

Tests were made upon twelve regular and 
standard frames of each of the respective 
makes, weighing within three ounces of 5% 
pounds, this weight being the average weight 
of the regular '96 models supplied to the trade 
by the contestants during the present season. 
The various tests decided upon by the judges 
for determining the merits of the twenty-four 
steel and aluminum frames were selected after 
a careful consideration of the mechanical prin- 
ciples involved in actual bicycle practice and 
completely cover all the tests for strength 
necessary for a perfect bicycle frame. The 
tests are divided into two classes: static or sta- 
tionary, and impact or live loads, and are as 

follows: . , iliijl 

STATIC TESTS. 

A. Frame loaded at seat posts. 

B. Frame loaded at both pedals. 

C. Frame loaded on one side at centre of 
pedal. 

D. Frame loaded at sprocket for chain draft. 

IMPACT TESTS. 

E. Vertical impact on seat post. 

F. Vertical impact on pedals. 

G. Pendulum impact on front forks loaded 
with 100 pounds on seat post and 50 pounds on 
front head or handle-bars. 

In August of the same year Stearns & Co. 
knocked the chip off the other fellow's shoul- 
der. It created a sensation. 

Then followed a bombardment of the press 
such as has been seldom seen or heard. Differ- 
ences arose at every turn. They were aired in 
the newspapers. No actor or pugilist could 
have done it better. For a while the subject 
made good reading, but as the notices in- 
creased in volume and frequency the idea got 
abroad that the whole controversy was sim- 
ply a clever means of "working the press." It 



became a test of patience, at any rate, and 
was finally ended by the refusals of the papers 
to accord the matter additional space. In the 
interim, however, the forfeit money had been 
deposited and judges agreed on. 

After this the test dropped almost complete- 
ly out of sight, and but for an occasional sput- 
ter would have been wholly forgotten. When 
it was given out a few weeks since that the 
test was at last to occur, the news attracted 
but passing notice. Such reports had been 
heard before. But this time it really did take 
place, at the Pittsburg (Penn.) Testing Labo- 
ratory. The judges' decision has just been 
made public. Stearns and steel are declared 
the victors. 

These tests were arranged so as to obtain 
results which correspond as nearly as possible 

CHEAP FOR CASH. 

"Spot Cash," A. U. Betts & Co., of Toledo, 
Ohio, have dubbed their vulcanizer, and the 
price is so amazingly low that the wonder is 
how any one would care to purchase it on 
other terms. Five dollars is the figure at 
which it is listed. There are no discounts 
and expressage is prepaid only when cash ac- 
companies the order. 




The machine works automatically and ap- 
pears to embody features that will make it a 
ready seller. Betts & Co. claim that it can 
be operated by a novice, requires no watching 
and will not burn or distort a tire. The tire 
is merely clamped in the vulcanizer, and the 
heat turned on. When the repair is com- 
pleted, the heat ceases and the tire may be 
removed whenever one wills. 

to those obtained in actual service, and as this 
is the first and only scientific test of bicycle 
frames on record, the result is of interest and 
value. 

The judges were Professor J. H. Barr, chair- 
man of Cornell University, Ithaca, N. T., and 
a. member of the American Society of Mechan- 
ical Engineers; Edward Flad, M. E., a promi- 
nent consulting engineer of St. Louis, Mo.; 
Professor J. D. Johnson, C. E., of Washington 
University, St. Louis, Mo.; J. W. Sugget, 
of Cortland, N. Y., one of the leading patent 
attorneys in the United States, and W. R. Val- 
entine, M. E., a mechanical expert, of Ithaca, 
N. Y. 

After notifying both contestants of their 
decision in favor of E. C. Stearns & Co., the 
judges' report goes on to say: 

"That this decision and award substantially 
concludes the business of the board; that 
each and every alleged charge of fraud or de- 
ception made by, or any party in behalf of 
the challenger have been and the same are 
hereby dismissed; that pursuant to the reso- 
lution of this board the Wheelman Company, 
of Boston, Mass., has been directed to pay the 



$500 deposited by the challenger to any char- 
itable institution named by E. C. Stearns & 
Co.; that the deposits made by the last- 
named company with the said Wheelman 
Company and the chairman be returned to 
said E. C. Stearns & Co.; that the expenses 
of the board and expenses and compensation 
of the chairman be charged to the challenger; 
that the bills of the chairman and the board 
have been duly audited, and that the board 
has adjourned to meet on the call of the 
chairman at his office, Sibley College, Ithaca, 
N. Y., to transact any further and other busi- 
ness which by accident or mistake it has 
omitted to consider." 



WHAT ONE EDITOR DON'T KNOW. 

After spending several sleepless nights over 
the subject, the "New York World" declares 
this to be the coming bicycle: 

"The discussion of the bicycle of the future 
is in a fair way to assume a new phase. It 
has been taken for granted that improvement 
in the wheel now in use must come through 
some device which will utilize electricity as a 
motor, but it seems possible that the bicycle 
may be practically perfected without this. 

"It is proposed to find some mechanical de- 
vice by which the lifting pull of the arms on 
the handles when the machine is going uphill 
can be made to drive the front wheel with a 
stroke corresponding to that given the rear 
wheel by the down push of the feet. 

"As it is natural to pull on the handle-bar in 
going uphill, any mechanical device which 
would utilize this pull would give a form of 
exercise similar to swimming, and would al- 
most double the motor power behind the ma- 
chine without proportionately increasing the 
strain necessary to drive it. 

"It is thought that the difficulties of giving 
the arms proper 'purchase' in driving the 
front wheel on up grades are purely mechani- 
cal, and that they can be easily overcome by a 
few years' experimenting. 

"If they are— if the bicycle of the future can 
be driven uphill by both legs and arms— it may 
be as far superior to the wheel of the present 
as the new safety is to the old velocipede." 



PNEUMATICS VERSUS PEANUTS. 

Who would ever thought that the onward 
roll of the pneumatic would result in the 
downfall of the peanut? This has come to 
pass, however, at the Queens County Fair, on 
Long Island. Heretofore the peanut privilege 
at the fair has always brought the highest 
price, but in the new order of things the bi- 
cycle privilege takes first place this year, $50 
more being paid for it than for the permission 
to peddle peanuts on the grounds. 



ALL THE COMFORTS OF HOME. 
A Parisian lawyer has ordered of one of the 
makers of horseless vehicles a conveyance to 
contain a dining-room, two bedrooms, dress- 
ing-room and kitchen. The cost is over $500, 
and the owner's intention is to make ex- 
cursions through all the most picturesque 
parts of France. 



NEEDS NO BELL. 
A man rides every fine day on the Boule- 
vard with a pet parrot perched on his handle- 
bar. Whenever the bird's owner gets into a 
crowd the parrot begins to scream, "Look out! 
Look out!" Of course, he readily secures right 
of way, and his success in this direction prom- 
ises to boom the parrot trade. 



DANGER TO POPULARITY 
Knowledge of a wheel is an excellent thing, 
but if you want to retain popularity with a 
woman never let her discover through your 
knowledge that what she thinks she knows 
about her wheel is not a fact. 




NNUAL NATIONAL 

CYCLE EXHIBITIONS 

AT CHICAGO J AT NEW YORK 

January 23—30, 1897, • February 6 — 13, 1897, 

At the Coliseum, Jackson Park. • Grand Central Palace of Industry, 

«*•*•*• \ Lexington Avenue and 43d Street. 

SPECIAL FEATURES— IMMENSE FLOORS— LOW RENTALS— DIVISION OF PROFITS. 

Exhibitors at unsanctioned exhibitions, fairs, institutes, etc., 
will not be allotted space at the National Exhibitions, the 
only sanctioned exhibitions prior to February 20, 1897. 

Rules, regulations, diagrams, applications for space and all information will be furnished on application. Applications for space 

must be filed by September 19, 1896. 
DON'T BE DECEIVED ! These are the only official cycle shows given ; all others claiming official sanction are frauds. 

e£* ^* e£* e£* ^* ^* «£* 

NATIONAL BOARD OF TRADE OF CYCLE MANUFACTURERS, 
27J BROADWAY, NEW YORK. 

Kindly mention The Whtel. 



SPRINGFIELD MEET. 

TOM COOPER wins One-Mile Record, Third Day. 

TOM COOPER wins Half-Mile Open, Third Day. 

TOM BUTLER wins Half-Mile Open, First Day. 

TOM BUTLER wins One-Mile Championship, First Day. 



THE BALDWIN 

Is the Crackajack's Chain, because they appreciate its smooth-running qualities. 

It is the Roadster's Chain, because it is interchangeable and adjustable by the rider. 

NO BOLT AND NUT. HARDENED RIVETS. CORRECT CONSTRUCTION. 

BEST MATERIAL EVER OFFERED TO THE TRADE. 

Send for Circulars and Sample. — _^m^w 



BALDWIN ADJUSTABLE CYCLE CHAIN CO., 

Kindly mention The Wheel. WORCESTER, MASS., U. S. A. 



43 



September n, 



NATIONAL CYCLE SHOWS. 

Under the auspices of the National Board of Trade 

of Cycle Manufacturers, National Shoe 

and Leather Bank Building, 271 

Broadway, New York. 

January 23-30— Chicago, Coliseum. 

February 6-13— New York, Grand Central Palace. 

Dec. 4-12— London, National Show, Crystal Palace. 



TRADE CHANGES. 

COLORADO. 

Denver.— Troxel Brothers & Clark, bicycles, 
1,756 Stout street, selling out new stock to re- 
move to new quarters. 

Denver.— Columbine Cycle Co., incorporated. 
CONNECTICUT. 

Bridgeport.— The Premier Cycle Mfg. Co. re- 
ported applied for a receiver. 

Middletown.— "Worcester Cycle Co. shut 
down indefinitely; no reason given. 
ILLINOIS. 

Chicago.— King B Cycle Co. (Edw. D. and 
Mattie H. Sniffen, proprietors), sued $5,000. 

Chicago. — The Elgin Sewing Machine and 
Bicycle Co. made an assignment. Assets 
placed at $150,000; liabilities, $100,000. 

Chicago. — R. F. Beardsley & Co. (incorpo- 
rated) sued for $5,000 damages by the Chi- 
cago Tip and Tire Co. 

Chicago.— Chicago Tip and Tire Co., "at- 
tachment in aid" sued out by R. F. Beardsley 
& Co. (incorporated), who also garnisheed ac- 
count due from Fowler Cycle Mfg. Co. and bi- 
cycles in possession Lincoln Bicycle Co. De- 
fendants furnish bond and sue Beardsley 
& Co. 

Chicago.— Chicago Cycle "Works ("W. E. 
Davis), sued $2,500. 

Chicago.— Davidson & Sons. Court ordered 
assignee to sell certain bicycles; also to pro- 
duce books. 

Chicago. — Fulton Machine "Works. Bank 
releases attachment and shop opened by as- 
signee. Sale arranged for September 17. 

Chicago. — E. D. Davis. Chattel mortgage 
$700 on bicycles. 

IOWA. 

Blairstown. — F. Kleinschmidt, assigned to 
O. W. Allen. 

Dubuque. — Joseph T. Kelly, confessed judg- 
ment sheriff in possession. 
MAINE. 

Portland. — Boston Bicycle Mfg. Co., organ- 
ized to manufacture bicycles, etc. Capital, 
$35,000. Frank W. Brigham, president, 
"Waltham, Mass.; Charles E. Rowe, treasurer, 
Chelsea, Mass. 

MARYLAND. 

Baltimore. — The Sundry Mfg. Co., incorpo- 
rated by Joseph C. Whitney, Charles A. Lay- 
field, William P. Turner, Arthur D. Stebbins 
and Daniel H. Hayne; to manufacture bicycle 
novelties and attachments. Capital, $1,000. 
MASSACHUSETTS. 

Chicopee Falls.— The Overman Wheel Co., 
shop closed until further notice. 

Haverhill.— J. W. Elliott, chattel mortgage 
$350. 

MICHIGAN. 

Hudson. — George Pomeroy is refitting bi- 
cycle factory to accommodate 100 hands. 
MINNESOTA. 

Langher.— O. A. Bakken has added bicycle 
repair shop to his business. 

Minneapolis.— The Heath-Quimby Co., incor- 
porated by S. F. Heath and E. C. Quimby, to 
manufacture bicycle supplies. Capital stock, 
$10,000. 

Minneapolis.— Heath Mfg. Co. (S. F. Heath 
and E. C. Adams), incorporated to manufact- 
ure bicycle pumps. 

St. Paul.— The Cuddy Cycle Co. has filed 
schedule of assets and liabilities, Assets, 
fl,8W; UabWUe?, $2,757,85, 



NEW YORK. 

Brooklyn.— A. M. Franklin, bicycles, re- 
ported recorded chattel mortgage for $1,200. 

Brooklyn. — Behrmann Cycle Company, re- 
ported closed by Sheriff. 

Buffalo.— Queen Citiy Cycle Company. At- 
tachment in favor of J. Walter Thompson, 
$4,000; vacated. 

Clyde. — Haight & Stevens dissolved. J. E. 
Haight continues. 

Elbridge.— Elbridge Cycle Company. Stock 
sold under execution to W. B. Fuller, at- 
torney, for $1,403.58. 

New York. — Simon Blumauer. Judgment, 
$482.68. 

New York.— Liberty Cycle Company. Re- 
ceiver files report, showing nominal assets, 
$204,626.81; actual assets about $60,000. Lia- 
bilities, $183,563.93. Judgment in favor Sager 
Manufacturing Company, Rochester, N. Y\, 
$1,676.66. 

New York. — Knickerbocker Cycle Manu- 
facturing Company. Judgment in favor of 
David H. De Boer, $7,582; vacated. 

New-York. — F. A. Nagle, chattel mortgage, 
$150. 

New York. — Glasel Brothers, bicycles, re- 
ported to have given judgment for $216. 

Oswego. — The Oswego Tool Company, manu- 
facturers of the Ontario Bicycle, tools, etc., 
have made an assignment to C. C. Place, for 
the benefit of creditors. The capital stock is 
$25,000. Application has been made to per- 
mit the assignee, Mr. Place, to continue the 
business. 

Sherburne. — Albert C. Buchanan. Burned 
out. 

Syracuse. — Dodge Cycle Company. Chattel 
mortgage for $29,500 to F. V. Gridley. 

Utica. — The Weston-Mott Company, of 
JamesviHe, will erect a main bicycle factory, 
41x150 feet, two stories high, in this city. 
OHIO. 

Cincinnati.— F. B. Hewitt, bicycles, No. 718 
Race street, to Edward W. Frey. Estimated, 
assets, $1,400; liabilities, $1,200. 

OKLAHOMA TERRITORY. 

Guthrie. — Joe Reed's bicycle store destroyed 
by fire; partially insured. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Meadville.— L. L. Richmond Manufacturing 
Company. Judgment filed vs. L. L. Richmond, 
$350; also sued, $300. 



Philadelphia.— H. C. Rightmire, bicycles, 
etc., reported to have given judgments for 
$4,562. 

Wilkesbarre. — S. Blau & Co., bicycles. Re- 
ported sold out. 

TENNESSEE. 

Nashville. — Sims Brothers & Green, bicycle 
dealers, No. 243 North Cherry street, as- 
signed to George S. Combs. Liabilities placed 
at $1,915.15. 

VIRGINIA. 

Norfolk.— A. A. O'Neill & Brother. C. W. 
O'Neill transfers real estate, $1,000. 
VERMONT. 

Rutland. — C. A. Townsend. Insolvent. 
WISCONSIN. 

Milwaukee. — Telegram Cycle Manufacturing 
Company. Stock sold to First National Bank. 
F. F. Pingree, secretary of company, ap- 
pointed custodian. Later: O. C. Fuller ap- 
pointed receiver on application of creditors. 



IMPORTANT TRADE-MARK DECISION. 

The United States Circuit Court of Appeals 
at Chicago handed down a decision last month 
which is of interest to all manufacturers who 
market their goods under trademarks. 

The word "Imperial" was the distinctive 
feature in the case in point, and the Court 
held that such a word could not become the 
exclusive property of any one for the reason 
that it and other words of the same class, such 
as "Royal," for instance, cannot become the 
exclusive property of any one for the reason 
that they indicate quality and not origin. 

In concluding the decision the Court said: 
"The word in question may 'be close to the 
border line between terms that signify quality 
and those that do not. It is safer, however, 
in the interest of freedom of trade to protect 
the use of those terms, and those terms only, 
which clearly do not refer to grade or quality. 
The monopoly of use granted by the law of 
trademarks should not be extended to em- 
brace terms of doubtful signification. 



Tests are being made in Indianapolis to 
determine whether the creosote in wooden 
pavements is injurious to the tires of bicy- 
cles brought in contact therewith. 



TO BICYCLEr^&^MANUFACTURERS! 






Fine J et or Fancy Colors 

HIGH GRADE BICYCLE ENAMELS 

Superior in Quality to the Finest English, or American Enamels, and Guaranteed. 

PRACTICAL advice, lay out of Bicycle Enameling Plants, and all needed 
information upon latest and best methods, furnished to customers adopt- 
ing our Enamels. Enamels and Enameling have been our sole 
business, study and practice for thirty years, and we know it in every part, 
and our Special Bicycle Enamels sell upon their real merits, and stand un- 
equaled to-day. We refer to all bicycle manufacturers, and solicit your corre- 
spondence and orders. "-~^~~""^^~^^^~^^~ 

DIPPING OR BRUSHING ENAMELS. 

American Enamel Company, 

PROVIDENCE, R. I., U. S. A. 

(Incorporated 1866.) 
Augustus S. Miller, Prest. Chas. A. Gamwell, Treas. and Sec'y. 

|^~Enarnel Experts, Practical Enamelers, an d Manufacturers of Superior Enamels ."^ 

gjndiy mention The ^heel when writing. 



*8 9 6 ywwwm. «* 



•••••• 

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^•••••••••••••••« ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••£• 

^•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••^ • 9 



STEEL DROP FORGINGS. 



••• 



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•••£ We are ready to figure on all kinds of £•••• 

bicycle work. The more complicated and ::::•{ 

difficult the better. We have some new :::::» 

•••£ designs in continuous cranks and shafts, •;•••• 

also separable crankshafts, which will inter- :::i:j 

est manufacturers. Our nickel steel spokes :::2S 

r •••••• 

are superior to anything that has ever been ::•••• 

produced in this line. 

Second-growth ash and hickory rims 

•••••: do not need truing up. Compressed bent 

hickory handle-bars are the only ones that 
will keep their shape. Lefever chains are 
fitted to nearly all the tandems, triplets and 
quads, because they cannot be broken and 

••••:: are true to pitch. 

•••••• 

•••••■ 

•••••• 

Ijijj; Brandenburg Pedals are the world's standard. 
•••••• 

Sager Saddles will suit the most fastidious. 



••••• 



SOLE SELLING AGENTS:- 



>••• 



§•••« 
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:::::: 

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111 Iven-Brandenburg-Burgess Co., 

•••••• 

•••••• ... ••• 

••••*• •••••• 

•••••• •••••• 

•••••• •••••• 

••••.5.. ..:•'•*•••• 

w* ^•■••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••^ *~. 



NEW YORK: ROCHESTER: CHICAGO: ^jjj 

95 Reade St. Otsego St. 307 Dearborn St. :::!5 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 



5° 



September 11, 



QUEER THINGS ABOUT GHOSTS. 

How They Affect the Building and Riding 

of Bicycles — Cure for the 

Complaint. 

The average man shows that he does not be- 
lieve in ghosts. He likes to pride himself on 
his bravery and his freedom from childish and 
primitive things. If you question him on this 
point he does not admit such things— not he — 
but if, by conversation on certain subjects, 
you cause him to commit himself knowingly, 
you will find that he does believe in ghosts. 
You will find that his mind, supposedly broad 
(as he believes, very broad and liberal), is act- 
ually hemmed and hampered on many sides 
by scarecrows and bugaboos which cramp his 
thoughts, hamper his actions, and are as real 
bogies as any we were told about in our 
younger days. 

The cattle-herder, or for that matter the 
herder of any kind of live stock, knows how 
easily the herd may be stampeded by an imag- 
inary ghost. The crack of a twig or a snort 
from some animal will on many occasions 
cause a stampede, and the further the cattle 
run the more scared they become, until sheer 
exhaustion compels them to stop. 

Masses of people are little better. They get 
scared on the tariff question, on the coin ques- 
tion, or some other problem which may or may 
not be of importance, and when scared refuse 
to do business. Their ordinary acuteness in 
business seems to be paralyzed, and they are 
no more like their ordinary selves than are 
the stampeded cattle. The writer has often 
seen a herd of cattle leave food and water in 
abundance because of this stampede action, 
and the nervousness exhibited by the public 
to-day reminds him very much of the cattle. 



During the several years of bad business in 
many lines which have been passing over us, 
one line and its connections, name 1 - the bi- 
cycle business, have been goor'.iOU-dny sup- 
pose that it is not so good as it would have 
been had other lines of business been good, 
but it is possible and quite probable that the 
stagnation in other lines helped in some ways 
the cycle business. Closed shoe factories threw 
men out of employment, which could be se- 
cured at lower rates by bicycle makers. Closed 
drygoods stores gave clerks more leisure for 
cycle riding. It is a matter of fact that there is 
a tendency this way. Proof of this can be seen 
by watching the outgoing ocean steamers, 
which have carried this year perhaps more 
summer tourists than ever, simply because 
the travellers have little or no work compel- 
ling them to stay at home. It is more than 
likely that if, instead of getting scared at the 
surrounding conditions, each one would resolve 
that he will stick to his work and withstand 
the current of panic, he would find himself 
more successful this year than in ordinary 
years. It is quite likely that he would need to 
change his methods from those of ordinary 
years, but it is almost certain that if he pos- 
sessed true adaptability he would find great 
success. 

This is not, however, intended as a discus- 
sion of the financial or political situation. 
Things of less importance and of greater in- 
terest, perhaps, to the cycle rider were intend- 
ed when the writer began. In the early days 
of the cycle the only ghost that seemed to be 
in everybody's mind was that of falling, and 
the constant question was: "Ain't you afraid 
of falling off? How do you keep your balance 
on two wheels?" The everyday examples of 
the past fifteen years have laid this ghost for- 
ever. 

Another ghost used to be "hard work." It 
seems impossible for the average mind to grasp 



the fact that the cycle rider has loaded himself 
on a whelebarrow and was actually wheeling 
himself, which any one ought to know is eas- 
ier than carrying himself, and even school- 
teachers and college professors thought it must 
be more work to ride "one of them things" than 
to walk, "because you are carrying fifty 
pounds of iron and rubber with you." This 
bogie died hard, and the earlier riders wasted 
many a minute explaining that one could ride 
three or four times as far and as fast as one 
could walk. Even to-day it sticks up its 
ghostly head and people inquire why one does 
not walk, but not so often as formerly. 

A prominent ghost of later years was the 
tire puncture, but other things than tires go 
wrong occasionally, so one is justified in call- 
ing the puncture a ghost. Many cyclists ride 
the whole year without any puncture what- 
ever, and I think it is borne out by experience 
that tires do not give more trouble than other 
parts of the cycle. 

Another ghost of to-day is brake effects. The 
average man imagines that a brake on his 



HE SHOULD RE-SIGN. 




The above sign ornaments the roadside at 
the foot of Eagle Rock Hill, in New Jersey. 
The gentleman responsible for it owns the 
bar toward which the finger is pointing, and 
it seems strange that he should go to the 
trouble and expense of advising the L. A. W. 
to retreat therefrom. 



wheel, if applied to the tire, would wear out 
the tire in less than a week, and for this rea- 
son he cannot contemplate for a minute the 
application of such a device, and yet he will 
put the toe of his shoe back of the fork of his 
machine and coast down a mountain side with 
supreme satisfaction, regardless of the fact 
that his shoe soles have one or more nails 
which are likely to do more damage in a min- 
ute than a brake would do in a year. He often 
goes further than this. Only a couple of weeks 
ago the writer saw a party of seven walking 
down a hill of quite easy grade, simply be- 
cause it was easier to walk down the same 
than to back pedal, and their machines were 
not equipped with brakes. Such action borders 
on the foolish. If the brake is given sufficient- 
ly broad surface, there is little or no danger of 
its damaging the tire, and it is one of the most 



valuable additions to the machine. Its weight 
is not a matter of serious objection, because 
many light forms either can be had or could be 
if called for. A foot brake, while not so good 
as a hand brake, because the hand brake per- 
mits the wheel to be retarded by both hands 
and feet, is much better by far than no brake. 
If it is desired that the brake should not apply 
to the tire, some form of band or disk brake 
applied to the hub can be had. There are_ sev- 
eral forms of brake applied to the crankshaft, 
sprocket wheel or chain, but these are objec- 
tionable because their power must be trans- 
mitted through the chain, and in case of the 
chain breaking or jumping off the sprockets 
the wheel is left wholly without control. The 
many accidents caused by collisions with bi- 
cycle riders have made it necessary to legis- 
late on bicycle equipments, but it seems to the 
writer that the legislation has taken the least 
valuable safeguards first. It is far more im- 
portant that the rider be able to control his 
machine absolutely than it is to warn the 
other fellow to get out of the road, and for this 
reason one effective brake is worth half a 
dozen bells or lamps. The bicycle moves so 
swiftly that in many cases the warning of the 
lamp or bell does not give the pedestrian tir#e 
to get out of the way, but simply makes him 
jump, and oftentimes in a direction contrary 
to that in which he should have jumped for 
safety. In this case the accident occurs, and 
the rider, being without a brake, finds himself 
powerless to prevent it. 

CHARLES E. DURYEA. 



CURES BOTH FAT AND LEAN. 

Most of the ailments which are commonly 
called "bilious" are caused by too much food 
of a rich nature, and too much drink of a 
sweet or alcoholic character, combined with 
far too little exercise in the open air. The 
liver attempts to get rid of the superfluous 
materials thrown into the circulation, and, 
being overworked, rebels, and gout, rheuma- 
tism, gravel, dyspepsia, headache and consti- 
pation are the outward and visible signs of 
its inaction in those who live too well, a se- 
dentary life. 

The prescription of a bicycle and the recom- 
mendation to use it wisely and well works 
like a charm in such cases, and in all the 
symptomatic ailments which arise from too 
much "acid" in the system. It is interesting 
to note that cycling sometimes has the effect 
of thinning the obese and fattening the thin, 
and this may partly be explained by Murchi- 
son's observations that excessive leanness, as 
well as excessive corpulence, is often caused 
by inaction of the liver, and the stimulus of 
regular exercise, setting the functions of that 
organ right, causes the disappearance of what 
was only a symptom. 



EVEN THE NOVELISTS. 

Evidently a certain set of novelists find 
that it "pays" to bring their stories up to 
date, says an English critic. I picked up a 
novel at a bookstall at haphazard and glanced 
at the opening lines: "Yes, remarked the 
earl, seating himself gracefully on the shin- 
ing safety." I picked up another: "So saying 
the viscount flung himself savagely from his 
wheel and proceeded to " . Feeling curi- 
ous, I opened a third: "Lady Helen Hubb 
truly reveled in her bicycle. If only her pol- 
ished mount had" . In desperation I sought 

a fourth: "They all rode bicycles, these girls," 
were the first words that met my eye. 



MADE FROM MUD. 

"Paw, what is a weather prophet?" 
"The profit on mud-guards and gear-cases, 
my son." 



i8 9 6. 



it 




Lots of Room at the Top. 



That is the reason why the Barnes White Flyer remains the most 
popular wheel on the market to day, selling at its original price when 
other so-called high-grade wheels have been driven to sell at a 
price that has proved the ruin of their manufacturers. 

THE BARNES IS THERE. 

It gained that eminence by its own merit, and sheer merit is all 
that is relied upon to keep it in popular favor. 

BEAUTY OF OUTLINE, 
EXCELLENCE OF CONSTRUCTION, 

Are what the makers of the Barnes claim for the wheel. It is *~* only 
as good as the best, but according to the popular verdict, just 9. little 
better. That is what the people want and are bound to have. They 
can get it in the Barnes, 

AND THEY KNOW IT. 



e£* e£* 



THE BARNES CYCLE COMPANY, 

SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

THE ELMWOOD CYCLE CO., No. 57 Paek Place, New Yo*k City, 
Agents for New York, Brooklyn and Long Island. 

THE DARRAH CYCLE CO., No. 933 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa., 
Agents for Philadelphia. 



Kindly mention The Wheel. 




52 



September n, 



NOT ALL RACING. 



Roads Around Springfield Where the Tourist 

Finds Enjoyment and Pleasant 

Riding. 

Springfield's tournaments and Springfield's 
bicycle industry are of national renown, but 
to the city's good suburban roads and the 
scenery which they afford, is due Springfield's 
army of cyclists. The man in Springfield who 
does not ride a wheel will generally apolo- 
getically volunteer the information that he 
intends to begin next season. 

The most popular run from Springfield un- 
til recently has been over the River Road to 
Holyoke. The advent of the electrics, together 
with the rebuilding of roads which had hith- 
erto been a bane to cycling, diminished the 
pre-eminence of the Holyoke run. Had not 
these causes been in operation, congestion of 



world, that it has little time for anything 
else, least of all for good roads. Its street 
department, like its other departments, is run 
on a political basis, and the results are evi- 
dent. However, a few years ago the city in- 
vested in half-a-mile of block asphalt for its 
principal street, and this stretch of paving is 
conceded by experts to be unsurpassed In the 
country. A $1,000,000 dam is being built 
across the Connecticut at Holyoke and Pros- 
pect Park by the river, from whence the work 
is best seen, affording a fine view of (he 
rugged features of Mt. Tom. 

Holyoke, Northampton and Springfield 
wheelmen are considering a project to build 
a cinder path from Holyoke to Northampton, 
a distance of nine or ten miles, but the real- 
ization of the plan is probably a year distant. 

Taken all in all, the ten miles of road from 
Springfield to Westfield form as fine a high- 
way as there is in the State. Crossing- the 



prominent inscription on a small bridge, is not 
an embargo to prevent one's return, but an 
ambiguous way of indicating that the ravages 
of the Westfield River have not been repaired. 

The seventeen-mile run about Springfield, 
known as the "circuit," is justly popular 
with wheelmen. The route is out Allen to 
Cooley street, thence to Sixteen Acres, re- 
turning to Springfield by the Wilbroham 
road. The roads are among the best in the 
State, notwithstanding that they traverse a 
sparsely populated district, where often- 
times there is no habitation in sight. Until 
lately these roads were dusty and muddy in 
turn, full of ruts and but little removed from 
barbarism. The superintendent of streets set 
himself to work to improve matters. A sand 
foundation was secured and on top was placed 
six or eight inches of red sandstone gravel 
secured by the roadside. The drainage is ex- 
cellent, and as a result these roads are al- 
ways hard and smooth. It should be added 
that since the roads were improved they have 
been placed under a system of repair. 

Sixteen Acres is one of the most pict- 
uresque spots in the Connecticut Valley. It 
seems unnatural to associate any activity 
with this locality, but not so very many 
years ego the placid pond furnished power 
for the largest mill in the county, and hun- 
dreds of cattle and hogs were fattened where 
a few cows now browse. 

The run to Hartford and return is about 




travel would have deprived the River Road 
of its popularity. This route is peculiarly 
adapted to novices in that from the North 
End Bridge at Springfield to Holyoke, a dis- 
tance of eight miles, there is but one hill, 
and that not at all formidable. The return 
trip is equally easy. A considerable part of 
the route is beneath shade trees, and except 
as repairs are being made, there is not a foot 
of soft road. A popular place in harvest time 
is the old cider mill in "West Springfield, on 
the brow of the little hill which one ascends 
soon after crossing the North End Bridge. 
The proprietor is, or at least was, one of the 
selectmen of the town, but his official dignity 
doesn't interfere with his business. A few 
rods further along is a watering trough, and 
nearby runs the path to Holy Smoke Spring, 
which has probably allayed the thirst of more 
wheelmen than any other of Nature's drink- 
ing places in New England. Its waters are as 
clear as crystal and as cool as ice. The Keat- 
ing Wheel Company never hit upon a bet- 
ter advertising device than when it built the 
spring-house which protects the Holy Smoke 
pool. The run to Holyoke affords several 
enchanting views of the Connecticut. 

Holyoke, the wheelman will find, is so en- 
grossed in its paper trade, the largest In the 



North End Bridge one wheels through West 
Springfield up Tatham Hill, which is a long 
incline and rather steep, and out upon West- 
field street to the Westfield road. Here the 
highway runs parallel with the Boston and 
Albany Railroad, then it goes through cool 
woods, and again it skirts the Westfield 
River, which in the spring is a raging tor- 
rent and in midsummer scarcely affords suffi- 
cient water to cover the huge flat rocks in its 
bed. 

At Westfield the county is building a bridge 
to take the place of one swept away by a 
springtime freak of the Westfield River. 
There is a foot-bridge with a small boy at the 
other end who exacts five eents of each trav- 
eller. Between the bridge and the centre of 
the town are the fields from which has just 
been harvested the finest crop of tobacco ever 
grown in the Connecticut Valley. 

"No crossing this bridge to Springfield," a 



fifty-five miles. If the trip is made on the 
Springfield side of the Connecticut, numerous 
hills make the ride hard except to expert rid- 
ers. By crossing the Connecticut at the 
South End bridge at Springfield, all but two 
or three of the hills are avoided. The road is 
practically straight to Hartford. If the cy- 
clist bears in mind the fact that he should 
keep on the road nearest the river, no other 
directions regarding roads are necessary. 
From Windsor the trolley-cars are an infal- 
lible guide. There is a fine specimen of State 
road on the hill at Windsor, which on the 
return trip makes one of the most exhilarat- 
ing of coasts; in fact, there is apt to be a lit- 
tle more exhilaration than most riders care to 
experience. The bridge across the Farming- 
ton River is one of the worst in Connecticut. 
Forest Park, in the southerly part of 
Springfield, is one of the most delightful spots 
in the East. It comprises several hundred 
acres, its contour being broken by hill and 
dale. Artifice has supplemented nature, with 
a result that is very nearly ideal. The lotus 
plants, the bears, the deer and other attrac- 
tions are visited daily by hundreds of cy- 
clists. E. W. PENFIELD. 



'896. WmffiWt 53 



LI HUNG CHANG 



Owns a Syracuse Bicycle. The Great Ambassador mightily 
pleased with his " Crimson Rim." 



CHINA ANA/HEEL. 

As his Excellency— the Viceroy of China— sets the fashion for the 
Empire, the probabilities are that "Crimson Rims" will demon- 
strate their popularity there, as in America. 



THREE SILVER MEDALS 

were presented to the Syracuse Cycle Co.— the makers— in appre- 
ciation of the high esteem in which the wheel is held. 



There is but ONE "Crimson Rim"— It is the Syracuse. 



SYRACUSE CYCLE CO., Syracuse, N. Y, 

Metropolitan Representative: ± Southeastern Representatives: 

GHAS. J. STEBBINS, (§) SUPPLEE HARDWARE CO., 

No. 103 Reads St., New York. # Philadelphia, Pa. 

Kindly mention The Wheel when writing. 



54 



September n 



UNTIL THE GEAR ARRIVES. 

Some Practical Points on Chains, Their Care, 

Keep, Faults and Possible 

Improvement. 

It is in the air that next year is to bring 
a revival — or perhaps a fair trial — of the 
bevel gear. As to this I have only to say at 
present that J. have always disliked the chain 
as an unmechanical makeshift, used in ma- 
chinery only where the resistance is great 
and the power must be transmitted without 
slip, but I have never been able to think of 
a workable substitute. Yet perhaps somebody 
else can; we will see. 

Meanwhile, something needs to be done for 
this many-jointed trouble. Great stress is 
laid on bearings, and the maker whose cat- 
alogue omitted to dilate on his cups and 
cones turned in tool steel out of the solid, and 
tempered (not case-hardened) and then 
ground true to shape, would feel that he had 
made a break; the bearing must also be 
"dust-proof," and felt packing was used to 
make it so until use had shown the futility 
of that. But the chain! The average chain 
has 100 pins; counting both ends of the 50 
blocks and both sides of the sprocket teeth, 
we have 250 wearing surfaces, all exposed. 
When mud is thrown upon it the chain 
"sraps," the filling- up of the tooth spaces 
thus temporarily tightening it by disturbing 
its pitch; and at all times these wearing sur- 
faces are lubricated with powdered stone. 
Not to overstate, it is true that not more than 
a dozen joints are bending at any one in- 
stant, yet they all take their turn. Some rid- 
ers, I have found, while easily seeing the mo- 
tion on the pins, are deceived by the appar- 
ently easy way in which the blocks sink upon 
and rise from the teeth, and do not realize 
any friction there; yet it is very real. Chains 
get loose and seem to have "stretched," but 
stretch is not possible; what happens is that 
the block and its pin wear each other on their 
quarter-inch plain bearing, and the block 
ends and the sprocket teeth wear, too, so that 
the spaces between the blocks and those be- 
tween the teeth lengthen a little, making the 
fit looser. The links holding the pins im- 
movably by their ends has nothing to do but 
stay there, and that par*- is not subject to 
wear. 

Roller-bearing chains have been attempted. 
The most promising one I have seen tries to 
substitute the knife edge for the pin bearing, 
but that, at best, meets only half the prob- 
lem, and I do not believe it is possible, under 
the conditions, to substitute rolling for slid- 
ing friction in the chain. 

Shall we try the gear case? That is almost 
a necessity in a country of damp mud like 
England. But the narrow slip used here sev- 
eral years- ago serves only to catch the mud 
thrown up by the wheel; it is useful against 
mud and the track of the slop-wagon, but 
not more. I once saw a completely inclosed 
tin case, ingeniously constructed by the 
owner, whose trade was to work in that ma- 
terial, and the Singer wheel has set us an 
example in the use of celluloid. If the case 
is to accomplish anything, it must be more 
than a dress guard for a feminine wheel; it 
must inclose so completely as to be substan- 
tially dust-proof; it must be of light weight, 
and it must be very easily removable without 
liability to loosen, or it will lead, as the dress 
guard does, to neglect of care. The close case 
of a bevel gear might be so close as to allow 
the gear to run in oil, but an oil bath for a 
chain would be a nuisance, on the whole. 
These requirements are not quite easy, and a 
somewhat w'aer tread than the present would 
also be necessary, but the narrow-tread fad 
is now joining the fad of very light weight in 
the limbo of th2 outgrown. 



Meanwhile, the chain could be bettered by 
having care instead of neglect. The average 
rider runs his wheel contentedly and un- 
troubled until it begins to drag or otherwise 
calls his attention unpleasantly; a chain not 
quite slack enough to mount the sprocket and 
not tight enough to bind will run almost in- 
definitely without making a felt complaint, 
and I am not sure that the rider who shoves 
his wheel along while it will go does not get 
more fun out of it than he who is always 
watching for symptoms. Nevertheless, the 
average rider may be glad of some tips about 
the care of a chain from one of the mechan- 
ical cranks. 

A few may condemn oil, and another few 
may condemn graphite, but the understood 
thing is that both go on the chain. The easy 
rider, grooming for the start, drizzles a 
stream from the oil can along his chain, 
spinning the wheel the while, then holds his 
graphite stick on the inner surface and rubs 
off a thick layer. That is the lazy way— 
whether it is the easy way depends on one's 
understanding of and care about conse- 
quences. The first result is to catch dust and 
cover sprocket and chain with a smeary mix- 
ture. On the contrary, the first rule I lay 



Morgan *WrightT.res 
are good tires 




down is that the chain should always be dry 
— that is, that there should be no moisture on 
it, either of water or of oil. 

The pin friction should be treated with oil, 
largely because graphite cannot well be 
worked in; the block friction should have 
graphite. When dirty enough— that is, oc- 
casionally, depending on amount of use and 
exposure to mud — the chain should be re- 
moved and put to bath in that great solvent 
and. cleaner, kerosene; between those times, 
wipe it with kerosene. The surfaces all be- 
ing clean, including teeth and the spaces be- 
tween the blocks, begin at the fastening 
screw and give each pin a drop of oil, going 
around in order; spin wheel a few minutes, 
then wipe off carefully all visible oil, thus 
leaving a dry chain, since oil is wanted in the 
chain, not on it. Then take a knife blade and 
lay a little graphite on the back face of each 
tooth in the small sprocket, and a forward 
face of each tooth in the large one; spin the 
wheel again and wipe off any excess, observ- 
ing that only a thin coating, not a dab or 
a chunk, is wanted on each tooth. The oil is 
now inside, where it belongs, and the graphite 
will distribute itself. The wearing surfaces 
are now lubricated, no matter how "dry" the 
chain may look; and the dust which falls on it 
will not mix with the graphite. 

This takes time, certainly; one may easily 
cccupy perhaps half an hour at it, though I 



never took that time, but it is well spent. A 
chain thus cared for, regularly wiped off be- 
fore use, though touched up only according to 
amount of use, will run with the minimum of 
noise and frictional resistance; it will work 
"sweetly," and the wear on both sprocket 
teeth and blocks, not to mention the pins, will 
be slow. To clean regularly, and oil and 
graphite very lightly but often is the treat- 
ment for abating as far as possible the chain 
nuisance. On the other hand, to put it 
through, sick or well, and dose heavily with 
oil and graphite sometimes, is the sure way 
to wear "flats" on the blocks and cut the 
teeth down to points, besides always having 
a dirty, messy chain. 

JULIUS WILCOX. 



FOR MOUTH-CLOSING PURPOSES. 

The clam has become famous through his 
ability to keep his mouth shut. Few wheel- 
men are able to successfully imitate the clam 
in this respect, so forth steps Mr. Oscar Mc- 
Cullen, of Richmond, Va., who has patented 
a mouth shield. Regarding this invention and 
its use, McCullen says: 

"The great majority of riders find it ex- 
tremely difficult to keep the mouth closed 
while riding, owing to the exertion in ped- 
alling; consequently, in cold weather, suffer 
seriously from sore throats, coughs, and even- 
tually more serious results follow." 

The mouth shield, which is made of German 
silver spring wire, formed midway into a 
coiled spring holding into position the em- 
bossed leather mouth flap, which covers the 
spring and prevents it from touching the face, 
presenting a neat appearance, and fitting 
comfortably to the face, effectually prevents 
the wind and dust from entering the throat 
while riding with the mouth open. 



LIZZIE'S PA IS SORRY NOW. 

Lizzie Dietz, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, had 
cycling aspirations. Lizzie's pa was a rabid 
cyclophobist. Lizzie defied her parent and 
rode the wheel. Pa procured a log chain, 
fastened it with a lock to her ankle, and then 
said he'd like to see her ride "that tarnel 
thing." Lizzie dragged the chain and herself 
to court, told her story, and now pa is in jail 
charged with cruelty to his child. As love is 
said to laugh at locksmiths, so does cycling 
chirp at chainmakers. 



CASH FOR NOTORIETY. 

To Miss Charlotte Smith — Free list has been 
entirely suspended. If you want to advertise 
yourself by attacking the bicycle, regular 
rates must be paid. These will be furnished 
you on application. In future, unless cash 
accompanies your order, your name and your 
anti-wheelwomen diatrabes will receive no 
further notice in the columns of this paper. 



FOR TIRE-TACKERS' ATTENTION. 

The Kneipp cure consists in walking bare- 
footed in the grass morning and evening. It 
is to be hoped for the future of the Kneipp 
cure in this country that the tack-throwers 
who have of late been so pointed in their at- 
tentions to wheelmen will not get after the 
Kneippists, too. 



GONGS ON THE REAR FRAME. 

Gongs attached to the rear frame of the 
machine, to tandems, particularly, are mul- 
tiplying daily, in this vicinity at least; in- 
deed, the demand has become sufficient for 
the G. R. Johnson Co., No. 107 Chambers-st., 
this city, to market a gong for the purpose. 



1 8^6. 



55 



THE PUBLIC ENDORSE} 



us in our claim of superiority for the 
wheel that's " Built on Honor," 





la the recent voting contest conducted by the 
Boston Herald to decide the most popular bicycle, 
the Warwick received 

671,589 Votes, 

leading its nearest competitor by 

180,862 Votes. 



In the recent voting contest conducted by the 

Springfield Union, the Warwick 

received 

76,408 Votes, 

leading its nearest competitor by 

13,089 Votes. 



The Dustproof Bearings and other innumerable points of perfection of the vermihoned-rim wonder have placed it 
FIRST in the hearts of riders everywhere as the best high-grade wheel in the world. 



MANUFACTURED bY 



WARWICK CYCLE MANUFACTURING CO., Springfield, Mass. 



Kiadly menti 



THE RAY LUGGAGE CARRIER. 

Dust-proof, water- 
proof, five compart- 
ments. Made of the 
best rubber jeans. At- 
tached to top of frame 
by spring hooks and by 
straps at lower corners. 
Size, 12 x 15 in. Price, 
$2.50. Sent by mail to 
any address. 

GORMULLY & JEFFERY MFG. COMPANY, 

939-945 Eighth Avenue, New York. 

Kindly mention Th- Wbeel # 




^fduA 


15a 


^loCu^f 




KJ^> ^^^^ 


$150. 


We guarantee the Luthy Wheel to 


be: 


The Handsomest in Design and Finish. 
The Best in Material and Workmanship. 


«*;■ V MAKERS,' « 


The Easiest and Smoothest Running W 
in the World. a few select agencies 


1EEL ' C Oft|A, \V> 

SOLICITED. 




SIMPLE, 
PRACTICAL, 
NOVEL. 



LAVIGNE 

Instantaneous 
Changeable 

PEDALS. 



Always Horizontal. 





trar, or vice Vers 1, by the upward pressure of fingt rs, 



We have solved the problem 
of Combination Pedals, at:d will 
help you in selling your wheels 
next st ason. 

We also make five styles of 
Bicycle Wrenches. 



The L-^v gn & Scott Mfg. Co. 

NEW HAVEN, CONN. 
Mention The Wheel. 



56 



September n, 



WHY HE WAS WORRIED. 

He had just come from a thirst parlor, 
where alleged quenchers and humidity cures 
were doled out at so much per dole. Stand- 
ing- on the sidewalk he watched wheelman 
after wheelman shoot past him, then turning 
to the neighboring bootblack he unburdened 
his heated feelings in this fashion: 

"The sun pours down large pailfuls of 
burning, blistering heat, the clouds drop 
great big hunks of humidity in the air and 
the zephyrs positively decline to blow, yet 
the bicycling enthusiast is still at large, 
pushing his pedals through the sunburned 
streets and around the dusty country. He, 
quite often she, does not seem to mind the 
heat though his clothes fairly drip with 
perspiration. 

"Wherever I go, when I go at all this hot 
weather, I meet him and he seems to enjoy 
it, aggravating me beyond measure with his 
grim smile of indifference to the weather 
that causes me to think in words I would 
shudder to breathe aloud. And, what is more, 
none of them seem to be overcome by the 
heat. Guess I'll take another drink." 

And once more the welcoming doors of the 
thirst parlor received his perspiring form. 



MIXTURE OF OCCIDENT AND ORIENT. 

Japanese women have adopted a queer cy- 
cling costume which consists of a combination 
of bloomers with the native dress. Combined 
with the upper part of the kamona costume 
the Japanese clothe their nether limbs in what 
are neither knickerbockers, trousers, zouaves 
nor bloomers. The ludicrous effect is height- 
ened by the girl having the national habit "of 
turning the toes in developed to its largest 
extent. 

All. that you can see when she passes you Is 
a pair of round and pretty heels wabbling in 
an uncertain manner, and a little body coiled 
up that makes you think